Military Review

How Europe with the beasts sued

38
In the Middle Ages and in modern times, regular animal trials took place in Western Europe. Lawsuits against animals may seem like the height of idiocy (which they actually were), but the reasons for this can be explained if we take into account the superstitious mentality of a medieval person. With the light hand of the Catholic Church from the end of the XIII century. a genuine devil cult took root in society. Satan was seen everywhere - in the actions of people, animal behavior, household items, even in natural phenomena. In addition, the principle of "an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth" was widely spread.


Many court cases against animals are described in the classic work The Golden Branch by James George Fraser, an eminent British religious scholar, ethnographer and anthropologist.

"In Europe, until relatively recently, lower animals were fully on a par with people accountable to the law. Pets were tried in criminal courts and punished by death if a crime was proved; wild animals were subject to the jurisdiction of ecclesiastical courts, and the punishments they received were exile and death by means of a spell or excommunication.These punishments were far from comic, if it is true that St. Patrick drove into the sea with the spells of all reptiles of Ireland or turned them into stones and that St. Berr the nara, excommunicating the flies buzzing around him, laid them all dead on the floor of the church. The right to bring domestic animals to trial rested, like a stone rock, on Jewish law from the Book of the Covenant ("I will collect your blood, in which your life, will exact it from every beast "(Genesis, chapter 9, verse 5)). In each case, a lawyer was appointed to protect the animals, and the whole process — judicial investigation, sentence and execution — was conducted with the strictest observance of all forms of legal proceedings and the requirements of the law. Thanks to the studies of French antiquity lovers, the protocols of the 92 processes that passed through the courts of France between the 12th and 18th centuries were published. The last victim in France of this, one might say, Old Testament justice was a cow, which was sentenced to death in the 1740 of our calendar. "

If the Inquisition preferred the good old fire, then the secular courts of execution chose the most different ones - in accordance with the gravity of the crime. So, the donkey, brazenly devouring lettuce leaves in a foreign garden, was sentenced to ear deprivation. The Austrian court sentenced the dog that bit the official to "one year and one day in prison." Two killer pigs alive buried in the ground.

In most cases, limited to public hanging. It used to be that the animals were even dressed up in clothes, so that everything looked "like humans".

How Europe with the beasts sued


Execution of pigs in the middle ages


During the whole process, the quadrupeds were in solitary confinement. All the ceremonies were observed - to the smallest detail. In the archives of the French city of Melen there is a report on the cost of executing a pig: "Feeding a pig in prison: 6 Parisian pennies. Next - the executioner ... to execute the sentence: 54 Parisian pennies. Next - the fee for the cart on which the pig was delivered to the scaffold : 6 Parisian pennies. Next is the fee for the rope on which the pig was hung: 2 Parisian pennies and 8 denarii. Next, the gloves: 2 Parisian denarius. "



Trial of a pig


But criminal courts are only a small fraction of the proceedings. The church did not stand aside either, conducting mass courts over animals. Flies, caterpillars, locusts, cats, fish, leeches and even May beetles appeared on these vessels.

Over the last garden pests, referred to as bruises, in 1479, in Lausanne (Switzerland), a loud trial lasted two years. By a court decision, the six-legged criminals were ordered to immediately leave the country.

In Lausanne, such courts were held with enviable regularity. In addition to the May bugs there were tried, for example, caterpillars. When the latter ravaged this district, they were, on the orders of the bishop, thrice "called to the court" with a bell. At the same time, the laity fell on their knees and, having said the words “Our Father” and “Our Lady of the Virgin, rejoice,” three times, turned to divine help. And although the caterpillars did not appear to the court anyway, a specially appointed lawyer defended their interests. The "affair", of course, won the community. According to the verdict, the caterpillars, which became the shelter of the devil, were solemnly cursed in the name of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit, and they were ordered to withdraw from all the fields and disappear. It was not there. The defendants, according to the testimony of the chronicles, "found that it was more convenient for them to continue living on the soil of Lausanne, and left the curses without attention."

Despite the fact that the caterpillars ignored church verdicts, the idea of ​​calling them to court attracted attention. Thus, in 1516, the inhabitants of the city of Vilnoz also sued the caterpillars. The sentence obliged the caterpillars to leave for six days the vineyards and lands of Vilnoz, threatening them in case of disobedience with a church curse.

In 1519, the process against field mice began in Glurns. Mice lost the case. The court ruled that "harmful animals called field mice are obliged to leave arable land and meadows for 14 days and move to another place."

And in the same Lausanne, having finished with the caterpillars, in 1541, a lawsuit was brought against leeches, which began to multiply with unprecedented speed, and it was necessary to step foot in a puddle, dozens of blood-suckers immediately dug into the leg.

The process diagram was usually the same: after self-evident triple failure to appear in court, the respondents — mice, cracklers, or caterpillars — had to make a decision in absentia. In it, guilty, under pain of horrific spells from the church pulpit, were instructed to leave a certain locality in due time. However, sometimes the same caterpillars were brought to the court in large numbers. As delegates from the "devil tracked community."

Processes with mass respondents usually took a long time. If single creatures were accused, then retribution for witchcraft overtook them quickly.

But most of all not lucky cats. Cats, to their misfortune, fit the role of devilish creatures better than anyone else: walking alone at night, heart-rending screams, luminous eyes in the darkness. In general, unholy behavior. Here it is clear to any fool that nothing happened without the devil.



Hanging cats in the Middle Ages


In addition to the inquisitorial tribunals and secular courts, mass extrajudicial killings were organized on cats. In February, an annual festival called the Feline Month took place in the town of Ypres, when live cats were thrown from the central bell tower of the city. In case the beast remained alive, a pack of dogs was on duty below.



Kattenfestival in Ypres, Belgium. Nowadays, artificial cats are being dropped from the bell tower.


Festivities similar to Ipris existed in many regions of Western Europe: Flanders, Schleswig-Holstein, Upper Silesia, and others.

The day of the feast of St. John gained particular fame. 24 June was built gallows for cats in many city squares of France, in many cities fires were blazing. In Paris, a high pillar was erected on Greve Square. Upstairs hung a bag or barrel with two dozen cats. Large logs, branches and bundles of hay were laid out around the pillar. Everything was set on fire, and before the eyes of hundreds of merry idlers, poor animals were roasting, uttering horrible screams.

In the Ardennes (France), cats were burned at the stake on the first Sunday of Lent.



Execution of cats in the New time


The Inquisition and simple "conscious citizens" tortured and killed innocent "satanic offspring" in such quantities that the cats were threatened with almost complete annihilation. K XIV century. there are so few cats left that they could no longer cope with the rats that carried the bubonic plague. Epidemics began, in which, naturally, they blamed not the Inquisition, but the Jews (it was believed that the cause of the plague was that the Jews were poisoning the wells). "Responsible" for the epidemics was their "specialization", "carefully" assigned to them by the Catholic Church and the secular authorities.

In the wake of the pogroms that swept across Europe, about 200 Jewish communities were annihilated by a mob of smerds. It did not help. Then they switched to witches and began to burn them with incredible zeal, for which Pope-degenerate Innokenty VIII 5 December 1484 publishes a savage bull "Summis Desiderantes". Now on the fires of the Inquisition the witches and heretics will burn until the 18th century. Together with cats. Rats bred more. The result is known - up to half of the population of Europe died from the plague. The second half of the population that has not died of the plague, at that time, is no longer up to the cats. Cats begin to multiply, the number of rats and mice decreases, the plague calms down and ... with new vigor and with the same zeal, the destruction of the "devilish bastards" resumes. Mice and rats with joy observe from their holes, as cats accused of collaboration with witches and the devil again disappear one after another and die at the hands of the Inquisition and ordinary well-meaning Christians. Good mood promotes good appetite - at the beginning of the XVI century. rats and mice eat the crop in Burgundy almost completely. Hunger comes. And so on, in a vicious circle.

The church, as usual, is struggling with the misfortune of the old, proven method - causes rats to court. The epic process in the court of the Otensky church district, where rats were called to account, had to solve the problem with vile creatures once and for all. The trial was loud, rather long, the courtroom was shaken by the evidence of horrific atrocities of rats. But the court of the harvest did not add and slowly died away by itself, bringing the next laurels only to a lawyer.

And the surviving part of the population, tired to burn witches and cats to no avail, litigate with rats and smash Jews, comes up with a new enemy of Christianity - the werewolves. In the "enlightened Europe" begins the next holy war: the fight against werewolves.

Sources:
Absentis D. Christianity and ergot.
Frazer D. Golden Branch.
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38 comments
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  1. svskor80
    svskor80 12 May 2014 08: 26
    +12
    With whom are they now fighting that so many drug addicts and homosexuals have divorced in Europe?
    1. smile
      smile 12 May 2014 11: 22
      +10
      svskor80
      With morality. morality and meaningful sense ... but in general - with people ... normal people ... well, as beautiful women were burned earlier, those who remained human are now being harassed. We, too, by the way. also relate to those with whom they are fighting ....

      But in general, why would the European people not force the cat Vaska in the court of law to spoil the cat wherever he gets, not to condemn the pig Fedka for life for impudent resemblance to some people, not to hang a small fly for hanging around, and not to make the mosquito Petka spit back to the citizens who had previously drunk the blood .... :)))) The law is the law! .... and there is no limit to human adyism .... :)))
      1. schizophrenic
        schizophrenic 12 May 2014 16: 41
        +3
        Constant distraction, therefore, the need for trials of animals, when a person believes that it is not his fault, then he finds the guilty. The West in this matter violated all facets of morality and the result is visible now.
        1. Walking
          Walking 12 May 2014 19: 24
          +4
          Some obscurantism.
  2. e_krendel
    e_krendel 12 May 2014 08: 33
    +17
    Well, what to take from them ... Poor and brainless, and still think of themselves as "lights of the civilized world", and all the rest - savages and barbarians.
    1. KuigoroZHIK
      KuigoroZHIK 12 May 2014 10: 48
      +7
      I agree! The current "elites" from Europa are worthy of their ancestors. And I kept thinking: where did today's idiocy come from in their brains? And the answer is simple - he never left there.
  3. Aslan
    Aslan 12 May 2014 08: 38
    +6
    Now I am not surprised why the bearded half-dub half-man wins Eurovision.
  4. Neo1982
    Neo1982 12 May 2014 08: 43
    0
    perhaps by spreading the plague through the killing of cats, the elite struggled with overpopulation ...
    1. smile
      smile 12 May 2014 11: 30
      +4
      Neo1982
      Well, yes, well, yes, sometimes they got to the point that cities were dying out to the last person and countries were losing up to two-thirds of the population .... :)))) And this very "elite" was dying just like simple servos ... ...
      But seriously - your assumption is wrong 0 at that time did not know that fleas were carriers of the plague .... for and why fight with your population? Indeed, in this case, the weakening of the state and the unpleasant revival of the neighbors are inevitable - if they themselves do not take a break ... The plague has always been accompanied by wild riots, riots, a monstrous senseless massacre of all against everyone and the practical complete loss of power by the "elite" even having the ability to run the state ... and this very "elite" changed very quickly during such periods ...
  5. HUMANOID
    HUMANOID 12 May 2014 08: 45
    +6
    Civilization damn lol
  6. bomg.77
    bomg.77 12 May 2014 08: 55
    +7
    And I think that they are all such morons. request It turns out that they have long
    1. smile
      smile 12 May 2014 11: 31
      +1
      bomg.77
      Pralna - natural selection - the most agile, vile and ... legally literate survive ... :)))
  7. okunevich_rv
    okunevich_rv 12 May 2014 09: 24
    +3
    It is a sin to laugh at the wretched :)
  8. Starshina wmf
    Starshina wmf 12 May 2014 09: 30
    +9
    . Funny, but sorry for the cats.
  9. mithridate
    mithridate 12 May 2014 09: 38
    +3
    general degeneration
  10. blizart
    blizart 12 May 2014 09: 44
    0
    "Hammer of Witches" from "Razor's Edge" -Efremov. This is where high population density leads. In short; "The prelongomena of science - the victory of reason over the sersaparilla."
  11. iConst
    iConst 12 May 2014 10: 11
    +4
    In the process, the transition of geyrops from one senility to another is a permanent state. They are otherwise bored: boogers, cats, World War I ...
    So they are experimenting (I would say - they are excreting) ...
  12. washi
    washi 12 May 2014 10: 13
    +4
    They simply considered animals equal to themselves, which, in general, is correct. (or yourself equal to animals, which is more correct)
  13. Evgeniy-111
    Evgeniy-111 12 May 2014 10: 16
    +1
    Can't be treated?
    1. 52
      52 12 May 2014 16: 06
      +1
      Yields, a colleague, for the "trunk" to the bell tower and from there to the fire, without a parachute. If he survives, to the gallows. Well, something like that, the recipe for the treatment of the Eropians is very ancient, you can't remember everything.
  14. goody
    goody 12 May 2014 10: 41
    +2
    Vasya "It's just that they considered animals equal to themselves, which, in general, is correct. (or themselves equal to animals, which is more correct)" What did you displease with animals, that you are comparing Europeans and animals. Here is a comparison with a bush-camera, it puts everything in its place ...
  15. nikcris
    nikcris 12 May 2014 10: 44
    +3
    What does the Europe of the Middle Ages have to do with it? Lovely and deeply enlightened residents of the United States were doing this a hundred years ago. And with amazing ingenuity. And they arranged the "electrostool" and hung the elephant with a crane. lol
    1. inkass_98
      inkass_98 12 May 2014 11: 32
      +5
      Quote: nikcris
      Lovely and deeply enlightened residents of the United States were engaged in this a hundred years ago.

      It’s funny for you, but in the United States last week a dog was sentenced to life for biting a child, well - just bit, not cripple. Moreover, the dog was domestic. Well, the dog is guilty (although the mistress of the dog is much more guilty, she could not raise animals normally). So - life imprisonment in prison (!) With castration. Why castrate a dog doomed to stay the rest of his life in prison is unknown.
      And then you are talking about the Middle Ages here - but here it is, everything is nearby.
      1. iConst
        iConst 12 May 2014 11: 54
        0
        Quote: inkass_98
        Why castrate a dog doomed to stay the rest of his life in prison is unknown.

        What do you mean why? From "humanity" - a dog will sit and dream about the opposite (and maybe about his own - gay ideas are contagious) field, suffer with hormones. laughing
    2. Vlad Kukuev
      Vlad Kukuev 12 May 2014 12: 04
      +2
      100 years...? And the day before - a dog - to castration and life ...
    3. Alex
      Alex 10 July 2014 16: 50
      +2
      Quote: nikcris
      Lovely and deeply enlightened residents of the United States were engaged in this a hundred years ago.

      So these poor in their historical development have lagged behind, and now they will catch up.
  16. slaventi
    slaventi 12 May 2014 11: 02
    +4
    It would be better if the hammocks were thrown off the kalakol than the poor cats, albeit artificial ones.
    1. iConst
      iConst 12 May 2014 11: 58
      +1
      Quote: slaventi
      It would be better if the hammocks were thrown off the kalakol than the poor cats, albeit artificial ones.

      But only in pairs and so that holding hands ...
      The kindness of man is boundless ... laughing
    2. Valentine77 64
      Valentine77 64 21 May 2014 18: 36
      0
      These ... secs have always lived among us. But would live and live, rub each other would.
      And they would not stick out, so no, they want publicity.
      This is why normal men and women hate them, and this is why homophobia appears. I used to be somehow "on the drum" on them.
      Even there were good friends from among them. No, they ruined everything. And close the topic about the end of the Kalbaskins and other turbidity.
  17. EvilLion
    EvilLion 12 May 2014 12: 38
    +1
    Religion = insanity.
  18. ARS56
    ARS56 12 May 2014 12: 44
    +1
    Quote: svskor80
    With whom are they now fighting that so many drug addicts and homosexuals have divorced in Europe?

    Who does NOT fight - those divorced and unmeasured. The rest of them are illegal.
  19. nnz226
    nnz226 12 May 2014 13: 04
    +3
    As they were CEREALS, so they remained, these "enlightened" Europeans
  20. lexxxus
    lexxxus 12 May 2014 14: 46
    0
    It is a pity that it ended so at the wrong time ... The real candidate is a monkey from the White House
  21. Budilnik
    Budilnik 12 May 2014 19: 50
    +1
    A nice touch to the portrait of Europe ...
  22. Bashkaus
    Bashkaus 12 May 2014 20: 37
    +1
    Interesting and informative)))
  23. Russian jacket
    Russian jacket 13 May 2014 06: 53
    +1
    Informative. And who after that the barbarians, Russians who did not know the Inquisition, or gay men with Bartholomew’s night and other memorable dates of the massacre of heretics ... hi
  24. Alex_Zlat
    Alex_Zlat 13 May 2014 07: 33
    0
    Yes, they have long been crazy crazy. The entire geyropu must be closed in a psychiatric hospital for treatment. And lately, schizophrenia has been progressing! Do not delay the treatment ...
  25. fktrcfylhn61
    fktrcfylhn61 13 May 2014 20: 18
    0
    This is all in their blood !!! And remember the Catholic mother, and even more blessed!
  26. Alex
    Alex 10 July 2014 18: 52
    +3
    And these people will still teach us civilization! ..
  27. BM-13
    BM-13 10 July 2014 23: 08
    +3
    Some wildness!