Military Review

A unique chance for the country

30
A high level of public confidence in the Russian president creates favorable conditions for solving the tasks of the country's socio-economic development


The Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Russian Federation held an extended meeting of the Bureau of the Russian Engineering Union and the Association for Assistance to Defense Enterprises Association with the participation of the chairman of the union, the general director of the Rostec state corporation Sergey Chemezov and the Minister of Industry and Trade of the Russian Federation Denis Manturov. The bureau discussed the issue of pursuing an active scientific and industrial policy aimed at the early technological renewal of industry.

Chance for a good breakthrough

The results of the development of the economy of the Russian Federation for 2013 year became a wake-up call for the entire industrial community. GDP growth was only 1,3 percent. This is the worst figure in the last three years. Unfortunately, the engineering industry has demonstrated similar dynamics. Overall, industrial output remained at the level of 2012 of the year. Thus, in current conditions, the task of developing and adopting effective measures to stimulate industrial growth is particularly acute. To do this, it is necessary to analyze the potential points of growth of the domestic industry, paying particular attention to its main industry - mechanical engineering.

A unique chance for the countryThe global crisis of 2008 of the year undermined the credibility of the existing global financial and economic system and forced the transition of Western countries to a new technological structure. In addition, the crisis has pushed the process of competition and economic restructuring. The developed anti-crisis programs were aimed primarily at the development of science, innovation and the real sector of production. According to the available estimates, the restructuring of the economies of the leading countries on the basis of the new technological order will last another five years. After this, the leading countries must enter a new cycle of economic growth.

The Russian economy and its industrial sector face the most difficult task - to become competitive in the new technological order and at the same time upgrade the production of the old. In addition, it is necessary not so much to adjust the strategy of economic development in response to the changing economic situation in the world, but also to develop effective measures to counter attempts at political and economic pressure on Russia. Despite the frankly unfriendly rhetoric of a number of Western politicians, no large-scale economic sanctions against the Russian Federation have been introduced and we hope that it will not. However, we must be prepared to artificially limit the demand for Russian exports from the West, including in the area of ​​energy, and to impose a ban on the export of certain types of high-tech products.

Therefore, it is necessary to assess the prospects for industrial growth sensibly, relying primarily on our internal capabilities. The central element of industrial policy should be import substitution, which will significantly minimize the consequences of the negative effect of possible sanctions. The machine-building complex of Russia needs to significantly intensify work in this area. This is one of the most important tasks of industrial development, which is directly related to ensuring the economic security of our country.

The Russian Engineering Union supports the position of the Russian Ministry of Industry and Trade, which was announced at a meeting with the country's president. The main task is to significantly increase the investment attractiveness of industry and, above all, high-tech engineering.

We fully support the proposals of the Ministry of Industry and Trade to create new mechanisms for solving this task as soon as possible. Such mechanisms have already been incorporated into the draft law “On the Industrial Policy of the Russian Federation”, which is now actively developed by the Ministry of Industry and Trade. All our engineering enterprises and, in particular, the corporations of the military-industrial complex (DIC) take part in this work. I ask the members of the Engineering Union to continue to pay special attention to the work on important draft laws for industry.

In the external economic sphere, it is necessary to more actively develop cooperation with those countries that do not raise the issues of the political agenda above mutual economic benefits. Thus, there remains a significant economic potential for expanding partnerships within the framework of the Customs Union and with the BRICS member states (Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa), primarily with China, as well as with the countries of South-East Asia.

Active economic sanctions are not being introduced now due to the fact that there are quite close cooperation ties between Western countries and Russian enterprises. This makes it possible to balance the negative influence that the policies of some states have on our country today.

Despite the complexity of the current situation in the Russian Federation, we have a unique chance. The high level of public confidence in the Russian president creates favorable conditions for solving the tasks of the country's socio-economic development. The key role in this issue should be played by the Russian industrial community, in particular the Russian Engineering Union and the League of Assistance to Defense Enterprises. Indeed, one of the main conditions for economic growth is the industrial segment of the economy and, above all, engineering and the military-industrial complex. Our country is going through a difficult stage of its economic development, which is complicated by the unfavorable political situation. However, right now we have a good opportunity to make a qualitative breakthrough in the development of Russian industry, while ensuring long-term economic growth.

Sergey Chemezov,

Chairman of the Russian Engineering Union



Current benefits

The political situation in which Russia now finds itself is very ambiguous. On the one hand, it exacerbates the already difficult situation in which the Russian industry is now, but on the other hand, it gives a chance for the development of domestic industry. This point of view is voiced both in the leadership of the country and among representatives of financial and economic groups.

The idea of ​​accelerating the pace of localization of production and import substitution was laid down in the draft law “On the Industrial Policy of the Russian Federation”. But the threat of the application of economic sanctions actualize its implementation and contribute to the development of the domestic industry, in particular, the manufacturing sector and mechanical engineering. The public discussion of the bill was attended by representatives of business and the expert community. Suggestions for improvement came from 70 subjects of Russia. The bill is to be submitted to the government in May, and to the State Duma in June 2014.

One of the fundamental points of the bill is the idea of ​​creating an industrial development fund. The need to create a fund is due to the introduction of a new lending mechanism that allows industrial enterprises to borrow at rates comparable to foreign ones. This is due to the fact that financial and credit organizations currently operating in the market cannot go for a sharp decrease in interest rates on loans. This year we will use the funds of the Reserve Fund or the National Wealth Fund, which will be invested in Vnesheconombank’s capital in order to provide loans to enterprises of mechanical engineering not exceeding the rate of five percent. As you know, today the lending rate reaches 13 percent per annum and is unacceptable for the industry. The Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Russian Federation had a lot of discussions about how best to create this fund. We concluded that if the fund is created as a separate legal entity, then it will take a lot of time to organize it. I believe that the Vnesheconombank Institute is a perfectly suitable platform, on which separate accounting will be conducted.

One of the initiatives of the Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Russian Federation is the introduction of tax incentives. As a benefit, it is proposed to reset the federal part of taxes on profits and property and to provide the regions with the opportunity to reduce their part of the income tax to five percent. This reduction is explained by the fact that there is already a solution for the Far East, where a fixed income tax reduction is five percent. Aligning the tax rate helps to avoid competition in investment between regions. We took the initiative to limit the duration of tax benefits to 2025 year. Lost revenues will be compensated by the growth of other taxes, and the future taxable base of the regions will increase due to new enterprises. Limiting the period of validity of benefits to 2025 is explained by the fact that company managers must understand that the sooner they start a project, the more dividends they will receive.

The acceleration of the production growth process will be facilitated by the so-called special investment contract. This is a document that must be signed by representatives of the federal executive body (Ministry of Industry and Trade), regional bodies and business. At the same time, the investor undertakes to fulfill social and economic obligations: to create a new enterprise and high-tech jobs, to organize the production of innovative products. In turn, the authorities guarantee the investor unchanged business conditions and provide support in the form of preferential provision of state property, industry-specific preferences, and tax holidays.

We are currently working on the issue of providing special conditions for banks that will lend to enterprises under these special investment contracts. One of the fixed areas will provide an opportunity to reduce loan rates for management companies that will create the infrastructure.

Another innovation will be the creation of a state information system for industry. When the Ministry of Industry and Trade proposed this idea, some business representatives criticized us for trying to recreate the State Planning Committee. We are not trying to create the State Planning Committee, but we want to create an industry information system. It will receive all information from all regions where it is planned to create certain projects. After all, it often happens that the region is trying to create large investment projects, but no one takes into account how the creation of a new enterprise will affect the economy as a whole. In China, for example, due to overproduction of metal, it was decided to ban the creation of new metallurgical enterprises. You need to clearly know where a particular plant is required, and where not.

In the subprogramme on industrial parks, which is currently being considered by the government, we proposed among the support measures subsidies for interest on parks loans. Also, in accordance with the President’s Address, the subprogramme proposes to offset the costs of the subjects of the Federation to support industrial parks. Industrial parks are the basis of modern industrial infrastructure. The minimum need for the Russian economy over the next five years will be over 200 parks.

The Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Russian Federation has prepared a comprehensive plan for the introduction of the best available technologies (BAT), which was approved by the government in March. Already in May, we will create a council for the transition to the principles of BAT. This council will become a platform for solving all issues related to this complex, but necessary process for our economy.

I expect that all these measures should bring substantial assistance in increasing production and economic growth.

Denis Manturov,
Minister of Industry and Trade of the Russian Federation



Solve industry system problems

The creation of a state fund to support industrial enterprises deserves all approval. This is especially important for such enterprises that produce final products, because sometimes we are faced with underfunding of projects. As a result, enterprise-finishers can not make those products that they have in the specification. Therefore, timely financing will be a significant contribution to the solution of the tasks that the Ministry of Defense and the Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Russian Federation are setting for us.

I would like to draw attention to such a significant moment in the formation of technological complexes (especially for new types of products), such as the procedure for the coordination of technical documentation. It is fully correlated with the purchase of process equipment in accordance with the Federal Laws 94 and 224.

So, it's time to put an end to the system, when anyone can enter the contests with a bunch of tempting offers. Often, these dubious firms win competitions at completely unrealistic prices, and then disrupt the supply of products. From this we all suffer. Especially finishers who are associated with these firms in a single technological complex. This leads to the disruption of the tasks that the Ministry of Defense, the Ministry of Industry and Trade and the Government of the Russian Federation set for us.

A separate question is the state of financing. Banks have so overstated the bar that the profitability that exists today, especially with contracts under the state defense order, does not allow us to work normally. Now the industry has to balance between zero and minus / plus five percent profitability.

And finally, on the pricing policy of commodity monopolies. They can be said to twist our arms with it. For example, metallurgists again staged a price race, despite the situation close to the crisis. Finishing companies from this, figuratively speaking, have another headache.

I want to draw attention to the problem of the personnel potential of the industry. His condition depends entirely on the state of education. It is impossible to simply take a person from the outside. He must be seriously trained. And then, the training program is closely linked to social programs: the provision of housing for employees of enterprises, the creation of a system of pre-school institutions, medical care. Without this social package, people will not come to production.

A sore point is the training of personnel in institutions of specialized secondary education. Such educational institutions must be equipped with the appropriate equipment, training programs, technologies. This is the only way to ensure that graduates will come to the enterprises by ready-made specialists.

If we talk about the specialists that we are offered to attract from the territory of Ukraine, then everything is not simple. In my opinion, they can be involved only within certain limits. There are known limitations. And not all Ukrainian citizens can get admission. God forbid, there will be a leak of information constituting a state secret. Then we will be in a very unsightly position.

Oleg Sienko,
General Director of the Research and Production Corporation “Uralvagonzavod” named after F. Dzerzhinsky



Domestic machines there, and foreign can not be bought

Enterprises producing the component base necessary for the creation of modern products are at the stage of technical re-equipment. In accordance with the decisions of the President, the Government and the Ministry of Industry and Trade, there has been a serious shift in the timing of the completion of technical re-equipment from 2018 to 2015 a year.

Moreover, the exacerbation of the political situation creates the threat of economic sanctions against Russia. The difficult situation of the industry will also be complicated by a serious outflow of capital and the growth of the dollar. He and so over the past six months has grown by over percent 20.

It is no secret that more than 70 percent of all investments in our industry is associated with the purchase of imported equipment. And now we are faced with the need to find additional billions of rubles in investments and loans for this. There is an opinion that it is necessary to compensate the exchange rate, but this is not always possible.

The situation is aggravated by the industry and the fact that the Ministry of Industry and Trade has imposed a strict ban on the purchase of foreign machine tools. But, unfortunately, there is no domestic modern equipment for the production of electronic component base. We buy Russian CNC machines, but lithography, like many other types of equipment, is not produced by our industry.

At the same time, the issue of these supplies is very acute. This applies to such large projects as the Federal State Unitary Enterprise "Scientific and Production Enterprise" Istok "and" Scientific and Production Enterprise "Pulsar". In this regard, it is necessary to make a separate decision on exemption of enterprises from import VAT and customs duties.

Andrey Zverev,
General Director of Russian Electronics OJSC



Credit policy as a way to bankruptcy

Machine tool factories have five to seven percent margin on their sales. The question arises: how do we replenish working capital? After all, the number of orders for the domestic machine tool industry is increasing, and with it the need for working capital increases.

If we proceed from the fact that the money for the replenishment of working capital is divided according to the principle of half and a half, then we must give half to the bundler. Thus, taking money in the bank at 15 percent, we, the finishers, get a loan of 7,5 percent, but at the same time we earn a maximum of seven percent of the margin. This ratio of margin and cost of credit leads to another bankruptcy.

There is a paradox: on the one hand, more and more orders are placed at the enterprises of domestic engineering, on the other hand, the existing credit policy of banks is focused on industries with a rapid turnover of capital, such as retail and trade. Therefore, I consider the system of crediting through the Industry Development Fund a good idea to be lobbied. And it is very important that the creation of this credit system is not put on hold, but begins to work already this year.

It is necessary to fully support the idea of ​​applying to the government with a proposal to hold a meeting with the participation of industry representatives in order to determine the specific tasks of import substitution, especially in the machine-tool industry. The newly created company "Stankoprom" may well solve this problem.

In addition, it is necessary to resolve the issue of supporting domestic producers producing competitive products, comprehensively helping to regulate their relations with natural monopolies. First of all, it is about pricing and tariff policy.

Sergey Nedoroslev,
Chairman of the Board of Directors, Kaskol Management Company LLC



Painful places of basic branches

The industry has a number of vulnerabilities. First, it is microelectronic production. In Soviet times, there was the Integral plant in Belarus, which supplied equipment. Part of this task was solved by Zelenograd plants "Micron", "Angstrom". Today, this industry practically does not exist. Therefore, every time a difficult situation arises, we return to the question of the revival of domestic electronics.

The second weak point of the industry is the machine tool industry. Microelectronics and machine tools are interconnected. Whatever area we touch, engine building or aircraft construction, we use electronic component base and machine tools everywhere. The process of retooling leaves much to be desired, not because we are not patriots and do not do well in the economy, but because in some sectors of the economy there is no alternative to imported equipment.

The threatening state we have with the production of composites. Western firms remain the only suppliers of composite materials for technologies that we are laying on aircraft manufacturing in Ulyanovsk and Kazan.

So, the component base, machine tools, materials are key industries that oblige us to find a resource for their development. What is being done so far with respect to these key industries presents an extremely unhappy picture: to give a little here, a little there. All these measures keep the underlying industries in a dying state.

Another sore point of our industry is education. From universities we get specialists who are absolutely not adapted to production, to scientific activity, and in general to effective actions. We need to use the potential of the older generation. Give him the opportunity to transfer knowledge in specific areas. Thus, the system of personnel retraining should play a central role. In the USSR, it was impossible to occupy the position of senior engineer or any other administrative position if a person did not complete refresher courses. In particular, there was a center for retraining and personnel training in Minaviation. We actively used the institutes of Moscow Technical University, MAI and MIPT. This system needs to be recreated because the people of the age no longer have time to transfer knowledge.

Another problem area for the industry is standards. They will start to work only when references to them are put in the contract system. That is, you need to take products solely on the basis of standards. Then we will begin to raise the level of these standards. The customer will receive an evidence base to assess on its basis the quality and level of product performance achieved. In this situation, both technical regulations and standards will work.

Now the situation with standards is rather paradoxical. There are no industry standards. Corporate standards are practically not developed. The covers of state standards change and international standards are obtained. But we need to adapt standards, and only through orders this adaptation is achievable.

Boris Aleshin
CEO TsAGI



From reactive to proactive service system

It so happened that Rosoboronexport was at the forefront of many problems associated with the promotion and maintenance of our equipment abroad. At Rosoboronexport we created a technical committee of the state standard. Mainly, this committee addresses the issues of integration, logistic support and life cycle management, including the management of so-called aging. To date, five GOSTs have been issued that regulate issues related to the assessment of the life cycle of military products.

An extremely sensitive topic for the industry is ensuring the availability of products with a long life cycle during its operation under conditions of obsolescence and the cessation of the release of purchased and component products. This applies primarily to the electronic component base. Using an actively foreign electronic base, we do not manage the situation in conditions when this base changes every three to five years. For this reason, products with a long life cycle are in a very dangerous area.

The procedure for assessing the situation and monitoring the state of the products require you to move away from the reactive maintenance system, when you solve the problem after the fact, and to move to a proactive system, when we can plan the breakdown of products due to obsolescence and organize the continuation of their operation by creating safety stock or through the organization of production in Russia.

Alexander Brindikov,
Vice President of the Russian Engineering Union, Head of the Advisory Group of Rosoboronexport OJSC
Author:
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http://vpk-news.ru/articles/20115
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  1. chunga-changa
    chunga-changa 1 May 2014 14: 12
    +11
    Well, what's the problem? A bicycle has long been invented. Gosplan and a year to develop a five-year plan for reindustrialization, then the government controls the progress of implementation. Even experts are alive and in their right mind. In addition, even now, everything is not as bad as it was, the enterprises needed by the state are actively modernizing themselves. If you want to participate, propose what you need, and not just another thieves project like o-mobile.
    1. elmi
      elmi 1 May 2014 15: 07
      +9
      With such high taxes, it is not surprising that business cannot rise, we have an interest rate of 8.25% in Europe of approximately 0,5-2%, in the USA and Canada - 1,5-3,5% It is clear that opening your own business in other countries is easier than ours. Therefore, you need lower interest rates on loans to open a business. Then, all over the world, entrepreneurs are trying to exempt from taxes at an early stage, helping in every way, but we can’t do without a bribe and exorbitant taxes. Is it really impossible to create an area of ​​the most favorable business as an experiment in the Crimea, for example, to start a new entrepreneur for 3 of the year from taxes, then gradually raise taxes. but to reasonable limits. I am sure that the economy will immediately come to life and grow.
      1. blackberry
        blackberry 1 May 2014 16: 32
        +2
        Quote: elmi
        With such high taxes, it is not surprising that business cannot rise, we have an interest rate of 8.25% in Europe of approximately 0,5-2%, in the USA and Canada - 1,5-3,5% It is clear that opening your own business in other countries is easier than ours. Therefore, you need lower interest rates on loans to open a business. Then, all over the world, entrepreneurs are trying to exempt from taxes at an early stage, helping in every way, but we can’t do without a bribe and exorbitant taxes. Is it really impossible to create an area of ​​the most favorable business as an experiment in the Crimea, for example, to start a new entrepreneur for 3 of the year from taxes, then gradually raise taxes. but to reasonable limits. I am sure that the economy will immediately come to life and grow.

        The article does not mention a single businessman; they are all appointees. They do not press taxes. The fact that they are currently directing in AOs does not make them businessmen. By the way, this especially delivered: Chairman of the Board of Directors of LLC Kaskol Management Company. Immediately I remember the "honored watchman of the Soviet Union".
        And here it is
        In the foreign economic sphere, it is necessary to actively develop cooperation with those countries that do not put issues on the political agenda above mutual economic benefits. Thus, significant economic potential for expanding partnerships within Customs union and with the BRICS member states (Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa), primarily with China, as well as with the countries of Southeast Asia.

        In addition to Aleshin’s words about the return of experienced specialists and the transfer of experience, no specific problems or measures to eliminate them have been announced. I didn’t catch a little who interferes with this right now, in working order. Maybe the presentation is not fully cited. And all these eternal songs about money, combined with the political weight of the speakers ... Honestly - an imitation of activity. It's a shame for the defense industry.
    2. VAF
      VAF 1 May 2014 15: 49
      +3
      Quote: chunga-changa
      Well, what's the problem?


      Only in one ..... +! drinks There used to be a GOSPLAN and specialized ministries. and now ... MANAGERS. wassat
      If I didn’t know the problem. So to speak from the inside. That could be put = article. and so .. one Blah blah blah, and even more so, Chemezov, Manturov ... crying
  2. Cossacks
    Cossacks 1 May 2014 14: 16
    +10
    Maybe everything is right, although it looks more like demagoguery, but after listening to Medvedev’s report with its zero increase, there’s nobody’s optimism. It begs, so put on the Glazyev’s government. I do not like Glazyev with his mobilization economy - we have many other brilliant economists. The question is different, despite the obviousness of the problem. There are probably reasons that impede a political solution to the pressing issue.
    1. wax
      wax 1 May 2014 15: 29
      +3
      They decided to harness for a long time, now they decided, but they forgot how - the cart does not go. And it won’t go until the exclusive goal is not the welfare of the people and the state, but profit.
    2. VAF
      VAF 1 May 2014 15: 52
      +3
      Quote: Cossacks
      It begs, so put on the Glazyev’s government.


      Yeah ... but what about .. "throne"? After all, the "entourage" can ... ask wassat and neither Glazyev, nor Delyagin ... are included in the "suite"
    3. otec
      otec 1 May 2014 16: 19
      0
      at the eye of the planet, Glazyev is associated as an incapable figure. Even publications about him are deleted and they do not allow ordinary people to discuss.
  3. Duke
    Duke 1 May 2014 14: 16
    +7
    When the younger generation realizes that it is prestigious to be an engineer and skilled worker, then the country's prosperity will increase.
    1. Lukich
      Lukich 1 May 2014 15: 00
      +10
      Quote: Duke
      When the younger generation realizes that it is prestigious to be an engineer and skilled worker, then the country's prosperity will increase.

      absolutely agree. now do not spit, some universities. and the most interesting country that produces almost nothing, but is full of accountants. and the number of guards is already going wild)))
      1. Andrey Yuryevich
        Andrey Yuryevich 1 May 2014 15: 39
        +8
        Quote: Lukich
        Quote: Duke
        When the younger generation realizes that it is prestigious to be an engineer and skilled worker, then the country's prosperity will increase.

        absolutely agree. now do not spit, some universities. and the most interesting country that produces almost nothing, but is full of accountants. and the number of guards is already going wild)))
        laughing you forgot here taxi drivers, sales representatives and merchandisers (fu word what!) to enter .... hi
        1. Lukich
          Lukich 1 May 2014 15: 43
          +8
          Quote: Andrey Yurievich
          you forgot here taxi drivers, sales representatives and merchandisers (fu word what!) to enter ....

          I confess, I forgot))) and if in one word, CONSUMERS))))
      2. kare
        kare 1 May 2014 18: 04
        +1
        absolutely agree. now do not spit, some universities. and the most interesting country that produces almost nothing, but is full of accountants. and the number of guards is already going wild)))

        All right, universities would be if the education were appropriate.
        I ask a young man: "What kind of education?"
        Answers: " higher advertising"
        Destroyed the very concept of higher education
        Tribal level knowledge recourse
    2. vch62388
      vch62388 1 May 2014 23: 01
      +1
      Only when I will be proud to say that I am an installer of CNC machines of the 6th (maximum) category.
      And do not worry about an apartment in a mortgage, for the formation of a cub, and so on.

      The other day we had a conversation with the traffic police officers. Really violated (I confess), overlooked the sign "40". I went a hundred square meters more.
      Dialog:
      - What is your profession?
      - A hard worker in the factory (pass with you).
      - Come on, what to take with you ...

      It even became a shame ...
  4. Fin
    Fin 1 May 2014 14: 16
    +7
    The production workers say everything correctly, even they wrote a good speech to Manturov. More than sure that 5-10 years ago they said the same thing. So what??? So far, the government has effective managers, relatives of everyone and everything, loafers and peeps .... ly - there will be no use. And DAM is not able to manage, only express extreme concern.
  5. Neighbor
    Neighbor 1 May 2014 14: 24
    0
    What kind of trust? Yes, I And all my friends, we are proud that we have not voted for him since he was appointed EBN President.
    1. wax
      wax 1 May 2014 15: 31
      -1
      Wait for you and your friends will appoint anybody.
  6. Little Muck
    Little Muck 1 May 2014 14: 24
    +8
    Great article, many questions. You can’t get off with one comment.
    But my opinion is as follows.
    To achieve the objectives, it is necessary to clean the government in a coordinated manner.
    GDP needs to be thanked by Medvedev for the work done and sent the "foreman" of the reindeer herding brigade with associates to raise the unreached areas of Siberia, Yakutia and the Far East.
    Attracting people like Glazyev, Shoigu, Rogozin, etc. to the new government
    Tight deadlines and terms of punishment for non-execution (according to the principle: you can’t ..., don’t torment w ... y). So that the person knows that simply serving the number will not work. I came to lead, be sober, answer.
    Close our market of fruits and vegetables from Europe, and strain Azerbaijan and Central Asia. Thus, significantly reducing labor migration from there.
    Prohibit the export of capital from the country. In Russia, earned, and invest here.
    Etc.
    1. Polarfox
      Polarfox 1 May 2014 16: 03
      +1
      I support, very reasonable.

      About GDP. I, too, was not enthusiastic about him, and I read the liberal press. But now, after the Crimea and the Ukrainian crisis, I respect it. And I'm not afraid to say it openly.
  7. redka
    redka 1 May 2014 14: 35
    +2
    Last time, industry was paid attention to during the Soviet era.
    Now even vocational schools have become more popular.
  8. Sergg
    Sergg 1 May 2014 14: 36
    +4
    Yes, it is imperative to consolidate political success.
    For this, you will have to get rid of liberalism.
    Appoint another person as Chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation. And no longer any US government bonds, enough to finance enemies in the person of the USA !!! hiding behind a stabilization fund.
    Money should be invested in domestic production, in the development of infrastructure, especially in villages, because the food security of the country is being decided there.
  9. A1L9E4K9S
    A1L9E4K9S 1 May 2014 14: 38
    +3
    Eh Russia, Russia, first we will destroy everything to the ground and then rush like a fish on ice, restore it with heroic efforts. But Medvedev is down, he is rooting. When will we learn to live humanly?
  10. Tra-ta-ta
    Tra-ta-ta 1 May 2014 15: 03
    +2
    .. it's still nice that our rich begin to think not only about their wallet. If there was an extra "lyam" - I would also give it free for a good cause.
  11. Palych9999
    Palych9999 1 May 2014 15: 07
    +2
    The closure of the Skolkovo and Rusnano "project" may become the first steps for a breakthrough in domestic basic industries.
  12. Stalnov I.P.
    Stalnov I.P. 1 May 2014 15: 12
    +4
    When the president says that he is satisfied with the work of the government, and the majority of the people are not satisfied, a strange and paradoxical situation arises, the guarantor of the Constitution is obtained and the representative of the whole people has a different point of view on the work of his government than the people. Boys in short pants running with suckers Moreover, the incompetent inaction of the government strikes the majority of the country's population, which is stupidity, criminal negligence, many times cited the example of China, more than 7% of GDP, that the Chinese government is 7 times better than Russia, moreover, we have more than 30% of all world reserves of natural resources, still advanced science and education, then there is only one question: if these people can’t boost the economy and get away from the economic development models adopted by them, then they just need to be driven away, you can’t put up with this anymore. When you really have such a chance and look at how the government behaves- YAMLI, you do not get intelligible answers, just the PRESIDENT needs to he has to make a decision with his people or with this crowd of obscure specialists, who for a year cannot form at least some kind of economic policy. It is just necessary to put things in order in the country, probably stop experimenting with the country and people. Bashka needs to think, not ....
  13. dimdimich71
    dimdimich71 1 May 2014 15: 15
    +4
    Quote: Little Muck
    Close our market of fruits and vegetables from Europe, and strain Azerbaijan and Central Asia. Thus, significantly reducing labor migration from there.
    Prohibit the export of capital from the country. In Russia, earned, and invest here.

    And agriculture, I wanted to start from scratch, poked around and spat, the help that exists is some kind of horror and I'm not the only one
  14. rkkasa xnumx
    rkkasa xnumx 1 May 2014 15: 17
    +2
    The article looks like another "blah-blah-blah", like the fight against corruption.
  15. Zomanus
    Zomanus 1 May 2014 16: 18
    +2
    Forgot to mention the production of tools. Domestic is not always able to work in conditions of production loads. Still need to add health protection at work.
  16. beifall
    beifall 1 May 2014 16: 19
    +1
    The expectation of sanctions is worse than the sanctions themselves, the words are not mine, but the IMF !!!!!!!!!! Great words! The Russian economy is slowing down, car factories are already firing people, Ford will be closed until July !!!!!!!!!!!!!
  17. beifall
    beifall 1 May 2014 16: 22
    -1
    and Islamization of the former ............................. RUSSIAN lands:
    Chechnya and Ingushetia are the republics in which there are practically no Russians left, just as the so-called Russian-speaking ones are practically gone: Armenians, Greeks, Jews, Ukrainians, etc. Together with the Russians, Russian culture and the Russian way of life are leaving the republics. But the holy place is never empty, today Islamization is actively going on in the region. To a certain extent, today Chechnya and Ingushetia can be called Islamic republics. For example, according to the “National Question in Russian Social and Political Life” research mentioned above, the majority (62%) of Chechens and Ingush support the introduction of polygamy at least in the territories of these republics. And every fourth (23%) believes that polygamy should be allowed throughout the Russian Federation. According to a number of Chechen and Ingush respondents, polygamy in these republics has already become de facto widespread. Let us cite one of the participants in the study: “Polygamy in Ingushetia is normal. I have a neighbor recently married husband. Yesterday they just brought it. She has no children. And the first wife lives separately in the house, and the second ". According to another respondent, “now in Chechnya, if there is money, they want to marry immediately to the second.”

    Meanwhile, polygamy in the Russian Federation is prohibited by law. If any people want to live according to Islamic laws and practice polygamy, then this is certainly their right. It cannot be argued that the Islamic way of life is better or worse than the Russian - for the most part European, Christian. These are just different ways. But in this regard, the question arises: can two territories coexist within the framework of a single state, in one of which the norm is considered what is prohibited by law and considered morally unacceptable?
    Imitation of national policy

    It cannot be said that the Russian government completely ignores the position of the Russians in the North Caucasus. In various government documents, the “Russian question” is clearly indicated. For example, the federal target program “Strengthening the unity of the Russian nation and the ethno-cultural development of the peoples of Russia (2014 – 2020 years)” adopted in August of this year states that the difficulties the Russian Federation faced in the post-Soviet period “led to a number of negative consequences in the interethnic sphere ”, including“ restriction in some regions of the Russian Federation of non-title rights, including Russian, of the population ”. The wording itself is indicative of this: “in some subjects”. The authors try by all means not to name a specific region, although it is clear that the North Caucasus is hidden behind this euphemism.

    The concrete actions planned in the FTP can cause only bewilderment. The North Caucasus is mentioned twice in the document - in the names of the events: the Russian Caucasus International Political Science Forum and the Gathering of Young Journalists and Bloggers of the North Caucasus and Southern Federal Districts. It would even be offensive to suspect the authors of the Federal Targeted Program that, in their opinion, these events could somehow affect the position of the Russian population in the North Caucasus. In other words, national policy makers see and understand the problems associated with “restricting non-title rights, including Russian, of the population” in the North Caucasus, but are not going to do anything to change the situation.
  18. Giant thought
    Giant thought 1 May 2014 17: 47
    -1
    It is necessary to change Medvedev together with the government. Remember what indicators Russia had when it was the prime minister of GDP. No comparison. Well, Medvedev does not cope with the task entrusted, he is not given to be the first, he is good at supporting roles, but nothing more.
  19. silberwolf88
    silberwolf88 1 May 2014 18: 41
    0
    Now is a really favorable time ... There is a demand for high-tech products and technologies ... The state is ready to finance key programs ... You can and should do modernization of industry ... revive, and if you need to re-create technology
  20. kaa1977
    kaa1977 1 May 2014 19: 28
    0
    What does the president have to do with it. Take it and solve all these production and scientific issues, well, surely no one will mind.
    And then here it pisses me off, for example, this: "You elect me to the deputies, and here I will arrange everything so that you will swing." For me duck is like this: "You do something worthwhile, and we'll see what to do with you"

    All this can be solved without the participation of the president. You just have to work.
  21. kaa1977
    kaa1977 1 May 2014 20: 29
    0
    Quote: kaa1977
    What does the president have to do with it. Take it and solve all these production and scientific issues, well, surely no one will mind.
    And then here it pisses me off, for example, this: "You elect me to the deputies, and here I will arrange everything so that you will swing." For me duck is like this: "You do something worthwhile, and we'll see what to do with you"

    All this can be solved without the participation of the president. You just have to work.

    If you are minus, then comment, otherwise it is not Christian.
  22. Vladimir 23rus
    Vladimir 23rus 2 May 2014 11: 49
    0
    There is a suspicion that all words will remain so angry