It seems to us that there it is - peace and quiet. Moreover, the volume of gross domestic product is growing at a fast rate from year to year in the People's Republic of China - if forecasts come true, then this year, the Middle Kingdom’s economy will become the largest in the world. Accordingly, the quality of life also improves.
But the reality is that, like in any other country, in China there is a certain and considerable layer of the discontented. Let's try to understand who it consists of. Let's say the obvious thing: if China has a “creative intelligentsia” who profess Western values, then, of course, it “cannot be silent”.
The desire to declare oneself, beloved, sometimes results in frankly stupid and provocative chatter akin to the mood of the end of "perestroika": then many of our liberals began to assure their fellow citizens that "we could drink Bavarian beer, and not fight in World War II." The 2010 dissident writer praised by the West, 1988 Nobel Peace Prize laureate Liu Xiaobo, back in XNUMX, stated that it would take his homeland three hundred years to survive the real historical transformation. That is, "perestroika", according to Western standards.
Based on the fact that Beijing is now one of the main rivals of the world’s hegemony of the West, the idea of "returning to the bright past" to the whip of the colonialists, to be at the margins of history, is not very popular today.
It is worth noting that the Chinese creative intelligentsia loves to make gloomy predictions - in 2009, someone Wei Jingsheng said that those in power in China would be overthrown in 2009 – 2010 years against the backdrop of a global economic crisis that should hit the world's most densely populated country .
The second protest group is ordinary citizens of the People's Republic of China, who put forward certain economic requirements. It is they who are the instigators of numerous spontaneous riots against the transfer of peasant plots for the construction of enterprises or residential quarters, they require an increase in wages or the solution of acute environmental problems.
The third group is those who protest based on religious motives. Here, the overwhelming majority of Christians of Western confessions are talking about: the number of active churches does not keep pace with the growing number of believers who have to gather, as in the times of the first Christians, at home. At the same time, I would like to note: the Chinese leadership, who publicly declares his commitment to the communist ideology with local specifics, clearly does not like the growing number of adherents of the influential world religion.
And finally, the last group is the nationalist, separatist movements operating in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, Tibet, Inner Mongolia. Despite the actions of these movements diligently fanned by Western propaganda, they should not boast about their success. In addition, it should be understood: if the West manages to tense the situation on the national concerns of the outskirts of the PRC, then further consolidation of the Great Han ethnic group is almost guaranteed, the vast majority of which will no longer see a good friend in the West. The policy of Beijing for the development of national suburbs also makes itself felt; in Tibet alone it is planned to invest considerable funds in order to attract up to three hundred thousand tourists to the region annually to 2015.
How does the West support Chinese dissidents? First of all - "spins" them in their media. "Promoted" are awarded handouts in the form of grants and awards, as well as the status of the hero - but not in his own country, of course. The inhabitants of the Celestial Empire who have gone over to the category of such “celebrities” are becoming a tough nut to the local law-enforcement agencies; any of their arrest or arrest causes an inadequate reaction of Western politicians.
To deliver a mortal blow in the arena of the ideological struggle, the Westerners must split the environment of the Great-Khan. In order to understand exactly what the masters of Western propaganda are fighting in China, it is necessary to clarify the component feelings of the “national pride of the Great-Khan people”.
The cornerstone is a sincere admiration for its ancient history. And indeed, the most populated country is a representative of one of the greatest ancient civilizations that have survived.
Communication with the great heroes of antiquity sought to demonstrate and during the rule of the "red ideology". In the programmatic speeches of the Chinese leaders, back in the eighties, it was possible to meet passages like "we are descendants of Yao and Shun." Yao and Shun - one of the first legendary founding rulers of the Middle Kingdom, who lived almost four thousand years ago. Has anyone heard in Leonid Brezhnev's speeches at least some hints about the continuity of the then political system with the actions of the legendary Rurik or Yaroslav the Wise?
For the West, the destruction of this part of the national identity of the Chinese is a daunting task. They are trying to use the misses of our friends. For example, in the Celestial Empire claim: their country was first formed as a whole in the III century BC from the principalities inhabited by ethnic Chinese. In fact, this is not the case. The southern principalities of Chu and Zhao were apparently populated by peoples very close to the ancestors of the modern Vietnamese, as Soviet ethnographers wrote about in the seventies. Instead of recognizing this fact, historians of the Celestial Empire still insist that it is a question of native Chinese state formations. It seems to be a scholastic dispute, but all this gives rise to the growth of sentiments "reconquest" in Vietnam. There is no, no, and there will be scathing statements that the subject of a territorial dispute with Beijing for Hanoi should be not only the islands in the South China Sea, but also a number of provinces of the PRC.
Official propagandists say that non-Chinese states today are fully incorporated into the common bosom of the country's history - for the sole reason that, for example, representatives of the Mongols and Koreans now live on its territory. But, if Koreans have recently been behaving more or less loyally to the authorities, the number of supporters of secession from the state in the Chinese province of Inner Mongolia does not decrease at all.
At the same time, the West will not achieve much success in this field: in China, representatives of national minorities occupy fairly high positions, among them there are generals and heads of civilian departments.
It turns out, as we have in the Soviet era: national minority chances of climbing the career ladder are quite high. And "opposition" will bring nothing but problems.
Han people make up more than 90 percent of the population of the second economy of the world. Therefore, the inveterate "preachers of democracy" are trying to split them. They oppose the North of the great country to the South; For example, textbooks of the Cantonese language, that is, the southern version of Chinese, are published.
Already in the name of such opus, a time bomb is laid: in Beijing it is considered that there is only a single Chinese language and its many dialects. Yes, many of them are simply “mutually incomprehensible”, but, based on political correctness, they are still considered as variants of the language of the most populous country in the world.
We are talking about the gradual introduction into the minds of people the thought that they are “different”, because the propaganda has worked about the need to separate the two parts of one people - Russians and Ukrainians. So in the case of the Chinese overseas, they cherish the hope of gradually splitting up a great nation.
The next pillar of Chinese self-consciousness is the attitude to the events of the not-so-distant past. Modern China was born in the middle of the last century, when Mao Zedong, supported by the Soviet Union, and associates drew a line under the country's feudal and colonial past. The official point of view says that this way the Chinese opened the road to a brighter future. With certain reservations, it can be accepted: despite the presence of certain social problems, the Middle Kingdom is now one of the key players in the international arena.
Another area of Westerners' work is ideological attacks on the image of Mao Zedong. For the people of China, this person is a symbol of the state in which they live. Something like Vladimir Lenin for the older generation in Russia. Practically in all cities and villages of our neighbor there is a monument to the “great helmsman”.
Parents who bring their young children here inspire them in the most understandable language: “Chairman Mao is good.”
Images of Mao are placed even among the faces of Buddhist saints. There are also ardent followers of his ideas, who are still trying to live in communities in individual villages: once you get there, you begin to feel like during the years of the “cultural revolution”.
Yes, this person has left a highly ambiguous mark on history. We will not talk about his persistent dislike for our Motherland - negative emotions regarding the “leader of all nations”, who, not allowing any objections, led Mao in his thirties, and possibly innate dislike for the USSR, are mixed here.
There are claims to him and fellow citizens. What are the only experiments of "helmsman" to increase yields and accelerate the ripening of crops ... For example, the rice fields were illuminated - so Mao hoped to give the plants an extra portion of light so that they would not "stand idle" at night.
Not to mention his widely known campaign for the destruction of sparrows, because of the gluttony which allegedly lost much of the crop. The effect was, as we know, quite the opposite. Nevertheless, Mao's merit is that he was able to discern the essence of the Chinese communist movement, to precisely determine its main driving force — the multi-million-dollar peasant masses.
What does the West blame Mao today? Excessive cruelty. The Chinese are trying to convince themselves that because of the ill-considered transformations, the village was struck by hunger, of which thirty million of the same peasants were victims. The figures, of course, were taken from the ceiling, but the propaganda methods are very familiar: just personally, Joseph Stalin was accused of transcendent despotism and juggled with dozens of "millions tortured."
Most Chinese “dissidents” are not yet resolved to completely blacken the figure of the “great helmsman”, limiting themselves to complaints that during the “cultural revolution” Mao dealt with the loyal Communists.
Fu Jie, a former employee of the Xinhua News Agency, wrote a book “Mao's Empire” about a certain Lin Zhao who was executed in 1968, her life and work. The author describes with warmth all the main stages of the life of this girl, who won the sympathy of her party comrades not only with female charm, but also with the willingness to sacrifice herself for the common cause. At sixteen, she joined the communists then underground, risked her life for the victory of Marxism, and ten years later became the ardent opponent of her once beloved idols.
Another favorite topic of Chinese "dissidents" is the events on Tiananmen Square in 1989. Liberals categorically insist that the blame for human sacrifices should be laid on the then leaders of the Communist Party, the heirs of Mao Zedong.
But there are really "sick" problems for the Chinese authorities. These are sometimes very difficult working and living conditions for workers and peasants, corruption, and ecology. It is clear that all these official media do not want to cover and analyze in detail. So, to a large extent, it was thanks to the efforts of the “dissidents” in China that loud trials of corrupt officials were launched.
At the same time, top leaders of the country often become objects of sharp criticism. For example, opposition activist Yu Jie published a book about the former Premier of the State Council, Wen Jiabao, calling it "The Most High Actor of China." However, the book was immediately banned in the country.
Often the charges that the author puts forward are unsubstantiated or simply absurd. Yu Jie says that one of the reasons for the collapse of buildings during a catastrophic earthquake in Sichuan province in 2008 was not the element, but the poor quality of construction, which the central authorities, including Wen Jiabao, who was in charge of the social bloc, knew about. But officials allegedly didn’t turn a blind eye to this.
On the other hand, the attempts of the authorities to prohibit publications that are not acceptable to them are ineffective: a significant part of citizens can familiarize themselves with them simply by visiting Hong Kong. The reprisals against distributors and publishers of similar literature in the country do not help too much. Likewise, the presentation of charges of economic crimes to “dissidents” also looks awkward. The case of the artist Iweiwei, whom Beijing eventually ended up having to release, was the most famous. In addition, the leadership of the PRC still admits certain “pranks”, itself giving yet another reason to press accusations. Why is it worth studying in a prestigious American university the daughter of the President of the People's Republic of China Xi Jinping ...
Recently, Beijing has sometimes acted on the patterns cut during the years of our “perestroika”. For example, during a recent visit to China by US Secretary of State John Kerry, four Chinese human rights activists were honored with his audience. "Pravdolyubtsy" complained that they are not allowed to turn in full force the policy of the authorities of their country, aimed at restricting access to Internet resources.
However, Washington is aware that it is not worth going through: China is not only the most important trading partner, but also the most important link in the global chain of division of labor.
The instability of China will mean the curtailment of production, for example, electronics. Therefore, the United States is behaving carefully, they recently refused to grant asylum to a Chinese diplomat. Therefore, for example, conferences with the participation of dissidents from the Middle Kingdom are often held in Germany.
Today, China faces an extremely difficult choice. If the authorities begin to indulge "dissidents" and their patrons, then the PRC will inevitably suffer the tragic fate of the Soviet Union. It remains to pursue dissidents by the old tough methods, even if they went to confrontation with the West ...
On the other hand, if the Chinese leadership does not abandon the sometimes overwhelming desire to ensure, first of all, personal well-being, then its popularity will inevitably fall. Then the road to power will be open to various rogues and agents of Western influence.