Military Review

Mortar complex CARDOM (Israel)

16
Mortars remain an important element of ground force artillery. Mortar mounted fire can effectively hit various targets and support infantry operations. The main trend of mortar development in recent years has been the creation of self-propelled systems. The use of self-propelled chassis as a platform for placing a mortar has a positive effect on its capabilities. First, mobility is improved weaponsand secondly, the armor of the base machine protects the calculation of the mortar from bullets and debris. Finally, the characteristics of the base chassis can increase the ammunition and optimize a number of other characteristics of the mortar system.




At the beginning of the two thousandth, the Israeli company Soltam Systems, later became part of the company Elbit System, offered its own version of a self-propelled mortar. It should be noted that the project of the Israeli company meant the creation of not a combat vehicle, but a universal combat module suitable for the use of several types of mortars and various self-propelled chassis. As expected, such an architecture is capable of providing greater flexibility in the use of weapons and, as a result, will give the combat module great prospects in the arms market.

The new mortar armament complex was named CARDOM (Computerized Autonomous Recoil rapid Deployed Outrange Mortar - “Computerized Autonomous Sliding Mortar of Rapid Deployment with an Enhanced Firing Range”). The CARDOM complex is a combat module suitable for installation in the combat compartment of various types of armored vehicles. In addition, under certain restrictions, it is allowed to use the module on unarmored vehicles and light military vehicles.

The basis of the combat module CARDOM is a turntable, installed on the base machine and allows you to fire in any direction. The platform serves as the basis for the original mast on which the used mortar is mounted. Lafet allows you to direct mortar within a sector of + 40 ° to + 80 ° from the horizontal. The carriage of the complex CARDOM is equipped with its own electric drives, which allow the calculation to direct weapons using the common control panel of the system. If necessary, you can use manual drives.



A characteristic feature of the CARDOM system, as reflected in the deciphering of its name, is the use of recoil devices. Mortars are usually not equipped with such systems, but the Soltam Systems company decided to retreat from the “rules” of creating systems of this class and thereby increase the potential of advanced weapons. The reduction of recoil momentum due to recoil devices allows the installation of the CARDOM combat module on various combat vehicles. The design of the carriage CARDOM allows you to relatively quickly remove the mortar barrel and install it on a light towed carriage. In this case, the weapon can be used similarly to other towed systems of this class.

The project CARDOM laid the possibility of using mortars of two calibers - 120 and 81 mm. So, the combat modules for the Israeli army are equipped with 120-mm mortars Soltam K6. The caliber of the mortar used imposes certain restrictions on the chassis used. The CARDOM system with a mortar caliber 120 mm can be installed only on armored vehicles with the appropriate characteristics, and for light platforms like army vehicles HMMWV is designed version of the complex with 81-mm gun.

It is argued that when using a Soltam K6 muzzle-loading mortar, an experienced calculation from 2-4 a person can fire at a rate of up to a minute 15-16. However, this rate is permissible only in the first minute of shooting. After it is required to reduce the rate of fire to 4 shots per minute. These restrictions are associated with heating and deformation of the barrel, which can lead to a serious deterioration in firing accuracy.

The ammunition of a self-propelled mortar based on the CARDOM system depends on the base machine used and the available volumes in its combat compartment. 120-mm and 81-mm mortars used in the complex can use standard NATO ammunition. When using conventional mines caliber 120 mm maximum range of shooting is 7,2 kilometer. In addition, there are mines of increased range that can hit a target at a distance of 9,5 km.



The CARDOM complex was introduced digital fire control system. Obtaining data from an inertial or satellite navigation system, it calculates the mutual position of the mortar and the target, and also calculates the required guidance angles. The fire control system is also used to control the guidance mechanisms. Such a method of controlling the aiming allows reducing possible errors and, consequently, increasing the accuracy of shooting. According to some data, after each shot, the automatics independently adjusts the position of the barrel and thereby ensures greater accuracy of fire. The use of electronics allowed us to minimize the time of preparation for shooting. It is alleged that the first shot can be made 30 seconds after the combat vehicle arrives at the position.

The first customer of new mortar systems was Israel. In the version for the IDF, the CARDOM system is equipped with a 120-mm Soltam K6 mortar and is installed on the M113A3 armored personnel carrier. This fighting machine is called Keshet. Soon after the Israeli military, the armies of other countries became interested in the new system.

The largest buyer of self-propelled mortars CARDOM became the United States of America. Over the course of several years, more than 300 self-propelled mortars with an Israeli combat module were built for the US Army. The Stryker wheeled armored vehicle was taken as the basis for the new combat vehicles. US combat modules are equipped with M120 120-mm mortars (US copy of Soltam K6) and M95 American-developed fire control systems. The design and mechanisms of the combat module remained the same.

In 2011, several self-propelled mortars with the CARDOM system were ordered by Spain. The Spanish military wanted to get combat vehicles based on the URO VAMTAC car. On the rear platform of four-wheeled vehicles is a combat module with a mortar caliber 81 mm.



Of particular interest is the cooperation of Soltam Systems and the armed forces of Kazakhstan. In the second half of the last decade, Israeli designers commissioned the Kazakh military to develop the Aibat self-propelled mortar. The MT-LB multi-purpose armored vehicle and the BTR-70 armored personnel carrier were chosen as the basis for it. In accordance with the project, elements of the CARDOM system were installed on the base chassis. The modified mortar 2B11 of caliber 120 mm was used as a weapon. By the middle of 2010, the Kazakh army received three batteries of self-propelled mortars based on an MT-LB machine. A few years earlier, during tests, it turned out that the recoil power of the Soviet-made 2B11 mortar was too great. Despite the use of recoil devices of the CARDOM complex, the Aibat combat vehicles had a deformed bottom when fired. Subsequently, this problem was solved by strengthening the corresponding parts of the case.

Currently, the construction of self-propelled mortars equipped with a CARDOM system for the Israeli army and the armed forces of other countries continues. The original combat module has been repeatedly used in hostilities in the Middle East and has proven itself well. Probably in the future there will be new orders for the supply of mortar systems CARDOM.



On the materials of the sites:
http://elbitsystems.com/
http://army-guide.com/
http://defense-update.com/
http://defenseindustrydaily.com/
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  1. Siberia 9444
    Siberia 9444 April 7 2014 09: 28
    +8
    OUR answer to Israel! soldier
    1. cosmos111
      cosmos111 April 7 2014 10: 00
      +4
      The article is interesting, but a similar article was already in VO (((
      CARDOM (Israel)

      good system, but only for towed 120 and 81 mm mortars (((((
      optimal self-propelled version, 120 mm mortar on the KBM (((
      this is "Patria AMV" with mortar systems "AMOS" and NEMO (((p
      the first system includes a turret with paired 120-mm breech-loading smooth-bore mortars with an automatic loading system installed in it, "NEMO" - a light version of the AMOS system - has only one barrel ((((
      Well, our "NONA" (developed back in the 70s), on the BTR 80 "NONA SVK" ((((
      necessary, only modernization of the complex, with the installation of a digital LMS and an automatic loader ((((

      "Patria AMV" with "NEMO" mortar
  2. gregor6549
    gregor6549 April 7 2014 09: 41
    +7
    Not quite correct "answer". The "answer" shoots, of course, louder and farther, but there is a great deal of doubt about combat control. In Israel, this shooter has been working on the network for a long time, receiving BZ and target designation via digital communication channels in real time, and the on-board computer prepares data for shooting at almost the same speed. Why almost? And because the decision on shooting is still a person. And who knows where the computer wants to shoot. And the Israelis don't care much about the range. Let them be closer, but more precisely. This is especially important when fighting in a densely populated area. It turns out this surgery is very good for them. I'm talking about weapons and not about the targets they shoot at. This is a separate question, and a very difficult one.
    1. zaazua
      zaazua April 7 2014 09: 56
      -1
      The "answer" shoots, of course, louder and farther, but in the part of combat control there is great doubt

      And you have no doubt, the only management is to get into the area
  3. SLX
    SLX April 7 2014 09: 57
    +2
    It is alleged that when using the Soltam K6 muzzle-loading mortar, an experimental calculation of 2-4 people can fire at a pace of up to 15-16 rounds per minute.


    Such a rate of fire is possible, but what will be the accuracy? Even a tracked chassis without jacks will begin to swing (this is not a mortar on the ground) and whether the automatic guidance system and the drives manage to complete this pitching is a big question.

    However, such a pace is permissible only in the first minute of shooting. After that, you need to reduce the rate of fire to 4 rounds per minute. These limitations are associated with heating and deformation of the barrel, which can lead to serious deterioration in accuracy.


    Something the bourgeois is cunning: the fire regime is determined, as a rule, by heating the barrel and the risk of self-ignition, and before deformation, if the barrel is not paper-thick, it is still far away; on the ground with the same barrel at a 120-mm mortar, the fire mode in the following minutes should be, to put it mildly, much higher. So something is wrong here. Problems with recoilers?
    1. Professor
      Professor April 7 2014 11: 40
      +4
      Quote: SLX
      Such a rate of fire is possible, but what will be the accuracy? Even a tracked chassis without jacks will begin to swing (this is not a mortar on the ground) and whether the automatic guidance system and the drives manage to complete this pitching is a big question.

      It seems that there are no problems with accuracy.


      Quote: SLX
      So something is wrong here. Problems with recoilers?

      The system is mobile and its task is to shoot and dump as quickly as possible. In practice, more than 10 shots will not be fired.


      PS
      Misfire
      1. cosmos111
        cosmos111 April 7 2014 12: 34
        +2
        Quote: Professor
        The system is mobile and its task is to shoot and dump as quickly as possible.

        in Kazakhstan, the Israelis delivered a similar mortar system, delivered to the chassis MT-LB (((
        but the future belongs to breech-loading mortar systems, NONA (in combat conditions of the 3-war) and "AMOS" NEMO "on ranges !!!!
        advantage: 120-mm gun / mortar 2S9 NONA, charging from the breech (((the mortar can be used in direct fire mode and in firing mode from closed positions, along a hinged trajectory (((
        the "CARDOM" system with 120 mm can fire, only along the hinged trajectory (((

        similar mortar systems: 1. firm Rheinmetall Defense, with 120-mm self-propelled mortar systems based on BMD "Wiesel 2" ((
        2. The company STK Singapore has developed the "SRAMS" mortar system, which has a reduced recoil force, which allows it to be flattened onto light armored vehicles !!!
        3.Swedish 120-mm mortar system "Bighorn" manufactured by RUAG Land Systems ((((
        4-mm mobile mortar system "Agrab", designed for
        UAE (((
        5. French 120-mm rifled mortar "MO-120-RT TDA" (((

        Kazakh 120-mil. mortar "Aybat"

        1. Professor
          Professor April 7 2014 12: 51
          +4
          Quote: cosmos111
          the "CARDOM" system with 120 mm can fire, only along the hinged trajectory (((

          This is the main advantage of the mortar. Is not it?

          The "uniqueness" of Kardoma lies in the fact that it is not only adopted into service, but also tested in real combat operations. And there, just not everything was as smooth as on the training ground.
          Mortar system "Keshet", Israel

          The funeral of the paratrooper Nadav Rotenberg will be held at 14:30
          While patrolling the area, the unit that included Rotenberg encountered terrorists. The patrol went into action and called for reinforcements. The second unit of paratroopers, which arrived to the rescue, fired three shells from the Keshet mortar. Two shells exploded in the area where the terrorists were, the third exploded near the first patrol. Rotenberg died on the spot, four more soldiers were injured.

          The investigation showed that the cause of the tragedy was the failure of a computer mounted on a mortar. In this regard, it was decided to change the instructions for using the mortar in combat conditions.
          1. mirag2
            mirag2 April 7 2014 12: 57
            +2
            The uniqueness of Kardom in the absence of advantages that Nona has is a mortar gun.
            1. avt
              avt April 7 2014 15: 34
              +2
              Quote: mirag2
              The uniqueness of Kardom in the absence of advantages that Nona has is a mortar gun.

              good What for do we need it if there is Nona and Vienna? Well, just replace them with mortars - the game is not worth the candle, it’s easier to train the calculations well.
              Quote: wanderer_032
              I do not understand why all Western systems of this class and caliber are installed in this way?

              Well, the Swedes and the Finns went our way.
              Quote: cosmos111
              this is "Patria AMV" with mortar systems "AMOS" and NEMO (((p
              the first system includes a turret with paired 120-mm breech-loading smooth-bore mortars with an automatic loading system installed in it, "NEMO" - a light version of the AMOS system - has only one barrel ((((
          2. cosmos111
            cosmos111 April 7 2014 17: 18
            +2
            Quote: Professor
            This is the main advantage of the mortar. Is not it?

            for towed yes (((
            but for a mortar mounted on a wheeled or GSh, the advantage of the 120-mm gun / mortar 2S9 NONE is undeniable ((((
            there are situations when you need to fire direct fire ((((
            and on ammunition, NONA, VIENNA, can fire both mines and special high-explosive fragmentation shells with ready-to-use rifles on the leading belt (((
            and also, adjustable 120 mm guns for the NONA self-propelled guns, based on the 122-mm adjustable Kitolov projectile and other promising adjustable projectiles ((((

            Reducing the recoil momentum due to recoil devices allows you to install the CARDOM combat module on various combat vehicles.

            installing the mortar combat module CARDOM (Aybat), on the MT-LB (the bottom of the 5-mm armor))))
            when firing, the bottoms on the MT-LB GSH, due to the strong recoil, began to deform (((
            so that not everything is so simple ((((

            and so, everything is beautiful, especially night shooting ....
          3. PLO
            PLO April 7 2014 19: 25
            +1
            This is the main advantage of the mortar. Is not it?

            with a conventional mortar, this is not the main advantage, but the only one)

            but the possibility of firing half-direct fire for battalion artillery is a very important opportunity
            here, for example, Khosta lit up on recent exercises
      2. SLX
        SLX April 8 2014 10: 37
        0
        Quote: Professor
        It seems that there are no problems with accuracy.


        At "pistol" distances and at incomplete charges, which are in the rollers, of course, there is no - after all, the system is adopted. But! Wheeled vehicles are still jacked up, with the exception of "point-blank shooting". And on a tracked armored personnel carrier, the antenna shakes with damped oscillations.

        The system is certainly very interesting! But a lot of questions arise - for example, about accuracy when firing perpendicular to the board at maximum distances and close to them. After all, the most interesting is not the advertising TTX, but the limitations in the manuals. ;) In addition, shooting in commercials is conducted from solid soils, and not from Russian arable lands in the rain. Etc.

        Quote: Professor
        The system is mobile and its task is to shoot and dump as quickly as possible. In practice, more than 10 shots will not be fired.


        This is if you fight with the Papuans. And then only in the absence of counteracting electronic warfare. And in serious conflicts, battery life is not enough.

        Quote: Professor

        PS
        Misfire


        No, it looks like a self-igniting charge or a protracted one with slow burning. By the way: interesting, but how to do an abortion in the event of a misfire is not a recent question.
  4. wanderer_032
    wanderer_032 April 7 2014 13: 11
    +1
    I do not understand why all Western systems of this class and caliber are installed in this way?
    Well, okay, we went our own way and did not lose.







  5. k_ply
    k_ply April 7 2014 15: 52
    +2
    Quote: wanderer_032
    I do not understand why all Western systems of this class and caliber are installed in this way?
    Well, okay, we went our own way and did not lose.

    And the domestic muzzle-loading 120-mm mortar, index 2B11, aka 2S12 "Sani" in towed and self-propelled version, has everything been "deposed"?
    You are talking about BBM-based breech-loading tower systems for motorized rifle / motorized infantry and mechanized / motorized units (and Comrade Comrade reminds of western systems many times overcosmos111, by the way, such a minimum shooting range is not enough for such systems), but what about infantry, light infantry, or mining units that do not have armored vehicles and the number of cars is limited.
    That’s the idea that motorized infantry, when it is precisely the dismounted rifle companies that are required, say, as airborne helicopter assault forces (for example, to transfer to a key bridgehead on the ground, in the mountains, or on the coast), reinforced with standard mortars, the barrel is 120 mm K6 mortar is removed from the CARDOM carriage and the mortar is used as a portable, or towed / transported.
    The use of 81-mm (82-mm) mortars, as well as 40-mm grenade launchers and automatic grenade launchers, is insufficient and not effective in the mountain-arctic regions where deep snow cover prevails, for obvious reasons.
    1. wanderer_032
      wanderer_032 April 7 2014 16: 29
      +1
      Quote: k_ply
      And the domestic muzzle-loading 120-mm mortar, index 2B11, aka 2S12 "Sani" in towed and self-propelled version, has everything been "deposed"?

      Yes, such a mortar can be carried at least for anything and put in the back of any truck with the corresponding modifications of the machine in the field, simply by making a factory kit for installing the mortar in the body.
      And taking into account the use of guided mines "Gran" with the LCD 1D26 complex, the capabilities of this weapon increase many times over.
      So not "deposed", the mortar 2S12 "SANI" will serve us for a long time.

      1. k_ply
        k_ply April 7 2014 19: 32
        +1
        Quote: wanderer_032
        ... the mortar 2S12 "SANI" will serve us for a long time.

        - Undoubtedly.
        "Nona-S" is mainly used by the Airborne Forces, "Nona-SVK" in total in the RF Armed Forces is no more than 50 units, but the point is that a dismounted motorized rifle subunit, to put it mildly, will not always be able to take "Nona" with it. That is why, in order not to deceive the army motorized riflemen of tactical flexibility and a standard mortar, classic muzzle-loading mortars (in case 2B11) will continue to serve for a long time, both in the self-propelled (MT-LB) and in the portable (towed / transported) version ...
      2. The comment was deleted.
  6. rebel
    rebel April 7 2014 18: 33
    0
    useful thing!
  7. rebel
    rebel April 7 2014 18: 34
    0
    in general, a self-propelled mortar is a cheap and effective means of warfare. Our in Avgan at airfields have suffered a lot from the spirits on pickups with mortars (
  8. Aaron Zawi
    Aaron Zawi April 7 2014 18: 45
    +4
    CARDOM in a large number of purchased by Azerbaijan. In principle, as a light battalion artillery he occupied his niche quite well.
  9. ruslan207
    ruslan207 April 7 2014 20: 29
    +1
    http://minotor-service.by/catalogue/develop/?rubric=16
    Not here minator service private enterprise does a similar
  10. Nikolaevich I
    Nikolaevich I April 8 2014 03: 35
    +3
    On smooth-bore muzzle-loading mortars (HDM) it is too early to "put an end to it." The armored vehicle also carries a base plate and a biped, so that if necessary or if the vehicle is hit, the mortar barrel is removed and used as an "infantry" mortar.
  11. SLX
    SLX April 8 2014 10: 40
    0
    Quote: Professor
    This is the main advantage of the mortar. Is not it?


    Howitzers can do this. And the main advantage of the mortar is still in the weight of the system in "its" caliber in comparison with the "classic".
  12. gregor6549
    gregor6549 April 8 2014 15: 43
    +3
    The muzzle-loading mortar is good because it is simple, like a rake, and reliable as they are. But in battle, questions of simplicity and reliability are matters of life and death. It’s not in vain that a simple and reliable Kalashnikov was so liked by all its users .... and goals, too. good
    So this class of dinosaurs will still live, and for a long time.
  13. Florist
    Florist 30 July 2014 17: 02
    0
    Cool carriage