Military Review

Ukrainian crisis and Turkmen gas


Against the background of the Ukrainian crisis and possible problems with the transit of Russian gas to the European Union, the US and the EU, blocking the construction of the South Stream, they are trying to reanimate the project of supplies of Turkmen gas to Europe. These attempts began to be made long before the transition of the Ukrainian crisis into the “hot” phase, which indicates long-term planning of the goals that the West sets for itself in Ukraine.

Europe has long wanted to reduce its dependence on Russian gas exports. The Ukrainian crisis only provided a convenient excuse for this. The problem is that there are few gas fields capable of solving the energy problems of the EU, and they are located in remote areas. Large reserves of natural gas are located in the countries of the Caspian basin, and, above all, in Turkmenistan. However, in order to take advantage of them, it is necessary to build a gas pipeline under the Caspian Sea, the project of which European and American companies cannot implement with 1990's.

The persistent attempts by the US and the EU to block the construction of South Stream are largely due to the desire to create competitive advantages for the project of the southern energy corridor, designed to ensure gas supplies from the Caspian basin to the EU countries. The South Stream, which should pass under the Black Sea, is able to solve most of the problems with gas supplies to South and Central Europe, bypassing Ukraine, which is engulfed in political chaos and civil war. To prevent its construction, the United States, as you know, put strong pressure on the authorities of Bulgaria, and EU Energy Commissioner Gunther Oettinger threatened the consequences of those EU countries that decide to support the Russian project. At the same time, the West is quietly preparing a base in order to reanimate its own gas pipeline construction projects from the Central Asian region, bypassing the territory of the Russian Federation.

The construction of the Trans-Caspian gas pipeline is an old dream of the West, which plans to tear off the countries of the South Caucasus and Central Asia rich in oil and gas from Russia. But for this it is necessary to build a transport infrastructure, since the former Soviet republics did not have access to the European energy market independent of Russia. The Trans-Caspian gas pipeline project appeared in 1996 year.

In 1998, the US and USA have allocated 1,3 million dollars. on the development of a feasibility study for a project to deliver gas from Eastern Turkmenistan to Turkish Erzurum. It was planned to launch the gas pipeline in 2002, however, in 2000, all project work was curtailed on the initiative of the Turkmen side.
The Baku-Tbilisi-Erzurum gas pipeline was commissioned in 2007, but only Azerbaijani gas fields were the resource base for it. The problem of delivering Turkmen gas to Azerbaijan and further to Europe at that time was not resolved.

At the turn of the “zero” and “tenth” years, after two “gas wars” between Russia and Ukraine, the West once again intensified its efforts to build a gas pipeline. In 2010, the United States allocated 1,7 million to Azerbaijan. to develop a technical justification of the project. The design work involved the German company RWE and the Austrian OMV. At the same time, the European Union began to actively promote the idea of ​​building Nabucco - the main gas pipeline from Turkmenistan and Azerbaijan through Turkey to the EU countries with a design capacity of about 30 billion cubic meters per year. The development of this project was carried out from 2002. At the beginning of the “tenth” years, the EU began to make active attempts to get it off the ground, simultaneously trying to solve the problem of building a gas pipeline through the Caspian Sea, without which Nabucco simply would not have enough gas. The Russian South Stream was initially considered by the EU as a competitor to Nabucco. European Commissioner for Energy G. Etinger bluntly stated that he considers it undesirable. According to him, the South Stream can arrange the European Union only as another channel for the supply of Russian gas to Europe. If it supplies Caspian gas, it will be undesirable, as access to the fields in Central Asia, where the world's largest reserves of natural gas are stored, is a key issue for the EU.

The main obstacle to the construction of the Trans-Caspian gas pipeline is the fact that the Caspian is not a sea, but a lake, and international maritime law does not apply to it.

The legal status of the Caspian Sea is currently determined by the agreement between the RSFSR and Persia of February 26 1921 of the year and the trade and navigation agreement between the USSR and Iran of March 25 of March 1940. These agreements, based on the principle of “shared water”, provide for freedom of navigation and fishing for the Caspian states (with the exception of the 10-mile fishing zone), as well as the prohibition of navigation under the flags of non-Caspian countries. Subsoil use, environmental protection and military activities do not regulate the Soviet-Iranian agreements. However, the validity of these agreements is not recognized by all the republics of the former USSR.

For more than two decades that have passed since the collapse of the USSR, coastal states have not reached a common opinion on the legal status of the Caspian Sea. Russia proposes to divide the seabed according to the principle of the median line, preserving the surface and water mass in common use, and divide the controversial deposits according to the 50 principle: 50. Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan generally supported the Russian proposal. However, initially Azerbaijan advocated the division of the Caspian into national sectors, embarking on the development of the shelf on "its" territory. Turkmenistan started the same line, where the National Service for the Development of the Turkmen Sector of the Caspian Sea was established. The same principle underlies the position of the EU, which believes that the gas pipeline will run exclusively through the territory of Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan. However, the current status of the Caspian Sea, this position is contrary.

Nevertheless, the European Union, apparently, wants to simply ignore the legal problems of laying the Trans-Caspian gas pipeline. According to Marlen Holzner, a representative of the European Commissioner for Energy, the issue of the status of the Caspian Sea in the gas pipeline construction documents will not be touched upon, and disputes about it on the laying of the pipe should not be affected. This is due to the fact that, from the point of view of the EU, the gas pipeline will pass through the territory of Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan, which means that other countries cannot block this construction. Their opinion can be taken into account only when addressing environmental safety issues, as was the case during the construction of the Nord Stream.

The project of the Trans-Caspian gas pipeline does not take into account the position of Iran, which agrees to divide it only into equal shares of 20%. At the same time, the borders of the Iranian sector can noticeably move to the north, which does not at all please Baku and Ashgabat. To build a gas pipeline in conditions where it is not clear who exactly the bottom belongs to and the water column of this section of the sea is very problematic. The lack of legal guarantees of investment has led to the fact that none of the large companies are willing to invest in it. Meanwhile, problems with the laying of the Trans-Caspian gas pipeline were the main cause of the collapse of Nabucco. In 2012, Turkey and the EU announced plans to build a more modest pipeline. Thus, Turkey stated that it considers the Trans Anadolu (TANAP) gas pipeline to be a priority, which involves the use of already existing Turkish gas pipelines and the construction of additional routes not from the Caspian region, but from the Bulgarian-Turkish border. In March, 2012, the majority of Nabucco shareholders, approved the curtailed Nabucco West gas pipeline project, designed to deliver only Azerbaijani gas.

However, this option also proved to be unviable, and in June 2013 was announced the final closure of the Nabucco project.

Another stumbling block in the way of the Trans-Caspian gas pipeline is the long-standing dispute between Ashgabat and Baku over the ownership of the Azeri (Khazar), Chirag (Osman) and Kapaz (Serdar) oil fields. In the first of these, an international consortium led by BP has long been producing oil, which causes discontent on the part of Turkmenistan. The Kapaz (Turkmen version of the name Serdar), which may contain up to 150 million barrels of oil and gas condensate, is still the subject of controversy. When conducting the maritime border, both Ashgabat and Baku agree to be guided by the principle of the median line. But Azerbaijan considers it right to determine it on the basis of equidistance from the extreme points of the coastline, and Turkmenistan - in the midst of geographic latitudes, with the result that Kapaz turns out to be on its territory. Baku’s proposal to develop Kapaz jointly Ashgabat did not suit. In 2008, the presidents of the two countries agreed to take no action to develop the field until the dispute over its ownership was resolved. However, in June 2012 between Ashgabat and Baku a diplomatic scandal erupted. Azerbaijan protested against the fact that the Turkmen research vessel attempted to launch seismic work at the field.

It seems that the West decided to build the Trans-Caspian gas pipeline, despite Russia's objections. Preparations for this began long before Euromaidan’s transition to the stage of a coup d'état. At the end of 2013, the head of the EU office in Ashgabat, Denis Daniilidis, reported that the agreement between Baku and Ashgabat on the construction of the Trans-Caspian gas pipeline was close to completion. With the start of 2014, the parties stepped up diplomatic efforts. In January, Azerbaijan sent a spiritual leader, Sheikh ul-Islam Allahshukur Pashazade, to Turkmenistan with a letter from President Ilham Aliyev to President of Turkmenistan Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov, and at the end of March the presidents held a telephone conversation during which they exchanged invitations to pay official visits to their countries. 2 April, the head of the Turkmen Foreign Ministry Rashid Meredov unexpectedly visited Baku. As the American Internet resource EurasiaNet notes, this is the first visit made by a person of such high rank with 2009. And although the content of his talks remains unknown, analysts suggest that they were talking about building a gas pipeline across the Caspian Sea.

On April 18, a meeting was held in Ashgabat between President of Turkmenistan Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov and Chairman of the State Oil Company of Azerbaijan Rovnag Abdullayev, who discussed "issues related to the implementation of joint projects in the field of laying gas transit pipelines." The initiative, apparently, belonged to the Azerbaijani side. R. Abdullayev, in particular, emphasized "the interest of the Azerbaijani company in establishing full-scale cooperation with the republic as a partner who has significant resource potential." G. Berdimuhamedov, in response, noted that Turkmenistan is actively diversifying supply routes. However, unlike Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan already has gas pipelines in the Chinese and Iranian directions, actively lobbying for the construction of a new gas pipeline through Afghanistan and Pakistan to India. Ashgabat plans to start implementing this project next year, so its interest in the Trans-Caspian gas pipeline is much lower than that of Baku. It is not by chance that in the commentary of the press service of G. Berdymukhamedov on the negotiations with R. Abdullayev it was noted that “there are disagreements regarding the procedure for resolving legal issues with other Caspian states”

Nevertheless, the West does not intend to abandon plans for the construction of the Trans-Caspian gas pipeline. The Parliamentary Assembly of Turkic-speaking countries (TurkPA), in which Turkey is trying to involve Turkmenistan, can be used as a tool for resolving the contradictions between Ashgabat and Baku.

In connection with the intensification of work on the Trans-Caspian gas pipeline, in the near future we can also expect the reincarnation of the Nabucco project, without which Turkmen gas cannot be delivered to Europe.

As for Russia, building the US and the EU of the southern energy corridor threatens with further complications along South Stream, the construction of which threatens to bury alternative European projects.

Subscribe to our Telegram channel, regularly additional information about the special operation in Ukraine, a large amount of information, videos, something that does not fall on the site:

Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must sign in.
  1. psychologist
    psychologist 4 July 2014 14: 28
    they muddy water for a long time !! just to spoil Russia !!
    1. Giant thought
      Giant thought 4 July 2014 14: 39
      Russia needs to take countermeasures to prevent the construction of a competitive gas pipeline.
      1. Hariva
        Hariva 4 July 2014 14: 55
        Quote: Giant thought
        Russia needs to take countermeasures to prevent the construction of a competitive gas pipeline.

        What other competitive gas pipeline? One fish - drank and that's it ....
        1. Truth-lover
          Truth-lover 4 July 2014 15: 02
          No one will build for the Turkmen. And the Turkmens have not a lot of finances.
          This is just an element of gas war.
          1. Lindon
            Lindon 4 July 2014 15: 48
            Quote: True-Amorous
            No one will build for the Turkmen. And the Turkmens have not a lot of finances.
            This is just an element of gas war.

            Turkmenistan is a continuous desert with 5 million people and the largest gas reserves.
            The network is full of photos of "Ashgabat palaces" - these are the new Dubai or Qatar.
            China is already pumping gas from Turkmenistan through 3 pipelines and the fourth is on the way.
            There is enough gas for everyone.
            1. Flooding
              Flooding 4 July 2014 16: 37
              Quote: Lindon
              Turkmenistan is a continuous desert with 5 million people

              Something like this?
              1. Kasym
                Kasym 4 July 2014 17: 23
                The West can "rest" - the entire Central Asia, after 2 crises with the gas transportation system in Ukraine, decided to reorient itself to the East, to China. And many are "infected" with the idea of ​​a gas pipeline to Pakistan and India (these countries really need it, in Pakistan the electricity is so strained that turning off the light is the norm).
                Tired of Nabucco - Nazarbayev already chewed everything. Who will build what funds and who will bear all the risks? And who can sign a contract for 30 years of supply at a price higher than Gazprom's by 20% so that the pipe pays off? On ours? No, we do not agree, because there are all the necessary capacities and there is no sense in new ones, because during the construction of a new one, the old GTS will not be fully loaded. But for us this is not profitable. And what can I say, Nabucco is not beneficial to Kazakhstan and we will not subscribe to it and will not allow building along the bottom of the Caspian. hi
                1. Pilat2009
                  Pilat2009 4 July 2014 19: 26
                  Quote: Kasym
                  at a price higher than Gazprom's by 20%

                  Turkmen gas I remember was much cheaper than Gazprom
                  And if South Stream is planned to be recouped, then this one will also pay off if reserves allow. By the way, Power of Siberia will pay off in 50 years at such costs
                  And as for the laying of the pipe, Nazarbayev is not eternal, and the next generation, who has studied in the West, does not know what policy will be pursued
                  1. Kasym
                    Kasym 4 July 2014 21: 32
                    This is in Turkmenistan, and the final price in Europe will be much more expensive. I agree that you can pay back, but you need a long-term contract and a full load of these capacities.
                    In Kazakhstan for $ 50. Please, but at the Kyzyl-Orda field.
                    The technology of gas production and storage is different from oil. Drilling and building infrastructure - developing a field, is only under contract. Otherwise, burn or preserve the well. That is why long-term contracts for the right volumes are signed for gas. That is why the Kovyktinskoye and Chayandinskoye deposits were not developed before China. hi
              2. psg72
                psg72 5 July 2014 03: 21
                And who needs this stupid road to health? In vain swollen money. Build materials in helicopters drove.
                1. Flooding
                  Flooding 5 July 2014 16: 53
                  Quote from psg72
                  And who needs this stupid road to health?

                  Thank psg72
                  It turns out that this is the road to health))
            2. psg72
              psg72 5 July 2014 03: 18
              Have you been there I lived there. All palaces are just for show. Get off to the block from the center and all there are no palaces. And besides Ashgabat, where are the palaces? And China bought up all the gas from eastern Turkmenistan. It is not necessary to exaggerate the reserves of Turkmen gas.
      2. 1812 1945
        1812 1945 4 July 2014 18: 25
        Quote: Giant thought
        Russia needs to take countermeasures to prevent the construction of a competitive gas pipeline.

        Certainly! Stop constantly retreating and yielding to "partners" (damn them!) India and Pakistan have an interest in membership in the Customs Union. You must use it! To use as much political and economic leverage as possible. To involve the spiritual leaders of Russian Muslims in solving the issue. Develop a consolidated position with Kazakhstan on this issue. Turkmenistan has certainly been a vital zone of Russian geopolitical interests from time immemorial. Anglo-Saxons (and their satellites) don't belong there! Lavrov is not a trump (bastard), but the results are not so different. If not this year Lavrov speaks in full voice about the exclusiveness (!) Of Russian interests, then no one may ever speak up.
      3. asar
        asar 4 July 2014 18: 40
        Quote: Giant thought
        Russia needs to take countermeasures to prevent the construction of a competitive gas pipeline.

        One of the countermeasures, I think, is to "stir up" the Kurds! Since the "pipe" will pass through the territory of the unrecognized Kurdistan!
    2. The comment was deleted.
    3. The comment was deleted.
      1. The comment was deleted.
  2. portoc65
    portoc65 4 July 2014 14: 30
    Lighted a war in Ukraine only to push Russia away from the West .. It is hoped that Russia will get into a conflict .. then, through sanctions, the states will take over Europe
  3. johnsnz
    johnsnz 4 July 2014 14: 31
    Such a sign can be hung on the shale gas plans of the Americans. Reserves are less than estimated by 80-96% EVERYWHERE. Cost above market price. Draw conclusions.
    And the Turkmen gas pipeline is too expensive a pleasure. He was buried more than once already.
    1. Juborg
      Juborg 4 July 2014 15: 55
      In addition, the New York court of the third instance recognized the bans of the states and individual cities of America, where shale is mined, for its extraction as legitimate. Here the unexpected pi crept ..... c, all this dark company.
    2. mirag2
      mirag2 4 July 2014 15: 59
      I will correct, the error in the oil shale reserves in the USA is not 80, namely 96% !!
      That is, this is another "bubble" threatening to burst, this is the second crisis of 2008, the United States is unlikely to survive it, not economically, but politically.
  4. mig31
    mig31 4 July 2014 14: 32
    This is not a panacea, but a temporary muck towards Russia, or if you want, gas chaos ...
  5. Nina Zima
    Nina Zima 4 July 2014 14: 33
    04.06.14/14/03. XNUMX:XNUMX. Message from a source in the Russian Ministry of Defense.

    "The air defense calculations of the air defense missile system on the border with Ukraine are put on full alert to provide a no-fly zone over the Luhansk and Donetsk regions."

    PS Everything is ready. Now it all depends on one order from Putin.
    1. Oleg Sobol
      Oleg Sobol 4 July 2014 14: 39
      Where does the information come from? A source?
      Found some links.
      Infa stupidly copy-paste. Source from Vkontakte:
      There is NO official information!
      1. djtyysq
        djtyysq 4 July 2014 15: 14
        color = # C0504D]Infa stupidly copy-paste.
        ] NO official information NO!
        [/ Quote]
        I agree, I also did not find anything official.
    2. Hariva
      Hariva 4 July 2014 14: 40
      If not a fake, and this was announced, then the corresponding order has already been given.
      But where does the information come from?
    3. antiseledka
      antiseledka 4 July 2014 14: 40
      Dill and so 1,5 aircraft left. Boryspil must be shot down, in which the juntics will be dumped!
      1. aksakal
        aksakal 4 July 2014 15: 34
        Quote: antiseledka
        Dill and so 1,5 aircraft left. Boryspil must be shot down, in which the juntics will be dumped!

        I don’t see any reason to prepare air defense for the downing of Ukrainian aircraft. There are few of them, they are in Boryspil - a quick breakthrough of the SU-34 detachment - and there is no fleet at all for ukrov, NO! This was done in the Chechen campaign, in the Georgian one. It is simpler, faster, cheaper and much less risky than shooting down ground-based air defense systems. And there, slowly, bombing everything that surrounded Slavyansk with Kramatorsk and kills children with women there - the rest, Strelkov himself will finish and reach Kiev, and he will arrest whom he needs and hand over to the IC.
        But these are all dreams. DREAMS! Forget it. The order will not be! Putin merges New Russia. Do you hear? DRAINS!
        1. schizophrenic
          schizophrenic 4 July 2014 15: 56
          Quote: aksakal
          Do you hear? DRAINS

          When it merges, it will be understandable, here, incomprehensible progress is being planned for Iraq and ISIS, and Iran to the heap.
  6. bmv04636
    bmv04636 4 July 2014 14: 38
    and who said that Maidan only pin-sy can suit
  7. The comment was deleted.
  8. nvn_co
    nvn_co 4 July 2014 14: 39
    They will not be able to do it now ... No where are they so far without Russian gas, and you understand no where and no you understand. And the American owners are slowly, not soon, it’s a pity, but they will run out of steam, and if Europe doesn’t finish building, the Yuzhny will be left naked in the middle of winter! Ukraine is not a reliable partner in transportation and will not be reliable soon! Hohloponty will soon be over. I think so by October!
  9. RUS96
    RUS96 4 July 2014 14: 41
    Shooters expects the destruction of Slavyansk within 2 weeks.
    1. Slavapom
      Slavapom 4 July 2014 16: 18
      Two days ago, he said that they would be able to stay at most until July 10, today we are talking about two weeks ... Where is the truth, Zin?
  10. The comment was deleted.
  11. Leprechaun
    Leprechaun 4 July 2014 14: 54
    Turkmen gas cannot replace Russian gas; Norwegians; Algerians reduce their gas production; Turkmen can partially replace Norwegian and Algerian gas. In the next 10 years, Europe has no alternative to Russian gas.
  12. Semurg
    Semurg 4 July 2014 14: 55
    What China can’t refuse is their promptness and ability to achieve their goals. If you look at the map, then from Turkmenistan to China, the distance is the same as from Turkmenistan to Europe. For 10 years, China has already carried out three gas pipelines from Turkmenistan to China through the Republic of Kazakhstan for 60 billion cubic meters, and now it has begun to build a fourth gas pipeline bypassing the Republic of Kazakhstan through the mountains through Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan. But Europe is swinging and thinking, until it thinks up and there might not be enough capacity for their gas pipeline, unless Iran is connected to it with its gas. On the other hand, if Russia begins to supply gas to China, Turkmenistan, it makes sense to think about diversifying its gas supplies not only to the east, but also to the west.
    1. Kasym
      Kasym 4 July 2014 17: 32
      Semurg, good day! By signing the South Stream, European countries thereby buried Nabucco. And after this winter, Europeans (I think there will be problems in transit through Ukraine) are unlikely to hinder the South.
      1. Semurg
        Semurg 4 July 2014 19: 12
        Kind. Who pays for the south stream? if Gazprom then the Europeans can reanimate Nabucco to reduce their dependence on the Russian Federation. If Europe pays the south, then they won’t build a second gas pipeline.
        1. DMB87
          DMB87 4 July 2014 19: 19
          What pedivicia tells us:

          The offshore section is Amsterdam, South Stream Transport, whose shareholders are Gazprom (stake in 50%), Eni (stake in 20%), EDF Group (stake in 15%) and Wintershall AG (share in 15%).

          Land plots

          Austria - South Stream Austria Gmbh. Shareholders: Gazprom OJSC (50%), OMV (50%).
          Bulgaria - South Stream Bulgaria AD. Shareholders: Gazprom OJSC (50%), Bulgarian Energy Holding EAD (50%).
          Hungary - South Stream Hungary Zrt. Shareholders: Gazprom OJSC (50%), Magyar Villamos Művek Zrt. (MVM) (50%).
          Greece - South Stream Greece SA Shareholders: OAO Gazprom (50%), DESFA SA (50%).
          Serbia - South Stream Serbia AG. Shareholders: OAO Gazprom (51%), SE Serbiagas (49%).
          Slovenia - South Stream Slovenia LLC. Shareholders: Gazprom OJSC (50%), Plinovodi doo (50%)
          Croatia is a joint venture in the process of incorporation. Partners: Gazprom, Plinacro doo
        2. psg72
          psg72 5 July 2014 03: 29
          Yes, not enough gas from Turkmenistan. China took the most promising deposits from them.
      2. The comment was deleted.
    2. psg72
      psg72 5 July 2014 03: 27
      Will Turkmenistan have enough gas?
  13. VNP1958PVN
    VNP1958PVN 4 July 2014 14: 56
    And there is nothing to beg for debts! Debts must be knocked out! Then the debtors will have neither money nor time for nasty things! Yes
    1. djtyysq
      djtyysq 4 July 2014 15: 18
      Quote: VNP1958PVN
      And there is nothing to beg for debts! Debts must be knocked out!

      Tell me HOW to knock out?
    2. Svyatopolk
      Svyatopolk 4 July 2014 15: 35
      And how thus to knock out ukrov gas debts, do not tell ???
  14. djtyysq
    djtyysq 4 July 2014 14: 58
    [quote = Nina Zima] 04.06.14/14/03. XNUMX:XNUMX. Message from a source in the Russian Ministry of Defense.

    "Please provide a link to the source.
  15. reut.sib
    reut.sib 4 July 2014 15: 02
    We need to develop our industry and not hope for the sale of gas! We can’t apply it at home, how many consumers in our country dream of blue fuel and are heated with coal or wood, and gas is nearby. Only Gazprom (our property) thinks globally it is not profitable for it to sell gas to the public.
  16. ilya_oz
    ilya_oz 4 July 2014 15: 05
    I wonder what will happen if a nuclear charge is exploded in a gas field?
    1. Ruslan67
      Ruslan67 4 July 2014 15: 07
      Quote: ilya_oz
      I wonder what will happen if a nuclear charge is exploded in a gas field?

      It’s because of such experimenters that asteroid belts appear wassat
    2. AnpeL
      AnpeL 4 July 2014 16: 40
      And you are probably talking about Turkmen gas fields)
      That was fellow
      1. Kasym
        Kasym 4 July 2014 17: 41
        Well, Ilya, come on! He laughed heartily!
        But seriously, I could not find a photo on the Internet. A huge hollow, and the walls of this hollow burn because of the escaping gas. A hellish place, if I had not seen the video and photos in my life, I would not have believed it. Either Uzbekistan, or Turkmenistan, but in my opinion the first.
        1. Flooding
          Flooding 4 July 2014 17: 58
          Quote: Kasym
          A huge hollow, and the walls of this hollow burn because of the escaping gas. A hellish place, if I had not seen the video and photos in my life, I would not have believed it. Either Uzbekistan, or Turkmenistan, but in my opinion the first.

          Turkmenistan, Darvaza. The result of a miscalculation of prospectors in 1971.
          1. bmv04636
            bmv04636 4 July 2014 22: 32
            gate to hell is what happens who breaks technology
        2. psg72
          psg72 5 July 2014 03: 31
          In Turkmenistan.
  17. boomerang.
    boomerang. 4 July 2014 15: 12
    The real reason Shell has suspended the development of shale gas fields in Ukraine
    In accordance with the agreement, Shell’s Ukrainian colleagues will have to wait another 50 years to get their hands on this long-awaited “freedom gas”, which will reduce dependence on foreign energy sources.
    Shell’s first disappointment in the Ukrainian gas market turned out to be related to the quality of the metal in the pipes ...

    In March 2014, it became clear that the Belyaevskaya-400 well, which Shell drilled in the Pervomaisky District of the Kharkiv Region in search of shale gas, would not be profitable. "Gas was not found in our area. Geological exploration work showed that it is not there," admitted Viktor Namchuk, head of the Pervomaysky District State Administration of the Kharkiv Region, on February 28, 2014.
    As in many other countries of Eastern Europe, optimistic forecasts about the size of shale gas deposits were several times higher than real estimates of reserves.
    In addition, Ukraine’s neighbors - Lithuania, Bulgaria and Poland - are also likely to close shale projects, because they turned out to be less economically viable. By the spring of 2014, Chevron and Eni had also abandoned many shale projects in Eastern Europe for various reasons.
    The current “hot” situation in Ukraine means that politicians in the EU and the US at the official level cannot announce the suspension of gas export projects from the region, but the business community has already begun to “move out”.
  18. bmv04636
    bmv04636 4 July 2014 15: 13
    Well, in Turkmenistan, in my opinion, until 2022 there is free gas
  19. djtyysq
    djtyysq 4 July 2014 15: 21
    Quote: ilya_oz
    I wonder what will happen if a nuclear charge is exploded in a gas field?

    Turn into a white sheet and crawl into the cemetery.
  20. The comment was deleted.
  21. bubla5
    bubla5 4 July 2014 17: 05
    As soon as Turkmenistan independently enters the world market, the world will come to an end in this country, the Pindoras will try to put the country under their influence, and where they are chaos and devastation, the late president understood this
    1. tasey
      tasey 4 July 2014 17: 31
      Here ... As I understand it, the United States must be destroyed!
      1. tol100v
        tol100v 4 July 2014 18: 28
        Quote: tasey
        .. As I understand it, the United States must be destroyed!

        And that phrase of an old and smart Indian should be PUT AT THE END OF EACH COMMENT ON "IN". So it will be most true!
  22. Bakht
    Bakht 4 July 2014 17: 47
    There is so much fog in this project that there are no ends to be found.

    Turkmenistan, of course, is the gas giant in Central Asia. But a giant does not mean that there is as much gas as you want. If I understand correctly, Turkmenistan already supplies 60 billion cubic meters annually to China. Annual production is 75 billion cubic meters. Something is needed for the domestic market. The TAPİ project (Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India) required about 30 billion cubic meters. China actually buried this project, having bought all available surplus gas. To fill Nabucco, another 20 billion cubic meters are needed. Where to get them? In order to get them apart from the gas pipeline, you also need to invest in development. And then have a bunch of transit countries. And here is China nearby, which stated that it was ready to buy up any amount of Turkmen gas.

    It is unlikely that Nabucco in such conditions has a chance of survival. The only chance to revive this project is to connect Iran to it. Iran has been talking about this for a long time. But ... so far sanctions have been imposed on him. If sanctions are lifted from Iran, then we can talk about Nabucco. But then somehow at the wrong time the Caliphate drew up.

    Something from the CIA and the State Department is late for my reports. But I feel with my spinal cord that the main goal is Russia and Europe. Moreover, Europe is more important. And the gas market. The crisis in Ukraine and the Caliphate in the Middle East leave Europe without gas. Or with expensive shale gas from the United States. In 2-3 years we will find out who brewed this porridge and why.
  23. silverwolf88
    silverwolf88 4 July 2014 18: 15
    As usual ... under the guise of big politics and ranting about international law, BUSINESS is hiding ... and they don’t smell like money ...
  24. bmv04636
    bmv04636 4 July 2014 22: 33
    all nearest gas is bought by China the most growing gas market