Military Review

Myths about the Reichstag

18
Myths about the Reichstag

According to one of the myths about the Reichstag, it was blown up, so the symbol of the Third Reich was allegedly "executed". The Soviet people did not feel sorry for this building, rather regretted the lost inscriptions of our soldiers.


But in fact, no one blew up the Reichstag building, the building remained in the Westernizers zone, in West Berlin, it was practically on the border, at the Berlin Wall. He stood for a long time in a dilapidated form, in 1954, the dome was dismantled, it could collapse. The Nazis themselves wanted to destroy it, the project of A. Speer on the construction of the “capital of the German world” was prepared. Hitler planned to destroy the old city by building a new, in fact, the capital of the planet, the “New World Order”.

Reference: Reichstag (building), the building began to be built in 1884, built for 10 years, according to the project of architect Paul Vallot, in the style of the Italian High Renaissance. In the years 1894-1933 the Reichstag of the German Empire met there, then the Reichstag of the Weimar Republic. February 27, 1933 there was a famous arson of the building, which the Nazis used as an excuse for political repression. After that, the parliament was transferred to the next building of the Kroll Opera, he sat there until 1942. The Reichstag building was used for meetings and then for military purposes. The Reichstag was a symbol of Berlin and Germany, which is why it was stormed on April 28 - May 2, 1945. The building was not restored for a long time after the war, but it was still restored, and in 1973 it was used for exhibitions, meetings of organs and factions of the Bundestag. In 1991, it was decided to move the Bundestag from Bonn to the former Reichstag building. The English architect Norman Foster was charged with the reconstruction of the building, he was able to save historical the appearance of the building, while creating a building for the modern parliament. The Bundestag moved to Berlin in 1999. A significant part of the inscriptions of Soviet soldiers was preserved - in 2002 they raised the question of their removal, but they defended them by a majority of votes.


Albert Speer in 1933.

The last stronghold of the Reich?

The Reichstag was a symbol of Germany and one of the most powerful centers of resistance in Berlin, but it was not the last stronghold of the empire and Hitler. The center of defense was the building of the imperial office and Hitler's bunker, it was from there that the garrison of Berlin was controlled.

But the Reichstag was a suitable target for the soldiers of the Red Army - a symbol of the German Empire, and therefore sought it. For the Red Army, the banner over the Reichstag meant Victory in the Great War. According to the memoirs of the Hero of the Soviet Union, the commander of 756 rifle regiment F. M. Zinchenko, who stormed the Reichstag, they did not know that literally 800 meters from them was Hitler's bunker. If they knew, they would definitely try to capture Hitler.

Victory Banner Myth

A myth was created that supposedly for hoisting the Victory Banner people were specially selected on the basis of nationality: Russian - Yegorov, Georgian - Kantaria and Ukrainian - Berest. Alexei Berest became famous once again in this battle: the Germans demanded no less than a colonel for the surrender negotiations, the attackers had only majors, there was no connection with the regiment. Therefore, Beresta dressed as a colonel (tankers helped out by giving him a leather jacket), the "colonel" giant came down to the Germans. And immediately he took “the bull by the horns”: “I am listening to you, Mr. Colonel. Report why you were invited to negotiate. ” The German shuddered from the "report", but he "reported" what he wanted. The Germans agreed to withdraw from the Reichstag, if they were released in the direction of the Brandenburg Gate. Berest demanded unconditional surrender, gave half an hour to think, then joked about his innate talent "diplomat." The garrison capitulated. Berest died in 1970 year, saving a child from under the train.


Berest, Alexey Prokopevich.

In fact, according to the recollections of the same Zinchenko, he ordered the head of intelligence captain Kondrashev to take two scouts, he chose at random (without motive), all scouts were excellent fighters, heroes. The banner was handed to them from the Military Council of the Army, only on May 2 it will become the official Victory Banner, after a picture of the Pravda correspondent. The picture will be taken by plane to Moscow and on May 3 it will be printed in the newspaper.

On the night of 1, a group of fighters — the standard-bearers Egorov, Kantaria, Berest — with gunners covering them, secured the Banner on the roof of the building. The battle in the building went on even before 2, the fighters who naturally fought in it also tried to leave their mark on Victory, therefore as they advanced in many windows red flags, flags, pieces of matter fluttered. The most famous other banners were hoisted by the groups of Captain Makov, Major Bondar, and Lieutenant Koshkarbayev and others.

But every year the press tries to create a sensation that Egorov and Kantaria were not the first. The Kremlin knew that there were many heroes, but for the official myth, the country needed two or three heroes. In this terrible battle, one of the most recent in this War, everyone was already Heroes, hard-core guys and experienced men ... Their reward was Victory, one for all ...


Mikhail Yegorov (right) and Meliton Kantaria at the Victory Banner, which they hoisted over the Reichstag.

Sources of:
Zinchenko FM The heroes of the Reichstag assault. M., 1983.
Isaev A.V. Berlin Berlin 45. Battles in the den of the beast. M., 2007.
Speer A. Memoirs. Smolensk, 1997.
Author:
18 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must to register.

I have an account? Sign in

  1. The comment was deleted.
  2. cartridge
    cartridge 15 June 2013 09: 08 New
    +8
    They dressed Birch bark as a colonel (the tank crew helped out by providing a leather jacket), the "colonel" giant came down to the Germans. And immediately he took the “bull by the horns”: “I am listening to you, Mr. Colonel. Report why you invited us to negotiate. ” The Germans shook from “reporting”, but he “reported” what he wanted.


    A sense of pride covers such people and the time that created them! good
    Looking at the current generation of stupid and colorless office creaks, you do not experience anything but disappointment and frustration.
    1. avdkrd
      avdkrd 16 June 2013 12: 19 New
      +2
      you cannot be so categorical, office "kreakly" will instantly throw off the office husk when the enemy is at the gate, at least I want to believe it, it already happened. Annoyance and disappointment are caused by the lack of ideology, rewarding and chanting of the shit who destroyed the country that defeated fascism (I'm talking about the spotted one), the actual absence of punishment for treason (comes into force the second time ...), statements of MEMBERS of the EP about the absence of Russians in Russia, etc. etc. In general, the ruling elite causes annoyance and disappointment, it is their task to form a worldview, to instill REAL values ​​in tractor drivers and office "kreakl".
  3. ImPerts
    ImPerts 15 June 2013 09: 11 New
    11
    Great time, great people! Great history of a great country!
  4. omsbon
    omsbon 15 June 2013 10: 09 New
    +7
    The feelings that embrace while reading this article can be expressed in these wonderful words:
    The planet is burning and spinning,
    Smoke above our Motherland
    And that means We need one victory,
    One for all - we will not stand for the price!
  5. igordok
    igordok 15 June 2013 11: 03 New
    +9
    I like this Reichstag. 1946 photo of the year
    1. Evgeniy46
      Evgeniy46 15 June 2013 13: 25 New
      +2
      this is better:
      1. Nordwest
        Nordwest 16 June 2013 00: 19 New
        +2
        Like the Phoenix from the ashes, the Reichstag flaunts again.
    2. MG42
      MG42 15 June 2013 23: 48 New
      +7
      Quote: igordok
      1946 photo of the year

      Curious photo good the Germans were forced to plow the fields in 1946, the Nazis did not plan agricultural land there ..
      here 1945
      1. Trenches south of the fountain.
      2. Trenches south of the Reichstag.
      3. Earth mound.
      Reichstag 1945Reichstag 1945
  6. Dimy4
    Dimy4 15 June 2013 12: 34 New
    +4
    Signatures of the winners - Our soldier, poor little girls burned their eyes.
  7. Hudo
    Hudo 15 June 2013 13: 01 New
    +4
    But every year the press tries to create a sensation that Egorov and Kantaria were not the first.

    The dirty quack fighters sleep poorly at the mere mention of the Great Victory. From what organ are these "sensations" sucked from their owners?
  8. Avenger711
    Avenger711 15 June 2013 14: 46 New
    0
    There have been several attempts. The famous photo is staged, like the American one with the flag on Iwo Jima.
  9. anip
    anip 15 June 2013 17: 41 New
    +3
    But every year the press tries to create a sensation that Egorov and Kantaria were not the first.

    Well, the press, there is a press, especially a liberal one.
    On the other hand, is it really important who was the first? The main thing, were heroes Egorov, Kantaria, Berest and such as they are.
    It’s a pity that Berest was tragically dead, albeit as a hero.
    ..
    Sometimes I think it’s good that the veterans did not survive the collapse of the treacherous elite of the Soviet Union, they at least did not see the collapse of the country that they defended and made the greatest. The internal enemy was stronger than all external ones.
  10. ia-ai00
    ia-ai00 15 June 2013 20: 56 New
    +1
    People who defeated the Nazis cause respect and pride in their homeland! Only here are the Librarians striving to negate the merits of the USSR in victory over the enemy, and even try to arouse guilt ... The latest films about the war, the army of the USSR, from soldier to generals, are lying, humiliating the still living participants of the war and the memory of the dead. And they want to grow a younger generation on these films ...
  11. antikilller55
    antikilller55 15 June 2013 21: 57 New
    +3
    The main thing is that our grandfathers and great-grandfathers did this, and specifically who is the first who the second is not of great importance, I think so.
  12. crest 57
    crest 57 15 June 2013 22: 22 New
    0
    Aleksey Berest became famous once again in this battle: the Germans demanded for the negotiation of the surrender of an officer no lower than the colonel, the attackers had only majors, there was no connection with the regiment. Therefore, Beresta was dressed as a colonel (the tank crew helped out by providing a leather jacket), the “colonel” giant came down to the Germans. And immediately he took the “bull by the horns”: “I am listening to you, Mr. Colonel. Report why you invited us to negotiate. ” The Germans shook from “reporting”, but he “reported” what he wanted. The Germans agreed to leave the Reichstag if they were released towards the Brandenburg Gate. Birch bark demanded unconditional surrender, gave half an hour to ponder, then joked about his inherent talent as a “diplomat”. The garrison capitulated. Birch bark died in 1970, saving a child from under a train.

    That's who you need to make films about!
  13. MG42
    MG42 15 June 2013 23: 29 New
    +3
    On the night of 1, a group of fighters — the standard-bearers Egorov, Kantaria, Berest — with gunners covering them, secured the Banner on the roof of the building. The battle in the building went on even before 2, the fighters who naturally fought in it also tried to leave their mark on Victory, therefore as they advanced in many windows red flags, flags, pieces of matter fluttered. The most famous other banners were hoisted by the groups of Captain Makov, Major Bondar, and Lieutenant Koshkarbayev and others.

  14. Aryan
    Aryan 16 June 2013 00: 45 New
    0
    In War Thunder in missions over Berlin
    always threw off the remaining ammunition
    to the Reichstag, with the words
    "For Grandfather, for VICTORY !!!"
  15. sanych your division
    sanych your division 16 June 2013 13: 09 New
    +2
    Here's a man like Berest to us for president! so that in the negotiations, well, let Barak report what you wanted there in Syria? DEMOCRACY? you have half an hour to get out of the region. Is it diplomatic?
  16. adg76
    adg76 16 June 2013 21: 45 New
    0
    "On the night of May 1, a group of fighters - the standard-bearers Yegorov, Kantaria, Berest - with the submachine gunners covering them, fixed the Banner on the roof of the building." It is a myth. The flag above the Reichstag was hoisted by Sergeant Pravotorov and Private Bulatov. There are archival documents, photos and newsreels from various photojournalists. - this is reality
    1. Marek Rozny
      Marek Rozny 18 June 2013 19: 22 New
      0
      Provotorov (not PrАvotes) was part of the group that first attached the Red Banner to the Reichstag building, but he himself could not get to the building itself. The Germans cut off him and several other fighters of the group from Koshkarbayev and Bulatov and they got stuck halfway. Corporal Grigory Bulatov and Jr. Lieutenant Rakhimzhan Koshkarbaev attached the bannerthat is officially confirmed by all documents. After the war, Koshkarbayeva knew all of Alma-Ata, he was surrounded by honor, despite the fact that the Egorov and Kantaria officially attached the Victory banner.
      Grigory Bulatov returned to his homeland and where he was pecked and laughed when he tried to prove that he was the first to hoist the Banner. As a result, Bulatov, let’s say, quickly passed away, unable to bear the ridicule.
      In one of the post-war parades on Red Square, Koshkarbayev approached the "official" hoists of the Victory Banner and took the flag from them, and carried it himself. Everyone who was nearby, including the "official drivers" themselves, Neustroev and others, remained silent.
  17. sanych your division
    sanych your division 17 June 2013 01: 48 New
    0
    The main thing is VICTORY !!! why make it unclear what? The Red Army hoisted its Flag. and not Mr. N. p..stan!
  18. Marek Rozny
    Marek Rozny 17 June 2013 08: 58 New
    +2
    On April 30, at 16.20, the cryptographer Sachkov handed over to the chief of staff of the front, General Malinin, a report from the 3rd Shock Army:

    "Encryption No. 59225
    Sent 30.4. 45g at 15:15. adopted on 30.4.45 at 15:20.
    14:25 30.4.45 parts of 79sk occupied the Reichstag area, the flag of the Soviet Union was raised above the Reichstag building "

    Soon in the combat report from the headquarters of the regiment were given specific names: “At 14.25:30.4.45 on April 1, 2, the 1st company and a platoon of the 674nd company of the 6st battalion XNUMXth rifle regiment broke into the Reichstag building, with which there were XNUMX scouts to set the flag over the Reichstag.
    Reconnaissance platoon commander 1st. battalion ml. Lieutenant Koshkarbayev and a reconnaissance platoon soldier of the regiment Bulatov raised a banner above the Reichstag building. The heroes and courage in hoisting the banner were shown by fighters of the reconnaissance platoon of the regiment: senior sergeant Lysenko, Provotorov, Oreshko, the Red Army soldiers Gabidullin, Pachkovsky, Bryukhovetsky led by the commander of the reconnaissance platoon Lieutenant Sorokin ...
    The commander of the 674th Rifle Corps Lieutenant Colonel Plekhodanov ... "


    According to the magazine of military operations [1] of the 150th Infantry Division at 14 hours 25 minutes on April 30, 1945, Lieutenant Rakhimzhan Koshkarbaev and Private Grigory Bulatov “Crawled to the central part of the building in a plastic way and put a red flag on the stairs of the main entrance”.

    In his book “We Stormed the Reichstag,” Hero of the Soviet Union I.F. Klochkov writes that “Lieutenant R. Koshkarbaev was the first to attach a red flag to the column”.

    Rakhimzhan Koshkarbayev never received the title of Hero of the Soviet Union. He petitioned for him to D.A. Kunaev, the hero of the defense of Moscow, Panfilov's Baurzhan Momysh-uly, and Kunaev himself presented a request for rewarding Koshkarbaev and Bulatov to the Central Committee of the CPSU. They also wrote from Kazakhstan "to comrade Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev personally." But there was no answer. Baurzhan Momysh-uly, who was friends with Koshkarbaev, had access to the Russian archives, and found documents there. "Even the order to confer the title of Hero of the Soviet Union," recalled Rakhimzhan-aga's late wife Rakhil Seitakhmetovna Yakhina, "but there was Stalin's signature:" Refuse! "Why? Because his father was repressed in 1937."

    A detailed, but disappointing response from the Main Personnel Directorate of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation came to the current requests for the posthumous award of Koshkarbayev for the recognized feat
    "As a result of studying the documents of the Central Archive of the Ministry of Defense of Russia, it was established that for the feats committed in April 1945 during the storming of the Reichstag, Lieutenant Rakhimzhan Koshkarbaev and Red Army soldier Bulatov Grigory Petrovich were presented by the commander of the 674th rifle regiment for conferring the title of Hero of the Soviet Union. This decision was supported by the commanders of 150 Rifle Division and Rifle Corps 79. However, the commander of the 3rd Shock Army (Colonel-General VI Kuznetsov - note), within the limits of his powers, changed the type of award and, by his order of June 8, 1945, No. 0121 / n, awarded R. Koshkarbaev and G.P.Bulatov with the Order of the Red Banner.
    At present, it is not possible to establish the reasons why the above-mentioned participants in the Great Patriotic War were not awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union, and also to change the decision of the commander of the 3rd Shock Army.
    In accordance with the Regulations on State Awards of the Russian Federation, rewarding for the same merits is not provided for ".


    Writer Boris Gorbatov, article in Literaturnaya Gazeta (No. 101 dated December 18.12, 1948): "... Indeed, it's time to stop comparing our soldiers with eagles and golden eagles. What golden eagle can compare with the Kazakh Koshkarbaev, who, in front of my eyes, together with other comrades, hoisted the banner of victory over the Reichstag?
    To show such a hero, you need a completely different poetic system, different images, different poetry - the poetry of socialist realism ... ".
    1. Marek Rozny
      Marek Rozny 17 June 2013 09: 43 New
      +3
      But according to eyewitnesses, including Koshkarbayev himself, the Red Banner was not attached at 14.25, but only in the evening. Apparently, the regiment hastened ahead of time to report up to a wonderful fact.

      Lieutenant Rakhimzhan Koshkarbayev's platoon distinguished itself by breaking into the first "Himmler's house", so Rakhimzhan was assigned to lead a special group to plant an assault flag on the Reichstag building.
      Koshkarbaev was introduced to the reconnaissance fighters of his 674th regiment (Plekhodanov regiment commander): senior lieutenant S. Sorokin, corporal G. Bulatov, private V. Provotorov and others.
      The assault flag was presented to Koshkarbayev. He tucked it under his tunic and glanced at his watch. It was 11 o'clock in the afternoon. Koshkarbayev ordered the soldiers: "Forward, follow me!" - and jumped out of the window of "Himmler's house" onto the paving stones of the Royal Square. Around - deadly fire: bullets, shell fragments. As soon as Koshkarbaev crawled to the crater from the shell, a fighter fell on top of him. It was Grigory Bulatov, just a boy. And behind them there were already explosions of enemy shells, and it became clear that they were left alone, there would be no support.

      The area was "shot through", it was dangerous to even raise your head. That is how the two of them crawled together to the next "dead" zone, to the next cover, where the Germans could not reach them with their fire. I had to lie motionless for a long time: bullets rang around, bouncing off the paving stones. Three hours passed, and only 50 meters were overcome.
      And suddenly the Reichstag was clouded with smoke, brick dust, and Koshkarbayev and Bulatov managed to rush about 100 meters and jump into a moat with water. They, standing up to their chest in the water, drank dirty, but cool water. Then towards the canal we reached the iron bridge. Before the Reichstag, 100 meters remained, but the fire intensified on both sides. And twilight was already approaching! An hour later, Soviet troops launched a powerful fire on the Reichstag. Koshkarbaev and Bulatov rushed off, and ... under the soles of their boots, the marble steps of the entrance to the Reichstag banged! Koshkarbayev quickly pulls out the flag, Bulatov stands on his shoulders and under the window on the ledge, as high as possible, attaches an assault flag! The first assault meter flag flashed above the main entrance to the Reichstag! The chain links closed: 28 heroes of the Panfilov division from Kazakhstan on November 16, 1941 in the battle of Moscow, lieutenant R. Koshkarbaev on April 30, 1945 at the door of the Reichstag! The clock showed 18 hours 30 minutes.
      Two fighters of the 674th regiment were the first to reach the Reichstag, and these 300 meters were taken from Koshkarbayev and Bulatov over 7 hours of life across Korolevskaya Square.

      But what about the 756th regiment, although the same 150th division of Shatilov? The battalion of captain S. Neustroev went on a decisive assault (after Shatilov’s call to the commander of the 756th regiment Zinchenko). Three attacks were unsuccessful. The 4th attempt to storm the Reichstag failed. The first to see two fighters and a deputy at the entrance to the building of Koshkarbayev and Bulatov. Major Sokolovsky, commander of the 756th regiment.
  19. dDYHA
    dDYHA 11 March 2018 22: 09 New
    0
    Glory! Glory to everyone who has come! Glory to everyone who died in the last days! Glory to those who took the first blow and those who stopped the Wehrmacht and those who drove it into the den! Our grandfathers who did not see us and never smoked a cigarette while holding us on their knees did not stroke our hairs on the head with their corpus callosum. Thanks you! Everlasting memory! In honor of his grandfather, he named his son the deceased at Spaso-Demyanensk.