Military Review

"I sat down and flew." KVZ chief designer Oleg Garipov told why the Ansat helicopter would be in demand on the market

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"I sat down and flew." KVZ chief designer Oleg Garipov told why the Ansat helicopter would be in demand on the market



Chief Designer of the Kazan Helicopter Plant Oleg Garipov told about the development of the Ansat light multi-purpose helicopter and the training program for young professionals.

ABOUT ANSAT PROGRAM

Machines of this class are very necessary. If we look at foreign partners, we will see that they offer many different models of light multipurpose helicopters. Such Russian equipment, with the exception of Mi-2, which are currently being decommissioned, is practically absent. Helicopters of this class are very popular in the market, they have a future.

The two main areas of the Ansat program are civil and training. "Ansat" was modified in accordance with the requirements of the Russian Ministry of Defense and is now used in the training variant for training cadets. We are also actively developing the civil sector. Ansat has various target modifications: passenger, search and rescue, medical, and training. This is a fairly unpretentious machine, involving no storage without storage. "Ansat" can be compared with the Mi-8 in ease of use, that is, "sat down and flew."

ABOUT NICHE'S CHOICE

Kazan Helicopter Plant not just came to the decision on the need to diversify products. Mi-8 is a legend, “Kalashnikov assault rifle” in aviation and helicopter industry, but we need to further develop. The management and designers of the enterprise decided that the niche of light multi-purpose helicopters is the most optimal. All helicopter companies are represented in this class and are engaged in intense competition. This is one of the most popular niches on the market.



ABOUT DOMESTIC ANALOGUE

Among the domestic helicopters in the same class is the Ka-226T, which is also being worked on by the Russian Helicopters holding. It is, rather, not an analogue, but an addition to the Ansat in the niche of light helicopters. The coaxial scheme has its merits. What to choose - each operator decides on the basis of their own needs. A helicopter with a coaxial rotor pattern, for example, is ideal for use in the mountains.

Both helicopters Ansat and Ka-226T can fill all the niches on the market in this segment.

ON PREPARATION OF YOUNG SPECIALISTS

I am a representative of the first release of the program of targeted training for young professionals. At the end of the 90-ies, the plant turned to the Kazan National Tupolev Research Technical University (KNRTU-KAI) with a request to help in the training of personnel, which were very lacking. The relevant specialized departments were connected, programs were formulated and a competition was organized. I saw the announcement of the recruitment of people at the Kazan Helicopter Plant. At that time I was engaged in various calculations at the department, including for the helicopter plant. Then began the program "Ansat" and KNITU-KAI participated in it. When such a program appeared, the choice was obvious to me. The best representatives of our course went to work at KHP.



The program for the training of young professionals is still active. Today, young people have a unique opportunity to write theses on current topics and protect them while working at the enterprise. The structure of the State Examination Commission includes not only teachers, but also representatives of various departments of the KHP. Thus, we select for ourselves perspective frames.

The main problem now is a certain gap between the older and younger generation. There are young people, they are ready to learn. Many experienced workers, but middle-aged representatives are not enough. Although in general we have enough good specialists at the helicopter plant.



“ANSAT” is a lightweight twin-engine multi-purpose helicopter with a gas turbine engine, developed by the design office of the Kazan Helicopter Plant. Maximum speed - 285 km / h, load capacity 1300 kg (inside the cabin).

In August last year, at the international aerospace show MAKS-2013, Ansat with a hydromechanical control system received a certificate of the Interstate Aviation Committee type.

KAZAN HELICOPTER PLANT (part of the Russian Helicopters holding) produces a family of Mi-8 / 17 helicopters that are operated in more than 100 countries around the world. A wide range of modifications of these helicopters are produced: transport, passenger, rescue, airborne transport, and many others.

The Mi-38 medium transport and passenger helicopter is being prepared for production. Since 1997, the KVZ has a helicopter developer certificate. Today, the light production twin-engined training helicopter Ansat-U is also in production.
Originator:
http://rostec.ru/news/4513236
23 comments
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  1. Wanderer H7
    Wanderer H7 April 22 2014 15: 08
    +6
    Well, at least some real steps on the program of young specialists. It is necessary to work hard on this in every region, otherwise the orders in helicopter and aircraft construction have become full, and there are not enough specialists
  2. Cossacks
    Cossacks April 22 2014 15: 10
    +3
    Ethnocracy in action.
    1. maestro123
      maestro123 April 22 2014 15: 18
      +1
      Although "Ansat" in translation from Tatar means: simple. hi
  3. Roman 1977
    Roman 1977 April 22 2014 15: 18
    +4
    Well, the machine is very good, last year the Air Force received 6 Ansat-U units, and all in all the Air Force-25 vehicles, as of the 2013 year, in addition, the 2 vehicles in the FSB aviation are based in Yoshkar-Ola and 1 in the aviation of the Ministry of Internal Affairs Tatarstan In addition, the machine has good export prospects, as the South Korean Air Force purchased 7 machines, unfortunately 1 of them crashed in the 2006 year.

    1. jjj
      jjj April 22 2014 16: 14
      +3
      To replace the Mi-2 is perfect
  4. Russian jacket
    Russian jacket April 22 2014 15: 22
    +8
    So little by little, little by little, but we will restore our industry so that we depend less on universal people and be self-sufficient. as they say, GOD to help hi
  5. serega.fedotov
    serega.fedotov April 22 2014 15: 27
    0
    In Saratov, at the training ground near Sokol, I saw a helicopter flying a couple of times, a bloated kibina, a thin tail boom, a classic line-up, very similar to ANSAT but not him! I was looking for something similar on the websites! Can anyone tell me what kind of beast? heavy.
    1. AlNikolaich
      AlNikolaich April 22 2014 18: 57
      0
      Quote: serega.fedotov
      In Saratov, at the training ground near Sokol, I saw a helicopter flying a couple of times, a bloated kibina, a thin tail boom, a classic line-up, very similar to ANSAT but not him! I was looking for something similar on the websites! Can anyone tell me what kind of beast? heavy.

      Hi Sergeyitch! In the Falcon fly K-226, Mi-8, and just Ansat. Moreover, the latter appeared about three months ago. Yes, the article was on this topic. In Pugachev several times in the sky I saw K-52.
      P.S. Yesterday in the Balashov region I watched the flights of the AN-26. Trained cadets of military transport aviation!
  6. Weigher
    Weigher April 22 2014 15: 36
    +2
    In my opinion, the next stage in the development of the helicopter structure should be the placement of the "rim" on the main blades of the helicopter (as on the tail blades), which will increase: speed, power of the helicopter, and also allow changing the angle of inclination of the blades.
    1. goose
      goose April 22 2014 16: 10
      +3
      Yeah, and due to the cumbersome design of the rim, the diameter of the screw will decrease, the ability to fly in autorotation and the ability to fly vertically will be lost. Engine power will have to double, and the price tag will jump. Thanks, no, not even the military.
      1. Weigher
        Weigher April 22 2014 18: 09
        0
        "due to the bulkiness of the rim design, the screw diameter will decrease"
        Not necessarily, if it does not decrease much.
        "the ability to take off vertically will be lost"
        Will take off wink
    2. The comment was deleted.
    3. 11111mail.ru
      11111mail.ru April 22 2014 18: 06
      +1
      Quote: Weigher
      placing a "rim" on the main blades of the helicopter (as on the tail blades),

      Let's start with the "tail blades", this closed device is called, if I am not mistaken, a finistron and is intended mainly for safety purposes. If I am not mistaken, then the Golubovka airfield, in the early summer of 1984, a flight engineer died (two children became orphans), inadvertently passed by at the time of launching another helicopter (sober!).
      The carrier blades change the pitch of the blade from positive (towards the flow) to negative (towards the flow), this is called the cyclic pitch of the propeller. Try to rummage around on the Yu-Tube with helicopters and see how the ends of the rotor blades "swing out". After that, your assumptions will become unfounded.
      1. Weigher
        Weigher April 22 2014 18: 25
        0
        "primarily for security purposes"
        You suggested one more idea to me why it is necessary to make a rim: as protection of blades. wink
  7. Gagarin
    Gagarin April 22 2014 15: 53
    +2
    It's nice that the words do not diverge from the deed.
    Good luck in the production!
  8. Zomanus
    Zomanus April 22 2014 15: 54
    +3
    Little by little, Russia is rising. If you also raise the status of a working state-owned enterprise, it will be excellent in general. The state should ensure the working state enterprise in everything. He should not bathe on the subject of housing, kindergarten, school, treatment ... This should be a matter of honor, work at a state-owned enterprise.
  9. sso-xnumx
    sso-xnumx April 22 2014 16: 00
    0
    I would like, as in other countries, "Ansat" for rent or for personal use. Our country is great, you want to have time to see everything, you don't have time for a car ...
  10. andj61
    andj61 April 22 2014 16: 04
    +2
    Mi-2 was produced since 1965 and has long been outdated. Ansat, however, has also been created for a very long time, since the late 90s (in my opinion, the first was back in 1999), but the civilian version was certified only last year.
    Now these machines are very much needed. I can't understand whether it was really impossible to develop domestic engines on it, and not Pratt & Whitney PW-207K during this time? After all, this is an obvious dependence on the "gate"!
    Other than that, everything is just fine. I think that in the world these dragonflies will be in demand
  11. _Morpeh_
    _Morpeh_ April 22 2014 16: 07
    0
    I hope that he will be a worthy successor to the Mi-8!
    1. Rostovchanin
      Rostovchanin April 22 2014 16: 28
      +1
      I hope that he will be a worthy successor to the Mi-8!

      no ... rather mi-2, mi-6 .... mi-8 is heavy for him!
      1. Bayonet
        Bayonet April 22 2014 19: 17
        +2
        Quote: Rostovchanin
        no ... rather mi-2, mi-6.

        Well, just not Mi-6, if you please look at the photo.
        1. Rostovchanin
          Rostovchanin April 22 2014 19: 36
          0
          Well, just not Mi-6, if you please look at the photo.

          sorry!
    2. 11111mail.ru
      11111mail.ru April 22 2014 17: 49
      +1
      Quote: _Morpeh_
      will be a worthy successor to the Mi-8

      Something like a motor boat destroyer.
  12. Svetovod
    Svetovod April 22 2014 16: 57
    +2
    Quote: Weigher
    In my opinion, the next stage in the development of the helicopter structure should be the placement of the "rim" on the main blades of the helicopter (as on the tail blades), which will increase: speed, power of the helicopter, and also allow changing the angle of inclination of the blades.


    But no. Judge for yourself - the centrifugal pulling load on the blade is great, although it is useful - it stabilizes the blade-blades into a constant disk that changes its "taper" depending on the thrust. If you add a rim, then it will be:
    1) work against the screw itself - the swashplate will try against this gyroscope. And this gyroscope rim will introduce an element of inertia into controllability.
    2) the rim will experience terrible LATERAL loads, it will be sausage and eight.


    What should be tried so STEAM draft. Just for a laugh - make 5-10 steam nozzles in the lobes at the ends. Carry out the supply of water through the cavitation channel (stepped form with many "trampolines" tearing the water). According to my crazy idea - the water will be sucked in by itself due to the centrifugal load on it. The flow rate + cavitators will provide not just heating to boiling water, but vaporization. Steam puffing at right angles through mini-nozzles will accelerate the blades. All that is required is the control of the water supply and the initial spin up to the initial self-support rates. Well, a container for water, and a quick dial system from any container without landing ..
    I think there is something in this.
    1. Weigher
      Weigher April 22 2014 18: 22
      0
      "the rim will experience terrible LATERAL loads, it will be sausage and eight"
      The rim should be fixed and not spin. In my idea, a lot depends on the engineering solution, and modern materials.
    2. 11111mail.ru
      11111mail.ru April 22 2014 18: 47
      0
      Quote: Svetovod
      Well, a water tank, and a speed dial system from any tank without landing ..
      I think there is something in this.

      Not sure. One gram molecule of water is 18 grams. One gram mole of substance will approximately give in a volume of about 23 liters of water vapor ideally. Accordingly, with 1 ton of water we get 1278m.kub. water vapor. In industrial plants at a CHP plant, water is specially purified from salts. Something doesn't pull your water helicopter in a purely technological way.
    3. Weigher
      Weigher April 22 2014 19: 22
      0
      By the way, the rim can receive steam exiting through the blades and feed it back through the system, converting it into water again into the blades. wink
  13. mig31
    mig31 April 22 2014 16: 58
    0
    I would like, just like that, to sit down and fly to my mother-in-law on pancakes in a straight line 500km .....
  14. Giant thought
    Giant thought April 22 2014 16: 58
    0
    The country had long needed a light helicopter. Ansat, a bit late, but arrived in time. The car is not bad, it will be in demand here and abroad. We thank the creators of the helicopter for their successful work.
  15. Lone gunman
    Lone gunman April 22 2014 17: 00
    +3
    The Tatars still recaptured their helicopter, well, God bless them, the more the helicopter turned out to be not bad, but for me the KA-226 ...
  16. Saburo
    Saburo April 22 2014 17: 17
    +1
    I remember somewhere I saw a picture with the shock modification of Ansat, no one can say where it went?

    By the way, I am surprised that the power plant on it from Pratt & Whitney.
  17. Sma11
    Sma11 April 22 2014 18: 02
    +2
    And there is such an Ansat to replace the Brokeback good
    1. Saburo
      Saburo April 22 2014 18: 32
      0
      Wow, just some "Cobra" in ours. It seems for the first time I see a domestic helicopter with runners, for some reason we did not like them.
  18. The comment was deleted.
  19. NEMO7
    NEMO7 April 22 2014 20: 47
    0
    Voronezh residents photographed an unusual way of transporting a fighter using a helicopter))) I wonder how it will land ??!
  20. X-Man11121990
    X-Man11121990 April 22 2014 22: 00
    0
    Engines on this Ansat would first be put by domestic, and not all kinds of PV
  21. loki565
    loki565 April 23 2014 12: 28
    0
    But Kamov anneals