According to the leaders of the Pentagon, destabilizing the situation in Ukraine and annexing the Crimea, Russia, acting in complete disagreement with the norms of international law, poses a huge threat to world and regional security. The current situation requires substantial adjustments to the paradigm of relations between the Kremlin and the White House. The leadership of the US DOD insists that the Ukrainian crisis was not initiated by America, its European allies and partners. The main culprit of what is happening is the top ranks of the military department, as well as the politicians of Washington, consider the Russian leadership, which, according to their statements, seeks to realize their interests in this country and to seize sovereign Ukrainian territories. The Kremlin, the US military believes, should fully pay for its policy.
April 8 in the Committee on the Armed Forces of the House of Representatives (CSPP) of the US Congress passed a hearing entitled "Russia's military actions and their strategic implications." The Pentagon’s leadership on the Ukrainian issue at the hearings was outlined by Derek Chollet, Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs, and Vice Admiral Frank Pendolf, Director for Strategic Plans and Policies of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (OKNSH).
In their conversation with parliamentarians, high-ranking officials of the Defense Ministry and the OKNSH assessed the allegedly forceful intentions of the Russian government to resolve the Ukrainian crisis, and also showed what measures the military department was taking in the conditions of the White House’s implementation of the Ukrainian scenario.
As Chollet noted, Russia's illegal military intervention challenges “America and its vision of Europe as a free and peaceful part of the planet.” Moscow’s actions, in his deep conviction, lead to a violation of the established security system of European states, undermine the stability of the borders of the NATO member countries and destabilize the situation in the world as a whole.
From the very beginning of the development of the crisis situation in Ukraine, Washington has demonstrated its full support for its transitional government. The White House gave guarantees to allies and partners of the United States in Europe to ensure their security and prevent a military threat from Russia, and also took measures to counter the allegedly illegal actions of the Kremlin in the region and to curtail political, economic, military and scientific cooperation with the Russian Federation. In achieving the objectives of the implementation of each of these three areas, as the assistant head of the Pentagon stressed, the Ministry of Defense plays a crucial role.
Actions to stabilize the situation in Ukraine, the US military-political leadership conducts in close cooperation with many organizations, including the International Monetary Fund, the UN, the European Union and the G-7. All US actions are aimed at overcoming the transition period and the economic difficulties that Ukraine has encountered, as well as at demonstrating that the international community stands firmly on the positions of support for the new authorities in Kiev. The most important sign of such cooperation is the intention of the IMF to provide Ukraine with a loan of 18 billion dollars to restore its economy. The White House, the EU and the World Bank, in addition to the financial support of Kiev from the IMF, are taking a number of actions aimed at ensuring the development of the country's economy, promoting democracy and eliminating its dependence on Russia to the maximum extent.
The US Department of Defense is in constant contact with the current leadership of Ukraine, carefully examining its requests for military assistance, placing in place the priority of incoming requests and giving Kiev the appropriate guarantees to fulfill the obligations assumed by the White House. At the same time, according to Chollet, America does not intend to take any action that could lead to an increase in military confrontation with Russia on the territory of Ukraine. It should be noted here that so far all the help of the Pentagon to Ukraine has been reduced only to the supply of 300 thous. Dry rations, which the Ukrainian army consisting of 130 thous. Military can last for only two or three days, and that if every soldier and officer eats only one ration per day.
Currently, high-ranking officials of the US Department of Defense are engaged in continuous dialogue with the leaders of the military department of Ukraine on a variety of issues. US Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel is in constant telephone contact with his Ukrainian counterpart. Recently, representatives of the Pentagon and the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine held bilateral consultations, which were previously scheduled for the end of May of this year. At this meeting, not only the problems of the emerging crisis were considered, but also areas of military cooperation were identified in the medium and long term. The parties agreed on the active use by Ukraine of international institutions for the education and training of military personnel, on the use of military financial assistance under the changed conditions, on revising joint objectives to further strengthen Kiev’s defensive capabilities and develop its professional military education system.
In support of the US initiatives to strengthen the Ukrainian Armed Forces, their NATO allies spoke. They suggested that the Ukrainian Armed Forces should be more actively involved in the alliance’s exercises, invited the country's military leaders to conduct military construction activities for the bloc and put forward a number of specific programs to develop the combat capabilities of the national defense structures of Ukraine.
Chollet said that in the direction of ensuring the security of European countries and deterring the Russian Armed Forces, the US military took a number of important steps. In particular, 6 F-15 tactical fighters were additionally sent to Lithuania, and 12 F-16 multipurpose fighters and about 200 instructors were stationed in Poland, which should provide training for Polish troops to serve the American aviation technicians. In the near future, three C-130 transport aircraft will be sent to this country, which should ensure the rotation of US military contingents deployed in it.
In March of this year, the American destroyer URO “Trakstan” arrived in the Black Sea, which, according to some reports, left its water area on the eve of the arrival of another ship of this type, “Donald Cook”, equipped with the Aegis missile defense system. According to the official version of the Pentagon, both ships entered the Black Sea to conduct joint exercises with the Romanian and Bulgarian Navy and fleets a number of other NATO countries, whose ships are also in the Black Sea.
In addition, the NATO military leadership has developed new flight routes for AWACS and AWACS aircraft in the airspace of Romania and Bulgaria. Currently, US DoD experts are considering the organization of their in-flight refueling.
The Pentagon is also taking certain actions to increase the defense capability of a number of European countries that are not members of NATO. For example, recently with the leadership of the Republic of Moldova, in whose territory there are military contingents of the Russian Federation, formally performing peacekeeping functions, but in fact actively supporting, as Washington constantly mutters, the separatists of Transnistria, the White House and the US military leaders held consultations on the broader interactions. The meeting discussed the implementation of joint programs with the United States to strengthen the security of the Moldovan borders. Similar work to expand military cooperation between the US Department of Defense and the government of Georgia.
As already noted, the third line of activity carried out by the leadership of the White House in relation to the Ukrainian policy of the Kremlin, are measures to recover from it the "real payment" for its policies. According to the representative of the US Department of Defense, the military component of the operation of Moscow to annex the Crimea was well planned and effectively implemented, and its performers actually received all kinds of necessary support both from the territory of the peninsula and directly from Russia. Such actions demanded a vigorous and coordinated response from the United States and Western countries, as the Pentagon representative announced. The United States has already taken all necessary measures to diplomatically isolate the Russian Federation.
Chollet notified members of the CWPF that, at the present time, due to the crisis in Ukraine, his department suspended military cooperation with Russia in a number of areas, including joint exercises, bilateral meetings and scheduled joint conferences, and also canceled visits by US Navy ships to Russian ports. The allies and partners of America followed the same path. True, at the same time, the ministers of defense and the NATO countries left intact the existing channels of interaction with Moscow, which could be used to negotiate stabilization of the situation in Ukraine.
Although the US does not want to enter into confrontation with Russia, its activities in Europe and in the Euro-Asian region, the military official said, and the current situation as a whole requires the military leadership of America to revise plans for providing a military presence in Europe, deploying military contingents there in the future, conducting joint exercises and organizing effective training of NATO servicemen in the new conditions. He reminded the parliamentarians of the words of the Minister of War Hagel, who recently stated that the main goals and objectives of the Atlantic alliance remain unchanged, but the Pentagon "will consider new ways of cooperation and increasing the capabilities and combat readiness of the Allied forces."
EVALUATIONS OF THE JOINT COMMITTEE OF HEADS OF HEADS
Director of Strategic Plans and Policies of the NLA, Vice-Admiral Pendolf, in turn, stated that the “seizure of Crimea by Russia” is a “flagrant violation of international law” and again puts Europe under “threat of external aggression” by the Kremlin, as it was before the collapse THE USSR. By his actions, the admiral declared, Moscow "pushed back many decades of international progress."
The US military and Allied leaders fully supported the Pentagon’s reaction to the unlawful intervention of the Russian Federation. Pendolf emphasized that the US military provided the necessary support to Ukraine by providing material assistance to its government and holding consultations on issues of ensuring its defense capability. The Pentagon offered Kiev extended assistance in the preparation and training of Ukrainian military personnel. The Vice Admiral also stated that the US Department of Defense, in accordance with the existing agreements, sent air force units to some Baltic countries and Poland, increased the number of military aviation patrol flights in the airspace of Romania and Poland, and sent several warships to the Black Sea. In addition, the military department suspended bilateral cooperation with the Russian Defense Ministry.
In his speech, the representative of the OKNSH spoke not only about the Ukrainian problem, but also touched upon the general issues of the development of the general-purpose military forces, which, as on the verge of hysteria, constantly blow up Washington, many US politicians and EU members, the Kremlin intends to introduce into Ukraine and destroy its new government.
At the height of the Cold War, Vice Admiral Pendolf said, the USSR was a real adversary of the West on a global scale. His war machine was the most real threat to democratic countries. Under the gun stood millions of troops. The Soviet army was armed with a huge amount tanks, aircraft and ships, and also had a very powerful intelligence and extensive technical intelligence collection system.
After the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, the Russian military arsenal fell into complete decay. Insufficient funding of the Armed Forces led to their degradation and a significant reduction in the level of their combat capabilities. With the coming to power of Vladimir Putin, the withdrawal of the Russian army from the crisis state and its modernization became the main priorities of the Kremlin’s military activities. "Russia's invasion of Georgia in 2008 year" revealed a number of shortcomings in military construction, which led to an increase in allocations for the development of the Russian Armed Forces.
New approaches of the Russian government to the development of the Armed Forces have yielded some positive results. The number of the Russian army was reduced, and its units became more mobile and efficient. According to the estimates of the Director for Strategic Plans and Politics of the NKSH, the combat readiness of the units and branches of the Armed Forces has increased, and their elite units have become better prepared and equipped. At present, Russian troops use more effective forms and methods of conducting joint operations.
The Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation carried out a number of measures for structural transformation in the troops, which made it possible to improve the system of military planning, carry out the integration of military contingents, ensure effective movement of troops and their intelligence support, and also improved the quality of command and control at the tactical level.
Moscow has made a number of changes in its doctrinal documents, with a special emphasis on increasing the mobility of troops, the use of special forces and the conduct of information and cyber wars. The leadership of the Ministry of Defense also introduced sudden exercises into the practice of the troops. Teachings of this kind, which are not reported long before they are held, have a dual purpose. They allow you to quickly check the level of combat readiness of the troops and create some strategic uncertainty for the likely adversary, that is, they do not allow the opposing sides to assess the likelihood and timing of the transition of troops from solving training tasks to conducting real offensive operations.
Pendolf said that at the present stage Russia has military power, which is significant only in the regions controlled by it. “Today, Russia is a regional power that can send its Armed Forces only to neighboring countries, since it has very limited power capabilities on a global scale,” said the representative of the International Security Council. It is appropriate to recall here that President Barack Obama, in his closing speech at the recent international summit on nuclear security in The Hague, implying Ukrainian events, called Russia a regional power, "which threatens some of its neighbors." He also stressed that "this is not a manifestation of strength, but a manifestation of weakness." The head of the White House said that America is not going to fight the Russians. “But this does not mean that Russia will not be isolated. Russia today is much more isolated than it was five years ago during the war with Georgia, ”stated the US President.
The admiral also stressed that today Russian troops have a very uneven level of professional training. Some units have a high level of training, but the soldiers of other units need to learn a lot more. Russian troops, according to Pendolf, are affected by corruption and do not have the necessary military hardware and weapons and military hardware, and many of the military infrastructure is largely worn out and outdated. Moreover, funding restrictions, demographic and social problems create significant difficulties in the implementation of military reform.
On the contrary, according to Pendolf, the US Armed Forces are maintained in a state of readiness to solve various problems in all regions of the planet. The combat readiness of constantly replacing each other units is maintained at the necessary and sufficient level. The contingents of American troops are part of the combined forces of NATO. In addition, the Pentagon’s military also operate in other unions.
As the director said, “it is difficult to predict Russia's military goals” in relation to Ukraine. However, it is clear that the Kremlin has concentrated a significant number of troops on its eastern borders. This fact is of great concern to all countries in the region and beyond. Therefore, the Pentagon, along with European countries, is very closely monitoring all movements of Russian military contingents near Ukraine.
He also noted that he recently had a conversation with the commander of the US Armed Forces in Europe and the Supreme Command Allied Command General Philip Breedlove, who prepared his proposals for further strengthening the NATO bloc in Europe. The recommendations, the specific content of which is known only in general terms, concern the intensification of the process of conducting military exercises of the bloc, deployment in the forward-based areas of US troops in Europe with all the necessary armaments, as well as increasing NATO’s military presence on the maritime, air and land theaters of this region .
WISHES OF LAWNERS AND NATO MOVEMENTS
Almost immediately after the hearings, the chairman of the CWPP, John McCain, sent the US President an open letter with recommendations on overcoming the crisis in Ukraine, which was accompanied by a secret version of the wishes of parliamentarians. These messages are signed by all seven chairmen of the subcommittees that are part of this parliamentary structure that controls the Pentagon.
Lawmakers say that practically "the war between Russia and Ukraine has already begun." They believe that “the time has come to stop talking about such an opportunity and it’s time to start acting in accordance with real circumstances.” The parliamentarians indicated in a message to the president that in solving the Ukrainian problem, Europe would inevitably stand in one line with America and that “the time had come for a demonstration” of this unity. The inactivity of the White House in countering the Kremlin only plays into the hands of Putin and makes it very likely that Russia's aggressive actions are building up in an increasingly likely direction by the development of events in Ukraine.
The letter also says that the head of the White House should, without any delay, give the necessary instructions to the Secretary of Defense to increase the level of combat readiness of American troops in Europe, including the deployment of forward-based forces and units of the rapid reaction forces. According to the legislators, the refusal of the federal leadership to take such actions can negate all the diplomatic efforts of the United States and its allies to peacefully resolve the Ukrainian crisis and will only lead to its further escalation. It should be noted that at present the American military contingent in the territory of European countries, armed with the most modern weaponsIt is a rather impressive force. Its number is about 67 thousand people.
13 April this year McCain, speaking face-to-face on the CBS television program, said the White House, due to growing tensions in southeastern Ukraine, should provide its government with all the necessary modern weapons and develop a new package of economic sanctions restricting activities of the Russian leadership. According to the chairman of the CLEO, toughening the rules of economic relations between America and Russia can have a significant impact on the economic situation of the latter, since the Russian Federation, as a parliamentarian with a pronounced anti-Russian spirit, quite rudely said, is just a “gas station disguised as a country”.
According to McCain, the events currently taking place in the south-eastern regions of Ukraine are the result of the absence of any effective response by the American government to the annexation of Crimea to Russia. He argues that all the actions of the Kremlin in relation to the Crimean Peninsula were quite predictable, and he is confident that at the present stage all further actions of Moscow in the troubled regions of Ukraine can also be fully predicted.
The congressman also said that he had discussed the political situation in Ukraine many times with its current government. He emphasized that the ruling circles of this country believe that America just threw them to the mercy of fate, because they do not see any help from the United States in resolving the escalating conflict.
McCain also announced that today he considers the supply of any kind of light weapons to Ukraine as the most effective course of action for the White House so that it can resist Russian aggression. In addition, the lawyer argues that the head of the White House not only did not provide the necessary assistance to Ukraine, but did not even support it morally.
As practice shows, today's actions of Washington in Europe, in connection with the Ukrainian crisis, in many respects correspond to the wishes of the legislators. The NATO leadership is not far behind its owner. Although the bloc's general secretary, Anders Fogh Rasmussen, and other leaders of this organization have repeatedly stated that the leadership of the North Atlantic Alliance considers diplomatic actions the only way to stabilize the situation in Ukraine, today it continues to increase its military potential in this region with the submission of its overseas head. In particular, the United States and other NATO countries are sending their warships and aircraft to the Russian borders. But this, according to the head of the alliance, is far from everything that his military leadership intends to undertake.
16 April at a meeting of the EU Council, at which the Ukrainian crisis and emerging security problems in Europe were discussed by the defense ministers of NATO member countries, its secretary general announced that the bloc’s leadership had made an agreed decision to take the necessary measures to strengthen European security. True, he did not voice any concrete plans to increase the military potential of the combined forces of NATO. But it is abundantly clear that the advancement of the bloc to the east, closer to Russia, will take place exactly according to the American scenario, which Pentagon officials described at the last hearings in the CIDP.
The crisis in Ukraine has become a great help for the United States and NATO leaders. Until now, his military stuffing was very conditional. The existence of the united forces of the bloc was, to put it mildly, not entirely justified, since with the collapse of the USSR, the main opponent of the West left the theaters of possible war. But Square fluttered, and the alliance had at least some reason to fight the military threat. Washington again painted the image of the main enemy of Europe, with whom it is necessary to fight not on the stomach, but on death. In addition, the holder of the NATO obshchak has now received some arguments in raising demands for an increase in the contributions of its shareholders to the NATO military office, the main contribution to which America is making today.