Military Review

Chinese multipurpose fighter Chengdu J-10

40
Chengdu J-10 - Chinese multi-purpose all-weather fighter. This fighter was designed and manufactured by the Chengdu Aircraft Industry Group (CAIG). The export version of the fighter has the designation F-10. In the west, the car is also known as the Vigorous Dragon, the Swift Dragon.




In China at the beginning of the 1990's began to develop a new generation of fighter aircraft, which, in terms of its combat potential, was supposed to approach such aircraft as the EF2000, the Rafale or the MiG-29М. Naturally, in the People's Republic of China they could not solve such a difficult task without cooperation with foreign companies that own the most modern aircraft manufacturing technologies. When developing this machine, probably the most unusual international symbiosis arose, which united Chinese, Israeli and Russian specialists.

The basis of the fighter Chinese designers took Israeli aircraft IAI "Lavi". In Israel, work on their aircraft stopped in 1987 year under pressure from the United States.

In the open press, the first information about the new fighter appeared in October 1994 of the year. Then, in the press with reference to the US space exploration, it was reported that in Chengdu they were building a plane that, with its size and shape, resembles the Dassault fighter Rafale or Eurofighter EF2000.

Later it turned out that the formation of the appearance of the J-10 fighter was attended by specialists from the Israeli company IAI, who transferred the Lavi fighter technology to China. The Russian fighter participated in the program of the Chinese fighter aviation industry. In particular, it was decided to equip the aircraft with the Russian AL-31F twin-engine turbojet engine, which is also installed on Chinese Su-27 fighters. Negotiations on the acquisition of a license to produce this engine at Chinese enterprises were also reported, but Russia does not show interest in transferring the latest aircraft engine technology to China.

The aircraft development program was declassified on December 29 2006. Russian consultants from the MiG Design Bureau and TsAGI took part in the creation of the J-10. The new Chinese fighter uses engines from the Russian and Chinese-made Saturn research and production association (licensed). In addition, in the development of the aircraft were used sold to Israel by China development fighter IAI Lavi. In terms of dimensions, the J-10 occupies an intermediate position between the F-16 fighter and the Typhoon or Rafale, but it is significantly larger than the Israeli Lavi. As of August, 2012 was produced around 270 machines.



The fighter is made according to the aerodynamic "duck" scheme. Its aerodynamic layout is optimized for flying at supersonic speeds and performing energetic maneuvers with access to significant angles of attack.

The J-10A production aircraft first flew 28 June 2002.

Fighter J-10 has an aerodynamic "duck" with a mid-winged delta wing, swept, closely spaced to the wing front horizontal tail and single tail vertical tail. Basically, the airframe is made of aluminum alloys and carbon fiber. The use of limited measures is assumed to reduce the aircraft’s radar visibility.

The integral part of the triangular low-lying wing at the root has a large profile thickness, which decreases further along the span. Approximately at 45 percent of half length, it fits with a PTS (wing detachable part), formed by profiles with significant twist and small relative thickness. Wing mechanization - flaps and deflecting socks on the PTS.



Structurally, the fuselage consists of three compartments. The front compartment is used to accommodate: the pilot's pressure cabinet, the radar station, the electronic equipment compartment, the air intake, and the front landing gear niche. In addition, it has a front horizontal tail. In the central part are the fuel tanks, the air channel of the engine and the niche of the main landing gear. Vertical tail, beams with ventral ridges and four brake flaps are mounted on the tail section. Inside is a compartment of the power plant. Chassis - tricycle retractable into the fuselage. The front support (having two wheels) develops on a stream, one-wheel main - against. On pre-production aircraft and prototypes, the front support niche was closed by a pair of side flaps. On the serial fighter Chengdu J-10A and J-10B in the design included the third wing - the front. The cockpit lantern has an unprecedented glazing area for China's aircraft industry - the pilot is provided with almost all-round visibility.



The design of the aircraft is mainly made of aluminum alloys; composite materials are used relatively little. Cabin - hermetic, ventilation type. The ejection seat provides rescue in all flight modes.

In the root of the keel is placed a container with a brake parachute. To increase the fighter's road stability at high angles of attack (in this case, the keel is “shaded” by the fuselage), two behind-body keels, deflected to the outside, are installed on the tail beams behind the wing. In the area of ​​the keel on the sides of the fuselage there are two brake flaps. Two aerodynamic ridge located in the rear fuselage.

Above the wing behind the cockpit is located the front horizontal tail, which increases the lift coefficient at high angles of attack.

Wing - small elongation, triangular, with a straight rear edge to increase the efficiency of controls and mechanization. Two sections of elevons are located on the rear edge of the wing. The wing on the leading edge has a vortex-forming "canine". It is equipped with elevons and a two-part rejectable toe.

A single-circuit turbojet engine with an afterburner chamber AL-31FN of Russian production was used as the power plant of the aircraft. Engine weight is 1538 kg. Maximum afterburner thrust - 12500 kg. According to the first supply contract between China and Rosoboronexport, 2002 engine data was supplied in 2004-54. After that, another contract was signed for the purchase of 100 engines. In total, the needs of the PRC are estimated at approximately 250-300 units. The plans of the Chinese military include replacing engines exported from Russia with similar domestic WS-10ATai Hang. The modification of the Chengdu Super 10 fighter is distinguished by the installation of the AL-31FN М1 engine. The maximum afterburner has been increased to 13500 kgf.

The air intake is ventral, two-dimensional, adjustable. The cross section of the "throat" is changed by two moving panels. This design provides the necessary degree of pressure increase in various flight speed ranges, however, it increases the effective dispersion area, increasing the visibility when irradiated with a radar station in the forward hemisphere. On the J-10B version, the shape of the air intake was changed.



The Chengdu J-10 fighter has an internal fuel capacity of 4950 liters. Fuel tanks are located in the fuselage. Under the fuselage (central assembly) and under the wing, three additional fuel tanks can be suspended. To increase the duration of the flight and the radius of the aircraft can be equipped with a fuel receiver system for refueling in air such as "hose-cone."

To ensure a high level of maneuverability, the Chengdu J-10A fighter was made statically unstable. This, in turn, necessitated the use of a four-time redundant radio control system. This is the first nationally developed combat aircraft on which this technology is applied. To create this system used the most modern computing equipment. Fighter cockpit architecture, avionics and fire control systems are significantly superior to those of other combat aircraft developed in China. For example, information about the tactical situation and flight parameters is displayed on three multifunctional displays, and also projected onto the windshield.

In the cockpit, the controls are made on the principle of HTAS (hands-on-the-throttle-and-stick) - everything needed to control the controls is under the pilot’s hands, which lie on the engine control lever and on the aircraft control stick. Thus, the pilot can control the aircraft without taking his eyes off the sight or horizon. The computer control system provides automatic navigation and prevents the conclusion of the machine on potentially dangerous modes. The helmet is attached to the standard equipment.



The fighter is equipped with a digital flight data calculator, GPS / INS navigation equipment and an irradiation warning system by the ARW9101 radar stations. The Russian corporation Fazotron-NIIR, for the Chinese order, developed for Chengdu J-10A a multipurpose radar station RP-35 “Pearl”, equipped with a phased antenna array. According to the developers, this radar can accompany air targets simultaneously up to 24 and is capable of working “on the ground”. In China, at the same time, the development of its own JL-10A radar is being completed (in some sources it is referred to as “1473 Product”). The detection range of fighter targets of this radar is of the order of 100 km, at the same time it can be accompanied by up to 10 targets with shelling four of them. Until now, it is not clear which station is installed on serial machines.

Export versions of the fighter may also be equipped with other radars, including the Russian 010 “Beetle 10PD”, the Israeli IAI Elta EL / M-2023, the Italian GalileoAvionicaGrifo 2000 (for political reasons, purchasing the latter for China may be problematic).

The Chengdu J-10A fighter is equipped with a double-barreled built-in 23-millimeter cannon placed on a special easy-detachable carriage from the left side of the fuselage behind the front landing gear compartment. According to some experts, this weapon is a copy of the famous Soviet cannon GSH-2-23, which was previously widely used on the MiG-21 and MiG-23 fighters.

On the nodes of the external suspension (seven points) it is possible to place weapons with a total mass of 4500 kg. For the destruction of air targets fighter can arm 2-4 medium-range guided missiles PL-11 with a radar homing head (Italian licensed guided missile Aspide Mk.1) or PL-12 (ShanDian-10 or SD-10) of Chinese design. For close combat, PL-8 guided missiles with an infrared homing head (Israeli licensed Python 3) mounted on wing external pylons are used. On the plane can be installed Russian guided missiles P-73 and P-77, or the American "Sparrow" and "Sidewinder." Ground targets can be destroyed with the help of free-falling and adjustable (with a laser homing head) LT-2 and LS-6 aerial bombs or unguided aircraft missiles. Surface targets can be destroyed using solid-fuel guided missiles YJ-8K and C-801K or an anti-ship guided missile C-802 equipped with a turbojet engine. To destroy ground-based radar fighter can be equipped with a guided missile YJ-9. In addition, air-to-surface missiles, unguided aircraft missiles, free-fall bombs, and other weapons can be used.

The fighter’s passive self-defense system includes a BM / KG300G container with jamming equipment. Also J-10A can be equipped with a container KZ900 (equipment for electronic intelligence).

The first flight of the prototype took place 23.03.1998 of the year. The public debut of J-10 took place in November 2002. The machine was presented at the Zhuhai air show. According to various estimates, China has deployed from six to ten prototypes in the flight test program.

Operation of the Chinese fighter Chengdu J-10A was not without disasters. 1 August 2009 of the year J-10, which is armed with the Chinese Air Force and piloted by Men Fanshen, crashed. The cause of the crash was a technical failure of the engine. The pilot managed to eject.

Modifications:

J-10A — a multi-purpose single-seat fighter. The export version is named F-10A.

J-10S - Double Fighter. Designed to solve the problems of training, electronic warfare, target designation and guidance, as well as for the destruction of ground targets.

J-10B - an upgraded version of the J-10A. Equipped with a WS-10A engine, a “subtle” recessed air intake, an onboard radar with an active phased antenna array and a front-end optical positioning station.

J-10C - deck version of the fighter.

The Chinese multi-role fighter J-10 was adopted not only by the Chinese army but also by the Pakistan army. As of 2012, the Chinese Air Force had 100 Chengdu J-10 in service, and 2 Chengdu J-10 was in service with the naval forces. The Pakistan Army as of 2012 year was armed with 36 J-10.

Aircraft performance characteristics:

Modification - J-10.
Length - 14,57 m.
Height - 4,78 m.
Wingspan - 8,78 m.
Wing area - 33,05 square. m
Empty weight - 9800 kg.
Normal take-off weight - 18000 kg.
Fuel in the internal tanks - 2625 l.
Fuel in PTB - 4165 l.
Engine type - TRDDF AL-31FN.
Normal thrust - 7600 kgf.
Afterburner - 12500 kgf.
Maximum speed - M = 2.
Cruising speed - 1110 km / h.
Practical range - 2000 km.
Practical ceiling - 18000 m.
Max. operating overload - 9.
Crew - 1 people.
Armament:
- gun caliber 23 mm;
- combat load - 7260 kg (7 external suspension units);
- possible installation of guided missiles PL-8, PL-10, PL-11, P-27 and P-73, air-to-air class and air-to-surface missiles;
- anti-ship missile YJ-8K, unguided aircraft missile, free-fall bombs, etc.

Prepared by materials
ru-aviation.livejournal.com
www.airwar.ru
www.militaryparitet.com
www.testpilot.ru
alternathistory.org.ua




















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  1. basil200
    basil200 April 4 2014 09: 25
    +6
    Which is not aggressive, does not inspire fear. More like a sports or toy airplane.
    1. Nayhas
      Nayhas April 4 2014 12: 13
      +14
      Quote: basil200
      Which is not aggressive, does not inspire fear. More like a sports or toy airplane.

      This is because he is Chinese, if it were ours, "the boys would shout hurray! And they threw girls into the air!"
      1. jjj
        jjj April 4 2014 14: 27
        +4
        The Chinese know to yourself riveted copies of our, European and American aircraft. Then they compare their use not in single samples, but in large groups. It becomes almost clear: in which country of development is better
        1. cdrt
          cdrt April 4 2014 21: 26
          +3
          Quote: jjj
          The Chinese know to yourself riveted copies of our, European and American aircraft. Then they compare their use not in single samples, but in large groups. It becomes almost clear: in which country of development is better


          This is not a copy, but actually the original Lavi laughing
          1. mirag2
            mirag2 April 5 2014 08: 03
            0
            Sorry-studied the topic.
            This is not a copy. The engines are Russian.
            1. mirag2
              mirag2 April 5 2014 09: 10
              0
              And this is also a copy of "lavi"?
              Mitsubishi F-2
              1. 0255
                0255 April 5 2014 11: 07
                +1
                Quote: mirag2
                And this is also a copy of "lavi"?
                Mitsubishi F-2

                This is a joint Japanese-American development based on the F-16. In the 1980s and early 1990s, his program was called FS-X, the Japanese tried to create a new fighter themselves, but realized that they could not do anything without help. The Americans suggested they create a new fighter based on the F-15, F-16 and F / A-18, the Japanese chose the F-16.
                In the early 1990s, like Eurofighter and Rafal, it was called the 5th generation, it was promised to be made invisible to radars. The Japanese already at the design stage compared their FS-X with the Zero fighter. He was predicted to be effective at the level of the then-super-duper-cool promising F-22 fighter, which had just won the competition of its rival YF-23 and had not yet been brought to mass production.
                Here is a link about him:
                http://www.airwar.ru/enc/fighter/fsx.html
                Here is what Google found for the Mitsubishi FS-X:

                [img] http://forum.keypublishing.co.uk/attachment.php?attachmentid=108378 [/ img]


                One picture for some reason did not fit.
                Perhaps such options were investigated by the Japanese before deciding to make it to the F-16 base.
        2. mirag2
          mirag2 April 5 2014 08: 04
          +1
          With this logic, the Chinese will have all the best from anywhere.
      2. cdrt
        cdrt April 4 2014 21: 26
        +1
        Quote: Nayhas
        Quote: basil200
        Which is not aggressive, does not inspire fear. More like a sports or toy airplane.

        This is because he is Chinese, if it were ours, "the boys would shout hurray! And they threw girls into the air!"


        IT'S FIVE! laughing

        A beautiful plane Lavi.
        I remember very sorry when the Jews refused to produce it.
        And you would not only be with your tanks and TBTR, but also with airplanes
        1. 0255
          0255 April 5 2014 11: 23
          +1
          Quote: cdrt
          A beautiful plane Lavi.
          I remember very sorry when the Jews refused to produce it.
          And you would not only be with your tanks and TBTR, but also with airplanes

          Well, I'm sorry that the states did not want to lose the Israeli market for the F-16 and get a competitor for their fighters.
    2. The comment was deleted.
    3. The comment was deleted.
    4. Churchhouse
      Churchhouse April 11 2014 18: 00
      +1
      And that they should be afraid of the aircraft externally, all the more so they are preparing modern pilots so that they jump out in front of him even if the enemy squadron does not panic, but would do everything to take as many of the enemy with him as possible to the next world
  2. Zerstorer
    Zerstorer April 4 2014 09: 46
    +8
    Good car 4 generations. In the long term, the expansion of opportunities to work on ground targets (generation 4+).
  3. vietnam7
    vietnam7 April 4 2014 09: 54
    +5
    I would like to be enlightened by knowledgeable people - what kind of mini wing with different installation angles in photo No. 10?
    1. Zerstorer
      Zerstorer April 4 2014 10: 45
      +7
      Angle of attack sensor
      1. vietnam7
        vietnam7 April 4 2014 10: 57
        +2
        Thank you, can I explain in more detail how it works, is it established that I understood on earth?
        1. Argon
          Argon April 4 2014 11: 09
          +14
          It is not installed, the "feathers" (a pair of them on both sides) are in a permanently free position, lifted under the action of the incoming flow and gives an idea of ​​the position of the airplane relative to the motion vector. positions "natreporechennye" on the skin serve for more convenient diagnostics. The article is quite detailed, which is a rarity for Chinese cars. The plane is not bad, it appeared rather well, but then it happened.
        2. FID
          FID April 4 2014 14: 46
          +10
          Quote: vietnam7
          Thank you, can I explain in more detail how it works, is it established that I understood on earth?

          The freely rotating surface, in flight, is located parallel to the oncoming stream (imagine a weather vane, and even this "wing" is called, in our country, a weather vane). On the ground, the DAU is de-energized, because the lion's share of the energy is spent on heating the weather vane (it is rather cold at an altitude), therefore, after checks, tarnishing colors are visible on the surface of the weather vane. DAU shows the angle of attack, i.e. the angle at which the plane flies to the oncoming stream. I got to this article late, I would have explained earlier.
          1. vietnam7
            vietnam7 April 4 2014 15: 06
            +6
            Quote: SSI
            Late got on this article, would explain earlier.
            It's okay, thanks for the clarification. In this, I see the main plus of the topvar _ you don’t know something, there will always be people who have come across this.
            1. FID
              FID April 4 2014 15: 08
              +3
              Quote: vietnam7
              thanks for the clarification.

              I am always glad to answer what I know.
              1. vietnam7
                vietnam7 April 5 2014 07: 00
                0
                discoloration colors are visible. - the term used by blacksmiths and termists, do you have anything to do with them?
    2. bigELDAK
      bigELDAK April 4 2014 11: 06
      +9
      The most common (antediluvian) so to speak sensor of angles of attack and slip. It simply gives data on the slope, position in space.
  4. inkass_98
    inkass_98 April 4 2014 10: 54
    +8
    Yeah. "What will save us from revision? Only theft" (C). An airplane from the series "washer yenok looks a little like a bulldog and a dog" ... laughing
    And still, do not take away from the Chinese - they bought something, stole something, and thought up something. And in the end, it flies, is adopted, and will be sold over a hill. I respect you.
  5. Eugene
    Eugene April 4 2014 11: 01
    +4
    In 2013, at MAX.
  6. Eugene
    Eugene April 4 2014 11: 05
    +1
    Group aerobatics (ibid.)
  7. svp67
    svp67 April 4 2014 11: 22
    +3
    And immediately the Chinese equipped it with a refueling bar in the air - well done ... Although of course the plane looks "rude" ...
  8. Master_Lviv
    Master_Lviv April 4 2014 11: 34
    +3
    It is somewhat similar to a mixture of "F-16" and "Mirage".
    1. Professor
      Professor April 4 2014 13: 25
      +11
      Quote: Master_Lviv
      It is somewhat similar to a mixture of "F-16" and "Mirage".

      Why are you surprised? The Israelis then produced Mirages Kfira and Yuzali F-16. So they gathered the best from both.
      1. cdrt
        cdrt April 4 2014 21: 29
        0
        Quote: Professor
        Quote: Master_Lviv
        It is somewhat similar to a mixture of "F-16" and "Mirage".

        Why are you surprised? The Israelis then produced Mirages Kfira and Yuzali F-16. So they gathered the best from both.


        It is a pity that yours did not begin to produce it. Would now not only be with Merkava and Namer, but also with Lavi
        1. Professor
          Professor April 5 2014 08: 23
          0
          Quote: cdrt
          It is a pity that yours did not begin to produce it. Would now not only be with Merkava and Namer, but also with Lavi

          Free F-16s ruined this project.
  9. sv68
    sv68 April 4 2014 11: 40
    +3
    far go the Chinese. I wonder what percentage of Chinese components in their aircraft
  10. black_falcon
    black_falcon April 4 2014 11: 45
    +3
    With the world by strings and turned out not a bad hard worker for the Chinese Air Force. And there are already 100 of them ... soon their engine will be brought to mind. Time will tell if we are doing the right thing helping them.
    1. 0255
      0255 April 4 2014 12: 03
      +4
      Quote: black_falcon
      Soon, their engine will be brought to mind. Time will tell if we are doing the right thing helping them.

      How can you be sure that the Chinese will bring their engine to mind?
      And about whether you need to help the Chinese, you are right. Still, on their maps they depict Russia only from Smolensk to the Urals, and designate the territory from the Urals to Vladivostok as their
      1. cdrt
        cdrt April 4 2014 21: 35
        +1
        Quote: 0255
        How can you be sure that the Chinese will bring their engine to mind?
        And about whether you need to help the Chinese, you are right. Still, on their maps they depict Russia only from Smolensk to the Urals, and designate the territory from the Urals to Vladivostok as their


        About the engine - you're right. Today, normal engines in the world can be produced, such as the Russian Federation, the USA, the World Bank, France, Germany and Japan. I think that's it. The pinnacle of TECHNOLOGY, and at the same time industrial production. So just do not steal. A copy will look very similar, only work for 100 hours, and not for several thousand.
        About maps in China - in all schools on geographical maps the same as in the Russian Federation. The rest is nonsense (I worked a lot in China, my friend is a Chinese teacher). The history maps of course depict the territory of the empire before the Nerchinsk Treaty, but this is history, you cannot erase words from it.
        1. 52
          52 April 5 2014 11: 46
          0
          As for the engines: in "A&V" there is an interview with a Chinese flyer, where he says that despite the higher tabular power, this aircraft flies better on Russian engines. And the resource and reliability are not yet comparable at all.
  11. Nayhas
    Nayhas April 4 2014 12: 06
    -1
    An excellent machine for mass production, if you start licensed production, then in a short time all MiG-29s can be replaced. In the J-10B variant, naturally ... There are simply no other options.
    1. Sergei75
      Sergei75 April 4 2014 12: 18
      +3
      And is this WE should buy a license from them?
      http://worldweapon.ru/images/sam/mig142/smig142_06.jpg
      1. Professor
        Professor April 4 2014 13: 29
        +6
        Quote: Sergei75
        http://worldweapon.ru/images/sam/mig142/smig142_06.jpg

        What are you talking about? Lavi was already flying when the MiG 1.44 advance project was defended.
        request
    2. Fiero
      Fiero April 4 2014 12: 30
      +4
      What the hell?
      Do MiG-35
      1. cdrt
        cdrt April 4 2014 21: 36
        +1
        Quote: Fiero
        What the hell?
        Do MiG-35


        In Soviet times, it would have been called some kind of Mig-29KhUZ ...
        But they don’t do a new plane. Just thinking about LFI
    3. 0255
      0255 April 4 2014 14: 03
      +1
      Quote: Nayhas
      An excellent machine for mass production, if you start licensed production, then in a short time all MiG-29s can be replaced. In the J-10B variant, naturally ... There are simply no other options.

      Are you kidding? You still offer to purchase J-31, a Chinese copy of the f-35.
      1. Nayhas
        Nayhas April 4 2014 21: 41
        0
        Quote: 0255
        Are you kidding? You still offer to purchase J-31, a Chinese copy of the f-35.

        No. In the coming years, we will lose the last flying MiG-29, which is absolutely nothing to replace. The MiG-35 may not be a bad car, but the price is incredibly high, and we need a mass fighter to cover the sky. Only a single-engine fighter with a mass of not more than 10 tons can be massive. It will not be difficult to organize the production of the J-10B, China did not impose sanctions on us and can provide the entire production line. And for the mass production of the MiG-35 we need new modern equipment, and who will sell it to us now?
  12. Warhead-xnumx
    Warhead-xnumx April 4 2014 12: 07
    +3
    And he reminded me very much of the rejected MIG 1.44
  13. 0255
    0255 April 4 2014 12: 08
    +6
    Jews and Russians helped the Chinese in creating the j-10, and in the end they declare that this fighter "is 100% purely Chinese development. laughing It is somehow ugly on their part to forget about the help of specialists from Russia and Israel
    1. cdrt
      cdrt April 4 2014 21: 38
      +2
      Quote: 0255
      Jews and Russians helped the Chinese in the creation of the j-10, but in the end they declare that this fighter is "100% purely Chinese development. It is somehow ugly of them to forget about the help of specialists from Russia and Israel.


      We, too, in my opinion, all the first engines of the Cradle were copies of the British. And, nothing, rejoiced at the successes of domestic industry. The normal approach of a country that is eager to develop its industry and science
      1. 0255
        0255 April 4 2014 23: 11
        +3
        Quote: cdrt
        We, too, in my opinion, all the first engines of the Cradle were copies of the British. And, nothing, rejoiced at the successes of domestic industry. The normal approach of a country that is eager to develop its industry and science

        but these are only the first engines, in the future Cradle did them himself. And the Chinese are still copying engines, copying, but not copying
      2. 52
        52 April 5 2014 11: 51
        0
        We, too, in my opinion, all the first engines of the Cradle were copies of the British. And, nothing, rejoiced at the successes of domestic industry. The normal approach of a country that is eager to develop its industry and science
        Actually, V. Klimov-VK-1 engines
  14. Sergei75
    Sergei75 April 4 2014 12: 12
    +3
    Quote
    "Naturally, in the PRC, they could not solve such a difficult problem without cooperation with foreign companies possessing the most modern aircraft building technologies."

    Damn - political correctness, say so - they couldn’t, if they hadn’t stolen!
    Something is similar to the MiG, according to the "Duck" scheme, it is "good" if it was stolen, and it could have been sold ...
    MiG 1.42
    1. 0255
      0255 April 4 2014 13: 57
      +1
      In the 1990s, the Chinese wanted to get a license for the production of the MiG MFI, on which so many hopes were then pinned. And the MIG employees seemed to be traveling to China "to earn money." So it is quite possible that some developments in the MFI or its light version of the LFI found application in this "Chinese"
      1. cdrt
        cdrt April 4 2014 21: 40
        +3
        Quote: 0255
        So it is quite possible that some developments in the MFI or its light version of the LFI found application in this "Chinese"


        It seems to be yes, only they used the elements of MFIs in their other aircraft - what they call the 5th generation.
        And this is Israeli Lavi as it is
    2. cdrt
      cdrt April 4 2014 21: 39
      +3
      Quote: Sergei75
      it looks like a MiG, according to the "Duck" scheme, it is "good" if it was stolen, but it could have been sold.


      Not Mig, but Lavi. Which in the forerunners of the F-16 ...
  15. black_falcon
    black_falcon April 4 2014 12: 41
    0
    With the world by strings and turned out not a bad hard worker for the Chinese Air Force. And there are already 100 of them ... soon their engine will be brought to mind. Time will tell if we are doing the right thing helping them.
  16. GRAY
    GRAY April 4 2014 14: 11
    +4
    This "Chengdu" is very much like an eurofighter.
    In the photo Eurofighter.
  17. Roman 1977
    Roman 1977 April 4 2014 14: 26
    +7
    Well, as everyone knows, this Chinese pepelaz Chengdu J-10 has Israeli roots: this only Chinese production aircraft more or less meeting modern requirements was created on the basis of Israeli developments under the Lavi program. The basic layout decisions of the Israeli fighter were the basis for the project of a new Chinese aircraft, designated J-10. In the late 1980s - early 1990s, the program underwent further changes: Russia was involved in the creation of the J-10. In particular, it was decided to equip the new aircraft with the Russian turbojet engine "A. Lyulka-Saturn" AL-31F, which is also installed on the Su-27 fighters of the Chinese Air Force, which entailed a number of significant changes in the design of the aircraft, which was previously designed, obviously, under one The Chinese Air Force only confirmed the existence of the J-10 on December 29, 2006, although the aircraft had been in development for over 20 years and had been in service for three years. For many years, the Chinese denied the very existence of the fighter, despite the presence of a large number of photographs and detailed information on its on-board systems. The main disadvantage of the J-10 is considered to be its short flight range. In 2005, two prototypes were equipped with fuel receivers fixedly mounted on the starboard side in the forward fuselage. Based on test results, the air refueling system is approved for use on production aircraft. The aircraft is constantly being improved - this is how information exchange systems appeared. Sparka is a full-fledged combat aircraft, but is mainly used for training and training pilots.

    J-10A PLA Air Force of China

    Lavi
    As they say find the 10 differences.
    1. GRAY
      GRAY April 4 2014 14: 44
      +3
      Also saved on engines? Eurofighter has two each of these.
    2. FID
      FID April 4 2014 15: 23
      +7
      Quote: Novel 1977
      As they say find the 10 differences.

      But there are differences - the fuselage, the air intake, the cockpit, the fuselage keels ... Interestingly, the aerodynamics are better
      1. Roman 1977
        Roman 1977 April 4 2014 16: 14
        +6
        There are, of course, and should be, since Lavi was designed for the American turbojet engine Pratt & Whitney PW1120, and the Chengdu J-10 for the Russian turbojet engine A. Lyulka-Saturn AL-31F, there are strong differences in avionics, in addition, it is worth considering that the Israeli machine was created in the mid-80s (the first flight in 1986, and the Israelis abandoned it in 1987), and the Chinese made its first flight in 1998, and entered service in 2004, i.e. 12-18 years have passed. Compare the very first modifications of the Su-27 and MiG-29 with modern ones ...
        Now, regarding export shipments of Chengdu J-10.
        China planned to supply 36 fighters of this type to Pakistan.
        http://www.milaviapress.com/orbat/pakistan/index.php

        However, data on their supply is not available. It is known that Chengdu requested J-10 and DPRK, but China refused.
        North Korea asked China to sell several Chengdu J-10 fighters, but the PRC management rejected the offer.
        According to a senior source in North Korea, North Korean leader Kim Jong Il, when he visited China in early May 2010, made a corresponding request to Chinese President Hu Jintao. Observers believe that the refusal was the reason why Kim Jong Il shortened his visit by one day.

        http://aviarus.blogspot.de/2010/06/j10-for-northkorea.html

        So, there have not been any export deliveries of the fighter, confirmed by reliable facts (photo-video).
        And finally, the evolution of the Chinese aircraft industry:

        clickable
    3. Zerstorer
      Zerstorer April 5 2014 14: 05
      0
      Quote: Novel 1977
      As they say find the 10 differences.

      Find 10 matches) Do not offer standard fasteners)
  18. Roman 1977
    Roman 1977 April 4 2014 14: 29
    +5
    Europe is behind the development of another Chinese aircraft of its own design, the JH-7 (FBC-1) Flying Leopard multi-role fighter-bomber. For an aircraft that entered service in the 7st century, the JH-70A, aka Flying Leopard, looks rather archaic. Both in aerodynamics and technology, this plane seemed to emerge from the 30s. last century. In its appearance, you can easily discern the features of the "Jaguar", shock modifications of the "Phantom" or "Tornado" - famous in the past classic fighter-bombers, now finally going into reserve. This is not surprising if you remember that the creation of the machine began exactly then, more than 1973 years ago. The beginning of designing a new H-7 bomber for the aviation of the PRC army and navy in 632 coincided with the entry into the final stage of the Yugoslav-Romanian fighter-bomber program, which had the Anglo-French Jaguar as a role model. In those years, Yugoslavia, Romania, and China were united by a common hostility to the USSR, therefore the mutual exchange of military technologies was very intensive. The Europeans also encouraged "the weakest links of the Iron Curtain" to the best of their ability. For the Yugoslav-Romanian program SOKO / "Opao" Great Britain sold Rolls-Royce "Viper" Mk.633 and XNUMX engines and a license for their production, ejection seats, elements of avionics (for each country - its own) and so on.
    Nevertheless, the Chinese took the main decisions of the Yugoslav-Romanian design and reincarnated them in the guise of a two-engine vehicle with a radar, recalculating and increasing it by about one and a half times for a new power plant. The crew - the pilot and the operator of the weapon system - were placed one behind the other, and the operator, for a better view, was placed higher. The wing was adopted as a high swept wing with a break in the leading edge, an aerodynamic canine and a ridge. For self-defense on wingtips, pylons for air-to-air missiles were provided for the Mirage F1 type. The cannon armament for the N-7 was kindly offered by the Yugoslavs, who mastered the licensed production of the Soviet 23-mm double-barreled gun GSH-23L.
    Taking advantage of its status as "the main fighter against Soviet imperialism in the Far East," China was able to purchase from the same Great Britain four times more powerful Rolls-Royce Spey Mk.202 / 203 turbofan engines than Viper. In 1975, China received several Spey 202 engines for testing and production development. In general, the characteristics of the aircraft did not satisfy the military, in connection with which attempts were made to acquire a radar and a more powerful engine in the United States. The subsequent deterioration of relations with the West made it possible to understand that, despite the shortcomings of the JH-7, it remains the only Chinese multipurpose attack aircraft. Until 2003, China could not master the production of a copy of the Spey 202 engine. To continue the serial production of the JH-7 and replacement of engines that have exhausted their resource, in 2001, an additional 90 Speyevs were purchased from the availability of the British Air Force, taken from the British F-4K. Only for the JH-7A, a licensed copy was finally ready - the Chinese engine WS-9 Qinling.
    The JH-7 program developed in deep secrecy. For the first time "live" the plane could be seen in the reports of the Chinese state television from a series of exercises of the PLA in 1995-1996. during the so-called "Taiwan Strait Crisis". The official public debut of the aircraft took place at the air show in Zhuhai in 1998. That is, 25 (!) Years passed from the moment of development to the adoption of the aircraft.

    JH-7
  19. Bongo
    Bongo April 4 2014 15: 15
    +7
    The Chinese multi-role fighter J-10 was adopted by not only the Chinese army but also the army of Pakistan.

    Information on the adoption of the J-10 by the Pakistani Air Force seems to be dubious. Export of J-10 is currently not possible due to restrictions imposed on the re-export of Russian AL-31FN engines delivered to China to third countries. Hypothetical export deliveries from China of aircraft with these engines threaten to stop deliveries from Russia. It is unlikely that the Chinese will go for it. A reliable engine of its own production with similar characteristics in the PRC is not yet available.
    Perhaps a respected author confused the J-10 fighters with the Sino-Pakistani Chengdu JF-17 (pictured)
  20. twviewer
    twviewer April 4 2014 15: 19
    +5

    In the photo the old version, here is the new J-10B - the upgraded J-10A, equipped with a WS-10A engine, a recessed "barely noticeable" air intake, an on-board radar station with AFAR and a front-facing optical radar station.
    1. Bongo
      Bongo April 4 2014 15: 28
      +4
      J-10B - today exists in single instances, the aircraft only passes military tests.
      1. twviewer
        twviewer April 4 2014 15: 38
        +1
        perhaps, but in my photo the color is "drill"
  21. patsantre
    patsantre April 4 2014 16: 20
    +2
    What can I say, a simple modern aircraft. Probably does not reach rafal, eurofighter, superhornet and MiG-35 (if it still existed, and in the form in which it should be, with AFAR, etc.). But simplicity makes it cheap, especially considering the Chinese cheap labor. And taking into account the capabilities of their industry, they will be able to rivet such an entire armada and crush with quantity. If you hang a good weapon on it, supplement it with AWACS and electronic warfare aircraft, taking into account their huge number, you will get a very powerful force.
    Although the aircraft industry in China is not as developed as the marine industry ... the United States will still have more abrupt power, they are going to reach a speed of 150 F-35 per year, and this is not the limit.
    By the way, apparently even in China AFAR will be in service sooner than here. It's a shame.
  22. Sledgehammer
    Sledgehammer April 4 2014 16: 52
    +1
    And where is our LMI to replace the aging Mig-29?
    The article is interesting, thanks.
  23. Anton Gavrilov
    Anton Gavrilov April 4 2014 19: 19
    +2
    The Chinese have one very bad habit, which still plays a cruel joke with them on copying. During the creation of each aircraft, they took as a basis someone else’s foreign - they did not have a single combat aircraft created from scratch.
    1. gregor6549
      gregor6549 April 5 2014 14: 53
      +3
      And what difference does China make? The Chinese have set themselves the task of creating some of the most powerful aircraft in the world and are moving towards this goal in every possible way, including copying. The main thing is that they get very good equipment into service. And taking into account their number, individual disadvantages of individual samples are of particular importance. Mao also said that China is not afraid of losses. Yes, and when he counted them. In Korea alone, he put millions for no smell of tobacco, so what? So an assessment of any type of Chinese military equipment and weapons should be done taking into account this human, or rather non-human factor.
  24. Anton Gavrilov
    Anton Gavrilov April 4 2014 19: 20
    +1
    And the plane itself is good. Not the best of course in its type, but nonetheless.
  25. postman
    postman April 5 2014 20: 06
    0
    Eurofighter EF2000 "Typhoon"





    Everything "new" (in China) is well forgotten "old" (from around the world)

    [img] http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RWUhyY2X_lc [/ img]
  26. aircraft
    aircraft April 7 2014 17: 08
    +1
    Disinformation? Chinese J-10 outperform American F-22
    A curious "revelation" published by a Chinese news agency on Saturday, May 3, 2008. Quoting from a September 9, 2007 report by Reuters, the agency alludes to the interception by the Chinese Air Force on September 1 (2007) of a US F-22 fighter that took off from Guam and was allegedly considered missing at sea.
    In the same post, Xinhuanet talks in more detail about another U.S.-China accident at Quangang, Fujian province, which happened on August 16 (2007): another F-22 was attacked. The American fighter was chased by two Chinese J-10 aircraft, which received orders to open fire. F-22 crashed in the southern suburbs of Fuzhou, not far from Baihuting. The American pilot had the opportunity to escape by parachute and was captured.
    It is no doubt no coincidence that a Chinese news agency published (in Chinese) a report of these incidents - either true or false, and 8 months late. Moreover, with caution in order to obscure the trail: it was alleged that Reuters was the source of information on the first case, while the second was the result of "rumors circulating on the Internet." There was a great response in the Internet and in the Chinese press. However, this message was not in English, and the next day it disappeared.
    Under the current conditions of the revival of nationalism in China, Xinghua undoubtedly takes part in a patriotic pre-Olympic campaign in defiance of the "Western hostile forces in China." Whether we are talking about a reaction against CNN - this is not what China is thinking about at the moment. In any case, traces of this information have been erased, but rumors may again arise among the masses of the Chinese people.
    Charles Wang, May 4, 2008 Sunday
    QuestionChine.net

    “MILITARY INDUSTRIAL COURIER”, No. 45 (261), November 19–25, 2008, p.6.
    At the epicenter of attention
    From 4 to 9 November 2008, the 7th Airshow China'2008 international aerospace show took place in Zhuhai (PRC, Guangdong province).
    ...
    With bated breath, millions of citizens of the Celestial Empire personally and on television watched the public debut of the Chinese J-10 aircraft ("Jian" 10, which means "fighter").
    ...
    The J-10 prototype made its first successful flight in 1998. In 2004, the PLA Air Force formed the first fighter regiment, which began to receive serial "Dzyani".
    The most interesting thing is that the J-10 has already managed to prove themselves in business. As it became known during the exhibition, in the summer of 2007, "Jian" managed to bring down an American 5th generation F-22 multirole fighter. Yes, the same one - built using the Stealth technology, equipped with the latest avionics and the most expensive fighter in the world (the cost of one aircraft is over $ 120 million). The air battle took place over the Taiwan Strait, when the F-22, following as part of its air group, allegedly accidentally flew into the airspace of China. True, at the same time, the Chinese command also had to raise the Su-30 link to the sky, which during this incident cut off the remaining aircraft of the US Air Force from the intruder plane. The downed Raptor fell on the mainland of China, after which the owners of the territory dismantled it "for parts." And the F-22 pilot, which successfully ejected, the Chinese “quietly” - by mutual agreement of the parties - handed over to the American authorities.
    ...
    Vadim UDMANTSEV
    Zhuhai – Moscow
  27. Hoist
    Hoist April 9 2014 07: 30
    0
    I read something wrong, or there really is some discrepancy from the text in the article:
    On the Chengdu J-10 fighter, the internal fuel supply is 4950 liters. Fuel tanks are located in the fuselage.

    and lower in LTX:
    Fuel in the internal tanks - 2625 l.

    So how much fuel does it take?
  28. Zaurbek
    Zaurbek 9 October 2016 09: 25
    0
    I wonder if there is a prospect and the possibility of installing AL-41 and OVT? Interesting plane will turn out ....