Military Review

American armored repair and recovery vehicle M88

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In the late 1950s, American engineers developed the M88 Armored Repair and Evacuation Vehicle (ARV). The main purpose of this machine is to evacuate damaged armored vehicles from the battlefield, including under enemy fire. In addition, the M88 can also be used as a vehicle for mechanics, the delivery of welding equipment, tools and spare parts. In addition, the BREM can be used to provide those in the field. crew assistance tanks in the maintenance and repair of tanks, self-propelled guns, infantry fighting vehicles, and other combat vehicles.




History of this repair evacuation car began with the conclusion of a contract between the US Army and Bowen-McLaughlin-York Inc. (BMY) for the construction of three prototypes. New cars assigned the designation T88. According to the technical requirements in the machines it was necessary to use the maximum possible number of components of the tank M60. This was followed by an order for the production of 10 vehicles for military testing. Serial production began in 1959, when BMY signed a contract with the US Army on 1075 vehicles, with the delivery of the first M88 in February 1961. The design of the new car turned out to be well designed and extremely practical, so the Armored Evacuation Car (ARV) was added to the military lists of many countries from the 1960 of the year as a type of armored vehicles.

When creating this machine, components and assemblies of M48 and M60 tanks were widely used. M88 is adopted in 1961 year. In total, 1964 produced more than 1000 evacuation vehicles M88. This machine is in service with not only the US Army, but was adopted by Germany, Greece, Portugal, Israel, South Korea, Austria and Egypt.

The M88 hull is welded from rolled steel armor plates. This provides protection for the crew and equipment from shell fragments and bullets. For crew access, armored doors are made on the sides. To review the jobs of the driver and the commander of the machine are equipped with viewing devices. The driver and mechanic are located in the front of the hull, hatches are made above the workplaces and periscopes are mounted. In the middle of the hull there is a hydraulic equipment department, an engine compartment in the aft.

The M88 evacuation machine is equipped with the following equipment: a crane with a tonnage 23 of tonnes, which has an A-shaped boom that is fixed in the front upper part of the hull (in the stowed position folded back); main winch (tractive force 40 tons); auxiliary winch; hydraulic dozer blade; welding equipment; various mounting tools.



As a defensive armament of an armored repair and recovery vehicle M88 is a machine gun caliber 7,62 mm, mounted above the hatch on top of the machine. Ammunition - 1300 ammo. In addition, there is equipment for setting smoke screens.

In 1973, M88 was upgraded. On the new evacuation car installed a diesel engine and a new transmission. A 11-strong auxiliary engine was also installed. The upgraded M88 received the designation M88A1. By 1985, the 1427 armored repair and recovery vehicles M88A1 were released, and the 876 M88 machines were upgraded.

Once the M1 Abrams tank was put into service, it turned out that it was impossible to tow it with one M88, but two were required. However, this issue was not addressed during the 10 years, and only in 1991, it was decided to create a machine capable of towing heavy tanks. The following 6 years developed an improved version of the machine which received the designation M88A2 Hercules HERCULES (Heavy Equipment Recovery Combat Utility Lift and Evacuation System - a system for the evacuation and repair of heavy military equipment of general purpose). “Hercules” was put into service in the 1997 year, and in the next year, it was nevertheless allowed to tow the Abrams alone.

On the M88A2 modification, we strengthened the booking of the front of the hull, installed a more powerful AVDS-1790-8DR engine and XT-14105A transmission, improved the braking system and suspension, replaced the winch with a greater traction force, lengthened the A-arm crane.

With a total mass of 63,5 t (140 thous. Pounds) with engine power in 1050 hp HERCULES is capable of towing another car at speeds up to 42 km / h (26 mph), having a mass of 63,5 tons. BAE Systems claims that the cruising range on the highway is 480 km (300 miles). M88A2 is also capable of overcoming a slope of 60%, a wall height of 1 meter (42 inch), a trench width of 2,6 meter (103 inch).



In 2013, the US Army planned to purchase a M31A88 2 machine worth 108 million dollars, and 2014 14 units of these machines before March.

Despite the fact that this BREM has been in service for more than fifty years, it is morally outdated and unable to accompany the tanks, because it is inferior in terms of road performance, M88 still remains in service with the American army - the program to create BREM based on Abrams has not been implemented.

Performance characteristics:
M88:
Length - 8,26 m.
Height - 2,9 m.
Width - 3,4 m.
Weight in the fighting position - 50,8 tons.
Crew - 4 person
Powerplant: 750-strong (55 kW) liquid-cooled gasoline engine.
Maximum speed on the highway - 42 km / h.
Cruising on the highway - 360 km.
Crane lifting capacity - 23 tons.
Traction winch - 40 tons.
Armament - anti-aircraft machine gun caliber 12,7 mm.

M88A1:
Crew - 3 person.
Powerplant: 750-strong (55 kW) diesel engine.
The maximum speed is 42 km / h.
Power reserve - about 480 km.

M88A2:
Length - 8,58 m.
Width - 3,65 m.
Height - 3,14 m.
Ground clearance - 0,40 m.
Weight in the fighting position - 63,5 tons.
Powerplant: 1050-strong diesel engine.
The maximum speed is 42 km / h.
Power reserve - about 480 km.

















Based on materials:
armoredgun.org
weaponvideo-ru.livejournal.com
www.fas.org
www.globalsecurity.org
www.inetres.com
Author:
9 comments
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  1. leonardo_1971
    leonardo_1971 12 May 2014 09: 43 New
    0
    you need more of these machines! when your equipment will be destroyed! to reforged! but you can only yap jackals!
  2. La-5
    La-5 12 May 2014 11: 22 New
    +1
    Amers with engineering vehicles have trouble, the M1 tank has been in service since 1980, and the BREM has not yet been created on its base, the old women created on the basis of the Patton are simply not able to fully service the Abrams.
  3. Free wind
    Free wind 12 May 2014 18: 49 New
    0
    Not a bad car !! load capacity is good. Just can’t understand why the crew of 3-4 people? One or two is enough. Well, the bulldozer on this machine ... this is complete bullshit
    1. Cpa
      Cpa 12 May 2014 19: 08 New
      0
      Quote: Free Wind
      Just can not understand why the crew 3-4 person?

      Driver, crane operator, slinger laughing
      1. kit-kat
        kit-kat 13 May 2014 14: 53 New
        0
        Well, actually, the commander is a manager.
  4. Free wind
    Free wind 12 May 2014 18: 58 New
    0
    Perhaps the Israelis are right when the bulldozers just super-armored. And I was once pulled out of a swamp by a catopiler.
  5. wanderer_032
    wanderer_032 12 May 2014 20: 52 New
    +1
    Our BREMki are better than Amer in all respects.





  6. ramin_serg
    ramin_serg 13 May 2014 09: 23 New
    0
    All the same, yes, the old Soviet BREMs that were in our Training Tank Regiment were better
  7. cyberdamn
    cyberdamn 13 May 2014 11: 32 New
    0
    I immediately remember Mad Max
  8. 75mihail
    75mihail 14 May 2014 18: 28 New
    0
    In Ukraine, there is also a good ARV "Athlete", created on the basis of the T-80UD.
    The machine is designed to solve a wide range of tasks for the technical support of tank units when they conduct all types of military operations in various weather and climatic conditions. With its help, the following tasks are solved:

    technical intelligence on the battlefield day and night
    towing faulty and damaged samples of armored vehicles to nearby shelters and to assembly points of damaged vehicles (SPPM)
    starting engines of serviced machines by electric and pneumatic methods
    assisting crews with ongoing repairs
    carrying out lifting work
    pulling out stuck and sunken armored vehicles with all types of jam
    forcing water barriers on the bottom
    welding and cutting work
    excavation works for the equipment of SPPM, entrances and exits, self-digging, etc.

    BREM Athlete is used as part of repair and evacuation teams for technical closure of tracked columns on marches, assembly points for damaged vehicles, parts and formations, rescue and evacuation teams for forcing water barriers, technical observation posts, etc. They are equipped with mobile technical support equipment for tank battalions, mechanized brigades, divisions and other units and formations equipped with heavy tracked vehicles.

    More details on the website of the Kharkov Design Bureau of Mechanical Engineering
    named after A.A. Morozov - http://www.morozov.com.ua/eng/body/brem.php?page=def2

    But, as always, the troops are still absent.
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  12. waggish
    waggish 19 July 2014 17: 15 New
    0
    Funny !!!!!!!!!!