Sniper case in the troops of the anti-Hitler coalition
The United States entered World War II without any special pre-war sniper program. However, they had at their disposal well-trained shooters who practiced shooting at various shooting events and, in general, by virtue of armory Traditions Americans have always fired well.
As a result, the first American snipers were well-trained servicemen, who received the necessary sighting equipment and were able to practice using it for a very short time. The main indicator of the training of the first American snipers was the ability to get from a prone position with 200 yards (180 meters) and into the body from a distance of 400 yards (360 meters). While most of the infantrymen were armed with the Garand M1 self-loading rifles, the M1 carbines and the Thompson and M3 submachine guns, snipers used the Springfield sliding rifle.
The U.S. Army used the Springfield M1903A4 version, which was the standard weapon of World War II with a milled safety bracket, 4 threaded and a modified loading handle allowing the installation of an optical sight. The army chose Weaver No. 330 civilian optical sight directly from store shelves and, adapting it for their own needs, assigned it a new designation M73B1. It was an 3-x adjustable sight, which, however, did not allow the rifle to be charged with a clip, only one cartridge each. In addition, if the optics were damaged, the rifle was no longer equipped with optics. For what reason it was not equipped, it is not specified. Nevertheless, American soldiers quite successfully used M1903A4 against the Nazis in North Africa and Europe.
The preferences of the American marines were somewhat different from those of the army. The marines preferred the Springfield М1903А1 rifle, the era of the First World War with the 8-and Unertl multiple sight on an aluminum bracket. In addition, Winchester A5 sights were used at an early stage of the war. But no matter what type of sight and mount, the M19031 was used as the main weapon of American snipers in the Pacific in the confrontation with Japan.
Later, the famous self-loading rifle M1 Garand with the M82 scope of 2,5 and left-side mount was used for sniper needs. Today in the US, any of the above sniper rifles in good condition with optics and accessories can be sold at a price not lower than 10000 dollars.
The British, like the Americans, also did not have any kind of pre-war programs to equip and train snipers, and during the war, they promptly tried to catch up on what they had done rather quickly. Carefully selected shooters from other branches of the military underwent two-week training, received a waterproof camouflage Denison overalls, a veil for the face and a Lee-Enfield Rifle No.3 magazine rifle with an optical sight mounted on it.
Not very pleased with their era of the First World War rifle, the British created a No.4 Mark I sniper rifle based on it. Equipped with the 3's multiple optical sight No. The 32, which was originally intended for the BREN machine gun when used in fortifications, this rifle weighing just over 6 kg was probably one of the most accurate rifles of the 20 of the 20th century.
To ensure the convenience of aiming, the rifle was equipped with a podschechnik on the butt and quick-release fastening for the preservation of optics. To ensure compatibility of all elements of the sniper rifle system, the slat and sight had one serial number and were issued to the sniper in one set. Britain and Commonwealth troops used these rifles in World War II and the Korean War. In particular, this rifle was used by Joseph Gregory (Joseph Gregory) who passed both world wars and the most successful Australian sniper Ian Robertson.
Today, the No.4 Mark I sniper rifle in good condition with optics can be purchased for 7000 dollars.
In the 1930s in the USSR, quite a lot was done to develop small-scale business among young people through Osaviakhim. Already during the war with Finland in the USSR, actions were taken to create a sniper rifle on the Mosin 91 / 30 magazine rifle platform. In combination with the 4-x multiple aiming PE or more popular PU precisely these rifles were destined to play an important role in the fight against invaders.
With the beginning of the war, the sniper movement in the Red Army assumed a large scale, which ultimately led to the fact that Soviet snipers became the most productive and effective snipers in stories. Ural hunter Vasily Zaitsev during the only battle for Stalingrad destroyed the 240 Nazis. And Lyudmila Pavlichenko, who had been studying at the university before the war and who had been shooting during the war, destroyed more than three hundred Nazis.
At the end of the war, at least 80 Soviet sniper scored 100 and more Nazis. Most of them were armed with a Mosin rifle, although some snipers used the Tokarev SVT-40 self-loading rifle.
In recent years, a significant number of Mosin rifles have arrived in the United States, where they can be purchased at prices ranging from 400 to 2000 dollars.
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