Military Review

On the peculiarity of the current moment in the Russian aircraft industry

32
The other day, bmpd's top source aviation industry told some, perhaps not very sensational, but not uninteresting details of the current situation. We hasten to share them with our readers.


PAK FA Program

Factory tests were completed in the 2013 year, State Joint Testing tests started this year, which are scheduled to be completed in the 2015 year. With 2016, small-scale production will begin. This year, the main efforts on testing will be aimed at testing the avionics, especially those of its modes, which provide stealth. In the near future, the development of the application of TSA will also begin. In 2014, another sixth machine will join the trials, next two more, then a series. To prepare for production in Komsomolsk, mechanical and heat treatment was expanded, a new electroplating industry was created. The test and testing ground base is being expanded and modernized, since the old one cannot provide tests of the fifth generation complex. When creating the PAK FA, as well as the Su-35С, they abandoned the use of pilot production, the testing machines are manufactured at the serial plant, which facilitates preparation for the series.


The fifth prototype of the PAK FA fighter is the T-50-5. Zhukovsky, November 2013 of the year (c) Roman Tregubov / russianplanes.net


The question of creating a lightweight fighter of the fifth generation.

Our combat aviation complexes have always been and will be heavier than the western ones, not only because of a different technological environment, but also in terms of operating conditions, so the inclination of the military to heavier vehicles is understandable. Now the main thing is to develop the technological environment so that when such a task arises, to be able to create adequate technical solutions. Maybe it will not be a fifth-generation lightweight fighter, but drones and advanced fourth-generation vehicles. To accomplish the task of creating a light fighter, it is necessary to achieve significant progress in Migov cooperation, both on engines, on avionics, and on radar. That is, first - the technology, and then later technical solutions. Today, the main task is the development of the MiG-29 in the direction of the MiG-35. In general, the future grouping of the Air Force is likely to be a mixture of PAK FA, Su-35 and drones.

LVTS and promising attack aircraft.

The Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation has not yet decided definitively with this topic; various projects are being considered. The main challenge for the favorite - IL-112В - is cost control. At the same time, UAC is already thinking about creating a family of super-heavy MTC, but it is clear that everything should be done not at the same time, but consistently - first LVTC and MTA, then heavy machines. Equally, the military has not yet decided on a promising attack aircraft. The options for deep modernization of the Su-25, creating a light attack aircraft based on the Yak-130 and the development of a fundamentally new machine are being considered.

The issue of restoring production of the MiG-31

If we resume the production of the MiG-31, then only the deepest modernized. But in principle now, with increasing missile launch range, we need not high-speed vehicles, but machines capable of long-term locking.

PAK YES

There is a contract for the development of preliminary design. According to the results of the draft design, the military will issue a TK. In the work on the PAK DA, the potential will be used not only of Tupolev, but also of the entire UAC, in particular, the technical and ORGANIZATIONAL potential of Sukhoi, created during the implementation of the PAK FA project. Apparently, it is precisely in the PAK DA project, and not on the light fighter that engineering and design resources will be used, which will be released after the end of the main scope of work on the PAK FA.

The problem of the diversity of the park

In general, this is a question for the military. In principle, the task of reducing the type is, and at some stage the number of types will be reduced. But now Su-30М2 performs the function of a combat training aircraft for the Su-27CM, with which it has a unified information and control field. Su-30CM complements the Su-35С, which will become the fourth-generation base aircraft for the Russian Air Force. Purchases Su-30М2 - this is a consequence of the acute shortage of UBS in the Air Force of the Russian Federation. In part, excessive heterogeneity is a consequence of the lack of procurement in the 90 and early zero years. When money came from the military, they began to buy everything that the industry has to offer, including from the reserves.

The main task of the state defense order

The priority for today is to ensure the health of the park. Before the transfer of the repair factories to the UAC, the health indicators were at the level of 40%, now they have reached 50%, the task for this year is to reach the 60% of health. Repair contracts have just begun to be signed in large quantities, the repair cycle is 5-6 months, so the situation will drastically improve only next year. The share of new aircraft in the RF Air Force is just 10%, so repairs are necessary (for comparison, the share of new helicopters is 40%). Only on engines for this year repair of 600 engines has been contracted, contracts are signed for 95%. A total of 200 aircraft will be repaired. The absolute priority is the repair (with simultaneous updating of avionics) of the Long-Range Aviation machines.

Development of the program Su-35С

The main thing last year was the integration of TSA, the entire 14 of TSA types was integrated. Now the task is to expand the scope of the TSA. But the integration of new types of TSA continues. This year 12 Su-35С (not counting officially transferred in February) will be delivered, and most importantly - the conclusion of a new contract for 48 units is expected. The warranty period for cars in Dzemgas is three years, this is unprecedented. Now the R & D continues in parallel, mass production is underway and measures are being developed to maintain the park. Recovery after fault detection - no more than 5 hours. Partly due to the proximity of the plant, but there also sits a warranty team, technical support team and technical kit is deployed. According to the organization, the program is distinguished by a high level of integration - the chief designer Igor Demin became the head of the entire Su-35С program, and is now responsible not only for OCD, but also mass production and operation support.

UAC situation

The source categorically denied rumors about the relocation of OAO Tupolev to Kazan. On the Moscow site, 1,5 is currently operating in a thousand people, and no one is going to send them anywhere. Another thousand people are employed at the Tupolev branch at KAPO, and 500 in Ulyanovsk, these two units will grow, but not at the expense of transferring people from Moscow. The merger of JSC Tupolev and KAPO into one economic entity is necessary for a more expeditious resolution of issues of the implementation of the state defense order, primarily in the area of ​​long-range aviation. This is an objectively mature restructuring, similar to the creation of a vertically integrated company Sukhoi or RAC MiG. Unification will make life easier for the military. Now the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation concludes contracts with two economic entities, which, when problems arise, nod at each other. After the merger will be the sole responsible for the performance of the state defense order

According to the KLA in general. Every year 1,5 thousand people are hired. Over the seven years of the KLA, investments in rearmament have grown from 1 to 10 billion rubles, in just seven years 45 billion rubles have been invested, that is roughly about 1,5 billion dollars. The strategic goal is to increase the production volume of UAC to 350 billion rubles, only then the company will become effective. When creating the KLA, two plants - Komsomolsk and Irkutsk, having 40% of the KLA staff, gave 85% of products, the remaining 60% of employees - all 10% of products. Now the situation is leveling off, Voronezh (10 billion rubles in sales this year) and Ulyanovsk began to breathe, production in Novosibirsk is growing.
Originator:
http://bmpd.livejournal.com/
32 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must sign in.
  1. svp67
    svp67 April 8 2014 09: 46
    +9
    Not an article - some kind of synopsis ... What about what?

    In general, the future Air Force group will most likely be a mixture of PAK FA, Su-35 and drones.


    That is, the MiG road to heaven is ordered ... but it's a pity.
    1. avant-garde
      avant-garde April 8 2014 09: 48
      0
      Quote: svp67
      What about what?

      On the peculiarity of the current moment in the Russian aircraft industry laughing
      1. svp67
        svp67 April 8 2014 09: 50
        +5
        Quote: avant-garde
        On the peculiarity of the current moment in the Russian aircraft industry

        As it is not very happy ... "Su" is of course a brand, but it would not hurt to raise other design bureaus ... At least in order to sell more aircraft abroad - so you look and "pull" the country out of the "oil quagmire "
        1. Nayhas
          Nayhas April 8 2014 10: 37
          +1
          Quote: svp67
          "Su" is of course a brand, but other design bureaus would not hurt to raise ...

          It’s stupid to raise just for the sake of not losing. The fleet is formed according to the needs of the customer. If the MiG-35 air force is not needed, then you propose to buy them only for the sake of the MiG? If the Air Force announces a tender for the purchase of a light fighter with R&D financing, then the MiG will have a chance at life and then if it is offered better than anyone. If not, then everyone will say goodbye to him because, apart from the MiG-35, he has nothing in the blanker.
        2. velikoros-xnumx
          velikoros-xnumx April 8 2014 12: 48
          +3
          Quote: svp67
          "Su" is of course a brand

          Actually, like MiG, and there were times when MiG had a rating significantly superior to Su (a long time ago, it was the time of the Vietnam War) and nevertheless MiG is still a brand today, although a little extinct through the efforts of ill-wishers, and sometimes a volatile fortune.
          1. Letun
            Letun April 8 2014 13: 30
            +5
            Quote: velikoros-xnumx
            and there were times when the MiG had a rating significantly superior to Su (a long time ago, it was the time of the Vietnam War)

            And in Korea? It was in Korea that MiGs in the battles won world renown. Yes, what!
            1. velikoros-xnumx
              velikoros-xnumx April 8 2014 21: 53
              +1
              Korea by itself. I deliberately indicated the last years of the period when MiG was the Soviet fighter legend No. 1 all over the world, then Su will take over the baton.
      2. inkass_98
        inkass_98 April 8 2014 10: 42
        0
        Quote: avant-garde
        On the peculiarity of the current moment in the Russian aircraft industry

        Somehow galloping across Europe, a little, but about everything ...
        Yes, the MiGs are somehow alarming, either they are destroying the office purposefully or they themselves are drowned by crooked management.
    2. maks-101
      maks-101 April 8 2014 13: 58
      0
      can MiG and will produce drones
  2. Samaritan
    Samaritan April 8 2014 09: 48
    +4
    When you don’t know what to write about, write about their planes in Russia everyone loves ... No offense))))
    1. W1950
      W1950 April 8 2014 10: 36
      0
      It’s for sure, since childhood I dreamed, but didn’t go through the medical examination, I had to go to the technical one. But the dream never to be forgotten.
      1. Samaritan
        Samaritan April 8 2014 14: 56
        0
        And I fly single-engine in St. Petersburg !!! When everyone gets bored and wants to send everyone and everything, I’m going to the airport and flying around St. Petersburg ... I’ll tell you it’s such a pleasure to fly a steel bird ...
  3. Keeper
    Keeper April 8 2014 09: 48
    +1
    It would be better to start developing protection against electronic interference ...
  4. The comment was deleted.
  5. alexng
    alexng April 8 2014 09: 53
    0
    It seems like all the design bureaus are engaged in work. God help you.
  6. PLO
    PLO April 8 2014 09: 59
    +5
    PAXFA handsome
    after all, even on earth, his silhouette is swift, and the F-22 immediately becomes circular

    1. Samaritan
      Samaritan April 8 2014 10: 29
      0
      And if you add photoshop, then finally ...
  7. SKaunov
    SKaunov April 8 2014 10: 37
    +1
    Compare not compared, the T-50 is super handsome! Yes, and in terms of characteristics, I think it is superior to any aircraft!
  8. Wiruz
    Wiruz April 8 2014 10: 39
    0
    Something about the MiG-41 not a word. So what? And drones, this is generally a pipe dream
  9. Siberia 9444
    Siberia 9444 April 8 2014 10: 46
    +2
    Yes, I would like to see MIG41 !!!
    1. screw cutter
      screw cutter April 8 2014 11: 19
      +1
      This thing in the picture will not fly, or it will fly slowly. The air intake is too small, you can’t deceive nature.
  10. Nayhas
    Nayhas April 8 2014 10: 51
    0
    When creating the PAK FA, as well as the Su-35S, they refused to use pilot production, testing machines are produced at a serial plant, which facilitates preparation for the series.

    We have everything at random ... Maybe the PAK-FA turned out even then .... And if not? Will the pipeline be started anyway?
    Back in 1976 at the plant, which is now KnAAZ began preparations for the production of a certain T-10 aircraft. By 1979, factory workers having done a gigantic amount of work, prepared the plant for the release of this machine. But it turned out that the T-10, to put it mildly, did not work out and instead you need to make another car, the T-10C, according to a completely different technical process ... I had to rebuild the production in 1982 as well. serial production of the T-10S, aka the Su-27, began. How much did the country cost? H / s ... But the country was different, richer. Comrade Poghosyan made a frank adventure putting himself in a pre-winning position. Even if PAK-FA does not comply with any point of TTZ, the act on its acceptance will still be signed because there will be no more money for the redesign of the machine and the restructuring of production ...
    1. PLO
      PLO April 8 2014 11: 51
      +2
      but Poghosyan helped not only himself but also "critics" like you, for which you should be grateful to him)
      even if PAKFA will not only fully comply with the TK, but also surpass it, you can still say that the TK fit because there was no choice)
    2. Berxen
      Berxen April 8 2014 13: 05
      +2
      What do you mean by chance? There was a conceptual design, there was a technical one, there were research works, everything was coordinated and approved by the military. If Sukhoi’s approach to radio stealth doesn’t work, then it’s still beneficial for the industry. Some learn from the mistakes of others.
      TTZ mismatch is the first list - the customer will never sign this, even on command.
      1. Nayhas
        Nayhas April 8 2014 14: 23
        0
        Quote: BerXen
        What do you mean by chance?

        And that is what it means. To organize mass production without an experienced one is perhaps. You can call it differently, of course, "relying on authority" ...
        Quote: BerXen
        TTZ mismatch is the first list - the customer will never sign this, even on command.

        Come on ... A typical song will begin "You do not understand the political moment! The country needs a fifth generation fighter! The main thing is to start production, and we will fix everything on the way ...."
    3. Roman-kzn
      Roman-kzn April 9 2014 00: 24
      0
      Take your time, remember, there was such a plane with the reverse sweep of S-37 (Su-47), few now remember about it, so it was an analog of the T-10 from the 80s, and I think the T-50 is just completely redesigned a plane brought to mind that will go into series.
  11. Gagarin
    Gagarin April 8 2014 10: 58
    +2
    We will see!
    They will soon be in Photoshop and promised to DRAW the Mig-44! In short, "work" ...
    Quote: Siberia 9444
    Yes, I would like to see MIG41 !!!
    1. Samaritan
      Samaritan April 8 2014 14: 53
      0
      And I'm talking about too))) and respect you. For the acc and flag photo - the steepness of which just rolls over)
      1. velikoros-xnumx
        velikoros-xnumx April 9 2014 19: 04
        0
        The photo is gorgeous, a big plus for me from him.
  12. Nayhas
    Nayhas April 8 2014 11: 14
    -1
    Our combat aircraft systems have always been and will be heavier than the western ones, not only because of a different technological environment, but also according to operating conditions, so the military’s propensity for heavier vehicles is understandable.

    They are heavier due to the backwardness of domestic industry, why drag the military here? Does the type of the Russian Air Force order at TTZ machines with a dry mass of at least 20 tons? The military, on the contrary, needs easier cars so that the requirements for the runway were simpler! A light machine and fuel consumes less, hence lower operating costs.
    Now the main thing is to develop the technological environment so that when such a task arises, be able to create adequate technical solutions. Maybe it will not be a light fifth-generation fighter, but drones and advanced fourth-generation aircraft.

    Yeah, he swung at unmanned fighters, reconnaissance UAVs are not capable of creating, and unmanned fighter planes ... And what are these hints about "advanced machines of the fourth generation", for this we need to "develop a technological environment"? Those. does the MiG-35 use technical solutions that do not even correspond to the 4th generation?

    If we resume the production of the MiG-31, then only the deepest modernized. But in principle now, with increasing missile launch range, we need not high-speed vehicles, but machines capable of long-term locking.

    I do not understand, there is a Su-35S for this ...
    The problem of the diversity of the park. In general, this is a question for the military.

    Get stuck ... They riveted cars that were not useful to anyone in the world and then sucked them into the Air Force and were they to blame for the different types?
    Development of the Su-35S program. The main thing in the past year is the integration of TSA, a total of 14 types of TSA are integrated.

    Let's go through the list, not unfounded! And then in your booklets everything is beautiful, but in reality ...
    When the UAC was created, two factories - Komsomolsk and Irkutsk, having 40% of the UAC staff, accounted for 85% of the production, the remaining 60% of employees - only 10% of the production. Now the situation is leveling out, Voronezh began to breathe (10 billion rubles of sales this year) and Ulyanovsk, production in Novosibirsk is growing

    The factories in Komsomolsk and Irkutsk are completely re-equipped with the latest machines, advanced technologies have been purchased, including a no-place assembly from here and high rates. How will there be growth in other UAC plants? Where is the KLA going to buy machines in the face of sanctions from countries producing advanced equipment?
    1. PLO
      PLO April 8 2014 11: 55
      0
      you sat down in a puddle yesterday with a heavy avionics and PGO, again there)

      ... another blah blah blah ..

      I’ll tell you a secret, after the collapse of the USSR, no one officially delivered machines for our defense industry)
  13. Berkut-UA
    Berkut-UA April 8 2014 11: 48
    +1
    And who knows what about the Su-47 "Berkut"?
    1. wizarden
      wizarden April 8 2014 13: 17
      +1
      The experimental machine, she remained. There is no development and never will be. The only flying instance was used to develop technologies and components for PAKFA.
      1. Berkut-UA
        Berkut-UA April 8 2014 21: 03
        +2
        I'm sorry
        beautiful car
        and the name, don’t say it, is very modern wink
  14. Nitarius
    Nitarius April 8 2014 12: 31
    0
    It is necessary to GIVE orders to ALL and NOT SO THAT DRY everything pulls ON YOURSELF!
    1. Berxen
      Berxen April 8 2014 13: 07
      0
      There is a note about this - would you read something).
    2. wizarden
      wizarden April 8 2014 13: 24
      +1
      In addition to MiG (and then, maybe there is simply no data in open sources), now all the main design bureaus are:

      - Ilyushin: IL-476, IL-112, IL-114, MTA
      - Tupolev: PAK DA, modernization of the Tu-160, Tu-204SM
      - Yakovlev: Yak-130, MS-21
      - Dry: PAK FA, Su-35S, promising UAV
  15. Anton Gavrilov
    Anton Gavrilov April 8 2014 13: 29
    +1
    MIG promise to put on its feet - in the coming years they will not sit without work - an order for 25 Mig-29K / CUB has already been issued, an order for 16 Mig-29СМТ has been issued this year, an order for 60 Mig-35 is planned to be issued in a year.
    1. Berkut-UA
      Berkut-UA April 8 2014 21: 05
      0
      The most important thing is that all this should go to YOUR army
      not over the hill