Military Review

China intends to build four space stations

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China plans to put its first station into orbit in the second half of this year. And China considers this device only as a rehearsal before the launch of two more similar single-module stations and, finally, the construction of a long-term multi-modular outpost.

The firstborn of the Chinese space stations, the “Sky Palace No. 1” (Tiangong 1), was to go into orbit in the 2010 year, but the launch was postponed. New term - autumn 2011 of the year.

According to Space.com, the Tiangong-1 module weighs 8,5 tons. The length of the station is 10,5 meters, and its maximum diameter is 3,4 m.

China intends to build four space stations

Engineers are already preparing Tiangong 1 for launch. The red banner reads: “To carry the spirit of a manned space flight, to ensure the complete success of the docking mission” (photo globaltimes.cn, China Manned Space Engineering Office).

In October, the 2011 of the year to the "Tiangong" should go unmanned spacecraft Shenzhou 8. It will dock with the station under control from the Earth.

In 2012, the Chinese plan to send the Shenzhou 9 and Shenzhou 10 manned missions to their first space station. On each of the ships will be three taykonavta. They have some time to work on board the "palace".


Module Tiangong 1 is designed for two years of work (illustration centurychina.com, techno-science.net).

The next step of the program will be the launch of the Tiangong 2 and Tiangong 3 space stations in 2013 and 2015 respectively.

The Chinese do not disclose details, but at the press conference in Beijing at the end of April, Chinese officials said that they plan to send several temporary crews to these two flying laboratories. In this case, Tiangong 2 will be able to take three taikonauts within 20 days, and Tiangong 3 - 40 days.

These stations will help China to work out the technology of air and water regeneration on board, as well as replenishing air and fuel with the help of arriving ships.

And all three "heavenly palaces" will serve as grounds for the various nodes and technologies that China is going to use during the deployment of its long-term station. She, we note, will be only the third multi-module orbital station in stories (after “Peace” and ISS).

The name of this orbital home has not yet been chosen (the officials asked everyone to suggest options). But it is known that the station will consist of a base and two laboratory modules.

The main unit will be 18,1 meters long, and its maximum diameter will be 4,2 meters. The laboratory modules are a bit more modest: 14,4 meters long with the same diameter. Each of the three modules should weigh about 20 tons, and the entire station, respectively, approximately 60 tons.


Several docking stations will allow the fourth space station of China to get an extension in the form of laboratory modules and at the same time still receive cargo and manned spacecraft simultaneously. Bottom right: one of the layouts of the future multi-module station was shown by the Chinese at the latest Airshow China aerospace show (illustrations nasaspaceflight.com, China Manned Space Engineering Office, Xinhua, Ranwen / Imaginechina).

According to Yang Liwei, "Chinese Gagarin" and the deputy head of the department of the manned space program (China Manned Space Engineering Office), China plans to build a station in space around 2020 year.

Both manned and cargo ships will regularly fly to it. The latter is already being developed on the basis of Shenzhou. It will weigh about 13 tons with the largest diameter 3,35 meter.

It is assumed that a permanent crew of three will work at such a large station. To work this space laboratory must 10 years. China intends to conduct experiments on it in the field of radiobiology, astronomy, and so on.

Apparently, the orbital station will serve as a real support for the development of manned cosmonautics in China. It is no coincidence that in the Celestial Empire with might and main expand the Taekonauts detachment. Currently, a Chinese astronaut, including two women, has been prepared for flights.


According to Discover magazine, the docking systems of Chinese stations will be compatible with those of the ISS. This means that, in theory, ships created for flights to the International Space Station will also be able to moor at the Chinese (illustrations from the China Manned Space Engineering Office, nasaspaceflight.com).

Obviously, China is on the path traversed once by the USSR (Russia) and the USA. But the gradual discovery of space for the Chinese is not at all an empty copy of past achievements. Ultimately, with such a slow pace, they can go the farthest. The Chinese, by the way, report that they are developing heavier launch vehicles than they have at their disposal now. In addition, another space center will be built in Hainan Province.

At the same time, China intends with might and main to expand international cooperation in space. Jiang Guohua, a professor from the Beijing Taikonau Research and Training Center, said: “We will follow the policy of openness to the outside world. We believe that some scientific experiments at the station will be selected from other countries, which should facilitate international exchange. "
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  1. Honory
    Honory 20 October 2012 22: 05
    0
    Impressive success.