Military Review

11437 Project - Ulyanovsk Heavy Aircraft Cruiser

Design work on the first full-fledged aircraft carrier with a nuclear power plant began in 1973. the development of an aircraft carrier project 1153, which involved the deployment of aircraft launched with the help of a catapult - MiG-23K fighter jets and Su-25K attack aircraft. The ship's displacement was 80000 tons and the size of the air group - 70 aircraft.

The death of Marshal Grechko, the Minister of Defense, who supported this project and the entry of Marshal Ustinov, who was not his supporter, to this post, caused the suspension and cancellation of its implementation in 1983.

The development of the heavy aircraft-carrying cruiser of the 1143.7 Ulyanovsk project began in the Nevsky Design Bureau in 1984, under the leadership of L.V. Belov (later replaced by Yu.M. Varfolomeev). The design took into account the experience of developing an aircraft carrier project 1160. It was supposed to build a ship 4. October 4 1988 of the head Ulyanovsk (serial number XXUMX) was included in the lists of the Navy and November 107 ships laid at the Black Sea Shipbuilding Plant No. XXUMX in Nikolaev. Entry into service was planned for December 25.

11437 Project - Ulyanovsk Heavy Aircraft Cruiser

The Ulyanovsk differed from the previous TAVKRs by the atomic power plant, the increased dimensions of the flight deck, springboard (vanishing angle 14 °) and two steam catapults (90 long). The ship had a high-breasted hull, made of steel along a longitudinal set system. The case was divided into 20 waterproof compartments. Superstructure ("island") was located on the starboard side. The booking system included box-shaped protection of ammunition cellars and anti-torpedo protection. The power plant consisted of 4 turbines and 4 reactors with a thermal capacity of 305 MW. Provision was made for auxiliary boilers capable of providing the ship with an 10 tie during a shut-down reactor. The source of electricity is the generator power 27000 kW. On board could be based up to 70 airplanes and helicopters: 20 MiG-29K, 25 Su-33, 8 Yak-44, 15 Ka-27PL, 2 Ka-27PS. For storage of the aircraft below deck, there was a hangar of size 175x32x7,9 m. They climbed to the flight deck using 3 lifts with a payload of 50 t (2 on the starboard and 1 on the left). In the stern part was placed the optical landing system "Moon".

Armament of the ship was to consist of 16 launchers protikokorabelnyh missiles "Granit", 4 installations SAM SM-9, 8 launchers "Dagger" (later "Broadsword"), 2 jet bombomotov RBU-12000, 8 six-barreled 30-mm gun mounts AK -630M. The radio equipment consisted of: Tron Diplomant CMS, Mars-Passat multifunctional complex, Podberezovik three-dimensional radar, Podkat-M low-flying target detection radar, Andromed navigation system, Tsentavr space communications system, Radar flight control "Resistor" and guidance system of fighter "Gazon", EW station "Sozvezdie-BR", GAS "Zvezda-M1".

With the advent of the Ulyanovsk TAKR, the domestic shipbuilding went global. In combat effectiveness, the ship could be quite comparable with American aircraft carriers of the Nimitz type and significantly outperform the French Charles de Gaulle.

The ship's hull was almost formed, but after the cessation of funding, it was 1 of November 1991 of the year was removed from construction (at 20% technical readiness) and excluded from the lists of ships of the Navy. 5 February 1992 of the year, on the orders of the President of Ukraine Kravchuk, began cutting his hull on the stockpile into metal (ended on October 29). I went to the smelter and metal for the second ship.

Performance characteristics

Displacement: 85000 t
according to other data: standard - 60000 t, full - 79758 t
Length: 323,7 m
on the waterline 302,6 m
Width: 39,5 m
Draft: about 10,7 m
Flight deck length: 323,7 m
Flight deck width: 75,5 m

Power plant
Type: Nuclear power plant (4-e reactor, 4 steam turbines)
Number of shafts: 4
Power: about 240000 hp
Speed, cruising range
Speed: 30 knots
Sailing range: n.d.
Autonomy: n.d.

Near 80 (according to other 60-85 data) of airplanes and helicopters
(Su-27, Su-25, Ka-32, Yak-44 (DRLO))
16 PU PKRK "Granit"
4 x 6 PU ZRK SM-9 (192 missiles)
8 x 30-mm 6-ti anti-aircraft guns AK-630M
8 installations of the Dirk complex (each with 2 x 30-mm guns and 3М-88 anti-aircraft missiles, 256 missiles, 48000 shells)
2 PU anti-submarine and anti-torpedo complex RPK-5 / Boa-1 (60 missiles)
2 catapult.

Other information
Team: - About 2300 people. officers fleet and sailors
- About 1500 people. flight technical composition.

Berezhnoy S.S. Soviet Navy 1945-1995. // Maritime collection. - 1995. - №1.
Beshanov V.V. Encyclopedia of aircraft carriers. / Ed. A.E. Taras. - M .: AST, Mn .: "Harvest", 2002. - S. 344.
Maureen A.B. Ship aviation and aircraft carriers of the domestic fleet. // Wings over the sea. - M .: "World of Aviation", "Technique of Youth", 1994. - S. 35-52.
Maureen A.B. Romance of the two elements. // Bulletin of aviation and astronautics. - 1997. - Vol. November December. - S. 76-77.
Nikolsky M.V. The development of aircraft carriers after the Second World War. Aircraft carriers of the USSR and Russia. // Technique and weapons. - 1998. - No.5-6. - S. 10-17.
Nikolsky M.V. Modern aircraft carriers. - M .: Astrel, AST, 2001. - S. 115-119.
USSR Ministry of Defense film about TAKR “Admiral fleet Soviet Union Kuznetsov ”, the project is different (11435), but it's worth watching this film.


Subscribe to our Telegram channel, regularly additional information about the special operation in Ukraine, a large amount of information, videos, something that does not fall on the site:

Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must sign in.
  1. Michael
    Michael 24 May 2011 12: 06
    Another accomplice of the humpbacked one noted that he was the secretary of ideology of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, then he wore the OUN-UPA soldiers, he plundered the Black Sea Shipping Company and called himself a gray fox - a dog that was shaky from the dump. And they cut it with the participation of the joint venture with the Pindos, and as they cut it, the co-founders with the ends disappeared.
    Fuck, Stalin would have stood up from the grave and put things in order with this riffraff. So plunder and destroy everything that people built and defended. Moral - deleted -
  2. Victor
    Victor 24 May 2011 20: 56
    So, the project of a heavy aircraft carrier was developed and was almost beginning to be implemented. So it’s up to you to make a political decision, especially since the Nikolaev shipyards are again at our service.
    1. Sewer krainiy
      Sewer krainiy 30 July 2017 15: 59
      They have been gone for a long time !!!
  3. PSih2097
    PSih2097 26 May 2011 19: 24
    Wait, it will probably cost $ 1,5 - 2 kkk, without an air wing, and instead of a mistral, the project 11780 "Ivan Tarava":
  4. Forward
    Forward 27 May 2011 09: 37
    You look at this in modern times and you want to cry. This Ulyanovsk was quite a bit inferior to the Americans in terms of aircraft wing and displacement.
    1. Ustinov 055 055
      Ustinov 055 055 31 October 2016 08: 22
      Here, they all pissed off. 4 ships were supposed to go in and humpbacked all the profound bastard
    CARTRIDGE 18 August 2011 10: 00
    Well, what kind of policy is this to blame responsibility on a person whose head is not all right!? Then it was Ustinov, now Serdyukov. You don’t need to go into that area about which you know no more than a child about building a rocket engine ...
  6. Denis
    Denis 28 September 2011 03: 38
    yes, those guys just didn’t eat, they nibbled and threw
  7. mind1954
    mind1954 28 September 2011 04: 12
    A "gantry crane" was specially purchased in Finland (it is in the photo).
    Looked good on American satellite photography (on it
    company name). Halves were collected on two stocks and lowered
    to the water, and docked at the wall. The project was interestingly called.
    By the way, at that time in Leningrad several were cut into metal,
    5 corpses or frigates laid on the slipways, it seems.

    PS The most amazing thing is that Grechko drove sailors and said:
    that you transfer time and money to any poliative specialist
    trivialized nonsense. Make normal universal
    aircraft carrier, like the Americans, and then he will be completely visible
    happy or not.
  8. mizantropi
    mizantropi 13 February 2012 22: 01
    Ah., Such beauty was profiled, what kind of Misral ... Oh, sorry!
  9. mamba
    mamba 16 August 2012 15: 38
    Russia is not lucky with the fleet. He became both our pride and pain.
    Later all, only under Peter, began to build a real fleet, but never became a truly naval power.
    All the victories of the Russian Black Sea Fleet, and the fleet itself was erased by the Crimean War.
    By the First World War, several expensive dreadnoughts were built, which in the Baltic Sea have stood the whole war, and their teams, with nothing to do, quickly decomposed and dived into revolutionary turmoil.
    In the sixties Khrushchev fired at the target of a post-war cruiser.
    By the seventies of the 20th century, they had grown to pocket aircraft carriers, but even here they got their hands on it.
    And in the nineties ... Then I want to swear, but this cry of the soul will still be deleted!
  10. Zabvo
    Zabvo 4 December 2012 08: 17
    I’m very sorry that we didn’t have time ... recourse
  11. Seregatim86
    Seregatim86 April 24 2015 09: 35
    Yes, it would be useful now, it’s very unfortunate that our fleet had a bandwagon, it was planned that aircraft carriers and eagles would be built, and much more.
  12. Ustinov 055 055
    Ustinov 055 055 31 October 2016 08: 25
    One can only hope that after the crisis passes, our leadership will finally give the team to build 8mi cruisers and 8 more ships of the 2nd rank so that together they could be a backlog for the construction of a new aircraft carrier for the Russian Navy