Military Review

Happy Black Sea Fleet of the Russian Federation!

42
May 13 - Black Sea Day fleet Of Russia. It was on May 13, 231 years ago (in 1783) that 11 ships of the Azov Flotilla under the command of Fedot Alekseevich Klokachev, an outstanding naval commander who was destined to take a direct part in the creation of the Russian Black Sea Fleet, arrived in Akhtiar Bay (the old name of the Sevastopol Bay) become his first commander (chief commander).


Fedot Klokachev:

For all of Europe, there is no such harbor like - position, size, depth. It is possible to have a fleet of up to one hundred ships of the line.


Happy Black Sea Fleet of the Russian Federation!


Over time, the 11 ships of the Dnieper Flotilla joined the ships of 17, which entered the Akhtiar Bay. The ships of the two flotillas served as a kind of foundation for the formation of the future Black Sea Fleet.

The Black Sea Fleet of the Russian Empire began to be created after the relevant decree of Catherine II, which came into being after the decree on the annexation of Crimea to Russia.

A year after the Russian warships arrived at Akhtiar Bay, it was decided to rename Akhtiar to Sevastopol (translated into Russian, a majestic city).

From that very moment, the active development of the fleet grouping began, which, after 2 of the year, since Vice-Admiral Klokachev's vessels were being developed by the ships, they already had more than 50 vessels of various purposes, from schooners to battleships and frigates. The total number of sailors by 1785 in Sevastopol was more than 13 thousand people. The headquarters of the Black Sea Fleet of Russia was originally based in Kherson.

The decision that May 13 should be considered the day of the Russian Black Sea Fleet was made in the 1996 year. Despite the appearance of a bright date in the naval calendar, 1996 year in the memory of many sailors remained with a touch of heavy memories. After all, 18 years ago the first stage of the division of the single fleet into its component parts, Ukrainian and Russian, was begun. In May, 1997 was concluded an agreement on the final delimitation of the fleet government segments in the Crimea.

Fleet-based points and rear services in Balaklava, Ochakov, Izmail, Odessa, and Donuzlav were transferred to the Ukrainian side; In addition, 9 main and alternate airfields from 13, as well as 4, departed the coastal forces, combat and technical support facilities in Dalny, Old Crimea, Bakhchisarai, Novo-Andreyevka and other settlements of the peninsula departed to Kiev.

Limited to numerous obligations to Kiev (including obviously artificial ones), the Russian side could not fully develop the Black Sea Fleet after the collapse of the Soviet Union. And if in 90, everything was written off mainly on lack of money, then after the so-called “orange” came to power in Ukraine, the modernization barriers of the Russian Black Sea Fleet began to arise regardless of the financial component of the issue. In 2005, then-President of Ukraine Viktor Yushchenko stated that the status of the Russian Black Sea Fleet on the Crimean Peninsula needs to be reconsidered. Oleksandr Turchynov, who at that time worked in the Security Service of Ukraine, announced that the basing of the Russian fleet in Crimea is a contradiction to the national interests of Ukraine.

The policy and the desire of the then Ukrainian leadership to lead the country towards NATO clearly interfered in the matter. It should be noted that today's Ukrainian pseudo-authorities obviously prepared a bridgehead in the Crimea for the arrival of “friends” from the North Atlantic Alliance. Information that has become public about the tender for the repair of one of the Sevastopol schools for the money of the US Navy to deploy American marines in Sevastopol is a vivid example.

However, 18 years after the first stages of the division of the Black Sea Fleet historical justice triumphed: Crimea again became part of Russia, and the Russian Black Sea Fleet received a completely new impetus for its further development. That is why May 13, 2014 is a special day for Sevastopol, Crimea, and all of Russia. In fact, before our very eyes, there is a revival of the Black Sea Fleet - the heroic fleet, which at different times stood guard over the borders of the Fatherland.

The history of the fleet is inextricably linked with such names as Fedor Ushakov, Mikhail Lazarev, Pavel Nakhimov, Vladimir Kornilov. Today, the Black Sea Fleet is commanded by Alexander Vitko, who just the other day (5 May 2014 years) by the decree of the President of the Russian Federation was awarded the rank of admiral.

"Military Review" warmly congratulates all the veterans of the Black Sea Fleet, and of course those who today are on duty watch defending the Russian frontiers on the Black Sea! The Black Sea Fleet is the unfading fighting glory of Russia!

Congratulations, Black Sea sailors!



PS According to the reports of the Minister of Defense of the Russian Federation Sergey Shoigu, the total financing volumes of the Black Sea Fleet of the Russian Federation will amount to 86,7 billion rubles to 2020 of the year. Shoigu notes that this year the Russian Black Sea Fleet will be replenished with both surface and underwater warships of a new generation. Additional air defense units and marines will be created in the Crimea.
Photos used:
http://www.art-buhta.ru/, http://www.kremlin.ru/
42 comments
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  1. kafa
    kafa 13 May 2014 07: 35
    +15
    Happy holiday sailors of the Black Sea! smile
    1. Serg 122
      Serg 122 13 May 2014 13: 32
      0
      Here an article about the holiday caught my eye, funny ...
      During the Soviet Union, military sailors in a simple and humorous form “rated” all four (for some reason, the Caspian flotilla did not take into account) available fleets. He headed the rating of the Northern Fleet (in the generally accepted abbreviation - SF), which was proclaimed "Superflot". Then came the Pacific Fleet (Pacific Fleet - “Also Fleet”). Chernomorsky (Black Sea Fleet) occupied the third position, with the condescending wording: “Chi (whether) is a fleet, Chi is not a fleet”. Well, the Baltic (BF) closed the “standings” as the “Former Fleet”. No jokes, but the approximate importance of the fleets in the geopolitical balance of power, this gradation showed very accurately ...
      And, a little - about Sevastopol:
      As it often happens, the implementation of a grandiose project entailed the implementation of associated projects. Many glorious Black Sea cities appeared on the map precisely as the base of the developing Black Sea Fleet, the place of construction of its ships, simply as civilian ports, now protected by the power of Russian weapons. Something was laid in an empty place, something in the place of coastal Tatar or Turkish villages, which at first gave new cities their names. Catherine herself, then fascinated by the Greek language, came up with the name "Sevastopol" (from Greek - "city of glory, city of worship") to the new city on the shore of the Akhtiyar Bay. After her death, mother-hater Pavel I renamed the future “capital of the Black Sea Fleet” into “Akhtiyar”. But he did not rule for long, and after his death the city again became Sevastopol.
      1. Navy7981
        Navy7981 13 May 2014 23: 09
        +1
        The fleet had never heard such a Chi. "Tea fleet" was sometimes called that! Well, what is the sun, summer, the gene headquarters flies for checks, there was a splendor, but this does not mean that we did not go to the seas. Three fights in Mediterranean in three years is normal. I went to Bizerte and El-Khodjar. It was interesting, although the first assistants were grazing the pancake and received 700 Mellims less than one Tunisian dinar (all this trifle could not be bought home and brought nothing), but in Algeria they were not allowed to go ashore at all. Well figs with him! Everything was great !!! I remember everything! And 11 more years in the seas ... Eh!
  2. denis88
    denis88 13 May 2014 07: 37
    +15
    Happy Black Sea! Seven feet under the keel!
    1. Arberes
      Arberes 13 May 2014 08: 37
      +10
      Quote: denis88
      Happy Black Sea! Seven feet under the keel!

      With great pleasure I join! hi
      New ships and interesting trips to you, dear Black Sea sailors! drinks

      For the Russian ships!
      For a friendly crew!
      Well, for the Crimea of ​​course!
      Now he is our friends !!!

      Many years and good health to sailors and our Navy!
      1. Andrey Yuryevich
        Andrey Yuryevich 13 May 2014 19: 16
        +3
        Quote: Arberes

        For the Russian ships!
        For a friendly crew!
        Well, for the Crimea of ​​course!
        Now he is our friends !!!

        for the fact that the Black Sea is terrible for the enemy, there is a mattress like a skedaddle, from "crackers" with "khibiny"! laughing laughing
  3. from punk
    from punk 13 May 2014 07: 47
    +7
    more ships to you new. and seven feet under the keel
  4. Warhead-xnumx
    Warhead-xnumx 13 May 2014 07: 49
    +11
    Happy holiday to you former colleagues!
  5. mig31
    mig31 13 May 2014 07: 50
    +7
    Glory to the sailors of the Black Sea, the descendants of Ushakov and Nakhimov !!!
  6. sledge
    sledge 13 May 2014 08: 02
    +8
    Today in Sevastopol THIS HOLIDAY !!!
    All Chernomorets with a HOLIDAY!
    1. ZU-23
      ZU-23 13 May 2014 08: 15
      +5
      Quote: Sanya
      Today in Sevastopol THIS HOLIDAY !!!

      Yeah, I join in the congratulations, I myself have been to Soviet Sevastopol a couple of times for this holiday, Cool! The demonstrative show of technique was funded.
    2. The comment was deleted.
  7. Shadow1
    Shadow1 13 May 2014 08: 06
    +7
    On the day, this sun seems to laugh -
    He sends you greetings, Black Sea sailors!
    Sound waves will hit the board:
    “Happy holiday! Happy holiday, our best fleet! ”
    Happy Black Sea Fleet of Russia
    Today we congratulate all those
    Who saw the Black Sea in blue!
    May success accompany you in life!
  8. annodomene
    annodomene 13 May 2014 08: 11
    +9
    Happy holiday, colleagues!
  9. yan
    yan 13 May 2014 08: 20
    +6
    Happy holiday, Glorious sea brotherhood! Glory to the Black Sea Fleet, glory to the sailors of Russia!
  10. Serg65
    Serg65 13 May 2014 08: 21
    +12
    231 years the Black Sea Fleet is a shield of the southern borders of Russia and a bone in the throat of enemies ... sorry "partners". Sailor Chernomorets remember your ancestors and be proud of your title !!! Happy Holidays, Chernomorets !!!
  11. Pitman
    Pitman 13 May 2014 08: 31
    +7
    Seagulls with clouds above the Black Sea,
    And in the sea - the glorious Black Sea Fleet!
    I congratulate you with heartfelt poems,
    You are our pride, glory and stronghold!

    Let from the sailor to the general
    It serves you and makes friends easily,
    So that trouble does not arise before you,
    And fame rose high!

    I wish you love and understanding,
    Hearty meetings and loyal girlfriends,
    Great service, happy dates,
    Boiling waves and hearts hard beat!

    Glory to the Black Sea Fleet !!!!!
  12. mamont5
    mamont5 13 May 2014 08: 37
    +7
    Happy Holidays to you Chernomorets!
  13. badger1974
    badger1974 13 May 2014 09: 03
    +11
    Happy sailors' holiday, 1992-1994 itself, the 3rd brigade of search and rescue ships of the KCHF, board 201 PSK "Donbass", got to serve when the KCHF was torn to pieces, in the photo is the last photo of my Donbass
    1. Poppy
      Poppy 13 May 2014 10: 55
      +3
      and I served in Leningrad

      Happy holiday !!!!
  14. sv-georgij
    sv-georgij 13 May 2014 09: 17
    +9
    Congratulations to all the Black Sea people on the Holiday. Himself in the past Chernomorets. From the heart I am glad that now we will all honor our Russian Black Sea Red Banner Fleet
  15. vovan50
    vovan50 13 May 2014 09: 45
    +5
    Happy Chernomorets! And somehow I'm sad and the song is spinning in my head:

    There is a city that I see in a dream.
    Oh, if you knew how dear
    At the Black Sea appeared to me
    In blooming acacia city
    In blooming acacia city
    At the Black Sea
    1. Serg65
      Serg65 13 May 2014 12: 34
      +4
      vovan50 laughing song about Odessa, of course I am with all my hands ZAAAA, I'm afraid to jinx it what
  16. parus2nik
    parus2nik 13 May 2014 09: 46
    +4
    Glory to the Black Sea Fleet!
  17. avt
    avt 13 May 2014 09: 54
    +5
    HAPPY HOLIDAY! Oh! even if they ships would be built up quickly!
    1. Russ69
      Russ69 13 May 2014 10: 36
      +2
      Quote: avt
      HAPPY HOLIDAY! Oh! even if they ships would be built up quickly!

      In June or July, they promised DPL "Novorossiysk", already transfer.
      Yes, and 1 out of 6 ordered, they want to transfer ahead of schedule.
  18. VNP1958PVN
    VNP1958PVN 13 May 2014 09: 59
    +4
    What a strange occupation? In Crimea, all the time, celebration and joy! In Ukraine-free and independent, grief and tears? Black Sea people with a HOLIDAY! drinks
  19. cerbuk6155
    cerbuk6155 13 May 2014 10: 04
    +2
    Happy holiday dear Black Sea sailors! Happiness, health and success in your difficult service for the good of our homeland and the evil of enemies. drinks
  20. Trevis
    Trevis 13 May 2014 10: 27
    +6
    Congratulations to you guys!
  21. SmacXnumx
    SmacXnumx 13 May 2014 10: 30
    +4
    Happy holiday. Seven feet under the keel !!
  22. galaktikayo
    galaktikayo 13 May 2014 10: 57
    +4
    Happy Holidays!
  23. nvn_co
    nvn_co 13 May 2014 11: 22
    +4
    What a good article I didn’t know! Well, with the holiday Heroes-Sailors of the Black Sea! Good luck, victories, health, and all the best to you and your families! Seven feet under the keel! good
  24. Kornilovets
    Kornilovets 13 May 2014 12: 16
    +2
    The heirs of the glorious traditions of Ushakov, Nakhimov, Kornilov, Istomin, Makarov, etc. of the glorious officers and admirals of the Black Sea Fleet URA !!!

    Why in Sevastopol there is no monument to Ushakov, because what were the victories of Fidonisi, Kerch, Tendra, Kaliakria, Corfu !!!
    1. Serg65
      Serg65 13 May 2014 12: 41
      +6
      Quote: Kornilovist


      Why in Sevastopol there is no monument to Ushakov, because what were the victories of Fidonisi, Kerch, Tendra, Kaliakria, Corfu !!!


      I am wildly sorry, how can I not ??? On Ushakov Square, near the Base Sailor's Club, he has been proudly looking at the city since 1983!
  25. Boa kaa
    Boa kaa 13 May 2014 12: 18
    +3
    With all my heart I congratulate my fellow Chernomorets on the anniversary of the Black Sea Fleet, glorious for its history and military affairs of Today. Happiness, good luck and SEVEN FEET UNDER KEEL!
  26. LIS 25
    LIS 25 13 May 2014 12: 35
    +2
    Happy holiday Chernomorets. drinks
  27. Al_lexx
    Al_lexx 13 May 2014 12: 41
    +2
    Happy Black Sea!
  28. ando_bor
    ando_bor 13 May 2014 14: 35
    +1
    Happy Black Sea!
    He is a nephew, he is serving an urgent term in Sevastopol, he went to Syria - they defended, they began to repair Crimea, they attached Crimea, and the guy got it, but they say they have few years of service - it’s enough if everything is organized correctly, all Crimean conscripts with rewards go to demobilization.
    1. Andrey77
      Andrey77 13 May 2014 16: 50
      +1
      Has he even managed to study where his BP is located and where its place is in AT? I’m silent about the materiel, especially if my nephew got into the warhead-5.
  29. Kornilovets
    Kornilovets 13 May 2014 15: 22
    +1
    Quote: Serg65
    Quote: Kornilovist


    Why in Sevastopol there is no monument to Ushakov, because what were the victories of Fidonisi, Kerch, Tendra, Kaliakria, Corfu !!!


    I am wildly sorry, how can I not ??? On Ushakov Square, near the Base Sailor's Club, he has been proudly looking at the city since 1983!


    From damn, forgot, IS!
    1. badger1974
      badger1974 13 May 2014 15: 27
      +2
      Kornilov, too, is, stands on Malashka
  30. Roman 1977
    Roman 1977 13 May 2014 16: 35
    +1
    Happy holiday to all involved, especially those serving and serving in the Red Banner Black Sea Fleet !!! drinks Low bow to you guys !!! hi
    So, what we have now on the Black Sea:
    flagship ship-RRC project 1164 "Moscow";
    SKR project 01190 "Sharp-witted";
    SKR project 1135M "Pytlivy".
    BOD project 1134B "Kerch" - is used in Sevastopol as a floating barracks, and also serves as the flagship of the fleet during the period when the "Moskva" GRKR is on military campaigns.
    SKR project 1135 "Ladny" is under repair and will be under repair until the end of this year.
    Those. of 5 ships of 1-2 rank, 3 are combat ready, another is under repair, 1 is not operational.
    Submarine forces:
    B-871 "Alrosa" - is in the OPB in Sevastopol. According to some reports, it is not capable of combat and is docked at the 13th shipyard in Sevastopol. At least during the May 9 parade, in which even the slow-moving "Kerch" missile defense vehicle took part, it was not. If this is true, then we have no submarine forces on the Black Sea!
    Also on the Black Sea Fleet is another diesel-electric submarine B-380 "Hero of Sevastopol Artyom Titarenko" of project 641B "Som". The boat is in the floating dock "PD-16" in the South Bay of Sevastopol, awaiting a decision on its further fate, i.e. completely incapable of combat.
    Those. 1 DEPL.
    MRK-4:
    2 "Calm" and "Mirage" project 12341 "Gadfly-1"
    2 "Bora" and "Samum" hovercraft project 1239 "Sivuch".
    IPC-7:
    6 IPC of the project 1124М;
    1 IPC of the 11451 project.
    Missile boats-5, 4 project 12411. The 12417 P-71 RCA, armed with the 4 launcher of the P-15 anti-ship missile system, is currently located in the quarantine bay, and a missile boat is planned to be put into a ship repair plant for restoration and modernization.
    Minesweepers - 11 (2 Raid)
    4 of the 266M Aquamarine project;
    2 of the modernized 266ME Aquamarine-ME project;
    2 projects 1265 "Yakhont". One - "Lieutenant Ilyin" in the reserve of the 1st category.
    1 RTSCh of the 1258 project "Malachite-2".
    1 of the 12660 Rubin project. Under repair
    1 RTSCH 12592 "Malachite-2".
    3 anti-sabotage boat project 21980 Rook.
    Airborne Forces Black Sea Fleet: BDK-7
    3 projects 1171, of which the Saratov large landing craft completed almost ten months of repair; "Nikolay Filchenkov" in service, large landing craft "Orsk" or in reserve of the 2nd stage, or 13 shipyards are being repaired.
    4 projects 1175, including the large landing craft "Caesar Kunnikov" under repair by the end of this year.
    Total: combat-ready BDK-5 (3 of the 775 project, 2 of the 1171 project)
    2 landing craft:
    1 landing craft of the project 11770 D-144.
    1 landing craft of the project 1176 D-106.
    Auxiliary fleet forces:
    4 reconnaissance ship: 1 project 864, 3 project 861М.
    1 tanker of project 1559B "Ivan Bubnov" built in 1974.
    Project 3228 tanker "General Ryabikov" built in 1978.
    Project 320A hospital ship "Yenisei" built in 1979 in reserve.
    In total:
    Submarines: 2, taking into account the fully operational B-380 “Hero of Sevastopol Artyom Titarenko”
    Surface ships: 44
    The average fleet age at 2013 year is 26 years.
    The total missile salvo is 68 missiles (16 P-1000 Vulkan with the Moskva GRKR + 8 X-35 Uranus with the Smetlivy missile launcher + 12 with the P-120 with the pr. 1234+ MRK 16 Mosquitoes with the pr. 1239+ 16 "Mosquitoes" with RCA pr. 1241), taking into account the repairing RCA R-71 (4 P-15M) - 72. Thus, the Black Sea Fleet is able to destroy any fleet on the Black Sea except the Turkish one, and inflict losses on the latter.
    1. Andrey77
      Andrey77 13 May 2014 16: 59
      +2
      RCA of project 12417 R-71, armed with 4 launchers of anti-ship missiles R-P-15, is currently located in the quarantine bay, it is planned to launch a missile boat at a ship repair plant for restoration repair and modernization.

      For disposal. Like the Buki-380 submarine. These ships are an ancient ram of a mammoth.
      1. badger1974
        badger1974 15 May 2014 10: 59
        0
        oh well, comb it, the Turkish Dogans are peers of our Mollyashki, another thing is the P-15 is a really heavy weapon against harpoons on Dogans, but if you install Uranium anti-ship missiles in the appropriate tonnage instead of the P-15, the Uranium ammunition will be about 20 missiles instead of 4 termites, as they say, everything is on the face, and in vain about antiquity, the Missouri dinosaur somehow banged across Iraq (a meteorite to him in Arizona), and nothing, everything was fun
    2. badger1974
      badger1974 15 May 2014 11: 46
      0
      there is one remark to the above, it never occurred to you that in addition to the submarine, the command of the KChF also has coastal defense communications in the form of land-based anti-ship missiles, naval aviation in the form of 22m3 and Su-34, and of course air defense with various centers control (beyond the horizon), the distance to the coast is relatively small for supersonic mosquitoes, basalts, and granites with yachts, etc., so that the Turks have small chances, besides, ships with nuclear power plants are prohibited from entering the Pont water area, and the flight time of the Allied NATO flip even after take-off, there is nothing to cover except for the mat, the US State Department is in a panic, therefore makes a mistake after a mistake
  31. Andrey77
    Andrey77 13 May 2014 16: 47
    0
    Is there a day for the Navy allocated separately to the Black Sea? Well I do not know. Let's make the day of the Baltic, Northern, Pacific Fleet then.
    1. badger1974
      badger1974 15 May 2014 11: 30
      0
      well, you’re completely wrong, I’ll explain, the fact is that since the founding of the Sea Fleet by Tsar Peter, the biggest victories of the Russian fleet were precisely on the Black Sea, the most bloody battles in history with the use of the Navy were on the Black Sea, therefore on the Black Sea coast The USSR had three hero cities, and in Crimea itself there are two such hero cities; in the post-war period, Crimea was the first outpost in the south, the mobile submarine is not so strong, but do not forget the coastal defense, and naval aviation, which was part of the CCF, I hope you should not explain that 180 km from the Crimean cape Aya to Turkey. and the flying time of missiles was just minutes, and there were many missiles at one time, these banderlogs pulled everything apart, now it’s time to resume, and this holiday is a confirmation of this, but now what can I say? By the way, the Baltic people have a holiday in three days. on the 18th of May, do not get into trouble with the beam, you print the matter, and do not anger the sailors
  32. zinander
    zinander 13 May 2014 16: 50
    +2
    Happy Holidays to all who are related to the Black Sea Fleet !!! And "our western partners" are from a dead donkey's ears, not Sevastopol !!!!
  33. uzer 13
    uzer 13 13 May 2014 17: 55
    +4
    Please accept my congratulations!
  34. Serpentik
    Serpentik 13 May 2014 20: 07
    +2
    Happy Holidays!
  35. sub307
    sub307 13 May 2014 20: 15
    +3
    Congratulations to all the friends (and strangers) of the Black Sea with a holiday! Hooray!
  36. pvv113
    pvv113 13 May 2014 20: 37
    +8
    All the Black Sea with a holiday! Adhere to the glorious traditions of fathers and grandfathers!
  37. Navy7981
    Navy7981 13 May 2014 22: 54
    +3
    Guys! All a Happy Holiday! Sevastopol! Uch. neg. them. adm. Oktyabrsky, Albatros, OVR, Streletskaya bay, БЧ4-РТС. Lord, how long has it been !!!
  38. Mih
    Mih 13 May 2014 23: 30
    +2
    Happy Black Sea! Seven feet under the keel!