Military Review

Independence in Kyrgyzstan failed. The United States could not shake the political situation in the republic

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Independence in Kyrgyzstan failed. The United States could not shake the political situation in the republicHaving got stuck in the Ukrainian crisis, which clearly went wrong, as was expected in Washington, the United States decided to defocus Russia's attention by organizing riots in other CIS countries. One of them was Kyrgyzstan, vulnerable to external intervention due to the weakness of the economy, social instability, as well as a softer political regime compared to other Central Asian countries.


The National Opposition Movement “The Patriotic Forces of Kyrgyzstan”, which claims the status of a united opposition, became the strike force of the United States. A new opposition movement was created on February 12 at a meeting of leaders of opposition political parties. It includes many “professional” oppositionists - Melis Myrzakmatov, who heads the party “Uluttar Birimdigi”, Omurbek Suvanaliev, Kamchybek Tashiev, Azimbek Beknazarov, as well as the “People’s Democratic Party of Kyrgyzstan” headed by Artur Medetbekov. Many of them have successfully “fought” with the political regime in Kyrgyzstan for more than a decade. The presentation of the movement took place on February 26 - almost simultaneously with the most acute phase of the “Ukrainian revolution”, which ended with the overthrow of V. Yanukovich.

The leader of the New Opposition Movement, Ravshan Jeenbekov (in the photo), outlined three of his main goals: restoring the constitution, completely broken by President A. Atambayev, who actually turned the republic from parliamentary to presidential, strengthening parliamentarism and fighting authoritarianism. “We believe that in four years the president did not do anything,” said R. Jeenbekov, “his promises and our hopes melt away like spring snow, power merges with crime, this was evident in Saruu and in Osh when there were attempts to dump Melis Myrzakmatov from the post of mayor. Having created a new movement, we will oppose the regime and offer our vision of the country's development. ” Kyrgyzstan is struggling with authoritarianism almost since the collapse of the USSR. The republic has already become the leader among the CIS countries in terms of the number of revolutions, twice (2005 and 2010) sending the retirement of the current presidents through a violent change of power. The united opposition apparently decided not to forget the old traditions.

Against the background of general declarative goals, much more interesting are the specific projects with which the New Opposition Movement intends to work. As Ravshan Dzheenbekov himself explained to 26 in February, these include fighting the plans of the current leadership of Kyrgyzstan to join the Customs Union and the largest investment project implemented with the help of foreign companies - the Kumtor gold mine. “For the CU, the president sells all strategic facilities, and the question of Kumtor should be decided in a referendum in general, he explained,“ In general, we propose denouncing the agreement with Kumtor and starting new negotiations. ” Both projects pose a clear threat to the economic security of Kyrgyzstan.

Kumtor is one of the largest taxpayers producing the lion’s share of GDP, and refusal to participate in Eurasian integration threatens the republic with economic isolation, and becoming China’s economic protectorate, which is actively developing the Kyrgyz market.

The first test of the forces of the New Opposition Movement took place on April 10, when rallies were simultaneously held in the largest cities of Kyrgyzstan. They were small in scale. In Bishkek, about 1 thousand people came to the rally, in the southern capital - Osh - 150 people, in Jalal-Abad - about 400 people. The rally in Bishkek was over for dinner. Speaking with the “final” speech, R. Jeenbekov said: “We must show the authorities what a peaceful rally is ... They tried to prevent us from holding a rally, but, nevertheless, it took place. If we are not heard, then next time we will gather as many, even more people. ” In fact, the situation could not be shaken, and the leaders of the united opposition were forced to dissolve the crowd. About 200 people were detained by Kyrgyz security forces, but all of them were released after prophylactic conversations. According to R. Jeenbekov himself, 500 thousand soms were spent on organizing the rally. Where such funds came from, he did not explain.

Some methods of political struggle were clearly borrowed from Ukrainian colleagues. However, the authorities were obviously ready for this, trying to neutralize the most active oppositionists, while simultaneously conducting explanatory work among the population. Thus, in Bishkek, the Ministry of Internal Affairs officers detained a group of militants who wanted to attract the attention of citizens and interfered with the normal work of institutions, enterprises, organizations and educational institutions of the city. Medical masks and slingshots were found in some bags. According to the Kyrgyz news agency 24.kg, “around 20-25 young men in medical masks arrived in Karakol, but they dispersed after conducting explanatory conversations”.

To mobilize the protesters, the organizers of the protests tried to make full use of the specifics of Kyrgyzstan - the presence of strong clan (tribal) ties. According to the press service of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Kyrgyzstan, among the protesters were residents of the village of Saruu, who were renowned for protesting the arrest of their fellow villager in early February of this year, organized a rally and blocked the highway Balykchy - Karakol. Saruu is a Kyrgyz tribe of the left wing (among the Kirghiz there is a characteristic division of the tribes into right, left and center), whose representatives live in Talas, Jalal-Abad regions and Saruy aiyl district of Dzheti-Oguz district of Issyk-Kul region. R. Jeenbekov himself was born in Talas oblast, who attracted his fellow tribesmen to participate in the rallies.

It is noteworthy that in December of last year, R. Jeenbekov himself passed the "practice" on the Kiev Maidan, where he addressed the protesters and declared their full support.

“One gets the impression that backstage inspirers of Euromaidan announced some kind of general gathering in Kiev,” the Kyrgyz newspaper Delo No.… wrote in this connection to December 19 in December, in particular, ex-President of Georgia Mikhail Saakashivili, former Prime Minister of Poland Jaroslav Kaczynski, acting Foreign Minister of Lithuania Linas Linkiavicius. Large caliber players looked out from behind the scenes - for example, US Undersecretary of State Victoria Nuland and, finally, one of the main Washington hawks - Senator John McCain ... Well, Ravshan Jeenbekov was the only representative of Kyrgyzstan in this brigade. To whom, as far as we know, in Washington, they have predicted (and, perhaps, are still being chosen) for the role of “Kyrgyz Saakashvili”.

The authorities tried to conduct a dialogue with ordinary participants in the rallies. The plenipotentiary representative of the government in the Jalal-Abad region, Jusupzhan Jeenbekov, for example, stated that “we had a dialogue with the protesters, not confrontation”. “It is possible to demand a change of power only in a constitutional way,” he noted, “There is a president, a parliament elected by the majority of the population. Want to change? There are elections to this. ” The deep political crisis that Ukraine found itself in was clearly a good lesson for Kyrgyzstan. According to D. Jeenbekov: “People are watching TV, they see what Ukraine has come to, which may soon simply disappear from the world map. We need to preserve unity, the country. I talk about this during meetings with the population. Just the other day I visited three districts, listened to the demands, opinions, requests of people. Will be working. Now not to rallies. Spring field work is in full swing. ” To remove social tensions, the authorities are taking practical measures, allocating almost three times more preferential loans for farmers this year.

The Americans preferred to disown from the support of the New Opposition Movement. On April 3, Assistant Secretary of State for South and Central Asia Nisha Bisval stated that “the United States does not favor any political party, does not support or finance anyone,” since their goal is to support democratic processes and build a democratic society in Kyrgyzstan.

At the same time, the next visit of the American diplomat to the republic oddly coincided with the meetings organized by the united opposition.
According to the US Embassy in Kyrgyzstan, on April X, April 11, Assistant Secretary of State for Public Relations Dag Franz visited Bishkek, and the next day - Osh. He had no official meetings and negotiations with high-ranking officials. But Doug Franz met with representatives of the government, civil society, journalists, discussed with them the role of social networks, and also read several lectures for students. The mention of social networks is far from coincidental, since they became one of the main tools for organizing the “Arab Spring” and the Ukrainian crisis.

Meanwhile, the pro-American nature of the activities of the New Opposition Movement still lies. So, 10 of April “Fergana.ru”, covering the rally in Bishkek, reported that among the protesters “Part of them are holding the flags of Kyrgyzstan. There are also posters with the inscription “Atambaev, hands off“ Manas ”. For the preservation of the American military base in Kyrgyzstan, it was Ravshan Jeenbekov who was persistently speaking. February 4 on the Russian-language Kyrgyz Internet resource "Gezitter.org" published his article "Six reasons to leave the base", in which he thoroughly argued the need to preserve the American military presence in the republic. The main reasons why Kyrgyzstan should maintain the base in Manas, he considered the possibility of obtaining rent, jobs for local residents, maintaining partnership with the United States and the security problem, which would be threatened after the Americans left Afghanistan. Moreover, according to him, the American base from Mansai can simply migrate to one of the neighboring states of Central Asia, and Kyrgyzstan will simply lose in the competition for American money.

It is interesting that in relation to Russia R. Jeenbekov expressed directly opposite views. 10 of March “Fergana.ru” published his material entitled “Political Replica’s Replica: On Military Security in Central Asia”. Analyzing the military-political situation in the region, he “refutes” the common myth about the Chinese threat, claiming that “...история suggests that the PRC did not observe aggression, attempts to forcibly seize even a meter of our lands, and the threat to our integrity and sovereignty was not observed either. ” The countries of the West are not dangerous either, since "... none of the European countries or America, did not send in their troops and did not threaten the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the Central Asian states."

Russia, in the opinion of R. Jeenbekov, is not a friendly country either for Kyrgyzstan or for other countries in the region.

Since it "... under the pretext of protecting the interests of the Russian-speaking population ... interfered in the internal affairs of its neighbors and actually seized foreign territories, thereby violating the international principle of territorial integrity and sovereignty of states." As the Russian threat “is approaching our borders every day”, “Central Asian countries need to start a regional dialogue to search for guarantees of the inviolability of our borders, to revise the concepts of national security and foreign policy priorities in view of this risk.”

Against this background, April 10 rallies look like just a test of strength, during which organizational, financial, and logistic schemes for provoking riots were worked out. It is not by chance that right after the end of the rally, R. Jeenbekov told journalists that “the opposition took the first step, held a mass meeting and voiced its demands,” and now there will be no meetings at least for a month. Through 3 - 4 weeks, the New Opposition Movement plans to offer the authorities an alternative development program for the country, the main goal of which is to make the republic fully parliamentary. In the conditions of Kyrgyzstan, which already suffers from chronic socio-political instability and social problems, the implementation of this scenario will almost inevitably lead to a loss of controllability and the final collapse of statehood. The struggle between the northern, southern elites and various groups within them, as well as the poverty of the population, before whose eyes they twice overthrew the existing presidents, will create a situation of political and economic chaos. However, as the experience of Ukraine shows, this does not contradict the interests of the United States, which the prospects of Kyrgyzstan, like other countries of the region, are of little interest.
Author:
Originator:
http://www.stoletie.ru/zarubejie/majdan_v_kirgizii_ne_udalsa_194.htm
39 comments
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  1. johnsnz
    johnsnz April 30 2014 14: 07
    +23
    Mattresses, do not trifle !!! Blow right away to arrange Maidan in China! And we are smiling laughing
    1. skrgar
      skrgar April 30 2014 14: 17
      +11
      Quote: johnsnz
      Mattresses, do not trifle !!! Blow right away to arrange Maidan in China! And we are smiling laughing

      So they could try to start there? - And no one else saw them ..)))
    2. Gomunkul
      Gomunkul April 30 2014 14: 22
      +8
      Mattresses, do not trifle !!! Blow right away to arrange Maidan in China!
      It’s better to let them arrange it in their home in Fashington, then we’ll really smile. Got this touring circus! hi
      1. Baikal
        Baikal April 30 2014 14: 24
        +12
        In fact, the idea is in the air. It’s time to transfer the field of activity to the enemy’s booth.
        Use internal tension in the USA, referendum in Mesik ...
    3. The comment was deleted.
    4. strannik595
      strannik595 April 30 2014 14: 24
      +6
      Blow right away to arrange Maidan in China!
      ....... There is no Golden Eagle there, but there are tankers ready to execute any order of the Communist Party of China ............ Tanks on the Tien-An-Myn Square (Gate of Heavenly Peace), Beijing, 1989 ........... we crush everyone at once, funny not will be
    5. asar
      asar April 30 2014 17: 19
      +1
      Well, yes, set up a camp on Tan'anmen Square: tents, a pigsty ...! And then the reaction of the Chinese authorities will follow! I think they will not "chew snot"! wassat
  2. gandalf
    gandalf April 30 2014 14: 18
    +8
    Central Asia is getting smarter. Gaining experience of statehood. Even faster than Ukraine! wink

    The USA is somewhere far away ... A glass of water will not give, a piece of sugar will not put. And Russia is near ...
    1. blackberry
      blackberry April 30 2014 17: 46
      +4
      Quote: gandalf
      Central Asia is getting smarter. Gaining experience of statehood. Even faster than Ukraine! wink

      The USA is somewhere far away ... A glass of water will not give, a piece of sugar will not put. And Russia is near ...

      Poor Osh had his fill, and it was not so long ago. It is bad that Kyrgyz officials met with Clinton lackeys - it seems that the amount of Euro-American loans has gone beyond the critical threshold. We need an alternative refinance, and not from the position of "creep up like cute", but at least with the same rates, or help in choosing an alternative. Even tactically it will be beneficial. And over a long period, children have both eyes and memory, and two generations are already 60 years old.
    2. kare
      kare April 30 2014 19: 37
      0
      Speech of the person who announced the award for the head of Kolomoisky
      Not YouTube, so copy to browser
      https://www.facebook.com/home.php?clk_loc=5
  3. Deadmen
    Deadmen April 30 2014 14: 19
    +6
    America is getting funnier and funnier)) is rapidly losing weight and respect. Already almost everyone has gone boggling, but apparently there’s not enough to fall to the baseboard yet where we are waiting for the next impotent attempts of striped chicken.
    1. Evil Pole
      Evil Pole April 30 2014 15: 04
      +8
      I told my daughter today that she lives in the Great Epoch, and she looks at me and rejoices, does not understand her for only a year and a half ... Oh, if only there was no war!
      1. kush62
        kush62 April 30 2014 16: 25
        +3
        I told my daughter today that she lives in the Great Epoch, and she looks at me and rejoices, does not understand her for only a year and a half ... Oh, if only there was no war!

        Even the evil polecat wants good for his daughter. For their sake (children) and live.
  4. Baikal
    Baikal April 30 2014 14: 19
    +2
    As the coach said, when they could no longer do push-ups: "Eh, mattress-mattress, give me at least once ..."
    Something the chip does not lie with the Americans)
  5. mig31
    mig31 April 30 2014 14: 20
    +5
    The agony of the State Department, it’s impossible to beat forever insolent ...
  6. gandalf
    gandalf April 30 2014 14: 20
    +7
    The head of the Kyrgyz government, Joomart Otorbaev, who arrived in Moscow on a working visit, said that the development of a “road map” for his country's accession to the Customs Union was almost completed.


    The countries are reaching for Russia. Magnetism works. good

    Contrary to physics, only Hollywood can ... laughing
  7. Ulairy
    Ulairy April 30 2014 14: 21
    +3
    US decided to defocus Russia's attention
    I thought that only babies suffer from vision defocus, and children up to 2nd grade suffer from attention ... Hey SS! (I, in the sense - Stripes & Stars, and not what they think here))) You forgot the story ?! Kyrgyzstan has already had its fill of war on April 6-7 on the 10th! She, poor thing, had enough "for the ghlands".
  8. nika407
    nika407 April 30 2014 14: 21
    +2
    I hope I have enough intelligence to prevent what is happening in Ukraine. In Kumtor, Canadians at least provided jobs, now they seem to be leaving.
  9. Giant thought
    Giant thought April 30 2014 14: 22
    +5
    Every day is not Sunday.
  10. guran
    guran April 30 2014 14: 24
    +3
    It's time to rock the States. Not all of them others to play on. America is also a problem. Blacks are white, poor states are rich states. Mexicans. Puerto Ricans. They are not even able to control their border with Mexico.
    1. kush62
      kush62 April 30 2014 16: 28
      +1
      It's time to rock the States. Not all of them others to play on. America is also a problem. Blacks are white, poor states are rich states. Mexicans. Puerto Ricans. They are not even able to control their border with Mexico.

      Our RT (Rush Tudey) is slowly rocking. Not all there.
  11. Karen
    Karen April 30 2014 14: 25
    +6
    how these amerikosy got crap everywhere and everyone ...
  12. 51064
    51064 April 30 2014 14: 26
    +2
    Kyrgyzstan, if it had become a country of controlled chaos, it would have greatly contributed to the further implementation of the overseas strategy of creating an instability belt around Russia. At the same time, there is less chance of strengthening the TS and drug trafficking is undermining Russia, plus not far off is that Afghanistan can get on its own and then the Mujahideen will stretch to the north - and then there is weak Tajikistan and a weakening Kyrgyzstan.
  13. mackonya
    mackonya April 30 2014 14: 33
    +2
    In Kyrgyzstan it will be much more difficult to carry out, because as there is a Russian base and Kyrgyzstan is included in different "blocs".
  14. Arh
    Arh April 30 2014 14: 33
    +2
    Looks like Kyrgyzstan Smarter !!!)))
  15. mamont5
    mamont5 April 30 2014 14: 39
    +3
    "Maidan in Kyrgyzstan failed. The United States could not shake up the political situation in the republic"

    That's all, the states lack the strength and ability to do dirty tricks all over the world at the same time.
  16. Gagarin
    Gagarin April 30 2014 14: 45
    +5
    When will such unrest reach the people of New York?
    I am sure there is oppression of black people there, people need help.
    Donbass and I, if we bring cookies to the barricades, the debt is red by payment.
    1. yulka2980
      yulka2980 April 30 2014 14: 53
      +2
      Amerov has more appetites, if only to eat hamburgers or hot dogs laughing Only something needs to be added there wink
  17. xbhxbr-777
    xbhxbr-777 April 30 2014 14: 57
    -2
    What is Kyrgyzstan? More than half are the territories of Uzbekistan where ethnic Uzbeks still live, this is their land, their homeland, they have the right to live there for centuries, and the Kyrgyz tribes have come, so Uzbekistan needs to take its lands and the revolution in Kyrgyzstan will end !
    1. Humpty
      Humpty April 30 2014 16: 18
      0
      According to the Kyrgyz, they have been living on the said territory for at least 1000 years, according to other sources about 500 years. Nothing else has been confirmed by anything tangible. But historical science turns out to be harmful to some. Uzbeks, or rather conditional Uzbeks, because it’s such a hodgepodge that some of them may pass for Maldovan, others are pronounced Mongoloids. On the territory of Kyrgyzstan in the past who just did not live, from Armenians to Chinese. Kyrgyz, or rather conditional Kyrgyz, is not so difficult to understand who is of origin - these are Turkized Mongols and Turks with a large admixture of Mongols. There are no scientifically substantiated direct connections with medieval Kyrgyz from Siberia.
      Neither the Uzbeks nor the Kirghiz had any idea about the conception parts of this land. More or less losing maps of the area appeared in the fifties of the 20th century. Fat blunders on the maps were found even in the 70s.
  18. TekhnarMAF
    TekhnarMAF April 30 2014 15: 06
    +3
    I run the risk of getting "sanctions" from site visitors, but it seems that the State Department has decided to restore the USSR. And he will achieve this! The "lower ranks" of states are not as stupid as the "geo-educators" think, Ukraine has already shown this!
  19. Rerih42rus
    Rerih42rus April 30 2014 15: 11
    +3
    R. Dzheenbekov must be extinguished !!!! In my town a lot of Kyrgyz are trading, and everything is quieter than water, lower than grass. I would not say that they speak poorly about Russians !!! Dzheeenbekova sows trouble!
  20. Humpty
    Humpty April 30 2014 15: 29
    +3
    They fought at the rally without sharing free sandwiches. That is the whole result.
  21. ZSP
    ZSP April 30 2014 15: 31
    +2
    I understand
    Quote: 51064
    creating an instability belt around Russia.
    the goal, of course, and you need to act - well, what is so clumsy, because in pin.dosii whole institutions are engaged in the management of the masses, and still the rod is like crazy, we strain our memory all the exacerbations of the peaceful demonstration in Kiev took place after attending this event by amerov's leaders that we see in Kyrgyzstan, the same ... and the actions of the "holding power" in the southeast of Ukraine are similar ...
    Are they really eating hamburgers or something ...
    To whom they blow in:

    The Americans preferred to disown from the support of the New Opposition Movement. On April 3, Assistant Secretary of State for South and Central Asia Nisha Bisval stated that “the United States does not favor any political party, does not support or finance anyone,” since their goal is to support democratic processes and build a democratic society in Kyrgyzstan.
  22. Minaco
    Minaco April 30 2014 15: 33
    +2
    Ipanuty are not at rest, then one thing is another. request
    1. kush62
      kush62 April 30 2014 16: 31
      +2
      There are no rest for the Ipanuts
      one thing another
      Then slamming under the tail, then lice
      US Builds Everybody
  23. The comment was deleted.
  24. Free Island
    Free Island April 30 2014 17: 39
    +1
    in general, about the United States, the saying "Greed has ruined the frayer" is very relevant ... they wanted to grab everywhere, bite off, bite, take away, take away, introduce, introduce ... and choke ... now they sit, bumps walk on their backs ... no matter how they can't burp ... an international Big Mac in their mouth
  25. With Petrovsky
    With Petrovsky April 30 2014 18: 05
    +1
    Knit them in jail too. Then build roads. Americanos stiffened.
  26. Aydin
    Aydin April 30 2014 18: 08
    +4
    First, Humpty, tell me please, where do not conventional, pure peoples live? Since at the present time there are no longer such "conventional" peoples, everywhere is a hodgepodge. And as for the opposition rallies in the Kyrgyz Republic, they completely failed, the people have already understood who they are, these "Oppositionists". Jeenbekov is involved in the collapse of industry in the republic, it is with him that all strategic objects were privatized, he himself also snatched a lot of money. Now he has left for America - to report to his masters. In the so-called rallies, there is no longer such excitement, mostly people just came to see. There are a bunch of activists, for them it's just business.
  27. siberalt
    siberalt April 30 2014 18: 44
    0
    Late in their minds to unite the fifth column. If you have already shown your mug in Ukraine. By the way, if you noticed, then by May 9, our media got sick of advertising on the fight against the Colorado beetles painted the color of St. George’s ribbon. These bastards are everywhere! am
  28. valentina-makanalina
    valentina-makanalina April 30 2014 19: 07
    0
    In addition to the political aspect, there is also an economic sense embedded in these color revolutions in Kyrgyzstan. Whoever comes to power will come to us anyway. GIVE!. Well, of course, we will. And then as they say: understand and forgive.
  29. Rohon
    Rohon April 30 2014 20: 01
    0
    Glad for the Kirghiz, Amerov’s URDs broke off ...
  30. Ajent cho
    Ajent cho April 30 2014 23: 15
    0
    Quite often I go to Kyrgyzstan from the 90s, I have been there at different times and different relationships between nations. Mostly talked with ordinary people. So, recently, young people have been teaching 2 languages: Russian and Chinese, somewhere equally. Most likely, English is also taught, but not necessarily.
    Conclusion: arrogant to them.
  31. SPS33
    SPS33 2 May 2014 05: 00
    0
    Well, it would be better if they were silent; guest workers fill the country's budget up to 50%. To throw them all home, let’s see that these lovers of licking the US ass will sing, having got a million-strong army of the unemployed who are not able to feed their families. And deprived of the same opportunity thanks to the shit-democrats.