Military Review

Russia will create a super heavy rocket methane fuel

In Russia, work is underway to develop new methane engines, which are designed for super-heavy launch vehicles. Oleg Ostapenko, who is the head of Roscosmos, told journalists about this. This statement he made, speaking at the Tauride National University. Vernadsky. At the same time, he noted that the sanctions from the United States will not affect the implementation of Russian space projects and programs. Noting that Roskosmos is ready to cope with these problems, and the country has a very large potential for space exploration without foreign partners. According to the plans of Roskosmos, a new super-heavy rocket, which should be created in our country, will have to launch into space up to 190 tons of payload.

Oleg Ostapenko recalled that in Russia work on the development of new heavy and superheavy rockets is already underway. According to him, at the first stage of the implementation of this program, Roskosmos hopes to get a rocket that can launch from 80 to 85 tons of payload into space. According to Ostapenko, at the first stage the task is not to create a launch vehicle with a payload capacity of 120 tons, since there are simply no targets for such missiles. At the same time, the 85 missile tonnage is still quite enough for the Russian lunar program.

At the same time, the head of Roskosmos noted that in the future the super-heavy rocket will be continuously upgraded “by replacing control systems, engines, etc.”. According to him, at the first stage the engines of the launch vehicle will work on kerosene, oxygen and hydrogen, but in the future it is planned to switch to methane engines, which have yet to be developed. The use of such engines should allow up to 190 tons of payload to be put into orbit. At the same time, Oleg Ostapenko informed the journalists that the launch complex for launching new Russian rockets should appear at the Vostochny cosmodrome currently under construction.

Russia will create a super heavy rocket methane fuel

According to the official site of the cosmodrome and the plots on Russian television, the construction of the cosmodrome in the Far East is conducted at a record pace. And this means that the future main Russian space center, which is being built in the Amur Region near the village of Uglegorsk, will be ready in 2015 year. The total area of ​​the reserved territory of Vostochny is 1035 square meters. kilometers In this case, the first launch of the launch vehicle from the new cosmodrome should take place at the end of 2015 of the year, and the first launch into space of a manned spacecraft in the 2018 year.

Earlier, Oleg Ostapenko, at the press conference held at ITAR-TASS, said that the project to create a new Russian super-heavy launch vehicle was included in the federal space program for the 2015-2025 years, with the program itself not approved. Speaking about what kind of domestic enterprise will be engaged in the development of a new rocket, Ostapenko noted that an informed decision will be made. Currently there is a great offer on the Center. Khrunicheva, TsSKB Progress and RSC Energia. The official did not rule out that this project would be a complex, and not a project of just one enterprise. At the same time, according to the head of Roscosmos, a separate platform will not be developed to create a new rocket, existing ones will be involved. As an example, Ostapenko cited the production facilities of TsSKB Progress (Samara city).

The information that TsSKB Progress presented a model of its own future rocket appeared at the end of May 2014. The rocket is a carrier of the super heavy class, which is designed to implement an ambitious Russian program for the colonization of the moon. Samara designers suggested a rather original idea - to design a “methane rocket”, the engines of which would work on liquefied gas, which would complement liquid oxygen. This fuel is currently characterized as quite promising, it is already being developed in other industries. From more traditional kerosene, this fuel is distinguished by a rich raw material base and low cost. Taking into account the development time, the time of rocket exploitation and future problems with kerosene, all this becomes very important.

The TsSKB Progress is well aware of all the disadvantages of kerosene. Today, the Soyuz launch vehicles manufactured by Samarans work on artificial fuel, but initially they flew precisely kerosene, which is produced from certain grades of oil. At the same time, oil fields of this type are gradually being depleted, for this reason, the shortage of kerosene over time will be felt only more and more.

According to Alexander Kirilin, head of TsSKB Progress, using liquefied gas instead of kerosene to put the same payload into orbit requires less 6-7% fuel. The company’s plans today are to create a new two-stage launch vehicle, which so far bears the name Soyuz-5. The enterprise from Samara is currently engaged in the development of its draft project in an initiative manner. At the same time, it is reported that this rocket will have to work on a new, completely eco-friendly type of fuel - liquefied natural gas (LNG) and liquid oxygen.

However, the kerosene with oxygen, on which the Russian Soyuz today fly into space, cannot be attributed to non-ecological types of fuel. But liquefied gas is even cleaner and more efficient. According to experts, the content of toxic substances in the products of burning LNG is approximately 3 times less than when using kerosene, which itself is considered to be a fairly environmentally friendly type of fuel. If we talk about efficiency, then, as already stated above, the use of LNG in rocket engines can save 6-7% of fuel when putting the same cargo into orbit than in the case of traditional kerosene.

At the same time, the development of engines that would work on liquefied natural gas is being conducted today and abroad. For example, by request of NASA, work was carried out on the development of a liquid rocket engine (LRE) of small thrust, as well as with the 340 kgf thrust. In addition, Space-X, with the support of NASA, is working on the creation of an LRE operating on LNG with an order of 300 tons, these engines are planned to be used in Mars and Moon research programs. In addition, by order of the Italian Space Agency, AVIO, together with KBKHA, is working on methane rocket engine for the Vega launch vehicle.

Currently, the leading Western developers most often use hydrocarbon fuel (kerosene) for medium-class launch vehicles, heavy hydrogen (most often) hydrogen carrier rockets, as well as solid fuel boosters, which are installed at the first stage of rockets. Along with this, the cost of a space launch is starting to emerge more and more clearly in the modern space program. It is for this reason that many competitors are starting to rely on cheap rocket engines, training technologies, and fuel components. According to the experts of Progress, the creation of launch vehicles of the super heavy class based on methane engines is one of the possible ways of development. Such missiles will not be inferior in their efficiency to hydrogen carrier, but they will be much cheaper in production and operation, which is especially important today.

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  1. Velesovich
    Velesovich 17 June 2014 09: 15
    This of course is all fine, but at least one program must be brought to mind. The launch of the Hangar has been postponed for about 10 years. Huge plans, but the result from the time of the Buran - no.
  2. yurik
    yurik 17 June 2014 10: 23
    Russia will create a super heavy rocket methane fuel

    the main thing that they would not have turned out Mace number 2
    1. Nikita_Pilot
      Nikita_Pilot 17 June 2014 10: 37
      190 tons of nuclear weapons am . This is not Bulaba and not even Satan - this is Armageddon version 2.0 with the stamp "Made in the Russian Federation".
      1. I think so
        I think so 22 June 2014 00: 17
        "Bulava" here does not act as a weapon, but as an example of a UNDERSTANDING AND PERSPECTIVE development ... in all respects worse than the previous ones ... and even not flying ... and even DEVELOPED for 25 years ... Here is the context (not mentioned by night) "Bulava".
        1. The comment was deleted.
        2. Voronbit
          Voronbit 28 June 2014 09: 24
          Well, what to speak with you .... you are simply deep Nekopenhagen
    2. Voronbit
      Voronbit 28 June 2014 09: 14
      simple pokolep7 or you know. than the mace is bad
  3. chunga-changa
    chunga-changa 17 June 2014 11: 15
    "Russian developers of rocket technology" is almost a meme, like "British scientists". All their work comes down to the same ridiculous and useless results, for the same serious money.
    1. I think so
      I think so 22 June 2014 00: 20
      Since somehow the results are not visible AT ALL! Where are these results? Soyuz, as Korolev did, so it still flies, and nothing else flies (we will not count the "flights" of "Protons" as flights)
    2. Voronbit
      Voronbit 28 June 2014 09: 32
      I also sometimes like to speak about hats .... I think that haters do not take offense at me
  4. Pajamas
    Pajamas 17 June 2014 12: 17
    Quote: Nikita_Pilot
    190 tons of nuclear weapons am . This is not Bulaba and not even Satan - this is Armageddon version 2.0 with the stamp "Made in the Russian Federation".

    and here is a quote from the article
    In addition, Space-X, with the support of NASA, is working on the creation of an LNG engine operating on LNG with a thrust of about 300 tons; these engines are planned to be used in programs for the exploration of Mars and the Moon.
    So they will lift the same 150 - 200 tons. Therefore, from chapkometatstvo, it is necessary to move on to business, start executing the program, determine with the lead developer, design and model stages, create products, conduct tests, deploy capacities, launch into series. After all, otherwise it will simply be idle chatter, again "communism by the year 2000", cheap propaganda - if there is no good news now, promise their mid-term future, or God forbid, instead of "giving", there will be "pill" again. From words to deeds, it would be time already.
    1. Idiot
      Idiot April 27 2016 11: 37
      Especially for Pajama One: thrust of 300 tons and payload are two different concepts. For example, the ancient "Proton" has a thrust of 900 tons. This means, if you follow your logic, no matter how tense the United States is, we made them three times back in the 70s ...
  5. MVV
    MVV 17 June 2014 13: 02
    saving 6-7% of fuel when putting the same cargo into orbit
    They just forget to say that the walls for storing kerosene and liquefied gas are several times thicker and also need thermal insulation and, accordingly, heavier.
    1. Nikita_Pilot
      Nikita_Pilot 17 June 2014 16: 43
      Well, why thicken the walls? If it is possible to run stiffeners on flexible material, yes more. Lightweight and durable structures are obtained.
    2. Voronbit
      Voronbit 28 June 2014 09: 41
      but in general it’s some kind of pi ar .... it’s possible to make fuel from a cow ... would be an oxidizing agent ......... and building healthy rockets today is not a particularly tricky business ... on purpose will be
  6. Committee
    Committee 17 June 2014 13: 30
    And most importantly - the transfer of the production center completely to Russia. We need YOUR developments entirely!
  7. Free wind
    Free wind 17 June 2014 17: 15
    The USSR did not make high-profile statements, but simply worked. And rockets flew into space. and the planes were great. And the military equipment was excellent. And now one statement after another. We will create. we will begin to develop and so on and so forth. It seems to me that such developments are a state secret. And if they are talking about it at such a high level. then chatter he is chatter.
  8. Hajdeger
    Hajdeger 17 June 2014 18: 33
    One intentions, one wishes! I would like to look at the problems with Proton, from the Mace, from the Hangar. Systemic crisis - with this you need to start fighting!
  9. xprokt
    xprokt 18 June 2014 11: 02
    Such developments in our country are not a state secret, they are simply not written about. The confusion with the Russian cosmos was in connection with the sharing of power. And LNG engine developments have been going on for a long time. KBHA together with the Italian company AVIO are already launching production of second-stage engines for LNG
    The first test balloon will be launched into the orbit of the moon with tourists 2017-1018.
    Turn on your brains. If they say that we are not planning to fly to the ISS after 2020, but we will fly to the moon in 2035, then where will 15 years of manned space exploration go, we will still fly, and even more than now. And "Angara 7" in the initial projects meant the withdrawal of the load up to 70 tons. The Angara will already fly on June 25th.
    In Russian space, there is now a global restructuring of the consciousness of its use. Infrastructure for deep space is being developed. A nuclear engine has already been made, now they are spinning it at Roskosmos.
    Regarding the thrust of 200 tons, small spacecraft are launched on 1 NK-33 engine
    For flights to the moon, engines with a thrust of up to 1000 tons on the basis of RD-170/171 should be used wisely. And the shtatovskie gestures for the creation of the NK-33 or RD-180, for our developers already last century. Our developments go strictly according to TRIZ.
  10. Tishka
    Tishka 3 October 2014 02: 09
    While managers and not engineers at Roscosmos, rockets will not fly! So, it’s time to move from words to action, develop a clear program, and not appeal to the people, you tell us what and how, and we blind something, maybe it will fly, and it will not fly, it’s also not a problem, because the money is already sawed! And so we’re stomping around the Queen’s idea, not a step to the side!