Military Review

Submachine guns Vytas and Vladas (Lithuania)

26
A few years before the country gained independence, the future leaders of the Republic of Lithuania became concerned about the defense of their state. They understood that in the very near future the army of the new state would need weapon. In addition, their plans included the creation of armed groups that would fight the Soviet "occupation". As a result, in the late eighties, Lithuanian engineers in artisanal conditions began developing new small arms.




Work on the creation of new designs headed Algirdas Petresevichus. Prior to that, he worked as an engineer in several organizations and had a certain design experience. In addition, it is impossible not to mention his motivation to work on weapons. Back in the early fifties, Petresevichus began his struggle with the "occupiers." At that time, he joined the underground organization "Iron Wolf" and quickly reached the post of deputy head. In 1956, after a regular rally, the future gunsmith was arrested and convicted of anti-Soviet activities. Later he made two unsuccessful attempts to escape from prison, during one of which he was wounded and lost his arm. In the late sixties, Petresevichus returned home to Lithuania and, apparently, held a grudge against the authorities.

In accordance with the plans of the Lithuanian underground workers of the late eighties, a new weapon for the armed forces should have a simple structure. The fighters against the “occupation” did not have access to serious production facilities and therefore needed weapons that could be produced with the existing equipment. Approximately in the same way the cartridge for the new weapon was chosen. The underground had no access to intermediate cartridges for automata. The only suitable option was the 9x18 mm PM cartridge: such ammunition could be obtained from militiamen loyal to the underground.

Vytis

A new submachine gun for the underground was developed by A. Petresevichus in just a month. The design of this weapon is widely used ideas borrowed from other projects. The main "donors" of ideas were the Kalashnikov machine gun and the German submachine gun of the Second World War, the MP-38 / 40. Such borrowings affected both the design of the internal mechanisms of the weapon and its appearance. The project of the first Lithuanian submachine gun was called Vytis.

Submachine guns Vytas and Vladas (Lithuania)
Submachine gun Vytis designs Algirdas Petresevichus


Receiver "Vitis" was made on the basis of the design of the Kalashnikov assault rifle. The handguard, front sight and muzzle brake compensator were made in a similar way. The latter was borrowed from the AK-74, with minimal changes due to a different bullet caliber. In addition, the Soviet machine gun "shared" with the Lithuanian submachine gun automatic gas and sights.

Inside the receiver was located bolt carrier with a gas piston and a rotating bolt. Information on the design of the trigger mechanism is not available. On the left side of the receiver, above the pistol grip, there was a flag of the fuse-translator of fire.

Despite the use of gas automatics, the Vytas submachine gun was designed to fit the 9x18 mm PM pistol cartridge. Because of this, he received a characteristic box magazine on 36 cartridges and the receiving shaft of the shop with a latch. As follows from the available information, it was the ammunition supply system that was borrowed from German weapons such as the MP-38 / 40. According to some sources, the Vytis submachine gun was equipped with a magazine on the 32 or 34 cartridge. Perhaps the capacity of handicraft shops was different for each lot.



For ease of use the submachine gun "Vitis" received wooden lining the pistol grip and handguard. On the rear surface of the receiver was installed butt, folding to the right. The total length of the weapon with the butt folded out reached 736 mm, with the folded 508 mm. The submachine gun was equipped with a barrel length 200 mm (22,2 caliber).

When developing a new weapon, A. Petresevichus had to take into account the peculiarities of its production. The Lithuanian underground did not have any serious equipment, which is why most of the details of the submachine gun were proposed to be made from sheet metal under artisanal conditions. This had a corresponding effect on the characteristics of the weapon, but at the same time it made it possible to quickly begin production under the existing conditions.

The exact number of Vytis submachine guns released is unknown. Probably the score went to tens or hundreds. It is known that shortly after Lithuania proclaimed its independence, the first version of the weapon of Petresevichus's construction received a new designation: Vytis-1. The reason for this was the appearance of an updated project called Vytis-2. The basic submachine gun has undergone some technological changes. Weapons of the type "Vitis-2" were used by the Lithuanian guard of honor.

In the early nineties, another version of the first Lithuanian submachine gun appeared. Vytis-3 modification was intended for use of 9x19 mm Parabellum cartridges. Ammunition of this type was purchased in Sweden. For the use of the new cartridge, the weapon has undergone some changes, but no major modifications have been made. "Vitis-3", like the previous family of weapons, had gas automatics.

The total number of Vytis machine pistols of three modifications is unknown. There are various estimates, but there is no official data on this. It can be assumed that no more than a few hundred weapons of three types were manufactured, after which production ceased. The first prerequisite to the abandonment of "Vitis" could be the independence of Lithuania. The Soviet "occupation" stopped, and the underground organizations were legalized. In addition, Lithuania received Soviet-made weapons, remaining in parts and in warehouses. Also, it should be noted that according to its characteristics, the Vytis family of weapons was inferior to any serial systems of a similar purpose.

Vladas

Soon after Lithuania’s secession from the USSR, the designers, under the direction of A. Petresevichus, founded their own company, Vytis. Now they got the opportunity to work legally and count on the support of the military department. Already in the status of official gunsmiths, engineers began developing a new submachine gun called the Vladas.

It is believed that when creating the Vladas submachine gun, Petresevichus and his colleagues pushed off the English weapon STEN. Indeed, in the design of both samples are traced common features and the most noticeable of them is the maximum simplicity and low cost. Not being able to work with developed industrial enterprises, the designers of Vytis were forced to go along the already developed path and develop an extremely simple structure.



The receiver box of the Vladas submachine gun was a tube and a rectangular casing in its lower part with several openings and slots. Inside the tube and the casing, all elements of automation and firing mechanism were located. For ease of use, the submachine gun of the new model received a perforated cylindrical barrel casing. The diameter of the casing coincided with the diameter of the cylindrical part of the receiver, because of what they looked like a single piece. In front of the receiver was attached hollow handle fire control with the receiving shaft shop.

The desire to simplify the design of weapons led to the use of automation based on the impact of the free gate. This allowed us to get rid of a number of relatively difficult to manufacture parts, while maintaining acceptable characteristics. On the upper surface of the bolt there was a cocking handle, bred through the slot in the receiver. The type of firing mechanism is unknown. On the left side of the receiver there was a three-position flag translator of fire with a fuse function.

The Vladas pistol grip had a hollow metal base and wooden lining. The metal part served as the receiving shaft of the store. Apparently, on the new submachine gun used the same stores as on Vytis. The new weapon was designed for the cartridge 9х18 mm PM.

The submachine gun Vladas had specific ergonomics, the disadvantages of which outweighed all the positive aspects of the simplicity of the design. He had no butt, and sights were a front sight and a simple design, mounted on the upper surface of the receiver and barrel casing. To hold the weapon with both hands was offered for the handle and the cylindrical casing of the barrel. Given the size of "Vladas", we can assume that it was not very convenient.

Serial production of Vladas submachine guns started in 1992 year. The number of weapons produced by this model is unknown. The simplicity of the design made it possible to assemble new submachine guns in large quantities, using the available resources and equipment. As in the case of the previous Lithuanian development, the main raw materials for the manufacture of weapons were metal sheets. Nevertheless, the handicraft nature of the development and production could not affect the characteristics of the weapon.

Refusal of own development

A. Petresevichus submachine guns were created and manufactured under conditions of limited capabilities, which determined their appearance. In addition, it affected their future. A number of new weapons were manufactured, but they were used a little and not for long. With a large number of Soviet-made automata and pistols, the Lithuanian armed forces and security forces did not need the development of domestic designers. In this regard, the use of submachine guns Vytis and Vladas lasted only a few years, after which they were sent to warehouses.

After a fiasco, the firm Vytis dealt with more pressing issues. Instead of creating new weapons, designers began developing modernization projects for the existing one. Until the end of the nineties, employees of the company prepared several projects for the refinement and modernization of various models available in the troops of Kalashnikovs. However, these projects did not interest the military. In the late nineties, Lithuania was preparing to join NATO and made plans for the rearmament of the army. As a result, the armed forces received weapons of foreign manufacture. A niche of automatic weapons for a pistol cartridge firmly occupied the Israeli submachine gun IMI UZI and the German HK MP5.


On the materials of the sites:
http://guns.yfa1.ru/
http://zbroya.info/
http://xxiamzius.lt/
http://kariuomene.kam.lt/
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26 comments
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  1. svp67
    svp67 12 May 2014 08: 06
    +7
    The gunsmiths of Lithuania are already ridiculous, the army is scanty, for whom did they make their weapons? It would be better if you tried yourself in something else ... in peace, you look and would have achieved great success.
    1. fyvaprold
      fyvaprold 12 May 2014 12: 18
      0
      Quote: svp67
      It would be better if you tried yourself in something else ... in peace, you look and would have achieved great success.

      Yeah, in sprats, for example. laughing
      1. zeleznijdorojnik
        zeleznijdorojnik 13 May 2014 00: 00
        -1
        You confuse the Lithuanians with the Latvians - the Lithuanians have no sea, and the power gave them the written language of Owls ...
        1. Igool
          Igool 13 May 2014 03: 43
          +1
          Quote: zeleznijdorojnik
          Lithuanians have no sea

          Did he fall off the pipe? Klaipeda - what is not a port? Palanga is a resort. Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania - this is also the former PribVO.
          Not only the gunsmiths of Lithuania are ridiculous, their common efforts in competing with Russia are ridiculous. They are like a mongrel in NATO. America hinted, and Lithuania is already flooded, with threats, with the introduction of sanctions. Well, children, and nothing more. Only, unfortunately, sick children - dob.
          1. zeleznijdorojnik
            zeleznijdorojnik 13 May 2014 09: 24
            0
            I agree, I didn’t look at stupidity on the map — I didn’t correlate the seas and the republics with the republics when I studied geography, I knew that it was Our common Klaipeda in the Baltics, and Lithuania or Latvia didn’t pay attention.
  2. Zhaman-Urus
    Zhaman-Urus 12 May 2014 08: 20
    +14
    The Soviet regime was too kind to internal enemies ...
    1. spech
      spech 12 May 2014 09: 51
      +6
      The Soviet regime was too kind to internal enemies ..

      that's for sure, the KGB didn’t work (
  3. igordok
    igordok 12 May 2014 08: 51
    +5
    Without reading the article, reading the title and seeing the illustration, I thought that we would talk about weapons created during the independence of 20-30.
    1. anip
      anip 12 May 2014 10: 21
      +3
      Quote: igordok
      Without reading the article, reading the title and seeing the illustration, I thought that we would talk about weapons created during the independence of 20-30.

      Oh really? But in my opinion, the photographs immediately show that the weapon was created according to post-war trends and motives. And without reading the article, it is clear that one - the converted Stan, the second - partially ripped off the Kalashnikov.
  4. avt
    avt 12 May 2014 09: 12
    +4
    laughing We are waiting for the appearance of the Baltic strategic missile "Vladas"
    1. Mister X
      Mister X 13 May 2014 12: 37
      +1
      A play on words, of course, but ... still VITAS!

  5. smile
    smile 12 May 2014 10: 12
    +10
    With all due respect, I allow myself to doubt a little the information presented in the article. No, I don’t doubt the author in his honesty and conscientiousness, but very much in the sources.
    I believe the original source is the Lithuanians themselves. So, they have spread so many myths around their allegedly violent "struggle against the occupation" that there are fewer truths in what they post in their museums and memories than in the myths of Ancient Greece. Colleagues - you can't imagine what wildest tales Lithuanians tell about their "resistance" - worse than La belle France - about their resistance ..... :)))

    Let's start small - there was no underground in Lithuania. There was a network of American-European agents, and, more importantly, agents of influence who were amicably in the CPSU in rather big posts. Coordination, direct supervision and personnel lay on the shoulders of the Bloc of Captive Peoples. Why did they need these freaks? It was easier to get a normal weapon than to make a workable unit from the same Sweden. And would the masters of the Lithuanian "resistance" have ostapili their cannon fodder without weapons?

    Further - in general, I believe that these units were produced, God forbid, in one or two copies - and most likely for criminal purposes, I am also far from sure. that freaks are workable. After all, otherwise the "underground" would probably know, lope they hung grams. :))) They, blillin, were to be distributed by the piece to the gangs ... oh, to the avengers ... non-existent .... :))) And the blueprints were somehow lost ... and if the wire stock a freak that shorter will withstand the recoil, then I am a new word in materials science and weaponry .... :)))

    So, in my opinion, a respected author pecked at a frank misinformation, which is not surprising. the author probably cannot imagine HOW Lithuanians can lie about their struggle with the invaders .... :))))
    1. Mister X
      Mister X 12 May 2014 12: 30
      +1
      Quote: smile
      It was easier to get a normal weapon than to make an efficient unit, from the same Sweden.

      - And what kind of help can you give to our movement?
      - Naturally, you do not mean monetary assistance? I would not dare to offer it to you, because it would put you in the position of my agent ...
      - And if I need documents, German train tickets, German equipment?
      - Latvian railway tickets, Estonian equipment, Lithuanian documents. Germany is now in no position to aggravate relations with Moscow. And then, by building good relations with the Kremlin, involving your homeland in the system of our business relations, we are giving you a great service.

      Yulian Semyonov
      "Diamonds for the dictatorship of the proletariat"
    2. Fedya
      Fedya 12 May 2014 20: 09
      +2
      And here you are wrong! I saw a report about this weapon over a box about eleven years ago, and there the topic was raised by patchachu in high anto weapons are not made for the glory of security! I already said then that it’s smarter to acquire normal weapons than to frighten people with such pukalkami. Then a cartridge factory was built in Lyatva, and after some time they began to whine why it was built because for six months its production will be enough for three years, so that the Lithuanian army fired without stopping!
      1. Igool
        Igool 13 May 2014 03: 49
        +1
        Quote: Fedya
        I already said then that it’s smarter to acquire normal weapons than to frighten people with such pukalkami.

        Aha, and America armed them from the master's shoulder "M-14". I laughed for a long time. We changed the AK for the main "competitor" during the Vietnam War. Well, hilarious with this Lithuanian combat capability, and nothing more.
        1. smile
          smile 13 May 2014 10: 29
          0
          Igool
          I'll tell you more - the Lithuanians bought a used M-15. which were in service with the United States for a year and a half and, due to unsuitability, were thrown into warehouses in the hope of shoving savages .... savages were found :))) And the Lithuanians also bought from Israel a whole ship of a rusty rifle gunner thrown out by the IDF and taken away from the Arabs .... :) )) In general - in terms of scale - Lithuanian comrades are an order of magnitude cooler than a stool ...
          1. Igool
            Igool 14 May 2014 00: 55
            +1
            No, they didn’t have M-15. They modified their M-14 to M-14L1 L-Lithuania. The modification mainly affected the canopy of optics and a night lamp. One of their cronies boasted that it was 5 times cheaper than their Russian counterparts, but surpassed them in terms of their technical characteristics. This was enough for me to cheer up for the whole day. So I didn’t laugh yet. You might think that the Americans themselves could not think of a canopy of optics, as if there were no other problems with the M-14.
            They are still in service. True, in 2006 we purchased a few HK UMP submachine guns and G36 assault rifles. Buying a G36- also speaks of their "competent" solution. An expensive but not very reliable system. The USM unit cannot be cleaned in the field. The truth can be replaced with another. It can be seen that someone got a kickback
      2. smile
        smile 13 May 2014 10: 25
        0
        Fedya
        Maybe he’s wrong, he’s just gotten used to the fact that the further, the more monstrous the lies they spread. About their camp with the enslavers ... that’s with us ... and the lies are so utter that only oligophrenes can believe .... and about weapons .... you did not bother that it is not known how many were produced? And this despite the fact that everyone is alive and everything practically happened yesterday ..... I admit that the authors are good gunsmiths, but I also admit that they spread fairy tales about these weapons as advertisements - hence the reports and everything else ....
  6. Leader
    Leader 12 May 2014 10: 36
    +5
    The very first phrase amused. Author, why repeat the propaganda inventions of the newly emerged "independent" states?
    What "resistance movement" in the Baltic republics are we talking about? What are the concerned "future leaders"?
    After the last "forest brothers" caught in the early 50s, the Balts sat like mice and only from the end of 89. started yelling something there. Until 90, one or two shot and a dozen or two planted would have been enough for all this "struggle" to end immediately for decades to come. Let the Balts erect a monument to Judas Humpbacked for their present ...
    And such constructions (like "based on STEN") a good turner will "invent" and implement, put them on stream in three days.
    A primitive that deserves attention only as an absurdity generated by the wretched little mind of an idiot insulted by the Soviet regime.
    However, this is the normal level of development of the Baltic states.
    1. Igool
      Igool 13 May 2014 03: 57
      +2
      And here you are not quite right. In Kaunas, there were fairly strong nationalist views. Roughly like zapadentsy in Ukraine. They are always not happy with everything. So it is here.
      So in 1972, in my opinion, Romas Kalantha was burned, protesting against the USSR. And quite serious riots began in Kaunas. More than 3000 thousand people took part in the demonstrations. At that time, the noise was strong. Although the youth participated mainly in the demonstrations, the authorities did not stand on ceremony and soon everything was quiet and calm again. It was rumored that they should have put out it, but did not begin to do it, let it burn out for free Lithuania.
      1. your1970
        your1970 10 June 2015 20: 06
        0
        I heard about Novocherkassk, but about the Baltic states in 1972, I didn’t come across, we’ll look
  7. luiswoo
    luiswoo 12 May 2014 11: 15
    +7
    Underground workers did not have access to intermediate cartridges for machine guns. The only suitable option was the 9x18 mm PM cartridge: such ammunition it could be receive from police loyal to the underground.

    And probably in wagons, to see each "fighter" was supposed to have a bag of cartridges in the teeth - otherwise why would a 9x18 PP with a gas engine.
    Why it was trifling, it was necessary right away:
    1. Igool
      Igool 13 May 2014 04: 03
      0
      Sell ​​the idea to Lithuania !.
      They will pay you in gold. Oh, and I forgot that they have no gold either. Well then milk. With the cows, in my opinion everything is in order there so far.
  8. kirpich
    kirpich 12 May 2014 12: 43
    0
    Shooting from "Vladas" in bursts, it seems, is not an easy pleasure. You can't even hold it with two hands.
  9. Darth Vader
    Darth Vader 12 May 2014 16: 54
    0
    Quote: Zhaman-Urus
    The Soviet regime was too kind to internal enemies ...

    Yes. And in the days of the USSR, the Baltic republics poured big money ... "Soviet Europe" ... Hands will reach them too ...
  10. Sour
    Sour 12 May 2014 16: 56
    +1
    A strange weapon is Vytis. The PM cartridge is rather weak, gas removal in such weapons is not needed. Moreover, it is harmful, because with such a weak charge of gunpowder, the gas exhaust device is unlikely to work reliably. And the mass of weapons is clearly not small for such a weak cartridge.
    1. Igool
      Igool 13 May 2014 04: 00
      +1
      Lord, we found something to discuss. There are hundreds of such homemade products released underground and often in more decent quality, i.e. more like real weapons than this artisanal scrap metal. What kind of gunsmiths can be in Lithuania? Do not make me laugh.
  11. SLX
    SLX 12 May 2014 18: 43
    +3
    What resistance? In the kitchens? All Baltic active nationalists and their candidates were on special accounts, all this kitchen resistance was stuffed with agents and even more numerous informers, operational work on all this code was constantly and tirelessly, etc. Therefore, small but very proud peoples invented fairy tales that delight their national pride. For there is nothing more to please. It is impossible to say to modern youth that they started stirring when and only when Moscow began to openly turn a blind eye to the pranks of nationalists, and before that everyone was unanimously afraid, but even if they weren’t afraid, they couldn’t do anything good.

    Even when the free will came, they also couldn’t - it turned out that national pride would not replace either knowledge, experience, or commercial intuition. The very idea of ​​creating a commercial company for the development and production of weapons by self-made craftsmen speaks a lot about their minds. Hoping to create a breakthrough product? So for this hatred of Moscow and Russian will not be enough. Hoping to supply your own army? Have you forgotten to count the cost of products made on your knee and their comparative cost with Western models or hoped for corruption? Etc.

    And these shooters themselves are ordinary handicraft, the constructive and technological flaws of which are perfectly visible to the naked eye. Even the Chechen BORZ is much more interesting, because his performance characteristics were tested in real combat. And it was made at a higher level. Like many handicrafts of clandestine Soviet and Russian craftsmen - for example, homemade machine guns of the Tolstopyatov brothers, who put the ears of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and the KGB and introduced experts with a state of stupor.
  12. Ols76
    Ols76 13 May 2014 07: 13
    +2
    Plain scrap metal.
  13. Alf
    Alf 13 May 2014 10: 41
    0
    Quote: Igool
    More than 3000 thousand people took part in the demonstrations. At that time, the noise was strong. X

    3 MILLION? Yes, in all of Lithuania there were so many people. Probably 3 THOUSAND?
    1. Igool
      Igool 14 May 2014 00: 36
      +1
      Sorry, a typo crept in. Naturally 3 thousand. Something I filled their price.