Who is behind the special battalions "Donbass", "Ukraine", "Kharkiv-2", and how much will it cost to create a semi-private militarized unit in Ukraine
The total number of employees of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and the Armed Forces of Ukraine is about 480 000 people.
The annexation of the Crimea, the seizure of a large part of the Donbass by the separatists, and the tragic events in Odessa showed that the number of security forces does not compensate for their poor quality. Most of them can not or do not want to fully perform their duties. While the new leadership of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and the Army was searching for, forming and reforming combat-ready units, the businessmen and politicians took the initiative. Military formations sponsored by businessmen, under the auspices of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and the Army, breed in Ukraine with unprecedented speed.
How much does it cost to create and maintain a small army, who have more bayonets and what to do with armed formations in Ukraine after the political crisis is over?
Most of the militarized units are created under the auspices of the Interior Ministry or the army as a battalion, company or regiment of territorial defense. In late April, the ex-governor of the Odessa region, Vladimir Nemirovsky, estimated the costs of creating a detachment of 100 people in 700 000 UAH. Low cost due to excess weapons in the country. “There are more than enough weapons in Ukraine: in the warehouses of the Ministry of Defense it will be enough to create many more battalions,” said Dmitry Tymchuk, head of the Information Resistance group, told LIGABusinessInform.
The task of the sponsor is to equip the unit and cover the difference in salary between the official rate of the military (police) and market wages. Soldiers in such units receive 10 000-15 000 UAH, officer - 25 000-30 000 UAH. The official salary of the military in Ukraine is from 2 500 to 8 000 UAH, so the sponsor pays extra for 10 000 UAH for a soldier and up to 25 000 UAH for an officer. Considering that in the battalion an average of about 400 soldiers and 20 officers, the monthly expenses will be at least 4,5 million UAH.
For this money, the de facto sponsor gets a loyal combat squad - legal, operating under the auspices of the Ministry of Internal Affairs or the Ministry of Defense and armed with automatic weapons. Whose orders such a detachment will obey in the event of a conflict of interests - the patron or formal leaders of the security forces - a question that no one now undertakes to answer.
LigaBusinessInform found out which of the famous Ukrainians had already initiated the creation of territorial armed units.
April 13 Dnipropetrovsk Governor Igor Kolomoisky announced the creation of a special battalion "Dnepr-1". All rules were observed: the division was formed by the Ministry of Internal Affairs with the assistance of the regional state administration. In particular, the deputy chairman of the Dnipropetrovsk Regional State Administration Gennady Korban indicated that the administration would help the battalion with equipment, and the difference between the standard salaries of police officers and the special battalion soldiers promised to “at least $ 1000 ″ compensates for the charity fund at the Regional State Administration. Around the same time, the first battalion of territorial defense of the Ministry of Defense was formed in the region.
A little later, in the Dnipropetrovsk region began the formation of several more units. “Now we are creating a special battalion of special purpose of the Ministry of Internal Affairs on the basis of the disbanded“ Berkut ”, said the speaker of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Dnipropetrovsk region Alexey Shcherbatov. On May 10, the Ministry of Defense gave the region permission to create two more territorial defense battalions. As governor, Kolomoisky takes an active part in the creation of these units.
Presidential candidate 23 April announced the recruitment of the special military battalion "Donbass". It was assumed that the backbone of the activists will make the "Right Sector". Yarosh stressed that "all actions of the battalion are coordinated with the NSDC, the Security Service of Ukraine and the Ministry of Internal Affairs." At the same time, the press secretary of the “Right Sector” Artem Skoropadsky clarified that the battalion is subordinate only to Dmitry Yarosh and is not included in a single power department. The number of units - 800 people, and active action, according to Skoropadsky, the battalion has already begun.
2 in May, the owner of one of the largest Ukrainian agricultural holdings, Nibulon, said he was ready to pay a reward for the separatists caught in the Nikolaev region and to equip Nikolayev’s people's militia for their money, as well as to equip stationary roadblocks at the entrance to the city. The businessman did not create separate divisions. “We have independently equipped strong roadblocks at the entrances to the city and secured them,” says Vadatursky. - Each of them is on duty around the clock at least 15 people. Including representatives of the National Guard, traffic police, border guards ”. Also to the protection of roadblocks attracted employees of private security companies. Vadatursky helped with the equipment of self-defense.
In the first capital of Ukraine, a group of local businessmen helps to form a special action of the Ministry of Internal Affairs “Kharkiv-2 ″. “Together with like-minded people we provide the fighters with uniforms, transport, fuel and other necessary things,” notes Kharkiv entrepreneur Alexander Davtyan, one of the initiators of the company’s creation. He says that the main problem is bureaucracy in the regional police department, which in every possible way hampers the creation of a unit of professionals who had previously worked in law enforcement. “In fact, there is a company, but legally it has not yet,” says Davtyan.
May 11 “Metinvest-Holding” Rinat Akhmetov began recruiting into the voluntary people's guards (DND) in Mariupol, and two days later - in Yenakiyevo, Makeyevka, Avdiivka and Khartsizsk. The press service of the holding claims that the members of the NPD will act only together with the police and only without weapons. It is not specified how the vigilantes will fight with batons from separatists armed to the teeth.
For the first time, Oleg Lyashko wrote about the formation of his battalion on his Facebook page on 16 March. But then the matter did not go any further. The second attempt is dated May 10, after the events in Mariupol. This time, Lyashko not only announced the recruitment of a personal battalion called “Ukraine”, but also posted a recruiting poster, as well as account numbers where patriots can transfer money for the unit. Lyashko decided to draw up a special battalion "Ukraine" as part of the Interior Ministry. At the moment, documents are being prepared. The recruitment office reported that the envisaged staff of the Ukraine battalion was 500 people and that there had already been about 1000 applications.
In Odessa, everything is difficult. May 8 began its work here the special battalion of the Ministry of Internal Affairs “Storm”. How actively the regional administration and local business participated in its formation is unclear. Even 25 of April, after the attack on the checkpoint near the Odessa market “7-th kilometer”, the then regional governor Vladimir Nemirovsky spoke about the intention to form with the support of the RSA territorial special battalion of the Interior Ministry “Odessa”. He did not have time to realize his plans: after the mass death of Odessa citizens during the 2 clashes in May, the official was dismissed, and Igor Palitsa, who replaced him, decided to create units under the auspices of the Ministry of Defense.
Expert Comments [/ b]
Dmitry Tymchuk, head of the “Information Resistance” group
Any armed forces not covered by the Constitution and laws of Ukraine constitute a potential threat. First of all, it is not clear how far the question of their disarmament has been thought out after the tasks set for them by Ukraine. What happens if they simply refuse to surrender their weapons?
In addition, from my point of view, politicians should not be carried away by a military solution to problems. You can’t just hand out weapons to members of your party or according to the principle “I am a patriot, give me an automatic”. At some point, the armed wing of the party may become an instrument of power struggle. I always cite the example of Lebanon, where each of the existing parties had its own armed unit. Accumulated controversy led to the 15-year civil war.
At the same time, the state of Ukraine, as it turned out, does not have the resources to repel external aggression and separatist speeches. The country's army purposefully collapsed for more than ten years, the top commanders were not imprisoned for military operations, but for theft of military property. In such a situation, it is the creation of units from initiative citizens on a territorial basis - one of the ways out. But you need to have a mechanism of control over them, to provide for a mechanism for disarming such units.
Valentin Badrak, Director of the Center for Army Studies, Conversion and Disarmament
We can only welcome the actions of businessmen aimed at supporting our army. Material incentive helps to attract experienced specialists to the troops, who understand that their work and knowledge are expensive. It also increases the motivation of the fighters: people go to the troops not for a penny, but for quite decent money.
I do not think that there is a danger of a conflict of interests: conscious people go to the created parts, leaving decent work and understanding that they will have to take risks. Their goal is to protect the country, not the interests of any oligarch.
At the same time, it is necessary to strictly control the issuance of weapons - unauthorized armed formations in their essence are no different from the terrorists operating in the Donbas. All units must strictly obey the military-political leadership of the country and follow his orders.