Without realizing the inner foundations of this global, in fact, process, it is difficult to count on an adequate response in its particular manifestations, and also, what is more important, on an adequate policy of Russia in the intervals between them.
It's not about Ukraine
In this case, no matter how offensive it was for Ukrainians, it’s not about them, not about Ukraine. It just turned out that at this point in time Ukraine has become the field of the next confrontation between the West and Russia.
The confrontation of the West with Russia is exactly the “invisible process” that has been going on for the last few centuries and sometimes “spills out” in the form of hot and cold wars, ideological and economic opposition of the USSR / Russia and the West, dividing Poland or, most likely, and will happen, the division of Ukraine ...
History last centuries allows us to put forward a hypothesis: as soon as the common border of the united West with Russia provides him with sufficient operational space, he, the West, crosses this border and begins a war with Russia. So it was in 1812, and in 1941. To make sure that, for example, almost all of Europe was with Hitler, it is enough to note the number of warriors taken prisoner by the Red / Soviet Army in the 1941-45 years and indicate their nationality. So, the Germans were taken prisoner ~ 2 390 000, ~ Hungarians X 514HXTxHeks, ру000 Romanians ~ ~, Romanians ~ 187000, ~ Poles ~ 157, 000 Czechs and Slovaks, ~ 70 000 ~ Poles, ~ 60 Austrians, ~ 000 49 Czechs and Slovaks, ~ 000 22 Poles, ~ 000 Austrians, ~ 23 000 Czechs and Slovaks, ~ 14 000 Poles, ~ 10 000 Czechs and Slovaks 5 000 French, ~ 2 000 Moldovans, ~ 2 000 Jews, ~ 2 000 Dutch, ~ XNUMX XNUMX Finns, ~ XNUMX XNUMX Belgians, ~ XNUMX XNUMX Luxemburgans, and I’m already, and I’m already, and I’m already, and I’m already, I’m already, and I’m already, and I’m already, and I’m already, and I’m already, I’m already, I’m already, I’m already, I’m already, I’m already, I’m already, I’m and I’m like, I’m already and I’m a piece and I’m already, and I’m already a question and I’m already, and I’m a piece and I’m already a piece and I’m already a piece and I’m already a piece and I’m already a piece and I’m already a question and I’m already a question and I’m a bit a bit.
But in the first case, and in the second, the axiom "worked" to the full extent: "Russia does not start a war, it ends it." In the first case, she ended the war in Paris in 1814, in the second case - in Berlin in 1945.
Both in 1812 and 1941, Europe was united by force weapons. But you cannot change your “nature”. And now Europe, peacefully united into something whole, again took up the old, expanding the space for NATO in the east. As you know, in the 90 of the last century, Europe promised Russia not to push NATO to the east. Empty! In 1999, Hungary, Poland and the Czech Republic were admitted to NATO, Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia and a number of other countries were admitted to 2004. But this did not yet provide the West with the necessary operational space. Georgia and Ukraine were put on the turn of NATO membership. If this had happened, Russia would, in fact, be taken into ticks, since the European part of Russia and the Urals would have become accessible to Western tactical missile systems.
So far, this idea has not worked with Georgia and Ukraine. But for how long?
The trend, however ...
The current confrontation between the West and Russia is actually the final stage of the “invisible process” noted above. Prior to this, for at least a thousand years there was a struggle between the West and the Slavs.
Slavs ... In the VIII — IX centuries, Slavic tribes settled almost the entire space from the shores of the Southern Baltic (sometimes from Jutland and east) to the Danube, with exits in some areas to the Mediterranean Sea. There were many tribes, genetically, they did not all belong to the same genus — there were Eastern, Western, and Southern Slavs, but in aggregate they represented a certain linguistic-cultural community. The degree of community is evidenced by the fact that even in the XVI century, knowing the Russian language, it is possible, as S. Herberstein noted, to travel relatively freely in many Slavic lands, although already in the VIII century the Slavs began to diverge in terms of language.
But, starting from the 9th century, perhaps earlier, Western Europeans began gradually pushing the Slavs eastward. Now they are practically absent in East Germany, in Pannonia - in the middle reaches of the Danube, in Norik - between the upper course of the Drava and the Danube. When "squeezing" the Slavs to the east, the following methods were used:
- the destruction of recalcitrant;
- forced assimilation.
Destruction of the recalcitrant ... This was most cruelly carried out on the southern coast of the Baltic, where the Germans in the 10th-14th centuries practically destroyed the Slavic tribes of encouragement, Pomorians, Viltses, etc., as well as a tribe of Prussians. The well-known English historian of the 20th century, A. Toynbee, describes (see “The Comprehension of History”) the events of that time: “Otto I [the founder of the Holy Roman Empire in the 962 year] destroyed the Wendians [the generalized name of the Slavs], ... which in stubborn battles lasted two centuries. ... The final victory was achieved by addressing the Vends in Macklenburg in 1161 and the destruction of the recalcitrant in Brandenburg and Meissen. In the XIII-XIV centuries. ... campaigns of the Teutonic knights ensured the advancement of the border of Western Christianity from the Oder line to the Dvina line ... By the end of the XIV century. ... European barbarians ... disappeared from the face of the earth. " With the further advance of the Germans to the east, this practice did not change. As noted by L. Gumilyov (“Our Contemporary”, 1991, # 1), “during the clashes of Russians with German crusaders in the Baltic, the Germans, capturing the city, turned the local population - Latvians and Estonians - into serf slaves, and Russians, including infants , polls hung. " And most recently - during World War II, Western Europeans, led by the Germans, mercilessly destroyed the civilian population of our Motherland: the civilian population was twice as large as on the battlefield.
Forced assimilation ... Of course, when the Slavs were pushed to the east, not all were destroyed. But the conquered created the conditions under which they after a while forgot what kind of tribe they were. The methods were different. For example, the violent Christianization of pagans, the violent imposition of Catholicism in Orthodox lands, the closure of parishes, the closure of schools where instruction was conducted in the native language of the Slavs, the narrowing of the use of the native language for the Slavs, etc.
But the advance of the West to the east is not only the expulsion of the Slavs from “their places” or their forced assimilation. It is also Europeanization or “assimilation” of the Slavic and non-Slavic states of Central and Eastern Europe. An example of "assimilated" states is Poland and the Czech Republic. Most likely, these countries are forever lost to the Slavic world. An example of Europeanized countries of the last draft is the Baltic states. Trying to curry favor with the new masters, they use the whole range of anti-Russian measures with excessive zeal: closing Russian schools, refusing to give the Russian language a state status, although in Latvia the share of Russians is ~ 30%, and in Estonia ~ 20%, etc.
Finally, signs of the emergence of a new Europeanized state — Ukraine — appeared. And again the same tested set of anti-Russian measures: the closure of Russian schools, the failure to give the Russian language the status of the state, the refusal to grant autonomy to a number of areas in which the majority are Russian ...
The question is, what have the Russians? Why has a lot of things been going on in Russia lately? Yes, because at this point in time, Russia is the last bastion of Slavs on Earth: Serbia was bombed in the 1999 year, Belarus is too small. The bastion has been standing for more than one century, taking upon itself the main blows of the West.
The resilience of Russia causes an ineradicable hatred of Western Europeans for it, because this resilience is evidence of their moral weakness.
The origins of the confrontation
Aggressiveness and hate are twin sisters. DNA genealogy, a natural science discipline “born into the world” at the beginning of this millennium, allows us to reveal the deep sources of the marked hatred leading to confrontation between the West and Russia. DNA genealogy is a young science, there are no generally recognized canons in it, there are, of course, punctures, but there are impressive results. Below will be used the results obtained by A. Klesov, which are presented in a number of his articles, as well as in the book “The Origin of Slavs ...” At the same time, in order not to increase the volume of the material, the presentation will be simplified.
One of the main subjects of DNA genealogy research is the Y-chromosome of DNA. From the father, the Y chromosome is “transmitted” only to the son, and, as a rule, unchanged. As a result, the analysis of the Y chromosome mutation allows us to estimate the degree of kinship (along the male line) of both individuals and some communities, as well as the migration routes of these communities over thousands of years. Below through R1a, R1b, I, I1 ..., communities (genus, haplogroup) of people who are close in the degree of mutation of the Y chromosome are indicated.
Modern Western Europeans are mostly descendants of erbins (the genus R1b), while Eastern Slavs are basically descendants of the Aryans (genus R1a). Erbines and arias are genetically close relatives — their common ancestor lived ~ 20 thousands of years ago in Southern Siberia, apparently in the Altai region. After that, the migration paths of the Erbins and the Aryans diverged, but after ~ 15 thousands of years ago, they crossed into Europe. The meeting of genetically close relatives can not be attributed to the friendly.
In the article “Where to find the cradle of European civilization?”, Published in October of 2013, A. Klesov noted the following:
"The genus R1a came to the Balkans about 9 thousands of years ago ... In Europe, carriers of genus I lived long ago ... About 20 thousands of years ago, genus I was divided into genus I1 and I2 ... But there were no wars between R1a and I, in any case, archaeologists this did not find ... It seems that it was a golden time for a peaceful life in Europe.
And then something terrible happened. Almost all [mentioned] haplogroups of the genus from Europe are gone. DNA archeology sees a sharp change in the population of Europe in the 3rd millennium BC. The same sees DNA genealogy, according to which ... the population of Europe is “reset” about 4500 years ago and passes, as the genetics say, “bottle neck of the population”. The haplogroup G2a, the most common in Old Europe, disappeared ... The I1 haplogroup disappeared, the common ancestor of the current I1 carriers throughout Europe, from the Atlantic to the Urals, ... lived only 3400 years ago. Gone ... haplogroup R1a and I2a ...
Haplogroup I2a ... - one part fled to the British Isles, the other to the Danube. It took more than two thousand years, from 4500 to 2300 years ago, for the I2 haplogroup in the Danube region to grow, and began to inhabit Eastern Europe ...
R1a, more precisely, its surviving representatives, fled to the Russian [East European] Plain ...
The only haplogroup that did not die, and, moreover, multiplied ... was the haplogroup R1b [came to Europe 4800 - 4500 years ago] ... For several centuries, the haplogroup R1b populated all of Central and Western Europe. Since then, it remains the most common European haplogroup, and it [now] accounts for about 60% of the male population of Central and Western Europe. This is a significant proportion of Spaniards, Portuguese, Basques, English, Irish, Scots, French, Belgians, Germans. ”
In order to correlate the facts of the distant past noted by A. Klesov with the above, it is necessary to determine the “carriers” of the haplotypes R1a, R1b, I, I1, I2, I2a ... The carriers of the haplotype R1b were noted in the previous paragraph. The carriers of the R1a, I1 and I2 haplotypes in the aggregate are, above all, the Slavs (at that time the Proto-Slavs).
The tragic moments of relations between the genera R1b and R1a noted by A. Klesov confirm archaeological excavations. Thus, in Scandinavia and Germany during the excavation of sites belonging to that distant time, archaeologists often encounter the remains of R1a carriers “with split skulls, and both women and children in their homes”. With bitter irony, A. Klyosov attributes that era, and this is approximately 4 600 years ago, to the “culture of broken skulls”.
As can be seen, the process of confrontation of the West, first with the Slavs, and later with the Russians, began not from the 8th — 9th centuries, but several thousand years BC. And most likely, this confrontation is genetically predetermined.
Again, everything from the beginning?
First, a few words and direct text about some aspects of the "invisible process." A few thousand years ago, Erbins appeared in Europe - talented representatives of the human race, but merciless predators by nature. In the process of reproduction and, of course, resettlement, they destroyed, first of all, men of a different kind, and their genetically close relatives - the carriers of the R1a haplotype and their relatives - were destroyed, often without exception. The first assumption is based on the Basque paradox: men belong mostly to the genus R1b, and the Basque language is not Indo-European, the second is based on the results of archaeological excavations mentioned by A. Klesov.
The specified property of erbines and at a later time repeatedly broke through to the outside. To the examples noted above, we can add the almost total extermination of the Avars by the Franks at the end of the VIII century, the almost all the extermination of the North American Indians by the European settlers in the XVIII-XIX centuries, the extermination of the Tasmanians by the English settlers in the XVIII-XIX centuries. This property of erbins led to monstrous consequences during the Second World War, when in the occupied territories of the Soviet Union, the Europeans, in fact, destroyed 18 of millions of civilians.
Of course, the process of relationship of erbins with other genera, including the genus R1a, was not linear. It is largely accidental, and depending on the case, the “achievements” of the Western Europeans have sometimes been reset. After that - sometimes after centuries - they have to start almost everything from scratch.
For example, the invasion of the Huns in the 5th century and the penetration of plague from North Africa in the 6th led to a significant decrease in the population in Central Europe. Slavic tribes moved to the liberated lands, and the decrease in the number of erbine predators led, in full compliance with the “predator-prey” mathematical models, to a sharp increase in the number of Slavs. As a result, they again settled all the space from the South Baltic to the Mediterranean Sea.
The 6th century is the century of the phenomenon of the Slavs to the so-called “civilized world”. But the civilized world reacted negatively to this phenomenon, and sometimes hysterically. Evidence of this - the works of Western European historians of the time, in which there is practically no positive in relation to the Slavs. However, this is not surprising: we are seeing this today in Europe in relation to the Russians ...
Only after three centuries did the Erbins begin the next attack on the Slavs. Like the first, it was successful, but in the XIV century a plague again struck Europe. Only a few centuries later, having recovered from the misfortune, she, Europe, was again able to go east. As a result, by the 17th century, the West, having destroyed or assimilated the western and a significant part of the Eastern Slavs, moved, figuratively speaking, to Smolensk.
Now the position of Russia in geopolitical terms resembles the situation at the beginning of the 17th century. True, something better, something worse. Therefore, taking into account the thousands of years of prehistory, in the future we will only dream of peace.
The last feature
Constantly, sometimes from the very top of the Russian authorities, we are told that “Russia is a part of Europe” (D. Medvedev, 2011), that “we [Russia] are a European country ...” (D. Medvedev, 2013), etc. .
All this is strange. How can Russia be related to a part of a community whose foreign policy actions lead, as a rule, to chaos and destruction (for example, Iraq, Afghanistan, Libya)? Moreover, how can multinational and multi-confessional Russia be equated with a European country?
In fact, even the civilizational framework is narrow (see the author’s article, “Russian World”, 2007) for Russia. Russia is really “the world”, the Russian world, in which a Russian person is defined not by “blood”, but by spirit.
Probably, for many, such a definition seems unacceptable, but for an outsider it is usually obvious. In confirmation, we present excerpts from the diary (http://www.warandpeace.ru/ru/reports/view/81149/) of a German soldier who participated in the assault on Stalingrad in 1942:
“October 1. Our assault battalion went to the Volga. More precisely, to the Volga still meters 500. Tomorrow we will be on the other side, and the war is over.
3 October. Very strong fire resistance, we can not overcome these 500 meters. We stand on the border of a grain elevator.
6 October. Damn grain elevator. It is impossible to approach him. Our losses exceeded 30%.
10 October. Where do these Russians come from? The elevator is no longer there, but every time we approach it, there is a fire coming out of the ground.
15 October. Hooray, we overcame the elevator. From our battalion left 100 people. It turned out that the elevator defended the 18 Russians, we found the 18 corpses ”(in the German division the battalion numbered 800 — 900 people).
Who are these 18 guys by nationality? There is hardly an answer, but for the German soldier and for the author they are Russians.
The unity of the peoples of the East European Plain and Siberia into something whole is an amazing, great achievement of the Russian person by blood. After all, at first it was not so. For example, when Grand Duke Ivan III negotiated with Novgorod about joining Muscovy in 1477, Novgorod asked (see V. Klyuchevsky, “Russian History”) that the Grand Duke did not send Novgorod to serve in “Nizovskaya Land” . A century later, during the agony of Kazan Khanate, the Volga peoples — Cheremis, Mordovians and Chuvash — beat the Russian tsar with the brow of the Russian tsar about accepting them into Russian citizenship, but, as noted in the chronicle, they asked the Russian tsar to “not fight them” ".
Brest, Sevastopol, and Stalingrad showed that the situation has fundamentally changed compared with the centuries-old prescription. Therefore, if the enemy crosses the line near Smolensk, he will certainly meet with a Russian man ...