Military Review

Air Force and Saudi Arabia

12



The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has enormous hydrocarbon reserves, consistently entering the number of exporters of countries that determine world oil prices. Explored oil reserves are 260 billion barrels (24% of proven oil reserves on Earth).

Oil exports are a source of wealth and prosperity of the state. It forms the 75% of the country's revenues. Steadily high revenues from oil exports made it possible to carry out a number of social reforms in the country and create a modern infrastructure.

Saudi Arabia is an absolute monarchy governed by the sons and grandsons of the first king Abdel Aziz. Laws in the kingdom are based on Islamic law, the power of King Abdullah Ibn Abdul Aziz al-Saud of the Saudi dynasty is limited only by Sharia law.

Members of the royal family occupy key leadership positions in the army and the security service. More than 220 000 people serve in the ranks of the armed forces of the kingdom, they are all contract soldiers. Citizens of other countries, mainly instructors and technical specialists, are also involved in the military service.

Saudi Arabia is in the top ten countries in terms of financing the armed forces, currently defense spending exceeds 10% of GDP - about $ 50 billion. For comparison - Russia's military spending in 2013 was $ 69 billion.

Huge financial resources make it possible to purchase in large quantities the most modern weapons of Western-made equipment. As part of the Air Force is about 300 combat aircraft (13 squadrons) and 80 helicopters (part of the combat vehicles are in storage).

Air Force and Saudi Arabia


The kingdom has a developed airfield network, including 15 military airfields, including five main air force bases (each of them is headed by a brigadier general who reports directly to the air force commander). The main air bases have a developed aerodrome infrastructure that meets the highest modern requirements, and capital high-security concrete shelters have been built for all existing combat aircraft.

The air force and air defense of Saudi Arabia are the most dynamically developing types of armed forces. The country's leadership regards them as the main shock and deterrent force and has set an ambitious task for them - to become the strongest in the Middle East.

The basis of the Saudi air force is made up of American-made F-15 Eagle heavy fighters of various modifications. F-15 aircraft have been supplied since the beginning of the 80-x. Then the Saudi Air Force got an 84 such fighter.


Saudi fighter F-15 "Eagle"


In the 1996-1998, the X-NUMX aircraft of the F-72S modification were additionally delivered. This machine is a slightly simplified version of the F-15E shock, compared with the original version of the Saudi fighter jets were equipped with radar and EW systems with the corresponding F-15C / D. 15 aircraft are optimized for strikes against ground targets, the rest of the 48 was supposed to be used as interceptors.



In December, 2011 ordered an additional batch of X-NUMX fighter aircraft of the F-84SA modification in the amount of $ 15 billion. In April, 11,4 signed a contract to upgrade the existing F-2012S Strike Eagle aircraft to F-15SA version for a total of $ 15 million. As a result The Saudi kingdom became the second largest operator of F-410,6 after the USA.



To date, Saudi fighters F-15SA are the most advanced fighters in the F-15 family. They are equipped with GE F110-GE-129 engines, additional weapon systems, electronic warfare and countering systems, “glass” cockpits, infrared detection and tracking systems, and radar stations with active phased antenna array.

Another type of modern combat aviation The equipment purchased in Europe was the Typhoon fighter manufactured by the consortium Alenia Aeronautica, BAE Systems and EADS. The Saudi Air Force has 32 vehicles of this type.


Saudi fighter "Typhoon"


Saudi Arabia has signed an additional contract worth 4,43 billion pounds to supply more 72 aircraft. Under the contract, the organization of the licensed assembly of Eurofighters in the kingdom is supposed "Typhoons" should replace the outdated American light F-5E / F fighter jets that are currently in storage or used for training purposes.


Saudi Air Force F-5F Tiger II Fighter


The Royal Air Force also operates Panavia Tornado combat aircraft in interceptor versions - Tornado ADV (F3) - 15 pcs and fighter-bomber - Tornado IDS (GR1) - 82 pcs. Deliveries were made from 1989 to 1998 year.


Google Earth Satellite Image: Tornado Airplanes at Tabuk Airfield


Part of the machines due to the development of the resource removed from service and is in storage. Within the framework of the existing modernization program, it is planned to equip the percussion Tornado with more modern electronic means and weapons.


Saudi Interceptor Tornado F3


It is assumed that the next 10-15 years these aircraft will remain in service. The remaining in flight condition Tornado F3 interceptors were returned to the UK as a partial payment for the Typhoon fighters delivered.



The fleet of training aircraft (TCB) includes about 100 machines, summarized in seven squadrons (Hawk Mk 65, PC-9, Cessna 172, Super Mushshak). The available 40 jet mounts Xk MN 65 / Mk 65A can be used as light attack aircraft.


Saudi TCB “Hawk”


Pilots of the Saudi Hawks aerobatic team fly on the Hawks; they are based at King Faisal Air Force Base (Tabuk).



The presence of Saudi Arabian E-3A AWACS aircraft in the Saudi Arabian Air Force takes them to a higher quality level. The first Saudi E-3 was delivered in June 1986 of the year, deliveries of the remaining four E-3 were completed by September 1987 of the year.


Saudi E-3A AWACS


Not a single country in this region has DRLO planes of this class in its Air Force. As part of the Israeli Air Force before 2002, there were “flying radars” of the E-2 “Hokai” which, by their capabilities, were significantly inferior to the AWACS aircraft. Another potential opponent of the Saudis - Shiite Iran formally owns two DRLO airplanes based on Il-76, but their performance is in doubt.



Satellite image of Google Earth: DRLO E-3А АWACS aircraft at Prince Sultan air base


In 2012, Boeing received a contract worth $ 66,814 million to modernize communications equipment and install new radar systems on D-EITS and E-3 Royal Air Force Saudi Arabia aircraft.

The core of the military transport aviation is more than 40 US military-technical cooperation C-130 Hercules of various modifications, including KN-7H 130 tankers.


C-130 Air Force Saudi Arabia (Royal Air Wing)


In 2012, Saudi Arabia additionally bought in the USA 20 military transport aircraft HC-130J Super Hercules and 5 of KC-130J refueling aircraft worth $ 6,7 billion. There are also another two dozen transport workers: CN-235, Boeing 737, Boeing 747 , Boeing 757, MD-11, Jetstream 31. Refueling airborne combat aircraft provide 6 Boeing KE-3A. The air force includes the Royal Air Wing - 16 aircraft (Cessna 310 and Boeing 747 SP, CN-235M, Boeing 737-200, BAe 125-800, VC-130H).

Helicopter aviation has 78 units (AN-64A, Bell 406 CS, AB-212, AB-206, SH-3). In the US, 70 attack helicopters with the latest AH-64D Apache Longbow Block III, 72 UH-60M Black Hawk transport helicopters, 36 light reconnaissance AH-6i Little Bird and 12 MD-530F helicopters have been ordered.

Air defense troops are an independent type of the armed forces of the kingdom. They consist of anti-aircraft missile forces, anti-aircraft artillery and RTV units. In operational subordination of air defense are fighter-interceptors from the Air Force. Organizationally, the air defense forces are consolidated into six air defense districts. These troops are entrusted with the task of covering important administrative, economic, and military facilities: the capital, oil production areas, groups of troops, air force and missile bases. The air defense of Saudi Arabia is the basis of the Shield of Peace air defense system. Basically its creation was completed in 1995 year.



Satellite image of Google Earth: the location of the radar (blue diamonds) and the air defense system (colored triangles) in Saudi Arabia.


“Peace Shield” includes the X / NUMX early warning radar AN / FPS-17, three D-radar systems coupled to the AN / PPS-117 radar and AN / TPS-43 near and medium radius.


Satellite image of Google Earth: airfields based on air defense interceptors (red) and DRLO airplanes (blue)


The airborne bases have operational centers that are integrated with DRLO airplanes, fighter aircraft, SAM missiles and anti-aircraft artillery. The air defense systems of Saudi Arabia are combined using the Peace Shield command, control, intelligence and communications system.

In total, the 144 air defense missile system Patriot 128, the Advanced Hawk air defense missile system MIM-23B, the Advanced Hawk 141, the Sahin air defense missile system Xtalin, and the 40 anti-aircraft guns and the 270 128 SPU air defense systems and 35 anti-aircraft guns and settings, and the XnUMX 50 SPU Krotal, as well as the 30 anti-aircraft guns and settings, and the XnUMX 30 SPU Krotal, as well as the 92 anti-aircraft guns and settings, and the XnUMX 20 SPU Krotal, as well as the 163 anti-aircraft guns and settings, and the 10N systems, and the 70 SPU XtalM and 40 anti-aircraft guns and the 70 SPU XtalM and XNUMX anti-aircraft guns, and the XNUMX SPU XtalM and XNUMX anti-aircraft guns and settings, etc. "Oerlikon", XNUMX XNUMX-mm ZSU AMX-XNUMXSA, XNUMX XNUMX-mm ZSU MXNUMX "Volcano". In addition, XNUMX XNUMX-mm L-XNUMX anti-aircraft guns are in stock.


Samar short-range "Shahin"


The American Patriot MIM-104 PAC-2 air defense systems are the most modern anti-aircraft complexes of Saudi Arabia. This type of air defense system was deployed in the country during the Desert Storm to protect the American contingent. From 1993, the 21 battery was supplied to the kingdom’s own forces. At the moment, negotiations are underway with the United States on the supply of the Patriot air defense missile system of the PAC-3 modification.


PU ZRK "Patriot"


Currently deployed and are on duty on an ongoing basis 11 batteries. In different parts of the country, positions have been prepared for the deployment of air defense missile systems, some of them have high-strength concrete shelters for technical equipment and a bunker for personnel.


Satellite image of Google Earth: equipped positions of the Patriot air defense system with concrete high-strength shelters in Dhahran


Most of the Patriot batteries are located along the northeast coast, protecting production areas and ports through which oil is exported.


Satellite image Google Earth: deployed SAM "Patriot" in Riyadh


Since the end of 60-s, Saudi Arabia has received the Hawk MIM-23 SAM system, and later an upgraded version of the Advanced Hawk was delivered. Currently 18 batteries deployed. They are mainly deployed in the same areas as the Patriot air defense system.

Modern air forces and air defense systems guarantee, with a high degree of reliability, the protection of key religious, industrial, oil-producing and defense centers. The strike capabilities of the Saudi air forces in the Middle East region are currently inferior only to Israeli aircraft. Given the upcoming upcoming deliveries of modern aircraft from the US and Europe, this gap, if not equal, will be reduced to a minimum. Israelis will only hope for a higher quality training of their pilots.

Saudi Arabia does not hide its ambitions for the role of a regional superpower and leader of the Islamic world. Riyadh has a consistent policy of eliminating potential competitors, such as Syria, Iraq and Iran. Given the growing regional instability, the Saudi ruling dynasty does not spare funds for the construction of a powerful army in the region. Over the past 20 years, the number of Saudi armed forces has more than doubled, while they are equipped with the most modern weapons. Recently, the kingdom is actively conducted research in the field of nuclear energy. In February, 2014 of the year appeared news that Saudi Arabia intends to become a nuclear power. This is quite alarming information, considering that the official religion in Saudi Arabia is Wahhabi Islam.


Based on:
http://www.globalfirepower.com/country-military-strength-detail.asp?country_id=Saudi-Arabia
http://www.scramble.nl/sa.htm
http://geimint.blogspot.ru/2007/07/fire-from-space.html
Satellite images courtesy of Google Earth.
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12 comments
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  1. ramin_serg
    ramin_serg 13 May 2014 09: 20
    +7
    With a sufficiently large supply of money, you can create a highly technological army. What they do in Saudi Arabia.
    1. Bongo
      13 May 2014 09: 38
      +4
      The question is, why do the Saudis great high tech army?
      1. Professor
        Professor 13 May 2014 09: 41
        +6
        Quote: Bongo
        The question is, why do the Saudis great high tech army?

        Islamic Republic of Iran

        Not a single country in this region has such a class of AWACS aircraft in its Air Force. Until 2002, the Israeli Air Force had “flying radars” E-2C Hokai, which in their capabilities were significantly inferior to AWACS aircraft.

        In the yard 2014 year. Nothing has changed in 12 years?

        The Israelis can only rely on the higher quality training of their pilots.

        laughing
        1. andj61
          andj61 13 May 2014 11: 43
          +8
          Technique is, of course, great, but what about the combat experience, the moral and psychological qualities of personnel, and individual combat skills, finally?
          Already quite a few years ago, terrorists hijacked a plane to Saudi Arabia, it was liberated by Saudi special forces, the elite, as they said, are superbly trained professionals trained by the best US specialists!
          It turned out that they are specialists in unprofessionalism, masters to arrange a massacre! When analyzing their actions, they concluded that the level of training is worse than our most ordinary freelance riot police!
          Would learn better from Russia or Israel.
          Arabs in general during military conflicts did not prove to be outstanding fighters.
          With such an aircraft, the Saudis could not have organized a "Desert Storm", but independently knock out Iraq's outdated equipment. But they chose not to get involved in the war at all, but left it to the United States.
          1. Zymran
            Zymran 13 May 2014 19: 32
            +5
            Quote: andj61
            With such an aircraft, the Saudis could not have organized a "Desert Storm", but independently knock out Iraq's outdated equipment. But they chose not to get involved in the war at all, but left it to the United States.


            Well, kag be Iraq didn’t attack the Saudis, but Kuwait and in general it’s easier to beat with an edge and dad.
            1. andj61
              andj61 13 May 2014 21: 35
              +3
              Quote: Zymran
              Well, kag be Iraq didn’t attack the Saudis, but Kuwait and in general it’s easier to beat with an edge and dad.

              As soon as Iraq invaded Kuwait, the side of the TKT ran to the Americans, not even providing opposition to Iraqi aviation. By the way, Kuwait did not show any resistance either. In the Persian Gulf, there was an American AUG, in addition, there were forces on the Air Force base, in my opinion, in Qatar. That's where the Americans defended the Saudis.
              In general, Arabs, officers, especially pilots, are a special part of the people. Off-topic, of course, but my good friend, 15 years older, was an instructor in the 70s in Syria and Egypt (or vice versa). He said that their pilots learned to learn how to fly in half, but they did not show any desire to die for their country. Pilots, as a rule, were from the upper layers of society, and they directly said that even if Israel completely conquered their countries, their living standards would not change at all. It was about that, of course, it would be bad if the authorities had Jews, but this is not at all scary, so, a minor nuisance
              And such officers were the vast majority.
              Why such a weapon at all?
              I do not think that the Saudis have a different mood.
    2. Max_Bauder
      Max_Bauder 13 May 2014 12: 00
      +2
      I think so that if the United States does not help the Saudis, Iran and Syria (after the end of the war) and Egypt, with the main economist, will shake the air, even Russia will not have to bite its hands.

      They just have a good ally. When a rocket flies, money will not protect, you can’t buy it, as they said about the terminator.
  2. erofich
    erofich 13 May 2014 13: 55
    +3
    So all the current problems with Syria, Libya, etc. because of their money, they pay. They want more power.
  3. 52
    52 13 May 2014 14: 49
    +2
    Money in this world is not everything. And the level of training of the Saudis, by and large, is unknown, and the massacre during the counter-operation during the release of hostages from the plane was not an indicator - there were many "infidels", and therefore one can spare no patrons. The payment for the "services" of the coalition during the operation "We are friends against Iraq" is an unwillingness to waste the lives of our far-off fellow citizens, and therefore the fighting spirit of this army is unknown. And what about the fighting spirit and what kind of warriors are the Arabs - and the Iran-Iraq war, cruel, long and merciless. And then they whipped not childishly! But, s..ts..u..ko, how much BABLA the Saud has! Already take envy! That would be half that of our Army in addition to the new one, but without a drink and furniture makers!
  4. Bongo
    13 May 2014 15: 27
    +4
    Quote: Professor
    Islamic Republic of Iran

    Well yes, Israel is a great friend to the Saudis laughing
    Professor, do you really seriously think that if they had the opportunity to destroy your country with impunity, they would not have done that?
    How many Israeli Air Force Eitam Aircraft developed on the basis of the Gulf Stream G550 are and how much are their characteristics comparable with the E-3 AWACS system?
    1. Professor
      Professor 13 May 2014 15: 46
      +8
      Quote: Bongo
      Well yes, Israel is a great friend to the Saudis

      The Saudis are not friends of Israel. In general, there are no friends in international politics, but interests. At this stage, the interests of Israel and Saudi Arabia coincide - to prevent the emergence of nuclear Iran.

      Quote: Bongo
      Professor, do you really seriously think that if they had the opportunity to destroy your country with impunity, they would not have done that?

      Let them try.

      Quote: Bongo
      How many Israeli Air Force Eitam Aircraft developed on the basis of the Gulf Stream G550 are and how much are their characteristics comparable with the E-3 AWACS system?

      Enough and their characteristics are also sufficient. wink The author, by the way, is wrong that the most sophisticated F-15 among the Saudis. The condition for the sale and modernization of American equipment by him is that he will be more advanced than Israeli models.
    2. And Us Rat
      And Us Rat 14 May 2014 02: 17
      +3
      Quote: Bongo
      How many Israeli Air Force Eitam Aircraft based on the Gulf Stream G550 ...

      More than 7 aircraft of various modifications, not including unmanned ones.

      Quote: Bongo
      ... and to what extent their characteristics are comparable with the E-3 AWACS system

      Almost the same, the E-3 wins a little in terms of detection range and the number of targets tracked, it’s a pure scout, and Atam wins a little in accuracy of identification and guidance, and it has the ability to remotely and directly control weapon systems (missile defense, air defense, drones, etc.).
      (In addition, Eitam has a full-fledged EW \ RE arsenal)

      And, and in terms of range / duration of flight, speed and maneuverability, the G550 wins well, and as a target it is less noticeable.
      1. Bongo
        14 May 2014 02: 22
        +3
        Quote: And Us Rat
        In total, more than 7 aircraft of various modifications, not including unmanned ones.

        Drone unmanned aircraft, how is it? recourse
        How many airplanes of the AWACS in the Air Force currently have?
        1. And Us Rat
          And Us Rat 14 May 2014 02: 35
          +3
          Quote: Bongo
          Drone unmanned aircraft, how is it?

          UAV IAI Eitan in one of the configurations can be used as a small AWACS aircraft, or as an auxiliary in the construction of a tactical network.

          Quote: Bongo
          How many airplanes of the AWACS in the Air Force currently have?

          In the ranks of the 3 G500 “Nakhshon-Shavit” and 4 G550 “Nakhshon-Eitam”, according to official figures, but our warriors like to be depressed, especially in the days of the adoption of the budget laughing.
          (and 3 more naval 1124N "Shahaf", they are not exactly AWACS, but have similar functions, more tailored for naval targets.)
          This is from the main systems, how many any secondary trifles I do not know for sure.


          Py.Sy - DRLO balloons are used over the territory of the country, with a huge detection radius, this is more than for defense.
          1. Bongo
            14 May 2014 02: 38
            +4
            Thanks for the information! But it is possible that part of the 7-built AWACS aircraft based on the Gulf Stream G550 is an express delivery.
            1. And Us Rat
              And Us Rat 14 May 2014 02: 57
              +2
              Quote: Bongo
              Thanks for the information! But it is possible that part of the 7-built AWACS aircraft based on the Gulf Stream G550 is an express delivery.

              No, others sent for export (Singapore bought 4 pieces, Italy ordered 2, For Hindus 3 EL / W-2090 based on IL-76), export versions have different names, Hebrew names are given only to the equipment that goes to AOI.
              For example, AWACS based on the Gulfstream G550 in the export version is called - "G550 CAEW"


              Indian AWACS on the background of Lod quarters.

  5. Bongo
    13 May 2014 15: 56
    +3
    Quote: Professor
    Let them try.

    The fact that Israel has nuclear weapons to a large extent prevents them from this, although this fact is denied by your government.
    Quote: Professor
    Enough and their characteristics are also sufficient.

    I would like more details, so that you can compare ...
    Quote: Professor
    By the way, the author is wrong that the most sophisticated F-15 among the Saudis

    The author is me hi Information on the F-15 was taken "not from the ceiling", the sources are indicated. It is possible that in the future, Israeli cars will also catch up to this level.
    Quote: Professor
    The condition for the sale and modernization of American equipment by him is that he will be more advanced than Israeli models.

    This phrase seemed funny to me. It turns out that the Israelis at 100% control the US government and aircraft industry
    1. Professor
      Professor 13 May 2014 16: 07
      +2
      1. Feel free to click the "Reply" button under the comment
      Quote: Bongo
      The fact that Israel has nuclear weapons to a large extent prevents them from this, although this fact is denied by your government.

      You will not find a single official denial of the presence of nuclear weapons in Israel. It is not it that holds them back, but the fear of losing everything.

      Quote: Bongo
      I would like more details, so that you can compare ...

      There will be time - I will look and lay out.

      Quote: Bongo
      The author is me

      repeat
      Upps

      Quote: Bongo
      Information on the F-15 was taken "not from the ceiling", the sources are indicated. It is possible that in the future, Israeli cars will also catch up to this level.

      Not all sources are "equally useful". Congress approved the deal with the Saudis after it made sure Israel's air dominance would not suffer. The first F-15s were obtained by the Saudis thanks to the carelessness of the Israeli Navy senior.

      Quote: Bongo
      This phrase seemed funny to me. It turns out that the Israelis at 100% control the US government and aircraft industry

      The Jewish lobby of Congress controls such deals. It's not a secret.

      PS
      Was there nothing between Hokai and the Gulfstream? wink
    2. And Us Rat
      And Us Rat 14 May 2014 03: 20
      0
      Quote: Bongo
      It is possible that in the future, Israeli cars will also catch up to this level.

      Quite the contrary, the Saudis have always been in the role of lagging and catching up.
      The reason is simple - on Israeli planes - Israeli avionics, radars and missiles, because they are significantly superior to the USAW export (and from time to time the original).
      And if F-15S is a simplified version of F-15E, then F-15I is more modernized and brought to mind.
      1. Bongo
        14 May 2014 06: 11
        0
        Quote: And Us Rat
        And if F-15S is a simplified version of F-15E, then F-15I is more modernized and brought to mind.

        You apparently did not carefully read the article, the latest Saudi modification - F-15SA.
        1. And Us Rat
          And Us Rat 15 May 2014 04: 00
          0
          Quote: Bongo
          Quote: And Us Rat
          And if F-15S is a simplified version of F-15E, then F-15I is more modernized and brought to mind.

          You apparently did not carefully read the article, the latest Saudi modification - F-15SA.

          Nevertheless, the F-15SA is still not even a full-fledged F-15E, not to mention the fact that a number of technologies and systems used on the F-15I are not available on the F-15E in principle - all-angle missiles, helmet-mounted ILS, network-centric control systems the battlefield, the subbase of the EW / REP / RES, weapon GOS extra-high accuracy and noise immunity and much more - all this the Saudis simply do not have.
          They themselves do not release this, and no one will ever provide the latest generation of such technologies for export.
          Some systems are not even from YUSA, they buy ours, the same "glass cockpit" for the F-35 came from the Israeli military-industrial complex.

          request

          Techies gutting and upgrading birds regularly

  6. Bongo
    13 May 2014 16: 10
    0
    Quote: Professor
    Was there nothing between Hokai and the Gulfstream?

    And what, was there something? Frankly, I don’t remember recourse
    1. Professor
      Professor 13 May 2014 16: 15
      0
      1. Feel free to click the "Reply" button under the comment !!!
      2. EMNIP 707 flew.

      1. Bongo
        13 May 2014 16: 17
        +1
        But is this not an experimental machine, was it in service?
        1. Professor
          Professor 13 May 2014 16: 25
          +1
          Directly give out military secrets? wink
          Of course he stood, and not only him. No photo at hand.
          1. Bongo
            13 May 2014 16: 29
            +3
            C'mon, what's the secret? winked Cases of bygone days ... as far as I remember now they are not in service, and there was a maximum of a couple of pieces. 707 probably all already written off by old age?
            1. Professor
              Professor 13 May 2014 16: 33
              0
              in my opinion he

              707 like B-52 "eternal"
              1. Bongo
                13 May 2014 16: 39
                +3
                Quote: Professor
                707 like B-52 "eternal"

                Partly, yes, but 707s that were originally issued as passenger ones (not tankers, scouts, and AWACS) are practically gone today.
                Article about 707: http://topwar.ru/27782-boing-707.html
                1. Professor
                  Professor 13 May 2014 20: 32
                  +4
                  In principle, Avax no longer needs such a huge platform - the electronics have become smaller, lighter and less gluttonous. There is no alternative to tankers and the workhorse is still flying.
  7. Roman 1977
    Roman 1977 13 May 2014 17: 12
    +4
    The Saudi Arabian Air Force has a numerical and qualitative superiority over the main rival in the region, the Iranian Air Force. The American press notes a fairly decent training of Saudi pilots. So, on June 5, 1984, a battle took place over the Persian Gulf between a pair of Saudi F-15s and two F-4s of the Iranian Air Force. The battle took place at short range using vigorous maneuvers and ended with the destruction of one Phantom with a rocket. According to the Saudi Arabian pilots, the second F-4 was also hit by UR and probably destroyed. On January 19, 1991, Saudi Air Force captain Ayhid Salah el-Shamrani in an F-15 managed to shoot down two Iraqi Mirage F.1FQs.

    It has Saudi Arabia and its missile forces — the Royal Saudi Strategic Missile Forces. They are armed with 40 launchers of Chinese medium-range ballistic missiles (2300 km) DF-3 (Dongfeng-3) and DF-3A (2800 km), for which 12 starting position. The missiles were created in China as a carrier of nuclear weapons, but a version with the usual high-explosive warhead was created by Saudi order. The exact number of launchers and missiles acquired is not known, for different sources the number of missiles ranges from 30 to 120. At least three missile bases are known. The question is being considered of acquiring promising Pakistani Gauri ballistic missiles with a range of 2 300 km or Chinese ballistic missiles DF-21.

    medium-range ballistic missiles DF-3 (Dongfeng-3) at the parade in Saudi Arabia
    Ground forces (80 thousand people)
    1095 tanks:
    315 M1A2 Abrams, 69 upgraded to the M1A2S standard;

    460 M-60A1 / A3;
    320 AMX-30, in the ranks of 100-200, the rest are in storage.
    Delivery of 700 German Leopard-2A6 is expected
    Armored vehicles:
    400 American BMP M2A2 Bradley;
  8. Leshka
    Leshka 13 May 2014 19: 28
    0
    if the state has a lot of money, then they can afford a lot