Fire power for all occasions. Overview of combat modules and towers for cars of light and medium weight categories (2 part from 5)
The modules of this company originate in the South African branch of the company. The lightest of them is SD-Row, this acronym means Self Defense Remotely Operated Weapon (remotely controlled weapons for self-defense). Western machine guns of 5,56 and 7,62 mm calibers were installed on this module, for example, M249 and Mini SS and M240, MAG-58, MG3 and SS-77. He was recently shown with a PKN 7,62-mm machine gun from the eastern block with ammunition feed on the right side. Affordable, lightweight and easy to use, especially on smaller machines, the SD-Row module weighs roughly 75 kg, including 200 ammunition and ammunition. For aiming it has a day camera; laser range finder and infrared camera available as an option. Stabilization of the system allows you to capture targets in motion, the transfer speed is 100 ° / s. The angle of vertical guidance reaches 85 °, the standard angles in azimuth are ± 135 °, a full rotation of the module on 360 ° is available on request.
The second system, called Overhead Manual Turret (remote manual tower), a member of the BAE Systems light tower family, was introduced at DSEI 2009. It is currently offered as a modular product, to which various systems can be added to produce a “top-end” product. The main improvement is the installation of an electric horizontal guidance (saved manual backup branch), which allows you to quickly identify and fire at the target. Day and night sensors were replaced with more advanced options, the thermal camera was supplied by Thales Canada, and the sensor set was kept expandable to meet customer requirements. The target identification range day and night exceeds 1 km, the laser rangefinder has a range of 2,5 km. The ballistic solution is displayed on the operator’s display. The operator has a direct wagon train through seven episcopes located at the bottom of the tower, although the eighth large bishop provides a frontal viewing angle of 45 °.
Vertical angles from -10 ° to + 45 ° are provided by a handwheel on the left; The aiming function has a duplicate function in the form of a collimator sight, not calibrated with 500 meters for use in case of failure of optical-electronic sensors. Overhead Manual Turret can accept 7,62-mm and 12,7-mm machine guns and 40-mm AG; 4 smoke grenade installations are installed on each side of the tower. Combat weight varies from 500 to 550 kg in accordance with the optional systems and installed weapons. The system is fully developed and ready for production, BAE Systems will begin the first deliveries through 6 months after receiving the order. According to the company, the main quality is that it is “less expensive compared to DBMS”.
BAE Systems recently upgraded its Overhead Manual Turret single-seat tower by adding an electric spin; This single turret is an inexpensive solution, although it is somewhat heavier than the DBMS
The single turret OMT from BAE Systems is armed with a FN MAG machine gun and mounted on a light machine 4x4; it provides an arrow not only a direct overview, but also has an opto-electronic kit
South African company Reutech has developed a light turret, which can accept the already familiar 7,62-mm and 12,7-mm machine guns and 40-mm AG. Armament is currently installed in the so-called Multiple Cradle Land Rogue. The list includes three 7,62-mm machine guns, the South African Vektor SS-77, the Belgian FN MAG and Russian PCM, the 12,7-mm Browning M2 machine gun and the 40-mm AG from Denel. Rifles can also be mounted to defeat the material of caliber 20 mm × 82 mm, for example Denel LS NTW 20, this requirement was put forward by one South African customer. Interestingly, when installing the PKM machine gun, the magazine remains on the left, while the ammunition supply tray passes over the machine gun for feeding on the right side. Reutech offers an optoelectronic kit that includes a dual-field daytime CCD sight (the customer can choose a cooled or uncooled thermal imager), although a laser rangefinder is available as an option. It has an automatic tracking system, and the declination and elevation angles are quite large, respectively -40 ° and + 60 °, which is very useful in urban warfare and / or for installation on ships. This module is in service with the South African Special Forces; The 54 system was supplied to Malaysia through Denel for installation on the AV8 8 × 8 BTR. They are armed with an 12,7-mm machine gun and 76-mm smoke grenade installations are installed at the base of the module. At the moment, it is the only weapon qualified for this installation (7,62-mm machine gun and 40-mm AG undergo comprehensive tests).
Model Sea Rogue is also in service with the South African Navy and the Coast Guard UAE. The Browning M2 version of the machine gun is known as Land Rogue or Sea Rogue. In this case, the armament is enclosed in a casing, which provides protection only from adverse environmental conditions and helps to avoid delays due to sand, dust, salt water, etc.
A hybrid tower with rockets and a machine gun is also part of the Reutech portfolio. The module was named Missile Rogue, it contains a Browning 12,7-mm machine gun to protect the vehicle, and the main armament is Denel Ingwe anti-tank missiles or Thales LMM laser-guided missiles. The azimuth angles are limited to ± 150 °, the vertical angles are –10 ° / + 40 °. The module can accept up to 4 rockets and a machine gun with 100 ammunition ammunition, the total mass will be less than 500 kg.
To increase the range, the Leo-III-HD surveillance system from Carl Zeiss (now Cassidian) is offered, which includes the 50-Hz thermal imager Attica Z 640-2 MW with progressive scan and 50-Hz multispectral multispectral camera with zoom, and as an option eye-safe laser range finder. The Missile Rogue module was tested by Ireland’s Reutech, Cassidian SA and Thales companies, but the program was frozen before the missile launches due to the delay in finding a potential buyer.
South African company Reutech has developed Land Rogue for 12,7-mm armament with protection against rain and dust. An open multi-tiered option is also available.
The Samson family of the Israeli company RAFAEL includes two lightweight members of the Samson Junior and the Samson Mini. The Samson Junior module with a superstructure mass from 75 to 100 kg is the lightest and can accept 7,62-mm or 5,56-mm machine guns, as well as sniper rifles or non-lethal weapons. A magazine for 400 or 600 ammunition, depending on the caliber, greatly enhances the fire power of light armored vehicles.
The larger Samson Mini module delivers the firepower of the Israeli-based chassis Namer BMP tank Merkava 4. It can accept machine guns of calibres from 5,56 mm to 12,7 mm and even a 40 mm grenade launcher. Replacing one weapons on the other simple and fast, because they all have the same cradle (support frame).
This, however, is not true for the newest Samson Mini with a KPVT 14,5-mm machine gun, manufactured for an unnamed buyer. Indeed, the company Rafael to withstand the heavy machine gun and its strong impact modified the design and some actuators. Opto-electronic sensors are installed in an armored container on the right, while optional booking can be installed ahead of the weapon itself to provide ballistic protection. Of course, this increases the mass of the system to 200 kg without weapons and ammunition. The Samson Mini module of the Israeli army is stabilized and has additional reservations (adds 50 kg) to protect the sighting unit, front cradle and actuators. The modules are manufactured by the American company Marvin Land Systems, thanks to the program of arms sales abroad and assembled at the Rafael plant in Haifa. This enterprise produces all the other versions of the Samson Mini modules. Thousands of modules are in service with at least 13 countries, one of Colombia’s last customers with its newest LAV III 8 × 8 machine. Most of them, however, have no additional reservations.
Samson Mini is also the executive element of Sentry Tech, a chain of long-term fire installations connected by an optical cable to a remote command post, each structure at the top is equipped with a turret. Security and information sensors are integrated into the system; it is proposed to protect the perimeter of the bases.
The Israeli company Rafael has developed a family of light and medium-sized modules of the Samson family. Pictured above is the Samson Mini on the assembly line of the Haifa plant
ISRAEL MILITARY INDUSTRIES
IMI’s portfolio does not include super-lightweight systems; all models are capable of accepting 7,62-mm or 12,7-mm machine guns. The first developed system was the Wave 100, which is no longer produced.
Currently, there are two systems in production: one for western weapons, the second for eastern weapons. The Wave 200 module can accept 7,62mm and 12,7mm machine guns with left-hand belt feed, and it can also accept 40mm Heckler & Koch AG. This additional characteristic increases the weight of the bare system to 170 kg and adds a little headroom. The optoelectronic unit on the right side includes a daytime camera with magnification, a thermal imager and a laser rangefinder. The set of sensor components can be chosen by the customer. DUBM from IMI is equipped with functions of image stabilization and improvement, motion registration and target tracking. Additional options include enhanced ballistic protection, reporting / digital recording systems, a built-in simulator, cooled thermal imagers to increase the recognition and identification range of targets, an enemy fire detection system and automatic transfer to a threat source, the ability to connect to combat information and control systems. The weapon module can be equipped with a standard cartridge box or two cartridge boxes to increase firepower.
The Wave 300 module is specifically designed for automatic armament of Eastern European origin.
Compared to the Wave 300, the Wave 200 module is slightly taller and heavier, since it can accept not only medium-caliber machine guns, but also 40-mm automatic rocket launchers
The architecture of the Wave 300 module is different in that it is equipped with weapons of a different type, either 7,62-mm PCT or 12,7-mm NSWT. This Soviet-era weapon has a supply of ammunition on the right, and therefore the opto-electronic unit has been moved to the left side. The characteristics of the Wave 300 are similar to those of other modules. Wave 300 weighs only 150 kg without weapons and ammunition thanks to a more compact sensor unit and a more advanced base.
Both versions of the Wave 200 and 300 are already in service, the latter is the subject of a potentially lucrative contract. IMI is already ready to organize technology transfer and local production in cooperation with national industry. It is worth noting that the 300 model was developed in several special configurations in order to meet the requirements of customers, one of which received the Wave 350 designation. Another Wave 400 model under development is at the prototype stage, it will combine the capabilities of the 200 and 300 variants capable of accepting Western and Eastern weapons. At the same time, two different versions will still be necessary due to the different paths of the supply of ammunition, but a high level of uniformity will be maintained.
A very specific system, developed by IMI, is Bright Arrow, which combines the capabilities of an anti-aircraft engine with the capabilities of the Iron Fist active protection complex. The sensors installed in the module, radiofrequency, thermal imagers and CCD cameras not only allow actuating direct and indirect actuators of the Iron Fist complex, but also provide full situational awareness to the crew of the vehicle. The system can be installed on lightweight machines, since its total mass is only 250 kg.
Two light anti-aircraft guns are part of an Israeli company’s portfolio, the first are machine guns of caliber up to 7,62 mm, the second can receive machine guns of calibers from 5,56 mm to 12,7 mm and 40-mm rocket launchers. Both modules are fully stabilized and have a complete set of sensors. The heavier module also has two-axis stabilization, manual duplication, automatic tracking of the target, and ultra-high vertical angles for decoupling the optical unit and weapons. The variant with the 12,7-mm machine gun was chosen by Austria to be installed on its Iveco DV LMV 4x4 light armored vehicles. The total mass of 7,62-mm SDM is less than 150 kg with weapons and ammunition for 690 cartridges. The number of cartridges at the request of the customer can be increased to 1150.
In addition to Israeli assets, Elbit Systems has a subsidiary in Brazil, Aeroespacial e Defensa Ltda (Ares), which also produces combat modules. This company has developed a lightweight Remax module for installing the 7,62-mm MAG machine gun and the Browning HB M12,7 2-mm machine gun. The system is fully stabilized. Servos of vertical guidance are located on the right, and on the left side there is a cartridge box and a sensor unit that allows detecting and identifying targets according to NATO standards at five and one kilometer, respectively. Remax is installed on a cylindrical base to increase the height to bypass the protruding parts of the machine and to increase the angle of declination to -10 °. Four smoke grenade installations are mounted to the base. The maximum mass of the system is 200 kg. Ares received two good contracts in September and October 2012, worth 40 million dollars for an unspecified number of systems to install on the Guarani 6x6 Brazilian army.
Mid Gauge OAK from Elbit Systems. The module has a mode of "ultra-high angles" and the function of automatic tracking of the target.
The 12.7 OAK from Elbit Systems was chosen by the Austrian army to be installed on the Iveco DV LMV 4x4 machine; in this configuration it also has smoke grenade launchers
The electronics company Finmeccanica is currently promoting its Enforcer II SDM, a fully stabilized system capable of accepting 7,62-mm and 12,7-mm machine guns and 40-mm AG. The mass of the system above the roof is 156 kg without weapons and ammunition. Standard ammunition consists of 500, 200 and 32 shells, respectively, a larger capacity cartridge case increases these numbers to 800, 400 and 96 shells. The Enforcer II is equipped with a Selex Staws optical-electronic observation and aiming unit located to the right of the weapon. It includes 1 / 3 "color CCD camera, uncooled thermal imager with 320 × 240 matrix with narrow (4 ° x3 °) and wide (12 ° x9 °) fields of view. At night, it is possible to detect a vehicle at a distance of 5 km and identification on 1 km, while in the daytime these figures increase respectively to 7,5 km and 1,6 km. Laser rangefinder is added as an option, as well as an option are added extra-large elevation angles for shooting from the AH, the maximum elevation angle is 60 °.
Options for the module include ballistic protection, ammunition counter, remote arming, digital magnetic compass, GPS and target positioning. A standard thermal imager can be replaced with an uncooled thermal imager with an 640x480 matrix.
Selex ES still produces the modules of the previous Enforcer model with a slightly smaller 139 kg mass. The main difference is in the elevation angles, the electric drive provides only –10 ° / + 45 °, and the elevation angle + 60 ° can only be obtained in manual mode. At one time, the Enforcer was the licensed version of the Rafael Samson Mini module, adapted in large quantities by the British army for its Challenger II, Bulldog, Panther and Ridgeback machines.
Company OTO MELARA
This Italian company is active for the most part in the field of medium-caliber systems. Its Hitrole Light combat module was first deployed at the end of 2012, when the first Iveco DV Lince 4x4 light armored vehicles entered service with the Italian contingent in Afghanistan. The system is equipped with the Selex ES Mini Colibri opto-electronic unit, which has three visual channels, an uncooled thermal imaging camera, a camera with a magnification of 2,4 ° - 46 ° and an optional camera with a narrow field of view. Optional laser rangefinder with a range of 4 km and a digital compass allow you to aim the module at short and medium distances.
Oto Melara recently tested its Hitrole Light module on Russian Tiger 4x4 armored vehicles
A touch set, or rather a thermal imager, allows you to determine a recent violation of the upper soil layer, which may indicate an established explosive device. In addition, the registration system allows you to record everything that happens around. Italy bought the 81 module for Lince machines and more 40 for the Orso demining machines from the Iveco DV of the Italian army. Another 8 modules Hitrole Light were acquired by Italy as part of a program to protect their forces and installed at the posts for the protection of forward bases in Afghanistan.
At the Russia Arms Expo 2013 exhibition in Nizhny Tagil, the Hitrole Light module was shown on the Tiger multi-purpose machine. The DUBM was modified to adopt Russian-made weapons, and more specifically, 7,62-mm PKT and 12,7-mm NSWT. For this automatic weapon supply of ammunition is conducted on the right, the opto-electronic unit is moved to the left side. The customer was supplied with two modules, refined for Eastern European weapons, and in November 2013 were tested. The company Oto Melara has in its portfolio a heavier Hitrole module for installation on armored personnel carriers, its reloading is carried out inside the machine under armor protection.
Tandem company PANHARD and SAGEM
Renault Trucks Defense (RTD) appeared on the market of combat modules as a result of the purchase of Panhard, thus Panhard-Sagem joint development modules were in the RTD portfolio, Sagem retains the status of co-contractor and supplier of optical-electronic devices. At the moment, the French army remains the only buyer of the first product Wasp (Weapon under Armor for Self Protection - weapons under armor for self-defense), released on the market. 100 of such modules were installed on light armored VBL and PVP vehicles, most of which were brought from Afghanistan to France. The lightweight Wasp module can accept not only the AN F1 machine gun, but also the MAG 58. With a machine gun, 200 ammunition and the Wasp sighting unit weighs approximately 60 kg. A marine version of the Sea Wasp was also developed.
Based on their experience, the then Panhard-Sagem group developed a heavier SDM for the 12,7-mm machine gun. The module received the name Hornet and its layout was shown at the Eurosatory 2012 exhibition. The system can be installed 40-mm AG, and its combat weight is estimated at 150 kg. This is without the optional Galix smoke grenade installations and 2-4 Ballistic protection levels. Hornet has a vertical angle of –20 ° / + 60 °, the touch kit consists of a Sagem thermal imager with an 9 ° field of view and a daytime color camera with an 12 ° field of view. According to the latest information, the Hornet module remained in the form of a prototype.
Panhard and Sagem developed the Wasp lightweight remote control system, which was adapted for the French army
Over the past few years, this Turkish manufacturer of combat vehicles has developed a series of light towers and an anti-aircraft defense aircraft. The company is active not only in the development of towers and modules, but also of optical-electronic systems, since it regards them as the main components of a fire control system, regardless of caliber and type of weapon system.
Let's start with the easy bosok system. This stabilized DOUBLE weighs 85 kg without weapons and ammunition, it is able to accept a 7,62-mm machine gun with 200 cartridges. The Bosok module can be equipped with a sensor unit of increased complexity and cost. The basic equipment includes a white light to the left of the weapon and a daylight camera mounted under the machine gun. A day / night sighting system with an uncooled thermal imager and a CCD camera are installed based on customer requirements, and a laser rangefinder is also offered as an option. The Bosok module was introduced in the middle of the 2013 year and is currently ready for production.
The Keskin module in the company directory has been around for several years. This unstabilized weapon station can accept 7,62-mm and 12,7-mm machine guns and 40-mm AG. The sensor unit includes an uncooled thermal imager, daytime CCD camera and a laser range finder. The module supplied with Otokar vehicles has been in service with many customers for many years. Also available with 14,5 mm KPVT machine gun.
The unstabilized Keskin module from Otokar allows firing from under the armor of a stationary vehicle. Good solution with limited budget
Otokar's Basok module is designed for light armored vehicles and can be armed with 7,62-mm machine guns.
The single tower Bozok was developed by Otokar as an inexpensive solution for 6x6 configuration vehicles, including armored personnel carriers
Among the lightweight systems developed by Turkish Otokar, the Ucok module is by far the most advanced. Its super-elevation parameters and other advanced modes are included in its fire control unit.
For consumers looking for a premium product, Otokar has developed the Ucok module, which can be armed with the same types of Western weapons as Keskin, but is fully stabilized. With a mass of 261 kg without weapons and ammunition, the Ucok module is distinguished by an independent aiming block, which allows it to have very large vertical guidance angles up to 70 ° when shooting from AG or have a non-threatening appearance in peacekeeping operations. The optical-electronic unit installed under arms includes an uncooled thermal imager with two fields of view, a CCD camera and a laser range finder. According to the company Otokar, she pays great attention to the development of ammunition supply systems for 40-mm AG, especially Mk19, in order to avoid delays. The Ucok module is equipped with a complete set of smoke grenade installations. Otokar has recently completed the qualification phase and the Ucok module is currently ready for production.
Let us return to the Bozok 12.7 MKT, a single turret armed with light machine guns of caliber 7,62 mm or 12,7 mm. The current version is a completely new design of the previous MKT tower, exported for many years. Otokar has developed this new product because it sees the specific needs of the customer in this configuration. Bozok 12.7 MKT is a non-stabilized tower with manual drives. Day / night sighting system is placed in a rectangular container, connected to the installation of weapons. Laser rangefinder is offered as an option, and the tower has a digital architecture of the SLA. The backward hatch allows the shooter to have a direct view, while the periscopes on the sides provide situational awareness when the hatch is closed, the Shooter has 3 Level armor protection. The dimensions of the tower and the level of protection increase its weight to 770 kg without ammunition and weapons. These figures allow to compare manned solutions with uninhabited towers and modules mentioned in this article, a large mass gives the advantage of reloading from inside the machine. Bozok 12.7 MKT was sold to several unnamed countries. For the closed program, two other variants of the Bozok 40AGL MKT and Bozok 20 MKT were also developed.
The main player in the defense electronics market in Turkey, Aselsan, has developed several remotely controlled systems for ground-based machines and marine applications. The Sarp Stabilized Platform (Stabilized Advanced Remote Weapon Platform) is based on a U-shaped support and can accept 7,62-mm or 12,7-mm machine guns whether 40-mm AG. The optical-electronic container is installed under the arms and standardly includes an uncooled thermal imager, a daytime CCD camera and a laser range finder. Sarp weighs about 160 kg without weapons and ammunition, it is installed on light vehicles and provides good fire capabilities even in urban environments and mountainous areas, as it has a maximum elevation angle of 60 °. The module was shown in 2011 year and is currently being mass-produced for an unnamed customer.
Sarp Stabilized Platform from ASELSAN
Stabilized Stamp Module from ASELSAN
Another system from Aselsan is a stabilized Stamp module, which can accept such weapons, but completely enclosed in a protective casing. The casing was included in the design due to the intention to offer a Stamp module for marine applications. The two-axis stabilized system weighs about 225 kg over the deck without weapons and ammunition; for 12,7-mm machine gun ammunition is 200 cartridges. The opto-electronic unit is installed on the right side of the tower; the shape of this unit, as well as the protective cover for armament, has a minimum effective reflection area — another characteristic of marine solutions.
- Alex Alexeev
- Fire power for all occasions. Overview of combat modules and towers for cars of light and medium weight categories (1 part from 5)
Fire power for all occasions. Overview of combat modules and towers for cars of light and medium weight categories (2 part from 5)
Fire power for all occasions. Overview of combat modules and towers for cars of light and medium weight categories (3 part from 5)
Fire power for all occasions. Overview of combat modules and towers for cars of light and medium weight categories (4 part from 5)
Fire power for all occasions. Overview of combat modules and towers for cars of light and medium weight categories (5 part from 5)
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