Military Review

85B6-A Vega Radio Intelligence Complex

19
The development of military equipment and weapons, including the creation of subtle strike aircraft and precision-guided munitions for them, places new demands on defense systems. Increasingly important are electronic intelligence systems (RTR), which can complement, and in some cases replace, radars. T.N. passive radiolocation allows you to determine the location of the target on the radio signals emitted by it. Modern systems of this purpose in accuracy of determining the coordinates of the target are close to the "traditional" radar and have great prospects.


85B6-A Vega Radio Intelligence Complex
Radio intelligence station 85В6 "Orion" of the "Vega" complex in a combat position


In the late nineties, the Belgorod Scientific-Production Enterprise "Spec-Radio" created a new RTR complex called 85V6-A "Vega". This complex is designed for the detection, recognition and tracking of various air, ground or surface targets. To detect a target, the complex receives and processes the radio signals emitted by its electronic equipment. Information on the number, coordinates and other parameters of targets can be transmitted to electronic warfare complexes, air defense units, and combat aviation etc. With such capabilities, the Vega RTR complex can be used as part of air defense systems, monitoring the desired area, and is also capable of supporting other means of air defense systems in the presence of interference by the enemy.

Complex 85В6-A "Vega" consists of several components that work together. These are the three radio intelligence stations 85B6-E Orion and the control room. Thus, the system "Vega" includes four trucks with the necessary equipment. For power supply, all elements of the complex are equipped with their own diesel power plants mounted on car trailers. This architecture of the technical means of the complex allows to place its individual elements at some distance from each other, with the help of which high characteristics of target detection are achieved.

Machines with Orion station can be located at a distance of 30 kilometers from each other. The maximum distance to the control point should not exceed 20 km, due to the peculiarities of the data transmission systems. The task of Orion stations is the reception and primary processing of radio signals. The obtained information is transmitted via a secure channel to the control center, where it is analyzed. Using the triangulation method, the automation system "Vega" is able to determine the location of an object with the included radio-electronic means. In addition, the equipment independently determines the trajectories of the detected targets. The data on the position and movement parameters of the detected targets are transmitted to the command post or to other users of it: anti-aircraft units, EW complexes, etc.

All equipment of the 85B6-E Orion electronic intelligence station is mounted on a wheeled chassis and car trailer. The latter is a diesel power plant based on two generators. In addition, the trailer carries a mast with a source of calibration signals designed to tune the main systems of the station. Electronic equipment is placed on a truck, in a special body-van. The base car is equipped with a leveling system - hydraulic outriggers. On the roof of the box body there is a lifting-mast device with an antenna for receiving radio signals. During operation, the receiving antenna is located at a height of 13,5 meter and rotates around a vertical axis at a speed of 180 ° per second. This allows you to receive signals from any direction in azimuth, the maximum elevation angle is 20 °. The RTR Orion system is equipped with electronic equipment capable of processing up to 60 targets in one antenna turn. Orion equipment operates in the 0,2-18 GHz frequency band. An instantaneous reception bandwidth is provided in 500 MHz with a resolution up to 1 MHz. The duration of the received pulse is determined with an accuracy of 0,1 μs. The error in determining the direction to the target does not exceed 2-3 degrees (depending on conditions).



The target detection range depends on their parameters: the power of the emitted radio signals, the operating mode of the emitters, etc. The maximum distance from which the Orion station can detect an enemy strategic bomber exceeds 400 kilometers. For tactical aviation, this parameter is within 150-200 km. Having received the signal, the station's equipment compares it with the records in the existing database and determines the probable type of target. Information about the position and other parameters of the target is transmitted to the control center or other consumers with a delay of no more than 6-10 seconds. If necessary, the PTR 85B6-E Orion station can be used independently, not as part of the Vega complex.

If necessary, the set of means of detecting the “Vega” system can be supplemented with additional elements on the basis of the “Okhota” radio-technical control points. This allows you to improve the capabilities of the complex "Vega" to detect targets in the near zone.

When operating as part of the Vega complex, Orion stations transmit the received information to the control center. Like the 85В6-Е station facilities, the electronics of the control point is located in the body of the van on the car chassis. There is a diesel power station. The control point is designed to collect information from three Orion stations and process data. Using the triangulation method, the control point of the Vega complex improves the accuracy of determining the location of targets. Thus, the root-mean-square error at the 150 km distance (when the Orion stations are separated by 30 km) does not exceed 5 kilometers.

The control center database contains information about one thousand different electronic systems that can be recognized by the system. It is argued that at the request of the customer the number of records in the database can be increased. By processing data from Orion stations, the control point of the Vega complex is capable of tracking up to 60 targets simultaneously. Information on targets can be transmitted to any consumer, from the command post of the compound to anti-aircraft complexes, etc.


On the materials of the sites:
http://spetzradio.ru/
http://ump.mv.ru/
http://otvaga2004.ru/
http://rusarmy.com/
Author:
19 comments
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  1. Dragon-y
    Dragon-y 16 May 2014 08: 33
    +2
    The station is good, but the components in the equipment are all "ours"?
    1. karal
      karal 16 May 2014 08: 47
      +3
      The station is good, but the components in the equipment are all "ours"?

      I would like to hope so.
      1. cosmos111
        cosmos111 16 May 2014 10: 06
        +1
        most importantly, not one is created ....
        three-coordinate complex of electronic intelligence 85V6-V
      2. cdrt
        cdrt 16 May 2014 14: 35
        +1
        Quote: karal
        The station is good, but the components in the equipment are all "ours"?

        I would like to hope so.


        Of course not ... a known problem
        1. Eugene
          Eugene 16 May 2014 14: 51
          +5
          If the components are ours, with sovetsky quality, then alas. The famous science of contacts! If the quality was improved, and manufacturing, and assembly, then a different alignment. I have about 200 devices in my farm. While there was a Soviet configuration, somewhere before 2005, an oscilloscope did not turn off for days, like the soldering iron. In a day, sometimes. 15 devices were "straightened". The microcircuits were changed with glasses. And now, at the bourgeois base. once a month you take a soldering iron. an element base is absolutely necessary. Technologies, in a word.
    2. The comment was deleted.
    3. 222222
      222222 16 May 2014 11: 01
      +2
      2011 -http://gunm.ru/news/sistema_radiotekhnicheskoj_razvedki_85v6_a_vega/2011-02-15-



      90
      TTX from the manufacturer - http: //spetzradio.ru/st_01.html
      - Orion station and its performance characteristics - http: //www.spetzradio.ru/st_02.html
      -MOBILE AUTOMATED STATION OF RADIOTECHNICAL INTELLIGENCE "ORION-M
      http://www.spetzradio.ru/st_07.html
      .. and a bunch of stations - see in the section "Products" subsection "Stations General description"
    4. cdrt
      cdrt 16 May 2014 14: 34
      +3
      Are there any REBists and former equipmen on the site?

      How does Vega look relative to chain mail?
  2. silberwolf88
    silberwolf88 16 May 2014 09: 42
    +2
    Such stations are one of the most important elements of an integrated electronic warfare system (the concept includes ... reconnaissance ... disguise ... counteraction, etc. ... once eight elements of electronic warfare were distinguished).
    The main thing is to determine the place of the system and its relationship with other elements in battle formations.
    1. 222222
      222222 16 May 2014 09: 51
      +2
      silberwolf88 SU Today, 09: 42
      .RRTR system and electronic warfare system - they even have different bosses in Moscow ..
  3. Prutkov
    Prutkov 16 May 2014 11: 18
    +8
    In the distant young years, I talked with a veteran of the Great Patriotic War. In the war, he was a radio operator. He said that not a single sane radio operator, if he was not a suicide, was on the air for more than 3 minutes, because from the Germans in 3 minutes "gifts" arrived. Perhaps now we already have some progress in this direction. But 5 years ago (during my service), radio intelligence lived its own life, and artillery and other services - their own. No interaction. And the question is of paramount importance. You can have as many cool RER complexes as you like. But if the data received from them is not needed by anyone (neither intelligence, artillery), then this is all a piece of iron.
    1. cdrt
      cdrt 16 May 2014 14: 37
      +1
      Quote: Rods
      if he is not a suicide, he was not on the air for more than 3 minutes, because from the Germans in 3 minutes "gifts" arrived


      Reminds a race ...
      EMNP in those years was bearing with an accuracy of, as it were, not a hundred meters.
      Especially in the frontline.
      And with such accuracy it’s necessary to shoot for weeks so that someone covers
      1. 222222
        222222 16 May 2014 15: 58
        +1
        .. case told by a veteran ..
        Colonel. On the chest there is the Order of the Red Banner. They asked: "For what?" .. During the war he was a lieutenant. Who of a platoon ... The troops of the front took the Germans into the cauldron. He comes running from his post .. He took the radio direction of communication. One station inside the ring, another on the outside. A German radio operator on the outside by handwriting is still familiar from near Stalingrad. Tank division .. They reported on command and everyone was sent to the front. He posted orders, if in this place the Germans break the defenses and the order is ... The front has successfully eliminated the breakthrough ... But I had to wait several days ..
        1. taynik
          taynik 29 October 2014 15: 01
          0
          There is no reason not to believe. I also heard a story that during the war, German and Soviet radio amateurs who were fighting on different sides of the front met on the air. Before the war, they often talked on the air, and in this situation they recognized each other by the "Morse code". But here it was not medals, but the execution could have been soldered, they were strictly followed, but this time nothing happened.
        2. taynik
          taynik 29 October 2014 15: 01
          0
          There is no reason not to believe. I also heard a story that during the war, German and Soviet radio amateurs who were fighting on different sides of the front met on the air. Before the war, they often talked on the air, and in this situation they recognized each other by the "Morse code". But here it was not medals, but the execution could have been soldered, they were strictly followed, but this time nothing happened.
  4. Eugene
    Eugene 16 May 2014 13: 30
    +5
    It’s hardly about three minutes. The triangle of error is not a joke. Maybe the bike went along the fronts. Like about the third one lighting from one match. Yet in the late 90s, they gave the third one. But here’s how the connection works, between the elements of the complex, on a distance of 30 km? Also a flare that can be calculated. And the closed channel, and the message packet, and the carrier will not go anywhere ...
  5. chelovektapok
    chelovektapok 16 May 2014 15: 40
    +3
    They make a mess, then they think .... Here SPB-7 was such a thing, prehistoric in the USSR. It was a little deaf with intelligence there. But with interference - full of chic! Jammer in the form of cones with metal filings. When turned on for radiation, no one saw or heard anything at all. Neither on the ground, nor in the air, the BO and OZP radars showed "white snow"!
    1. Eugene
      Eugene 16 May 2014 22: 35
      +1
      It’s easy to get in the air. Then it’s difficult to get away from missiles working on such devices. For radiation.
  6. Tahtomysh
    Tahtomysh 17 May 2014 16: 42
    +1
    Well I do not know. I served 1982-1984. Taught on SDR-2A. It was necessary to fix this ground-based radar. For air, separately - “Shepherdess”. I caught what I reported to the reception center. No one checked anything. Sent to the district and all. You could invent anything. Perhaps now everything is somehow different.
  7. ruslan207
    ruslan207 18 May 2014 20: 51
    0
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=E6nsJWvZDXI
  8. taynik
    taynik 29 October 2014 17: 43
    0
    http://www.radioliga.com/history/eu1aa_3.htm