Military Review

In our souls is empty and sad

11
Forgotten heroes of the Russian Caucasus


The events in the Crimea and in Ukraine somewhat distracted the attention of the media from another problematic region located between the Black and Caspian Seas. Today in Ingushetia is quite peaceful - it's time to understand the deep-rooted causes of disasters that have befallen this once blessed land.

The stanitsa of Ordzhonikidzevskaya, before 1957, was called Sleptsovskaya. Now it is the administrative center of the Sunzhensky district of the Republic of Ingushetia. According to the latest census, a little over 500 people live in the village, which is less than one percent of the population. Here is the only Church of the Protection of the Virgin in Ingushetia. For nearly forty years, his prior was a famous ascetic and confessor of Orthodoxy, Archpriest Peter Sukhonosov.

Shamil power Shamil

The founder of the Cossack villages of the Sunzha Nikolay Pavlovich Sleptsov - a native of Aktarsky district Saratov province, one of the most brilliant officers of the Caucasian corps. Within a few months after arriving in the Caucasus, he received the Order of Stanislav for participation in the Nizhny Novgorod Dragoon Regiment in a case against the Highlanders 30 of June 1841.


Alexander Kozlov. "The death of Major General Sleptsov battle on the bank of the river Tekhi 10 December 1851 of the year"


The following year, the Blind Men volunteered to participate in the de-blockade operation of General Passek, who had been besieged by the highlanders for more than a month in the fortification of Zyryana. Having led the battalion of the Absheron regiment, Ensign Sleptsov was given the task of knocking the enemy down from heights in order to clear the way for the troops. With a sword in his hand, in front of everyone he took off on a steep height up to 300 meters and, despite a whole hail of bullets falling from above, reached the positions of the Highlanders, pushing them from there. For the difference shown to them in this battle, Sleptsova was fired into the majors.

In 1844, Nikolai Pavlovich took part in an expedition to Malaya Chechnya under the command of Adjutant General Neygardt, and in January 1845 was appointed commander of the 1 of the Sunzha Linear Cossack Regiment. In this troublesome position, he began to engage in the founding of Cossack villages. Reflecting the highlanders' raids, he managed to conquer the communities and tribes of the militant Galashkins and Karabulaks. “Each blow to Sleptsov,” wrote one of his biographers, “hit the target directly and shook Shamil’s power and faith in his power.”

For a successful assault on the Chechen aul of Shauden-Shari, the Blindmen was promoted to lieutenant colonel. Acting always exceptionally decisively and bravely, he repeatedly thwarted the plans of Shamil, who wanted to penetrate into Kabarda. In May, 1847 won another victory over the Chechens on the shores of Assy, for which he was promoted to colonel and was awarded a golden saber with the inscription “For Bravery”. October 14 of the same year made a successful attack on the villages of Karabulak, who constantly disturbed with their raids the Sunzha Line.

In 1850, Sleptsov also conducted several successful operations against the Highlanders, destroying the fortified enemy line, which consisted of strong trenches and debris. This line was arranged by Shamil to prevent the sudden attack of the Russians on the capital of Vedeno. Although this strengthening was outside the zone of the Sunzhensky line, Sleptsov, during a personal meeting with the new commander-in-chief of the Caucasian corps, Prince Vorontsov, managed to get permission after a lot of persuasion to try to take it. Without giving the three thousand Highlanders exposed by Shamil to muster their strength, he broke them in parts, losing only three Cossacks. For which he was promoted to major general.

The last victory for Sleptsov was a battle on the bank of the River Gekhi 10 (22) December 1851. Throwing two hundred Cossacks into battle, he was in front of huge rubble. The enemy hiding behind them opened heavy fire. Nikolai Pavlovich ordered the infantry to move forward, which began to push the Highlanders back. At that moment an enemy bullet hit him in the chest. He died half an hour later. He was buried with all military honors at the cemetery of the village of Sunzhenskaya founded by him.

Today this cemetery is overgrown with weeds. Welded metal crosses, designs over the graves are evenly painted with blue or green paint, which leaves no chance to make out the names and surnames of the people resting under them. The memory of them was destroyed not by the omnipotent time, but by the decision of someone from the local administration, made, probably, on the eve of the next community work day.

I could not find Sleptsov's grave.

The memory of him was betrayed by the descendants of those for whom he, risking his life, was cut with the mountaineers, set and defended the village, gaining fame for the sovereign and the Cossacks.

Last stronghold

It is known that in the Caucasus there is a cult of heroes. With the filing of Yunus-Bek Yevkurov in honor of the Ingush, who faithfully served Russia, two years ago, a Memorial of Memory and Glory was erected. On the granite slabs, the names of all the 27 full Ingush cavaliers, bravely fought as part of the Caucasian Volunteer Horse Indigenous Division, are stamped out. Here is a monument to the riders of this famous compound. On the stele dedicated to the participation of the Ingush in the Great Patriotic War, the names of the natives of the Chechen-Ingush Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic honored and presented to the title of Hero of the Soviet Union are stamped. A separate monument is perhaps the last defender of the Brest Fortress, Senior Lieutenant Umat Giray Barkhanoyev.

The names of the Ingush who contributed to the protection and prosperity of their native land and people - Bazorkin and Borov, Malsagov and Nalgiev, Bekmurziev and Pliev named the streets of the new capital of the republic - Magas. This is all part of a general program, conceived and planned by the head of Ingushetia Yunus-Bek Yevkurov in order to raise the spirit and rally the nation.

There is no reason to accuse the Hero of Russia of inciting nationalist or chauvinistic sentiments. Remaining the son of his people and a Muslim, Yevkurov does what the national leader should do in his place. It was not his fault that the monument to General Sleptsov was destroyed in the village during the Soviet era, they ruined his grave and that the village itself still bears the name of the person responsible for the Cossack genocide.

Not he, but we, the Russians, have betrayed our heroes and leaders to oblivion and ridicule. In our souls it is empty, bare and depressing, like on a pogost or in a seedy provincial town with typical Ilyichs on the main square and the same streets.

Pokrovsky temple in March of this year became a monastery. Today, perhaps, this is the last and only stronghold of the Russian world on this earth. Larger than the numerous but temporary group of federal and Interior Ministry forces stationed here.

“We don’t know what awaits us tomorrow,” said the rector of the temple, Peter Sukhonosov, in one of the sermons. - Maybe even more troubles and grief. And we begin to blame someone, look for the guilty: they say someone is to blame. Actually we are to blame. All of this is God's allowance, the allowance that happens to us, the sons of Russia, for our sins, for our iniquities, for our removal from God. We must constantly stand on the right path, not lose heart ”.

28 March 1999 of the year - 15 years ago, Peter Sukhonosov was kidnapped right from the temple. Unidentified people took him away to the then independent Ichkeria, where the 70-year-old father was martyred.
Author:
Originator:
http://vpk-news.ru/articles/20245
11 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must sign in.
  1. Mite27
    Mite27 16 May 2014 10: 21
    +3
    Not he, but we, the Russians, have betrayed our heroes and leaders to oblivion and ridicule. In our souls it is empty, bare and depressing, like on a pogost or in a seedy provincial town with typical Ilyichs on the main square and the same streets.
    Mournful, but true truth. And the capture of the Crimea will not save.
  2. xan
    xan 16 May 2014 11: 49
    +3
    With the filing of Yunus-beck Yevkurov in honor of the Ingush, who faithfully served Russia, two years ago a Memorial of memory and glory was erected. On granite slabs are the names of all 27 complete St. George cavaliers-Ingush who bravely fought as part of the Volunteer Caucasian Horse Indigenous Division.

    I read that for Muslims the St. George Cross was without St. George the Victorious, a symbol of the Orthodox faith. But the awarded Caucasian volunteers refused to receive crosses without a "horseman", and they did not associate the cross and George with religion, for them it was a sign of distinction of their military valor.
  3. chelovektapok
    chelovektapok 16 May 2014 15: 27
    +2
    "Shamil stood on the woe-e, he prayed to God. For freedom, for the people, bow-and-bow low" (c) Cossack folk song Oysya you oysya, you do not be afraid of me. (You will find on many portals search for music) Cossacks have always appreciated a worthy opponent and even included them in folklore. The Turks, for example, remember Skobelev, the Cossack general. And that he gave Pasha a saber after Plevna. It turns out that even the bastards remember. "I stand by a dried-up river, no water, no frogs, no duckweed! Where is the PEOPLE that he chopped in two hands! He took Siberia and reached Alaska? Where are all those who, in a fierce battle, moved Russia apart to China? Why am I standing today? here alone, without Earth and without a Name? " (c) I. Rasteryaev
  4. nomad74
    nomad74 16 May 2014 19: 01
    +2
    The lessons of history are sad! But not for sadness, but for understanding how to live and what to do!
  5. padonok.71
    padonok.71 16 May 2014 19: 22
    +2
    Here's how to talk with proud kazakazetsami! Only from a position of strength, in another way, these animals simply do not understand. And do not say that they say Russian degenerated. Give a command! Cover the rear! I assure you that in a year or two all animals will cross themselves and kiss the crucifix, well, who will survive. Only the will of our beloved GDP. And now we pay tribute to them, they are masters, not in some wretched Chechnya, but in Moscow! And now I am ashamed ... they didn’t finish, they didn’t finish ... sorry potsan ... I will not forget ... I will not forgive ...
  6. ZIS
    ZIS 16 May 2014 22: 33
    +5
    I, Sevastopolets! I know why, We withstood 23 years of hohlization ... Teachers from the kindergarten, and then the teachers told us what kind of city and who were its heroes ... Moreover, without any communist ideology, it makes no difference, the tsarist officer or Soviet commander ... For us, General Ostryakov stood in line with Admirals Nakhimov, Kornilov, Istomin and generals Khrulev, Totleben. You must remember all your heroes. And even in the direction of General Petrov and Admiral Oktyabrsky we will not allow anyone new to spit.
  7. ia-ai00
    ia-ai00 17 May 2014 08: 44
    0
    ZIS SU I, Sevastopolets! I know why, We survived 23 years of hohlatization ... Teachers and then teachers told us from the kindergarten what kind of city and who its heroes are.

    That's right! From what teachers, parents "pour" into the ears of children from an early age, it depends how a person will relate to the Motherland, and who will be aware of himself in this Motherland.
    Am / E / R / s, throughout the former USSR, managed to produce a forgery of historical events, relations to their homeland. With the connivance of such rulers as Gorbaty, eBn and Dam tried to impose a sense of guilt for their people.
    Unfortunately, those who took an active part in the "rethinking" of historical events, in the collapse of universal education, are still engaged in the "education" of the people, and have not yet been punished.
    1. xan
      xan 17 May 2014 09: 40
      0
      "The school teacher wins wars" (Bismarck or Moltke, memory full of holes).
      1. Chicot 1
        Chicot 1 17 May 2014 15: 36
        0
        Quote: xan
        Bismarck or Moltke

        Bismarck. The phrase from the speech in honor of the victory at Sedan ...
  8. demotivator
    demotivator 17 May 2014 18: 32
    0
    I enjoyed reading this material. The article is a big plus, truthful, informative, relevant!
    A classmate of M. Lermontov at the school of guards ensigns and cavalry junkers (later the Nikolaev cavalry school) Sleptsov began military service in the guard, and could have stayed there. But, from the guard, with its parades, ceremonies and social bustle, the young officer immediately began to ask for transfer to the army. So in the autumn of 1840, in the midst of hostilities N. Sleptsov came to the Caucasus. After five years of service in the cavalry regiment, he earned the rank of major. He was, like many, a brave warrior. But the special respect of his comrades, and those who, according to the laws of war, were his opponents, he earned by his nobility. His attitude towards the Chechens was widely known. N. Sleptsov never spoke disrespectfully of his opponents in the war.
    Some of his actions in the Caucasus were legendary. A brave enemy captured, he often released with a reward. When Shamil's naib, Mahomet Mirza Anzorov, died, N. Sleptsov, himself wounded in this battle, ordered to send help from his own means to the family of the deceased. For his courage, nobility and justice, he was respected in the mountains. Colonel N. Sleptsov was awarded the Order of St. George 4th class and a gold saber with the inscription "For Bravery". In 1850 (at 32 years old !!!) he became a major general.
    A contemporary of General Sleptsov wrote:
    “In order to understand how Sleptsov was loved on the Sunzha, it was enough to see what happened there when his body was taken. The entire population poured out to meet, and everyone, from small to large, wept. The blind were brought to the coffin, mothers were placed on its lid of infants. ”

    Unaware of the death of Sleptsov, on December 23, 1850, the Emperor appointed him commander in chief of the Vladikavkaz military district. And when Nicholas I received the news of the death of Nikolai Pavlovich, he issued another decree - on the renaming of the village of Sunzhenskaya in Sleptsovskaya. (now - Ordzhonikidzevskaya).
    The name of General N. Sleptsov was given to the Penza Cossack Cadet Corps.
  9. yurcello
    yurcello 29 May 2014 20: 26
    0
    Thanks for the interesting article! To my shame, to this day I did not know anything about this heroic officer .. I’ll surely tell my nephew (9 years old) about him, otherwise the tribe on all Western mucks like Batman spiders, etc. is growing. To the best of my ability I talk about real heroes of ours :)