Military Review

Fire power for all occasions. Overview of combat modules and towers for cars of light and medium weight categories (3 part from 5)

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YSS DEFENSE SYSTEMS


The Turkish company Yuksel Savunma Sistemleri AS focused its efforts on internal security and border security projects and developed Roboguard. Since Roboguard is designed for stationary applications, it is not stabilized, and its azimuth angles are limited to 350 °. For two different types of response, the combat module from YSS is armed with two different types weapons, with an AK-47 machine gun, for example, for producing single warning shots in the direction of a possible invasion, or with a PKMS machine-gun for fire suppression. Later, other weapons were integrated, for example, the MG-7,62 and MAG 3-mm machine guns. Vertical shelling angles are -20 ° / + 55 °, an opto-electronic kit installed under arms includes a thermal imaging camera, a CCD camera with x12 magnification and a laser rangefinder at 2,5 km. The operator can control up to three observation and armament stations via cable, or optionally via a wireless channel; Various response modes are programmed in advance. The system of motion detection and target tracking reduces the burden on the operator; Recognition and identification of targets are improved by merging images from day and thermal imaging sensors. Dubs Roboguard has 500 7,62-mm ammunition ammunition, the mass of the system without weapons and ammunition is 85 kg.

YSS Defense Systems also produces a stabilized Yak turret, which can be armed with standard 7,62-mm and 12,7-mm machine guns and 40-mm AG, ammunition is 300 ammunition or 96 grenades. Also under armament installed opto-electronic unit; It consists of day / night optics, a laser rangefinder and a motion detection system and tracking of several targets. Also available on the market ship version of D-Yak.

Fire power for all occasions. Overview of combat modules and towers for cars of light and medium weight categories (3 part from 5)

The combat module Roboguard from the Turkish company YSS DEFENSE SYSTEMS is not stable and is intended to replace the soldiers on the watch towers




Based on Roboguard’s development experience, YSS DEFENSE SYSTEMS has developed a stabilized version of Yak that can accept 7,62-mm machine guns


Yugoimport company

This Serbian defense company developed the M09 module, armed with an 12,7-mm M87 machine gun (a Serbian version of the Soviet NSWT with a chambered chambered for 12,7 x 108 mm). The armament is fully enclosed, which provides some protection against ballistic threats and sand, dust and rain.

The opto-electronic kit on the left is also enclosed in a protective box. It consists of a daytime CCD camera with an x4 magnification, a thermal imager with an 4,6 ° field of view and an 2-km laser rangefinder. The cartridge box is installed on the right side. The M09 module is in service with the Serbian army; it is also being manufactured for unnamed foreign countries. At the beginning of 2012, Southwatch modernized its weapons, which are now available for 12,7 × 99 mm ammunition used in heavy machine guns in the West. Thus, the M09 module is now offered in a configuration in which, as in the previous model, left-handed ammunition is left.


The M09 module is manufactured by Southwest for several unnamed customers. He is armed with an 12,7-mm machine gun M87 of eastern origin, but is currently available for the western machine gun M2


PRO-OPTICA company

At the end of 2000, the Romanian manufacturer developed its RCWS-RO module and sold it to Egypt, which was installed there on Egyptian Sherpa Light 4xXNNUMX reconnaissance vehicles. With a mass of 4 kg without armament and ammunition, it includes a daily CCD camera with a magnification with horizontal fields of view from 165 ° to 1,6 ° and a two-lens thermal imaging camera with an uncooled sensor. Stabilization on one or two axes is offered as an option along with a laser rangefinder on the 42,2 or 5 km and electronic image stabilization. Also at the request of the customer can be installed ballistic protection. RCWS-RO can be armed with 10-mm, 5,56-mm or 7,62-mm machine guns of Western or Eastern origin.



The RCWS-RO module from the PRO-OPTICA company. On the right, the RCWS-RO is installed on the Romanian BTR SAUR-1 (modification BTR-80)


At the DSEI 2013 exhibition, the Romanian company showed its new module RCWS-RO-M, also known as “Anubis”. This is a gyro-stabilized platform for 7,62-mm or 12,7-mm machine guns lighter than its predecessor on 30 kg. The module is equipped with a day / night sensor kit, including a CCD camera with a 1,7 ° - 57 ° field of view and an uncooled two-lens (4 ° and 12 ° horizon) thermal imager or thermal imager with a continuous increase of 4 ° - 24 °. The thermal imaging camera provides the detection range of the vehicle 6 km and human 3 km at night (with the recognition range 2 and 1 km, respectively). The laser range finder with a range of 5 km completes the kit. Anubis can optionally be set to automatic target tracking, image stabilization and ammo counter. Pro-Optica was planning to test its module for an unnamed potential buyer in October 2013. Although the previous model RCWS-RO remains in production.

EVPV Company

In 2008, a Slovak company specializing in gyro-stabilized turn stations for a wide variety of applications showed its first tower under the designation ZSRD 07. Subsequently, it was upgraded, the current model is also based on a U-shaped platform with a sensor kit in the lower half. The 7,62-mm PKT machine gun is mounted in the upper half. Although the EVPU product is a remotely controlled combat module, it has a cover that protects from sand, dust and rain, and to some extent from bullets and shrapnel. There is also a protective cover for the sensor unit, which is lifted by the piston in the center of the unit when the ZSRD 07 module is put into operation.


ZSRD 07 module from the Slovak company EVPV


The sensor package includes an uncooled DRP-893 thermal imager with 8 ° x 16 ° field of view and x2 digital zoom, 48 ° x 36 ° Britannia viewing camera with 1XXNNX digital zoom and x18 digital zoom, and HK12 optical camera with a HK75 optical zoom system, and a set of a picture bar with a cD-card, and a set of a bar. . Laser range finder comes as an option. Three vertical smoke grenades are installed on each vertical rack. A cartridge box with 3,7 or 2,8 cartridges is located to the right of the weapon; vertical angles are -250 ° / + 450 °.

In 2012, a new version was introduced, designated ZSRD 08. He can accept 12,7-mm machine guns or 30-mm AG. It has the same thermal imager and aiming camera as in the 07 model, the survey camera was replaced by a RYS camera with a field of view from 56,4 ° x 43,4 ° to 1,7 ° x 1,3 ° with continuous zoom. The laser range finder is built into the sensor unit, its range is 5 km, although for ZSRD 08 the calculated accuracy is up to 2 km. The architecture of the system is very similar to the architecture of the lighter version, the weight of the turning system is 200 kg.

When a temporary defeat is necessary

Company RAFAEL

The Israel Defense Forces often take part in suppressing riots, so it’s not so surprising that the Israeli company Rafael developed a non-lethal version of its Samsun SDFA. The system is completely interchangeable with the Samson Mini, the combat system is converted from a lethal to a non-lethal configuration in less than two hours. On the right side, we see an ordinary sensor unit, however, a fourth window has been added to it for a blinding xenon laser with a range of 100 meters.

At the top of the module, we see an 40-mm grenade launcher with 10 ready-made grenades in the store, ranging from rubber bullets to grenades of various non-lethal actions. On the left is an acoustic device that generates low and high frequencies, with a range of about 1000 meters. At the bottom of the Samson Non-Lethal are six ready-made smoke / tear grenades with a range from 125 to 800 meters. A sniper 40-mm rifle can be installed above these grenades and under the 5,56-mm installation, providing a lethal response to the 50-meter range. The range of vertical angles of the module is from -20 ° to + 60 °, weight less than 200 kg.



Based on the Samson Mini module, Rafael developed a non-lethal module, in which the only non-lethal weaponry is a 5,56-mm sniper rifle


KONGSBERG PROTECH

Based on its M153 installation, Kongsberg developed a variant of the Protector EoF module (escalation of force) for use in asymmetric scenarios, equipped with non-lethal actuators.

The EoF variant retained the optoelectronic unit, as well as the lethal component, without which non-lethal elements lose their “respect”, but several non-lethal systems are added to it. Among them, we see a green laser with a veiling brightness, a powerful white light source, an acoustic long-range device for issuing an audible warning to the crowd or individuals in their native language as a linguist on board or recorded messages, and installing Venom 66-mm or 40-mm noise-noise grenades . The Protector EoF weighs 198 kg, including non-lethal components and additional booking, but without weapons and ammunition. Some of these non-lethal elements have already been used by the units of the US Army in theaters.



In order to extend the range of exposure, blinding lasers and loudspeakers can be added to the Protector module.


Dual schemes - between light and medium

KONGSBERG PROTECH

In order to fill the gap between the light and medium systems, Kongsberg developed a dual protected DBMS, based on the M153 module, and added additional twin weaponry in the form of a 5,56-mm or 7,62-mm machine gun mounted on the right side. The main armament of the 12,7-mm machine gun or 40-mm AG is usually located centrally above the opto-electronic unit. Four smoke grenade rigs are set up in the front. The dual Dubbed was selected for the Canadian program on a tactical TAVP vehicle and, according to Kongsberg, this configuration becomes a bestseller in many countries.



Selected for the Canadian Tactical Armored Vehicle Program, the Kongsberg Protector dual module can be armed with a small caliber machine gun as additional weaponry in addition to the main 12,7-mm or 40-mm weapons


ELBIT SYSTEMS

Elbit Systems has developed a dual DRWS (Dual Remote Weapon Station) DUBM based on its already used 12,7-mm module. The new system has retained most of the components of the former version of the combat module. The module can accept either the 12,7-mm machine gun or the 40-mm AG on the main support, and the 7,62-mm machine gun can be mounted on the second. The range remains the same, the opto-electronic kit is also from the same "single" model. The mode of "super-elevation" also allows you to separate the optical-electronic kit and weapons. Elbit Systems is looking at its portfolio on lightweight OCDs that are complete, and we don’t expect new systems to emerge in the coming years.


Dual-weapon Weapon Station from Elbit Systems can accept 40-mm AG or 12,7-mm machine guns as the main weapon and 7,62-mm machine gun as an auxiliary


Company RAFAEL

Among the dual-purpose DBMS, developed by Rafael, is a separate system, since it can also accept medium-caliber weapons, in effect, becoming the link between light and medium systems. As a rule, the main weapon is 12,7-mm or 14,5-mm machine gun or 40-mm AG, while the additional weapon is 5,56-mm or 7,62-mm machine gun.

With the Dual module, Rafael went further, as an option it can accept an 25-30-mm gun, while an additional weapon could be the 40-mm AG. Another major feature of the newest version of Dual, featuring a completely new design, is the possibility of reloading from under the armor. Another constructive innovation is the ability to replace one of two types of weapons with a new retractable dual anti-tank missile system, designed for Spike missiles in the versions MR, LR and ER. In order to match the range of 25 - 30-mm guns and anti-tank missiles in the module Dual were installed thermal imagers. Such a thermal imager was installed in the Dual module, purchased by an unnamed buyer, who chose the version with an 14,5-mm machine gun and two missiles on the left side. In June, the Samson Dual 2013 was tested by the US Marine Corps in the configuration of the 40-mm AG plus 12,7-mm machine gun.


In order to accept as the main armament a medium-caliber recoilless gun in Rafael dual DRAM DRWS, cooled thermal imagers can be installed


EOS Company

The EOS dual R-600 module can accept machine guns up to 12,7 mm, as well as 40-mm AG. With a maximum mass (curb) of 377 kg, it has the same opto-electronic kit as in the single R-200 and R-400 modules and can be supplied with the 2 Level Ballistic Protection Kit. R-600 is compatible with 25-mm and 30-mm recoilless guns. The system is currently being mass-produced by Northrop Grumman for Singapore. Over the 2000 of these DVDs will be installed on the Terrex 8x8 machines.

The R-600 module comes in two configurations: one with an 40-mm AG and a 7,62-mm machine gun, and the second has one 12,7-mm machine gun. At the end of October, 2013 company EOS announced the creation of a maintenance company in Singapore, which will be staffed by Singapore Technologies Kinetics and EOS. A new order was recently issued and deliveries are scheduled for the end of 2013 beginning of the year 2014; The new order will bring the total number of R-600 modules manufactured to more than 300 systems.



The dual R-600 module, developed by EOS, is also capable of accepting a medium caliber cannon with a small recoil. The module is in service with the Singapore Army


Company DYNAMIT NOBEL DEFENSE

In 2013, Dynamit Nobel Defense (DND) showed a new weapon system, designated Dual Fewas, which included a number of original technical solutions. Its development is mainly based on the Fewas 120, and was driven by the needs of numerous users, mostly special forces, who would like to have a safe reloading along with a weapons complex that could make passages in typical Afghan walls. Dual Fewas is the first module with the ability to install weapons of different classes - light, medium and heavy machine guns or even AG - as well as the ability to reload all weapons under armor protection. The latter unique characteristic also determines the relatively low net weight of 280 kg. Currently, the new system from Dynamit Nobel Defense can accept Minimi in 5,56 mm or 7,62 mm, MAG 58 and MG3 in 7,62 mm, M2 in 12,7 mm and 40 mm AG Mk19 and H&K. The ammunition sensor stops firing in order to be able to reload. The lifting mechanism allows you to lower the container with cartridges so that the calculation can pick up the new tape to the old one and lift it back into place - the scheme is the same for both types of weapons. Testing of the Rheinmetall RMG 12.7 machine gun with an electric drive should begin soon, the installation of which will not only reduce weight, but also get, for example, a "sniper mode" of firing.

The Dual Fewas module can also accept larger-caliber chain-driven guns. The operator has the ability in the event of an emergency to cancel the cessation of shooting due to a small remnant of ammunition. The automatic armament on the left side can be replaced with a dual launcher with Dynamit RWG 90 rockets; it is covered by a protective cover that opens during loading / unloading / reloading. The sensor unit is armored and located on the right side of the module. It consists of a conventional CCD camera, a thermal imager and a laser rangefinder. All quick-detachable blocks are located under the armor. The Dual Fewas module connects to the platform via canbus or ethernet interfaces to interface with any sensor or combat control system. Fewas Dual retained the same vertical angles -20 ° / + 60 ° as the previous model Fewas 120, plus the possibility of disconnecting the sight and weapons. The high level of uniformity has reduced the cost of the new module.

The Dual module is ready for production and Dynamit Nobel Defense is awaiting first orders. The company settled on a basic configuration with RMG 12.7 and two RGW 90 missiles. However, the future customer requested the installation of Minimi 7,62 mm and M2 7,62 mm machine guns, and the German army is showing interest in a combination of RMG 12.7 and 40 mm AG H&K ... For special forces, a solution is currently offered with an M2 machine gun and RGW 90 missiles.



The company Dynamit Nobel Defense has created a dual DBMS optimized for RGW-90 rocket launchers, which makes it possible to reload ammunition under armor protection.


RAYTHEON Company

The BattleGuard system forms its own category; it is based on an optoelectronic panoramic container from Raytheon standing, among other things, on tanks Abrams and BMP Bradley. Thus, it is the main module of the system, which is obtained by installing BattleGuard between the car and the panoramic container.

The system is proposed as an inexpensive solution with a slight revision - a combat module is installed on the tanks and infantry fighting vehicles of the American army, based on a commanding independent surveillance device. Installation BattleGuard modular and can take two types of weapons at once, from a machine gun or a grenade launcher to recoilless guns. Alternatively, you can install Raytheon missiles and non-lethal weapons. It is assumed that the system will be able to adopt such weapons, such as, for example, M249, M240, M2, Mk47, Mk19, M134, M230LF, TOW, Javelin, Griffin and Stinger.



Raytheon’s modular BattleGuard system used the commander’s existing panoramic sight and transformed it into a combat module with one or two weapons.


SAAB Company

DUBM Trackfire, created by Saab, has a modular design and can be configured either as a single or as a dual system - modularity, which allows you to have a certain flexibility not only in the choice of Western weapons, but also Eastern European ones. The main armament ranges from the typical 12,7mm M2 machine gun and 12,7mm heavy machine gun or 40mm H&K AG, to the ATK LW25 Ghain Gun with a double feed, firing 25 x 59mm ammunition. However, a "mirror" version of the Trackfire is also offered for the Russian machine gun 12,7 x 108 mm NSV, the receiving window of which is located on the right side. The latter can be armed with an auxiliary machine gun 7,62 x 54 PKM. In the standard version, MAG58 7,62 x 51 mm machine guns or M249 5,56 mm machine guns are installed.

Depending on the configuration, the net weight of the Trackfire is approximately 250 kg, the typical ammunition for the machine gun M2 12,7 mm is 400 ammunition. The guidance unit is constantly stabilized by the Saab gyroscope, while the sighting line has independent stabilization. The sensor unit is completely disconnected from the support and, therefore, isolated from the shock and recoil forces acting on the weapon. Both types of weapons are synchronized with a stabilized sighting line for simultaneous capture in elevation, which allows you to accompany constantly illuminated targets with a laser, while the fire control computer automatically adjusts the ballistic decision in real time.

The Trackfire architecture has incorporated the experience gained by Saab with the BM XV 90 BMP fire control system. The weapon and sensor unit can have vertical angles –25 ° / + 60 °, while the sensor unit can move in azimuth in the ± 15 ° sector. The video tracking module is also part of the SLA; Trackfire is able to fire in motion.

Today, at the end of 2011, Saab received a limited contract from ATK for the integration of the LW25 Chain Gun (the end user is the US government), and a year later from the Finnish fleet 12 Trackfire modules plus options. The Saab module should be installed on the new Watercat M18 AMC multi-purpose high-speed landing craft, which are scheduled for delivery in 2014-2016. The Finnish fleet chose the option armed with 12,7 mm NSV and 7,62 mm PKM, but the main armament will be replaced by a 40 mm automatic grenade launcher. The Trackfire module with a 25-mm ATK gun was also exhibited at the DSEI 2013 on the Patria New Vehicle Concept experimental machine with the non-lethal VENOM V1040 system, located under the twin machine gun.




Saab's Trackfire module is available for western and eastern machine guns and can also accept medium-caliber guns with low recoil forces.


Infantry fighting force

Medium-caliber rendered weapon systems allow, while maintaining the caliber and ammunition, to further reduce weight due to the lack of armor around the gun. This solution provides good firepower for those machines that can not withstand a mass of uninhabited or habitable towers, but makes the system unprotected from the weather and enemy threats.

BAE SYSTEMS

Introduced in the middle of 2010, the South African branch of the company, the TRT (Tactical Remote Turret) combat remote-controlled tower was released in several versions with different weapons of caliber from 20 mm to 30 mm.

The first version of the TRT-B25 is armed with a M25 Bushmaster ATK 242-mm double-feed cannon and a M7,62 twin machine gun 240. The optical-electronic kit, mounted under the gun, includes a typical day / night sight and a laser range finder in range corresponding to the range of the gun; The choice of specific devices is determined by the preferences of the customer. TRT provides good protection for the main weapon and coaxial machine gun located at the top right. At the rear, the two feed trays are not completely protected from sand and dust. All housings also provide standard ballistic protection 1 level and at the request of the customer 2 level. With two ribbons of 130 shells for the cannon and with 1000 cartridges for a machine gun, the total weight of the TRT-25 is 900 kg. The fully stabilized TRT tower has electromechanical drives; Vertical guidance angles are –10 ° / + 65 °, which is optimal for urban conditions.




The TRT tower was developed by BAE's South African branch and is currently available in 25-mm and 30-mm configurations, each also divided into versions for western and eastern cannons.


The man-machine interface is common to all variants, the control device is a “game boy” type control handle with automatic tracking and manual target locking and an 10.4 touchscreen LCD display in the car. The TRT tower is controlled by one operator. The standard cradle can accept the gun ATK M230 with a small recoil, shooting 30 x 113 mm ammunition, while for a larger Mk44 Bushmaster shooting 30 x 173 mm projectiles, a large cradle is needed that turns the model into TRT-N30, where N means NATO.

With an eye to Africa and the Middle East, BAE Systems presented the TRN-R2012 (R-Russia) version of 30, armed with an 30-mm 2A42 and a twin PKT machine gun, in the autumn of 7,62. A further development is the TRT-R30M (X) model, which also carries two Competition missiles. Since they were installed on both sides of the gun in the lower position, the opto-electronic unit was moved to the right side of the tower. With all the options, the mass TRT can reach 1800 kg.

The TRT tower has not yet found its first customer, but BAE Systems has a large demonstration program. The tower was tested in the United Arab Emirates in March 2013, and in 2014, the company plans to conduct firing from the TRT-R30 tower in Europe.



The Lemur module, armed with an 12,7-mm machine gun and originally developed by Bofors (now part of BAE Systems), can accept guns with a small rollback of caliber to 30 mm


There is another mid-caliber tower in the BAE Systems catalog, this time from northern Europe. The Lemur module was developed by Bofors, currently the Swedish branch of the company. Lemur is a fully modular system, installed centrally on a stabilized base, to which additional modules are added. The company offers 25-mm cannon with dual power ATK M242 and 30-mm cannon with chain drive M230LF also from ATK. To the right of the gun can be mounted machine guns caliber 7,62 mm or 5,56 mm. The main cannon has at least 125 ready-made ammunition, the total combat weight of the system is about 450 kg for the M242 gun and 350 kg for the M230LF gun.

However, the mass may vary depending on the customer’s choice regarding optocouplers and optional additional components, for example, fire control in the case of installing 40-mm AG, search and percussion capabilities with the addition of independent periscope, smoke grenade launchers, etc. d. Various options are also available in the fire control system, such as a video tracking device, automatic control mode, digital image processing, integration into the battle control systems and navigation systems, and embedded modeling. The new version of the 30-mm module Lemur mass 350 kg, among other things, will also include an independent line of sight.
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Articles from this series:
Fire power for all occasions. Overview of combat modules and towers for cars of light and medium weight categories (1 part from 5)
Fire power for all occasions. Overview of combat modules and towers for cars of light and medium weight categories (2 part from 5)
Fire power for all occasions. Overview of combat modules and towers for cars of light and medium weight categories (3 part from 5)
Fire power for all occasions. Overview of combat modules and towers for cars of light and medium weight categories (4 part from 5)
Fire power for all occasions. Overview of combat modules and towers for cars of light and medium weight categories (5 part from 5)
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  1. cosmos111
    cosmos111 4 June 2014 09: 36
    +1
    excellent articles Alex Alexeev ... evil takes only from the fact that we are not something like that .... not mass-produced ....
    although probably there is a DBM in the development ...

    DBM with dual armament 40-mm AG and 12,7-mm, ideal armament for our "TIGERS" and "TYPHOONS" .....
  2. Nonik
    Nonik 4 June 2014 10: 59
    +2
    From our developments, a robotic complex is being tested for guarding strategic missile forces. It has long been news. We have everything ...
  3. rudolff
    rudolff 4 June 2014 13: 01
    +4
    Strange, there is not a single sample of the module completely covered by an armored casing. Optics, thermal imaging arrays, servos, ammunition supply mechanisms - everything is either completely open or covered purely symbolically. You don’t need to aim too much, a long line from a machine gun and you’ll get somewhere. Maybe I'm wrong of course, but it looks very vulnerable.
    1. voyaka uh
      voyaka uh 4 June 2014 14: 00
      +4
      Imagine how many times a full body armor increases weight
      installation. It turns out a small tank tower. For her rotations
      need powerful electric motors. For the tower you need a combat vehicle
      to mount a strong (and also massive) shoulder strap. BTR turns
      into a light tank.
      And since the fire modules are universal: you want to put on the car, you want
      on the roof of the bunker, you want a boat.
      1. ICT
        ICT 4 June 2014 17: 04
        +2
        the second part ....., as I understand it, it all depends on the requirements of the customer,
        if you want cheaper, here you are, more expensive and more reliable, too, please (the picture from the second part, I agree in one such as it protects from weather conditions at least)
    2. MolGro
      MolGro 4 June 2014 16: 12
      +2
      how not there is ours on the tiger)
      And then the bourgeois advertisement !!
      1. ICT
        ICT 4 June 2014 17: 09
        +1
        Quote: MolGro
        how not there is ours on the tiger)


        http://topwar.ru/34997-tri-boevyh-modulya-dlya-bronevika-tigr.html
      2. The Art of War
        The Art of War 4 June 2014 22: 12
        +1
        Ours is still standing at the RBM!
  4. Aaron Zawi
    Aaron Zawi 4 June 2014 13: 10
    +4
    Great visibility and beautifully illustrated.
  5. rudolff
    rudolff 4 June 2014 14: 17
    +3
    Voyaka uh, in relation to light armored vehicles, such as armored vehicles, I agree. A full reservation of the module remote control will overload the whole machine. But if we talk about armored personnel carriers, infantry fighting vehicles, I don’t see any problems. In any case, it will not be harder than the traditional inhabited tower, and combat stability will increase.
    1. voyaka uh
      voyaka uh 4 June 2014 23: 08
      +1
      For BMP and TBTR - yes, you are right. Uninhabited towers are the future.
      But tank manufacturers are already engaged in their design.
      And now the hot pie is to remove the machine gunner from the turret. It hurts so much
      this is an unpleasant post. Here are dozens of firms and rushed "into battle" :)
  6. Kronos
    Kronos 4 June 2014 15: 30
    +2
    The development of combat modules will continue to be at a high level in all developed military-technical countries! (After all, installing such a complex on a lightly armored vehicle gives it more opportunities in detecting and hitting targets).
  7. ICT
    ICT 4 June 2014 17: 24
    0
    this series of articles is not enough, real test videos directly from cars, both day and night (since there are almost all thermal imagers there)

    all that I found, such as Bendera
  8. AARP
    AARP 5 June 2014 07: 58
    0
    If you think about it, then all these optoelectronic devices can be knocked out by a banal queue of a large person to "fool" around the body. If I am wrong, I will accept the whole wave of criticism firmly, as befits a sailor of the Soviet Navy.