The HART system automatically manages a variety of manned and unmanned aerial vehicles, their sensors and then, upon request, provides the infantryman with streaming video, photo data and other information. In other words, the entire diversity of aircraft from the “strategic” manned reconnaissance aircraft of the E-8 JSTARS to the light Raven UAV unites into a virtual network. There is no need for a soldier on the battlefield to take control of a UAV or sensors — all you have to do is send a request to HART from a laptop computer and in almost real time get all the information about, for example, enemy positions over the hill. HART gives the military a truly unique opportunity to create a three-dimensional picture of the battlefield, where any soldier can immediately take advantage of detailed information about any point in space. At the same time, HART supports up to 50 aircraft and processes up to 50 requests.
HART allows you not only to view live broadcast from an air reconnaissance platform, but also to quickly obtain the necessary geo-information, which will practically nullify the enemy’s advantage in knowing its territory. Surroundings, flanking, ambush will be almost impossible with respect to soldiers using HART. Of course, this requires air supremacy and the deployment of UAVs and manned reconnaissance aircraft.
During the exercise, HART software and hardware was able to autonomously control several tactical unmanned aviation systems, including UAVs Shadow, Raven, Hunter and Bat. HART is also able to work with large UAVs such as Global Hawk, Predator, X-47B and the unmanned Fire Scout helicopter. One of the main qualities of HART is that it does not depend on the platform and does not require any modifications to aircraft, UAV control stations or soldiers' computers. This allows you to deploy the system as soon as possible.
It is planned that the commanders of small units will be equipped with HART terminals. They will be able to get all the information from the UAV, which only the operator currently has. In addition, with the help of the terminal it will be possible to request monitoring of a certain area, while the commander does not need to worry about driving the drone - it will work autonomously. HART software is able to perform the basic functions of a scout: patrol a given area, detect suspicious objects, focus on them, monitor their movement.
The HART program solves one of the main problems of using small UAVs. The fact is that during the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, the military faced the problem of using compact UAVs like the Raven. Launched by hand, they often broke down, and soldiers tried to use them for continuous observation of the terrain (that is, in the role of a heavy Predator), which does not correspond to the purpose of these devices with a short duration of flight. As a result, drones were often not used or failed, and the soldiers tried to use the sensors of larger and more expensive aerial reconnaissance aircraft whenever possible. HART must remove from the commanders the "heavy burden" of operating and controlling the drone and allow them to fully concentrate on their main task.