Military Review

Strategic Rocket Forces will test a new robotic complex

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A little more than a month ago, the press service of the Ministry of Defense reported on the plans of the department concerning various security systems. It was alleged that before the end of the current 2014, the strategic missile forces would receive new equipment designed to protect strategic facilities. In addition to other equipment, troops will receive robotic systems. In March, the Strategic Missile Forces began exploring the prospects of a new system of this class - a mobile military robotic complex of the military-purpose MRK VN. 16 April, the Ministry of Defense announced that tests of this promising system should start soon.



BPDM "Typhoon-M", autumn 2013 (photo - Konstantin Semenov, http://tvzvezda.ru)


On April 21, the strategic rocket forces will conduct complex tests, within the framework of which the work and interaction of several types of new equipment designed to protect important facilities and mobile missile systems will be tested. At the landfill, the Tayfun-M military anti-sabotage vehicle and the IRK VN robotic complex will operate simultaneously. In addition, an unmanned aerial vehicle will be used in tests. During the tests, the crews of the vehicles and the operators of the complexes will perform the training task of detecting and destroying the conditional enemy - the sabotage and reconnaissance group.

Strategic Rocket Forces will test a new robotic complex
Robotic complex ISC VN


According to published information, the tests will last two days and will be divided into two stages. On April 21, the crews of the vehicles and the operators of the complexes will take part in trials at the Serpukhov Military Institute (a branch of the Military Academy of the Strategic Missile Forces named after Peter the Great). On April 22, training shots are planned, the ground for which will be the FSUE “TsNIITOCHMASH” firing range in Klimovsk. During the second stage of testing, it is supposed to test the firing characteristics of the newest vehicles for strategic missile forces.

Combat anti-sabotage machine (BPDM) "Typhoon-M" is designed to ensure the security of the Strategic Missile Forces and units armed with mobile missile systems. The combat vehicle is based on the BTR-80 armored personnel carrier and carries a set of special equipment. The equipment set of the Typhoon-M machine makes it possible to monitor the environment and to detect potentially dangerous objects in a timely manner. It is known that Typhoon-M BPDM is equipped with an optical-electronic surveillance system with a thermal imager. In addition, the presence of a radar system is not excluded.

The surveillance systems used allow the crew of the vehicle to monitor the situation within a radius of several kilometers. Detection of armored vehicles of various classes is provided at distances up to 6 kilometers, of a person - up to 3 km. To increase the controlled area can be used light unmanned aerial vehicle equipped with means of observation. It is known that the machine "Typhoon-M" carries a system of electronic warfare, designed to suppress the explosive devices controlled by radio.

A remotely controlled combat module with a PKT machine gun and ammunition is mounted on the roof of the Typhoon-M BPDM. Such a weapon allows the anti-sabotage machine to carry out self-defense, as well as attack detected enemy saboteurs at distances of up to several hundred meters. If necessary, the crew can transfer information about the detected targets to another unit, which will deal with their neutralization.

There is still very little information on the mobile military robotic complex of the ICS VN. According to official data, the complex was designed by the Izhevsk Radio Plant specifically for use in strategic missile forces. It is assumed that the VLR HSC will be used by units equipped with Topol, Topol-M and Yars mobile missile systems. It is argued that the new robotic complex is capable of conducting reconnaissance and surveillance, as well as carry out the tasks of patrolling and, if necessary, destroying various targets.

To monitor the situation, the VLR IRS is equipped with optical-electronic and radar systems, which allow the detection of various objects in all weather conditions and at any time of the day. Declared the possibility of working in semi-automatic and automatic mode. Features of this work have not yet been announced. It is known that the complex can operate at a distance of 5 kilometers from the operator.

Unfortunately, at the moment there is only one photo of the complex IRK VN, however, it also allows you to understand the general features of the appearance of the car and present its approximate features. Fighting vehicle IRA VN based tracked chassis, apparently designed specifically for her. The running gear of the machine has five double support rollers, two supporting rollers, leading (in the rear part) and a steering wheel on each side. The type of power plant is unknown, probably using a gasoline or diesel engine.

In the central part of the body there is a combat module with a machine gun and a set of sighting equipment. The existing prototype carries a PKN machine gun of the 7,62 caliber, but the weapon attachment system may allow the use of other types of weapons, including a large-caliber machine gun or an automatic grenade launcher. In addition, some elements of the design suggest that the ISC VN carries several cameras to monitor the surrounding space.

As follows from the available information, the mobile robotic complex IRK VN should complement the Typhoon-M anti-sabotage machines. This complex is also capable of observing the terrain and, if necessary, to attack targets. Due to the smaller dimensions, the HVR ICC carries a less complex set of equipment, due to which this complex has less potential and not so wide possibilities. Nevertheless, the machine "Typhoon-M" and the complex IRK VN is supposed to be used together, which should provide greater flexibility of application.

According to the results of tests of 21 and 22 of April, a document may appear recommending a complex of high voltage switchgears for adoption. As reported in March, in 2014, the Russian strategic missile forces should receive the latest systems to ensure the safety of stationary objects and mobile missile systems.


On the materials of the sites:
http://function.mil.ru/
http://itar-tass.com/
http://vz.ru/
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23 comments
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  1. Professor
    Professor April 18 2014 08: 38
    +8
    The technique is interesting and necessary, but why in the Strategic Missile Forces? IMHO in the North Caucasus it is needed.
    1. Isum
      Isum April 18 2014 09: 36
      +5
      This complex is designed to protect the Strategic Missile Forces, and not to search for and destroy gangs, for such purposes it is still damp.
      1. Engineer
        Engineer April 21 2014 02: 42
        0
        This is not so .... This mobile robotic complex (RTO) has a range of 5 km .... Existing PGRKs are slightly larger .... In addition, the proposed RTOs have no radar - the media just confuse something, t. to. the inclusion of the radar unmasks the area of ​​combat patrol of the PGRK. Yes, the radar must be raised on a lifting mast device (PMU) which the MRC simply does not have. And yet .... the radar requires energy .... but this model has a problem with it. T.O. This RTO does not perform intelligence functions ... regarding the protection of PGRK by RTOs, there are many, many questions. That's just protection of the starting position of the PGRK .. this is what you need.
    2. KABAN009
      KABAN009 April 18 2014 14: 24
      +3
      Any large-scale aggression against our country includes the undermining of our nuclear potential. To destroy the mine regiments of our missile divisions, the enemy will use all means such as aviation, precision weapons and, of course, subversive groups. So we are waiting for this technique in the army!
      1. Professor
        Professor April 18 2014 15: 14
        +4
        Quote: KABAN009
        This complex is designed to protect the Strategic Missile Forces, and not to search for and destroy gangs, for such purposes it is still damp.

        As a rule, robots are sent to places where there is an increased danger for fighters, the protection of the Strategic Missile Forces is not the case.
        1. Engineer
          Engineer April 21 2014 02: 23
          0
          The main directions for improving the organizational and staff structure (OSH) of motorized rifle battalions that are part of individual motorized rifle brigades of the Ground Forces of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation can be considered: the creation of new robotic reconnaissance and fire systems of artillery units of the motorized rifle battalion; improving the management system and creating a single information space; creating a modular structure of SMEs, which allows creating groups of forces and means for actions in accordance with the current situation without changing the OSB of SMEs.
    3. Engineer
      Engineer April 21 2014 02: 35
      0
      But not in the Strategic Missile Forces .... the shown development of JSC IRZ is a circle of skillful hands ... That's what is needed ..... Analysis of hostilities in wars and armed conflicts shows that artillery must be ready to perform most of (before 70%) of the volume of fire missions in battle. To fulfill this requirement, it is necessary to have in the structure of subunits of a motorized rifle battalion such systems that can provide not only the necessary depth of fire impact on the enemy, but also the possibility of rapid dispersal of artillery in depth in the combat formations of its troops and the necessary massing of fire both along the front and in depth of battle formations. Studies have shown that an increase in the capabilities of long-range fire damage by 2,1 times due to the technical re-equipment of new artillery systems makes it possible to increase the combat capabilities of inflicting damage to the opposing side in battle by 40-45%. The inclusion of a mortar battery of mobile robotic systems in a rocket system multiple launch rocket launchers based on MS-227 launchers with 140-mm unguided rockets OFD-45 will allow to defeat the enemy at ranges up to 9500 m from the contact line, in contrast to the used transportable mortar 2S12 120-mm caliber, which has a firing range of 7100 meters ... Currently, an anti-tank platoon with three squads is part of the SMB OMSBR. The anti-tank platoon is armed with 9K115 Metis-M wearable anti-tank complexes with a firing range of 1500 meters. The inclusion in the OSH of an anti-tank platoon of a motorized rifle battalion of a mobile robotic anti-tank missile system equipped with two launchers (PU) 9P163-2 "Quartet", each of which contains four guides, will make it possible to defeat the enemy at ranges up to 5500 m from the contact line. The anti-tank platoon of the motorized rifle battalion will have 6 (six) MRK-ATGMs equipped with 12 9P163-2 launchers (each launcher contains 4 missiles) with 48 guided missiles instead of 9 9K115 missiles. The inclusion of a grenade launcher platoon in the OShS of a battery of mobile robotic complexes with a multiple launch rocket system (MRK-MLRS-2) based on B8M-1 launchers with 80-mm S-8KOM unguided aircraft missiles will make it possible to defeat the enemy at ranges up to 4000 m from the contact line, in contrast to the used 30-mm automatic grenade launcher AGS-17 "Flame", which has a firing range of 1700 meters. Thus, equipping the fire subdivisions of a motorized rifle battalion with the indicated samples of mobile robotic systems will increase the firing capabilities in range by 1,3 - 2,3 times, in terms of the amount of ammunition load up to 2 times, while the motorized rifle battalion becomes a unit capable of independently solving the main fire tasks.
  2. fktrcfylhn61
    fktrcfylhn61 April 18 2014 10: 05
    0
    Whatever the caterpillar, metal or composite, it has a limited resource.
    And it does not have a huge stability advantage over a wheeled mover. And the use of a motor wheel gives compactness and dynamics. In any case, the rifle turntable will have to be stabilized to increase the aiming range and rate of fire. So why lay obviously flawed decisions? Especially domestic specialists in this area at least! And there is no one to evaluate a complex of technical solutions sensibly! Everything is as always, empirically, production in single copies, especially in the current economic conditions. Target for sabotage specialists!
    1. Recon
      Recon April 18 2014 21: 27
      0
      I am not saying anything, but why are human robots also on tracks? All that I have seen so far.
    2. Engineer
      Engineer April 21 2014 02: 30
      0
      For all mobile robotic systems (RTOs) of tactical units (mortar batteries, anti-tank and grenade launcher platoons) of the Ground Forces, it is proposed to use the option of a two-axle wheeled chassis (see Figure 3,4,5). The wheel scheme on an all-wheel drive chassis allows for high passability, a sufficiently high speed of movement on roads and rough terrain (up to 38 kilometers per hour), great maneuverability, a large range of travel and motor resources with high load capacity (more than 5 tons). In addition, the proposed solution provides a greater degree of automation of engine and movement control. In the chassis of the MRK, the “computer power optimization” system is used, which keeps the engine and tandem pump power at an optimal level. Modes are selected according to different workloads to ensure high efficiency and reduced fuel consumption. This system includes features such as “automatic speed reduction” and “short-term power increase.” The microprocessor controller recognizes problems in the “computer power optimization” system caused by electrical and hydraulic malfunctions and transmits (in the form of error codes) to automated workplaces of mobile control center operators. This controller is capable of detecting 48 different types of errors. Information from this device (for example, such as engine speed, main pump supply pressure, battery voltage, oil temperature, status of all types of electric switches) allows the operator of a mobile control center (MPU) to more accurately assess the state of the chassis of the RTOs and thereby facilitates detection causes of malfunctions. A four-stroke turbodiesel with direct injection with a power of 140 hp / 2100 rpm and an engine displacement of 5900 cc is used. This power provides sufficient power supply of the complex MRK-PTRK-MLRS. Cruising cross country without additional fuel tanks, km, 350; Maximum speed over rough terrain, km / h, 38; Payload mass (rocket and artillery weapons), not less than, t, 5,9; Ground clearance, mm, 417 ..... something like that ....
  3. understudy
    understudy April 18 2014 10: 55
    0
    Well, what will happen to the saboteur when the sowing contraption yells, “Wait, who's coming !?” fellow
  4. Ascetic
    Ascetic April 18 2014 12: 34
    +2
    If you make it multifunctional, for example, give it the PXR function, then it makes sense. "Typhoon" is of course a qualitative breakthrough in terms of detecting and countering DRGs, but this robot is unlikely to inflict damage to a group, at best it will scare away and distract saboteurs, and this is bread of course. and trained operators and technicians on staff. if all this is hanged on the long-suffering commander of the group, then all this can be immediately written off to scrap, since in the end no one will know and be able to use them.
    In Serpukhov, there is also a similar device - a mobile robotic complex for radiation and chemical reconnaissance MRK-RH. In principle, nothing new has been used for a long time in robotic engineering. Reconnaissance and fire fighting.

    1. Engineer
      Engineer April 21 2014 02: 21
      0
      Tests of a similar robot manufactured by KB Display (Republic of Belarus) showed nothing good either in firing accuracy or in control. I would like to note that the proposed model of a mobile robotic complex (RTO) doesn’t have an arms stabilization system at all ... IRZ does not even know about it ... therefore, firing from the proposed RTO is impossible. In addition, the proposed RTO from IRZ does not have an orientation system at all .... i.e. It’s impossible to talk about the autonomy of the proposed RTOs (to be honest, IRZ OJSC does not have any competencies on this issue!). The United States has a roadmap for the development of ground-based autonomous RTOs .... we DO NOT have it. In 2000, an attempt was made in Russia to revive the direction of robotization by adopting the comprehensive target program (CCP) “IWT-2015 Robotization” in the interests of the Armed Forces. The program was aimed at conducting system-wide research, the formation of scientific, technical and technological groundwork, the development of experimental and prototypes of robotic systems (RTK). However, despite the successful completion of research carried out as part of the PCB “Robotization of VVT-2015” and the positive test results of the experimental and operational prototype models of ground-based robotic systems created in them, the R&D of them was never carried out, which actually led to the suspension research and development in the field of ground-based military robotics.
  5. Gagarin
    Gagarin April 18 2014 13: 13
    +3
    Somehow it would be scary to even approach Werther, such an armed robot, for service, he has a Windows bug and you get a queue of 7,62 mm ...
    1. Aleksey_K
      Aleksey_K April 18 2014 14: 35
      +3
      What nonsense you froze about Windows! In technology, this system is not used at all, cumbersome, unreliable, does not work in real time, in addition, it constantly sends information to America about itself and programs over the network and is controlled from abroad. Just go ... you can deliver it. And to approach her, the car, in case of failure, it is necessary with an RPG and through a trench. As soon as you see what is pointing at you - SHOOT with a grenade.
    2. Simple
      Simple April 18 2014 20: 12
      0
      Quote: Gagarin
      Somehow it would be scary to even approach Werther, such an armed robot, for service, he has a Windows bug and you get a queue of 7,62 mm ...


      This incident can be circumvented by the program logic of the control of electromechanics.
  6. andj61
    andj61 April 18 2014 15: 15
    +1
    Experts, speak out, and is there any sense in generally applying such a system in terms of price-quality ratios? After all, operators are still needed. Isn’t it easier to install stationary shooting systems (automatic cannon, machine gun) at the nodal points with well-thought-out shelling sectors and reliable redundant video surveillance systems?
    1. Recon
      Recon April 18 2014 21: 29
      +4
      How to be with Poplars and Yars. They are constantly moving.
      1. tchoni
        tchoni April 19 2014 09: 27
        0
        So you need a tool for the mobile deployment of the security perimeter.
    2. Engineer
      Engineer April 21 2014 02: 13
      0
      There is no point ... Specialists of the 3rd Central Research Institute of the RF Ministry of Defense emphasize that the development of robotic weapons for the Ground Forces is a relatively new and rather unconventional task. The first steps in this direction show that difficulties begin already at the stage of setting general requirements in the model of robotic weapons. Unfortunately, many Russian enterprises that do not yet carry out development work on the creation of RTOs have an understanding of the issues of using rocket and artillery weapons in autonomous robotic attack systems. Many developers do not have an understanding of the place and role of mobile robotic systems (RTOs) in the organizational and staff structure (OSH) of the motorized rifle battalion (SMB) of individual motorized rifle brigades (OMSB) of the Ground Forces ..... Strategic Rocket Forces are simply considering the initiative development of IRZ ... .. a lot of noise ...
  7. tchoni
    tchoni April 19 2014 09: 26
    +1
    I am glad that the robotization of our army has all the same begun. Let with the Strategic Missile Forces, where this robot is not really needed, but it has begun. I want to believe that in the near future motorized gunners will also get something similar.
    1. Engineer
      Engineer April 21 2014 02: 11
      0
      Here you are right ..... An analysis of military operations in wars and armed conflicts shows that artillery should be ready to carry out most (up to 70%) of the volume of fire missions in battle. To fulfill this requirement, it is necessary to have a motorized rifle battalion in the structure of units (SMEs) are such systems that can provide not only the necessary depth of fire impact on the enemy, but also the ability to quickly disperse artillery in depth in the battle formations of their troops and the necessary massing of fire both on the front and in the depth of battle formations. Studies of leading Russian military experts showed that 2,1 times increased capabilities for long-range fire damage due to technical re-equipment with new artillery systems can increase combat capabilities to damage the opposing side in battle by 40-45%.
      The main directions for improving the organizational and staff structure (OSH) of motorized rifle battalions that are part of individual motorized rifle brigades of the Ground Forces of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation can be considered: the creation of new robotic reconnaissance and fire systems of artillery units of the motorized rifle battalion; improving the management system and creating a single information space; creating a modular structure of SMEs, which allows creating groups of forces and means for actions in accordance with the current situation without changing the OSB of SMEs.
  8. Zomanus
    Zomanus April 19 2014 11: 51
    +1
    Well here, with the robot, it’s not so much a real application as support for developers and running in the field. One fig machine is not for work in a column. Most likely lowered as necessary.
  9. Engineer
    Engineer April 21 2014 02: 05
    0
    Strategic Missile Forces, a mobile robotic complex (MRK) is not needed - most likely it is just a tribute to fashion. The trouble with Russian developers is that they do not know the role and place of RTOs in the OShS SMB OMSBR ... where RTOs are really needed: a mortar battery, anti-tank and grenade launcher platoons ... But the developers need to know the missile and artillery weapons (RAV ) .... and know the existing RAV in SMEs. The MRK shown in the article was developed by OJSC IRZ ... it is not capable of working in an autonomous mode because does not have an autonomous navigation system (ANS). In fact, it is a remotely controlled robot that was developed back in the 40s of the last century. It makes no sense at all to talk about the possibility of working in a group (division). JSC IRZ has no competencies in the field of ANS (heart) of modern ground-based MRKs or software based on mathematics ... This whole "circle of skillful hands" is due to the fact that neither GRAU, nor 3 Research Institute of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, nor FGBU GNIITsR does not have a roadmap for the development and creation of ground reconnaissance and fire systems based on mobile robotic systems. Therefore, there are no clear TTZ .... and each manufacturer "sculpts" what they can ...
  10. silberwolf88
    silberwolf88 April 28 2014 17: 51
    0
    Robotic systems will be in great demand in the OS shelves for guarding regiments with silos.
    Perimeter alarm / security systems + response complex (a set of various means and systems of destruction.
    The operator and calculation gain (rapid response) can be positioned at the "mother position".
    In my opinion, this can be a very promising direction.