Military Review

Beijing seeks to secure superpower status.

China is the fifth official member of the club of nuclear powers. This status is enshrined in the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear weaponssigned and ratified by Beijing in 1992 year. Due to the fact that in recent decades, the PRC, by many indicators of its development, is confidently taking the second place in the world after the United States, Beijing’s policy shows more and more clear signals that it is positioning itself as the second superpower of the modern world with all the consequences this status is right to play a decisive role in solving not only regional, but also global problems of modern world development. China has always viewed its nuclear status as an indispensable attribute of a great power. In modern conditions, when the PRC claims to be a superpower capable of challenging the global hegemony of the United States, questions concerning the position of the Chinese leadership regarding nuclear weapons are of particular relevance.


Work on the nuclear weapons program in China began in the middle of the 50-ies with the active participation of the Soviet Union, which by the time of the breakdown of bilateral ties in the scientific, technical, technological and military spheres transferred to the Chinese specialists most of the documentation on the development of nuclear weapons and their means of delivery and also provided significant assistance in laying the foundations of the PRC nuclear industry. This allowed China to complete its nuclear project on its own, crowned by the successful testing of the first Chinese nuclear device in 1964.

In order to better understand China’s current position on nuclear weapons, it is necessary to trace its development from the moment the Chinese leadership made a political decision to create them. This decision was most likely made during the Korean War, when, on the side of North Korea, regular operations of the PLA took an active part in fighting against the so-called UN forces led by the United States, effectively depriving the United States of the opportunity to win a quick and decisive victory in the war with acceptable for the American public losses.

Realizing that the colossal political and military efforts of the United States in the context of active military assistance to the DPRK by the USSR and the entry of the PRC into war with its virtually unlimited human resources will not lead to the planned results, Washington seriously considered the use of nuclear weapons against China. In the United States, a plan was adopted for delivering nuclear strikes not only on groups of Chinese people's volunteers in the territory of the DPRK, but also on the cities of the PRC. Naturally, in such conditions, the main motivation of the Chinese leadership to create nuclear weapons was an aspect related mainly to security, understood as a question of the existence of not only the regime of power of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), but also the survival of the Chinese nation. One cannot agree with the opinion of some Western experts that Mao Zedong, unlike Soviet and American leaders, never considered nuclear weapons as a key military factor that can have a decisive impact on the course and outcome of the war, and therefore its use in hostilities is never realistic not planned. The incorrectness of this statement becomes obvious if we recall the voiced by the Chinese leader at the Meeting of Communist and Workers Parties held in 1957 in Moscow. During the meeting, Mao Zedong called the atomic bomb a “paper tiger” and called not to be afraid of atomic war, which would finally put an end to imperialism. As a result, in his opinion, the prospects for the smooth construction of communism on a global scale will open.

It should nevertheless be recognized that the military aspect in the position of the Chinese leadership with regard to nuclear weapons in that period was still not dominant. Its formation was no less affected by the inferiority complex of China as a state, which was developed by its leadership in the process of unequal communication with Western countries, who viewed the Celestial Empire as an object of their expansion, ensuring the possibility of plundering this country with impunity and exploiting its enormous profit. This complex began to emerge as early as the period of the “opium wars”, received its further development during the years of the suppression of the boxing uprising, and strengthened significantly during the period of Japanese aggression at the end of the 30s.

The preservation of this complex was also facilitated by the Chinese military-political leadership’s feeling of its position in relations with the Soviet Union as a younger brother, that is, the subordinate role of Beijing in relation to Moscow in the 50-Soviet-Chinese alliance. As one Chinese scientist stated in a private conversation, “the assistance of the USSR during the heyday of Soviet-Chinese friendship to some extent insulted China, which historically positioned itself as a great power - the center of the world. This can explain the silence by Chinese historians of the significance of Soviet aid, both in the anti-Japanese war of the Chinese people, and in the victory of the forces headed by the CPC over the Kuomintang and in the post-war development of China. ” It should also be added that many Chinese scientists, for example, even in every way deny the significant role that the Soviet Union played in the process of the industrialization of the PRC, the creation of nuclear weapons and their means of delivery, the implementation of the space program of their eastern neighbor, etc.


Nuclear doctrine is an integral part of the state’s military doctrine, which sets out its official position on the use, development, deployment and security of nuclear weapons, as well as on the control of the proliferation and transfer (trading) of nuclear technologies and materials.

It should be noted that there is no official document titled “Military (or Nuclear) Doctrine”, in which the official position of the Chinese military-political leadership regarding nuclear weapons would be presented in a detailed manner, in the PRC. Nevertheless, it can be built in a fairly full form, based on the materials of the CPC congresses, the official speeches of Chinese leaders, international treaties signed by China, published by the Ministry of Defense of the PRC, White Books, articles of military scientists and other relevant materials.

The main provisions of modern nuclear doctrine of China in terms of the use of nuclear weapons are as follows.

First, China will not be the first to use nuclear weapons. It will never and under no circumstances use nuclear weapons and will not threaten their use with non-nuclear-weapon states or countries located in nuclear-weapon-free zones.

The adherence of the modern Chinese military-political leadership to this principle means that it views nuclear weapons more as a political tool that ensures the deterrence of potential adversaries from the use of weapons of mass destruction against the PRC, rather than as a real means of warfare, ensuring its victorious conclusion. China, which has the most numerous armed forces in the world, equipped with modern enough conventional weapons, as the military-political leadership and numerous experts, including foreign ones, consider to be able to secure a victory over any potential adversary in all directions around the perimeter of national borders without using nuclear weapons with an acceptable level of losses. The use of a nuclear weapon by a potential adversary largely deprives China of existing advantages. Moreover, in the conditions of the existing quantitative and qualitative superiority in nuclear weapons, the application of a massive disarming nuclear strike calls into question not only the possibility of achieving victory, but the very survival of China as a state.

Secondly, as a means of deterring, the nuclear potential of the PRC must have the ability to reliably inflict a potential adversary an unacceptable damage in a retaliatory strike.

Adherence to this principle means that China’s nuclear weapons, even after the first disarming strike, must retain their military stability, ensuring the ability to inflict unacceptable damage to the enemy in retaliation. Due to the fact that such a retaliatory strike will be inflicted by a substantially reduced outfit of the surviving nuclear weapons of the PRC, large cities and industrial areas of the latter should be the targets of such an unacceptable damage to the enemy.

Beijing seeks to secure superpower status.

Modernization and improvement of naval strategic nuclear forces is one of the priorities of China’s military development. Photos from the site

In the opinion of the Chinese military-political leadership, strengthening the military stability of nuclear forces and equipment under the conditions of a possible massive disarming strike of a potential enemy should be ensured through the implementation of the following measures: launching mobile equipment such as mobile strategic ground-based missile systems (PGRK) on combat duty; an increase in the number and increase of the combat capabilities of the naval strategic nuclear forces (NSNF); increasing the reliability of covering the positional areas of nuclear forces with anti-aircraft and anti-missile defense systems (air defense / missile defense); strengthening the protection of the positional areas of nuclear forces against the influence of the formations of the forces of the special operations of the enemy and terrorists; strengthening the security of mine launchers (silos) of ballistic missiles; increasing the reliability of combat control of nuclear forces and facilities; the creation and adoption of an anti-missile global anti-missile defense system; increasing the effectiveness of masking mine launchers and mobile ground-based missile systems. It can be assumed that in the interests of maintaining the retaliatory potential, China can create highly secure and hidden from the enemy nuclear weapons storage bases with the necessary infrastructure, allowing in a relatively short time after a massive disarming nuclear strike to partially restore the nuclear potential of the PRC and retaliate.

Certain adjustments to the content of China’s nuclear doctrine are made by various international treaties relating to nuclear weapons. In particular, the People's Republic of China in 1996 year signed the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty. Although the treaty has not been ratified, Beijing is in compliance with its provisions. China also in the 1992 year signed the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, in accordance with the provisions of which he committed himself not to transfer to any of the states of any nuclear weapons or nuclear explosive devices, and also to exercise strict control over such weapons or devices and in no way assist to condone or encourage any non-nuclear state to create or acquire nuclear weapons or nuclear explosive devices.

According to the treaty, the PRC, like other nuclear states, was obligated never and under any circumstances to use or threaten to use nuclear weapons against any non-nuclear state or zone free of nuclear weapons.

At the same time, it should be noted that China, supporting the efforts of the Soviet Union and the United States, and then Russia and the United States to reduce their offensive nuclear weapons, refuses to join this process, at least until these nuclear arsenals the two largest nuclear powers of the world in quantitative terms will not be comparable with the Chinese.


The issue of mutual threat in relations between Russia and China is completely and completely removed, which is accordingly enshrined at the contractual and legal level. The Joint Declaration on the Fundamentals of Relations between the Russian Federation and the People’s Republic of China of December 18 on 1992 stresses that "all disputed issues between the two states will be resolved by peaceful means." Both sides have committed themselves that they “will not resort to force or threat of force in any form against each other, including with the use of territories, territorial waters and airspace of third countries ... none of the Parties will participate in any military-political alliances directed against the other Party, enter into any agreements and treaties with third countries that are detrimental to the state sovereignty and security interests of the other Party ”.

A practical confirmation of the absence of a mutual threat factor was the signing between the two countries of September 3 1994 of the Joint Statement on the mutual non-targeting of strategic nuclear weapons and the non-first use of nuclear weapons against each other.

Another important step towards increasing confidence in the military field was the signing during the October 2009 of the official visit to China of Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin to China on the mutual information on ballistic missile launches.

In turn, the conclusion of 16 on July 2001 of the Treaty on Good Neighborhood, Friendship and Cooperation between the Russian Federation and the People's Republic of China marked a qualitatively new stage in the development of partnership relations between our two states.

In the Moscow Joint Statement of the Heads of State of Russia and China on July 16, 2001, the Treaty is referred to as the “policy document defining the development of Russian-Chinese relations in the new century ...”. In it "the peaceful ideology of the two states and their peoples is enshrined in legal form: forever friends and never enemies."

At the same time, the Chinese leadership, as is clear from the statements of Chinese officials, materials of the CPC congresses and the works of Chinese military theorists, at the current stage regards the USA as a nuclear superpower representing the main threat to the PRC. China’s political and military leadership proceeds from the assumption that the United States, trying to maintain its global hegemony achieved by the geopolitical defeat of the Soviet Union, providing America with favorable conditions for its own prosperity and development by exploiting the resources of other countries, including China, will use all available means to preserve and strengthen this situation.

Due to the fact that China in the last decade has made a powerful breakthrough in the economic, technological and military sphere and in terms of basic development indicators, the United States is catching up, in Washington, according to the Chinese leadership, China is considered the only state in the modern world that can challenge American global hegemony. The latter, in the eyes of the American ruling elite, automatically makes the PRC one of the main targets of hostile foreign policy, economic and military actions by Washington, as well as allied countries and countries oriented towards it.


It should be emphasized that the Chinese military-political leadership believes that the United States, as a means of exerting pressure on China, can blackmail it with the threat of using nuclear weapons, and in exceptional cases can even go for direct use of nuclear weapons against China. Especially in the case of creating a high-performance global US missile defense system capable of ensuring the security of the United States and its allies with a sufficient degree of reliability.

Based on this conclusion, the Chinese political and military leadership determines the structure of its nuclear arsenal and the main directions of its development for the medium and long term.

The strategic nuclear forces of the PRC are intended to deter potential adversaries from carrying out a large-scale attack on the PRC using weapons of mass destruction (WMD). They include land, sea and air components.

The ground component of the Chinese strategic nuclear forces is represented by the Strategic Missile Forces (SRV) or the Second Artillery Corps, which is a type of armed forces of the People’s Liberation Army of China (PLA), intended to be used in the event of aggression against the PRC using WMD nuclear weapons on enemy targets together with naval strategic nuclear forces and strategic aviationas well as for warning of a missile attack, constant monitoring and control of near-Earth space, the destruction of spacecraft and ballistic missiles of the enemy, ensuring the operational and combat activities of troops (forces) in theaters of operations, space reconnaissance, and ensuring the functioning of multi-level information switching network of communication control systems, target designation intelligence and computer systems.

According to the directory of The Military balance for 2013 year, currently in service with the "Second Artillery Corps" (Strategic Missile Forces) PLA has 470 missile systems of different ranges. Of these: intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBM) - 72, including 10 - Dong Feng DF-4 (CSS-3), 20 - DF-5A (CSS-4Mod2) of mine-based, with a range of up to 13 and 000, which is up to the 12; rocket complexes DF-31 (CSS-9) and 30 of similar complexes like DF-31A (CSS-9Mod2) with a range of up to 8000 km.

The most modern of the complexes with intercontinental ballistic missiles are PGRK type DF-31 of various modifications that can hit even targets located on the east coast of the United States. In addition, in July, the 2012 of the year, according to US intelligence sources, China has successfully tested the latest intercontinental ballistic missile of extra-long range, capable of striking virtually any point in the United States.

Intermediate-range ballistic missiles DF3A (CSS-2) with a range of 5500 km of Chinese strategic nuclear forces, there are two units, while medium-range ballistic missiles - 122, including: several DF-16, about 80 mobile ground-based missile systems DF- 21 / DF-21A (CSS-5Mod1 / 2), approximately 36 DF-21C (CSS-5Mod3) and 6 DF-21D (CSS5Mod4) with a range of 1800 km.

China’s short-range ballistic missiles (less than 1800 km) have 252 units, including: DF-108A / M-11A 11 missiles (CSS-7Mod2), as well as DF-144 / M-15 missiles (CSS-9) ).

Land-based cruise missiles of the type CJ-10 (DH-10) in China are 54 units.

The naval component of the Strategic Nuclear Forces of China is represented by four nuclear submarines armed with ballistic missiles (SSBNs), including: one Xia type (SSN-029) SSBN equipped with an XLUMX SLBM JL-12 (CSS-N-1) and three atomic strategic Jin-type submarines (Type-3), which have up to 094 SLBMs JL-12 (CSS-NX-2) with a range of 4 km. At the same time, according to the London Institute for Strategic Studies, the third and fourth strategic submarine missile carriers are in the final stages of construction.

The air component of the strategic nuclear triad of China includes several missile carriers of the latest modification Hun-6K with a combat radius increased to 3500 km. These aircraft are capable of carrying three air-launched cruise missiles (ALCMs) and, according to reports, are intended to use new air-launched CJ-10A cruise missiles with a range of 2500 km. All in all, the PLA Air Force currently has 82 bomber Hun-6 of various modifications, although the exact number of missile carriers capable of solving strategic tasks associated with the use of long-range air-launched cruise missiles.

With the strengthening of its economic and military potential, China is increasingly decisively protecting its national interests in the international arena. Anticipating the possibility of tough opposition to such a course on the part of the United States, which under certain conditions does not preclude the use of force pressure on the PRC, including its nuclear blackmail, the Chinese military-political leadership pays serious attention to solving the task of increasing the capabilities of national armed forces, including strategic nuclear forces, to deter such aggressive inclinations. At the same time, official Beijing, in our opinion, is still trying not to go beyond maintaining the minimum level of its strategic nuclear forces necessary for deterring first of all the United States, in the conditions of the development of promising strategic means by the latter, including both space attack systems and the creation of global missile defense system.

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  1. Revolver
    Revolver 25 May 2014 07: 04
    The only obstacle on the way of China to the place of the superpower 2 number is Russia, which currently occupies this place.
    1. mamont5
      mamont5 25 May 2014 07: 24
      Quote: Nagan
      The only obstacle on the way of China to the place of the superpower 2 number is Russia, which currently occupies this place.

      Well, why, there is another option - to squeeze the United States together with Russia. This is more optimal.
    2. clidon
      clidon 25 May 2014 10: 03
      Excuse me, by what principle did you give Russia the second place? China has long been there.
      1. yushch
        yushch 25 May 2014 10: 18
        Uh, no. China is second in economic terms. And the concept of a superpower includes several conditions, along with the economic component.
        1. clidon
          clidon 25 May 2014 10: 38
          And what are these conditions? State area? China is huge. The population and its population around the world? Out of competition. Industry, its export. Out of competition. Army? The first in quantity and speed of its saturation with weapons. Some 4-4 + generation fighters in the Air Force have about 600 aircraft. Who besides the USA can boast of such?
          Space ... There is even a manned, active provider of satellites in the global market. History is one of the oldest. Natural wealth is very considerable. Science - growing by leaps and bounds. Transport system? There are already 4 times more high-speed trains than in Japan. The most extensive network. The only magnetically levitating track in the world. Preparing to build their own passenger liners. Politics? Highly independent.
          So what is this "non-production" lacking in today's China?
    3. Tornh
      Tornh 30 May 2014 19: 02
      Russia is not in third yet, but it is even possible to reach the first place
  2. borisov1
    borisov1 25 May 2014 08: 47
    China has a population of about 1,5 billion people. In addition, it is a nuclear power with a developed military technical, aerospace industry, and a developed economy. Only in all these respects, China is a world power that is in no way inferior to the United States. Having China as an ally is good for any state, including Russia.
  3. northern
    northern 25 May 2014 09: 07
    China does everything slowly.
  4. balamut
    balamut 25 May 2014 09: 11
    China does not aspire to become a superpower, it has already become it, Putin understood this, Obama- no .....
  5. 25 May 2014 09: 15
    Beijing strives to secure superpower status By Aleksandr Shlyndov

    China has had this status for a long time. Therefore, you need to be very careful with him. Do not forget that in world politics, " против".
    1. gfhjkm
      gfhjkm 25 May 2014 10: 35
      Beijing seeks to secure superpower status.

      The status of a superpower is such a vague concept comparable, like a thief in law. For this, it is necessary to collect a gathering of Super Powers in order to document the status. yes no, of course, it happens slowly for someone before it comes to someone over time, China is already in this club.
    2. The comment was deleted.
  6. Ek.Sektor
    Ek.Sektor 25 May 2014 09: 15
    Yes, please let them fight for places in the ranking of the "top powers", but in the meantime we will rebuild our state and strengthen it, I think every citizen of Russia already knows that he lives in a great country, for this it is enough to remember a little history. There is no need for us to become a world hygemon, we are not a colonial country, unlike some.
  7. bronik
    bronik 25 May 2014 09: 17
    Four great inventions of China: paper, compass, gunpowder and typography. It is better to be fellow travelers than opponents. But we must not forget about their eastern mentality (deceit)!
    1. 25 May 2014 13: 41
      Quote: bronik
      Four great inventions of China: paper, compass, gunpowder and typography.

      Pathetic. 1. Paper. Ordinary insects - wasps "invented" this process in time immemorial. The Egyptians got along with papyrus, the Europeans with parchment. The demand for paper comes from typography. 2. Compass. The question is, where to get a magnetic iron ore for secondary magnetization? For coastal voyages, the need for this item is relative. The Vikings, they say, used Icelandic spar for navigation. 3. Gunpowder for fireworks and firecrackers, as in China, is one thing or gunpowder for bombards and coolerin is another. 4. Typography. Why does China need to duplicate publications, depriving scribes of work and a favorite occupation of the Chinese nobility - exercises in calligraphy. In Europe, there are printed historical monuments in the form of "Bible" or "Apostle". Point to a similar Chinese rarity.
  8. Free wind
    Free wind 25 May 2014 09: 58
    Pay attention to the range of Chinese missiles and Chinese aviation. The vast majority of missiles has a range of up to 5 thousand km. These missiles will not reach the United States in any way
  9. uzer 13
    uzer 13 25 May 2014 10: 10
    Russia should hurry up with the solution of its internal problems, being in close proximity to this monster of the world economy. The ex-younger brother has grown and is starting to grin his teeth. In the near future, there may not be enough sensible policy with which to solve current problems, you still have to something.
  10. silberwolf88
    silberwolf88 25 May 2014 10: 39
    China has always considered itself a Great Empire ... for them, a history of several thousand years is seen as a continuous process ... they simply return to their former greatness ...
  11. Giant thought
    Giant thought 25 May 2014 11: 17
    For purely tactical reasons, China has such an ally as Russia. So far, this suits both sides of this relationship. What will happen tomorrow, the day after tomorrow we can only guess. God grant that there is no war.
  12. kodxnumx
    kodxnumx 25 May 2014 11: 17
    In the near future, China is not bored by the forces to eagerly compete with the United States as Russia, and this is a fact, without our help in technology, they are doomed to constantly defend on all fronts, there is no scientific basis that Russia has gone for decades to this, it’s impossible in 10 years to keep China behind in high technology.
    1. And Us Rat
      And Us Rat 26 May 2014 17: 02
      Quote: kod3001
      ... without our help in technology, they are doomed to constant upholding on all fronts, there is no scientific basis ...

      They practically solved this question. repeat
  13. sub307
    sub307 25 May 2014 11: 39
    Let's see some numbers as of right now: (
    China population meter
    25-05-2014 11:11:11
    1 366 888 165
    Current population

    709 664 039
    Current male population (51.9%)

    657 224 126
    Current female population (48.1%)
    6 555 032
    Born this year
    21 149
    Born today
    3 749 542
    Died this year
    12 098
    Died today
    -170 676
    Net migration this year
    Net migration today
    2 634 813
    Population growth this year
    8 501
    Population growth today

    Every 1.90 sec. one baby is born. In an hour, the population of China is replenished by 1 children (child).
    Every 3.33 sec. one person is dying. Every hour, China loses 1 people.

    Chinese economy
    $ 5 770 323 357 395
    GDP (Gross Domestic Product) this year
    (at purchasing power parity)
    $ 4 222
    This year's GDP per capita (annual $ 10 666)
    $ 18 617 362 875
    GDP for today
    $ 14
    GDP for the current day per capita
    $ 3 053 699 897 101
    Public debt counter
    $ 2 234
    Government debt per capita
    $ -8 682 515 559
    Public debt this year
    $ -28 013 256
    Government debt today
    Now we have: (
    Russian population counter
    25-05-2014 11:24:14
    141 873 672
    Current population
    65 617 593
    Current male population (46.3%)
    76 256 079
    Current female population (53.7%)
    624 739
    Born this year
    2 055
    Born today
    906 862
    Died this year
    2 983
    Died today
    150 955
    Net migration this year
    Net migration today
    -131 167
    Population growth this year
    Population growth today

    Every 19.98 sec. one baby is born. In an hour, the population of Russia is replenished by 180.2 children (child).
    Every 13.76 seconds one person is dying. Every hour, Russia loses 261.5 people.
    Russian economy
    $ 1 059 830 994 631
    GDP (Gross Domestic Product) this year
    (at purchasing power parity)
    $ 7 470
    This year's GDP per capita (annual $ 18 873)
    $ 3 485 657 645
    GDP for today
    $ 25
    GDP for the current day per capita
    $ 372 442 705 144
    Public debt counter
    $ 2 625
    Government debt per capita
    $ 12 351 584 014
    Public debt this year
    $ 40 622 886
    Government debt today
    As they say - "comments are unnecessary." That is, according to the so-called "manpower" (what quality is a separate issue), China is in fact a "superpower". Now let's try to answer our own "stupid question": where, in fact, "will they" go "if that?
    1. sub307
      sub307 25 May 2014 11: 51
      This is natural, provided that the necessary conditions in equipment and weapons are achieved, of course (and they do not sleep - they work, "tyrat", copy). And, we don't seem to mind, judging by the sales and intentions. They are actively striving for the Arctic (and our sector). In general, looking at the statistics (especially comparisons), "hard thoughts" begin to prevail. For the optimistic "major" the reasons for something are not visible, at least for now.
    2. The comment was deleted.
    3. Tolerast
      Tolerast 25 May 2014 14: 36
      Uh, how much will they have pensioners not producing anything in 30–40 years? 600-700 million? How will the country develop in such conditions? The problem is creepy. I'm afraid to guess how the Chinese will solve it ...
  14. sub307
    sub307 25 May 2014 12: 09
    And this is like you: and then I remember how the "kind" Dmitry Medvedev, at the end of his presidency, allowed the Chinese to make aerial photography of the borders with Russia, and they are now well aware of the deployment of our few troops on the Far Eastern borders. A strange "partnership" between our government and China. So here you will think, is this partnership or a betrayal of Russia's interests? They say that on the waves of this "friendship" now our nomenklatura keeps their money not in Western banks, but with friends in China. At least there is no "Magnitsky list" there. Not yet.
  15. sub307
    sub307 25 May 2014 12: 21
    And more about our "great friendship": having quarreled to smithereens with the world community, the "Kremlin boyars" turned their gaze towards the heavenly Empire, and their Peking partners, taking full advantage of this situation for themselves, sign long-term contracts to pump out our resources at low price. It is obvious that the continued squandering of our national wealth does not benefit the country and all of us, but only supports momentary political needs.
    In the face of falling demand for Russian gas in Europe, the Kremlin actually sells gas to China at dumping prices, which is why it is silent about the price of the issue, hiding this really ridiculous price from society. The guys are concerned not with their own economy (very similar), but only with the issues of retaining power. This conclusion is obvious, since the banal transfer of resources and raw materials to the economies of other states continues, and at the same time, their processing facilities are not being built.
    1. sub307
      sub307 25 May 2014 12: 24
      And another thing: only in 2013 it became known that back in 2011, the Government of the Russian Federation under the leadership of "Prime Minister-President" Putin gave China 1 million hectares of forest for felling. As Vse reported, due to the lack of timber resources, the PRC regards Russia as the main strategic partner. One of the regions falls under felling. Meanwhile, in case the Chinese side is not satisfied with this option, Rosleskhoz expressed its readiness to provide any information on the timber reserves in Russia, as well as on the ways of its development. What kind rulers we have, caring about other nations and other economies. Internationalists, in quotation marks.
      According to the Environmental Prosecutor's Office, more than half of the state forest fund of the Amur Region fell under deforestation, which threatens with the disappearance of forests. But for the authorities, these are trifles, Cupid is not visible from the Kremlin, until they have state thinking in their heads and get their hands on it, a new forest will grow, in a hundred years. In the meantime, let our Chinese partners use our timber cheaply, all the same, we ourselves do not have enterprises for its deep processing. Look, dear man, how Finland has risen due to the Russian forest. We have been driving cheap "round timber" there since the times of the USSR, and they, having processed it, sell expensive products all over the world. Including we buy it. So who? And where?
    2. The comment was deleted.
    GREAT RUSSIA 25 May 2014 12: 44
    Whether you like it or not, after the defeat of the United States in the geopolitical world arena, three superpowers will remain in the world: China, Russia and India. China needs vital resources despite the fact that it has a very large supply of all types of resources, this for 20 years. not enough, many times more is needed and only one state in the world has such a large amount of resources - Russia. And if we add the monstrous lack of residential and agricultural space in the state, then all the more, apart from Russia, no state will have such territories. In the long term, the conflict between Russia and China in all areas from influence in the world arena to the space sphere becomes simply inevitable. However, at the moment, the main rival of Russia and China is the United States, which means that it is necessary first to deal with it (yes, just to deal with it). And I am sure that Russia and China will help each other before this hypothetical conflict, and the United States can only wait for the bitter cup of justice. Yes, just justice, they must answer for the death of the USSR, for the artificial incitement of Nazi Germany and the USSR, for the death of tens of millions of people.
  17. Vlad Gore
    Vlad Gore 25 May 2014 14: 35
    Being the first in the world for the production of consumer goods does not mean to be a superpower. China flew into space thanks to the purchased and partially stolen technologies of the former USSR. Attempts to even copy something from modern weapons were unsuccessful. China continues to buy advanced weapons and systems from Russia. Until China itself becomes a manufacturer of the latest generation of weapons, there can be no dreams of a superpower. As you know, wanting is not harmful ... bully
  18. vladimirvn
    vladimirvn 25 May 2014 19: 23
    An anecdote in the subject.
    - Barcoding, it has lost all meaning!
    - Why not?
    - And whatever the code is, the manufacturer will still be China!
  19. Lumumba
    Lumumba 25 May 2014 20: 49

    The USSR was unable to realize it (Socialism) to a sufficient extent, ending everything with "stagnation", "race on carriages", "perestroika" and other no less well-known phenomena. But China succeeded.

    The Russians and the Chinese actually have a lot in common in their worldview and character. And maybe we will become the country that will follow in the footsteps of the Great Chinese friend and mentor. And our children and grandchildren must first of all learn Chinese, and only then English.
  20. navodchik
    navodchik 25 May 2014 21: 17
    The article is very interesting. Thanks to the author for the analysis and systematization.
  21. project sity
    project sity 26 May 2014 03: 29
    The article is good, undeniable. China, from the very empire, strove to achieve this goal! Striving to ensure the security and prosperity of the state for its people. There is only one problem left - POPULATION (it has become too large). And here there is only one extension of the state border, which means (... ...)
    1. Tornh
      Tornh 30 May 2014 19: 03
      On the contrary, now in China the population is decreasing and most of them have more than 1 child is prohibited
    2. Tornh
      Tornh 30 May 2014 19: 03
      On the contrary, now in China the population is decreasing and most of them have more than 1 child is prohibited
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