Military Review

China's secret army

24
China's secret army

Study: China hides half of its spending on the armed forces, expert: Beijing does this, including for domestic political reasons.


The Chinese military spend much more than can be judged by the official size of the defense budget. About this writes the analyst of the Stockholm World Research Institute (SIPRI) Sam Perlo-Freeman.

The state budget for 2014 year, presented in March by the PRC government, is 15,3 trillion yuan ($ 2.5 trillion) including 808 billion yuan ($ 132 billion) for military needs, which is 12,2% more than in 2013 year.

Russia, which ranks third in the world in terms of the defense budget, spends almost half as much - $ 68 billion; Only the US, which spent $ 2013 billion on defense in 600, overtakes the Chinese. At the same time, official calculations do not even take into account 21 billion yuan ($ 3,4 billion) allocated to the army from the budget of the provincial authorities, Perlo-Freeman notes.

To obtain more accurate data, the SIPRI expert analyzed all open sources of information. In his opinion, the real expenditures of the PRC on the army are 55% higher than the official part of the defense budget, whose expenditure items are divided approximately equally into three main categories: personnel training, military personnel and their equipment, military equipment and machinery.

In practice, the government allocates additional funds for research and development, construction of military facilities, import weapons. Separately from the military budget, money is being spent on the maintenance of the People’s Armed Police of China - these paramilitary units ranging from 1,1 million to 1,5 million people are used to protect party organs, state enterprises and other important objects, as well as to fight organized crime and terrorism. Finally, the Ministry of Civil Administration has a special fund of funds, which is spent on demobilization payments and pensions to soldiers of the People’s Liberation Army of China (PLA).

According to SIPRI, Beijing’s real military spending already exceeded a trillion yuan ($ 2012 billion) in 166, although the official budget at that time was 669 billion yuan ($ 107,8 billion). The Pentagon estimates Chinese military spending over the same period in the amount of $ 135 billion to $ 215 billion. But, according to Perlo-Freeman, the US military did not provide a convincing justification for their calculations. Accurately taking into account all the expenses of China is extremely difficult, especially in such closed areas as research and development of new defense technologies, a specialist cautions.

The growth of the defense budget reflects the overall rate of Chinese economic growth, I'm sure Perlo-Freeman. China’s heightened attention to modernizing its armed forces is understandable - now the country's economy is the second largest in the world.

At the same time, the strengthening of the armed forces of the PRC has become a key factor influencing security in East Asia. Many neighboring countries are concerned about the low level of transparency of Chinese military spending and take this into account when developing their defense strategies. "China’s greater openness would stop the arms race in the region and would be a positive step to strengthen peace and stability between countries," the SIPRI analyst concluded.

Beijing hides military spending not for the purpose of fomenting regional conflicts, but for internal reasons, explains Alexei Maslov, director of the Center for Strategic Studies of China RUDN.

“China is now in a rather heavy fork - there is a constant struggle to reduce non-core expenses, in particular for officials. Excessive growth of the defense budget can cause discontent among the ordinary population, therefore, the authorities hide part of the expenses, ”the expert told Russian Planet.

According to Maslov, China’s military is not so much a weapon of war as a way to improve its status.

“China has begun to actively increase its budget since 2009, but the military field is still very weak and undeveloped. Despite the size of the army, in reality it lags behind the US forces, the combined power of Japan and South Korea, and in many respects from Russia. The country's authorities fear that this will not allow China to be considered a world power and they are trying to rectify the situation, ”says a Sinologist.

The danger of military conflicts in East Asia is still there, but depends not only on the actions of the PRC, Maslov insists.

“Russia is the main strategic ally of the PRC, but an acute situation may arise in the case of Taiwan, or North Korea will behave inadequately. In addition, in the region in addition to China there are such major military powers as Japan and South Korea. These factors influence at least an increase in the volume of armaments, ”the expert concludes.

Alexander Khramchikhin, deputy director of the Institute for Political and Military Analysis, wrote in the Russian Planet about what the Chinese army as a whole is about land forces, the Chinese Air Force and Beijing’s nuclear potential.
Originator:
http://rusplt.ru/
24 comments
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  1. johnsnz
    johnsnz April 3 2014 14: 19
    +5
    This is a Chinese lure - a trap for the gullible laughing
    1. jjj
      jjj April 3 2014 14: 24
      +9
      A curious embarrassment occurred at the recent meeting of Xing Jinping and Merkel. Frau Chancellor presented her Chinese colleague with an old map. This map was compiled in 1735 by the French cartographer Jean-Baptiste Bourguignon d'Anville. It does not include Tibet, Xinjiang, Mongolia and Manchuria, as well as the islands of Taiwan and Hainan in China. Such a diplomatic allusion really pricked the Chinese leader.
      But the story does not end there. A desa was launched that Merkel handed China a completely different card - John Dover, published in London in 1844. This map depicts China at the zenith of power, and as the Chinese territories on it are marked not only Tibet and Taiwan, but also large pieces of Siberia and the Far East. This card, as a result of deliberate substitution or misunderstanding, very pleased Chinese bloggers and delighted the Ukrainian media.
      But Xing Jinping was not happy
      1. Eydolon
        Eydolon April 3 2014 15: 00
        0
        you can't joke with China, otherwise he himself will then joke about Eurogey, a carpet soaked in pepper, in which especially "lucky" cartographers are wrapped, for many thousands of years
      2. Alexandr0id
        Alexandr0id April 3 2014 16: 20
        0
        in fact, this is a map of the Manchu empire of qing, to which the Chinese have the same attitude as the Indians to the Mughal empire or the Arabs to the Ottoman. that is, a subordinate. and in 1735 neither the Dzungaria nor the Kashgar were conquered by the Qing. but formosa and Hainan were already Manchu.
    2. Cherdak
      Cherdak April 3 2014 14: 24
      +15
      Quote: johnsnz
      This is a Chinese lure - a trap for the gullible

      Do not put a finger in this Chinese mouth winked
    3. Lord of the Sith
      Lord of the Sith April 3 2014 15: 02
      +2
      In the article, everything is collected to the heap and the costs of the Internal Troops and other costs. And why not add the costs of launching taikonauts and military satellites? laughing
    4. Army1
      Army1 April 3 2014 16: 46
      +1
      http://www.newsru.com/world/13nov2006/avianosez.html - КИТАЙСКАЯ ДЭПЛ условно уничтожила Авианосец США, и это в 2006 году.
      And many are afraid that US aircraft carriers pose a huge danger to our entire vast country.
  2. platitsyn70
    platitsyn70 April 3 2014 14: 20
    +4
    Well done Chinese, VPK is the main thing
    1. krechet-1978
      krechet-1978 April 3 2014 14: 48
      +6
      China is a closed country, so many perceive China as a kind of mysterious monolith. However, the Chinese are not one people, they are hundreds of the most diverse and contradictory peoples of the yellow race, who even speak hundreds of different languages ​​and dialects - they do not have a common language, only a common written language that allows them to somehow communicate with each other. Modern China owes its integral existence to the USSR - which covered China with its military-political authority from Western countries. - Look at the history of China - only lazy did not abuse China over 500 years. The Chinese Communist Party, with the support of the USSR, crushed all the numerous internal centrifugal forces and heterogeneous national groups with its weight, therefore, there could be a potential scenario for the collapse of the USSR with the same consequences.
      1. krechet-1978
        krechet-1978 April 3 2014 14: 51
        +1
        But Russia needs China to be stable and at least positively neutral. China has a serious economic potential and this should not only be reckoned with, but also used for the good of Russia, China and general stability in the world.
        1. krechet-1978
          krechet-1978 April 3 2014 15: 02
          +2
          There are two generally accepted misconceptions about China - this is that the Great Wall of China is visible from space and that the Chinese are great inventors. So, the wall is not visible from space, although it is long but very narrow - as wide as a two-lane highway. Nobody says that all highways are visible from space. Yes, and the Chinese do not have the potential of inventors, all that is attributed to them is shamelessly sleeping ... borrowed. But on the other hand, the Chinese race has a talent for borrowing from others, storing it carefully, the skill of reproducing technology and goods, and also has fantastic patience and hard work. China is our neighbor and you need to know it in all details and, of course, live in peace and mutually beneficial. For this, Russia must always have a strong army)))
          1. krechet-1978
            krechet-1978 April 3 2014 15: 13
            0
            For China, the army will always be super expensive. The reason is simple, since the authors of all the latest military developments are Russia, the USA or Europe, then China will always be late with rearmament, and given the decent size of the Chinese army and the desire to feverishly withstand its adaptability - it will cost how much.
  3. Same lech
    Same lech April 3 2014 14: 20
    +6
    This writes the analyst of the Stockholm Institute for the Study of World Problems (SIPRI) Sam Perlo-Freeman.



    Western analysts so crap with CRIMEA ... to believe that they do not respect themselves.
    1. ya.seliwerstov2013
      ya.seliwerstov2013 April 3 2014 14: 39
      +1
      They do not believe themselves, therefore, they lie in all directions. If that ... Well, we WARNED.
      1. afdjhbn67
        afdjhbn67 April 3 2014 14: 44
        0
        if you issue a hundred predictions and one comes true, as a rule, these "analysts" cling to and troll them all to the nausea.
  4. cosmos111
    cosmos111 April 3 2014 14: 21
    +3
    with China, must be friends !!!!

    but our armored train, on the Chinese border, should always be on the SPARE WAY IN STEPS !!!!
    1. krechet-1978
      krechet-1978 April 3 2014 14: 36
      +2
      China is a strategic partner, we will cooperate. And let the children be friends in kindergarten.
      1. cosmos111
        cosmos111 April 3 2014 15: 05
        -1
        Quote: krechet-1978
        strategic partner

        partner maybe in the bed of a woman (sexual) or a man, as you like ((((

        but with China, we should have, namely FRIENDSHIP and STRATEGIC COOPERATION ((((
        1. Cherdak
          Cherdak April 3 2014 15: 13
          +4
          Quote: cosmos111
          with China, we must have, namely FRIENDSHIP and STRATEGIC COOPERATION

          They still have a lot to learn and learn from the Chekists ...
        2. krechet-1978
          krechet-1978 April 3 2014 17: 35
          +1
          Absolutely not true! It is in the relationship of a man with his beloved woman that love and friendship are necessarily present, and not just "adult relationships." We are not animals, humans have a much wider range of communication and perception of reality. But in politics, diplomacy and international relations between states there is only a hard sekas and it is better to control the situation here.
  5. kopar
    kopar April 3 2014 14: 22
    +2
    When large muscles are pumped up, you always want to put them into action ...
  6. Name
    Name April 3 2014 14: 24
    +2
    If we now find out how much, on what and why the Defense Ministry spends, the krindets is in our state. There are things that are unknown and even here .... yeah. repeat
  7. starhina01
    starhina01 April 3 2014 14: 31
    +1
    What can I say to you comrades Chinese what modesty adorns a person, no one ever reveals all cards hi
  8. konvalval
    konvalval April 3 2014 14: 32
    +4
    In the end, it’s their money, and it’s better to spend it on defense than to billions of people out of the country into the pockets of oligarchs.
  9. Draz
    Draz April 3 2014 14: 33
    +2
    Why didn’t they write about the US military bases in Japan, South Korea, Thailand, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Taiwan, Hong Kong, the Mariana Islands? Probably they are not in the immediate vicinity of China (sarcasm).
  10. sv68
    sv68 April 3 2014 15: 02
    +1
    Well, they considered the Chinese defense budget, it will become easier for them from this. This is China's loot and the Chinese can decide where and how to spend them
  11. Giant thought
    Giant thought April 3 2014 15: 03
    0
    And what’s so extraordinary, it’s a common practice, the Chinese haven’t come up with anything new. And our mutually beneficial strategic cooperation in the military sphere needs to be developed in every way possible in spite of the mattress covers.
  12. siberalt
    siberalt April 3 2014 15: 09
    0
    Without an army, a Chinese state is nothing. It happened historically. In the foreseeable period prescribed by historians, no one attacked China except Japan in World War II. But a powerful army has always been, including the terricone. And the casket just opens. The army is needed to establish absolute power within. Hence the secrets. But China cannot be considered a police state with communist ideology. Not comme il faut, damn it!
  13. Gagarin
    Gagarin April 3 2014 16: 05
    0
    SUPPORT!
    GOLD WORDS!
    Quote: konvalval
    In the end, it’s their money, and it’s better to spend it on defense than to billions of people out of the country into the pockets of oligarchs.
  14. polkovnik manuch
    polkovnik manuch April 3 2014 16: 43
    0
    Nobody will ever tell the truth about defense spending. This is a mystery behind seven biscuits! In addition, articles that include defense spending in particular R&D can and do go through completely different sections of the budget, this is world practice.
  15. Alexandr0id
    Alexandr0id April 3 2014 16: 55
    +3
    over the past 2 thousand years, China, with all its crowding, has been repeatedly captured by foreigners:
    - 304-439 years. the whole of northern China under the rule of various prototurkic, protomongolian and prototibetan kingdoms,
    - from 439 to 534 north under the rule of the Mongol-speaking tabbachs (toba-wei),
    - From 618 to 907, all of China under the rule of the Tang Dynasty - the same northern Tabghach nobility with reliance on the Türks and Uyghurs, the dynasty settled itself only after the An-Lushan rebellion, i.e. in the second half of the 8th century,
    - from 923 to 950, China is ruled by the Chateau Turks, a country with a population of several tens of millions of people under the rule of a tribe of several tens of thousands of people,
    - From 1115 to 1234, northern China was surrounded by the Jurchen (the ancestors of the Manchu),
    - from 1234 to 1368 Genghisides,
    - From 1644 to 1911, the Manchus of the Qing Empire.
    thus any strengthening of China sooner or later ends in the fall and subjugation of the truly imperial peoples by their nature and mentality.
  16. chunga-changa
    chunga-changa April 3 2014 23: 24
    0
    All military budgets of all countries combined, less than one military budget of America. There is no particular sense in counting these tears for America. Moreover, to worry whether they are really so tiny as they say, or the Chinese are trying to deceive.