Military Review

Will not come to the rescue

73



Russia's invasion of the Crimean peninsula and the growing fear that Moscow will use its energy resources to impose its conditions on Ukraine and the European Union have caused a wave of statements from the US that their own energy resources will be used to save Europe. The statement of Gazprom, in which the company threatened to cut off gas supplies to Ukraine, whose debts to the Russian exporter amounted to almost $ 2 billion, added fuel to the fire; In addition, Ukraine violates the payment schedule.

In the situation around the US energy supply, there is one small problem: in the US there is one type of energy that can help Europe in the short term, but this is not natural gas. The United States will not be able to export significant amounts of liquefied natural gas (LNG) for many years, since most of the gas has already been contracted by consumers under signed long-term contracts; In addition, Europe will have to compete with Asia, whose countries are willing to pay much higher prices for the remaining insignificant amounts.

This nuance can be news for the Congress, whose high-ranking members declare that gas supplies to Ukraine will easily stimulate the shaky economy of this country, as well as provide support to its pro-Western government. In his article in the Wall Street Journal, the speaker of the House of Representatives and Ohio Republican from the State of Ohio called on the US to “release” its “natural energy” as weapons against Russian aggressor Vladimir Putin by speeding up the process of issuing LNG export licenses to gas terminals. A number of congressmen are introducing more and more new bills aimed at speeding up the procedure for exporting gas from the US: for example, March 12, Republican from Ohio, Michael Turner, introduced a bill allowing US gas to be exported to all WTO members. On the same day, the ambassadors of Hungary, Poland, the Czech Republic and Slovakia sent letters to the Speaker of the House of Representatives, as well as to the leader of the Senate Majority Democrat from Nevada, to simplify the procedure for exporting gas to save their European allies.

Former Barack Obama’s energy adviser Jason Bordoff said on the pages of the online version of Foreign Policy magazine that the US can use its gas advantage against Russia. The US Strategic Research Institute Heritage Foundation insists that American gas be the backbone of US allies in the Baltic States. The New York Times and the Wall Street Journal wrote about the hysteria in Washington about the transformation of huge reserves of natural gas into a geopolitical asset. This is facilitated by the call of the State Department to use natural gas as an instrument of diplomacy. The main message of the lobbyists: having huge reserves of natural gas, the United States must “pull all the dogs”, as in the old days, to Russia.

At the same time, all the above-mentioned calls overlook one fundamental detail: a simple simplification of the export of American gas will not be able to automatically assist the “friends” in distress, especially if we consider that Asian importers of American gas are ready and able to pay much higher prices for supplies, than anyone. Michael Levy, energy expert of the US Council on Foreign Relations, noted in his commentary to Foreign Policy magazine that he could issue as many permits and licenses as he wanted, but gas operators would not want to lose profits only so that the United States could achieve its geopolitical goals. In his blog on the website of the US Council on Foreign Relations 5, March Levy also wrote about the limited use of American gas as a diplomatic tool.

These statements do not mean that energy exports cannot be used by the United States in the long term. Over the past 5 years, the shale gas revolution using hydraulic shock technology has given access to huge gas reserves, which has already changed the structure of the US energy sector, revived some of the manufacturing industries, and also provided a chance to use gas as an alternative fuel for motor vehicles. Naturally, the export of a part of the gas produced in the United States and, subsequently, of oil, will have a positive effect on the country's trade balance and will throw additional volume of liquidity to world markets. Increasing the number of oil and gas suppliers will reduce the likelihood of supply disruptions and protect market participants from price hikes. The increase in export volumes on the world market will make it possible to realize some foreign policy goals: for example, new sanctions against the oil industry of Iran will cost “less blood”. However, this does not mean that now, when Russia hints at the cessation of gas supplies to Ukraine, as well as the rise in gas prices for Europe, the United States is able to use its gas supplies as a lifeline for Ukraine and Europe. The first thing to understand is that the construction of special gas liquefaction terminals and its injection into special LNG tankers requires years and billions of investments. The US Department of Energy approved only 6 out of more than 30 applications for the construction of LNG terminals for gas supplies to countries with which the US has not entered into free trade agreements. The Bloomberg news agency reported that, according to US Secretary of Energy Ernest Moniz, who spoke at a conference in Houston, Texas, in the first days of March, the ministry actually approved only one license, which means that the gas will not be exported anytime soon. will do. Only one terminal of the company Cheniere Energy, located in Sabine Pass, Louisiana, went through all licensing procedures. The company has received permission and intends to start exporting LNG at the end of 2015. The rest of the LNG terminals that are waiting for their turn, if they are put into operation, then not earlier than 2018.

In theory, the volume of gas that can be supplied through LNG terminals awaiting approval of their applications is enough to satisfy 2 / 3 in Europe’s annual gas consumption. Even if only a few LNG terminals will be built in the end, the likely export volumes will theoretically be able to provide Europe with a significant amount of gas that it consumes annually (gas consumption by European countries is approximately 18 trillion mNUMX / year). In practice, the situation is as follows: before allocating funds for the construction of modern LNG terminals, LNG suppliers must conclude long-term gas supply contracts with existing consumers. Those terminals that have already received permission from the Department of Energy have contracts for the supply of LNG to energy companies in Japan, South Korea and India. For example, Japanese companies have signed contracts for the supply of LNG with 3 from 4 LNG terminals, which have already received permission from the US Department of Energy. Of the European companies, only a few players signed long-term contracts for the supply of American LNG. At the same time, of all contracts signed by European companies, the share of contracts involving so-called “Portfolio gas sales”, in which the buyer can receive gas as needed (which is what Europe needs to replace gas supplies from Russia) is negligible. In other words, even when LNG terminals in the United States are commissioned and reach maximum capacity (this happens in 6 of the year), most of the total LNG volumes will be contracted by companies from Asia.

Another obstacle [to the American LNG on the way to Europe (note lane)] is the price factor. Until recently, natural gas in the United States was a cheap energy source, but not because of a revolution in hydraulic hammer technology, but because of an oversupply in the energy market. Over the past few years, the cost of gas at the Henry Hub gas terminal [the main pricing platform on the US gas market (lane note)] has varied within 2 - 4 dollars per 1 million British thermal units. However, due to severe frosts and rising gas consumption, prices rose sharply: in the first week of March, the price at the Henry Hub terminal was 7 dollars for 1 million British thermal units, which was the highest price. This is important for export, because gas must be liquefied and transported over a distance of thousands of kilometers, which increases its market price. Logistics costs for supplying gas to Europe are expected to increase the price by approximately 4 dollars, while similar costs for supplying gas to Asia will increase the price of 6 dollars (due to the greater distance). In addition, since gas becomes more expensive on the domestic market, it becomes more difficult to allocate gas for export. Most European countries buy Russian gas at a price of 10-11 dollars for 1 million British thermal units, which already creates a lot of competition for American LNG. LNG is supplied to countries in Asia at higher prices than to other regions - at 15 dollars for 1 million British thermal units. This price provides American gas with market positions, since Japan needs gas to replace the affected nuclear power plants, while China hopes to reduce the environmental burden created by the local energy sector with gas. It also means that American LNG exporters will look primarily towards consumers in Asia who are ready to pay a higher price, and not towards consumers in Europe who are not willing to pay a higher price.

Nevertheless, in the US arsenal there is still one “energy weapon” that can help Europe solve some of its problems, but which the Obama administration is not in a hurry to use and which horrifies European “green” - cheap coal available in the US in huge quantities. In recent years, because of the gas revolution in the United States, "King Coal" [as American industry analysts call coal because of its widespread use (lane note)] has been removed from its pedestal in the US energy market. In this regard, the natural substitute for the domestic market is the external one. In 2012, the United States set a world record for coal exports, and despite a clear decline in 2013, the US coal industry showed one of the best results in the whole world. history coal exports.

Despite all the talk about the "coal starvation" in China, Europe was and remains the main importer of American coal. Unlike LNG terminals, coal terminals operate at full capacity; in contrast to the rather complicated regulatory mechanism in the field of gas export, coal is sold freely; Europeans do not need to build expensive new terminals to import coal. There is only one problem: coal, unlike gas, causes significantly more harm to the environment, because during combustion it emits 2 times more carbon dioxide. Europe over the years sought to reduce emissions of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere in order to make the energy industry environmentally friendly, even though due to the expensive natural gas of its own production and cheap American coal, these attempts have been difficult for the last few years.

However, as Europe fights against such challenges as energy security in the long term, global warming and the fear of losing competitiveness, while at the same time wanting to eliminate the threat of a sudden failure of energy supplies from Russia in the short term, coal can become the US export energy source, which will restore the balance.
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http://www.foreignpolicy.com/
73 comments
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  1. siberko
    siberko 20 May 2014 14: 06
    +19
    Fart gas and coal will quickly bring you to your senses ...
    1. Sid.74
      Sid.74 20 May 2014 14: 09
      +14
      To skip or not to skip - that is the question.
      1. Luzhichanin
        Luzhichanin 20 May 2014 14: 13
        +6
        Yes, there is a feeling that:
        they decided to completely spoil the nature of North America, making maximum use of the subsoil, and earn grandmother, while there is a conjuncture and a yellowstone banged.
        The conjuncture is provided here and there by periodically arising "democratic revolutions", which, in principle, makes the extraction more profitable even than the "pastor"
        1. Hans51
          Hans51 20 May 2014 14: 15
          +33
          Stock up on gas until it's too late, the gay men ... laughing
          1. MG42
            MG42 20 May 2014 14: 40
            +11
            ___________
            1. MG42
              MG42 20 May 2014 14: 42
              +10
              although it's better this way >>
          2. Muadipus
            Muadipus 20 May 2014 15: 36
            +12
            Let them sow bamboo, a lot of wood is needed
          3. mamont5
            mamont5 20 May 2014 16: 29
            +3
            Quote: Hans51
            Stock up on gas until it's too late, the gay men ... laughing


            They are cunning, they have already stocked up. Enough for the summer, but by winter, where a high-flown tone and arrogant threats will disappear. Europe will have to beg there. What about Ukraine? Will she still be? ..
            1. yushch
              yushch 20 May 2014 18: 56
              +3
              Is it really possible to just take and switch from gas to coal? We'll have to change gas equipment to equipment for burning coal.
        2. smile
          smile 20 May 2014 15: 13
          +9
          Luzhichanin
          Yes, the Americans decided to really make full use of the subsoil. They are actively striving for the energy market .... it is customary for us to shout that we are on the needle for exporting hydrocarbons - the Americans, it turns out, are making serious efforts to "get on" this needle. :)))
          Even they themselves consider their prospects in different ways - some of their experts say that LNG exports from the United States will gradually increase until it roughly equals ours, while others - that none of this will work out. But both of them periodically blather about the need to force Russia out of the European market ... and replace it with oneself, loved ones. :)))
          And the efforts are really being made. By the way, the number of licenses obtained by American companies for the export of oil and gas annually increases by about a third, if sclerosis does not change ..
          Now here is a proposal to move Europe to coal ... yeah, close nuclear power plants, abandon gas, switch to coal ... the United States is going to arrange good prospects for Europe ... and at the same time earn extra money, completely suppressing even the embryonic independence of Europe ... the main thing to annoy the Russians ... at the expense of the Europeans .... strange. that they have not yet offered the Europeans to heat their homes "in black" and to plow on horses .... :))))
          And about that. that Europe can easily solve the problem of energy security simply by stopping supporting the neo-Nazis and putting a little pressure on them, no one, of course, comes to mind .... water is wonderful in the oblast .... :)))
      2. Sterlya
        Sterlya 20 May 2014 14: 27
        +9
        Coal was a good idea. All geyropa dying from carbon dioxide, can die out slowly. Once the gay men themselves push everywhere, just to please their occupiers
        1. 1812 1945
          1812 1945 20 May 2014 15: 54
          +1
          Quote: Sterlya
          Coal was a good idea. All geyropa dying from carbon dioxide, can die out slowly. Once the gay men themselves push everywhere, just to please their occupiers

          As you can see, all the declared humanistic aspirations of "developed democracies" are the very sound that is heard when they produce the coveted "pea" gas. For the sake of achieving their "Bilderberg government" such a longed-for power over humanity, they are ready to dirtiest everything around them so that there will be no one to rule over. And consequently - and themselves. Stop the Anglo-Saxons - stop the process of self-destruction of civilization.
        2. skullcap
          skullcap 20 May 2014 16: 15
          +1
          Quote: Sterlya
          Good idea, coal.

          I hope that the Europeans have not forgotten about acid rain.
        3. The comment was deleted.
    2. smart ass
      smart ass 20 May 2014 14: 16
      +9
      Where to find such pea plantations for fart gas?
      1. Arsenal
        Arsenal 20 May 2014 14: 18
        +6
        Where to find such pea plantations for fart gas?

        In Dill, there is a lot of black soil. Let them plant .. lol
        1. Sid.74
          Sid.74 20 May 2014 14: 22
          +19
          The leadership of the proclaimed Donetsk People's Republic (DPR) decided to begin the process of nationalization.
          As the correspondent reported. ITAR-TASS in the press service of the DPR, said the head of the Presidium of the Supreme Council Denis Pushilin during a short press briefing. "In connection with the reluctance of regional oligarchs to pay taxes to the budget of the DPR, it was decided to start the process of nationalization," said Pushilin.
          Source: http://itar-tass.com/mezhdunarodnaya-panorama/1199312
          Ahmetushka will ride with delight! lol
          1. Gomunkul
            Gomunkul 20 May 2014 14: 56
            +2
            The leadership of the proclaimed Donetsk People's Republic (DPR) decided to begin the process of nationalization.
            And I thought why it suddenly Akhmetov calls his subordinates to strike. lol
            DONETSK, May 20 - RIA Novosti. The "warning strike" initiated by the Ukrainian oligarch Rinat Akhmetov against the actions of the militias in eastern Ukraine started on Tuesday at noon in the Donbass, RIA Novosti reports.


            RIA Novosti http://ria.ru/world/20140520/1008538282.html#ixzz32FhMX7ot
          2. The comment was deleted.
          3. Alexander Romanov
            Alexander Romanov 20 May 2014 15: 04
            +2
            Quote: Sid.74
            "Due to the reluctance of regional oligarchs to pay taxes to the DNR budget, it was decided to start the process of nationalization."

            Well, I told you, and you Ahmetka, Ahmetka laughing
        2. smart ass
          smart ass 20 May 2014 14: 33
          +4
          And pravoseki let guzzle and shit .... Battalion Donbass1 PLI !! Donbass 2 PLII !!! and so on, what difference does it make to them, all the same, they’ll mess up ... when they see the militia, and at least it will be useful!
    3. MOISEY
      MOISEY 20 May 2014 14: 28
      +6
      Yeah, but coal must be exported from Donbas. Thus, Europe will carefully support the Donetsk Republic. It remains only to nationalize the mines.
      1. maximus235
        maximus235 20 May 2014 15: 20
        +2
        Ahmetka has already sung her song about the genocide of Donbas by separatists
    4. asar
      asar 20 May 2014 14: 41
      +2
      I’ll add: fart..chiy gas, my own dung and charcoal!
      1. Penzyac
        Penzyac 20 May 2014 15: 18
        +1
        Quote: asar
        I’ll add: fart..chiy gas, my own dung and charcoal!

        You have gone too far with charcoal, do you need a tree for it, again from Russia to buy?
        And there is many times more coal in Russia than in America. Almost all of eastern Siberia, especially Yakutia, is an almost continuous coal deposit, where it has trillions of tons of reserves (even in the Soviet school they studied geography). These reserves are reserved for the future.
        Concerning American gas plans: promptly applied light dumping is a good cooler for the claims of all overseas competitors. In my opinion, Gazprom and our government can very well afford it. Let the USA then complain at least to the WTO. And Russia is now rapidly building and expanding the infrastructure for LNG exports.
        By the way, back in Soviet times, technologies were developed for liquefying and even gasifying coal by hydrating it (a kind of oil is obtained from coal). Such transformed coal can be easily transported through pipes (the only question is price).
  2. Arsenal
    Arsenal 20 May 2014 14: 07
    +7
    All, Geyropeyskoy, energy-economics, translate into coal?
    Oh well. Get started today.
    And we started laying gas pipelines to China.
    1. dmitriygorshkov
      dmitriygorshkov 20 May 2014 14: 32
      +4
      Quote: Arsenal
      All, Geyropeyskoy, energy-economics, translate into coal?

      In London, there were already serious problems because of this: http: //www.pravda.ru/society/family/medicine/13-12-2011/1101893-ecology-0/
      It is unlikely that they dream of repetition.
      The total that we see in the bottom line? The states, as always, are not doing business! What are they hoping for, making unfulfilled promises? One conclusion is, they want to drag it to their side NOW! This is very important for them!
      Maybe they know something that we don’t know?
      1. APASUS
        APASUS 20 May 2014 20: 21
        0
        Quote: dmitriygorshkov
        The total that we see in the bottom line? The states, as always, are not doing business! What are they hoping for, making unfulfilled promises? One conclusion is, they want to drag it to their side NOW! This is very important for them!

        If the United States can tell their companies where to not supply gas, they cannot force them to sell at a loss. This has not happened in the history of the United States.
        So, Europe and Ukraine do not threaten gas from the USA, and so much is written on the fence, and there is firewood!
  3. lexxxus
    lexxxus 20 May 2014 14: 08
    +6
    cheap coal, available in the United States in huge quantities.

    And gas stoves will be replaced by potbelly stoves ...laughing
  4. cerbuk6155
    cerbuk6155 20 May 2014 14: 08
    +7
    EUROPE will not get anywhere from the RUSSIAN gas. Gas from the United States will be 40% more expensive. No one will buy such expensive gas. And the United States will not do discounts for them.
    1. The comment was deleted.
    2. nvv
      nvv 20 May 2014 15: 24
      +1
      Who benefits from this? USA. Why? State debt. How to pay off? New markets. Where? Europe. But is Europe tied to Russia? Dilute. How? War. What about ecology? Shit. And if there is not enough gas? You are already divorced. Your problems.
  5. kot28.ru
    kot28.ru 20 May 2014 14: 08
    +20
    Who invaded whom ??? angry
    1. avia1991
      avia1991 20 May 2014 15: 17
      +3
      GA-HA-HA-HA-HA !!! GYYYY .. laughing crying laughing Oh, I can’t .. Literally slipped out of the chair! Thanks for the healthy laugh!
  6. Oleg Sobol
    Oleg Sobol 20 May 2014 14: 12
    +10
    Another crazy article from an author who is "not in the subject."
    Europe and so long ago, one of the largest importers of coal from the United States.
    To present an idea that has been implemented for decades, is it interesting for whom such "cleverness"?
    The USA cannot increase coal production, they already work to the limit, given that Canada is the main export market.
    It turns out that there is no LNG, there is coal, and so it remains that same Russian gas ... Like it or not.
    Moreover, the production of shale gas, in fact, is declining, and all the hysteria that it is going uphill is, in fact, a propaganda marketing move (not to mention the environmental damage). It’s not in vain that a company was organized in Ukraine ... They don’t give a damn about foreign land, downloaded the loot, and then the grass doesn’t grow ... And there’s not only grass, there won’t be anything to grow ...
    1. _my opinion
      _my opinion 20 May 2014 15: 50
      +3
      I can add about shale gas:
      - heat emitted during its combustion two and a half times (!!!) less than that of natural gas belay
      - it is practically impossible to determine the exact volume of gas in a shale field ... For example: in 2008, Exxon-Mobile, Marathon, Talisman Energy and 3Legs Resources estimated shale gas deposits in Poland by trillions of cubic meters.
      By the end of 2012, all these companies stopped exploration in Poland, making sure that shale gas suitable for commercial development in the country not at all. request

      more details on Starikov's website: http://nstarikov.ru/blog/39970
      1. bubalik
        bubalik 20 May 2014 15: 59
        +2
        _My opinion RU  Today, 15: 50 I can add about shale gas:


        ,,, Apparently, the United States plans to turn Ukraine into a testing ground for dirty energy technologies. Interestingly, he was appointed a member of the board of directors of the Ukrainian gas company Burisma Holdings (the management company is registered in a Cyprus offshore). Hunter biden, the youngest son of US Vice President Joseph Biden... It was after the latter's visit to Ukraine (when he unashamedly chaired a meeting of the so-called "Ukrainian government") that the Kiev regime launched a punitive operation against Donbass, targeting Slavyansknear which the main reserves of shale gas are concentrated... It is no coincidence that in March and April, the false governor of the Donetsk region, Sergei Taruta, publicly called for an early start of shale gas development in the Donbass. Another high-ranking US official got his piece of the "shale pie" Devon archer - a friend of the family of the US Secretary of State John Kerry. The company was appointed overseas appointees Alexander Kwasniewski, former president of Poland - a faithful satellite of the USA. (c)

        ,,, as they say: "It's nothing personal, it's just business" (c) what
      2. The comment was deleted.
    2. maximus235
      maximus235 20 May 2014 16: 06
      0
      So just look where the article comes from and who the author is.
      Keith Johnson

      Another mattress propaganda article
  7. mackonya
    mackonya 20 May 2014 14: 13
    +7
    You look, read and wonder how far the EU is ready to go, just to do "bad" to Russia, they are ready to pay more for gas, but if only not to Russia, they are ready to use coal, even if it is harmful to the environment, but if only Russia does not buy gas.
    1. Blondy
      Blondy 20 May 2014 14: 39
      +2
      They're not fucking ready. All these blah-blah-blah, wishful thinking, are intended only to create the appearance of a "successful struggle for a just cause" among the western man in the street. Remember at least the Mistral, not to mention the Germans, Italians, gas and cooperation with Russia.
    2. asar
      asar 20 May 2014 14: 45
      +2
      And to us. And Vaska listens, but eats! Madden further geyropa! In addition to Russia, you have no other choice! How not to dodge! And we will sit and chuckle !!! laughing
      1. avia1991
        avia1991 20 May 2014 15: 19
        +1
        Quote: asar
        And we will sit and chuckle !!!

        Well, why .. We’ll also tease - we’ll start pumping gas to China! tongue
  8. zanoza
    zanoza 20 May 2014 14: 15
    +12
    Everything is ordinary. USA puffs out her cheeks. Puffs up and creates another soap bubble.
    Here it is (gas), but it is not (practically). Mi-ra-ji ...
    This fairy tale about American liquefied gas for Europe is already quite tired.
    If the Europeans believe in it, well, let yourself indulge in a pipe dream.
    1. _my opinion
      _my opinion 20 May 2014 15: 59
      0
      That's right, here's the news about the cost of liquefied gas:
      "Media: American gas will cost Europe two times more expensive than Russian what
      Shale gas from the United States, which can replace Russian gas, will cost Europe twice as much, European media report. Washington previously announced its readiness to increase US gas supplies to the EU in order to "impede the dominance of the Russian supplier."
      20 May 2014, 08: 55

      Original article: http://russian.rt.com/article/32661#ixzz32FwPqdS4
  9. mig31
    mig31 20 May 2014 14: 15
    +6
    Well, ladies and gentlemen of the Geyropeans, are you ready to plunge into the recent past!?. Imagine a captivated European sky ...
    1. thrower
      thrower 20 May 2014 20: 24
      +1
      And in my opinion everything will be just fine - wheeled steamers, steam locomotives with water boilers, horses in cities. Europe - forward to the 19 century!
  10. Giant thought
    Giant thought 20 May 2014 14: 16
    +4
    In Europe, its own coal is enough, and Europe will not import it on a huge scale. But there are problems with gas, so Europeans will not lose Russian gas because of American ambitions, this is already evident from the statements of major political figures from Europe. So, at the expense of gas sales to Europe, we can be calm, and here the Chinese market is also turning up. We will bargain.
  11. Bobxnumx
    Bobxnumx 20 May 2014 14: 18
    +1
    Asia policy: "We promised, but we didn't promise to deliver." The Americans are going the same way. The task is to tear away from Russia, and then we'll see.
  12. Arh
    Arh 20 May 2014 14: 19
    +6
    ))) ha ha ha))) the mattresses on the turd out fool wassat tongue laughing
  13. jktu66
    jktu66 20 May 2014 14: 19
    +15
    Russian invasion of the Crimean peninsula
    As a Sevastopol man I categorically do not accept such statements! angry
    1. avia1991
      avia1991 20 May 2014 15: 25
      +1
      Foreign Translations

      Well, well .. what do you want from gamers? They are with languages ​​in .. the same request
      I am glad that they come up with such an analysis.
    2. Penzyac
      Penzyac 20 May 2014 15: 44
      +1
      Quote: jktu66
      Russian invasion of the Crimean peninsula
      As a Sevastopol man I categorically do not accept such statements! angry

      And I do not accept, as a Russian.
      1. marder4
        marder4 20 May 2014 19: 06
        +1
        and the Americans and the invaders and terrorists are all but them ...
  14. Neighbor
    Neighbor 20 May 2014 14: 21
    +3
    And Ukraine, one must think, gas "not from Russia" will be free ...
  15. Bort radist
    Bort radist 20 May 2014 14: 23
    0
    Passenger train collided with a freight train in the suburbs. The attack?
    1. Arsenal
      Arsenal 20 May 2014 14: 29
      0
      According to the GUMChS, freight and passenger trains collided after the “freight train” went off the rails.

      A kink in the side frame of the wagon’s carriage could cause a passenger train to get off the rails in the Moscow Region, a passenger familiar with the situation told RIA Novosti.

      “It could have become a kink (of the side frame of a freight wagon trolley),” the source said, noting that the causes of the emergency are still being clarified.

      Indicative is also the statistics on the detection of defects in these parts at the points of technical inspection of cars: in 2008, they were identified 3,7 thousand, in 2010 - 12,3 thousand.
    2. Arsenal
      Arsenal 20 May 2014 14: 33
      0
      Unfortunately, there were some casualties.
  16. waisson
    waisson 20 May 2014 14: 27
    +9
    ----------------- hi
  17. Echelon
    Echelon 20 May 2014 14: 29
    +4
    It’s not yet evening, LNG from the USA to Europe will be able to come, at best, in a year via 4, and they will start freezing this winter.
  18. Roman 1977
    Roman 1977 20 May 2014 14: 30
    +11
    I propose to the Kienva leadership to switch exclusively to natural patriotic fart gas produced during Svidomo jumps on the Maidan.

    Obtained in this way:
  19. bulvas
    bulvas 20 May 2014 14: 31
    +4
    What kind of nonsense, gas was supplied to Europe since the days of the USSR, no one ever complained.

    Even then, when the first gas pipeline of the USSR was pierced - Western Europe, the Americans tried to do everything possible to prevent Europe from concluding an agreement with the USSR on gas.

    How many more people must die (Syria, Ukraine) so that they (Americans) calm down

    1. Penzyac
      Penzyac 20 May 2014 15: 47
      +2
      Quote: bulvas
      What kind of nonsense, gas was supplied to Europe since the days of the USSR, no one ever complained.

      Even then, when the first gas pipeline of the USSR was pierced - Western Europe, the Americans tried to do everything possible to prevent Europe from concluding an agreement with the USSR on gas.

      How many more people must die (Syria, Ukraine) so that they (Americans) calm down

      One Negro in America is Enough!
  20. Children BuryKonya
    Children BuryKonya 20 May 2014 14: 34
    +1
    Despite all the talk about “coal hunger” in China ..

    The peak of coal in China is 2025-2027. At the peak they will be able to add about 5 million. tons per year. But for this you need to solve a lot of problems.
    There is only one problem: coal, unlike gas, does much more harm to the environment, since it emits 2 times more carbon dioxide during combustion

    So what to do? If you want to live, you’ll not get so excited.
  21. engineer74
    engineer74 20 May 2014 14: 36
    +3
    This nuance may be news for Congress, whose senior members declare that gas supplies to Ukraine will easily stimulate the shaky economy of this country, as well as support its pro-Western government. Speaker of the House of Representatives and Ohio Republican John Bener in his article in the Wall Street Journal called on the US to “release” its “natural energy” as a weapon against Russian aggressor Vladimir Putin, accelerating the process of issuing LNG export licenses to gas terminals

    I don’t understand something, the last ten years the states have blamed Russia in using gas as a political tool ...
    1. bulvas
      bulvas 20 May 2014 14: 41
      +4
      Quote: engineer74
      I don’t understand something, for the last ten years the states have accused Russia of using gas as a political tool ...



      By the way, why is everyone silent about this?

      Urgently convey to our politicians and media figures, let them start shouting about it
      1. engineer74
        engineer74 20 May 2014 18: 22
        -1
        Quote: bulvas


        Urgently convey to our politicians and media figures, let them start shouting about it

        Vladimir Putin convincingly spoke about double standards back in Munich, but all these statements of ours are useless, there are no double standards - just our "partners", quite sincerely, today forget that they screamed at the top of their lungs yesterday. For them, this is a normal state, therefore, they must be silently, effectively and effectively treated for political sclerosis, which is what our leaders are doing.
        IMHO
  22. St.S.S.
    St.S.S. 20 May 2014 14: 41
    +1
    Russian invasion of the Crimean peninsula

    And when was the invasion ??? I don’t remember something like that in my lifetime!
    1. Penzyac
      Penzyac 20 May 2014 15: 51
      +1
      Quote: St. Sergeant
      Russian invasion of the Crimean peninsula

      And when was the invasion ??? I don’t remember something like that in my lifetime!

      For a long time it was, back in the XNUMXth century, under the leadership of Potemkin.
      1. ks
        ks 20 May 2014 17: 25
        0
        In the XVII century. Potemkin still did not hang a drop.
  23. anfil
    anfil 20 May 2014 14: 42
    +3
    Europe and so long ago, one of the largest importers of coal from the United States.
    To present an idea that has been implemented for decades, is it interesting for whom such "cleverness"?

    A little bit of "cold water"

    Over the past five years, coal prices have fallen by more than a third from pre-crisis levels. In 2013, the average price of coal imported into the EU on the cellular market was $ 82 per metric ton. Such a low price of imported coal has had a serious impact on domestic producers of raw materials, which are already experiencing hard times due to the EU greenhouse gas emission reduction program.

    These are tough times for the global coal industry, which has been criticized by regulators in recent years and also suffered from the shale boom in the United States. Now coal generates about 39% of electricity in the US compared to 55% in 1990. Low domestic demand emphasized the need for the United States to export, which for the third year in a row has reached record volumes - more than 100 million tons. The EU has imported 47,2 million tons of American coal in last year compared to 13,6 million tons in 2003. Exports to the UK alone increased 10 times in the same period. Last year, the United States took the second place after Russia in terms of coal supplies to Europe and could further increase its market share if disagreements against the backdrop of the Ukrainian crisis prevented Russian supplies to the region, WSJ writes.

    Germany's decision to phase out nuclear power following the Fukushima accident in Japan has also made the country an important buyer of US coal, largely due to its cheapness. "Before the financial crisis, Europe was willing to support the environment, but when the economy started to hit, it was not quite ready to accept high energy prices," so energy consumers returned to coal, says Morningstar Inc. analyst Daniel Rohr.

    Since 2003, US coal supplies to Germany have grown to more than 15 million tons with less than 1 million tons. A representative of E.on, one of Europe’s largest energy concerns, says the company now buys more than 4 million tons of coal per year in the USA Compared to 800 000 t in 2010, E.on operates power plants in several European countries.
  24. Vlad Gore
    Vlad Gore 20 May 2014 14: 44
    0
    Quote: Oleg Sobol
    Another crazy article from an author who is "not in the subject."
    Europe and so long ago, one of the largest importers of coal from the United States.
    To present an idea that has been implemented for decades, is it interesting for whom such "cleverness"?

    I agree. Another American doctor, the thought grows richer. laughing
  25. rf xnumx
    rf xnumx 20 May 2014 14: 46
    +7
    GAS is POWER!
  26. tolmachiev51
    tolmachiev51 20 May 2014 14: 46
    +1
    Since June 1, we will turn off the tap and we will see !!!!
  27. jovanni
    jovanni 20 May 2014 14: 46
    +1
    It is necessary for the mattresses to adopt a new law - on the recognition of peas as a strategic commodity.
  28. Alex_sw4
    Alex_sw4 20 May 2014 14: 57
    0
    One BUT. Shale gas is a very powerful blow to the environment. Milking Ukraine is one thing. For Ukrainians who suffer from the poisoning of nature, do not care. But will Americans be able to give a shit about themselves?
    1. _my opinion
      _my opinion 20 May 2014 16: 06
      +1
      Quote: Alex_sw4
      But can they do not care Americans on themselves?

      not a question - they are already it do:
      "Today, in no country in the world, with the exception of the United States shale gas is not produced on an industrial scale. "

      source: http://nstarikov.ru/blog/39970
  29. PRN
    PRN 20 May 2014 15: 18
    +1
    The West will do everything in its power to make the prophecies come true!
    “By 2016, Europe will be empty, cold!” Vanga
  30. Sterlya
    Sterlya 20 May 2014 15: 28
    0
    In Donetsk, they decided to begin the nationalization of Akhmetov’s enterprises. Keep it up, nothing corrupt bitches to keep
  31. Ilja 22
    Ilja 22 20 May 2014 15: 45
    +2
    The main message of lobbyists: having enormous reserves of natural gas, the United States should “lower all dogs”, as in the old days, to Russia.

    amused)) do not cease to amaze with their statements))
  32. Sultan
    Sultan 20 May 2014 15: 47
    0
    Indians will not have time to realize their plans - there will not be enough candy wrappers or they won’t be left alone, but without them (Indians and geyropa will precipitate ... the train left ...
  33. sub307
    sub307 20 May 2014 16: 01
    0
    "Crystal thinks", man .... But coal is an alternative to other energy sources, I don’t know .... "Let's suffocate, for a start." Cheap "American coal, brrr ...., so much soot ..., darkness , generally.
  34. Free Island
    Free Island 20 May 2014 16: 03
    +1
    the author is undoubtedly a big plus for the work BUT ... a couple of days ago, we discovered a new oil and gas field on Sakhalin .. started drilling a well .. Sakhalin oil of the Sokol brand is 6 bucks more expensive than the Brand brand .. Sakhalin is driving, what is there tries Dill and amerikoshki with their shale gas? it's good to pump people's brains! Th Russia rules the energy market))))) rules !!!! very taxis
  35. 3vs
    3vs 20 May 2014 16: 05
    0
    Let's wait on June 1! smile
  36. Belarus
    Belarus 20 May 2014 16: 12
    +1
    I think that it’s not a secret to anyone why they clung to Slavyansk in particular.
    There is a CENTER for the production of shale gas. If you are interested, you can find a map on the internet about gas fields Yu and B And the Americans have already offered to buy it (this gas) to the Nazis in Kiev. As the saying goes, the Americans motivate Geyropu to abandon Russian gas.
    Just imagine how busy the days will be, that’s why the geyropa and the Americans so strongly and actively support the Nazis do not give a damn about anything and everything.
    But Slavyansk and all those who rebelled against the fascists can only survive and defeat the fascists in their lair - Kiev!
  37. Yuri Y.
    Yuri Y. 20 May 2014 16: 16
    0
    Speeding up the process of issuing LNG export licenses to gas terminals. A number of congressmen are introducing more and more bills aimed at accelerating the procedure for gas exports from the United States

    In my opinion, just gas companies in the USA want to stupidly enter the foreign market and occupy part of it. Anyway, where and to whom to sell, if only with greater profit. In America, the prices are low. And that anti-Russian rhetoric is just an excuse. Yes, and in the trend of current US policy, two birds with one stone at once.
  38. basal
    basal 20 May 2014 16: 28
    0
    Stupid article.
    I will not even dwell on the obvious nonsense - Europe allegedly consumes 18 trillion. cubic meters of gas per year. Nothing that Russia holds a third of the European market, supplying approximately 200 billion cubic meters?
    The main question is different. In the saving role of the United States. Well, here's what kind of gas the United States has for export if they themselves buy 60 billion Canadian gas annually. Re-export? So after all, Canadians are not fools, why share the profit. By the way, given the US screams about the great oil shale gas supply, Canada is seriously thinking about diversifying supplies. But the issue of construction of LNG terminals is being resolved on the WEST coast, i.e. prospective gas supplies are focused exclusively on the Asian market. Interestingly, and the European bureaucrats do not itch? At first, Russia spat on their "Euro packages" and is actively building LNG terminals in the Pacific Ocean. We look forward to signing a global contract with China. Canada also does not see Europe as a promising partner. The sanctions themselves were imposed on Iran. Qatar alone? Oh well...
  39. kartalovkolya
    kartalovkolya 20 May 2014 16: 50
    0
    The article is so-so, the main thing has been missed: to transport such an amount of LNG that is pumped from Russia to Europe, you need a fleet that even Onassis didn’t have! You’ll overlook the idiots, but as they say free will, and the impatient one with a left-hand thread bolt in the bottom!
  40. Orc-xnumx
    Orc-xnumx 20 May 2014 17: 03
    0
    American Khlestakov !!!
  41. Archon
    Archon 20 May 2014 17: 16
    0
    The map shows the lines of impact of troops. Blue - massive bombing.
  42. bda
    bda 20 May 2014 17: 37
    +1
    Will not come to the rescue


    By the title one would think that this was about the withdrawal of troops from the border with Ukraine.
  43. Manul49
    Manul49 20 May 2014 18: 36
    +1
    Start the article like this: Russian invasion of the Crimean peninsula - means to understand nothing or to want to spoil.

    MINUS!
  44. valentina-makanalina
    valentina-makanalina 20 May 2014 20: 34
    +1
    The Americans, as always, promise a lot and are ready to help everyone. But they never do anything at a loss. To hook Europe on American promises is equivalent to drug addiction. They sit on their needle and do not get off anymore, and it will be so difficult to be treated. So let Europe not show off, but take what Russia so far gives.
  45. RUS33
    RUS33 20 May 2014 23: 55
    0
    Quote: Blondy
    They're not fucking ready. All these blah-blah-blah, wishful thinking, are intended only to create the appearance of a "successful struggle for a just cause" among the western man in the street. Remember at least the Mistral, not to mention the Germans, Italians, gas and cooperation with Russia.

    Ready to pay more than half a meal, businessmen will eat them.