Military Review

Unified fire control machine

36
Unified fire control machine



Automated control systems provide the implementation of complex tasks arising in the management of troops and fire weapons. At the Penza plant Radiozavod, for many years they have been creating similar special-purpose equipment, including a unified command and control artillery vehicle (product 1В172-2).

Artillery was and remains one of the main attack tools of the armed forces. No wonder it is often called the “god of war”, and today this technology accounts for up to 70 percent of fire destruction tasks. Any modern system of artillery armament is capable of performing the tasks of fire destruction of targets only under the condition of automation of management processes.

For more than 30 years, the automated control systems created at the Penza-based Radiozavod enterprise have ensured the effective fulfillment of complex troop control tasks and weapons.

One of these systems is the unified command and observation (command and staff) artillery machine. The system called "Product 1В172-2" was created in order to automate the management of fire and combat operations of the artillery division. It is intended for use with in-house and maintenance reconnaissance equipment during planning, preparation, and during combat, including as part of heterogeneous groups. Provides management of artillery reconnaissance and interaction with the general arms units.

KMN allows you to automate the work of the commander and chief of staff of the artillery battalion, the commander and senior officer of the battery self-propelled, towed artillery and self-propelled battalion artillery.



The unified machine provides a solution to a large list of tasks:
- control of the battalion (battery) at all stages of the preparation and conduct of hostilities;
- processing and displaying input and output data, instructions, commands, reports, reports, results of solving problems and information processed by PC;
- data transmission, external and internal communication via radio and wired channels;
- automated maintenance of the work card and other combat documents;
- Reception from servicing technical means of reconnaissance and data processing by targets;
- observation of the battlefield, reconnaissance in day and night conditions with built-in and remote optical-electronic means;
- orientation and topographic location of fire means;
- determination of meteorological and ballistic shooting conditions;
- driving columns on the march and when moving.

The high survivability of this machine on the battlefield is ensured by the built-in complex of individual protection against precision weapons and the presence of remotely controlled machine gun weapons. Also to protect KMN used means of masking and shelter.

Technical and software tools of the unified machine have a flexible modular structure, which allows you to adapt each configuration to the various tasks of managing artillery units.

The command and observation system is informationally and technically fully compatible with the artillery control subsystem of the ESU TZ. The system is not inferior in its characteristics, and even surpasses world analogues in the field of organizing information exchange and the functionality of automated workplaces of officials.

Special software has been created for the effective management of artillery units by maximizing the combat capabilities of full-time and modernized artillery systems.

The use of a unified command and observation machine 1B172-2 significantly increases the efficiency and stability of the management of artillery units. KMN also helps officials optimally make serious decisions.

Radiozavod is one of the leading instrument-making enterprises in Russia. Included in the holding company "Roselectronika".

“Roselectronika” unites enterprises of the electronic industry, specializing in the development and production of electronic component base, electronic products, electronic materials and equipment for their manufacture, as well as microwave equipment and semiconductor devices. It is part of Rostec State Corporation.
Originator:
http://rostec.ru/research/project/4513146
36 comments
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  1. platitsyn70
    platitsyn70 April 12 2014 07: 34
    +8
    necessary and good combat unit.
    1. StolzSS
      StolzSS April 12 2014 10: 41
      0
      YES machine useful in the field.
    2. avg
      avg April 12 2014 14: 54
      +7
      Any modern system of artillery weapons is capable of fulfilling the tasks of fire destruction of targets only under the condition of automation of control processes.

      Does the author seriously think so?
      1. jjj
        jjj April 12 2014 18: 22
        +3
        That's just one thing confusing. Our troops are beginning to get used to moving around and fighting with convenience. On the one hand, this is good, but with a successful hit in this "mobile command post", will the dismounted fathers-commanders be able to manage the battery operation effectively. On the street and the breeze, and damp, and mosquitoes bite
        1. just exp
          just exp April 14 2014 07: 13
          0
          this is an important issue, in reality, during the USSR, our emphasis was on general-arms training, using conventional weapons, since the guided one ends quickly, and if this is not critical in the war with the Papuans, then this is a very important nuance in a big war. and ours could complete the task in any situation. and now when everything is tied to computers and all kinds of navigation systems that are likely to fail, I’m now not sure if they will complete the task.
  2. plahish_alex
    plahish_alex April 12 2014 09: 58
    +3
    yeah, the machine has changed a lot since the 89th year, glad))
  3. serega.fedotov
    serega.fedotov April 12 2014 10: 19
    +3
    Still, the "zoo" would be modernized!
    1. cdrt
      cdrt April 12 2014 20: 37
      0
      How terrible she looks laughing
      I understand exactly this option in the brigade, where in the SME on BMP-3.
      I hope the word unified means a set of equipment that can be put on those machines on which the SME of the corresponding brigade moves: to BMP-2, to BTR-80, to MTLB
  4. tchoni
    tchoni April 12 2014 10: 38
    +6
    Yes, advertising is an expresso engine .... It would be interesting to read about the system of protection against the WTO.
    According to the photo: arma looks quite comfortable (although the joystick as a manipulator is not ice in my opinion), however, the presence of a fan suggests that there is no condender. The wires under the operator's feet are the same fenya: as experience shows, an army boot is stronger than the connectors and soldering in them. The same can be said about the "head of the gorgon jellyfish" from the wires in the passage - they will cut off the lover (especially in winter).
    A machine gun for such a machine is a thing, let’s say, not of prime necessity.
    1. Owl
      Owl April 12 2014 11: 31
      +1
      I agree, self-defense weapons from enemy fighters armed with small arms and grenade launchers are necessary.
  5. BOB48
    BOB48 April 12 2014 10: 45
    +1
    and where is the performance characteristics? the article is not complete, I want a detailed continuation !!
    1. NIVH
      NIVH April 12 2014 13: 48
      +5
      Main technical characteristics:

      Number of workstations (AWS):
      - AWP officials 3
      - ARS signalman 1
      - It is possible to connect two wearable computers.
      Time to prepare and bring teams to the gun, not more than 3,5 minutes
      Time to bring teams to one instance, no more than 9 seconds
      Range of communication with higher, subordinates,
      interacting objects up to 300 km
      Product deployment / folding time, not more than 5 min
      Product uptime 72 hours

      At the request of the customer, the product 1V172-2 can be manufactured on any transport base: MT-Lbu chassis, chassis based on BMP-3 components and assemblies, GAZ-233014 Tiger chassis, K1Sh1 (BTR-80) chassis.

      The technical means of product 1B172-2 include a portable set of automation tools - product 1B183, designed to organize the remote workplace of an official at a command and control point of control.

      On the basis of command and observation vehicles 1B172-2 and remote automation tools (products 1B183), a set of tools can be created designed to provide automated control of an artillery (mortar) battery.
      The list of tasks
      1. Solving the tasks of managing the artillery (mortar) battery at all stages of the preparation and conduct of hostilities.
      2. Communication and exchange of information through data channels.
      3. Reception and processing of combat orders, orders and reports.
      4. Formation and communication of combat orders, orders and reports.
      5. Display and storage of input and output formalized and informal messages, results of problem solving, cartographic information.
      6. Navigation on the march and when moving.
      7. Monitoring the calculation of installations for firing.
    2. The comment was deleted.
  6. gregor6549
    gregor6549 April 12 2014 12: 45
    +2
    The Penziaks, of course, are great, but this machine, including the software, was developed at NIISA (Minsk) back in the 80s within the framework of the ROC on the "Maneuver" automated control system. Of course, some of the outdated technical means of the Penzyaki were replaced with more modern ones (displays, joysticks, etc.), but these changes can hardly be called significant. And this applies not only. Actually, the entire range of products currently being produced by the Penza Radio Plant, including the famous "Constellation", is nothing more than a slightly modernized product of the ACCU Maneuver developed by Minskers. Those. new in this case is not completely forgotten old
  7. gregor6549
    gregor6549 April 12 2014 13: 10
    +9
    And further. "The system is not inferior in its characteristics, and even surpasses world analogues in the field of organizing information exchange and the functionality of automated workstations for officials." It would be nice if the author referred to such "analogs" and gave a comparative analysis of performance characteristics, cost, efficiency, etc. this machine and similar ones. And then phrases about superiority over world analogues or about the fact that such developments have no analogues in the world are already perceived as an anecdote. Only discoveries have no analogues. Everything else has. And in this case, there is an ordinary and rather trivial design work that is not even protected by a patent.
    1. tchoni
      tchoni April 13 2014 12: 22
      +1
      "have no analogues" is like an anecdote:
      - Who is it?
      - The elusive Joe !!!
      - What, no one can catch?
      “Yes, who the fuck is needed?”
  8. Landwarrior
    Landwarrior April 12 2014 14: 35
    0
    ABOUT! This means that not all of the Penza "defense industry" turned fins in the 90s. This is very pleasing good
  9. k_ply
    k_ply April 12 2014 14: 47
    0
    Unknown scribbler for newly invented abbreviation KMN "-", just head off.
    Artillery KShM division link, unified with hodovka BMP-3. Such unification would make sense if the BMP-3 and vehicles on its base were the basis in the army, or were a family of promising BBMs, then based on the old MT-LB and BTR-80. Machine for export?
    1. 77bob1973
      77bob1973 April 14 2014 07: 32
      0
      Well, let's say on this base we have not only BMP but also BRDM, as well as ATGM "Chrysanthemum".
  10. CHEMPION
    CHEMPION April 12 2014 17: 09
    0
    Very cool car, just super our Russia !! Russia has the best technology in the whole world!
  11. doc62
    doc62 April 12 2014 17: 42
    0
    glad that more alive than dead
  12. andrei72
    andrei72 April 12 2014 17: 44
    0
    Quote: gregor6549
    And further. "The system is not inferior in its characteristics, and even surpasses world analogues in the field of organizing information exchange and the functionality of automated workstations for officials." It would be nice if the author referred to such "analogs" and gave a comparative analysis of performance characteristics, cost, efficiency, etc. this machine and similar ones. And then phrases about superiority over world analogues or about the fact that such developments have no analogues in the world are already perceived as an anecdote. Only discoveries have no analogues. Everything else has. And in this case, there is an ordinary and rather trivial design work that is not even protected by a patent.
    "Plusanul", because I also do not believe in "superiority over world analogues" ...
  13. RBXize
    RBXize April 12 2014 17: 53
    0
    One question. When will it enter the troops?
    1. smershxnumx
      smershxnumx 20 November 2014 14: 58
      0
      Duc, it’s time to write off with such a filling .... laughing
    2. smershxnumx
      smershxnumx 20 November 2014 14: 58
      0
      Duc, it’s time to write off with such a filling .... laughing
  14. Ermek
    Ermek April 12 2014 18: 37
    0
    The trunk is clean, the rollback is normal!
  15. padonok.71
    padonok.71 April 12 2014 20: 28
    +1
    And we have such a type, but on the basis of the 66th was. This, I tell you, was passion. When I worked, and this was not very often, the thing is very useful. But basically it was constantly minced, minced, and the signalmen on it dried the retuses (there are two antennas there, as if specially for this case). I hope this will be better with reliability.
  16. Lesorub
    Lesorub April 12 2014 22: 48
    +1
    A good car - the main thing to staff on the staff!
  17. Mature Hrych
    Mature Hrych April 13 2014 06: 24
    0
    What will the combat unit do when the enemy destroys this command machine? Question. I think that this machine should be used as an addition to the control system, otherwise the same, for example, the battery howitzer will simply go blind and become deaf when this control machine is lost.
  18. scientist
    scientist April 13 2014 10: 22
    0
    Creating automated fire control systems is a good idea. But was it really so difficult to provide remote antennas for transmit-receive stations. After all, a serious opponent detects it immediately after deployment, and naturally this machine will become a primary goal.
  19. Zomanus
    Zomanus April 13 2014 10: 52
    0
    At the expense of self-defense and a machine gun is enough. The machine is not the leading edge. At the expense of wires and connectors, I agree that what can be torn will be torn. It’s interesting, but can she issue target designations for artillery biplanes?
    1. The comment was deleted.
    2. The comment was deleted.
  20. k_ply
    k_ply April 13 2014 17: 05
    +1
    Quote: Hard Hrych
    What will the combat unit do when the enemy destroys this command machine? Question. I think that this machine should be used as an addition to the control system, otherwise the same, for example, the battery howitzer will simply go blind and become deaf when this control machine is lost.

    There are two KShM in the division (commander and deputy commander), artillery batteries and fire platoons have their own commanders and command and control units (KShM), in addition, in the case of modernization of self-propelled howitzers (SG) "Msta-S" (there is a VHF radio station, retrofitting with a positioning and navigation system and EBV - an electronic ballistic computer integrated into a digital automated control system) calculations will be able to have tactical autonomy and can independently receive targeting from fire support "customers", advanced artillery observers (PAN), military reconnaissance (incl . Ground reconnaissance radar), etc. and act (fire) in coordination with other calculations of the SG, realizing the principle of "fired and disappeared".

    Quote: scientist
    Creating automated fire control systems is a good idea. But was it really so difficult to provide remote antennas for transmit-receive stations. After all, a serious opponent detects it immediately after deployment, and naturally this machine will become a primary goal.

    Some features of RT reconnaissance (radio direction finding) of electronic equipment (RES):
    For reconnaissance of the location of many operating transceivers of radio stations of various control levels from platoon and below, to battalion / division and above and not static (portable, transportable, stationary on cars and BM) of the most common meter wavelength range (HF / VHF) and operating at a distance up to 30 km. (firing range of 155-mm artillery systems), then the circular probable deviation (CEP) is 500-1500 m., the lower and upper limit of the value of this error is equal to a circle with an area of ​​0,75 to 7 square km., i.e. ... this is enough only to open the approximate deployment area, for a PROBABLE defeat a volley of MLRS cluster munitions or barrage artillery battery barrage fire will be required, which will reveal the positions of its own fire weapons of rocket and cannon artillery (in case this is a "trick"). KVO = 500m. accounts for up to 10% of transmitters' notches, when transmitted in clear text, and not in encrypted form in the HF frequency hopping mode, i.e. not a fixed frequency (provided by a special protection module for modern VHF radio stations).
    Autopsy of the location with the issuance of the coordinates of target determination of the positions of ground-based radars of the main centimeter range at a distance of up to 30 km. KVO = 100-200m., which is enough for aimed fire and destruction by artillery.
    1. k_ply
      k_ply April 13 2014 20: 44
      +2
      Quote: scientist
      ... After all, a serious enemy detects it immediately after deployment, and naturally this machine will become a primary goal.

      Based on the above-described features of the operation of RTR ground stations - how can the adversary know that the direction-finding transmitter is a command-and-control artillery command and control radio station?
      1. scientist
        scientist April 13 2014 22: 35
        0
        Quote: k_ply
        how can the adversary find out that the direction-finding transmitter is a CWM radio station of the artillery division command?

        In modern RTR tools, etl is done automatically. In terms of traffic volume and concentration of communications. At least 4 radio stations are put on the KShM. The operating parameters of all radio stations are hammered into the database, like passports. As a result, the opening of a force grouping by such systems as Ukrainian Chainmail takes place within 10-15 minutes.
    2. The comment was deleted.
    3. Vita_vko
      Vita_vko April 13 2014 21: 31
      +1
      Quote: k_ply
      Circular Probable Deviation (CVO) is 500-1500m

      This is if coordinates will be determined using direction finders. But there are more serious means of RTR such as VERA and Orion, which determine the coordinates by correlation methods and there the accuracy is an order of magnitude higher. But all this data is taken for a single measurement. But if the transmitter works for a long time (tens of minutes), then even with the help of conventional direction finders with a bearing accuracy of 0,5 degrees, it is possible to accumulate enough statistics to calculate coordinates with a CVO of up to 10 m. At the same time, SICH, as you say, techies signalmen usually use the frequency hopping mode for modern intelligence receivers does not play any role. If only the frequency hopping speed is very high (more than 500 jumps per second, then it is almost impossible to put an impact interference.
      Quote: k_ply
      for a PROBABLE defeat, a multiple launch rocket launcher will be required

      This is if you do not take into account the WTO. A fairly large arsenal of missiles and shells homing for radiation has been created. As the saying goes to "grandmothers do not go" for the sake of destroying PU, they will definitely not be saved.
      For example, in Yugoslavia, the combat cycle from the inclusion of a military transmitting station until its discovery was no more than 30 seconds. If a decision was made to destroy with the help of aviation weapons, then the bombing began already in 20-30 minutes, and if with missiles it was 2 times faster.
  21. awg75
    awg75 April 13 2014 20: 16
    0
    In my time, MTLBu-based KShM was an excellent product. walkable and comfortable. put the filling up to date and there will be no price
  22. Engineer
    Engineer April 13 2014 21: 34
    +2
    I know this car not by hearsay ... I would not want to upset readers. But .. the accuracy of target coordinates issuing is yesterday .... Orientation and topographic location 1В172-2 - 19th century !!!!! ..In the field to the firing position of the mortar battery + turn on the electronic warfare station and let them transmit data on the targets of the mortar battery. And yet ... let them tell you what accuracy they get from 1L219 !!!!! I would look at them ... And even put these developers next to 2C12 .....
  23. k_ply
    k_ply April 14 2014 15: 23
    +1
    It’s my fault that an error occurred in the issue under discussion, talking about radio interception and direction finding you need to keep in mind the radio reconnaissance station (RR), and not the (passive) radio-technical reconnaissance (RTR) station, which, in turn, provide the detection, type recognition and location of the military air defense radar, field artillery and military reconnaissance (battlefield reconnaissance radar) and airborne radars air targets, which include the complexes "Kolchuga", "Vera" and "Vega" (st. "Orion"), which you incorrectly mentioned, hence the misunderstanding.
    Excuse me! misleading here:
    Quote: k_ply
    Some features of RT reconnaissance (radio direction finding) of electronic equipment (RES):

    and here:
    Quote: k_ply
    Based on the above-described features of the operation of RTR ground stations - how can the adversary know that the direction-finding transmitter is a command-and-control artillery command and control radio station?

    Circular Probable Deviation (CVL) led to compare the accuracy of determining the location at RR и RTR intelligence electronic equipment (RES) of the enemy.
    Quote: Vita_vko
    This is if you do not take into account the WTO. A fairly large arsenal of missiles and shells homing for radiation has been created. As the saying goes to "grandmothers do not go" for the sake of destroying PU, they will definitely not be saved.

    - Homing on Radar radiation. And what kind of PU are we talking about? We need to cover exactly the KShM radio transmitter, which is why we are talking about weapons operating over areas (MLRS and cluster munitions), and about the inappropriateness in the d.s. the autopsy positions of its MLRS, or batteries of 6 (8) howitzers were mentioned.