Military Review

Happy Baltic Fleet Day!

45
May 18, Russia celebrates Baltic Day fleet Russian Navy. Despite the fact that officially in the country's naval calendar this day as a correspondence to the Baltic naval holiday appeared only in December 1995 on the basis of the order of the then Commander-in-Chief of the Russian Navy Admiral Fleet Felix Gromov, the date itself is much more impressive history.


Happy Baltic Fleet Day!


And this 7 (18) story begins on May 1703, when the Russian flotilla won a major battle victory at the mouth of the Neva River for about three years by carrying out a boarding of the Swedish ships "Astrild" and "Gedan" and forcing the Swedes to withdraw their squadron.

"Astryld" ("Star") and "Gedan" ("Pike") came as part of the same squadron for combat support of the fortress Nyuenskans (Nienschanz), which in 1611 was based on the Russian lands by that time, under the far-fetched pretext rejected Russian State by the Swedish King Charles IX. Nyenskans - a fortress located at the confluence of the Okhta River into the Neva River - in a place that was not flooded even when the strongest floods literally washed the surrounding settlements from the face of the earth.

The fortification building was built according to a project that was progressive at the time and had the appearance of a five-pointed star with five well-fortified bastions, two additional ravels serving for cross-firing on the approaches to the perimeter of the fortress, two crowders (external fortification in the form of a crown) reinforcing the fortress front.


In the picture - the plan of the siege of the fortress Nyenskans (A.Shonebek, P.Pikart)


While 1 in May 1703, Peter I struck a powerful blow at Nyenskans after a week-long siege, forcing the troops defending the fortress to surrender, Admiral Numers (Sweden) led his ships to help Nyenskans. The situation for the Swedish squadron was complicated by the fact that Numers did not know that after the siege the fortress had finally passed into the hands of Peter.

2 May Numers, approaching the fortress, ordered to give a conditional signal (two cannon shots) in order to find out if Nyenskans holds the defense. Historians say that the Russian troops occupying the fortress responded with a password signal to the arriving ships, which finally misled the Numers squadron, forcing the admiral to think that the fortress was under the control of the Swedish garrison.

Shn'yava (a small sailing ship) "Astrild" and the "Gedan" boat separated from the squadron and headed towards the mouth of the Neva River - closer to the fortress, where they were attacked by 30 fleet boats commanded by Peter I and Alexander Menshikov. Soldiers of the Semenov and Preobrazhensky regiments took part in the battle. The unprecedented bravery of Russian soldiers allowed boarding Swedish ships, with a total of 18 guns on the sides, from boats, which by definition had no artillery weapons.


Place of the battle on the map of P.Pikart


It is believed that one of the first on board the "Astrilda" was Peter I.


Taking Astrylda and Gedan



Two Swedish ships 7 (18) in May 1703, passed into the hands of the Russian squad, after which they became the core of the nascent fleet. However, the damage received during the Russian attacks was neither allowed to the Gedan nor the Astrildus to fully serve the Russian fleet in the Baltic.


"Gedan" and "Astryld"


Pavel Krotov "History of shipbuilding":

In fact, as a result of the victory of 7 in May of 1703 of the year, the first two combat ships appeared on the Baltic Sea - the Astrylda and the Gedan bot. In addition, Russia already at that time could bring four small frigates into the Baltic Sea: two Syas, “Holy Spirit” and “Courier”. In the Olonets and Syas shipyards, according to the Baltic Fleet program adopted in February — March 1703, the construction of other ships was carried out. Finally, the symbolic significance that Peter I and his contemporaries attached to the battle and the victory of 7 in May can be considered the date of birth of the Baltic Fleet of Russia 7 (18) in May 1703.


The Baltic Fleet in different years acted as a stronghold of the Russian borders in the North-West. One of the glorious pages of the fleet is inscribed in the history of the fleet during World War II, when the commander of the Baltic Fleet was a man who became a real legend of the Navy - Vladimir Tributs. The name of Admiral Tributs, who was awarded two Orders of Lenin, 4 orders of the Red Banner and numerous other awards, is immortalized in the name of one of the St. Petersburg streets, as well as in the name of the BDK "Vladimir Tributs", which is one of the component parts of the Russian Pacific Fleet.
The actions of the Baltic seamen during the Great Patriotic War made it possible to inflict enormous damage on the enemy. Over the years of battles, the Baltic Fleet destroyed more than 1200 ships of various classes of Nazi Germany and its allies, almost 2,5 thousands of enemy aircraft. 173 Balts received the title of Hero of the Soviet Union, and four of them were awarded this title twice.

Today the Baltic Fleet is one of the strategic pillars of the state’s defense, which includes destroyers, patrol ships, small missile and anti-submarine ships, missile and anti-sabotage boats, BDK and small air-cushion landing ships, submarines, search and rescue ships and support vessels. The main points of basing are Baltiysk (Kaliningrad region) and Kronstadt (Leningrad region). Since 2012, the Baltic Fleet is commanded by a graduate of the Pacific VVMU. C.O. Makarov and the Academy of the General Staff of the Armed Forces, now - Vice-Admiral - Viktor Kravchuk.



"Military Review" congratulates the sailors and veterans of the Baltic Fleet, their families and relatives on the holiday. He wishes the qualitative development of the fleet, the continuation of its glorious traditions, the training of young specialists, the systematic renewal of the naval military and service equipment for the full-fledged building of the Russian security system. Happy Baltic Fleet, Russia!
45 comments
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  1. Warhead-xnumx
    Warhead-xnumx 18 May 2014 06: 01
    +23
    Happy holiday comrades!
    1. Andrey Yuryevich
      Andrey Yuryevich 18 May 2014 06: 33
      +14
      all the Baltics, Happy Holiday !!! drinks
      1. Baikal
        Baikal 18 May 2014 07: 12
        +14
        Three URA to one of the two allies of Russia! fellow
        Happy holiday, Baltic people!
    2. Ross
      Ross 18 May 2014 10: 19
      +10
      All the Baltics, and veterans and those who are on duty, fellow friends from the holidays! drinks
      1. Vyalik
        Vyalik 18 May 2014 10: 28
        +7
        I am proud to have served in the BALTIC. WITH THE HOLIDAY OF ALL WHO SERVED FOR
        DKBF.
      2. jktu66
        jktu66 18 May 2014 20: 10
        +3
        All the Baltics, and veterans and those who are on duty, fellow friends from the holidays!
        Thank you! good
    3. Army1
      Army1 18 May 2014 14: 41
      +4
      Happy Holidays! drinks
      Congratulations to you sailor,
      With a bright day - the day of the Baltic Fleet!
      Your service is sometimes difficult
      Nevertheless, you go hunting with raids!

      Let under the keel - seven feet always,
      Watch, let it be - to calluses and sweat,
      Let trouble pass by!
      We believe in your strength and fleet!
      ___________
      1. Samaritan
        Samaritan 18 May 2014 21: 06
        +2
        Glory to the Baltic Fleet !!!
        For you, the saviors of Leningrad, I will raise a glass during a salute in Kronstadt !!!
  2. fleet
    fleet 18 May 2014 06: 07
    +13
    DKBF !!! Hurray !!!!
  3. pensioner240
    pensioner240 18 May 2014 06: 25
    +14
    Happy holiday, friends!
  4. borisjdin1957
    borisjdin1957 18 May 2014 06: 28
    +11
    from the Don.
    Always respected the sailors! Congratulations from the urgent service flyer !!!
    1. Arberes
      Arberes 18 May 2014 11: 28
      +9
      Quote: borisjdin1957
      Always respected the sailors! Congratulations from the urgent service flyer !!!

      Similarly! hi
      Baltic sailors, with great pleasure I join all the congratulations !!!
      HAPPY HOLIDAY! HAPPY BALTFLEET! drinks
  5. Eugene
    Eugene 18 May 2014 06: 51
    +14
    DCBF congratulations from the Crimea !!! And separately Len Navy! 83-86. (It seems that the first of the Crimeans managed, uv)
    1. lelikas
      lelikas 18 May 2014 12: 53
      +7
      As in a joke - Hello to the Baltic sailors from the heroic defenders of Sevastopol! ? laughing
      Happy men!
  6. DAEDALUS
    DAEDALUS 18 May 2014 08: 13
    +12
    Happy holiday, fleet! All ships - seven feet in a keel!
  7. Dmitry 2246
    Dmitry 2246 18 May 2014 08: 15
    +12
    Happy Baltic!
    Separately, congratulations to medical sailors from the first clinical. Thank you, darned qualitatively.
  8. A1L9E4K9S
    A1L9E4K9S 18 May 2014 08: 52
    +10
    With the holiday, the first Russian fleet, seven feet under the keel to you on trips for the good of Russia!
  9. svp67
    svp67 18 May 2014 08: 55
    +10
    "Military Review" congratulates the sailors and veterans of the Baltic Fleet, their relatives and friends on the holiday
    I join and am sincerely glad that they are paying real attention to the revival of the fleet ... On the occasion of the BALTIS !!!
  10. sv68
    sv68 18 May 2014 09: 27
    +9
    WITH THE BALTICIAN HOLIDAY, AND ALL YOUR HIKES WAS ONLY TRAINING AND NEVER HAD TO HAVE BIGGER TO FIGHT drinks SEVEN FEET UNDER THE KEEL!
  11. Ptah
    Ptah 18 May 2014 09: 32
    +12
    1


    Everyone Who Serves Today in the Rows
    Navy
    Everyone who does not know the concept of fear,
    But he knows the price of honor.

    Everyone who has been in their service for a long time,
    But hardly forget
    Sea waves during storms
    And the endless Dali.

    May you guys be lucky
    And do not let grief meet you
    Let happiness come straight to YOU
    On land, as well as at sea!

    Watchmen and signalmen. Accept CONGRATULATIONS ON THE HOLIDAY, BROTHERS of the "Thug Fleet" from the sailors of the "Frozen Fleet" !!! soldier drinks
  12. Navy7981
    Navy7981 18 May 2014 09: 39
    +13
    I celebrated my Black Sea, I am passing on to congratulations and a holiday in honor of the Brothers in Arms! Glory to the DCBF !!!! lol drinks Good service guys !!!!
  13. yushch
    yushch 18 May 2014 09: 45
    +6
    PETER ALEKSEEVICH is rightfully the first and greatest sovereign of our great Motherland.
  14. Sokol peruna
    Sokol peruna 18 May 2014 09: 48
    +10
    The oldest fleet born by Peter, dressed in bronze and granite,
    In battles with enemies hardened, cast from steel and armor.
    In the very West of Russia he is always on guard
    And be ready in full strength to meet a formidable enemy.

    Happy Baltic Fleet Day !!!
  15. Postovoi
    Postovoi 18 May 2014 10: 00
    +9
    Happy holiday, Baltic people!
    Good luck, health and long life to everyone!
  16. cerbuk6155
    cerbuk6155 18 May 2014 10: 38
    +7
    Congratulations to the sailors of the Baltic Fleet !. Happy holiday dear comrades. HOORAY.... soldier
  17. mamont5
    mamont5 18 May 2014 10: 44
    +6
    Happy Holidays to you, Baltic!
  18. Russ69
    Russ69 18 May 2014 10: 57
    +6
    WITH BALTIC HOLIDAY !!!
  19. silberwolf88
    silberwolf88 18 May 2014 11: 05
    +5
    Happy holiday comrades !!!
    Strengthen the defenses, GOOD LUCK !!!
  20. Makarych
    Makarych 18 May 2014 11: 21
    +5
    With a pazdnik, Baltic people! Happy Navy of Russia! Seven feet under the keel!!!
  21. Barakuda
    Barakuda 18 May 2014 11: 24
    +6
    Well done! Fully armed met the Patriotic. Kuznetsov a separate bow. .
  22. sub307
    sub307 18 May 2014 11: 43
    +7
    I join in the congratulations. Happy holiday to all Baltic people!
  23. capex1
    capex1 18 May 2014 11: 44
    +8
    We urgently need to build up and at the same time accelerate the construction of the fleet of the ocean zone (thereby supporting the image of a superpower), but at the same time we need to build a fleet of near and middle zones at an accelerated pace to protect our own territory. We need to focus on ships (submarine and surface), which will carry on board the most accurate missile weapons. Indeed, in the event of a conflict, a squadron of missile cruisers can very much ruffle a vaunted carrier fleet of a potential enemy (to say the least).
  24. Boa kaa
    Boa kaa 18 May 2014 11: 51
    +9
    I congratulate veterans, workers and office workers, sailors, foremen, officers and admirals of the oldest fleet of Russia on Baltic Fleet Day!
    The progenitor of all the fleets of Russia, like 311 years ago, reliably guards the gray-haired Baltic, prepares personnel for the Navy, builds ships, and develops naval science.
    Seven feet under the keel of your ships on all the points of the oceans!
  25. Nataliya
    Nataliya 18 May 2014 11: 53
    +8
    Happy holiday, Baltic people!
  26. roma-belij
    roma-belij 18 May 2014 13: 11
    +6
    Happy holiday, brothers !!!
  27. archi.sailor
    archi.sailor 18 May 2014 13: 17
    +9
    happy holiday Baltics !!!!!!!!!! drinks hello from the North Sea
  28. Yuri11076
    Yuri11076 18 May 2014 13: 37
    +5
    On the Holiday, Sailors, his classmate who serves in St. Petersburg, have already congratulated !!!
  29. Manul49
    Manul49 18 May 2014 13: 42
    +5
    Baltics, Happy Holiday!
  30. Paranoid50
    Paranoid50 18 May 2014 14: 28
    +7
    Quote: Ptah
    Accept CONGRATULATIONS ON THE HOLIDAY, BROTHERS of the "Thug Fleet" from the sailors of the "Frozen Fleet" !!! soldier drinks

    I join !!! Heartfelt congratulations to the Baltic from the St. Petersburg Marine Severomorets! Brothers, keep the "crab" !!! By the way, as recently as yesterday I had a chance to visit the birthplace of the DKBF - in St. Petersburg, opposite the place where the same boarding battle took place, a memorial sign was erected (located in the northern part of the Yekateringof park, on the shore).
  31. misterwulf
    misterwulf 18 May 2014 16: 43
    +7
    Congratulations from Russian Sevastopol! Happy holiday Baltic!
  32. ia-ai00
    ia-ai00 18 May 2014 16: 48
    +5
    On the occasion of YOU, the defenders of the fatherland are both veterans and now on duty to guard the borders of the Motherland!
    Good to all of you HEALTH and seven feet under the keel!
    Glory to the DCBF !!!
  33. Ruslan 56
    Ruslan 56 18 May 2014 18: 06
    +4
    Happy holiday men!
  34. Signaller
    Signaller 18 May 2014 18: 49
    +4
    MF troops of the inland sea, if those that are in St. Petersburg. Kaliningrad Warmer. Apparently the memory is short - the Germans locked us in the Gulf of Finland for 42-44 years and that’s all. And then the Baltic Fleet ???? . Locked Fleet. Then, of course, he showed me the skills, but this does not discard the very essence of the problem. There is Kaliningrad-Köninsberg-our victory, there is no-his defeat-definitely.
  35. zinander
    zinander 18 May 2014 19: 26
    +3
    Happy Baltic!
  36. Serg65
    Serg65 19 May 2014 07: 21
    +4
    Happy Baltic! Cadet youth passed in Kronstadt and Baltiysk, what years were good soldier
  37. mithridate
    mithridate 19 May 2014 11: 11
    0
    happy holiday!