Military Review

Happy holiday, frontier guards!

75
May 28 Russia celebrates Border Guard Day. And not only Russia. In Belarus, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Ukraine, border guards are celebrating their professional holiday on this day too, actually showing the potential to create a unified system for the protection of common borders. In connection with the Ukrainian events, the subject of unity in the post-Soviet space by a known circle of people is diligently relegated to the background, but as the wisdom “never say never” reads.


The border guard is not just a professional military orientation. This is a real way of life, which is formed during the service in the Border Troops, and then extrapolated to other activities. Thoroughness, dedication, responsibility, understanding that you are responsible not only for yourself, but also for your colleagues, relatives, relatives - these are the traits of the majority of those who belong to a single military family of green forage caps (berets) - to the Frontier troops of the FSB Russia.

The Council of People's Commissars in 1918 year, namely 28 May, approves the decision (decree), according to which the Border Guard of Soviet Russia appears. The important point is that the Border Guard was entrusted to the management by no means the Commissariat of Defense (not the Armed Forces, as it was before). The reason for such a move was indicated by the 1 Chairman of the All-Russian Cheka Executive Committee Felix Dzerzhinsky, literally saying:
The border is a political line, and it must be protected by a political body.

It was under the command of the Cheka and the RSFSR Border Guard, which eventually transformed into the border and internal guard troops of the NKVD of the USSR, then the Border Guard of the MIA of the USSR, the Border Guard of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the USSR, and from 1957 until the collapse of the Soviet Union protected the frontiers troops of the KGB of the USSR. Since 1958, the official date of the celebration of the Day of the Border Guard appears - 28 May.

But can 1918 be considered the year of birth of the troops who carried and serve on the borders of the state? 1918 year is an important milestone, but not the beginning stories Border troops. Since the end of the 19th century, the Armed Forces of the Russian Empire operated the so-called JCPS - a separate corps of border guards, subordinate to the Ministry of Finance. The hull was created by decree of Emperor Alexander III in 1893. Alexander Dmitriyevich Svinin, general from artillery, became the first commander of the RSPS.

Happy holiday, frontier guards!

Alexander Svinin


During his command of the corps, the 4 chief of the OKPS from the Ministry of Finance was replaced. The first chief was Sergei Witte.

However, 1893 is also a year by and large difficult to call the year of the birth of the Border Guards. After all, since the formation of the state, which today we call Ancient Russia, the profession of defender of the frontiers of the Fatherland was without exaggeration one of the most significant. In conditions of almost constant conflicts with neighboring territories, in conditions of nomadic raids, the role of people who today would be called border guards was difficult to overestimate.

One of the first fortifications - structures for the protection of the boundaries of the ancient Russian state - can be considered Zmiyev ramparts. Why the "Serpents"? Apparently, this name was strengthened in connection with the legends about the confrontation of the Russian heroes Zmiu - a collective image of nomads who committed devastating raids. And today on the banks of the Dnieper one can see the preserved parts of these ancient earthen mounds, which were supplemented by moats.

The first, really significant from an engineering point of view, the border fortifications in our country began to appear around the XVI century. The Grand Prince Vladimir and Moscow Vasily III (father of Ivan IV the Terrible), who was the first in the history of Russia to receive the title of tsar, did a lot to strengthen the borders. It was during his reign that the Great Protect Line, which later became a real standard of protective structures, appeared. Over time, fortified cities that arose on the frontiers of the Fatherland were also taken into account.

Border troops in almost all armed conflicts and wars took the enemy first. So it was 22 on June 1941 of the year, when the entire power of the German fascist troops fell on the Soviet frontier posts. From the Baltic to the Black Sea, the border guards fought steadfastly against the invaders, despite the fact that the enemy forces were many times superior to those who stood on the frontiers of the Soviet Union.



Documents of Nazi Germany indicate that the Nazis intended to destroy the western frontier posts of the USSR in less than half an hour. However, the fierce resistance of the Soviet border guards plunged the Nazi troops into a real shock. Accustomed to marching bravura, and hardly encountering serious resistance in previous periods of the Second World War, the Hitlerites faced the real bravery of Soviet border guards, still not knowing what a crushing defeat was in the end waiting for all those who called themselves "supermen" and "rulers of the world ". Dozens of outposts kept on 10-12 hours in conditions of heavy fire.

Lieutenant LopatinThe feat of the 13 th fighters of the Vladimir-Volyn border detachment remained as a bright page of the heroism of the Soviet border guards in the history of the Great Patriotic War. Lieutenant Alexei Lopatin, who commanded the outpost, along with other border guards for about 11 days opposed the enemy, whose forces were disproportionately more than the forces of Soviet soldiers. Zastava kept even when only one in ten remained alive. People barely moving their lips from thirst, weakened from hunger, continued to stand to the death. Lieutenant Lopatin and several fighters managed to lead the women and children out of the encircled territory, while they themselves came back to accept their last fight. Only after 16 years after the feat of the 13 th outpost, Lieutenant Lopatin was awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union and the Order of Lenin posthumously.

This is just one of the episodes of unparalleled courage and heroism of border guards. Having such a legacy of ancestors, each of those who are fortunate enough to serve in the Frontier Forces of Russia today understands perfectly well what responsibility lies on his shoulders.

We sincerely congratulate the veterans of the Border Troops and the current servicemen of the MF of the FSB of Russia on their main holiday! First of all, we wish you good health and family well-being! Well, and of course - peace on our borders! Three cheers!

75 comments
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  1. Prapor Afonya
    Prapor Afonya 28 May 2014 09: 29
    +24
    So that our border is always locked away from the enemy! Happy holiday border guards! soldier
    1. jjj
      jjj 28 May 2014 10: 36
      +17
      Friends, veterans of special units of the marine units of the Border Guard of the KGB of the USSR, veterans of the 12th brigade, all border guards - with a holiday!
      1. mejik
        mejik 28 May 2014 12: 38
        +6
        soldier Happy holiday, bro! HOORAY! HOORAY! HOORAY!
        1. lelikas
          lelikas 28 May 2014 14: 19
          +3
          Quote: mejik
          Happy holiday, bro! HOORAY! HOORAY! HOORAY!

          Although I’m not a border guard, they accepted me as pioneers at the border post! Happy Holidays to you Border Guards.
          1. just exp
            just exp 28 May 2014 14: 33
            +2
            and I have the surname Pogranichny, I will rattle my ears for a while ...
            1. Karlsonn
              Karlsonn 28 May 2014 15: 04
              +3
              All involved - Happy Holiday! hi drinks

      2. The comment was deleted.
  2. from punk
    from punk 28 May 2014 09: 31
    +17
    all a holiday !!! who served and is serving. border troops shield !!! other troops are screws in this shield
  3. Denis
    Denis 28 May 2014 09: 31
    +11
    Happy holiday, friends! drinks
  4. raven75
    raven75 28 May 2014 09: 31
    +10
    Border guards !!! Happy holiday to you guys !!!
    1. Apollo
      Apollo 28 May 2014 09: 34
      +18
      My congratulations!!! drinks
      1. ZU-23
        ZU-23 28 May 2014 09: 40
        +10
        I join in the congratulations. Now the border guards should be on the alert as never before.
      2. The comment was deleted.
  5. alex67
    alex67 28 May 2014 09: 33
    +11
    Border Guard Day today
    Not just a holiday - it's a date,
    When we honor our heroes
    Who serves and has served once.
    The country always needs protection
    Do not do without your service,
    After all, we are neighbors to many countries
    And you are the guarantors of our friendship.
    We praise you - the sons of the Fatherland,
    Ready at any moment,
    Sparing neither strength nor life,
    Duty to fulfill your official.
    Proud of you, believe, know
    That will cope with any task.
    We heartily congratulate you,
    And God give you health and good luck!
    © http://pozdravlandia.ru/professional/frontier_guard_day.html
  6. Vitaly Anisimov
    Vitaly Anisimov 28 May 2014 09: 34
    +8
    Happy Bordermen! We sleep well when "the border is locked and the key is in your pocket .." Peace and prosperity to you and your loved ones! drinks
  7. shurup
    shurup 28 May 2014 09: 40
    +7
    Borders - with a holiday! Keep it up!
  8. Orchestrarant
    Orchestrarant 28 May 2014 09: 41
    +18
    Congratulations ! ! !
  9. Georgic
    Georgic 28 May 2014 09: 44
    +8
    Glory to my grandfather and all border guards!
  10. ia-ai00
    ia-ai00 28 May 2014 09: 44
    +9
    Happy holiday, dear guys!
    I don’t know whose verses, but very clearly reflect your hard service in the mountains, and in the steppes, and in forests, and at sea.
    Good luck to you all!

    Mountain outpost

    Dissected by the mountain winds
    Stands in the cold, in an arid flame
    Sleepless Waykeeper
    The barrier is insurmountable.
    Here the cliffs of gnawed gorges -
    Tombstones to many who pass by
    He wanted to go.

    Stands over a deep abyss
    Silent but lonely life
    He did not know here.
    It has long been whitewashed by the snows,
    He allowed the lovers to meet,
    And to the birds weary in the sky
    Sit on your shoulders.

    Kicked into the ice
    Grandfather-knight on the span from a foreign land,
    Which century
    This passage is guarded by a narrow
    Dips of the abyss, gorges, descents, -
    In the midst of alien mountains, he is more Russian,
    Than thousands in Moscow.
  11. dr.Bo
    dr.Bo 28 May 2014 09: 45
    +9
    Congratulations to all the border guards! drinks
  12. maxcor1974
    maxcor1974 28 May 2014 09: 47
    +8
    All a Happy Holiday! Special congratulations to former colleagues in the Khasan Red Banner Order of Kutuzov POGO, where he had the honor to serve (unfortunately now it is called differently, but it's a pity, traditions are lost).
  13. AleksPol
    AleksPol 28 May 2014 09: 50
    +10
    Border guards happy holiday you drinks
  14. botsman80
    botsman80 28 May 2014 09: 53
    +9
    All a Happy Holiday! Separate congratulations to those who served in the North Caucasus Regional Border Administration !!!
  15. siberalt
    siberalt 28 May 2014 09: 54
    +8
    The same decree in 18 established the Russian prosecutor's office. So the holiday is double. Happy holiday to all border guards and veterans of the prosecutor's office!
  16. Rinat 1
    Rinat 1 28 May 2014 09: 55
    +9
    Congratulations to all the border guards on the holiday, I wish you all the best! And that there would be no war!
  17. Uncle lee
    Uncle lee 28 May 2014 09: 56
    +15
    All border guards with a holiday! For the green caps drinks drinks drinks And for the Trezorka too! drinks
  18. teron
    teron 28 May 2014 09: 58
    +8
    Hooray! The green shield of the Motherland is reliable and strong!
  19. Wels75
    Wels75 28 May 2014 10: 03
    +13
    With all my heart I congratulate you on the Holiday !!! Happy Border Guard Day !!!
  20. avt
    avt 28 May 2014 10: 04
    +8
    Happy New Year all green caps !!!
  21. Wels75
    Wels75 28 May 2014 10: 05
    +8
    Thank you for a good night's sleep !!
  22. sub307
    sub307 28 May 2014 10: 06
    +10
    I join in the congratulations. Hooray, hooray, hooray !!!
  23. Bassman
    Bassman 28 May 2014 10: 10
    +9
    Happy holiday, border guards !!! drinks
  24. aksai61
    aksai61 28 May 2014 10: 10
    +11
    Happy Holidays Dear Border Guards !!! Health, good luck!
    "And nuka mom, no wine
    And I will say a beautiful toast
    For those Who carried the service at the border! "(C) soldier
    Sincerely, from the Air Defense Warrior !!! drinks
  25. Akvadra
    Akvadra 28 May 2014 10: 16
    +9
    One of the most heroic, respected, romantic, glorious and dangerous services. Without too much pathos, publicity and show-off, these guys every day do their own difficult, truly military work. Taking off my hat !
  26. Flinky
    Flinky 28 May 2014 10: 16
    +10
    Happy holiday, men. I especially congratulate those who served in Stavropol and Leninakan. He himself served there.
  27. bvi1965
    bvi1965 28 May 2014 10: 17
    +11
    Congratulations to the border guards from the naval. drinks
  28. volk0773
    volk0773 28 May 2014 10: 17
    +9
    Happy holiday !!! I respect border guards !!! I once dreamed of a green cap and hard service !!!
  29. stariy
    stariy 28 May 2014 10: 19
    +8
    Happy holiday to everyone !!!!
  30. Russ69
    Russ69 28 May 2014 10: 29
    +12
    HAPPY !!!
  31. Samsebenaum
    Samsebenaum 28 May 2014 10: 32
    +11
    Guys, Brothers, Happy Holiday !!!
    Pogranets - seaman shake hands!
    All who are lucky to wear green epaulets - welcome!
    Thanks to the forum users for congratulations !!!
    All health, happiness, peace !!!
    Special greetings to the guys who served and are serving in KSZPO, 100 PO
    And if you're lucky, then the guys from their native 9 outposts.
    Hooray, hooray, hooray !!!!
  32. AK-74-1
    AK-74-1 28 May 2014 10: 38
    +6
    Happy holiday guys! You are not only our Shield, but also the tip of the sword!
  33. samoletil18
    samoletil18 28 May 2014 10: 40
    +8
    Everyone who served, serves and is going to serve as a border guard on the Holiday! soldier drinks hi
  34. Repty
    Repty 28 May 2014 10: 49
    +8
    Sister, son-in-law and wife of border guards. Happy holiday my dear !!!
  35. Mhpv
    Mhpv 28 May 2014 10: 51
    +10
    Happy Holidays !!! soldier
    Especially the guys from MCHPV!
    Kamchatka patrol ship division hi
    Well, and of course, who served at the PSKR "Impeccable" !!! drinks
    1. Drednout
      Drednout 28 May 2014 12: 52
      +4
      I am joining! And for Vysotskaya 2nd OBPSKR !!! drinks
    2. Captain green
      Captain green 28 May 2014 14: 31
      +3
      Thank you buddy! In the evening we will roll over Kamchatka!
  36. mithridate
    mithridate 28 May 2014 10: 52
    +8
    Happy holiday, guard the borders!
  37. morpogr
    morpogr 28 May 2014 12: 02
    +8
    All BORDERS WITH HOLIDAY !!!!! HEALTH, LOVE, HAPPINESS TO YOU AND YOUR CLOSE AND FAMILY !!!
    As well as all who served in the 11th OBSKR - Jalinda, military unit 2536. Amur Region.
  38. Ser
    Ser 28 May 2014 12: 08
    +7
    Happy holiday border guards! A special congratulation to fellow GPV RF in RT. Guys! Happy holiday.
  39. Roman 1977
    Roman 1977 28 May 2014 12: 12
    +9
    Happy holiday you border guards !!! drinks Thank you very much for your hard service.
  40. Kapitänleutnant
    Kapitänleutnant 28 May 2014 12: 15
    +8
    All border guards with a holiday !!! Hooray! Hooray! Hooray! Border is locked tight! And I went to make barbecue and celebrate the holiday! soldier
  41. Aaleks1974
    Aaleks1974 28 May 2014 12: 16
    +8
    All green caps with a holiday! Happy Border Guard Day, men!
  42. Mama_Cholli
    Mama_Cholli 28 May 2014 12: 34
    +6
    All greens with the Holiday !!! laughing fellow Especially the 70th squad ...
    I tried all the above and thanks for the congratulations! laughing
  43. roman72-452
    roman72-452 28 May 2014 12: 36
    +5
    Happy Holidays!
  44. Andrey77
    Andrey77 28 May 2014 12: 43
    +4
    Borders, happy holiday!
  45. archi.sailor
    archi.sailor 28 May 2014 13: 16
    +7
    my congratulations to the border guards, especially the naval units from the sailors !!!!!!!! happy men! drinks
  46. Soldier
    Soldier 28 May 2014 13: 20
    +3
    From the blue berets to the green caps, the most cordial congratulations. Happy Men !!! drinks
  47. Sma11
    Sma11 28 May 2014 13: 39
    +3
    Here the little brother will ask you:
    - Is the border “where” or “where”?
    You answer our way: -Balda,
    Border is a state of mind.
    Shake hands with each other, border guards!
    It’s a shame for us brothers to fight,
    It’s better for everyone from the neutral band
    Flowers beloved women to pick.
  48. Kubanets
    Kubanets 28 May 2014 13: 39
    +4
    All with a holiday of green caps. Those who are now at the Frontier of Fortune. He himself served at the Lyukshin TP outpost in Khichaur Detachment 80-83
  49. petrT
    petrT 28 May 2014 13: 57
    +4
    With the holiday of all border guards !!!! It is worth Russia does not stagger !!!!
  50. ssf2257
    ssf2257 28 May 2014 14: 00
    +3
    What do you know about the pool flying?
    Her T.T. H. and flight range.
    And the fact that she is a squealing "bird"
    So blood is bleeding so that the infantry does not get up.
    When she sticks in you
    When a piece is ripped from the flesh
    When fear makes my heart water
    And she bites everything next to the sand.
    When it rests on your shoulder
    Comrade lying next to you
    Will soften, taking her breast
    Then you will learn everything about the pool flying.


    Borders of the past years, present and future, we are connected by one thread, thread to serve the Fatherland!
    The borders of our country should remain untouched.
    The border service of Russia will stand and stand on that.
    Happy Holidays !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!