The ideas of socialism in the world did not die, and, adapting to the new realities of the 21st century, attract supporters, expanding their social base. The participants of the forum in Mexico stated that the existing social relations do not correspond to the new stage of the technological development of mankind and this gives rise to deep contradictions. A way out of this crisis can only be the formation of a new post-capitalist society.
From 28 April to 3 in May, the First International Congress of Advanced Science (The First International Congress of Advanced Science) was held in Mexico, devoted to the study of the prospects for human development in the 21st century. In its course, prominent scientists from different countries exchanged the results of their research on the prospects for the social development of society, taking into account the latest achievements of modern science and technology.
The congress was attended by scientists from eight countries: Mexico, Venezuela, Germany, Russia, Brazil, Cuba, China and Norway. Russia was represented at this event by the author of this article. Each of the speakers was given up to 30 minutes for the actual performance, followed by a 15 – 30 minute discussion. The reports were held in the native language of the speaker with the translation into English and Spanish - the main languages of the congress.
Organizationally and materially, this event was supported by a number of leading scientific centers of the world, including Autonomous Metropolitan University of Mexico (Universidad Autnoma Metropolitana - UAM), Autonomous University of Pueblo, Center for the Economy of Shanghai (CESS), Shanghai University of Finance and Economics (SUFE). , Working University of Mexico, Center for Economic and Social Development and Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS). Participants of the event were taken in the Congress of the State of Mexico, located in the city of Toluca de Lerdo.
The congress proceeded in three stages. The first - the main, worked at the Autonomous University of Pueblo. Here in the historic conference hall of the university for two days held the main part of the event. All participants took the floor and the final resolution was adopted. The second phase, lasting one day, took place in Mexico City, at the Workers' University of Mexico. Here, before the leaders of the labor movement and the trade unions of the country, the congress participants spoke on applied problems of the prospects for the social development of modern society, the specifics of the modern geopolitical and political situation in the world. Of particular interest was the presentation by the representative of our country on the situation in Ukraine, on the position and role of Russia, the United States and other EU countries in the Ukrainian crisis. During the third stage, a meeting was held in the Congress of the State of Mexico, in the city of Toluca de Lerdo, with deputies and leaders of the left parties of Mexico. During their speeches, the participants focused on the discussion of the geopolitical and political situation in the world. At the same time, again, the Ukrainian topic was of great interest.
Among the most interesting posts is a series of speeches by a fairly representative delegation from China. This is primarily a report by the head of the delegation, Dr. Cheng Enfu, on the importance of democracy for the evolution of humanity. In it, he argues that in the post-industrial era, without the broad involvement of the masses in practical politics, the progressive development of mankind is impossible. This is determined, in his opinion, by the fact that the social construction of modernity is so difficult that it is practically impossible to ensure effective management of this process without the participation of all segments of the population.
Interesting was the presentation of Professor Yaomei Jin, in which he examined the differences and similarities between market and socialism with Chinese characteristics. He showed the significance for the Chinese phenomenon of the combination of planned and market approaches in the country's economy, the importance for the successful development of China of a high level of government influence in a market economy.
The report of Professor Haokin Ding (Xiaoqin Ding) on the problems of corporate social responsibility in the comparison of public and private enterprises in China caused great interest.
The representative of Brazil, Dr. Ronaldo Gomes Carmona (Ronaldo Gomes Carmona) from the University of São Paulo made a very interesting report "Brazilian geopolitical project in the XXI century." In it, he analyzed in detail the modern geopolitics of the United States in the zone of South America and the South Atlantic in historical retrospective, as well as changes in the geopolitical balance of power in Europe and Asia. He particularly emphasized the importance of BRICS as a community of leaders of the leading non-Western civilization centers of the world. Against this background, he substantiated the geopolitical strategy of Brazil in the first half of the XNUMXst century. He identified three areas as the main priorities of this strategy: eastern, northeastern and northern.
Efforts in the eastern direction are focused on the development of relations with the countries of West Africa in order to form on this basis a South Atlantic zone of Brazilian influence. Actions in the north-eastern direction consist in developing relations with the BRICS countries, in particular with Russia. The northern direction of the application of the geopolitical efforts of Brazil is to develop allied relations with the countries of the Caribbean, primarily with Venezuela and Cuba, in order to curb US activity in the South American direction.
In general, Dr. Ronaldo Gomez Carmona outlined the priorities of the military-technical policy of Brazil in connection with the geopolitical project outlined, highlighting the development of the Navy, which in the medium term must adopt new nuclear submarines and aircraft carriers.
The presentation of Venezuelan ex-minister of economics in the government of Hugo Chávez Filippo Perez Marti (Felipe Prez Marti) “Opportunities and limits of development strategies - socialism in Latin America: the experience of Hugo Chávez in Venezuela” dedicated to a detailed analysis of the economic problems of modern Venezuela and their causes was extremely interesting. . In his opinion, there are objectively serious economic difficulties in the country that cause mass demonstrations of the population. Their roots lie in the imbalance of the price export-import policy, and not in the social transformations that Hugo Chavez carried out.
The two presentations, Darwin Dilemma: The Trap Between the Third Chimp and the Robot, were devoted to the problems of correlating humans and robots, their roles and places in the future. Who will rule on the blue planet? ”By doctors Juan Carlos Olgun and Heinz Dieterich from the University of Mexico and World Without Workers: Will Robots Replace People?” By Guillermo Lezama, Rector Worker of the University of Mexico. Speakers based on an analysis of promising technologies in the field of robotics pose a problem of the limits of progress in this area, a clearer definition of the role and place of robots and robotic systems in society, focusing attention, in particular, on the dangers of creating military robots with high levels of autonomy and artificial level intelligence, the possibility of self-study. At the same time, scientists emphasized that the latest achievements of modern technology are a serious threat to the survival of mankind, if they become an instrument of a narrow group of people who use them for their own selfish interests. They say that without a strict and comprehensive control of society over the use of new technologies, the further progress of mankind is impossible. This, in turn, is feasible only under the condition of real democracy in a different, post-capitalist society.
Two reports were devoted to the philosophical problems of modern social construction - a report by Professor Zhen Li about the features of modern Chinese political philosophy, as well as a presentation by a Russian representative on the problem of philosophical and ideological understanding of human development, who expressed the opinion: a key condition for successful development civilization is the development of an ideological system effective in the 21st century, capable of leading the world onto the path of progressive and devastating onfliktnogo development.
The representative of Russia drew the attention of the congress participants to the following: one of the main reasons for the current situation is that the very fact of humanity’s transition to the information age negates the absolutization of the economy in society and makes it necessary to revise the philosophical foundations of civilization. Today, it can be stated that from a philosophical point of view, humanity still remains at the beginning of the 20th century, relying on vulgar materialism in its natural-scientific worldview.
The consequence of this is that the economic view of the entire vital activity of civilization dominates in ideological systems. It is the ideological base for the establishment of the power of transnational financial clans, the notorious finintern, over the world. This makes it necessary to address the main question of philosophy: what comes first - matter or spirit. Rejecting the vulgar understanding of the spirit, as soon as some non-material element of being, representing a separate entity from matter, should probably be recognized that spirituality in a natural-scientific understanding is the informational aspect of the universe. From this follows the only possible correct answer to the basic question of philosophy - matter and spirit are inseparable, forming closely interrelated, integral and mutually determining aspects of each material object.
Thus, recognition of only substance and field as matter is the vulgarization of materialism as a philosophical position, the time has come to give it up, recognizing the inseparable unity of spiritual and material. The breakthrough of humanity in the information age makes it a pressing necessity, without which moving forward becomes impossible. The recognition of this fact has far-reaching consequences. In the ideological sphere, this is primarily a rejection of a primitive economic approach.
There is one way - socialism of the XXI century
In general, the participants of the First International Congress of Advanced Science stated (this is reflected in its final resolution) that humanity is entering a new era of its development related to the transition to a new technological mode. The existing social relations do not correspond to the new stage of the technological development of the world. They give rise to deep contradictions that have shaped the modern civilization crisis that has engulfed all spheres of human activity. Its resolution is possible only through the formation of a new post-capitalist society. The basis of the new social construction should be a new world view, based on an understanding of the unity of the spiritual, informational and material foundations of the universe. The primary task of the world advanced scientific community is the development of the structure and principles of functioning of a new post-capitalist society.
In the speeches and discussions on the sidelines, it was repeatedly noted that the previously developed ideological systems are no longer fully capable of ensuring this. This was due to the fact that the current systems of views, claiming to be an ideology, focus mainly on the detailed elaboration of the issue of power formation, limiting at best the elaboration of the concept of economic development, which is clearly not enough for a full-fledged ideological planning of the development of society.
The opinion was expressed: the most important condition for the progressive development of society is the correctly chosen criterion base of the quality of social life activity. It was noted that modern approaches are based on the concepts of profit and profit, and the meaning of the development of society as a whole and its subsystems (up to the individual) is reduced to achieving maximum profit. This approach focuses economic and any other activity on maximizing profits, but not on the growth of socially useful product. That is, the goal of the development of society is not to achieve the maximum degree of development of each individual person and society as a whole, but to extract the greatest profits at all levels of the organization of society at times to the detriment of objective socially significant interests. And this entails the imbalance of the entire system of social production. Actually, the well-known crises of capitalism are such an imbalance.
Therefore, the highest criterion of the effectiveness of any production at any level of its hierarchy should be its compliance with the needs of society. And the efficiency of social production as a whole should be assessed by the degree of compliance of the nomenclature and the volume of needs with the nomenclature and the volume of production of all kinds of products. In this sense, such criteria as profit, profit or profitability are purely private and local, auxiliary character and cannot be used as the main ones, as is the case today. Then the meaning of the development of society will be reduced not to the race for profit, but to the elimination of the arising natural imbalances, allowing the development of a truly crisis-free society. That is, the goal of the development of society is not to extract the greatest profit, but to achieve the maximum degree of development of society as a whole.
According to many participants of the congress, the principle of the priority of the interests of systems in relation to their elements should be the basis for social construction in the 21st century. Its essence lies in the fact that the interests of development and life support of the higher subsystems of society are priorities over the lower ones. In particular, the interests of society should be prioritized in relation to the individual. This principle follows directly from the systemic vision of social development.
Interesting ideas were put forward with regard to the change in the structure of powers of the executive power system. It was noted that the possibility of creating authoritarian regimes and other forms of hidden elimination of the people from power in any country is connected with the presence of personnel powers at the organs and officials of the executive power, when the leader becomes the ruler of his subordinates. Thanks to this, it is possible to create power clans usurping power in countries.
Therefore, among the most important principles of building a society management system, the principle of separation of personnel and organizational powers in the executive branch was emphasized, consisting in the fact that the bodies and individual officials performing organizational functions should be deprived of the right to perform personnel changes in their subordinate structures. These powers must be transferred to self-government bodies or special personnel bodies that bear personal (collective) responsibility for the quality of the staff. That is, in fact, with such an approach, the competence of the executive branch is reduced to the organization of the company's activities aimed at achieving the goals formulated by it.
At the end of the congress, it was decided to create a World Advanced Research Group (World Advansed Research Group). Previously, its main support research centers are supposed to be located in Mexico, China, Germany and Russia. However, in general, it is planned that this should be a virtual network structure that brings together a voluntary community of researchers who freely share the results of their research. The aim of its activities is proclaimed the development of a model of sustainable democratic development of world civilization, free from need and exploitation. To do this, today, experts from various fields of science are involved in this work: political economy, mathematics, complexity theory, information theory, biology, network theory, political and military sciences. Thus, it can be stated that the ideas of socialism in the world have not died. Adapting to the new realities of the 21st century, they attract supporters and expand their social base.