Military Review

"Uzi" - man and machine

62
"Uzi" - man and machine



How Uziel Gal created one of the most famous submachine guns and why is it weapon now it is in service with one hundred armies of the world

One of the first and most famous models of small arms melee was an Israeli machine "Uzi". It has been produced for more than fifty years, and all this time it has been continuously improved.

The Uzi submachine gun (or rather, a submachine gun, that is, an automatic melee weapon for a pistol cartridge) is considered one of the most popular types of small arms for the entire world history. In the years since the creation of the legendary machine gun, its sales have exceeded $ 3 billion. Today, more than two million barrels of the famous machine gun are in service with the armies and special services of ninety-five countries.

The reasons for such widespread acceptance of the Uzi machine gun, which has become one of the symbols of the twentieth century, are rooted in its original design, compactness, high reliability and rate of fire.

The history of the Uzi submachine gun is inextricably linked to the life of its creator - the Israeli self-taught gunsmith, Lieutenant Colonel Uziel Galya, by whose name he was named. The biography of the brilliant gunsmith is no less complicated and confusing than the story of his brainchild.

From Bavaria to the Land of Israel

Uziel Gal did not always bear that name. He was born in 1923 in the German city of Weimar and at birth he was called Gothard Glass (according to other sources, his real name was Kurt Borkhard). He was born in a prosperous Jewish family - his father Erich had his own business in Munich, his mother Millie was an artist, his younger sister Elsa grew up together with Gothard.

For the whole life of the future gunsmith imprinted passion of his father. During the First World War, Erich Glass was an officer in the German army and kept his army habits in peaceful life — he was a great connoisseur and collector of weapons. The walls of the house in Munich, where the Glass family lived, decorated the old cold and firearms, and the knightly armor from the collection of his father, who carefully examined and repaired all copies of his collection.


Jewish refugees from Germany to the UK, 1938 year. Photo: AP


Passion for weapons, following the example of his father, took possession of a small Gothardt. Already in 10 years he made his first self-made gun, which, however, exploded in his hands and the young designer received severe burns, and in 15 years he designed the original automatic crossbow.

Erich Glass was a staunch Zionist (a supporter of the revival of the Jewish state in the historic homeland) and for the sake of this goal he broke up with his family, going with a group of German Zionists to Palestine. A family that did not share the father’s Zionist views remained in Germany.

The peaceful course of the life of the Glass family, like all Germanic Jews, was disrupted by Hitler's rise to power in 1933. The Nazis continuously introduced new discriminatory restrictions for German Jews, which soon led to the Holocaust.

The first years of the Nazi regime, the Glass family remained in Germany. Gotthard studied at a Jewish gymnasium and planned to join his father in Palestine. The circumstances were extremely unfavorable for Germanic Jews - in Nazi Germany, anti-Semitism intensified, but the paths of exodus were closed by Great Britain, which then ruled Palestine.

The British authorities, in order to please the Palestinian Arabs, completely shut off the entry of Jewish refugees to Palestine, which condemned millions of European Jews to death in the Nazi death camps during the Holocaust.

Such a decision by Great Britain caused outrage throughout the world, and then the British authorities made a truly Jesuit decision - they allowed ten thousand Jewish children from Germany and Austria to be sent to the UK, but they were forbidden to their parents, who were condemned to death.

Eleven-year-old Gotthard was one of these Jewish children, who were accompanied to their UK by parents who had never seen their children again.

In England, exported Jewish children were distributed to families who voluntarily chose to accept small refugees. One of these English families was the family of Roberts' grocer from the town of Grantham. A grocer's daughter insisted on taking a Jewish girl from Germany. As time passes, the grocer’s daughter will be Margaret Thatcher, the prime minister of Great Britain.

On the Land of Israel

In 1936, Gotthard Glass's father managed to get permission from the British authorities to transfer his son to Eretz Israel. Thirteen-year-old Gotthard Glass settled with his father in Kibbutz Yagur near Haifa and adopted the Hebrew name Uziel (Uzi) Gal, under which he will become known to the whole world.

The time was not easy. In 1936, the Palestinian Arabs, led by the agents of Nazi Germany, raised an armed insurgency against the British and the Jewish population of Eretz Israel. The response to the Arab terror was the hostilities of the Jewish underground army of Hagan (Defense), together with the British troops, firmly and resolutely suppressing the pro-Nazi Arab riot.


Detachment Palmach.


Uzi became a direct participant in the events in his native kibbutz. During the day, the kibbutzniks worked in the fields, and at night they beat the attacks of the Arabs in arms. There was no time for school - Uzi from 14 began working in a kibbutz metal workshop, where he not only worked in the repair of tractors and agricultural equipment - there, in secret from the British authorities, made weapons for Jewish combat units, including the most popular submachine gun STEN. Uzi Gal got an important experience of making small arms with his own hands.

In 1942, the Uzi joined in the Palmach. The detachments of the Palmachs (an abbreviation of the Hebrew words "strike companies") played an important role in the war for the creation of a Jewish state. Thousands of Jewish boys and girls voluntarily joined them in order to bring the hour of the creation of the state of Israel closer in arms. In Israel, there is the expression "generation Palmach" - so called young volunteers of those years who are ready to give their own lives for the ideals of Zionism and the Jewish state. The ideology of Palmach was largely pro-communist and pro-Soviet — the Soviet Union and the Red Army were an example for young Zionists.

Uzi became a gunsmith in the detachment "Givat Haim". It was there in the rare free moments Uzi began to develop his submachine gun, glorified the name of its designer.

With the details of his submachine gun, Uzi Gal was captured by a British patrol at the end of 1943. The sentence of the British military tribunal was harsh - Uzi Gal was sentenced to seven years in prison for carrying weapons.

Uzi Gal's term was serving time in the prison of the city of Acre. There, for the first time, a self-taught locksmith had the opportunity to study in absentia the fundamentals of engineering in absentia — he performed several tests on assignments that he received from an English engineering college. After being released from prison two years later under an amnesty, Uzi Gal resumed work on his project in the workshop of Yagur, but the War for the Independence of Israel that began in 1948 for a long time postponed his plans.

He fought on the northern front, in the infantry. First, the detachment commander, then became a platoon commander. In between fights, Uzi continued to work on his project.

Creating a machine "Uzi"

In the summer of 1949, Lieutenant Gal was sent to study at the officer infantry school. 20 October 1949, he sent a letter to the head of the school, Lieutenant Colonel Meir Zora, describing his submachine gun and demonstrated the current model. The Uzi Galya submachine gun had an original design - the Uzi automatics worked on the principle of recoil of a free gate.


"Uzi". Photo: James Keyser / Getty Images


The main feature of such a shutter design is that before the shot its front comes into the breech breech. The shot in the Uzi submachine gun occurs on the bolt vykat (i.e. while moving the bolt forward), because the recoil is directed not backwards, but forward.

The combat experience of Uzi Galya left an imprint on the design of such an important detail of the machine as the store, which is located in the handle, and recharging takes place on the principle of “hand finds hand” - this is very convenient for quick replacement of the store during the battle, especially in complete darkness.

The high reliability of the Uzi machine gun was influenced by the combat experience of its designer — it developed its weapon for extreme fighting conditions in mountain-desert terrain with dust storms and high temperatures.

The production technology of the Uzi automatic machine is extremely simple - most of the parts can be made by cold stamping on universal machine equipment. Care of the machine is also uncomplicated - it is well protected from dust and sand and can be disassembled into only five components.

The design of the submachine gun, developed by Uziel Galem, was a real breakthrough in the shooting business. Compared to traditional weapons, in which the shot takes place with a fixed shutter, it was possible to halve the mass of the machine gun and significantly reduce the overall dimensions of the weapon. It was almost a new word in the creation of small arms.

The head of the officer courses, Lieutenant Colonel M. Zora, immediately praised the new weapon and after a few days addressed the head of the training department of the IDF, Colonel Haim Laskov, with a letter of recommendation.

The letter, in particular, stated:

“I personally checked the weapon and here are my conclusions:
A. Convenient to use (fits perfectly in hand);
B. In instinctive shooting "from the knee" surpasses any weapon I know;
B. High accuracy;
D. There are no misfires, except for misfires associated with poor-quality ammunition. ”

Already on October 31 1949, the Chief of the General Staff, General Yaakov Dori, ordered the creation of a commission to study the production of a new submachine gun.

Uzi received two workers and a workshop, where he finally completely devoted himself to work on his project. A year later, the first prototype of a submachine gun was ready.

Uzi Galya was distinguished by modesty, combined with personal courage in battle. He desperately opposed to having his name assigned to an automaton. However, the TAAS company, a weapon manufacturer, rejected Galya’s request not to give the machine his name, citing the fact that, in addition to the name Uzi, this is also an abbreviation of the words “My power in God” in Hebrew.

In the 1951 year, the IDF tested the Uzi, in 1953, it began mass production, and in 1955, the machine was finally adopted by the IDF. Already in 1953, the Uzi was tested in combat - they were armed with special forces during retaliation operations in Gaza. The Sinai 1956 campaign of the year only confirmed the remarkable fighting qualities of the new machine gun, which were armed with paratroop units.

Triumph of Uziel Galya

Many years of work designer finally received recognition. In November 1955, Uziel Gal was awarded a special order of the Chief of the General Staff for military invention, in 1958, he was awarded the State Prize of Israel.

Unique weapons are interested all over the world. In 1956, the Uzi submachine gun was presented at a competition in the Netherlands and won first place, beating such eminent competitors as the Swedish machine gun "Karl Gustav" and the British "Sterling".

In 1958, the Uzi was adopted by the Dutch army. During the visit of German Defense Minister Franz Joseph Strauss to Israel, Uziel Gal showed his machine gun to that. Strauss, who was a Wehrmacht tank officer during the war, immediately appreciated all the advantages of the Uzi machine gun - compact and reliable, he most fully met the requirements for personal weapons of tank crews. Soon, "Uzi" was adopted by the German armored forces.

The “Uzi” machine gun and its modifications “Mini-Uzi” and “Micro-Uzi” were adopted by the armies and special services of almost a hundred countries. Among the famous of his "users" is the presidential guard.


Uziel Gal (left) and Josef Strauss, 1958 year. Photo: Moshe Pridan / AFP / East NewsUziel Hal (left) and Josef Strauss, 1958 year. Photo: Moshe Pridan / AFP / East News


Revenues from Uzi's sales amounted to billions of dollars, but Uziel Gal refused his author's remuneration - he believed that he had simply fulfilled his patriotic duty and the billions of dollars received should serve the state.

Uzi Gal continued to design weapons. Its design bureau has developed dozens of modifications of the Uzi for a wide range of combat use.

From 1957, Uzi Gal led the development of a new assault rifle. It was a keen competition with another outstanding Israeli designer - Israel Galili (Balashnikov), whose design bureau led the development of similar small arms. The Giants Fight ended with the defeat of Uzi Galya - the military technical committee of the General Staff adopted the IDF assault rifle Galil, the brainchild of Israel Galili’s design bureau.

In 1976, Lieutenant Colonel Uzi Gal retired. For seriously ill daughter, Irit needed medical assistance in the United States, where the Gal family moved. In the US, Uzi Gal continued the design of small arms. For the weapons company Ruger, he created the MP-9 submachine gun based on his previous designs. During the filming of the blockbuster "Terminator II: Judgment Day" Uzi Gal was a consultant for Lynda Hamilton on military affairs and handling weapons.

9 September 2002 of the year Uziel Gal died at the 79 year of life. He was buried with military honors in Israel, next to his wife and daughter in the kibbutz Yaghur cemetery.

With the demise of the ingenious designer, the story of his brainchild did not end - for decades the state-owned IMI (Israel Military Industries) continued to develop new modifications and manufacture small arms under the world-famous Uzi brand. Recently there has been developed a submachine gun "Uzi-Pro", which promises to be the same world hit as its legendary ancestor.

The submachine gun Uzi Pro also uses automatics with a free gate. The barrel of the weapon is made by stamping from steel sheet, the body of the firing mechanism is made with a pistol grip and the trigger guard is made of high-strength plastic. The Picatinny rail is mounted on the cover of the receiver, on which you can mount a telescopic sight and other accessories, such as a laser pointer and others.

According to Uri Amit, the general director of the IMI concern, in a modern war, such powerful and compact weapons as the Uzi-Pro is an indispensable element of equipping special forces soldiers and combat units.
Author:
Originator:
http://rusplt.ru/world/uzi--chelovek-i-avtomat-9149.html
62 comments
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  1. La-5
    La-5 April 11 2014 07: 59
    +2
    Ultrasound is a Jewish PCA. :)
    1. atalef
      atalef April 11 2014 08: 13
      +11
      La-5 Today, 07:59 AM New
      Ultrasound is a Jewish PCA. :)


      La 5 - then - it's a Jewish plane laughing
      Semyon Alekseevich (Simon Alterovich) Lavochkin (August 29 (September 11) 1900, Smolensk - June 9, 1960, Sary-Shagan training ground, Karaganda region of the Kazakh SSR) - Soviet aviation designer.

      Corresponding member of the USSR Academy of Sciences, major general of engineering and aviation services, four times Stalin Prize laureate, twice Hero of Socialist Labor (1943, 1956).
      Born in Smolensk in a Jewish family. Father - Alter Ilyich Lavochkin, Melamed [1]; mother Gita Savelievna is a housewife.

      He graduated from the city school in Roslavl, then, with a gold medal, the Kursk gymnasium (1917). Since 1918 - in the Red Army - he fought as a Red Army soldier. In 1920 he served in the border guard. At the end of 1920, he was demobilized and sent to study in Moscow. He graduated in 1927 from the Moscow Higher Technical School (now MSTU named after Bauman) - received the qualification of an aeromechanical engineer.
  2. Bongo
    Bongo April 11 2014 08: 02
    +23
    The design of the submachine gun developed by Uziel Halem was a real breakthrough in the small arms business.

    This is so, unless you take into account that in 1949 in Czechoslovakia the production of PP designed by J. Holechek -Sa.23 began. This weapon was supplied to Arab countries and participated in a number of Arab-Israeli conflicts. Apparently, Uziel Gal got acquainted with the design of the Czechoslovakian submarine captured as trophies. Apparently for a reason: "He desperately opposed the fact that the machine gun was given his name."
    1. Professor
      Professor April 11 2014 08: 30
      +4
      Quote: Bongo
      Apparently for a reason: "He desperately opposed the fact that the machine was assigned his name."

      A man lived and is buried in a kibbutz (commune) where it is not customary to show off.

      Quote: Bongo
      This is so, if you do not take into account that in 1949 Czechoslovakia began production of PP designs designed by Y. Kolechek-Sa.23. These weapons were delivered to Arab countries and participated in a number of Arab-Israeli conflicts. Apparently Uziel Gal familiarized himself with the design captured as trophies of the Czechoslovak PP.

      On October 20 of 1949 of the year he sent a letter to the head of the school, Lieutenant Colonel Meir Zor, describing his submachine gun and demonstrated the current model.
      1. avt
        avt April 11 2014 09: 06
        +4
        Quote: Professor
        A man lived and is buried in a kibbutz (commune) where it is not customary to show off.

        It was for this reason that the master’s next creation, mastering the manufacture of a Kalashnikov assault rifle in Israel, was forcibly named after him and he wept bitterly at heart disagreeing with this decision and asked not to name the assault rifle by his name. laughing Not, probably, he wept bitterly at the fact that having invented the machine gun, he found out that in distant, snowy Russia a certain Kalashnikov had already invented the exact same one-in-one machine and had been put into service for a long time.
        1. Professor
          Professor April 11 2014 09: 08
          +7
          What Kalashnikov assault rifle was dragged here? request
          1. The comment was deleted.
        2. inkass_98
          inkass_98 April 11 2014 15: 09
          +4
          Quote: avt
          another master’s creation, mastering the manufacture of a Kalashnikov assault rifle in Israel

          The Galil machine gun was created by Israel Galil, so the laurels are at the wrong place laughing
          1. anomalocaris
            anomalocaris April 11 2014 23: 11
            +5
            Copied, it will be more accurate.
          2. Nrsimha42
            Nrsimha42 April 12 2014 02: 58
            +5
            The Galil automatic rifle was actually created by Mikhail Timofeevich Kalashnikov, in case someone forgot. And comrade Galili simply reworked it, modernized it ... :-)
            1. Pimply
              Pimply April 13 2014 16: 34
              0
              Mikhail Timofeevich created the AK assault rifle, which formed the basis of the Galil assault rifle, which has a sufficient number of its original solutions
    2. Pimply
      Pimply April 13 2014 16: 30
      +1
      Quote: Bongo
      This is so, unless you take into account that in 1949 in Czechoslovakia the production of PP designed by J. Holechek -Sa.23 began. This weapon was supplied to Arab countries and participated in a number of Arab-Israeli conflicts. Apparently, Uziel Gal got acquainted with the design of the Czechoslovakian submarine captured as trophies. Apparently for a reason: "He desperately opposed the fact that the machine gun was given his name."

      For starters, in the 1949 year, when Uzi began developing his own PP, Kolechek's PP was a top secret new weapon. Its probability of appearing in the Middle East is approximately equal to the probability of AK appearing there - it is vanishingly small.
      Why AK for example looks like a Schmeiser automaton? It's simple - similar engineering solutions are not rare for the same time frame.
      http://www.waronline.org/IDF/Articles/uzi.htm
      Here is a very detailed analysis of everything.
  3. olegarhiv
    olegarhiv April 11 2014 08: 25
    +18
    I do not want to belittle the achievements of Uziel Gal, but Czechoslovakia took an active part in arming the Jewish state, supplying there many samples of its military equipment - from fighters to small arms. The Holek PP design was no exception, delivered to Israel in the winter of 1949-1950 in the amount of several hundred copies. In 1949, these weapons were acquired by the Israelis in Czechoslovakia, along with the Avia S-199 fighters. Also, the Israelis, who did not have their own production of weapons, bought rifles and others in Czechoslovakia. It is impossible to say with complete certainty that the PP Uzi completely copied. Probably, he had the opportunity to familiarize himself with the design. But as a commercial project, Uzi is unmatched. PP Kholek was in service with 16 countries. Produced under license in South Africa. And the Uzi, according to various sources, is in almost 100 countries of the world.
    1. Bongo
      Bongo April 11 2014 08: 32
      +10
      Unfortunately, the article does not contain a word about the Czechoslovak model.
      The design of the submachine gun, developed by Uziel Galem, was a real breakthrough in the shooting business. Compared to traditional weapons, in which the shot takes place with a fixed shutter, it was possible to halve the mass of the machine gun and significantly reduce the overall dimensions of the weapon. It was almost a new word in the creation of small arms.
      from the text it follows that before Uziel Gala no one created a weapon with such a scheme.
    2. Pimply
      Pimply April 13 2014 16: 58
      -3
      Quote: olegarhiv
      I do not want to belittle the achievements of Uziel Gal, but Czechoslovakia took an active part in arming the Jewish state, supplying there many samples of its military equipment - from fighters to small arms. The Holek PP design was no exception, delivered to Israel in the winter of 1949-1950 in the amount of several hundred copies. In 1949, these weapons were acquired by the Israelis in Czechoslovakia, along with the Avia S-199 fighters.

      The Israelis did not acquire these weapons in 1949. It was only in the 1950-1951 that began to enter the arsenal of the army of Czechoslovakia, and that, at that time, was still in relatively limited quantities. Under the names of the 23 model and the 24 model were various types of Czechoslovak rifles.

      For some reason, everyone forgets about MSEM-2, which appeared in 1944.
  4. Sars
    Sars April 11 2014 08: 30
    -5
    Well, a good machine, not only the Jews did such things!
    Why feed us every day with pro-Israeli articles?
    They’ll print about the tank tomorrow.
    After tomorrow about missile defense?
    1. il grand casino
      il grand casino April 11 2014 16: 52
      +6
      Yeah, and they write about Ukraine every day ... and about German weapons. And about America (predominantly northern, and its central part) without any break in the article)))
  5. Bongo
    Bongo April 11 2014 08: 36
    +15
    Good afternoon professor!
    Quote: Professor
    On October 20 of 1949 of the year he sent a letter to the head of the school, Lieutenant Colonel Meir Zor, describing his submachine gun and demonstrated the current model.

    Gal demonstrated the model, and Czechs by that time weapons created according to a similar scheme were mass-produced. I do not want to belittle the merits of W. Gal as a gunsmith, in fact, he brought his model to perfection, but he should not be given the championship.
    1. Professor
      Professor April 11 2014 09: 03
      0
      Nobody has invented a bicycle for a long time. And he including, but I doubt very much that he tore off his PP. hi
      1. velikoros-xnumx
        velikoros-xnumx April 11 2014 10: 28
        +4
        Quote: Professor
        but I doubt very much that he ripped off his software.

        "Ripped off" is somehow rude, but it is quite possible that he borrowed some solutions (normal practice, which is not something shameful). Although it is difficult for me to compare "Uzi" and PP Kholchek constructively without the appropriate qualifications, so I would like to hear the opinion of experts in small arms.
        1. Aaron Zawi
          Aaron Zawi April 11 2014 10: 51
          +1
          Quote: velikoros-xnumx

          "Ripped off" is somehow rude, but it is quite possible that he borrowed some solutions (normal practice, which is not something shameful). Although it is difficult for me to compare "Uzi" and PP Kholchek constructively without the appropriate qualifications, so I would like to hear the opinion of experts in small arms.

          the ideas of such weapons were considered before WWII. So borrowing ideas is quite possible. The question is how successfully and creatively he managed to process it. Well, in general, weapons for short-range combat are not bad, although apparently his time has passed.
          1. inkass_98
            inkass_98 April 11 2014 15: 19
            +9
            Quote: Aron Zaavi
            So borrowing ideas is quite possible.

            It's just that the Professor has been reacting to everything sharply and painfully in recent days. As far as I remember, no one hid the borrowing of some elements of the Holek design (bolt, magazine in the handle, etc.). And they don't say that this is bad. "Galil" is also a processing of AK (well, or "Valmet" based on the same AK). "Uzi" is a brainchild of its time, a rather heavy and cumbersome machine, since it was replaced by other modifications. PPSh was also heavy, it was replaced by PPS, lighter, simpler, more technological.
            It’s just that the article was written quite enthusiastically and with excellent epithets, so the people got excited.
            The professor, by the way, really doesn’t like it when they write here about unparalleled samples of weapons, and then suddenly he was hurt by the living. Let's live together hi .
            1. Professor
              Professor April 11 2014 18: 46
              0
              Quote: inkass_98
              The professor, by the way, really doesn’t like it when they write here about unparalleled samples of weapons, and then suddenly he was hurt by the living. Let's live together

              No friendship, war to a victorious end. bully

              And having no analogues in the world, they really kill me. Well, at least Uzi is not one of those.
      2. anomalocaris
        anomalocaris April 11 2014 23: 15
        +2
        "Borrowed", let's say. And first of all, the idea of ​​a bolt running on the barrel.
    2. Pimply
      Pimply April 13 2014 17: 10
      -1
      Quote: Bongo
      Gal demonstrated the model, and Czechs by that time weapons created according to a similar scheme were mass-produced. I do not want to belittle the merits of W. Gal as a gunsmith, in fact, he brought his model to perfection, but he should not be given the championship.

      Definitely not worth it.
      It’s just that the article was written by Alexander Shulman, and he writes about Israeli topics in the spirit of Soviet editorials.
      There was, for example, the British PP MSEM-2 of the 1944 model.
      Same free-gate circuit
  6. kirpich
    kirpich April 11 2014 08: 46
    +2
    It is a pity that the disassembly scheme is not shown. And one more remark - the German MP-38 / 40 had the shutter roll out. This once again suggests that the gunsmiths borrow ideas from each other.
    1. olegarhiv
      olegarhiv April 11 2014 08: 52
      +8
      probably you mean, "running" of the bolt on the barrel, which shortened the length of the receiver. The German MP-38/40 did not have this principle. The shooting was carried out from the rear sear, as well as Uzi and PP Kholek. It was Holek who developed and introduced this principle for the first time in the world.
      1. kirpich
        kirpich April 11 2014 09: 30
        0
        AB Zhuk "Encyclopedia of Small Arms".
        Sorry the book was stolen from me crying , otherwise I’d even indicate a page.
        1. Pimply
          Pimply April 13 2014 17: 16
          -2
          Beetle has a lot of controversial issues. Although a good book
      2. anomalocaris
        anomalocaris April 11 2014 23: 17
        +2
        No, not Holek. Before him, PP in Japan and Italy were created according to such a scheme.
    2. And Us Rat
      And Us Rat April 12 2014 09: 30
      +1
      Quote: kirpich
      It is a pity that the disassembly scheme is not shown ...

    3. Pimply
      Pimply April 13 2014 17: 15
      -1
      Quote: kirpich
      It is a pity that the disassembly scheme is not shown. And one more remark - the German MP-38 / 40 had the shutter roll out. This once again suggests that the gunsmiths borrow ideas from each other.


      Definitely. And not only them. Otherwise, there would be no progress. In fact, as a rule, everything consists in the correct layout of existing solutions and own ideas
  7. Baron Wrangell
    Baron Wrangell April 11 2014 09: 01
    +12
    not the best and most reliable PP, but advertised! The main disease, by the way, which has not been eliminated, is not sending the cartridge into the chamber, we shot it and studied it at the time, I did not like it! Severe for PP, frequent seizing, had to be manually distorted manually, sensitive to dirt. Advertising was created for him in American films, which by the way were shot by Jews., Apparently a marketing ploy.
    1. Aaron Zawi
      Aaron Zawi April 11 2014 09: 15
      0
      Quote: Baron Wrangell
      not the best and most reliable PP, but advertised! The main disease, by the way, which has not been eliminated, is not sending the cartridge into the chamber, we shot it and studied it at the time, I did not like it! Severe for PP, frequent seizing, had to be manually distorted manually, sensitive to dirt. Advertising was created for him in American films, which by the way were shot by Jews., Apparently a marketing ploy.

      Anything is possible, but these events clearly happened before the first film with Uzi.
      Unique weapons are interested all over the world. In 1956, the Uzi submachine gun was presented at a competition in the Netherlands and won first place, beating such eminent competitors as the Swedish machine gun "Karl Gustav" and the British "Sterling".
      In 1958, the Uzi was adopted by the Dutch army. During the visit of German Defense Minister Franz Joseph Strauss to Israel, Uziel Gal showed his machine gun to that. Strauss, who was a Wehrmacht tank officer during the war, immediately appreciated all the advantages of the Uzi machine gun - compact and reliable, he most fully met the requirements for personal weapons of tank crews. Soon, "Uzi" was adopted by the German armored forces.
      1. inkass_98
        inkass_98 April 11 2014 15: 22
        0
        Quote: Aron Zaavi
        defeating such eminent competitors as the Swedish machine gun Carl Gustav and the British Sterling.

        Just don't make people laugh by comparing it with a perforated water pipe from which "Sterling" was molded. It's hard to come up with more crap, I don't even know what to compare with, only with Chinese samopals collected in a barn in a rice field.
        1. anomalocaris
          anomalocaris April 12 2014 18: 31
          0
          You confused a little STEN and Sterling. These are actually two big differences.
    2. alex-cn
      alex-cn April 11 2014 11: 39
      +3
      I agree with Mr. Baron, he managed to fire a heel of bullets, however, from a very broken-down one. Jammed once, well, and accuracy ... the first to the target, the second - near, the third - not to hold
    3. Bayonet
      Bayonet April 12 2014 03: 59
      +2
      Quote: Baron Wrangel
      but advertised

      Apparently having seen enough of the militants, 100 countries adopted it. Kalash is also chosen by this principle?
    4. Pimply
      Pimply April 13 2014 17: 27
      -1
      Quote: Baron Wrangel
      not the best and most reliable PP, but advertised!

      He was very good in the sum of qualities, and advanced for that time.
      Now - it is undoubtedly outdated in its classical form. But in the classic form it is no longer sold.
  8. Dragon-y
    Dragon-y April 11 2014 09: 23
    +4
    Let the experts explain: it seems like a "window" from above is practically open all the time, and it is "good" if the sand shuts there, for example, by a nearby exploded shell. Or not? Who knows himself - please specify - whether it is interesting or not.

    "... this is a weapon for a gangster mochilov at close range ..." - from some book.
    1. allexx83
      allexx83 April 11 2014 23: 13
      0
      Well, what is the general meaning of PP? A melee weapon that allows you to stuff the enemy with lead in the shortest possible time. Accuracy when shooting from zero range is optional. Regarding specifically ultrasound - the Czech PP was the ancestor. But to create even a copy (and this is not a copy) under conditions "on the knee" (without having a developed technological base) and launch into a series is also a nodo to be able to.
      And to advertise, so marketing is also an art))))
  9. Nayhas
    Nayhas April 11 2014 09: 49
    +4
    It was a fierce competition with another prominent Israeli designer - Israel Galili (Balashnikov), whose design bureau led the development of similar small arms. “The Giants' Clash” ended with the defeat of Uzi Galya - the military-technical committee of the General Staff adopted the Galil assault rifle, the brainchild of the Israeli design bureau Israel.

    Eeeeee ... It turns out Galil, is it a Balashnikov assault rifle, so to speak?
    1. Aaron Zawi
      Aaron Zawi April 11 2014 10: 07
      +6
      Quote: Nayhas

      Eeeeee ... It turns out Galil, is it a Balashnikov assault rifle, so to speak?

      Well, yes.
    2. velikoros-xnumx
      velikoros-xnumx April 11 2014 10: 32
      +6
      Quote: Nayhas
      Balashnikov assault rifle?

      Well, a very interesting collision - the last names have only one letter difference, ebavno.
  10. Gray 43
    Gray 43 April 11 2014 11: 03
    +1
    An interesting weapon, regardless of who the author is, I agree with the opinion about borrowing ideas in the design about AKs still argue, did Kalashnikov himself invented or adopted from the Germans? There is some similarity, but no more
  11. gregor6549
    gregor6549 April 11 2014 12: 18
    +9
    Guys, you still need to distinguish between design, invention and discovery. Only discovery can claim absolute novelty, Everything else is a creative development of what has already been created by someone before ....
    Another thing is how large the percentage of novelty in the proposed design and invention is and how this design or invention was able to be implemented and implemented.
    In this case, we are dealing with a talented person who managed to create a model of small arms that in a more than crowded market for such weapons has become more than in demand. In this case, no mercantilism in this person is not visible even under a microscope. Great merit is also given to those who appreciated this machine and gave it a green light. So why drive a wave with a narrowed Jewish bias.
    I recall in this regard one of the scientists who worked at our company in Minsk in the middle of the 70x and who proposed a number of inventions that could significantly increase the efficiency of the then and modern air defense systems. Management asked him one question. Is there anything like that in the USA? Not? Then take a walk in the forest. Now, if the staff had this, then we would have to do it. They don’t like to waste money in vain. Do we have extra ones? As a result, the specialist was offended, quit and went to work in the auto industry as a simple engineer and then completely emigrated to the United States. And this was all the time.
  12. Alex_T
    Alex_T April 11 2014 13: 54
    +6
    I cannot judge how correctly the man Uziel Gal is described in the article, and the description of the Uzi machine gun is clearly biased. Weight as AK with a weaker cartridge. "... Compared to traditional weapons, in which a shot is fired with a fixed bolt, it was possible to halve the mass of the machine gun and significantly reduce the overall dimensions of the weapon ...", the smaller dimensions were achieved due to the bolt running onto the barrel, and due to the weight, that the same clone PPS-43 chambered for 9x19 weighs 600g less. "A shot in an Uzi submachine gun occurs when the bolt is rolled out (that is, while the bolt is moving forward), so the recoil is directed not backward, but forward ...", the author generally understands the work of automation? With what I will not argue about the merits of PP "Uzi", it is good for its time ergonomics and marketing.
    1. Pimply
      Pimply April 13 2014 18: 09
      0
      This is Shulman. He has all the articles in the spirit of agitation. I really don't like his materials
  13. RoTTor
    RoTTor April 11 2014 14: 45
    +3
    Regarding engineering counterparts, the topic is useless and endless: who invented the radio, steam engine, plane, etc., etc.? DO NOT fool yourself and people.
    The Czechoslovak small arms were always of high quality and were in demand.
    Weapons for Israel, so that "their ears do not stick out", were purchased from the then bourgeois Czechoslovakia (not yet socialist Czechoslovakia) by the Soviet Union on the direct instructions of Comrade STALIN.
    In the most difficult moments of the war of independence, these weapons were dropped to the Israelis from "unmarked aircraft."
    This was announced at an official reception in Jerusalem by a grateful toast to the Israeli Prime Minister. And that was after 23 years of the breakdown of diplomatic relations, after the collapse of the USSR, when it was impossible to hear a good word about our Motherland.
    The Israelis NEVER forgot and do not forget what the USSR did for the birth of their country.
    1. Professor
      Professor April 11 2014 14: 47
      +2
      Quote: RoTTor
      In the most difficult moments of the war of independence, these weapons were dropped to the Israelis from "unmarked aircraft."

      Cool story. good
      1. Kus Imak
        Kus Imak April 11 2014 14: 58
        +5
        Quote: Professor
        Quote: RoTTor
        In the most difficult moments of the war of independence, these weapons were dropped to the Israelis from "unmarked aircraft."

        Cool story. good


        Well, don't be so picky. Well, I didn’t drop it from planes. I heard somewhere that weapons were transported through Romania, for which a special transport company "RomSovTransport" was created.
    2. Pimply
      Pimply April 13 2014 18: 12
      0
      Quote: RoTTor
      Weapons for Israel, so that "their ears do not stick out", were purchased from the then bourgeois Czechoslovakia (not yet socialist Czechoslovakia) by the Soviet Union on the direct instructions of Comrade STALIN.
      In the most difficult moments of the war of independence, these weapons were dropped to the Israelis from "unmarked aircraft."
      This was announced at an official reception in Jerusalem by a grateful toast to the Israeli Prime Minister. And that was after 23 years of the breakdown of diplomatic relations, after the collapse of the USSR, when it was impossible to hear a good word about our Motherland.
      The Israelis NEVER forgot and do not forget what the USSR did for the birth of their country.

      Sorry, this is stupid. There are very specific prescribed deliveries. With an exact indication of what and how was supplied. Here is this nonsense about dumping and stuff - please, do not compose what was not there.
  14. Voenruk
    Voenruk April 11 2014 15: 28
    +3
    Kruzenshtern! The man and the ship. On it, my grandmother swam (c) Matroskin
  15. Urri
    Urri April 11 2014 16: 16
    +4
    Even if he had not invented anything, he is still worthy of respect, like a man who fought selflessly for his people. A good constructor - well, yes, okay. From my personal point of view, the first is more important than the second.
  16. Robert Nevsky
    Robert Nevsky April 11 2014 18: 53
    +1
    Plagiarism! Copied Czech machine gun "Samopal"
    1. Pimply
      Pimply April 13 2014 18: 12
      0
      Quote: Robert Nevsky
      Plagiarism! Copied Czech machine gun "Samopal"

      Samopal was not automatic, and in the Middle East it first appeared after the 1968 year, when the army of Czechoslovakia began to sell off its stocks.
  17. tundra
    tundra April 11 2014 23: 01
    +2
    Quote: atalef
    La 5 - then - it's a Jewish plane
    Yes, whether the Jew is Russian or Russian. They broke everyone and I don’t want to. Well, and at the expense of the Jews, somebody says something, oh, I’ll make an appointment with my brother. But seriously, who looked and who took into account? The people were alone. Oh damn it. AND HOW BEAUTIFULLY WE ENTER THE EUROPEAN UNION !!!!!! At 45 ..... M. And no one was asked permission, we were all happy.
  18. tundra
    tundra April 11 2014 23: 08
    0
    I will answer myself, about the Jews. After all, the guys honestly worked for their homeland! The homeland of many is not the promised land but Russia. And our forests and copses. Do you guys want this desert?
    1. Kus Imak
      Kus Imak April 12 2014 12: 19
      +1
      Quote: tundra
      I will answer myself, about the Jews. After all, the guys honestly worked for their homeland! The homeland of many is not the promised land but Russia. And our forests and copses. Do you guys want this desert?


      Well, imagine a communal apartment (remember the film "Pokrovskie Vorota"). We all lived in the same communal apartment, and the owners of the apartment sometimes allowed themselves to reproach some other tenants for not being the owners in the apartment, just tenants. Sometimes such a pumpkin in a tray of shit was friendly, in the form of jokes and jokes, sometimes not very friendly. Since it was initially believed that the apartment was not native to tenants, even if 3-4 generations were born there (and in some parts of the apartment they lived for hundreds of years), tenants cannot be equal to the owners of the apartment. Gradually, this poking into the tray with shit became a little more frequent than reality demanded, and tenants began to remember, but where is our native apartment? It turned out that the native hut is very small, practically empty, and quite often strange neighbors try to attack it in kufiyeh The tenants said nothing, a small hut, but ours, no one there will poke into the tray and reproach for disloyalty, because there we ourselves will be the owners. They took their belongings and moved out. And the owners of the communal apartment stayed to live and live in their large apartment and sometimes feel sad because there is no one else to poke into the tray. Here's a fairy tale. Happy end. All remained alive and well.
      1. alleksSalut4507
        alleksSalut4507 April 19 2014 00: 50
        0
        their little hut (? hut) was defeated even during the PROPHET, about a thousand years ago. And the uncles from the SOSh first fussed at the CRIMEA offering decent grandmas that the grandfathers were bent at the helm. Broadway is closer to relatives (which is Broadway-120) ... and who is your brother’s relatives? .
    2. alleksSalut4507
      alleksSalut4507 April 19 2014 00: 37
      0
      and they have fun there.
  19. Massik
    Massik April 11 2014 23: 44
    +2
    For its time, the best pp of this arrangement, it can now be said: heavy, uncomfortable, the return is not weak, and then ...
  20. yacht
    yacht April 11 2014 23: 55
    +1
    And I put a plus article, as the weapon turned out to be really successful, and it was interesting to read about the designer himself.
  21. Soldat schwejk
    Soldat schwejk April 12 2014 02: 11
    +4
    For a long time, no one has invented anything "original", and the trick here is in the performance of one or another construction. ideas.
    The fact that it turned out to be more successful than others and this is important.
    Can we say that Kalash is 100% original? I think it is unlikely that in the absence of this does not detract from the dignity of the designer.
    A copy of Kalash is generally a cloud, and even those at best are no worse, and in many cases even worse, including Galil.
    And the overwhelming majority of articles about pistols can be safely signed - "ripped off the 1911 Colt" so it's good to blot out your comments - "ripped off"
  22. Bayonet
    Bayonet April 12 2014 04: 14
    +2
    Yes, the meaning of some comments is not to discuss the constructive advantages or disadvantages of weapons, but simply to cry because it is Israeli.
    1. mirag2
      mirag2 29 May 2014 13: 24
      0
      Or vice versa, to praise, because the Israeli ...
  23. Kus Imak
    Kus Imak April 12 2014 11: 25
    0
    It makes no sense to compare Uzi and Kalach. These are completely different weapons in their class. It's like comparing a bike to a motorcycle. Kalach uses a rifle cartridge and a very elaborate hammering system. The Uzi striking mechanism is of course much more primitive. The Uzi is more of a heavy gun. He has a very good accuracy of fire, but a very trained soldier will be able to shoot from Uzi at a distance of more than 50 m. The Uzi has a lot of mass, which, together with the use of a 9mm cartridge, creates a small recoil. It is not for nothing that in many parts of the IDF Uzi were often used and are still used by girls, especially in auxiliary units, where girls undergo a shortened training period. Much fame of the Uzi was given by its widespread use in the Israeli-Arab wars of the 60-70s. As always, the weapon of the winning side is considered "more advanced", so police units in Europe and America began to buy Uzi. In fact, in an ordinary battle in an open area, Uzi certainly loses to Kalachnikov, provided the warring parties are equally trained. In urban combat conditions, this gap is somewhat leveled by the shorter distances characteristic of urban combat. However, the use of body armor reduces this gap to nothing, since the penetration capacity of the Kalachnikov bullet is incomparably higher. That is why, after a series of wars in the 60-70s, the Israeli government decided to equip its troops with weapons similar in class to the Kalachnikovs, so Galil appeared. Kalachnikov, by the way, is also used in the IDF, for example, by underwater saboteurs in Shaetet 13. And earlier it was used in reconnaissance units and in ordinary units. The widespread use of Kalachnikov is indicated by the fact that in the instructions for firing from the MAG light machine gun there is a separate indication that before loading the belt, you should make sure that you DO NOT use Kalachnikov cartridges that have the same caliber with the MAG.
    It is much more interesting to compare the Uzi with a good Soviet weapon in its class, which has also received wide international recognition, for example, with faculty.
  24. Alf
    Alf April 12 2014 22: 52
    +2
    Quote: Kus Imak
    The kalach uses a rifle cartridge and

    With what fright does AK use a rifle cartridge? The AK uses the "intermediate" cartridge 7,62x39 mm, and the rifle cartridge 7,62x54 mm. It was because of this that the AK was officially named "Automatic" and not "Submachine gun". The rifle cartridge is used only by the famous and, I'm not afraid of this word, the legendary machine gun of Mikhail Timofeevich PK.
    1. Kus Imak
      Kus Imak April 12 2014 23: 14
      0
      Quote: Alf
      Quote: Kus Imak
      The kalach uses a rifle cartridge and

      With what fright does AK use a rifle cartridge? The AK uses the "intermediate" cartridge 7,62x39 mm, and the rifle cartridge 7,62x54 mm. It was because of this that the AK was officially named "Automatic" and not "Submachine gun". The rifle cartridge is used only by the famous and, I'm not afraid of this word, the legendary machine gun of Mikhail Timofeevich PK.


      You are right, my mistake.
      1. Alf
        Alf April 13 2014 01: 48
        0
        It happens that we are all people, we are all mistaken.
  25. gusar007
    gusar007 April 14 2014 04: 31
    +1
    I heard from the guys who served in the IDF that otherwise they didn’t really like ultrasound, preferring Galil or M16
    1. anomalocaris
      anomalocaris April 17 2014 17: 01
      -1
      And why love him? Weight over 4 kg, pistol cartridge, not very great reliability ... It’s better to have a machine gun, with the same mass (at least) in two large effective shooting distances.
  26. Zoolog
    Zoolog 12 May 2014 17: 38
    -1
    With all the shortcomings, the Uzi is compact and convenient for crews of armored vehicles and pilots.
    1. mirag2
      mirag2 29 May 2014 13: 26
      0
      Compact and convenient for crews of armored vehicles PP-wagon and a huge cart.