Military Review

Warrior Education in Russia

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In Russia, the upbringing of children was surrounded by a large number of beliefs, rituals and traditions. But, as now, parents did everything possible to protect their children, give them a good upbringing and teach them literacy. Different and views on discipline. To modern man, they may seem strange, inappropriate, and even at times wild, but still arouse great interest.

In ancient times, tribes of Eastern Slavs engaged in cattle breeding, farming, crafts and hunting lived on the territory of the Dnieper region. For more than one century, they had to wage numerous wars against nomads (Alans, Huns, Bulgarians, and Avars).

It is quite obvious that the conditions in which these tribes lived had a considerable influence on the development of peculiar forms of upbringing.

It should be noted that in Russia, all male residents from birth were considered men. Of course, there were also specially trained knights who devoted their whole lives to war, but all the males also owned military skills.

In ancient times, maturation began much earlier than in the modern world. Already in 15-16 years, the young man was considered old enough to start an independent life and even get married. If the young man came from among the tillers of the soil, the whole community built a house for him, if he was a boyar, he went to military service, and the prince received the city in which the boyar lived in his administration.

The first stage in the development of a man is an initiation, a kind of transition from infancy to the state of a child. It took place in the 2-3 of the year. At this time, the child was trimmed and put on a horse. It should be noted that these customs were present in all social strata. It was even thought that by the way the boy first mounted a horse, one can judge how good a warrior he will be in the future. This stage was very important from a psychological point of view, because it created a special mood among the boys, laid the fundamental principles. The boys should have understood that they are real advocates of their family, clan, Russia.

Note that the basis of the education of a warrior in Russia was the education of the Spirit. And since in those years there were no special schools, they were replaced by tradition, practice, and apprenticeship.

From early childhood, boys were taught to arms. Already in 12 years every young man had a 2 sword. This meant that over the next nine years they should perfectly master combat techniques and become real warriors and defenders. In addition, until a certain age is reached, until the young man has a beard, the older ones did not perceive him as an adviser at all.

The Slavs were very popular in those games that basically had certain elements of work activity. It should be noted that the East Slavic peoples had the first skills of focused training. In particular, parents taught their children archery, horseback riding, swimming, javelin throwing, wrestling and many other physical exercises. A special place in the upbringing of the younger generation was played by games and hunting. And that was a logical explanation. The fact is that in those days hunting was one of the main branches of the economy. And in the process of hunting, young men acquired such vital qualities as endurance, strength, dexterity, decisiveness and courage, because the struggle was almost equal. Namely, these qualities were necessary for the young (and adult) male population, who formed military detachments. By the way, only the one who managed to get a bear was considered a real warrior.

In addition, the physical education of future soldiers was carried out in the process of games associated with various kinds of religious rites. As a rule, the components of these games were not only songs and dances, but also competitions in jumping, running, wrestling, archery, throwing darts and spears, as well as fist-fight competitions.

These exercises carried a great educational value. They contributed to the development of the younger generation of skills, habits to overcome difficulties, fostered a sense of collectivism, courage and independence.

According to the testimonies of contemporaries, the Slavs were brave people who possessed great physical strength, and they owned weapons no worse, if not better than the Romans.

When, at the turn of the eighth and ninth centuries, the first state, Kievan Rus, emerged on the territory of the Eastern Slavs, interest in physical training only increased, because at that time wars were commonplace, and the army was recruited from the people's militia.

If we talk about the preparation of princes and nobles, it should be noted that to some extent it had an organized character. Neither the prince nor his squad could not imagine their life without military campaigns. That is why, if the common people among the most common types of physical training were wrestling, fist fights, various kinds of entertainment and games of "physical culture" orientation, then the nobles held a special place archery, horseback riding and hunting. Even feasts of feudal lords were accompanied by a kind of knightly tournaments - long fun and jumps, shooting at targets from bows. Thus, after analyzing the chronicles and epics, it can be concluded that the fun of the Russian knights-warriors were like training and were constituent elements of the military-physical training.

Among the popular forms of physical exercise, it is necessary to note the fistfights, which have become widespread. There were several types of fist fights: single (one on one) and group (wall to wall). Already in those times there were certain unwritten rules of fist fights, which were reflected in proverbs and sayings (for example, “do not beat the dead”). And the lakes or rivers covered with ice very often became an arena for fistfights.

At the same time, the physical education of the feudal lords consisted of a variety of games and entertainment, which contributed to hardening and physical development. The most widespread are ball games, skiing and sledding. Also widely used skis, which are often used in military affairs. In those days, even there were special ski units that were called "ski army".

A great role in the education of real warriors played and practice. In those days, Russia often fought with neighboring states, civil wars were not uncommon. Therefore, those who survived after them received a truly unique lesson that they could not get in any school.

However, the development and spread of popular forms of exercise was hindered by religion, which viewed folk entertainment and physical exercise as a manifestation of paganism. They were supported by the church and the authorities, who imposed special bans on games and amusements, threatening with corporal punishment for violating these bans. However, neither the government nor the church measures that were directed against popular physical games and exercises could not affect the people's desire for health and physical improvement.

Thus, a boy in ancient Russia was brought up by a warrior and a protector with the help of mental attitudes, traditions, folk games and constant practice.

Materials used:
http://30school.ru/referaty/fizicheskaya-kultura/fizicheskoe-vospitanie-na-rusi.html
http://www.zrd.spb.ru/news/2011-02/news-0645.htm
http://3rm.info/index.php?newsid=35012
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  1. Kuvabatake
    Kuvabatake 31 March 2014 09: 15
    +10
    "Thus, in ancient Russia, a boy was brought up as a warrior and protector with the help of mental attitudes, traditions, folk games and constant practice."
    And we even canceled the NVP.
    1. sub307
      sub307 31 March 2014 12: 52
      +4
      But the rules of the TRP were restored.
    2. The comment was deleted.
    3. polite people
      polite people 31 March 2014 22: 45
      0
      Soon they will finally be introduced.
      1. MLC 56
        MLC 56 31 March 2014 22: 47
        +1
        Hurry !!!!!!!!
  2. Storm357
    Storm357 31 March 2014 09: 24
    +11
    I read and I think where the author got it all from. The nobleman’s skiing sleigh riding 2 swords. Something like that. But what about the squad who trained all his life. The prince was not a nobleman and the first among the Nevsky Alexander’s peers was knocked out of Novgorod 2 or 3 times. 2 swords, well, maybe someone only had a good sword, they poured gold by weight, and with an hatchet with a spear in the winter, they went for zipuns on frozen rivers. He wrote that they all had good weapons and when they plowed, they sowed in the morning when he took 2 swords and before dawn his wrists only the warriors were taught how to work out there. Later, the boyar’s children and the professional squad and the militia are the militia. But the strength of the spirit and the dead don’t have any shame. Svyatoslav. And who is with us with the sword. Alexander is not Macedonian. we are Russians with us god. alexander. idou you. Svyatoslav. so that to educate the spirit he must be and he was and always will be.
    1. ansons
      ansons 31 March 2014 13: 58
      +9
      Yes, everything that is written in this article is far-fetched. For unfortunately, in those days the church cleaned up all the archives. She destroyed something, and rewrote something for herself. We know almost nothing about paganism and that culture of ours, although a lot has passed into proclamation in a slightly altered form, for example, many of our Orthodox saints are endowed with the same qualities as Slavic deities (a couple of years ago I read an article about this where images were collected bit by bit Slavic gods and conducted passwords with Orthodox saints). Also in the article, the statement about the first eastern state of the Slavs of Kievan Rus is very interesting, sorry, but where did the Novgorod principality and subsequently Novgorod Rus go. It seems to me that this work is written on the basis of "advanced" Ukrainian history textbooks.
      1. does it
        does it 31 March 2014 16: 32
        +7
        Quote: ansons
        We know almost nothing about paganism and our culture, though a lot has passed into proclamation in a slightly altered form,

        So I think in our yard Slavic 7523 year from the creation of the world. for a thousand years, poorly and poorly we know our history, but where have we got to about! 6500 years of history? We study the ancient history of Greece, Rome, and our own from baptism. Even in China, the story has survived and we have destroyed it. request
        1. ansons
          ansons 31 March 2014 17: 11
          +5
          And you tell our historians this and get a logical answer; and then there was nothing; the wild and unreasonable tribes of the Slavs lived in holes, thickets, and in swamps. And then came Rurik (who is naturally a Swede) and brought culture. And immediately as soon as he came that same year one of the most powerful states in Europe was born, with a bunch of cities and villages. Which in a short period of its existence, puts interest on neighboring countries, abolishes the Khazar Kaganate and bends to Byzantium a couple of times. Yes Yes.
          1. AleBors
            AleBors April 4 2014 19: 54
            +1
            But nothing, that Rurik was not a Swede? Which, in fact, is not surprising. because about Sweden there was not even an assumption at that time .. Rurik was a Slav-Rus. The northern lands of Europe were then inhabited by Slavic Rus, and the arrival of Rurik marked the arrival of the northern Slavs on the lands of the Slavs of Krivichy, Vyatichi, Drevlyans, etc. ... And the tribes united around the prince. And all began to be called Rus, and the land was called Rus .. But there was one culture, one tribe and one Slavic root, as well as a language.
            1. Turkir
              Turkir April 4 2014 21: 29
              0
              Rurik was from the Slavs, Western, from the kind of cheer. Located in the territory of today's Germany, the Mecklenburg region.
              And, there was really no Sweden then.
          2. The comment was deleted.
      2. Ross
        Ross 31 March 2014 18: 04
        +9
        ansons
        ... unfortunately, in those days the church cleaned up all the archives. She destroyed something, and rewrote something for herself. We know almost nothing about paganism and that culture of ours, although a lot has passed into proclamation in a slightly altered form, for example, many of our Orthodox saints are endowed with the same qualities as Slavic deities (a couple of years ago I read an article about this where images were collected bit by bit Slavic gods and conducted passwords with Orthodox saints). Also in the article, the statement about the first eastern state of the Slavs of Kievan Rus is very interesting, sorry, but where did the Novgorod principality and subsequently Novgorod Rus go. It seems to me that this work is written on the basis of "advanced" Ukrainian history textbooks.

        does it
        So I think in our yard Slavic 7523 year from the creation of the world. for a thousand years, poorly and poorly we know our history, but where have we got to about! 6500 years of history? We study the ancient history of Greece, Rome, and our own from baptism. Even in China, the story has survived and we have destroyed it.

        At one time, doing Taoist and martial arts in China, drew attention to the integrity of the system. What particularly surprised that Wushu, Qigong, and even Feng Shui are parts of one whole. A true Feng Shui from the masters always starts with the graves of the ANCESTORS!
        All this suggests that all true ancient systems always rely on the cult of the Ancestors, the Genus. What happened to us? Having introduced Christianity in Russia, they cut off and destroyed all the previous and history and our roots! The trouble of religion for us is intolerance to dissent and the breakdown of a single Ancestral Genus. We became like Thomas, rootless. In all official and often amateur articles, they talk about the millennium of Russia. Here the World backstage us and for the first time divided. I think we need to accept both the ancient Vedic Russia and modern Christianity inextricably. This is all our one inextricable Rod, the Russian Rod.
        Look at the example of Ukraine. All under the carbon paper! First, Daniil Galitsky was seduced by the crown, in return for the adoption of the Catholic faith (cut off the previous history and roots), then gradually they are forced out of consciousness that they are Russians (Tse Evropa) ... And this people is losing its roots, it’s not feeding it anymore, it is becoming a stranger .
        Those who built the "Ukraine project" did not lay the symbols by accident. Compare Rurik's Falcon (Coat of arms of Staraya Ladoga) and you will understand what the "architects" of the Ukraine project are aiming at and why in their textbooks they only call themselves Slavs, and we are Ugrians ...
        http://topwar.ru/uploads/images/2014/631/eyoq460.jpg
        1. ansons
          ansons 31 March 2014 23: 43
          +1
          I completely agree with you, a people without knowledge of their roots is something. But this is the paradox, those who have to study history and deepen it, on the contrary, put sticks in wheels in every way. And it turns out that the only scientist who is trying to get to the bottom of the truth is Lord Zadornov, forgive me. And historians with specialized education work as archivists and make sure that not one dogma is not revised; 1000 years of the history of Russia and the point.
          1. AleBors
            AleBors April 4 2014 19: 57
            +1
            Well, do not distort .. 1000 years of Orthodoxy in Russia .. But our history is lost in the depths of centuries .. There are no sources to collect, there are few of them and they are scattered ..
          2. The comment was deleted.
          3. The comment was deleted.
          4. Turkir
            Turkir April 4 2014 22: 41
            0
            This point of view was introduced by a believer, academician, from history Likhachev, who fantasized a lot in history. Here are his words from memory "Russia began with the adoption of Christianity, and why should we know what happened before that."
            An unacceptable thought for a Russian person, and even more so for a "professional" historian. By the way, Lesnoy found a mistake in his work at 8 years old, Likhachev, referring to the chronicle, took the Alexandrian report (adopted in Bulgaria) 5500 years instead of the Byzantine 5508 years.
            Excerpt from an article by Lesnoy.
            The first Russian attack we knew about Constantinople was in 626.
            Known from Georgian parchment manuscript of 1042 on the siege of Constantinople by Russians in 626 (published in 1901). Excerpt: "The siege and storming of the great and holy city of Constantinople by the Squiths, who are Russians."
            So it is written by "squiths", naturally in Georgian.
            I wonder?
        2. Turkir
          Turkir April 4 2014 22: 15
          0
          why they in their textbooks only call themselves Slavs, and us acne ...

          their theory is easily broken down at the genetic level - by haplogroups
          Close names in Polish are Ririk, among the Czechs Roerich, Rerek = falcon at the Wends.
  3. abrakadabre
    abrakadabre 31 March 2014 09: 27
    +16
    The article, in general, is about nothing. A set of common cliches, pleasing to the eye of the reader reasoning and frank delirium about "ski rati" and other nonsense. But this passage by the author deserves special mention:
    Boys from early childhood were taught weapons. Already at age 12, each young man had 2 swords. This meant that over the next nine years, they should perfectly master the fighting techniques and become real warriors and defenders.

    Does the author have any idea what he is talking about? The sword in the era described by the author was extremely expensive, and therefore rare. Not every warrior had such a weapon. The main and most massive weapon in the pre-powder era was the spear in all its varieties. The second most common weapon was an ax and a mace, also in all their varieties. All had knives and were used by everyone, but were not considered weapons. Especially for the battle. All this was more than enough, since the vast majority of soldiers did not have defensive weapons at all, few were partially hired, and very few had full armor.
    Even in the 13th century, a European knight of the middle arm, dressed in flexible chain mail from head to toe (chain hauberk with a hood and chain mail shosy) and a helmet, was considered a natural tank, although a club hit on such a defense broke the bones without breaking the chain mail. And already during the era of the migration of peoples ...
    The article is a clear minus. For empty graphomania.
    1. RUSS
      RUSS 31 March 2014 16: 05
      +3
      Quote: abrakadabre
      Does the author have any idea what he is talking about? The sword in the era described by the author was extremely expensive, and therefore rare.


      I absolutely agree, and the author of a fantasy book needs to write, not pseudo-historical articles.
    2. Ulairy
      Ulairy 31 March 2014 21: 00
      +1
      Quote: abrakadabre
      Does the author have any idea what he is talking about? The sword in the era described by the author was extremely expensive, and therefore rare.

      That's all yes, and on top of that, it took from six months to 5 years to make a real sword (exposure in an aggressive earthy environment was akin to magic). Therefore, swords were made personalized. If some "boys" had two swords, then one was wooden (training), and the other was some kind of rusty handicraft made from blacksmith waste (back - training). It doesn't matter, in short, in Russia people from childhood were taught to plow the land, to respect and love, and not to fight ... The education of fighting skills from childhood is suitable for an aggressive nation of invaders (the Vikings' cows ate herring - you have to go rob, the Mughals did not have land - to rob etc.) The article is verbiage about a certain "great Rusich" who will knock on everyone's brains since childhood. He will knock ... but only if "boys" with "swords" come to his land, which he plows, loves and respects ...
      1. Hort
        Hort April 1 2014 09: 05
        0
        there was no such people - "Vikings". Profession is, in modern terms.
        Yes, and in Russia they each taught their own, but, of course, they did not teach all the military art. Otherwise, the same Pechenegs would not have been taken away
      2. abrakadabre
        abrakadabre April 2 2014 09: 53
        +2
        it took from six months to 5 years to make a real sword (endurance in an aggressive earthy environment was akin to magic)
        These are myths from the same "authors" -storiks as this opus.
        It takes up to several days to forge the blade itself from the finished kriza. That's it! .. Then cleaning, grinding, hardening, finishing sharpening, finishing and assembly. On a mid-level sword - a couple of weeks, no more. A simple sword - enough for two or three days. And only a grand sword for the upper class can take 2-3 months. But the main work there is finishing.
        Given the fact that the gunsmiths were not distracted by forging extraneous civilian products and a high degree of specialization (experience and the availability of any adaptations), these labor costs can be safely divided into two.
        If a blacksmith-gunsmith spent 5 years on a blade, then he could have armed the prince’s personal squad for 400 years, not faster.

        In addition, most of the blades of that time, even in rich wars, were by our standards quite sloppy quality of iron. There are moments in all sorts of legends and sagas when, in battle, the protagonist bent his sword and hit it in a hurry straight in battle, stepping with his foot. And sagas and legends at that time did not compose about the last ragged people, even if during the course of the story it was said about the poverty and wretchedness of the main character's life. Only about the upper class.
        This quality in most of the blades is confirmed by the metallographic examination of the existing museum and excavated samples.
  4. Hleb
    Hleb 31 March 2014 09: 47
    +10
    projecting onto our century
    1. Ulairy
      Ulairy April 1 2014 00: 30
      0
      Would you like your own?
      1. Hleb
        Hleb April 1 2014 06: 17
        -1
        mine just in that said the first words: -You lie, you won’t take it.
        just a gas mask with a flamethrower was still hanging, and on board that pativan, number 666 burned with flame
  5. Recon
    Recon 31 March 2014 10: 21
    +12
    Sons need to be brought up by personal example. What are you - such is the son. He looks at you, you are his idol and ideal.
  6. parusnik
    parusnik 31 March 2014 10: 29
    +2
    I read that the Slavs are just monsters, train, train .. they don’t plow, they don’t hunt, they don’t get their daily bread, they’re handicrafts on the side ... There’s a solid military camp ..
    1. abrakadabre
      abrakadabre 31 March 2014 10: 42
      +3
      I read that the Slavs are just monsters, train, train .. they don’t plow, they don’t hunt, they don’t get their daily bread, they’re handicrafts on the side ... There’s a solid military camp ..
      - You directly described the Bandera sect ...
      wassat
      In reality, among all peoples of the pre-industrial era, labor productivity was approximately comparable. And this means that the percentage of surplus labor, which contained the entire non-productive part of the population (authorities, military, creative professions, religion, merchants and so on) is approximately comparable for all peoples. Hence the size of the maximum possible professional army - about 1 warrior per 100 people. What in Europe, what in the Middle East, what in China, what in the Slavic lands.
      Plus or minus a little. Well, besides the time of general mobilization in especially difficult cases.
  7. nnz226
    nnz226 31 March 2014 12: 28
    +6
    Ukrov has megalomania again! The first state of the Slavs is not Kievan Rus! Before Kiev, the capital of the RUSSIAN STATE was the cities of Ladoga and New City (Novgorod)! And it was the Slovenes (residents of Novgorod), after the death of the last Novgorod prince (Gostomysl, it seems), who invited Rurik "and his comrades" to reign (according to one version, Rurik was Gostomysl's son-in-law, that is, the closest male relative, the prince's sons died before him of death). At that time they had never heard of Kiev and never saw it! Everything else about the upbringing of Russian husbands seems to be true!
    1. Ulairy
      Ulairy April 1 2014 00: 29
      0
      No. Generally, then there were principalities, not states. One was Kiev, the other was Novgorod, and they were like Denmark and, for example, Belgium. And Rurik had no "partners" (brothers Sineus and Trevor). There is a version that this is an incorrect translation from the Old Slavonic of his appearance ("synechus" - tall and noble) and "many gifts" that he brought ("trevordin"). But this is so, "historical hairpins" ... Otherwise, I agree with you - when Ukrainians are engaged in "political science", they quickly become "megalomania" ... And here this ugliness becomes a "skinhead" ... What to do, "national pathos presses from within, mosch splashes on the shoulders," and it seems - shoulder straps "... lol
    2. Turkir
      Turkir April 4 2014 22: 48
      0
      Gostomysl did not have a male heir, and his daughter was married to ..
      Rurik. And the daughter, if memory serves, was called Umila. So that you are right.
  8. Nonik
    Nonik 31 March 2014 13: 45
    +2
    It should be noted that in Russia all male residents were considered men from birth.
    what Maybe "warriors"? And it somehow reads wildly ..
  9. roma-belij
    roma-belij 31 March 2014 13: 46
    +3
    Absolutely right. Kyivets (a small town) was founded by Gostomysl on the way back from Constantinople, where he went on an embassy mission. In general, only one main city before the 9th century was not in Russia. No wonder the Scandinavians called us Gardarika - the country of cities.
  10. Egor.nic
    Egor.nic 31 March 2014 14: 12
    +3
    For patriotism 5+, for composition 2-.
  11. Sochi
    Sochi 31 March 2014 14: 20
    +1
    The upbringing of the younger generation is the foundation of the state, without which it cannot be long. Liberal ideas do not provide for this, they destroy the very concept of the state, they say we are all citizens of the world ... What kind of world? Peace g.mo.s.o.s. The world where money is everything and honor is nothing? Where is the memory of ancestors nonsense? Our ancestors were right, they prepared the youths not sparing their belly ... The only way to save and increase what they conquered and left us as a legacy. And me, already a middle-aged man, for Crimea for Russia, for the unity that was shown by people who at the genetic level remember who they made their pride and happiness ... damn to tears.
  12. Mikhail3
    Mikhail3 31 March 2014 15: 29
    +7
    Eh ... How is Fazil Iskander doing? "I wanted something good, but I didn't have time." The author wanted to describe something, but he wanted so quickly that he did not have time to find out anything about what he was describing. A common thing in these times.
    The general military training of the Slavs was. Like they had breathing, as lungs were available.
    All peoples had military training, because whoever could not defend their land, he lost it. As civilizations developed, they departed from this, entrusted the defense to exclusively specially trained people ... which, with the inevitability of sunset, led to the destruction of civilization and the transition of its lands to those who are ready to protect them with all their hands, that they are plowed.
    Closer to the subject. The headline is about the training of WARRIORS. This is followed by general discussions, in the format of an annotation to the book, about general military training, which is not the same thing. It would be interesting to understand - why did the author vomit this murky passage? How these same "feudal lords" in Russia developed their physical form with the help of ball games ...
    In general, I don’t know on what subject the author muddied all this, one thing saddens me very much. A forehead sits too big, puffs at the monitor and considers his ancestors fooling on the grounds that they did not have computer toys. And he considers himself very smart at the same time - how quickly the level passed!
    Uncle! Russian soldiers conducted military training with the help of ... military training! Which included exhausting military training, hours of work every day. With a variety of weapons and without him. In armor, on horseback, without armor, on foot. Boyars 'squads are slaves, and the boyars themselves spent their lives with the boyars' children in training and battles.
    At the same time, suddenly, no one was playing anything, people just worked. Yes, they showed a dare in front of each other. But to declare on this basis that the ancestors were such donkeys that they did not understand the value of training, but simply played, and therefore were powerful warriors ... You know, I seem to have guessed.
    Not the first year there has been an attack on children's education in our country. The main blow goes precisely to this - the training system. Any workouts. The goal is to replace them with games. Games say - this is the most correct way of education. And all sorts of exhausting activities there are terribly harmful to the child! Well yes. They hurt the development of strength, perseverance, patience and the ability to master complex skills in a child. You play, tired - quit. Work, tired - endure, because this is work. This is patience and they want to take it from us.
    I've read the "Pedagogical Poem" here, and you know what? During the period when, after the revolution, our country was torn to pieces and taken out over the hill with concessions, all this "play pedagogy" ruled the ball in the same way. Some people skillfully filled all the pedagogical structures with these igrunas. And Makarenko held out against them for some time, but despite the brilliant results he lost! Only the Chekists could protect him from the igruns, otherwise he, apparently, would have been imprisoned. And the gamers destroyed children's educational institutions, completely failed work with children and at the same time ... were in full favor and determined the entire policy of education. Doesn't it look like anything?
    1. Ulairy
      Ulairy April 1 2014 00: 42
      0
      Quote: Mikhail3
      After which there is general discussion, in the format of an annotation to the book, about universal military training, which is not the same thing.

      A book of alternative fiction, where in a couple of centuries the Russians will take over the world, discover America, make friends with the Mayans, defeat the English and Portuguese fleets (and China will also be ours, and Japan will drown by itself). And then - "apple trees on Mars". Such books in any "Read-city" - well .. eat. No fiction, no history - the main thing is PAPHOS, His Majesty for the leg ... Thank you, Mikhail3, for your detailed opinion, I read it with pleasure.
    2. sled beach
      sled beach April 1 2014 01: 39
      0
      Igo-ra is oppression by order, self-organization inherent in all living things. Unlike training, which is a periodic (three) repetition of a "known sequence of actions" (temper / temper / skill) and the essence of memorization to automotism when the skill becomes almost part of the character-disposition.
    3. The comment was deleted.
  13. padonok.71
    padonok.71 31 March 2014 18: 24
    +1
    I don’t think that the entire male population was straight warriors with two swords, people in what abundance lived in! Somewhere I read reports of archaeologists about the battle (if memory serves) at Vizby. So there is not a large squad of professionals chopped up the militias who surpassed them ten to twelve times. Easy, without straining, with minimal loss. We think it was as well. The laws of history are one for all.
  14. bya965
    bya965 31 March 2014 19: 15
    0
    An example of a warrior's upbringing is regular swimming in the ice hole. This is a few element of hardening, how much is the element of overcoming, the element of winner. As a pagan rite was banned and left only once a year for baptism.
    1. Yuri Y.
      Yuri Y. 31 March 2014 23: 04
      +1
      Probably so, I do not know about swimming, but the real overcoming was brought up in fist fights. When there was a real confrontation with the enemy, albeit conditional, and due to the rules. The plumes flew into the face quite real, often to the blood under the contract. When they were canceled, I think there was a significant loss to the Russian mentality.
  15. sled beach
    sled beach April 1 2014 02: 12
    0
    I agree! Love with my wife and between husbands fisticuffs. This is communication at the level of the physical body / business. Previously, it held people together and made them friendly, but nonchis is unreasonable harm to health, hello progress, goodbye to tradition.
  16. Turkir
    Turkir April 4 2014 21: 39
    0
    Zadornov? God forgive me.
    I recommend reading Lesnoy. Unfortunately, there is no this book in runet, circulation is 1000 copies, in two volumes. In Runet there is "Where are you from Russia" and "Golden word of Russia". You will find it on torrents.
    Until the end of his life, he fought Normanism and published articles with his own money.
    The last knight of Russia.
    http://topwar.ru/uploads/images/2014/757/xkbt738.jpg
  17. Gunslinger
    Gunslinger April 7 2014 20: 23
    0
    An unsuccessful attempt by some dilettante from history to surprise us with his "deep" knowledge. Facts - zero, but fantasy does not know the measure.
  18. mehmeh
    mehmeh 4 December 2014 17: 47
    0
    It should be noted that in Russia all male residents were considered men from birth.
    It would be strange if they were considered women))) this is what should be in my head to write this ((