Soviet Actors - participants of the Great Patriotic War
18 November 1939 of the year, in accordance with the Decree on universal conscription, Y. Nikulin was drafted into the army. Nikulin served in the anti-aircraft artillery troops near Leningrad. From the very first days of the Great Patriotic War, Nikulin's battery opened fire on fascist airplanes that were breaking through to Leningrad, casting the Gulf of Finland with deep mines. As part of the anti-aircraft battery, Nikulin fought until the spring of 1943, he rose to the rank of senior sergeant. Then, with injuries, he twice visited the hospital. After his recovery, he was sent from the hospital to the 72-th separate anti-aircraft division near the city of Kolpino. Victory Yuri Nikulin met in the Baltic States. He was awarded the medals "For Courage", "For the Defense of Leningrad" and "For Victory over Germany."
The whole country knew and loved him, but even many of his friends did not know that he had fought almost the entire war as a simple soldier. That he is a full holder of the Order of Glory, holder of the Order of the Red Star. Aleksei simply did not like to share his memories of the war with anyone. The award list for the order of the third artillery division from 15 September 1944 of the year to the Order of Glory 3 degree: “20 June 1944 of the year in the height of 283, the enemy, attacked the battery to 40 of the Nazis. Comrade Smirnov, inspiring the fighters, rushed into battle, repulsed the attack of the Nazis. On the battlefield, 17 Germans were killed, he himself personally captured the Nazis 7 ... ". Entry in the award list to the Order of Glory of the 2 degree: “Comrade Smirnov, with three soldiers, rushed at the Germans and personally killed three Nazis from a machine gun and took two prisoners. 22 January 1945 of the year, despite the intense rifle-machine-gun and artillery-mortar shelling, with the calculation of ferried on a mortar to the left bank of the river Oder. In this battle, two machine gun points and twenty Nazis were destroyed. ” However, Aleksey Smirnov did not succeed in ending the war in Berlin. In the 1945 year, during one of the battles, he was severely wounded by a shell explosion. And after treatment at the hospital - the commission ...
Alexey Smirnov, after the war, starred in many films. And any of his role in the film, even a small one, was pronounced and noticeable. The last film in which he was filming was the film of his friend Leonid Bykov “Only old men go to battle”.
The hero of the Great Patriotic War, one of the best Soviet actors of the post-war generation, is buried in the Southern Cemetery of St. Petersburg, the 3 st rowan section, the 21 series, the 9 grave.
On the very first day of the 22 War of June 1941, he went to the front. He served as a senior sergeant. In 1942-m was sent to the South-Western Front. There was preparing a large offensive of the Soviet troops. Under Kharkov were pulled several Soviet divisions, which fell into the "boiler". The Germans launched a counterattack, and the Soviet troops were forced to retreat to Stalingrad itself. Twenty-year-old Anatoly Papanov then commanded an anti-aircraft battery. In these battles, he is the role of a soldier who has nowhere to retreat - he lived in full. Near Kharkov Papanov learned what it means to serve in the battalion, which asks and does not receive fire. There he was badly wounded in the leg, got into the hospital and, in 21 a year old, he was disabled. “Is it possible to forget how, after two and a half hours of battle, out of forty-two people left thirteen?” Recalled Papanov. About this time - one of the brightest and most significant roles of the actor - the role of General Serpilin in the film adaptation of Simonov's novel “The Living and the Dead”. Perhaps, if there was no Serpilin in Papanov’s creative biography, there wouldn’t be another military role - the former radio paratrooper, the accountant Dubinsky, in the film “Byelorussia Station”.
During the Great Patriotic War he served in the ranks of the Naval Fleet. He was awarded the Order of the Patriotic War of the II degree, the Order of the Red Star, the medal "For the Defense of Leningrad", "For the Victory over Germany".
During the war she worked as a nurse in the front mobile evacuation hospital. Awarded the Order of the Patriotic War II degree, the medal "For victory over Germany".
Member of the Battle of the Kursk Bulge, the crossing of the Dnieper, the liberation of Kiev.
I reached Berlin. Awarded the Order of the Patriotic War I degree, two medals "For Courage", a medal "For Victory over Germany".
Senior lieutenant of a sapper company. I went to the front as a volunteer. In February 1943 year under Belgorod was severely wounded in the leg, suffered 11 operations, as a result of which the leg became shorter by 8 centimeters, lameness remained for life. He was awarded the Order of the Red Star.
Volunteer. He graduated from the school of military translators in Stavropol. (By the way, if you need a simultaneous translation, today it is not a problem). He fought in the mountains of Kabarda and Ossetia, liberated Rostov-on-Don, Ukraine. Senior Lieutenant, Assistant Chief of Staff of the Regiment. In 1943, he was severely injured and commissioned. After the hospital received 2-th disability group.
He was awarded the Order of the Patriotic War I degree, the Order of the Red Star, medals "For the defense of the Caucasus", "For the defense of Moscow", "For victory over Germany".
I went to the front as a volunteer. Scout, served in the 1147 Rifle Regiment.
He was awarded the Order of the Patriotic War II degree and the medal "For victory over Germany".
Captain, commander of the 424 battery of the motorized rifle regiment of the 14 anti-aircraft artillery Riga division Reserve of the SGC GC, deputy chief of the operational department of the 28th separate artillery division of the reserve breakdown of the Main Command.
He was awarded the Order of the Patriotic War I degree, the Order of the Red Star and the medal "For Military Merit".
He fought three years. He was awarded two medals "For Bravery", the Order of the Patriotic War of II degree, the Order of the Red Star, the medal "For the capture of Koenigsberg", two medals "For Courage", a medal "For Victory over Germany".
Member of the Great Patriotic War. Awarded the Order of the Patriotic War II degree.
From 1942 year - youngsters on a torpedo boat "Brave", a year later - the steering. Liberated Budapest, Bucharest, Vienna. He was awarded the Order of the Patriotic War, II degree, the Ushakov sailor medal, the medals "For the Capture of Budapest", "For the Capture of Vienna", "For the Victory over Germany".
In 1942, Leonid Gaidai was drafted into the army. Initially, his service was held in Mongolia, where he rode horses intended for the front. The tall and thin Gaidai on the squat Mongolian horses looked ridiculous, but coped with his cowboy work successfully. He, like his other peers, rushed to the front. Being in peaceful Mongolia, they felt ashamed. In addition, recruits were often forgotten to feed and they starved terribly.
When the military commissar arrived to take over the replenishment to the army, for each question of the officer, Gaidai answered "I". "Who's in artillery?" "I", "In cavalry?" "I", "To the fleet?" "I", "In intelligence?" "I" - what caused the discontent of the boss. "Yes, wait, Gaidai," said the commissar, "Let me read the entire list." From this incident, after many years, the episode of the film "Operation" Y "was born.
Gaidai was sent to the Kalinin Front.
Gaidai served in the platoon of foot intelligence, repeatedly went to the enemy's rear to take the language, was awarded several medals.
In the 1943 year, returning from a mission, Leonid Gaidai blew himself up on an anti-personnel mine, receiving a severe wound to his leg. He spent about a year in hospitals, underwent 5 operations. He was threatened with amputation, but he flatly refused it. "One-legged actors do not happen" - he said. The consequences of this injury haunted him all his life. From time to time the wound opened, splinters came out, the bone inflamed and these torments lasted for years. He was disabled, although he never told anyone about it. The outsiders not only did not know about this, but did not even guess, because Leonid Iovich could not bear to show his illnesses or ailments. He had a real male character ..
The Great Patriotic War is a huge and important stage in the biography of Yuri Katin-Yartsev. He served in the railway troops, built bridges in the Far East, then he joined the active army, on the Voronezh Front. He was a participant in the battles of Kursk, was on the I Ukrainian front and IV Ukrainian. At the end of the war, Katin-Yartsev became a knight of the Order of the Red Star.
April 20, 1942 he was enrolled as a cadet in the Molotov (Perm) military aviation school of pilots. He became the pilot of the IL-2 attack aircraft.
... The youngest student of the Molotov school of attack pilots Volodya Gulyaev graduated with honors and, having received the rank of junior lieutenant, arrived with a new recruiting party in the 639 regiment, which was then based near the town of Velizh.
In November, 1943 began the formation of the 335 th assault division, which included the Gulyaev regiment and the neighboring, 826 th, from their 211 division. In winter, the pilots of the new division rarely flew, mainly for reconnaissance. Gulyaev managed to make only one combat flight.
In the spring of 1944, the Gulyayev division received an order to transfer the 639 regiment to the 2 Ukrainian Front. This event should have been a joy to Volodya, because the head of the agitation and propaganda of the 53 Army on the 2 Ukrainian was his father who fought. But he acted in a walking way: he asked the division commander not to send him to Ukraine and transfer him to the next, 826 th, assault regiment of the 335 th division. In the 1 squadron of this regiment, Vladimir Gulyaev will pass all his front-line universities to the most victorious day - May 9 of the year 1945.
In May, the 1944 of the year, the 335-I assault division consisting of the 826-th and 683-th assault air regiments secretly relocated to the airfield near Gorodok in the Vitebsk region. The first flights of Gulyayev were to attack the railway stations Lovsha, Obol, Goryany on the road Vitebsk - Polotsk. Especially got the Fritz from the blows of Vladimir in Oboli. At this station, he flew 20 May, 6, 13 and 23 June. The regimental documents for 13 June read as follows: “Flying to attack the Obol railway station in a group of six Il-2s, making an 3 approach, despite the enemy’s heavy anti-aircraft fire, comrade Gulyaev dropped bombs into the echelon, 3 exploded with black Smoke, cannon fire and machine guns shot the enemy's manpower. The task was completed perfectly. The result of the attack is confirmed by a photo and the evidence of fighters covering. " It should be added that the station itself was covered with four anti-aircraft batteries and two more on the way to it. This is a whole sea of anti-aircraft fire! Gulyaev, neglecting the mortal danger, three times dived into this sea. And not only survived, but also damaged the German echelon. On this of his sniper attack, even wrote an army newspaper "Soviet Falcon". The clipping with the article Guliaev then proudly wore for a long time in his flight tablet.
During Operation Bagration, the 826 Assault Regiment struck enemy personnel and equipment on the roads Dobrino - Verbali - Shumilino - Beshenkovichi, Lovsha - Bogushevskoe - Senno, and Lovsha - Klimovo. As part of the six attack aircraft driven by the commander of the 1 squadron Captain Popov, Lieutenant Gulyaev and his air gunner, Sergeant Vasily Vinichenko, took to the air. Their goal was a German convoy on the Lovsh-Polotsk road. But from the air, they suddenly saw that at the Obol station they were standing under pairs of entire 5 enemy trains! Only Popov and Gulyaev broke through the dense stockade of anti-aircraft fire to them. But Popov was shot down, shot down over the station itself. Along with him, his gunman, the foreman, and the Bezkhivotny also died. Only Gulyaev managed to drop the bombs on the trains and return to his airfield safe and sound. Then, at the Obol station, another fire raged for two whole days and the ammunition exploded. True, Vladimir Gulyaev’s sniper strike from the authorities did not receive a decent assessment. In it simply did not believe. There were no living witnesses, but it was only the eighth sortie of Gulyaev. Of course, the fact that the division suffered such big losses for the first time on this day also affected: 7 aircraft and 4 crew. Here it was not up to the triumphant reports to the higher command.
Having flown to the airfield of Beshenkovichi, the 826-th regiment after the destruction of the enemy in the area of Lepel-Chashniki took part in the Polotsk offensive operation. Vladimir Gulyaev and his comrades stormed German columns and positions in the area of Glubokoe, Dunilovichi, Borovukha, Disna, Bigosovo. July 3 crushes the enemy on the north-western outskirts of Polotsk, and July 4, on the day of the liberation of the city, participates in the defeat of the German column on the Drissa road (Verkhnedvinsk) - Druya. As a result of this crushing blow, the Germans lost 535 (!) Cars and a river barge. Despite the fact that the enemy suffered such terrible losses and retreated, the flights for our attack aircraft were not a hunting trip. The German anti-aircraft guns literally tore up the sky, and the Fokkers and Messers constantly prowled the clouds. And every time one of the pilots of the division was not destined to return to their home airfield. The crews of Akimov - Kurkulev, Fedorov - Tsukanov, Osipov - Kananadze, Kuroyedov - Kudryavtsev, Mavrin - Vdovchenko, Matrosov - Katkov, Shkarpet - Korgin were shot down ... To the crew Gulyaev - Vinichenko, thank God, was lucky.
But in Rezekne district, good luck from Gulyaev turned away. During an artillery position attack, his plane received heavy damage, and the Iluha had to land with the motor stopped right in the forest. An old IL-2 with metal wings took a terrible blow to the trees on itself, as it could have softened it and, dying, still saved the crew from certain death. Vladimir Gulyaev in an unconscious state was urgently taken on the passing Lee-2 to the Central Aviation Hospital in Moscow. He returned to his regiment only after three and a half months. Scars on the bridge of the nose and on the chin and the disappointing conclusion of the doctors reminded of the severe wound, which allowed us to hope for flying only in light-engine aircraft. And this, alas, wooden-linen "corncob" Po-2. Such were in the 335-division only in the headquarters management. Here reluctantly as a pilot of the Po-2, he continued his service. So he would have to fly on this "sewing machine" to the victory itself, but less than a month later, as his assault soul had grieved over the "Ilyukh" which had become his native cabin. He began to write a report for a report and finally achieved a re-medical examination, and in March 1945 again lifted his beloved IL-2 into the air. And in one of the first sorties almost killed. The archive document tells about it succinctly and dryly: "26.3.1945 flew to attack enemy vehicles in the Balga area. After making three hits on the target, he destroyed three vehicles and created one fire. The aircraft was damaged from a direct hit by an anti-aircraft gun, but due to excellent piloting technique, he led the plane to his airfield and landed safely. " Death, singed him with his terrible hot breath, swept very close. But even after that, Guliaev uncontrollably rushes into battle, making 2 - 3 combat sorties a day.
6 April the purpose of Gulyayev and his comrades was the city-fortress Koenigsberg (Kaliningrad). The pilots of their division were entrusted with the high honor of dropping an ultimatum from the plane to the commandant of Koenigsberg, General Otto Lyash. Not able to withstand the power of attacks attacking, the citadel of Prussian militarism fell just three days - April 9. It was on this day that Vladimir Gulyaev was presented to the Order of the Patriotic War, I degree, for courage, bravery and perfect 20 successful combat missions in the sky of East Prussia.
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