Military Review

BTR-60

14



The BTR-60P armored personnel carrier was developed at the Gorky Design Bureau under the direction of V.А. Dedkov on the original base with the front control compartment and aft placement of the power plant. In the middle part of the hull there was a troop compartment that housed a 16 man, in which the arrows were facing the car’s board. The layout scheme provided the necessary constant trim of the machine on the stern to improve its navigational qualities.

Between the floor of the troop compartment and the bottom of the machine were installed transmission units. The open-top hull was carrying, had a streamlined bottom and bottom, and was made of armor plates with a thickness of 6-8 mm. The mass of the armored personnel carrier was 9,8 tons. On the brackets of the front and side hulls of the hull mounted machine gun SGMB, ammunition which was 1250 cartridges.

To ensure the specified mobility requirements, the BTR-60P used two carburetor engines GAZ-40P with the power of 90 hp, representing a forced version of the engine of the GAZ-51 truck. The engines were mounted in parallel, each with its transmission units on one common frame, but not the engines themselves, but only their control drives were interlocked. Four-speed gearboxes with synchronizers.



From the right engine, the wheels of the first and third bridges were driven, from the left engine - the wheels of the second and fourth bridges. The wheels of the first and second axles were controllable. The suspension used 8 torsion shafts and 12 telescopic shock absorbers. At the extreme ends of the suspension, two hydraulic shock absorbers were installed.

Large-profile tires had a central air pressure control system. A wide track made it possible to move beyond tanks, and four evenly spaced axes made it possible to overcome ditches up to 2 m wide. A jet-propelled jet propulsion device was used to move on water. A winch with a cable length of 50 m and a maximum traction force of 4500 kgf was installed in the front of the hull.

BTR-60P was adopted by the order of the Minister of Defense of the USSR from 13.11.1959. Its serial production was carried out in 1961-63.



BTR-60PA. From 1963 to 1966, the BTR-60PA was produced with a closed, fully sealed enclosure and a filtering unit. The machine gun was mounted on one of the three brackets on the roof of the hull. The landing and landing of troops (12 man) was carried out through hatches located in the roof.

BTR-60PU. On the basis of the BTR-60P, the P-145 control machine “Chaika” (BTR-60PU) was created, it was in service and in mass production and differed from the base machine by the installation of communications equipment - two VHF radio stations P-111, KV of radio station P-123, corresponding antenna and switching equipment. The crew of the car consisted of four people. The machine arrived at the headquarters of tank, motorized rifle, artillery regiments and formations.

BTR-60PB. It was a modernized version of the BTR-60PA. It was created by the design office under the direction of V.A. Dedkov and adopted by order of the Minister of Defense of the USSR from 29.06.1964. Serial production of the machine was carried out in 1965-76. The main difference of the armored personnel carrier was a rotating conical turret with a paired installation of a 14,5-mm KPVT machine gun and a X-NUMX-mm PKT machine gun. Machine gun installation periscopic sight and manual guidance. The horizontal angle of attack is 7,62 °, the vertical angle of attack is from -180 ° to + 5 °. Provided for the installation of the NVD at the commander and the driver. On the basis of the BTR-30PB, the commander’s armored personnel carrier BTR-60PBK was manufactured and adopted by order of the USSR Minister of Defense from 60. With the adoption of the unified BNU-5.05.1975 turret machine gun in 1, he was assigned the BTR-1976PV brand. In 60, on the basis of the BTR-1972PB, the BTR-60PZ was developed, which differed in the angle of elevation of the machine-gun installation to 60 °. The car was produced in limited quantities and was not accepted for service.

MTP-2. The technical assistance machine MTP-2 was created as a mobile means of technical support for the motorized rifle battalion. It was designed to evacuate, troubleshoot and carry out labor-intensive maintenance work for the 40, BTR-152, BTR-60PA, BTR-60PB, BRDM and BRDM-2 BTR. The machine was created on the basis of the BTR-60P armored personnel carrier chassis and adopted by order of the USSR Minister of Defense from 25.07.1975. Serial production of cars began in 1976. MTP-2 differed from the base machine by installing a crane-boom, gas-welding equipment and the presence of a set of pullers, accessories and tool. The machine had a collective protection system.

PU-12. The mobile control center PU-12 was developed on the basis of the BTR-60PB armored personnel carrier chassis and was used in 1972. The control point was intended for artillery units, providing command and control communications with all-arms units. The machine was equipped with a unified data acquisition and transmission equipment, communication equipment, navigation equipment, anti-nuclear protection system and an autonomous power supply unit.

Main Technical Specifications

Formula 8x8
Combat weight 10300 kg
Combat crew 3 + 8 people
Length 7560 mm
2830 width mm
Height 2310 mm
Clearance 475 mm
Armament / ammunition 14,5-mm KPVT machine gun + 7,62-mm PKT / 1250 machine gun coupled with it
6-8 mm armor protection
2 x carburetor engine, six-cylinder GAZ-40P
Engine power <2 x 90 HP
Overcoming ditch 2 m
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  1. Crang
    Crang 7 September 2013 08: 53
    +4
    Had a ride on this. The engine certainly does not pull nifiga, but the BTR-60PB has one undeniable advantage over the more modern BTR-70/80. BTR-60PB is much more comfortable than them. Due to the somewhat higher ceiling, at least you sit in it as a person, and not like hell knows what.
    1. vladkavkaz
      vladkavkaz 7 September 2013 19: 34
      +2
      Krang (
      BTR60 and engines do not pull ??
      Have you got a technician with a carrier?
      Actually, 60 in skilled hands, 110 km per hour flew, without much straining.
      But Btr70, the coffin is still that ... moody engines, cramped, poorly repairable in isolation from the repairmen.
      BTR80, good, a little stronger weapons and armoring, generally good.
      He served on an armored personnel carrier, for a long time, he was satisfied with the first two machines, average -70-the worst memories.
      1. Crang
        Crang 8 September 2013 10: 27
        0
        Well, I don't know how he flew there 110 km / h with 2x90hp engines = 180hp. with a mass of 10,3 tons. Now such power for a solid SUV is no longer quite sufficient. And here, in general, 17,4hp / t. it turns out (less than that of tanks). I still remember his glushak so much like the old Gazik with round taillights. With the powerful sound of a turbocharged V8 260hp. the BTR-80 does not even compare. But the BTR-60 is more comfortable than its newer counterparts. Perhaps this is its only advantage over newer cars.
      2. Crang
        Crang 8 September 2013 11: 01
        +1
        Quote: vladkavkaz
        In fact, 60 flew in skilled hands 110 km per hour,not straining much.

        And how much straining? 160km / h I guess.
  2. apro
    apro 7 September 2013 09: 02
    +5
    I narrowed down on the Pu-12 compared to the MT-forehead a complete r ... Wheeled armored vehicles are not our hobby. How many years have passed and nothing worthwhile has been done. For such machines, a back exit is required for the engine in the front or in the middle, and it is desirable to lower and wider the height.
  3. Strashila
    Strashila 7 September 2013 09: 10
    +2
    Everything is good for its era. Thought ... if you make a hybrid of BTR-80 and BTR-60. i.e. raise the roof to the landing squad. Remove the tower, replace with 2 remotely controlled 12,7 mm turrets. Raise the floor specifically in the troop compartment, make double. The place of the driver’s mechanic is a double side and a bottom with foaming. Strengthening the reservation around the perimeter of the troop compartment. Naturally, the armored personnel carrier will not float.
    1. apro
      apro 7 September 2013 09: 22
      +1
      Quote: Strashila
      Naturally, the APC will not swim.

      Does it need this swimming? if there is a choice of security or swimming, I choose security.
      1. Massik
        Massik 7 September 2013 15: 51
        +5
        Ahah, and then you’ll look for 2 days as he crosses the river when the enemy blew all the bridges ...
  4. Somad
    Somad 7 September 2013 12: 44
    +4
    In the video, the rear of the APC was also changed. What - and engines replaced with diesel? Served on it: a system with two GAZ-40p engines - a complete g ...
    1. Argon
      Argon 7 September 2013 13: 17
      -3
      Forgive me, Lord, those who took this miracle into service, let them rest in peace, like this "Masterpiece" on the "blocks." And let it remain there until it is written off, you will not wish such a vehicle to the enemy, only an armored personnel carrier is worse. 70.
    2. vladkavkaz
      vladkavkaz 7 September 2013 19: 35
      0
      If the hands are hooks, then yes you won’t get any problems.
      and two engines 60, and in the mud they dragged the car, unlike 70.
      1. Argon
        Argon 7 September 2013 23: 39
        +1
        Dear vladkavkaz, obviously after such "pilots" these machines end up at the enterprise where I work, so I am talking about the issue with understanding, your logic can do me well, that is, at the age of sixty your almighty "TECHNICIAN!?" With "DRIVER !?" In general, in my opinion, designing a wheeled armored personnel carrier on automotive units is fundamentally flawed (albeit cheap), at least on domestically produced units (too low resources, and reliability coefficients). Last year, a car based on the BTR-60PB, made in Belarus in the mid-90s with an OM-425LA power unit (the body was not altered), got very pleasant impressions, even more questions how did he get into the RF Armed Forces with such an engine?
  5. smiths xnumx
    smiths xnumx 7 September 2013 13: 07
    +1
    I had a chance to ride such a training. I agree with the previous participants the full r ... BTR-70 with two Shishig engines will be better.
    The Romanians based on the BTR-60PB built their own BTR-TAV-71 and armed them with the Yugoslavs and Moldavians.
    The machine was developed on the basis of the BTR-60PB, first demonstrated in 1972.
    The main improvements to the prototype were the installation of more powerful engines (2x140 hp compared to 2x90 hp) and a change in the tower design, which made it possible to combat air targets with machine guns. A full swing tower is installed on the roof. The elevation angle of the main armament is from -5 ° to + 85 °. The machine is floating, afloat driven by fodder water cannons.
    The standard equipment includes a tire pressure regulation system.
    The main castings of TAV-71 from BTR-60PB are:
    Frontal armor plates are installed at large angles of inclination. The driver's seat is in front. The roof is horizontal, 8 in its center is a tower that differs from the prototype - the tower of the Soviet BTR-60PB - the external location of the sight to the left of the main armament. On the sides there are doors opening forward over the second and third axis and 3 loopholes.
    Modifications
    TAV-71M, practically does not differ from the base machine.
    TAV-71A R1 450, TAV-71A R1 451 TAV-71A R1 452 - KShM.
    TERA-71L - repair machine. TAV-71 AR - self-propelled 81-mm mortar, without a tower.
    TAV-71 was discontinued and replaced with a Romanian copy of the BTR-70-TAV-77.
  6. gerafak
    gerafak 7 September 2013 14: 05
    +2
    Armored personnel carrier BTR-60P was developed at the Gorky Design Bureau

    Why not sweet then))
  7. Massik
    Massik 7 September 2013 15: 53
    +1
    Now there are almost no 60 tons in its pure form, mainly after the capital with a stern, a turret from 80ki and a diesel engine, well, they put the walkie-talkie 123m
    1. Somad
      Somad 21 September 2013 15: 53
      0
      The army has a lot of KShM "Chaika" on the base of the 60th left ...
  8. sird64
    sird64 7 September 2013 18: 59
    +2
    I served on such a r-145 seagull, the machine is certainly good, but it got me exhausted especially when the heat exchanger decays and it was something to change the heater’s coil on it, a dangerous thing
  9. Technologist
    Technologist 7 September 2013 20: 15
    +1
    As you like, but the dviglo half past five is tin.
  10. nikcris
    nikcris 7 September 2013 23: 16
    +2
    Quote: Technologist
    As you like, but the dviglo half past five is tin.

    There was nothing else to put there.
    PS Wretched, of course. The war just began to be forgotten then. Submarines were on German projects fifteen years ago. Sewers were not in most cities. And in many, the light in the center was until 22 00. Behind the center were kerosene shops. But the rockets were already starting to not fall, and in parallel the country was BUILDING.
    What did I want to say? I wanted to say that 60 is better than 152.
    1. Argon
      Argon 7 September 2013 23: 56
      0
      I would argue, especially in terms of maintainability. At 152, one person can do everything (in the scope of the current repair, of course), provided that there is a PRMk, with sixty more complicated, you need two.
  11. Kukota
    Kukota 8 September 2013 11: 24
    +3
    In the "Armor of Russia" there is footage of the landing from the BTR-60
    Maybe after that the lines were introduced that "a soldier must courageously overcome hardships and hardships"? Generally mockery of the soldiers.
  12. aviator65
    aviator65 8 September 2013 16: 19
    +2
    For BTR 60 I can’t say anything, I didn’t have a chance to collide. But there were 70 matches in the brigade. On the one hand, for mechanical drivers, there was still hemorrhoids, but on the other hand, when one of the vehicles returned from combat vehicles with an RPG grenade in the collapse of the cylinders of one of the engines, there were no words, as they say.
  13. mirag2
    mirag2 8 September 2013 18: 54
    0
    Excellent combat capabilities of this combat module.
  14. _KM_
    _KM_ 9 September 2013 17: 36
    0
    I'll try myself in the role of captain of Evidence. :)

    In the USSR, cooperation between ed. factories was specific and it was desirable that everything was produced at one plant. But GAZ did not have an engine of the required power. So they put 2 motors. Palliative. And, as a result, the volume of the power unit is greater than that of a single engine, and the transmission is more complicated, and high tire wear, and layout difficulties ...