Military Review

One Day

57
Events in Ukraine managed to mix a lot of cards, and the deck of the Black Sea fleet - not the last of them. Held on the eve of the 231st birthday of the Black Sea Fleet, its transition from the position of an unwanted (for Kiev) guest to the position of a full-fledged host has already forced to seriously change plans for the development of the fleet. However, the ensuing sharp deterioration in relations with NATO promises even more serious changes. How the new political realities will affect the image of the fleet is not yet clear, but it is now obvious that the scope of the tasks facing it will increase sharply - and this cannot but affect its planned composition.


2009 Plan

The promising appearance of the Black Sea Fleet, which we can judge from the statements of the Russian naval leadership of 2009-12, provided, first of all, the creation of a “fleet of presence” designed to protect Russian interests in the Mediterranean and in African waters - both in the Atlantic and in the Atlantic and in the Indian Ocean. A regular example of such activity can be considered regular anti-piracy patrols in the Gulf of Aden and the nearby seas. Here, on one of the busiest sea routes, ships are constantly located either under the Russian flag or owned by Russian companies. And the presence in the region of the Russian Navy, along with the ships of the naval forces of the NATO countries, brought quite tangible benefits: from reducing the amount of insurance premiums to freeing ships already seized by pirates.

The watch of the African coast is carried by the ships of the Pacific, Northern, and sometimes Baltic fleets. At the same time, located closest to the place of events of the Black Sea Fleet for five years, the Russian anti-piracy mission never sent ships to patrol for quite a banal reason: an acute shortage of modern combat units. In fact, by the year 2010, the only battle ship of the Black Sea Fleet, capable of regularly and fully performing tasks far from its bases, was the cruiser “Moscow”. He is one of the most "built-up" ships of the Russian Navy - the geography of his campaigns from Sevastopol stretches from Vladivostok to Nicaraguan Corinto.

However, one, even if it is very efficient, despite its 30 age, the cruiser cannot replace the fleet, the other large ships of which have an even more respectable age. The renovation plan assumed, first of all, the replacement of obsolete patrol ships and large anti-submarine ships of the Black Sea Fleet with six frigates of the 11356Р / M project. This project is a development of a series of six for the Indian Navy (three + three under 1997 and 2006 contracts) Talvar frigates, in turn, based on the 1135 project widely used in the USSR Navy, combine fairly modern weapons and equipment with the development of basic units and aggregates. The lead ship of the new series, the frigate “Admiral Grigorovich”, launched in winter 2014 of the year in Kaliningrad, is to arrive on the Black Sea this year.

One Day

Frigate "Admiral Grigorovich"


At the same time, it was supposed to modernize (in fact, recreate) the submarine forces of the Black Sea Fleet, from which the only submarine B-871 "Alrosa" of the 877В project "Paltus", also known as "Varshavyanka", has so far remained. At the same time, the B-871 itself managed to survive a period of acute lack of money mainly due to the patronage of the Yakut company of the same name, which affected its name. The new plans included the construction of six submarines of the 636 project - a deeply modernized version of Varshavyanka. The head boat is the Novorossiysk B-261, it should also come to the Black Sea Fleet this year.

At the next stage, the navy’s amphibious assault forces were announced, including the possible transfer of one of the two Mistral-type amphibious assault ships (UDC) of Soviet-built amphibious ships to the Russian Black Sea Fleet and the replacement of the obsolete large amphibious assault ships (BDK) of Soviet construction. . The beginning of the renewal of light forces - small rocket, small anti-submarine ships and boats of various types was attributed to the end of the 2010-s.

At the same time, all new plans were under constant threat of disruption due to the unresolved status of the main fleet base (Sevastopol) and political difficulties in replacing the ship staff even after the 2010 Kharkiv agreements of the year. Construction of the base in Novorossiysk was estimated at 80 billion rubles, but it still could not fully replace Sevastopol, either because of its less convenient location and because of the characteristic features of local meteorology with fierce autumn-winter winds.

Especially strongly based basing influenced the development of the Navy’s water guard and coastal defense forces: Novorossiysk, concealed by Russian naval forces, was not suitable as the main base of the fleet, and Sevastopol as such could not be reliably protected due to restrictions on the deployment of the Russian Armed Forces in Crimea. In part, this was offset by the fact that the threat to the bases and the coast as a whole was considered insignificant: until the last months, the Black Sea was not considered in principle as a potential theater of military operations.

Reality-2014

The dramatic change in the political situation in the region made it necessary to overestimate the fleet's tasks and the prospects for its renewal, and in all potential areas of application - from ocean to coastal. Changes began even before the Crimea - Syria, where the Russian fleet for the first time after the end of the Cold War, was forced to perform the tasks characteristic of the period of global confrontation: delivering military cargo to Allies under conditions of rapid cooling of political relations with NATO, which supports the opposite side. conflict. In the summer of 2013, at the peak of military expectations, Russia's presence in the Mediterranean took on an organizational form in the form of the newly created “Naval Task Force in the Mediterranean”, which they simply began to call the “Mediterranean Squadron”.

Cooling did not turn into an armed confrontation, but it should be understood that in the event of a real conflict with the North Atlantic Alliance, Moscow’s military tools in the Mediterranean would be extremely limited. Relying on strategic nuclear forces does not guarantee the impossibility of local collisions in which the use of a nuclear arsenal cannot be justified.

Thus, during the Syrian and then the Ukrainian crisis, the range of potential tasks of the Black Sea Fleet and the Russian squadron in the Mediterranean Sea gradually changed, and eventually came to the following form. In the far sea and ocean zone, the fleet needs potential sufficient to counterbalance / block / neutralize / disable if necessary 1-2 US Navy aircraft carrier strike groups operating with the support of NATO allies. In the Black Sea, including in the coastal waters of the Crimea and the Caucasus, the issue of protecting the coast and bases suddenly came to the fore, both in the case of a hypothetical military conflict and in view of the likely increase in the activity of special services and terrorist organizations.

Radical changes in the plans for the construction of the Black Sea Fleet, however, did not happen, including due to the characteristics of the new generation ships. Universal ship firing systems (UKSK) allow new frigates, if necessary, to solve any problems - from shelling coastal targets with long-range cruise missiles to attacking an aircraft carrier with the help of supersonic anti-ship missiles. Led by "Moscow", which in the coming years will be renovated with modernization, and with the support of aviation and light forces, six new frigates represent more than a serious force on the Black Sea, and can become the core of the Mediterranean squadron. In addition, in the future, the Black Sea Fleet is likely to receive at least two promising destroyers that can replace Moscow.

The situation with the submarine forces is even simpler - for the new Varshavyanok, the task of fighting the naval forces of a potential enemy was defined as the main one even before the onset of any aggravations, and today it’s only a question of whether the Black Sea Fleet has enough six new boats or this number is to be increased. So far, no consideration has been expressed on this score, but it is possible that in the new conditions the Black Sea Fleet will receive more submarines than previously thought.

More serious changes await light fleet forces, aviation and coastal defense forces. At present, the option of introducing into the Black Sea Fleet the first small rocket ships (MRK) of the “Buyan-M” type, originally built for the Caspian flotilla, is already being considered. These ships are able to replace the IRAs and rocket boats of Soviet construction, and the use of the same UKSA, as on frigates, makes the “Buyan-M” universal, if not considered practically absent, due to the simplification and cheapening of the ship, the capabilities of the struggle with submarines.


UDC "Vladivostok"


The fight against submarines is likely to be placed on promising corvettes of the 22160 project, an order for which has recently been increased especially for the Black and Mediterranean Seas.

The fate of the landing forces of the Black Sea Fleet remains in question, not only because of the obscure opinion of the Ministry of Defense, but also because of the unclear until now, despite all the guarantees, the fate of the Mistral-type ships.

The most radically changing aviation and ground grouping in the Crimea, including the forces of both the Navy and other types of Russian Armed Forces. Some idea of ​​the scale of change is already provided by the deployment of the C-300PM2 air defense systems and the Bastion coastal missile systems in the Crimea. The next stage should be the renewal of Russian aviation in the Crimea, before the latest events presented by one regiment of obsolete Su-24 bombers at the Guards air base, and the same helicopter regiment on the Ka-27 marine vehicles based in Kach. The most likely contenders for the Crimean bases are the Su-30CM fighters and the Su-34 bombers actively procured by the Ministry of Defense. With sea helicopters, the situation is more complicated, but the timely repair of existing ones may allow us to pull out time before the appearance of new cars of this class.

It’s too early to make predictions and estimates. However, it is obvious that the changing situation changes the purpose of the fleet. The implementation of new plans will give Russia a reliable tool to protect its own coast, both in close proximity and at long distances. Among the many roles of the Black Sea Fleet, one can hardly find a more well-studied one.
Author:
Originator:
http://prokhor-tebin.livejournal.com/715510.html
57 comments
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  1. ksv500
    ksv500 15 May 2014 21: 47
    +26
    Russia has only two reliable allies - the Army and the Navy. Do not want to feed someone else's army, feed your smile
    1. MVS
      MVS 15 May 2014 21: 51
      +33
      Quote: ksv500
      Russia has only two reliable allies - the Army and the Navy. Do not want to feed someone else's army, feed your

      Recently, another 2 - oil and gas. They are especially good because with their help Europe can be plunged into the Stone Age without a single shot.
      1. Akulina
        Akulina 15 May 2014 22: 00
        +21
        And it would also be nice if something broke off with the profits and the common people, and not just the oligarchs. Maybe in the light of recent events, they will finally understand that they have nowhere to run, they need to live and work in Russia, and for their quiet life, something needs to be done for the people too .... Ukraine is a lesson for everyone - Bender, fascism - this is our glory There is no God, but after all there are people at the beginning against their thief of the shameless rose, and then it started ....
        1. Akvadra
          Akvadra 15 May 2014 23: 19
          +3
          King Louis loved to walk around Fonteblo Park,
          And that the peasant was hungry for him and not .... lo.
          ("alligator", he is aligarh in Africa)
        2. bistrov.
          bistrov. 16 May 2014 08: 01
          +2
          Quote: Akulina
          but after all, there the people at the beginning against their thief of the shameless rose, and then it started ....

          The people have nothing to do with it. Events in Kiev (Maidan), was originally organized by the Ukrainian so-called. opposition, parties "Batkivshchyna", Freedom "and" Strike ", the leaders of Turchynov, Tyagnibok and Klitschko, first in support of Ukraine's European integration, and then, when the current President Yanukovych refused to sign the European Association Agreement, and to remove him from power. EU and US officials took an active part and used the situation for the coming to power of the government under their control. were in the shadows) By the way, contrary to the prevailing opinion that under Yanukovych everything was plundered, this is far from the case. There was a lot of construction, reconstruction of schools, roads, attempts were made to introduce energy-saving technologies, pensions and salaries of state employees were raised, in particular, my pension was increased 350 hryvnia. All these activities were carried out against the background of price and hryvnia stability, which was cases 8: 1 all four years. Now all construction is frozen, the hryvnia fell 13: 1.
    2. kocclissi
      kocclissi 15 May 2014 21: 53
      +6
      Winter has passed, "Russian Bear" is waking up ..... it's time to fear those who wish him ill!
      1. Duke
        Duke 15 May 2014 23: 10
        +18
        Thank you for the article.
        Admiral Grigorovich
        1. marder4
          marder4 16 May 2014 07: 42
          0
          looks spectacular ...
      2. Rblipetsk
        Rblipetsk 15 May 2014 23: 19
        +2
        Winter has passed, "Russian Bear" is waking up ..... it's time to be afraid of those who wish him ill
        yes, winter is over. the "bear" woke up ... hungry and angry ... but they, dolbodons, are being hunted, they will finish, the dog was warned - do not be dashing ...
    3. Coffee_time
      Coffee_time 15 May 2014 21: 53
      +5
      It is necessary to make a personal contribution to achieving the goal !!!
      1. Penzyac
        Penzyac 15 May 2014 22: 12
        +3
        Quote: Coffee_time
        It is necessary to make a personal contribution to achieving the goal !!!

        Do not hesitate to do it!
      2. Drzog
        Drzog 16 May 2014 09: 56
        +1
        Give SMS donations to the needs of the army !!! laughing
    4. Morgan
      Morgan 15 May 2014 22: 05
      +6
      Allies - THREE. You forgot the Strategic Rocket Forces!
      1. viktor3316
        viktor3316 15 May 2014 23: 27
        +2
        Morgan is your truth. Let’s silence anywhere in the world!
    5. Naum
      Naum 15 May 2014 22: 51
      +1
      I specify: Army and Navy (sea and air). They are the only true allies of Russia and others will not!
    6. Sterlya
      Sterlya 15 May 2014 23: 17
      +1
      We chopped. We are afraid everywhere. we are even afraid to protect the Russians. what am I saying this.
      Sometimes you need to get drunk and fill your face. beaten will be silent in a rag. Oligarchs and others like them will suffer from such a policy. Is this the people?
      So if you fear for their condition, it turns out we are already like Americans. Conchita
    7. navy1301
      navy1301 16 May 2014 02: 13
      +1
      Sorry, I’ll clarify ... because the meaning is lost - to feed while kneeling (someone else's)
    8. VohaAhov
      VohaAhov 16 May 2014 04: 30
      +2
      And for some time now there have been four allies. The Air Force and Strategic Missile Forces were added.
    9. Tima
      Tima 16 May 2014 05: 32
      +2
      I’m happy to feed my army, but I don’t want to feed Serdyukov and Vasilyev!
  2. Ased
    Ased 15 May 2014 21: 49
    +25
    In the far sea and ocean zone, the fleet needs sufficient capacity to balance / block / neutralize / disable, if necessary, 1-2 aircraft carrier strike groups of the US Navy, supported by NATO allies.
    A worthy task! For a long time I have not heard such direct formulations!
    1. Uncle lee
      Uncle lee 16 May 2014 05: 54
      +6
      Yes, I want to like in the USSR:
      -Tass report - "In the Pacific Ocean the 6th American fleet disappeared without a trace. There are no losses on our side."
      Well, about the peacefully plowing tractor ... soldier
  3. Reserve officer
    Reserve officer 15 May 2014 21: 51
    +12
    In order for cooling not to develop into a potential confrontation, it is necessary to increase its potential capabilities. I am very glad that this is how it goes.
  4. Giant thought
    Giant thought 15 May 2014 21: 53
    +8
    The fact that it is necessary, as soon as possible, to strengthen the Black Sea Fleet, is unequivocal. But it would be nice to completely cut off Ukraine from the Black Sea, then the alignment would become frankly in our favor. We will help New Russia grow to such a size, from the Don to Romania.
  5. Mainbeam
    Mainbeam 15 May 2014 21: 54
    +10
    I really liked the article with its laconicism. Briefly, informatively and thoroughly.
    I would love to read similar articles, and not only about the Black Sea Fleet.

    Cooling did not turn into an armed confrontation, but it should be understood that in the event of a real conflict with the North Atlantic Alliance, Moscow’s military tools in the Mediterranean would be extremely limited. Relying on strategic nuclear forces does not guarantee the impossibility of local collisions in which the use of a nuclear arsenal cannot be justified.

    It’s nice that at least someone realistically writes, without liberal political correctness

    author Prokhor Tebin
  6. ia-ai00
    ia-ai00 15 May 2014 21: 54
    +6
    The farther, the more obvious that Russia has only two reliable friends - the ARMY and the Navy!
    It’s even scary to imagine in what time ... Russia would have been if Putin were not the president today, but, let’s say, yes ...
    Putin's merit also lies in the fact that he did not start re-equipping the Army and the Navy when the "cock" pecked, but, as they say, "ahead of time."
    1. SSR
      SSR 15 May 2014 23: 34
      +1
      Quote: ia-ai00
      The farther, the more obvious that Russia has only two reliable friends - the ARMY and the Navy!
      It’s even scary to imagine in what time ... Russia would have been if Putin were not the president today, but, let’s say, yes ...
      Putin's merit also lies in the fact that he did not start re-equipping the Army and the Navy when the "cock" pecked, but, as they say, "ahead of time."

      A little is not quite true.
      Putin just took up the Army when they couldn’t pick up combat-ready units against militants, he started from scratch, from Dagestan from the invasion there.
  7. hrapon
    hrapon 15 May 2014 21: 55
    +5
    The case of Admirals Ushakov and Senyavin is in decent hands. St. Andrew's flag in the Mediterranean to be.
  8. Scarp
    Scarp 15 May 2014 22: 01
    +16
    To neutralize / balance the potential enemy's fleet, 6 new frigates are clearly not enough. Americans like 60 with a hook. Plus ten tokens with a hook of aircraft carriers. Moscow is certainly a good ship, with my own eyes I saw the maneuvers of the Black Sea Fleet near Anapa. But we have ONE. It will blow up. On the mine and what's next? We need 6 such as Moscow and two dozen new frigates and two dozen submarines. And the military-industrial complex orders, and NATO diapers. One "carrier killer" is not the navy, even shoot me.
  9. RONIN-HS
    RONIN-HS 15 May 2014 22: 05
    +4
    At the same time, remember HARD TIME LIMIT ...! soldier Repair time is a maximum of a year! Well at the limit - 1,5-2 of the year ...
    The plans and program are good, but the topic is: ... "Grab your bags - the station is leaving!" But, really, there is - and thanks for that!
    While modernizing the Moskva, it would be nice to provide for the option of an EMERGENCY completion of the repair and commissioning of the ship in a couple of months. I'm afraid, as usual, they will disassemble "to the ground ..." on the basis of the "unfounded" offensive of the THREATENING PERIOD, and the warship will become a target in the dock ... mln! sad soldier
    Eh, earlier it would be all years of commercials on 10 ...
  10. Roman1970
    Roman1970 15 May 2014 22: 06
    +3
    Well, everything about the Black Sea Fleet is laid out on the shelves, it is weak for now ... The prospect, however, is inspiring ...
    1. PSih2097
      PSih2097 17 May 2014 01: 26
      0
      Quote: Roman1970
      Well, everything about the Black Sea Fleet is laid out on the shelves, it is weak for now ... The prospect, however, is inspiring ...

      Black Sea Fleet in which case the Caspian Flotilla will strengthen (in my opinion, this is better than nothing) ...
  11. ivantitanium
    ivantitanium 15 May 2014 22: 06
    +3
    we have three more fleets, and one fleet, I hope, they will not be forgotten about them ...
  12. Stinger
    Stinger 15 May 2014 22: 22
    +2
    Quote: Morgan

    Allies - THREE. You forgot the Strategic Rocket Forces!

    No. The third is Gazprom.
  13. typhoon7
    typhoon7 15 May 2014 22: 37
    +1
    A very good and interesting article. In the light of recent events, the program of rearmament of the Army and Navy will be updated and very seriously. The Navy needs new ships and boats like air. I'd like to see the modernized "Admiral Nakhimov", "Peter the Great", "Moscow" and especially the new Russian destroyer.
  14. nikrandel
    nikrandel 15 May 2014 22: 40
    +7
    The West thought in 1991 that they defeated us,
    But US is impossible to break.
    In 90's we got a little sick
    but now we got up, but how we got up!
    They regained their army, defense
    and most importantly - patriotism, love and pride in their homeland.
  15. Manul
    Manul 15 May 2014 22: 40
    +3
    Can anyone explain why the new ships have little or no attention at all to air defense systems? With a massive simultaneous air raid, missile strike and a large number of false targets released by the enemy - EVERY ship in the squadron must have an automatic weapon capable of shooting down any targets! TOP "? No place? So maybe something is superfluous, then this is definitely not an air defense system! Explain, if you know - where am I mistaken?
  16. nikrandel
    nikrandel 15 May 2014 22: 49
    +3
    Quote: kocclissi
    Winter has passed, "Russian Bear" is waking up ..... it's time to fear those who wish him ill!
    NATO members are already afraid, and circling the bears like mosquitoes, nibbling with insignificant sanctions!
  17. jovanni
    jovanni 15 May 2014 22: 58
    +1
    It would be interesting to read about the Caspian. There, the Middle East is at hand. That's how muscular this arm is ...
  18. Bark235
    Bark235 15 May 2014 23: 05
    +1
    The Russian fleet will be strong !!! In the meantime, his Aviation Brother will cover !!!
  19. The comment was deleted.
  20. nicollider
    nicollider 15 May 2014 23: 14
    +6
    I like it here - I don’t know, really where
    1. Panzerjager
      Panzerjager 16 May 2014 06: 10
      +1
      This is the cover of the book, the author, in my opinion, is Zorin, but I could be wrong. The book is fantastic, but interesting.
      1. Andrey_XRF
        Andrey_XRF 16 May 2014 20: 28
        0
        Alexander Zorich. But in reality - Jan Botsman and Dmitry Gordevsky are blowing (tandem).
        A little more from the same series.




  21. SHI69
    SHI69 15 May 2014 23: 35
    +2
    Hooray! Sevastopol forward!
  22. kelevra
    kelevra 16 May 2014 00: 25
    +2
    I don’t see any particular problems for the fleet and aviation in the Crimea. Of course, a lot needs to be done, Crimea, this piece of cake is very large and a lot of cream is needed on it. The main thing is that the structure of repairs and receipts of new equipment on the peninsula is correctly set!
  23. A1L9E4K9S
    A1L9E4K9S 16 May 2014 00: 31
    +3
    Quote: RONIN-HS
    At the same time, remember HARD TIME LIMIT ...!


    Here for this purpose Nikolaev shipyards are needed, the faster, the better.
  24. Komrad.Garik
    Komrad.Garik 16 May 2014 00: 50
    +3
    Is it clear with Crimea when will we take Odessa?
  25. Repty
    Repty 16 May 2014 01: 04
    +1
    [quote = Duke] Duke Yesterday, 23:10 PM ↑ New
    Thank you for the article.
    admiral grigorovich [/ quo


    The beauty!!!!
  26. Leonid Har
    Leonid Har 16 May 2014 02: 01
    +2
    The Navy is the muscles of Russia and it should develop. Stop degrading, it's time to progress. It’s time to show everyone that Russia is a power! And whoever comes to us with a sword will die by the sword!
  27. Sergey S.
    Sergey S. 16 May 2014 02: 18
    +1
    Quote: Bark235
    The Russian fleet will be strong !!! In the meantime, his Aviation Brother will cover !!!

    That would be the way ...
    But so far it is guaranteed that you can only rely on cover by ground-based air defense systems.
    In case of a serious situation, aviation itself will have to be covered.

    And we have problems with the construction of a new aircraft and a new fleet for 20 years ...
    after all - you need about 500 ships and 5000 combat aircraft.
    1. mamont5
      mamont5 16 May 2014 05: 12
      +1
      Quote: Sergey S.
      after all - you need about 500 ships and 5000 combat aircraft.


      For the Black Sea Fleet or in general for the entire Navy?

      My vision of the Black Sea Fleet is that it should be a relatively small fleet to hold the entire Black Sea + a small long-range squadron. Indeed, in the event of an open military confrontation with NATO, Turkey can easily block the strait and we cannot enter the Mediterranean. But in the Black Sea we must and will be masters, especially now that we have such a base as Crimea.
      1. PSih2097
        PSih2097 17 May 2014 01: 39
        0
        Quote: mamont5
        Indeed, in the event of an open military confrontation with NATO, Turkey can easily block the strait and we cannot enter the Mediterranean.

        in this case, Turkey as a state will cease to exist due to virgin radiation shining territory ...
        GC "Moskva" P-1000 covers the whole of Turkey and half of Europe, and if you equip the "volcanoes" with the SpetsBCH - living Turks, like the Geir.Peans, will remain only small enclaves around the world ...

  28. VNP1958PVN
    VNP1958PVN 16 May 2014 02: 38
    +1
    Why upset Obama with such articles, he already turns white with sadness!
  29. mamont5
    mamont5 16 May 2014 05: 01
    +1
    "... the ensuing sharp deterioration in relations with NATO promises even more serious changes."

    You might think that earlier this relationship was much better.
  30. tolmachiev51
    tolmachiev51 16 May 2014 05: 06
    +2
    Constant modernization !!! Is it worth the candle? 5-8 years and again the same rake. Is it worth it to spend money on trash? Factories are loaded at 50%, and new is new !!!
  31. sledge
    sledge 16 May 2014 05: 10
    +1
    Well, yes, don’t feed us difficulties. First, the army had to be destroyed, and only then revive again.
  32. The comment was deleted.
  33. stranik72
    stranik72 16 May 2014 05: 13
    +2
    The impotence of the military-industrial complex, there is no science, there is no modern technology, the lack of personnel leads to the degradation of production. But the "looking" for the military-industrial complex does not climb out of the tweeter. It seems like Proton fell, that now he will remember the trampoline again. So with the fleet, the money is serious and the goods for the 2nd grade are barely coming off, whom we will scare.
  34. andj61
    andj61 16 May 2014 06: 35
    +1
    To ensure security, we need to fill a niche in strategic forces with medium-range missiles - up to 5500 km, which were our RS-10. The Iskander (up to 500 km) is weak (I wonder if it is easy to increase its range?), Practically this weapon is almost a battlefield, Poplar-2m (11000 km) is for the USA. Europe now lacks nothing, well, maybe, except for the Tu-22M2, M3.
    In the 80s, Gorbachev reduced medium-range missiles - (1000-5500km), but from which hangover missiles with a range of up to 1000 km were destroyed - it is not clear.
    Caring for weapons, army, navy now is a vital necessity for Russia!
  35. marder4
    marder4 16 May 2014 07: 47
    +1
    in general, it pleases that the fleet is being strengthened, as they say - it's high time ... the only question is - is there enough money and power, a ship (even a small one) is not a rowing boat ...
  36. nvn_co
    nvn_co 16 May 2014 10: 04
    0
    A good article, pleasantly pleased, as they say: both thoughts and eyes. Short, capacious, clear! Well done author! Thank you for the article. He emphasized for himself interesting and useful information. And for one I was glad that the Sevastopol Helicopter Repair Plant would still work. People will have work, and the fleet will have helicopters!
  37. cahekmosa
    cahekmosa 16 May 2014 12: 26
    0
    updating the fleet is certainly good, but ships and submarines (and the modernized Moskva) are needed at least today, not in 2018. And I'm also wondering if the same "Grigorovich" and "Rostov-on-Don" will be allowed into the Black Sea?
  38. Prokhor Tebin
    Prokhor Tebin 29 May 2014 14: 27
    0
    Of course, I am pleased, but this article is not mine, but of my good friend Ilya Kramnik from Lenta.ru. I would like, henceforth, the topvar to pay great attention to what exactly it places and under whose name. If you want to end my article, then you can pay attention to this one, for example, http://www.globalaffairs.ru/number/Morskaya-mosch-na-fone-politicheskoi-buri-165
    96