On the organization of the famine in the USSR in 1932-1933 years

The end of 1932 - the beginning of 1933 was one of the most difficult times for the USSR. The process of industrialization of the country went quickly with a booming pace. But for the industrial giants did not have time to simultaneously create the appropriate infrastructure, there were problems with the delivery of raw materials, marketing of products. For a number of construction projects, due to the redistribution of resources, there were not enough resources, because of the emergency mode, labor safety standards were violated, because of this, people became cripples. Working conditions were still very bad, because of the crowded living and the abominable living conditions in the barracks and shelters, diseases began. But, despite all the difficulties, the country was transformed just before our eyes.


In agriculture, things were worse. The peasants could not immediately rebuild their psychology of the willow collective farms to work as well as on themselves, plus the meager incomes of the collective farmers who did not stimulate an increase in productivity. In addition, the priority direction for the development of the national economy was heavy industry, therefore the proceeds from the sale of timber, grain, oil, etc. went there. 1932 was a bad year.

Map of the main areas of famine in the USSR. The thicker the hatching - the greater the size of the disaster

On the organization of the famine in the USSR in 1932-1933 yearsBefore the “blow”, an information campaign was organized in the media: in the autumn of 1932, the journalist Stavsky from Pravda visited Kuban, and there he found a solid “counterrevolution” from the “hidden” remnants of the Cossacks, “whiteguards” who had “organized sabotage”. He was supported by the Rostov newspaper "Molot". They immediately responded to it, three special-purpose units were sent from Rostov, and the detachments were previously formed from “internationalists” (Latvians, Hungarians, Chinese. ”Yagoda and Kaganovich personally came from Moscow to lead the operation. And punitive detachments acted in the best traditions "Civil war: mass arrests and executions, including public, went. So 600 executed people in Tikhoretskaya - three days in a row on 200 people were taken to the square and shot. The executions took place in the villages of Kuban, in Stavropol, Kub At the same time, they organized a “purge” of the party’s ranks, excluded party members who “condoned saboteurs”, only in the North Caucasus region 45% of communists in rural areas, 26 thousand people were excluded. Some were sent into exile, property was confiscated. 4 November 1932 By the year, the North Caucasian Regional Committee adopted a resolution for disrupting grain deliveries to hold a number of punitive measures against a number of villages, from which all goods were taken out, shops were closed, and all debts were withdrawn in advance. As a result, these events spread to other areas of the Kuban and even to the Don.

Then the operation was repeated in Ukraine, where journalists also revealed the "kulak counterrevolution." 14 December 1932 was adopted by a joint decree of the Central Committee and the government "On grain procurements in Ukraine, the North Caucasus and in the Western Region", and the deadlines for completing the harvest were set by the Sami to be tight - by mid-January 1933. The Ukrainian authorities, headed by Postyshev, Kosior, and Chubar, introduced measures similar to the North Caucasus Territory. Trade was banned, general searches were carried out, food was taken, and everything was cleaned, money and valuables in the account of "debt." If they found hidden food, they imposed fines. If there was nothing, people were taken home, people were driven out in the winter. As a result, several villages in the Kuban rebelled, of course this was an excellent reason to further strengthen the repression.

So, was organized by the so-called. “Famine”, and it cannot be said that the plan was to deliberately destroy the population of Ukraine, also killed Russian and other nationalities of New Russia, Central Russia, the Volga region. And the people could not leave those regions where there was a famine, these areas were cordoned off by troops, special troops, so that people would not run away. Plus, the passport system was introduced in 1932, it made it difficult to move around the USSR, and the rural population did not have passports. The people accumulated in the cities, at the stations, but the markets were also closed there, the supply was only on the cards, but it was poorly organized. As a result, hunger became a terrible disaster, hundreds of thousands died, and special military teams detached themselves to bury the corpses. People ate cats, dogs, caught rats, ravens, carrion dug out of cattle burial grounds on the Don, there were cases of cannibalism. Ogpu fighters of the OGPU and the police killed on the spot, without trial. In some places, the plague began.

As a result, the situation sharply worsened, the supply of cities worsened, famine threatened to spread to other regions, circles of “Trotskyist” and “Bukharin” character were created, Diversion was powerful, the country could be blown up again - terror and famine could cause a new peasant war, a wave of chaos. This fact is confirmed by the correspondence of the writer Sholokhov and Stalin. Thanks to Sholokhov's data from Moscow, a commission headed by Shkiryatov was sent to the Don. It is clear that Stalin was not interested in disrupting the plans for industrialization, collectivization, the new war with the peasantry, this was necessary for the internal and external enemies of the USSR. In addition, Sholokhov, apparently, there were other "signals" about the organization of the "famine", so it quickly stopped. Stores opened, food appeared, that is, food was, even in the same areas where there was famine. However, the investigation of Shkiryatov and other investigators from the center did not reveal the perpetrators, the crime was hushed up, only “exaggeration” was reported.

Only a few years later, during the “Great Purge”, for a “famine,” a number of figures (including Berry) will answer, albeit according to other articles. And Sholokhov in Pravda would call the leaders who arranged this “enemies of the people” - for the fact that “under the pretext of fighting sabotage ... they deprived the collective farmers of bread”.

Results:

- The “Holodomor” was organized by “internal enemies” (the so-called “Trotskyists”) in order to stop the rise of the USSR, cause destabilization of power, undermine confidence in the supreme power, returning to the “swamp” of 20's. Eliminate Stalin and other "statesmen" from power.

- The people of the USSR were dealt a terrible blow; according to various estimates, 6-8 million people died.

- It is foolish to accuse Stalin personally of the “famine”, he was not a “cannibal”, he was not needed to destabilize the country, disrupt industrialization and other projects.

- It is stupid and disinterested to consider that the famine was organized for the purpose of the genocide of the Ukrainian people, the first blow was inflicted on the Kuban, the North Caucasus Territory, then the famine was organized in other regions, including Ukraine, the Volga region, the Central Black Earth region, the Urals, the Crimea, part of Western Siberia, Kazakhstan.

Sources of:
Murin Y. Writer and Leader. Correspondence of M. A. Sholokhov with I. V. Stalin. M., 1997.
Shambarov V.Ye. Anti-Soviet. M., 2011.
Shambarov V.Ye. Cossacks. History free Russia. M., 2007.
A. Shubin. Leaders and conspirators: The political struggle in the USSR in the 1920-1930-s. M., 2004.
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  1. pokermen
    pokermen 13 June 2011 11: 15 New
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    Just the same, the state itself organized the famine.
    Our Kuban village was blacklisted for complete eviction and extermination. Almost all Cossacks with their families and ordinary peasants who had land were sent to the Kazakh steppes, a third died on the road .... another third in exile .... not many returned. Instead of the deportees, they settled the soldiers and workers from the Urals + from the center of the country.
    Just as Hitler destroyed Jews, Stalin slaughtered the Cossacks and wealthy peasants
    1. Alexey K. 19 November 2015 12: 56 New
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      I completely agree, I am from the Orenburg Cossacks and about the same situation, everyone was evicted north of Tobolsk. So great-grandfather with 7 family members in the same cart was sent. It was genocide and the destruction of the Cossacks. And not the Ukrainians as such.
  2. Captain
    Captain 13 June 2011 12: 47 New
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    And the author is not embarrassed that even the map of the famine brought by him fully coincides with the resettlement of Ukrainians in the adjacent regions of Russia and the Kuban, as well as the result of Stolypin resettlements in the Volga and Ural regions, Kazakhstan?
    switch toggle switch "fool" it's time to turn off.
    Turn on the logic!
    1. slan
      slan 13 June 2011 22: 47 New
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      And ukrologist does not admit that the given map coincides with the climatic regions and crop failure? But "Ukrainians in the adjacent regions of Russia and the Kuban, as well as the result of Stolypin resettlements in the Volga and Ural regions, Kazakhstan" know that they are Ukrainians?)) I live in these same areas, but if I name a person with the last name so he can give a Ukrainian in the face, so the concept of "Ukrainian" after the 90s is discredited.
    2. vladkavkaz 19 November 2015 13: 11 New
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      Captain
      Svidomo logic, something from the category of hallucinations, you are a site with a censor confused?
  3. pokermen
    pokermen 13 June 2011 13: 42 New
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    And where does the Ukrainians ??? A typical example of brainwashed
    1. Alexey K. 19 November 2015 12: 57 New
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      Keep
  4. slan
    slan 13 June 2011 17: 02 New
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    I don’t know what's up with the plans of Trotsky and Stalin, but to die of hunger on the earth is to have very great abilities. In the besieged Leningrad there were millions of people in a small area of ​​the city ... There was probably a famine in the 30s, but it was hard to believe that it would be a pest.
    Yes, so that someone planned to reduce the number of such methods .. Yes, it’s only the current ukry who can think of it, it’s necessary to attach a soldier to every Ukrainian and as soon as he has eaten the edible he’ll take away)) This is nonsense, wouldn’t it be easier to send dig them, say?
    Well, sick and incapacitated died of hunger in these years more than usual. So what is the joy of the "cannibal Stalin"? Yes, they would have died already, and healthy people of childbearing age will not die of hunger on earth, and against the background of the experienced stress and vacated living space, more Ukrainians will be born.
    No, Ukrainian is a diagnosis. Well this must be savored and proud that your ancestors ate each other from hunger among fields and rivers. But how much pleasure ukram this topic delivers ..
    By the way, the topic of the egg is not worth it, due to the extremely high rate of industrialization, problems arose with the distribution of food - the number of peasants fell sharply, workers accordingly ... Food for the workers had to be taken somewhere, and they overdid it. By the way, food was seized nevertheless more probably again by Ukrainians led by their Khrushchevs than Russians. What is called: make a fool pray to God, he will break his forehead, this is about the Ukrainian commissars.
    1. Captain
      Captain 13 June 2011 17: 46 New
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      a classic example of the theory of fascism!
      which was based on the Darwin theory of natural selection.
      and not surprisingly, this is Russofascism.
      in those days, Europe also refused to believe in the Holodomor, when the USSR exported bread in a large volume, knocking down world prices.
      By the way, Zhdanov in your Leningrad, suffering from obesity with a sandwich spread with caviar in his hand, probably it was also difficult to understand how others swell about hunger
      1. slan
        slan 13 June 2011 20: 21 New
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        Yes, read on health to your holodomor. What are you-necrophiles only attracted to people, would be sitting on their ukroforumy. Personally, did Zhdanova observe in “my” Leningrad? Only the finished imbeciles will have the idea to remove the tonsils through the anus, and carry out the genocide, arranging hunger in rural areas. Not a single people thought of such garbage - to call hunger genocide, although many were starving. Fools are thought-rich))
    2. vladkavkaz 19 November 2015 13: 14 New
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      slan
      Chatterboxes from ukropropagandism, howl-famine, oh, famine .. yeah, then let them answer the simplest question, WHY and HOW plowed land, A) in Central Russia, B) in Ukraine and the Kuban, C) Where did the aid from Russia go, sent to Ukraine, D) how, in the Black Sea regions of Ukrainra, where in those years, fish was more than enough pain, a "hunger" was organized.
      That's when they will answer then and it is worth reading their ranting obscured by Svidomism reason.
  5. marsupial
    marsupial 13 June 2011 23: 17 New
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    In short, the famine means that the well-fed killed the hungry.
    A year before the famine, the State Department banned the whole world from foreign exchange settlements with the USSR. But he allowed the Europeans to sell equipment only for grain, at the same time there was the Great Depression in the United States and the grain was simply destroyed.
    A year after the failure of the Holodomor, the Nazi party, which did not have the means to hold a congress, suddenly received money, uniforms, flags, a seal, films, stickers, torches and other accommodating crap ... Hitler became the Fuhrer of Europe against the USSR.
    Who organized the famine and the Second World War?
    1. vladkavkaz 19 November 2015 13: 16 New
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      marsupial
      Colleague, you are absolutely right. And this fact has taken place.
  6. Forward 14 June 2011 06: 29 New
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    The Holodomor is delirious, and also Yushchenko and the company. The winners simply rewrote the story to please their loved ones. Let the supporters of this idea look at the percentage of those who died in those years by nationality. most of them are just Russians.
  7. Superduck
    Superduck 14 June 2011 13: 16 New
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    Well, I don’t believe that all this was organized against Ukrainians and immigrants from Ukraine (I think everyone knows where the Kuban Cossacks came from, though of course they haven’t considered themselves Ukrainians for a long time, and then they didn’t consider Russians, they considered themselves just Cossacks). My opinion is that there was a struggle with the class of the prosperous peasantry, which the Little Russians are famous for, is worth recognizing.
    However, the article itself resembles the famous joke "If the fish had fleas ..". Those. the logic is simple - if Stalin did not want this, then the Trotskyists did it. It reminds me of the theory of the collapse of the USSR, i.e. the CIA collapsed and only personally, very one-sided and even stupid like any one-sided one. Why it is impossible to conclude from all that has been said that it was the state management system built by Stalin that led to this (assuming that Stalin personally did not want this). Did Stalin deny the ideas of the class struggle? Did prosperous peasants be considered kindred in spirit to the Soviet proletariat. My grandmother and grandfather lived in the Belgorod region on the border in Ukraine, they personally told me how they took away how the neighbors ate the child (one of eight). And as the Komsomol families participating in food preparations received rations from those taken from their neighbors. How in the 8rd they brought bread in April when it was necessary to sow, and not when in the winter all who could still walk died. As they crawled past patrols at night to Kharkov in order to exchange clothes and valuables for the edge of bread.
    It seems to me that Stalin simply wondered when he realized that his dogs could kill everyone in order to fulfill the plan. Is it not Stalin's fault that the whole country was afraid, not under fear of losing the prize, but under the fear of 20 years of Siberia, not to fulfill this vile plan, who is to blame for this, peasants?
    You scold Yushchenko, he’s not a fool ... of course he’s the only one, only in Russia at the state level they generally preferred to keep quiet about it, there is no repentance, there are no monuments and eternal lights, nothing, but the memory of this is still alive in people, it’s not Kulikovo battle. To keep silent about this is criminal, but to keep silent only because someone decided the Stalin era to make the era of prosperity in the minds of people still stupid. These peasants are not to blame for the fact that in modern Russia there was no king steeper than Stalin.
  8. Gur
    Gur 14 June 2011 15: 17 New
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    Some kind of crap .. is there any talk about what ?? About the Holodomor, or about genocide ?? With Ukrainians, everything is clear .. they say for nothing .. "when a Jew was born a Jew burst into tears" .. they are always the worst of all .. and they alone have suffered so much as not possible .. Everyone suffered .. and there was everything .. not only the surplus appraisal .. but also squatting .. theft and harboring .. in the same Ukraine .. food was stolen and sold by neighboring states .. But how can this be organized .. you don’t have to go far .. take the 90s .. in stores a ball with a ball ... then a coup .. and for a month throughout the entire territory of the mighty and vast .. everything is full .. (probably around the clock and the cows were milked and turned into sausage) although according to the statement .. of deputies .. in the warehouses of all this was full completely .. but implementation was prohibited .. milk at dairies .. poured simply into the sewer .. FOR WHAT ?? FOR WHAT PURPOSE?? ... now probably everyone understands .. So I think it was then ...
  9. pokermen
    pokermen 18 June 2011 14: 19 New
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    Superduck
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    Indeed, they fought not according to nationality, but with the class ... it is sad that now everything has been turned upside down.

    So for general development, you can read about the Tikhoretsk Uprising of 1932 and afterwards think about Trotsky’s words: “Cossacks are the only part of the Russian nation capable of self-organization. For this reason, they must be destroyed without exception ”
    And whoever denies the very fact of Stalin’s excesses and hunger, read MA Letters. Sholokhov addressed to the leader.

    My great-grandfather with all his large family (including 9 children) was sent to northern Kazakhstan, from where only his grandfather and 3 children returned alive ..... The second great-grandfather had to destroy all documents, photos and bury family values ​​in order to be saved

    It is foolish to deny the very fact of the famine, but you need to remember ..... that people of all nationalities died and it is not worth it to single out anyone
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    1. Joker
      Joker 21 June 2011 09: 41 New
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      A stream of crap cannot color an educated person.

      Pour yourself at bedtime (you can in front of the mirror, at the same time rehearsing facial expressions) and be happy.

      I have Ukrainians in my family, but my brain is not washed.
    2. Forward 22 June 2011 10: 38 New
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      Go, dvoechnik, study history. I also found a convict. For the ruble of ambition, for a penny of ammunition
  11. dmitri077
    dmitri077 27 January 2012 02: 30 New
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    crap each other and calmed down
  12. Peter endo 16 December 2015 11: 12 New
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    I propose that the struggle of the Soviet government against pests be called the genocide of the Ukrainian people. You understand why ...