British media interested in Wahhabism in Crimea is alarming. After all, the "Wahhabi card" was actively played out by British intelligence at the beginning of the last century on another Peninsula, the Arabian one. As on the Arabian Peninsula, in Afghanistan and Syria, in Pakistan and Africa, and today in the Crimea, Wahhabis at any time can act as a detonator of the conflict.
But before we talk about this "detonator", a small clarification. The media and expert speeches usually speak of Wahhabis and Salafis, which gives the impression of some difference between these trends. There is a difference, but it is so insignificant that it can be safely ignored. Salafism is a political practice of Wahhabi teachings, they are so intertwined that there is virtually no difference between Wahhabism and Salafism. Moreover, in the conversations in the West about certain differences that exist between Wahhabis and Salafis, there is a certain amount of guile.
Wahhabism - the state ideology of Saudi Arabia, a strategic partner of the United States and NATO. Naturally, it is not very profitable for the West to admit that its “unsinkable aircraft carrier Arabia is a breeding ground for the ideology of terrorism and radicalism. But it is difficult to object to the facts: it is the preachers from Saudi Arabia that the world “owes” to the appearance of the Taliban, the Central Asian Hizb ut-Tahrir, the Syrian Jabhat al-Nusra, the African Al-Shabab and other Wahhabi organizations whose tentacles stretched to the post-Soviet space - from Chechnya to the Crimea.
Actually, it was through Chechnya that Wahhabism began its active penetration into the Crimean peninsula.
Chechen militants licked wounds received in battles with Russian troops, in Saki and Evpatoria sanatoriums with their mud baths. The Chechen presence was practically legalized by the then Ukrainian authorities; there was no secret for the SBU, but for the Crimean Tatars it became a form of help to the co-religionists.
Through nominees, people from Chechnya bought housing in Feodosia, settled in Bakhchisarai, where the “headquarters” of the criminal group controlling the Saky, Bakhchisarai and Yalta-Alushta zones was located, which at one time became a kind of “personnel department” for vacationing militants.
And along with the militants, Wahhabi preachers penetrated, who immediately began recruiting supporters, creating cells and establishing control over mosques. At first, taking advantage of the indecisiveness of the Imams, they began to pray in a group separate from the rest of the Muslims. Then this group expanded at the expense of local residents, and then the mosque became “clean” - from the Wahhabi point of view.
The next stage of the Wahhabi penetration into the Crimea was the activity of Hizb ut-Tahrir, which, unlike Russia and the Central Asian republics, in Ukraine was not included in the list of terrorist organizations. Since 2003, she began to master the Crimea tightly, creating a network of "parallel mosques": rooms for prayer, equipped in private houses. The close representatives of the Ukrainian press tried to present the Wahhabi cells as “a circle of interests for a dozen Muslim romantics who dream of a revival of the Great Caliphate,” but only themselves turned out to be deceived.
The local Tatars knew the price of Wahhabis. On the route Bakhchisarai-Sevastopol there is a village Kholmovka, which was chosen by the Wahhabis. Tatar elders soon came to the new settlers: “If the village lights up, our houses and shops, cafes and pharmacies will disappear. Better leave! Otherwise, we will burn you yourself. ”
But these were still isolated cases, since the radicalization of the Crimean Muslims fully met the interests of Kiev, which sought, therefore, to create a counterweight to the pro-Russian orientation of the majority of the population of the peninsula.
President Viktor Yushchenko liked to repeat: “The only real Ukrainians in Crimea are the Crimean Tatars!”
And the executives from the authorities and the SBU were engaged in the practical implementation of the simple “Divide and rule” formula on the peninsula, closing their eyes to the increase in the number of Wahhabis and the growth of nationalist sentiments among the Crimean Tatars. As a result, the ideology of the Tatar nationalists and local Wahhabis closed on the main issue: the peninsula is the territory of the Muslims. Both nationalists and Wahhabis, estimated at around five thousand on the peninsula, are convinced that a sovereign state should be created in Crimea. And they supplement their convictions with concrete actions, creating parallel self-government systems and introducing a semi-legal “tax” on the “maintenance of ethnic / Islamic authorities”.
Today, the new Crimean authorities are trying to convince the Tatars that they have nothing to fear from changing the autonomy status. They offered them the post of deputy prime minister, three ministerial portfolios, official recognition of their public organizations, and even agreed to return the original Tatar names to some localities. Neither the nationalists nor the Wahhabis are satisfied with this. Radicals generally refuse from any dialogue with the authorities, because any authority where they are not the main ones - “from Shaitan”, and cooperation with such authority is a sin and a crime punishable by death by the rules of the Sharia court.
Nationalists from the Crimean Tatars are not satisfied with this proposal. Because, firstly, the Majlis of the Crimean Tatars headed for “resistance to the Russian occupation”, and secondly, the promise of the authorities on the first days of the “Crimean events” about the 20-percentage quota of the representation of the Tatar minority in elected bodies is in no way tied to Russian legislation , which will live in the Crimea. The Deputy Chairman of the State Council of the Peninsula, Grigory Ioffe, actually canceled this promise, stating: "There are no legal grounds for introducing any quotas in the Russian Federation, they pass to the authorities on an equal basis, and there are no advantages on national grounds." Of course, he “sweetened” the situation, explaining: in reality, this quota will be present, but only in those areas of government where there are no elected posts, and also drew attention to the fact that the new Russian region will be trilingual, Russian will be the official languages Crimean Tatar and Ukrainian. To be fair, it should be noted that the 20-percentage quota would not solve problems in relations with the leaders of the Crimean Tatars, since anti-Russian sentiment prevails at the top of the Majlis, but this is a separate topic.
Mustafa Dzhemilev confesses with British journalists: “This agreement is not worth even the paper on which it is written. Tomorrow everything can change. ” Tomorrow, is this obvious at the moment when the detonator works in the form of local Wahhabis? Is it enough for this five thousand people?
To answer this question, you need to clearly understand who the Wahhabis are. Today, only one percent of Muslims consider themselves to be a sect, which has long and methodically broken ties with traditional Islam. Officially, Wahhabism was recognized only in Saudi Arabia and Qatar, and was also the ideology of the Afghan Taliban until their fall.
How did it happen that this, in essence, a sect, covering no more than one percent of the population of the Islamic world, today, in fact, sets the tone in all conflicts from Africa to India?
The beginning of the expansion of Wahhabism coincided with the political rise of Saudi Arabia in the wake of the Middle Eastern war of October 1973, when the flow of petrodollars rushed to the Saudis dynasty. If the kingdom revenues in 1973 were 4,3 billion dollars, then in 1974 - already 22,6 billion! Saudi Arabia received unlimited funds to realize its long-standing ambitious dreams of the monopoly of Wahhabism. The Ministry of Religious Affairs in Riyadh printed and distributed free of charge millions of copies of the Koran and a huge number of Wahhabi doctrinal texts distributed across mosques around the world - from the African savanna to rice plantations of Indonesia and municipal houses of European suburbs. The genie was released from the bottle, and soon began to live a life separate from the patrons, taking more and more radical forms.
A feature of Wahhabism is that, because of its primitiveness, because it denies all the achievements of human thought and insists on a literal interpretation of the verses of the Koran, it gives simple answers to the most complex questions. Simple to primitivism, but, as it turned out, extremely in demand. These answers have nothing to do with traditional Islam, but then, even Wahhabis say that present Islam is a distortion, and only they know the path to "pure Islam."
In this "pure Islam" women are inferior beings, and therefore Wahhabis do not allow them to work, drive a car, or leave the house without being accompanied by a male family member. It is allowed to beat them for the slightest offense, it is imperative to demand to cover their faces with black covers, any participation of women in public affairs is prohibited.
In this "pure Islam" are considered forbidden monuments stories, memorial burials, tombstones with the names of the deceased or distinctive signs. Therefore, in the 1925 year, capturing Medina, the Wahhabis destroyed the Baki cemetery along with the monuments, including the graves of the daughter of the Prophet Muhammad Fatima and his grandson Hassan, destroyed the house of the Prophet Mohammed and his wife Khadija in Mecca, which stood for 1400 for years. At the same time, they almost destroyed the tomb of the Prophet Muhammad, but were stopped by the king himself. And at the beginning of 2002, an architectural monument was destroyed in Mecca - the Ottoman fort Ajyad from the outside of the Kaaba, to make way for the construction of a new hotel complex. Wahhabis generally demolished all the old quarters of Mecca and Medina, including the ancient walls of cities and old markets, building shopping centers and highways there.
They arrogated to themselves the right to declare other Muslims apostates on the basis of their performing spiritual rites, with which the Wahhabis do not agree. And having appropriated the right to judge and pass a sentence on “apostasy”, they also consider it their duty to execute the sentence.
All structures of political power that do not share their ideas are considered illegal by Wahhabis, and representatives of this power are usurpers who are allowed to overthrow, kill, and select their property.
If a male Wahhabi does not have a family and work, he is obliged to commit jihad, so as not to disgrace before his brethren, and the concept of jihad among them is, of course, his own, “the purest and the only true”. If a Jihad among Muslims can only be declared a legitimate ruler if their lands and their lives are endangered or attacked, the Wahhabis declare it on their own. In traditional Islam, there is no concept of "total war", and Wahhabis consider it legal to kill all the "infidels", regardless of gender and age, violence and bullying and, again, the possession of the property of the vanquished.
Impressive examples of the Wahhabi "jihad" were given in the recent past by Algeria, where the "zealots of pure Islam" killed about a hundred thousand civilians, and today it is given by Syria with cannibalism and cutting heads "on camera".
However, it is difficult to shock the Russian reader with Syrian personnel, we have seen enough Wahhabis in Chechnya.
Suicide in Islam is considered an unforgivable sin, and the Wahhabis call their suicide bombers “martyrs” martyrs, although only those who died for the faith or defending their homeland can be called a martyr. According to the Wahhabi teachings, the demands of Islamic morality no longer apply to the person who chooses the path of the “shahid”, and therefore he is allowed everything that is forbidden for other Muslims - alcohol, drugs and “Huria” with hourly pay.
It is quite clear that the carriers of such an ideology and such morality are the most desirable personnel for any terrorist underground anywhere in the world. But those who regard Wahhabis as a tool in geopolitical games, as was the case with the Taliban or jihadists in Syria, make one serious mistake. The Wahhabis are completely incapable of negotiating, and in one "beautiful" moment they begin to cut their self-confident "masters" and yesterday's allies. For the simple reason that Wahhabis are a rigidly structured organization. There is “infantry”, which is used as a consumable material in conflicts. There are so-called “activists”, organizers, leading propaganda, distributing literature and rumors, collecting money and information. There are “sheikhs” who become imams in captured mosques and receive funds “from the Center”. And finally, two supreme bodies that determine the policies of the Wahhabi cells scattered throughout the world. This is the main executive, financial and organizational body of the Wahhabis - the organization Hayat al-Daawa, its branch Jamiyat ihya at-turas in Kuwait and the League of the Islamic World in Mecca.
And the second is the Aal al-Sheikh family, descendants of the founder of the Wahhabi movement Muhammad Abdel Wahhab, the second in terms of influence and importance after the royal dynasty family. More precisely, the clan in Saudi Arabia, from which, traditionally, the first persons are appointed in the Ministry of Justice, the Ministry of Religious Affairs, in the service of the royal protocol and, naturally, in the Hayat al-Daawa organization.
Between the Saudi dynasty and the family of Aal al-Sheikh, long-standing contractual relations about mutual loyalty and non-aggression. It is for this reason that all attempts by Riyadh to resist the terror perpetrated by the Wahhabis throughout the Islamic world look completely unconvincing.
Well, since the strategic partnership of Riyadh and Washington is no secret to anyone, the answer to the question of the extent to which the US is “entangled” in Islamist terror and how much the CIA can manipulate “terrorist activity” is quite obvious.
However, both in Washington and in Riyadh they are beginning to understand that the genie of Wahhabism is not just released from the bottle - it is increasingly spinning out of control. This control is now trying to restore the joint efforts of Saudi and US intelligence services, firing off especially uncontrollable in Afghanistan, Pakistan, Syria and Yemen.
But it is important to understand that these "security measures" relate exclusively to the United States, the Saudis and their allies. With respect to the rest of the world, and Russia in the first place, the expansion of Wahhabism is still viewed in Washington and Riyadh as a reliable and effective tool of undeclared war.