Military Review

China occupies the USSR niche in space

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China occupies the USSR niche in space

At the Pentagon, they are looking at the space program of China with more and more concern. Thus, the first half of the year of the global national orbital station (module Tiangong-2011) is planned for Beijing at the second half of the year. To do this, and create a spaceship Shenzhou-1.

In total, China is going to launch 4 stations, this will be the basis for the development of manned cosmonautics in the PRC; at present, the Chinese are expanding their squad of Taekonauts (this is how astronauts are called in China), 21 is already ready. They are planning to complete the assembly by 2020, in the 2012, two manned missions will be sent to the module, each with three people. In 2013 and 2015, they are planning to launch Tiangong 2 and Tiangong 3 (“2,3 Heavenly Palace”). In addition, they plan to develop heavier launch vehicles and build another space center in Hainan Province.

After the completion of the Heavenly Palace, Beijing plans to focus on the lunar program and on the exploration of Mars. Washington is worried that the construction of a space station could dramatically increase Chinese military capabilities in space and lead to the militarization of space. Although they themselves began it. American experts believe that the Chinese will be able to use space-launched platforms not only for defense programs, but also for developing offensive capabilities. China in its space program consistently repeats the achievements of the Soviet Union and the United States of America.

Her major milestones

- The space program was launched in China in 1956, the 5 Academy of the Ministry of Defense was established. The Chinese launched the first satellite in the 1970 year - Dongfang Hung-1. For comparison, the USSR launched the first satellite of Mankind 4 in October 1957 of the year, its USA - 1 in February 1958 of the year.

- With the 1970 of the year in China, the first manned flight training program began. But at that time they could not build a launch vehicle and a spacecraft in China. In 1992, the program of development of manned space flight was resumed, they began to create a manned spacecraft (it will largely repeat the Soviet spacecraft "Soyuz").

- The National Space Administration of China was established in 1993 year.

- From the 1999 year to the 2003 year, four unmanned test flights of the Shenzhou spacecraft (“Magic Shuttleboat”) were made. October 15 2003 of the year "Shenzhou-5" carried out the first manned space flight of China, on board was PLA Air Force Colonel Yang Liwei. China became the third power of the planet, which was able to carry out a manned flight into space.

- 12-16 in October 2005 of the year "Shenzhou-6" with two taikonaut (Fei Junlong and Not Haisheng) made a second manned flight.

- During the flight “Shenzhou-7”, September 2008, the Chinese astronaut will make the first spacewalk, on 15 minutes.

- Preparations are underway for the construction of a space station, the completion is 2020 year. The Chinese station is identical to the Soviet project "Salute"

- Preparations are under way for the landing on the moon, as part of it in 2007, the artificial moon of the moon was launched, and the landing on the moon is scheduled for the year 2024.

It can be concluded that the People's Republic of China repeats the program of the USSR, largely due to its technologies, it is becoming a leader in space exploration. But we are now in stagnation, even degraded in a number of areas, and the Chinese are consistently developing.

Along with the peace program in China, the military significance of the cosmos is not forgotten. For the first time, the Chinese military tested anti-satellite 11 in January for 2007. weapon on his old meteo-satellite "Fengyun-1C". Beijing has shown all the world its ability to destroy space objects in low orbit. After that, Washington and Beijing exchanged several statements. Back in 2006, Washington declared its monopoly right to prevent other countries from militarizing space, although he himself conducted military space programs. Condemned China and other countries - Japan, Australia, South Korea, England, Canada. Although Beijing has assured that its programs are not directed against anyone.

In addition to the development of anti-satellite missiles, including air-based, in China, there are several other military-space value programs: the "blinding" of spacecraft by a ground-based laser; analogue of the American unmanned orbiter X-37B; there is a possibility that the space platforms of the PRC will serve not only research purposes.

It’s high time for the Russian Federation to restore the space programs established in the Soviet Union. So far, our space program is a pale similarity to the Union program. In addition, Washington has long broken its promises not to militarize space, it is catching up with China. The development of space reserves of the USSR can become for the Russian Federation one of the “locomotives” that will help get out of the already 20-year “hibernation”.
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  1. Justme
    Justme 21 May 2011 13: 21
    +1
    Guys - you do word fornication
    I myself work in our Aerospace - and above all - this is a giant feeder
    She was like that in the 80s - when I got there
    It is so now. And from this you have to "dance"

    I don’t know how you manage to portray us so softly - but the reality
    this is - wherever you go - everywhere at close range - a lot of very piquant dirt - from leading moronity, incapacity, mass falsification of project results to outright crime.
    1. Straus
      Straus 21 May 2011 16: 35
      0
      trow-ty?
  2. viktor_ui
    viktor_ui 21 May 2011 14: 45
    0
    JustMe - I agree with you, for more than 20 years, in Roskosmos, we have created all the conditions so that no new tech ideas and new directions, God forbid, appear. But we can cormorant from the high stands that we have the Union with the outwardly old, but the filling in it is updated almost quarterly.
    And what’s there with a nuclear engine for the most recent space rososmos grooves, about which this company chattered last year ??? The loot has probably already been successfully mastered ... Maybe they’re going to stick the reactor to the engines from our lunar rocket, so you’ll have a new word in technology and we will respect the tradition of generations.
  3. Justme
    Justme 21 May 2011 22: 04
    0
    Not so long ago we had a meeting on the anniversary of our graduation. I see my friend on the first job.
    ..Oh friend, do you remember our projects, I had block 17B14 - the engine of an extra-heavy military communications satellite, I made it .. and quiet and no questions .. I remember you had a marine reconnaissance engine .. Yes, you got a stranger project .. I remember that everything always went through jo ** ..
    His answer was .. Yes, everything went through jo ** .. But 1994 I was introduced to the title of Honored Machine Builder of the Russian Federation ..
    The conclusions are obvious ..

    Two weeks ago, Putin met with the color and perspective of the provincial aerospace ... The humor is that no one among that audience (although there were also cadidates and doctors) will solve a typical university problem for the 3rd year ... (..all of them I know well..)
    ... But the title among this audience - Honored Machine Builder of the Russian Federation - is so highly valued ...
  4. datur
    datur 21 May 2011 23: 14
    -1
    taikonafty will prevail over all.
  5. Max
    Max 22 May 2011 23: 55
    0
    Just me above the nose, not everything is so bad. New cosmodromes are being built, the global GLONAS navigation system is almost ready, and if you look like that, the whole world depends on Russian launch vehicles, even the Yankees ... Corruption needs to be cut like in China, if you burned it on a large one, and with reinforced concrete docks - the death penalty or life.
    About the tyconauts ... I can not stop wondering at them, 4 stations, the moon, Mars! And for some reason it seems to me that all this will come true, and will not be on paper, as often happens in the Russian Federation or the USA. And even better, all the 3rd and the EU will take a big break, pushing military budgets to the background and redirecting jobs and resp. funding for global deep space exploration plans:
    - First of all, you need to figure out how to get to the nearest planet, where there is likely to be life (and such have already been discovered, like 2 light years). To finally bring to life the mega-idea of ​​an ion engine, which can help in solving long-distance flight. Also study * freezing life * for a long time.
    - The 2nd most interesting idea, as for me, is teraplanetirovanie. There are planets and satellites of the planets in our system, where if you launch some kind of global bioprocess, then over time there will appear atmosphere and water.
    After all, you can send trillions of dollars and millions of jobs to develop such completely feasible ideas, slowly pushing the war machine into the background. I think such global programs of mankind are ahead of us. The world is moving in the right direction.
  6. Justme
    Justme 23 May 2011 11: 13
    0
    Buddy max, not so simple
    I know the real parameters of the projects around me - there’s a wild hack,
    We have such a group of topics - "Revival" - in fact, this is an ineffectual diversion of money ... Or here ... Medvedev stamped his foot last October - the topic of Diagnostics at cosmodromes fell on us (plus 189 million rubles),
    And now - almost June - and nothing really has been done and whether it will be done - the big question is - charlatans from the local polytechnic were hanged on the theoretical part of the project.
    Yes, on the "left" I do a design cycle for a cool project in 2 months, simple - two projects per month (with sharpening for contract manufacturing in the same China)
    ..You mention ion engines - see SKBT Fakel, Kaliningrad, these engines have long been flying military satellites
    .. Or here nuclear engines are mentioned - let's be realists - bangs from the Aerospace management are trying to "cheat" a project that has already been made long ago
    1. viktor_ui
      viktor_ui 25 May 2011 18: 08
      0
      JustMe - I'm talking about this and hinting that quite often projects and deeds of the past "days" are trying to take in as the latest achievements and developments of Russia (read those in power ... like we are not only sawing loot)
  7. Justme
    Justme 23 May 2011 11: 16
    0
    Buddy max, not so simple
    I know the real parameters of the projects around me - there’s a wild hack,
    We have such a group of topics - "Revival" - in fact, this is an ineffectual diversion of money ... Or here ... Medvedev stamped his foot last October - the topic of Diagnostics at cosmodromes fell on us (plus 189 million rubles),
    And now - almost June - and nothing really has been done and whether it will be done - the big question is - charlatans from the local polytechnic were hanged on the theoretical part of the project.
    Yes, on the "left" I do a design cycle for a cool project in 2 months, simple - two projects per month (with sharpening for contract manufacturing in the same China)
    ..You mention ion engines - see SKBT Fakel, Kaliningrad, these engines have long been flying military satellites
    .. Or here nuclear engines are mentioned - let's be realists - bangs from the Aerospace management are trying to "cheat" a project that has already been made long ago
  8. Honory
    Honory 22 October 2012 17: 54
    0
    I wonder how the Chinese think to implement this program. Their technologies have not yet been developed.