11437 Project - Ulyanovsk Heavy Aircraft Cruiser

Design work on the first full-fledged aircraft carrier with a nuclear power plant began in 1973. the development of an aircraft carrier project 1153, which involved the deployment of aircraft launched with the help of a catapult - MiG-23K fighter jets and Su-25K attack aircraft. The ship's displacement was 80000 tons and the size of the air group - 70 aircraft.

The death of Marshal Grechko, the Minister of Defense, who supported this project and the entry of Marshal Ustinov, who was not his supporter, to this post, caused the suspension and cancellation of its implementation in 1983.

The development of the heavy aircraft-carrying cruiser of the 1143.7 Ulyanovsk project began in the Nevsky Design Bureau in 1984, under the leadership of L.V. Belov (later replaced by Yu.M. Varfolomeev). The design took into account the experience of developing an aircraft carrier project 1160. It was supposed to build a ship 4. October 4 1988 of the head Ulyanovsk (serial number XXUMX) was included in the lists of the Navy and November 107 ships laid at the Black Sea Shipbuilding Plant No. XXUMX in Nikolaev. Entry into service was planned for December 25.

11437 Project - Ulyanovsk Heavy Aircraft Cruiser

The Ulyanovsk differed from the previous TAVKRs by the atomic power plant, the increased dimensions of the flight deck, springboard (vanishing angle 14 °) and two steam catapults (90 long). The ship had a high-breasted hull, made of steel along a longitudinal set system. The case was divided into 20 waterproof compartments. Superstructure ("island") was located on the starboard side. The booking system included box-shaped protection of ammunition cellars and anti-torpedo protection. The power plant consisted of 4 turbines and 4 reactors with a thermal capacity of 305 MW. Provision was made for auxiliary boilers capable of providing the ship with an 10 tie during a shut-down reactor. The source of electricity is the generator power 27000 kW. On board could be based up to 70 airplanes and helicopters: 20 MiG-29K, 25 Su-33, 8 Yak-44, 15 Ka-27PL, 2 Ka-27PS. For storage of the aircraft below deck, there was a hangar of size 175x32x7,9 m. They climbed to the flight deck using 3 lifts with a payload of 50 t (2 on the starboard and 1 on the left). In the stern part was placed the optical landing system "Moon".

Armament of the ship was to consist of 16 launchers protikokorabelnyh missiles "Granit", 4 installations SAM SM-9, 8 launchers "Dagger" (later "Broadsword"), 2 jet bombomotov RBU-12000, 8 six-barreled 30-mm gun mounts AK -630M. The radio equipment consisted of: Tron Diplomant CMS, Mars-Passat multifunctional complex, Podberezovik three-dimensional radar, Podkat-M low-flying target detection radar, Andromed navigation system, Tsentavr space communications system, Radar flight control "Resistor" and guidance system of fighter "Gazon", EW station "Sozvezdie-BR", GAS "Zvezda-M1".

With the advent of the Ulyanovsk TAKR, the domestic shipbuilding went global. In combat effectiveness, the ship could be quite comparable with American aircraft carriers of the Nimitz type and significantly outperform the French Charles de Gaulle.

The ship's hull was almost formed, but after the cessation of funding, it was 1 of November 1991 of the year was removed from construction (at 20% technical readiness) and excluded from the lists of ships of the Navy. 5 February 1992 of the year, on the orders of the President of Ukraine Kravchuk, began cutting his hull on the stockpile into metal (ended on October 29). I went to the smelter and metal for the second ship.

Performance characteristics

Displacement: 85000 t
according to other data: standard - 60000 t, full - 79758 t
Length: 323,7 m
on the waterline 302,6 m
Width: 39,5 m
Draft: about 10,7 m
Flight deck length: 323,7 m
Flight deck width: 75,5 m

Power plant
Type: Nuclear power plant (4-e reactor, 4 steam turbines)
Number of shafts: 4
Power: about 240000 hp
Speed, cruising range
Speed: 30 knots
Sailing range: n.d.
Autonomy: n.d.

Near 80 (according to other 60-85 data) of airplanes and helicopters
(Su-27, Su-25, Ka-32, Yak-44 (DRLO))
16 PU PKRK "Granit"
4 x 6 PU ZRK SM-9 (192 missiles)
8 x 30-mm 6-ti anti-aircraft guns AK-630M
8 installations of the Dirk complex (each with 2 x 30-mm guns and 3М-88 anti-aircraft missiles, 256 missiles, 48000 shells)
2 PU anti-submarine and anti-torpedo complex RPK-5 / Boa-1 (60 missiles)
2 catapult.

Other information
Team: - About 2300 people. officers fleet and sailors
- About 1500 people. flight technical composition.

Berezhnoy S.S. Soviet Navy 1945-1995. // Maritime collection. - 1995. - №1.
Beshanov V.V. Encyclopedia of aircraft carriers. / Ed. A.E. Taras. - M .: AST, Mn .: "Harvest", 2002. - S. 344.
Maureen A.B. Ship aviation and aircraft carriers of the domestic fleet. // Wings over the sea. - M .: "World of Aviation", "Technique of Youth", 1994. - S. 35-52.
Maureen A.B. Romance of the two elements. // Bulletin of aviation and astronautics. - 1997. - Vol. November December. - S. 76-77.
Nikolsky M.V. The development of aircraft carriers after the Second World War. Aircraft carriers of the USSR and Russia. // Technique and weapons. - 1998. - No.5-6. - S. 10-17.
Nikolsky M.V. Modern aircraft carriers. - M .: Astrel, AST, 2001. - S. 115-119.
USSR Ministry of Defense film about TAKR “Admiral fleet Soviet Union Kuznetsov ”, the project is different (11435), but it's worth watching this film.

Our news channels

Subscribe and stay up to date with the latest news and the most important events of the day.

Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must sign in.
  1. Michael
    24 May 2011
    Another accomplice of the humpbacked one noted that he was the secretary of ideology of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, then he wore the OUN-UPA soldiers, he plundered the Black Sea Shipping Company and called himself a gray fox - a dog that was shaky from the dump. And they cut it with the participation of the joint venture with the Pindos, and as they cut it, the co-founders with the ends disappeared.
    Fuck, Stalin would have stood up from the grave and put things in order with this riffraff. So plunder and destroy everything that people built and defended. Moral - deleted -
  2. +3
    24 May 2011
    So, the project of a heavy aircraft carrier was developed and was almost beginning to be implemented. So it’s up to you to make a political decision, especially since the Nikolaev shipyards are again at our service.
    1. 0
      July 30 2017
      They have been gone for a long time !!!
  3. +5
    26 May 2011
    Wait, it will probably cost $ 1,5 - 2 kkk, without an air wing, and instead of a mistral, the project 11780 "Ivan Tarava":
  4. +6
    27 May 2011
    You look at this in modern times and you want to cry. This Ulyanovsk was quite a bit inferior to the Americans in terms of aircraft wing and displacement.
    1. +3
      October 31 2016
      Here, they all pissed off. 4 ships were supposed to go in and humpbacked all the profound bastard
    August 18 2011
    Well, what kind of policy is this to blame responsibility on a person whose head is not all right!? Then it was Ustinov, now Serdyukov. You don’t need to go into that area about which you know no more than a child about building a rocket engine ...
  6. +1
    28 September 2011
    yes, those guys just didn’t eat, they nibbled and threw
  7. mind1954
    28 September 2011
    A "gantry crane" was specially purchased in Finland (it is in the photo).
    Looked good on American satellite photography (on it
    company name). Halves were collected on two stocks and lowered
    to the water, and docked at the wall. The project was interestingly called.
    By the way, at that time in Leningrad several were cut into metal,
    5 corpses or frigates laid on the slipways, it seems.

    PS The most amazing thing is that Grechko drove sailors and said:
    that you transfer time and money to any poliative specialist
    trivialized nonsense. Make normal universal
    aircraft carrier, like the Americans, and then he will be completely visible
    happy or not.
  8. +3
    February 13 2012
    Ah., Such beauty was profiled, what kind of Misral ... Oh, sorry!
  9. mamba
    August 16 2012
    Russia is not lucky with the fleet. He became both our pride and pain.
    Later all, only under Peter, began to build a real fleet, but never became a truly naval power.
    All the victories of the Russian Black Sea Fleet, and the fleet itself was erased by the Crimean War.
    By the First World War, several expensive dreadnoughts were built, which in the Baltic Sea have stood the whole war, and their teams, with nothing to do, quickly decomposed and dived into revolutionary turmoil.
    In the sixties Khrushchev fired at the target of a post-war cruiser.
    By the seventies of the 20th century, they had grown to pocket aircraft carriers, but even here they got their hands on it.
    And in the nineties ... Then I want to swear, but this cry of the soul will still be deleted!
  10. +2
    December 4 2012
    I’m very sorry that we didn’t have time ... recourse
  11. Seregatim86
    April 24 2015
    Yes, it would be useful now, it’s very unfortunate that our fleet had a bandwagon, it was planned that aircraft carriers and eagles would be built, and much more.
  12. +1
    October 31 2016
    One can only hope that after the crisis passes, our leadership will finally give the team to build 8mi cruisers and 8 more ships of the 2nd rank so that together they could be a backlog for the construction of a new aircraft carrier for the Russian Navy

"Right Sector" (banned in Russia), "Ukrainian Insurgent Army" (UPA) (banned in Russia), ISIS (banned in Russia), "Jabhat Fatah al-Sham" formerly "Jabhat al-Nusra" (banned in Russia) , Taliban (banned in Russia), Al-Qaeda (banned in Russia), Anti-Corruption Foundation (banned in Russia), Navalny Headquarters (banned in Russia), Facebook (banned in Russia), Instagram (banned in Russia), Meta (banned in Russia), Misanthropic Division (banned in Russia), Azov (banned in Russia), Muslim Brotherhood (banned in Russia), Aum Shinrikyo (banned in Russia), AUE (banned in Russia), UNA-UNSO (banned in Russia), Mejlis of the Crimean Tatar People (banned in Russia), Legion “Freedom of Russia” (armed formation, recognized as terrorist in the Russian Federation and banned)

“Non-profit organizations, unregistered public associations or individuals performing the functions of a foreign agent,” as well as media outlets performing the functions of a foreign agent: “Medusa”; "Voice of America"; "Realities"; "Present time"; "Radio Freedom"; Ponomarev; Savitskaya; Markelov; Kamalyagin; Apakhonchich; Makarevich; Dud; Gordon; Zhdanov; Medvedev; Fedorov; "Owl"; "Alliance of Doctors"; "RKK" "Levada Center"; "Memorial"; "Voice"; "Person and law"; "Rain"; "Mediazone"; "Deutsche Welle"; QMS "Caucasian Knot"; "Insider"; "New Newspaper"