Military Review

Crimea forced to recall the military press

67
Crimea forced to recall the military press



The events around the Crimea once again made clear the sharpness of the information confrontation in the regions where any military activity is conducted and the defense interests of different states collide. According to NVO, in the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation there was a real need to urgently increase the outreach work with the personnel of the Russian troops involved in the peninsula and with the local population. It was here that it turned out that, in fact, there is nothing to use. After several years of transformation under the leadership of the “best minister of defense” Anatoly Serdyukov, the military press system, which was traditionally used in such cases, has virtually ceased to exist.

The editorial offices of the brigade newspapers exist at best on paper, they do not have qualified personnel and a mobile printing base. The training of military journalists at the Military University was discontinued a few years ago "as unnecessary." District and naval newspapers are "dispersed" and are also experiencing staff shortages. Moreover, in the military department, it seems, the point of view still dominates that the time of the military press has already passed, and now everything is decided by the Internet and the iPhone, which, during the aggravation of the situation, suddenly ... turn out to be disconnected.

The incorporation of the printing facilities of the Ministry of Defense led to the fact that in a special period, as such, in fact, were the events in the Crimea, the Main Directorate for Work with Personnel (also, by the way, draining a miserable existence in the areas of the Military University) is not able to attract attention pro-Russian population of the Crimea, but also its own units of the Black Sea Fleet. Even today, when Crimea became part of Russia, the Red Star defense ministry, for example, cannot be found either in Simferopol or Kerch, although the demand for it has grown many times. OJSC Krasnaya Zvezda, which owns the printing facilities of the Armed Forces, including the former printing house of the departmental newspaper, seems to be ready to raise the morale of the army and navy, but, of course, for a separate additional fee ...

And what is the situation in the West, in the United States, to take the example of which in the field of military construction, the previous leaders of the Ministry of Defense and the General Staff so actively called up so recently? Americans both formed and purposefully form the corresponding moral and combat qualities of servicemen. At the same time, huge amounts of money are spent not only on new information technologies and electronic media, but also on a printed word that maintains effectiveness in the field (as shown by Iraq and Afghanistan).

On this topic, our conversation with the well-known military expert, Major-General of the reserve Sergei PECHUROV.

AMERICANS BETTER

- Sergey Leonidovich, the global world has entered the era of new conflicts that require a radical revision of the principles of warfare. At the same time, the requirement for the moral and combat qualities of servicemen remains unchanged - in each particular case they must meet the tasks facing the troops. So what is being done in the American army in this regard?

- It should be noted first of all that in the Armed Forces of the United States in the phrase "moral-combat" both its components are equivalent. And equipping the military with the most modern weaponsBy teaching them the correct use of it and the ability to operate effectively under combat conditions, the command of the American army is no less concerned about the moral preparation of its subordinates. All informational and explanatory work is directed there, I deliberately do not use the term “education”, because it is not particularly honored in the US Armed Forces.

It is based on the formation and development of the personality of a serviceman as a citizen - a patriot of his country, a sense of responsibility for the United States, as a great power of the world, and pride in belonging to the American Armed Forces - the “stronghold of democracy around the world.” A significant place in this work is given to the constant training of a soldier’s confidence in his own abilities and the justice of the tasks assigned to him, the need for their unquestioning fulfillment. Special attention is paid to the development of personnel immunity to the psychological effects of the enemy.

Do you think that Islamist organizations did not try to wage an information war against American troops in Iraq and Afghanistan? Even as they tried, but its effectiveness was almost zero. And this is the result of the active advocacy work that is being carried out in the US Armed Forces.

- For this, they naturally have the necessary forces and means?

- Sure. Despite the fact that commanders of all degrees are responsible for the formation of moral and combat qualities of military personnel, each at his own level, respectively, created and developed special information services that permeate the entire structure of the US Armed Forces from top to bottom and are saturated with highly qualified specialists in this field. All of them are widely used for these purposes by the media, subordinate to the Pentagon. Financial and administrative control over the military media is exercised by the Defense Media Activity, a department of the US Department of Defense created in October 2008. For these purposes, the department receives about $ 250 million from the budget annually.

It should be noted that the US Army has the largest radio and television systems in the world in terms of power and reach. The United States Armed Forces Radio and Television Service - AFRTS controls almost 300 ground radio and television stations located in the United States and in the countries of deployment of American troops. Broadcasting is conducted mainly in the HF, HF and VHF bands. The use of the capabilities of three communication satellites allows for round-the-clock transmissions targeted at military audiences in the United States and abroad. Responsibility for informing military personnel and their families lies with the commanders-in-chief of the United States Armed Forces joint commands in the zones.

The largest of the branches is the radio and television information system of American troops in Europe (AFN) with headquarters in Frankfurt am Main and a staff of 200 people who have 24 powerful radio transmitters, 10 telecentres and a significant number of repeaters. Smaller AFRTS branches are located in groups of American troops in Japan, South Korea, the Middle East, the Caribbean, Alaska, and Greenland.

In recent years, the Pentagon has been making extensive use of the Internet for outreach work with personnel. To this end, internal social networks have been created that are protected from unauthorized access, in which you can not only communicate with each other, but also watch specially prepared videos. Or go to the blog of, say, Colonel-General Raymond Odierno, the former commander of the US forces and the coalition in Iraq, in which he reflects on the nature of military service, answers questions that concern soldiers and officers.

- But after all, it is obvious that the American command, when carrying out outreach work, places an increasing emphasis on electronic media, given their growing opportunities and widest distribution?

- To some extent it is. However, the Pentagon is well aware that the specifics of military service even in peacetime does not always allow the use of electronic media, and therefore, in the foreseeable future, the military press also plays an important role in informing military personnel and the civilian population. Moreover, it is a factor of constant and long-term impact on the consciousness of personnel, and this, in turn, increases its effectiveness. For example, during the invasion of the American army into Iraq, the Pentagon additionally sent thousands of copies of its departmental newspaper Stars and Stripes (Stars and Stripes) to the troops of 200 per newspaper per soldier. Currently, about 40 thousand copies of this newspaper are sent daily to Afghanistan. It is provided there for both soldiers and officers for free.

- How big is the military press network in the USA?

- Currently, the US Army has an arsenal of more than 1400 military periodicals. One-off copies of nearly 400 magazines and more 1000 newspapers are 12 million copies. Of the 22 magazines published by the US Department of Defense, the most famous is the publication of the Department of Public Relations of the US Department of Commander's Digest. Profiled magazines are published by ministries of all kinds of Armed forces. In the Army, 13 magazines are published, the leading one being Soldiers magazine. 27 magazines publish Navy. Especially popular among sailors is the magazine All hands. The air force produces 38 magazines. The recognized leader among them is Airman magazine. The circulation of each of the above journals exceeds 100 thousand copies.

At the Pentagon itself, the Airlie Beard (Early Bird) daily newspaper is published for the staff, which is in fact the US press digest, which contains articles on the military, military-political topics, as well as on military-technical, military-economic and military finance issues.


On the fronts of the Great Patriotic War, fresh newspapers waited no less than the supply of ammunition.


The combined headquarters of the US Armed Forces in areas of responsibility, formations and separate units, including the brigade, have the right to publish their own press organs. The right to issue one print edition is given to aircraft carriers and all military bases in the United States and abroad. The “field seal” (the press organs of the formations, formations, units and ships) appears several times a week, providing the servicemen with the necessary information. Its main task is the purposeful satisfaction of the information needs of the personnel, the motivation of its conscientious service, the formation of moral and combat qualities. Naturally, no one in the Pentagon raises the question of profit from the publication of the military media.

It should also be noted that the Pentagon expressed doubts about the advisability of placing materials on military topics in civilian press because of the exorbitant costs of their payment. The costs of such publications in civilian media are quite comparable to the costs of maintaining their own publications.

DEMAND FOR PRINTING WORD

- You called the American newspaper "Stars and Stripes." It somehow resembles the Soviet practice of military publications ...

- Not certainly in that way. Under American law, the distribution of military media is limited to garrisons and military bases. They do not have the right to circulate throughout the United States. In this regard, the newspaper "Stars and Stripes", which is, in fact, the central print organ of the Pentagon, is published only for US military personnel and their families abroad. And in this regard, representatives of the US military have repeatedly told me that they are jealous of our Department of Defense, which for years already has had such a newspaper as the Red Star for 90, and can use it to talk with both the Armed Forces and all Russian by the people.

As for the newspaper "Stars and Stripes", then its circulation is about 100 thousand copies. If necessary, as it was during the war in Iraq, it can be significantly increased. There is also a website, a separate electronic version of each issue and a weekly. In addition to the central office in Washington, there are regional offices in the UK, Germany, Italy, Japan and South Korea. Each office has its own editorial staff. The Stars and Stripes work for 100 reporters and editors around the world.

The central editorial office in Washington primarily tracks news agency events. It also generates a number, its content from various versions of regional publications. Then the finished newspaper is transmitted by satellite to print points in Europe, the Middle East and Japan. The distribution of "Stars and Stripes" depends on the specific country. In Great Britain, Germany, Italy, Japan, Okinawa, Guam and South Korea, a newspaper is obtained by subscription directly to a house. It is also sold in kiosks and on the shelves of stores located in military bases. In war zones, which include all locations of American troops in the Middle East and Afghanistan, the newspaper is distributed absolutely free of charge at military bases.

As the correspondent of “Stars and Stripes” told me once in a conversation with me, the newspaper was given a certain degree of independence. It lies in the fact that, receiving instructions from the Ministry of Defense to cover certain topics necessary for conducting outreach work with personnel, the editorial board does not coordinate its materials with individuals or with the military department as a whole. . Moreover, the Ministry of Defense cannot unreasonably interfere in the editorial process, subject the team to obstruction for critical articles, if the published material is truthful, balanced and accurate. Well, it is as if the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation cooperated under an agreement with NVO, recognizing the complete independence of its editorial policy and not interfering in the intra-editorial activities ...

Financing of the newspaper "Stars and Stripes" comes from various sources. Thus, in the budget of the Ministry of Defense for 2013, the allocation of more than 48 million dollars to the needs of Stars and Stripes is envisaged. Most of this amount is spent to cover the costs associated with printing a newspaper and its delivery, and the rest to pay journalists. Financing the newspaper and some military commands abroad. In addition, some funding is provided by the editorial staff’s own efforts, in particular through the sale of advertising space in the newspaper, on the website, in weekly publications and special supplementary applications. It also includes revenues from the sale of a newspaper in places where it is not distributed free of charge.

All this gives the team the opportunity to make the newspaper interesting for readers, which, in turn, allows the American command to actively use it as an effective tool in outreach work with personnel.

WHAT SUITS FOR US

- In your opinion, how applicable are American approaches to organizing outreach in Russian conditions?

- Life shows that blind copying is always unproductive, it is important to be able to adapt the forms of work that have shown their effectiveness to our realities, the domestic experience of the formation of moral and combat qualities of servicemen. I will not venture to propose any comprehensive solutions, I will express only a few considerations.

First, we need to turn our attention to the informational and explanatory work in order to form and maintain a high level of moral and psychological state of the Russian military. It is impossible to consider, as it was done until recently, that the moral and combat qualities of soldiers are transmitted from mother’s milk and that their development can be stimulated only by increasing the monetary reward. The role of advocacy today is much more important than in the Soviet Union, when one ideology existed and everything was clear to everyone. And how to understand the current situation, when each party pushes its ideology, sometimes having nothing to do with statehood, when some media, without feeling responsible, turn everything upside down, sometimes without even putting the Supreme Commander. Without a proper outlook in such an environment, it is impossible to draw the right conclusion not only to ordinary soldiers, the education of the majority of whom is lame, but also to an officer.

And the dissemination of best practices of the best subdivisions and military units, bringing to the officers practical recommendations on solving various problems arising during service ... The most effective means here can only be the military press.

In this connection, secondly, I would expand what our own and American experience suggests, the network of military media. Recently, we are talking about the integration of information tools of the military department. I think this is a pressing question. Combining in one hands all the resources of influence on the minds of servicemen will allow them to use them more purposefully in conducting outreach work with personnel in the formation of the moral and combat qualities of servicemen. True, much will depend on the principles on which the integration will occur.

Without any doubt, it is important to create a radio and television service of the Ministry of Defense. And I would start to create it at the level of bases, large garrisons, and separate military units. In the center at radio and television studios would prepare special radio programs and videos, for example, how to cope with non-statutory relations or with other army problems, and send them to military units.

In connection with the policy of enlarging military garrisons, one would have thought of strengthening the editorial offices of brigade newspapers, turning them into full-fledged periodicals designed for a specific readership of one or another garrison: the military, their families, and the local public.

It is important, I think, to preserve, and in fact, restore the three-tier system of the printed media of the Armed Forces: the publication of military units - the newspaper of the commands of military districts (fleets) - "Red Star". Each of the “floors” of this newspaper pyramid has its own unique target audience, its own niche in the information sphere.

NEED AND REVIVAL AND NOVATION

- Is it really necessary to build everything anew? Are the once very well-known and popular military publications in Russia forgotten?

- Well, some famous military publications in the past, fortunately, are still preserved. Although mostly barely holding on ... But as an analyst with great experience, I will say that they all still enjoy prestige both in our country and abroad. And not to use such "brands" with the maximum benefit for the business, to put it mildly, is unwise.

I would also note that it would not hurt to actively engage in this outreach work in the Armed Forces with successful independent military publications and network resources that appeared in new Russian times and demonstrate their high competence in the subject area. Such publications should be not only in each unit in several copies, it is important that as many officers sign them as possible, and not in the form of an order, but feeling the need for this, since they will be able to find answers to questions that concern the army. It is also desirable that these publications, with the support of the Ministry of Defense, be distributed in schools and other civilian educational institutions so that they can be easily bought at kiosks throughout the country.

Finally, in my opinion, there is an urgent need for an illustrated youth publication telling the language of the Russian army in the language accessible to modern children. Of course, this magazine should have its own Internet version, taking into account the enthusiasm of young people with the latest information technologies. At the end of the Soviet period, as I recall, the illustrated magazine “Soviet Warrior”, the supplement “Fighting comrade”, the weekly “Son of the Fatherland” were published ... Of course, taking into account the size of the current army and financial possibilities, today three editions will be a bit much, but one illustrated publication at the modern printing level, perhaps as a youth supplement to the "Red Star", is a good time to create, especially since the government pays special attention to civil-patriotic education guide generation, preparing it for the service of the Fatherland.

* * *

This is the opinion of General Pechurov, who knows firsthand how things are going with the formation of the moral and combat qualities of military personnel abroad. Regarding the state of affairs in the Russian military press, our interlocutor is certainly right in that in striving to increase the informational impact on personnel, you cannot act by the method of Herostratus. In pursuit of innovations in the form of Twitter and Facebook (although they are certainly important - but as an addition to the already existing system), we must not forget that the army exists for war, and the military press system must correspond to the functional purpose of the Armed Forces, the harsh realities of the military affairs Such are the thoughts about sore inspired General events in the Crimea.
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  1. Vi_RUS
    Vi_RUS 29 March 2014 15: 54
    +16
    Millaya, I didn’t drink ssssen!
    - Say "in the bowels of the tundra otters in leggings dig cedar kernels into buckets"
    - Drank.
    laughing
    1. The comment was deleted.
      1. Slavapom
        Slavapom 29 March 2014 19: 48
        +15
        I apologize for offtopic, but listen and look ...
        1. boozer
          boozer 29 March 2014 20: 17
          +3
          Here is a high-quality, modern example of military information support.
        2. berserk1967
          berserk1967 29 March 2014 23: 58
          +1
          It is well said: "Russian people of different peoples". For the whole world, we are all Russians, no matter what nationality we are: Tatars, Georgians, Armenians, Ukrainians, Belarusians. Because we all speak Russian.
    2. sams
      sams 29 March 2014 22: 27
      +4
      in 1990, working in the KGB system as a civilian technical specialist, having the 1st form of admission, I had to face for the first time the "vomit" of Benders in the form of Svidomo party "I don't remember which one - it's a circus."
      With my own eyes I saw the treacherous behavior of almost all the officers who took the oath of fucking Ukraine.
      They were afraid of Moscow at first, and then priborzeli. Even their hostages were left in a school near Moscow for education and further distribution.
      I am happy (unfortunately) that I left this very beautiful city, with the wording "official inconsistency".
      We were people, comrades and friends. And they said goodbye ...
      1. sams
        sams 29 March 2014 23: 27
        +1
        to avoid asking unnecessary questions
        beginning (regional) of the National Security and Defense Council Major General Demenkov
        1. bomg.77
          bomg.77 30 March 2014 00: 17
          +1
          Quote: sams
          ) SNBU Major General Demenkov
          It is you? DEMENKOV Anatoly Alekseevich (since December 9 1988), Colonel; KGB in the Volyn region
          1. stalkerwalker
            stalkerwalker 30 March 2014 00: 33
            +2
            Quote: bomg.77
            It is you?

            One-a-a-a-a-a-ko .... wassat
            1. bomg.77
              bomg.77 30 March 2014 00: 43
              +1
              Ilyich hello hi Surname seemed familiar let me think a person I ask him whether, or not))
              1. stalkerwalker
                stalkerwalker 30 March 2014 00: 45
                +3
                Quote: bomg.77
                Ilyich hi. Surname seemed familiar; let’s think I’ll ask a person whether he or not))

                Hi Aleksey!
                And it seemed to me that all the archives at your fingertips ... laughing
                1. bomg.77
                  bomg.77 30 March 2014 00: 53
                  +1
                  No, what are you ...)) This is not mine bully
  2. konvalval
    konvalval 29 March 2014 15: 55
    +12
    Well, here's another "merit" of smerdyukov. When will we find out the truth about the appointment of this "combatant" to the post of Defense Ministry?
    1. Vi_RUS
      Vi_RUS 29 March 2014 15: 59
      +4
      Do you think he was appointed for a reason? What was some kind of plan?
      1. Rus2012
        Rus2012 29 March 2014 16: 13
        +7
        Quote: Vi_RUS
        Do you think he was appointed for a reason? What was some kind of plan?


        of course there was a plan, they prefer not to talk about it - to disperse the general’s caste ... this white indestructible bone with its own rules and concepts about everything around. For all that, they had considerable power in society. Recall Rokhlin, Swan ...
        They themselves could not reform; strangers were not allowed into their caste. Truth and negativity also accumulated from the end of the Second World War - dacha-nags, trophy wealth ... and everything else laughing
        And so they appointed from the side - to disperse to dissolve the hearth of those who have their own opinion.
        After all, otherwise it didn’t work out ...
        Ivanov-jacket failed, stool-mastered ...

        Well now it's time to loosen the nut back and put a lot back ...
      2. The comment was deleted.
      3. Michael
        Michael 29 March 2014 16: 23
        +5
        Serdyukov, apparently, was a "red herring", a disguise. Whenever we learn the truth. V.V. Putin knows what he is doing and is doing like no one else.
  3. Rus2012
    Rus2012 29 March 2014 15: 56
    +16
    n-yeah ...
    Wait military commanders something in the afternoon with fire you will not find ...
    some libert bloggers for a thousand miles from the front lines!

    Konstantin Simonov

    From Moscow to Brest
    There is no place
    Wherever we roam in the dust.
    With a "watering can" and with a notebook,
    And even with a machine gun
    Through the fire and cold we passed.

    Without a sip, comrade
    You won’t make a song
    So come on in a small pile.
    Let's drink for the writers
    Let's drink to the filmmakers
    Let's drink to those who walked under fire!

    There is a reason to drink -
    For the military wire
    For U-2, for emka, for success.
    As they walked on foot
    As a shoulder pushed,
    How we kept pace before everyone else.

    From the winds and vodka
    Hoarse our throats
    But we will tell those who reproach:
    "With our roam,
    Have a chat with ours
    With our war, at least a year! ”

    Where we have been
    They didn’t give tanks -
    The reporter will die - it does not matter.
    On pickup truck
    And with one Nagant
    The first to break into the city.

    Let's drink to victory
    For our newspaper.
    But we won’t live, my dear,
    Will anybody hear
    Will take off and write,
    Someone will remember us with you!


  4. TekhnarMAF
    TekhnarMAF 29 March 2014 16: 00
    +19
    Not everything is so, but the author has 100 rights. I was 24 when an article about me appeared in the Battle Watch, so I am still proud of this article! Although there was no feat - everyday life, but nice! The press is a very sharp "weapon", it must certainly work in the troops.
  5. falcon
    falcon 29 March 2014 16: 05
    +12
    "The newspaper is not only a collective propagandist and collective agitator, but also a collective organizer. VI Lenin." Such, in my opinion, were earlier slogans in all clubs and officers' houses.
    And the truth is, of course. During the time of the talented commander Serdyukov, the military
    the press apparently died as a class. Well, at least, they caught on! No one has ideological war
    canceled.
    1. igor.borov775
      igor.borov775 29 March 2014 20: 35
      0
      Hi, there’s not raking in from there, you’ll get clean garbage that is now, They won’t be able to get anything, Everything will go into the sand, If you are so smart why are you purging the information war right away and besides = not the first time, Or we’ve been completely blinded, For that in order for something to have a clear, unambiguous state ideology, It must be protected by clear and understandable laws. In such cases, vague laws play into the hands of the enemy, the Yankees created such a machine that there are no failures, they abandoned their own thought the Yankis will work for us, Yeah, and we get in full, And where at home, under the sweet talk of freedom, By the way, freedom ends where the freedom of the other is infringed, Such an interpretation should always be, Then there will be no laws smearing with holes, And the Yankis fellows even assembled and blew our specialists, that only they are free, therefore only they can decide where there is freedom and where not, And the main slogan everywhere breaks the gaps of all opponents, They made a unique experiment and it gives cruel the fruits of the local population, Why make noise about freedom at home, When it’s especially useful now to put yourself at the service of local diverse fighters for all sorts of freedoms, But so you don’t immediately understand where the truth is and where the lie is, For this you need a clear and understandable law, If this is not worthless to all endeavors, They will immediately begin to bring down benefactors inside the country, they collected enough under all sorts of signs, And no one picked up for anything, We are in defense for such a short period of time, though now it’s a little stronger and a little learned, that's all,
  6. serega.fedotov
    serega.fedotov 29 March 2014 16: 06
    +6
    In the army, we were obliged to subscribe to newspapers, but no one read them! At the same time, many friends and I subscribed to "brother", "soldier of fortune", "landmark" that is commercial publications. The reason is that departmental publications write outright dregs, and nothing necessary. just to force to buy such "editions" again - there will be no sense
    I can add about wall newspapers: once I decided to joke, I stuck it on the top / clerk often so as not to worry, they write notes in the wall newspaper in small rectangles, and they are regularly re-pasted / from one article to another — CONGRATULATED ELDER ISKHANOV FROM MARCH 8 .... BLA ... BLA. .BLA .... So this was noticed only 3 months before the arrival of the deputy for the education of the brigade!
    Vobshem have borne already at home
    1. Rus2012
      Rus2012 29 March 2014 16: 23
      +3
      Quote: serega.fedotov
      In the army we were obliged to write out newspapers but no one read them!

      ... well, tyk if the political officer doesn’t catch mice, and his nose is downwind of the political department ...

      Happily, the methods have expanded; it is possible to stir up the regimental-divisional electronic media. In the form of an internal page ... Especially when everyone will have smartphones.
      1. serega.fedotov
        serega.fedotov 29 March 2014 16: 55
        +2
        I’m leading to this. In those newspapers that there was nothing to write, you can’t write special information, you never know who they get into! But it’s not interesting that company # was raised there!
        My opinion needs a single magazine for the whole army — moreover, it’s interesting and free, and each department and military branch already supplements it, inside its units, at the level of regiment brigade.
        1. Rus2012
          Rus2012 29 March 2014 17: 24
          +3
          Quote: serega.fedotov
          My opinion needs a single magazine

          could be so...
          By the way, those under uniform can also participate in open military forums ...
          True, there they frolic under the accounts of their wives ...
          laughing bully
          I remember that a couple of years ago, liberoids of all stripes were finishing up on Rusvar, praising the "invisible" fu22, so the Kamchatka women, the wives of the MiG-31 pilots, were laughed at by citing specific cases of wet diapers by the Yankees ...
      2. Ascetic
        Ascetic 29 March 2014 22: 34
        +3
        Quote: Rus2012
        Happily, the methods have expanded; it is possible to stir up the regimental-divisional electronic media. In the form of an internal page ... Especially when everyone will have smartphones.


        Rus! Greetings. Comrade! Now, in this regard, on the one hand, it’s probably simpler, you don’t have to force a fighter to release every week a battle sheet that has fallen on everyone’s teeth and allocate a political officer artists and listen to his whining ... write a note in the newspaper. write yes ... (although this experience is also useful). But on the other hand, it is quite difficult to resist the flows of information half-truths and lies without special education and qualifications, and such a level of specialists is lower alas, the army link ... Each regiment should have at least such a specialist who has undergone special propaganda courses under the program of the corresponding GRU Directorate or the 7th Directorate of Heads of Pur during the war years. In each unit there is a representative of the military counterintelligence agencies, and there must be a military counterpropagandist.

        The word has now become the main weapon ... However, everything is according to the Bible ..
        1. Ascetic
          Ascetic 29 March 2014 22: 42
          +1
          For example ... On the site Anti-fascist dug up a message from a cadet of the Academy named after Nakhimov. The author suggests relaying, therefore I post his post ..
          Let everyone know how the Russian invaders mock former Ukrainian cadets ..
          "In the morning we went into our cafeteria and went nuts! .. White tablecloths, napkins on the tables ... tables heaped up with FOOD (like Swedish ones): casseroles, pies, all sorts of goodies ... Stunned ..." Occupants "said that this is how to feed a soldier is the norm. As in a dream ...
          Previously, they ate gray oatmeal and compote made from worms (consoled that we were eating a natural meal ...) All cadets were resettled in private apartments paid by the state - the Russian Federation - during the repair and reconstruction of the barracks of the Nakhimov Academy ... They say in such conditions, in what we lived, it is impossible to live ...
          The Academy is overflowing with architects, designers, foremen, builders ... Pools, courts have already been planned ... RUSSIA is a MOTHER, not a stepmother! .. And those who performed the anthem of Ukraine for the Ukrainian media today walk happy in Russian uniforms ... and sing other songs ... "

          And where is the Trident and the Swedish-Mazepovsky ensign covered with naval victories and its German naval copy?
    2. shatu
      shatu 30 March 2014 00: 16
      +1
      Quote: serega.fedotov
      In the army we were obliged to write out newspapers but no one read them!

      When I got an urgent payment (1999), about a month later I felt a brutal information hunger - I read a lot from childhood, and then a month without reading. The wolf was ready to howl!
      I took a couple of books with me to the army, one on geography, I hoped to move forward in 2 years in geography - naive, in the first week they stole books from the nightstand)

      So I reread all the newspaper files in the Red Room - in my opinion, "Krasnaya Zvezda" and "Suvorov Onslaught" (I liked the "onslaught" more than the "star"). I was the only one who read them in the barracks on my floor, no one else was interested, then I began to go to the library - according to the librarian, one could count on one hand who was using the library of conscripts. But the absolute majority smoked "weed" ..

      That was such sadness at the turn of the century, now with the widespread dissemination of all kinds of tweeters and social networks, people probably forgot how to read it at all.

      By the way, the army is the only period in my life when I began to write and receive letters. The joy of the letter was immeasurable! :)
  7. pogis
    pogis 29 March 2014 16: 07
    0
    Somehow
    http://warfiles.ru/show-51228-na-granicu-s-ukrainoy-privezli-agitacionnye-zvukov
    eschatelnye-stancii.html
  8. polite people
    polite people 29 March 2014 16: 07
    0
    [media = [media = http: //youtu.be/zZF1DKHAxdk]]
  9. a52333
    a52333 29 March 2014 16: 07
    +5
    And I would also add leaflets for the enemy to the combat leaflet.
    1. avt
      avt 29 March 2014 16: 12
      +4
      Quote: a52333
      And I would also add leaflets for the enemy to the combat leaflet.

      Everything new is well-forgotten old, well, the electronic media has been turned off, and here are the flyers from Sov Inform Bureau.
      1. Penzyac
        Penzyac 29 March 2014 19: 41
        0
        Quote: avt
        Quote: a52333
        And I would also add leaflets for the enemy to the combat leaflet.

        Everything new is well-forgotten old, well, the electronic media has been turned off, and here are the flyers from Sov Inform Bureau.


        Exactly, here they turned off the Russian TV channels in Ukraine, and here you have flyers, right from the flying Boeings and Airbases. hi
  10. starhina01
    starhina01 29 March 2014 16: 08
    +4
    I’m reading a military review instead of newspapers, so this backlog has been eliminated soldier but the lack of campaign literature, posters, etc. for young fighters is felt hi Yes, and the political leaders who followed all this were reduced, still hurried what probably .
  11. From
    From 29 March 2014 16: 08
    +3
    There are half measures ... Let zampovosp (s) in \ h print materials from sites:
    http://topwar.ru/
    http://warfiles.ru/
    http://politobzor.net/
    http://contrpost.com/
    With links to online resources. You look, the employees having access to the Internet will themselves start visiting the above sites.
    1. Rus2012
      Rus2012 29 March 2014 16: 32
      +3
      Quote: Von
      You look, the employees having access to the Internet will themselves start visiting the above sites.

      laughing
      there is a double edged sword ...
      And you will not know which is thicker.
      On the one hand, it would be great to have a / c access to a wide network ...
      BUT!!!
      A terrible thing happened in 08.08.08 - the pilot was shot down and taken prisoner ... after a couple of hours, the grizzly began to call the family with a request to pay a ransom ...
      Contacts eu-no through social networks and photo ...

      Therefore, all this should be taken into account ...
  12. NDR-791
    NDR-791 29 March 2014 16: 12
    +4
    In the deep bowels of the Ministry of Defense, even after the furniture maker, there were still "political officers" - the deputy for work with the personnel! And there are printers and generators too. Is there a lack of education, or a command from the top, or an understanding of what a fighter needs? Not only a letter from home (this is sacred, and I hope it has not yet fallen apart), but also a "battle sheet". Not about how the PARTY AND THE GOVERNMENT, but about what he, a fighter, hears on the "Jewish radio" on his phone and how it threatens him. And also about what competent counter-propaganda says about this (and it may be a simple trench truth). If the same combat sheet is drawn up competently and on the basis of what the fighter sees himself and does not lie to his eyes, then the printer will be enough!
    1. DimychDV
      DimychDV 29 March 2014 17: 38
      +2
      I once recorded the memories of a grandmother, in 1942 she was 12 years old and in Saratov she wore warm clothes at the request of her neighbors in warehouses to help the army. And she listened to broadcasting on empty streets (everyone worked in factories, in bakeries, and where else). Very interesting stories from the headquarters of Rokossovsky!
      As from Bukhara, the chefs reported about the cultivation of a wagon with canned meat for his front on the way. He sent his special officers to the rear. They failed - he drove them into the trenches, and in return sent front-line scouts. They found half of the products, figured out the rest, confiscated them from the thief, took the thieves to the front, tried by a military tribunal and shot them in front of microphones. And comrade Rokossovsky presented the comrade Rokossovsky to the manufacturers of delicious stew and special canned sausages as participants in the hostilities - more than one and a half hundred people, including children and evacuees. The same story was with cookies and chocolate from the Moscow factory "Rot Front": the scouts found the thieves, the products were saved, the thieves were tried on the air - and, in the absence of much damage, they were sentenced to a penal battalion right there, at the front.
      And so - a few episodes. How he received and personally drove front-line soldiers sent from camps to the front. How he turned to the civilian population for meat, for warm clothes and shoes - and how collective farmers came to him and directly at the headquarters they sewed a koshma under the greatcoats of soldiers.
      So the press, radio, the Internet are powerful propaganda tools. And taking into account the declining time and near the level of education of the population - these funds are growing in efficiency. There is less "educational cynicism" in ordinary guys from the plow, and the flair for justice is quite enough.
  13. Dragon-y
    Dragon-y 29 March 2014 16: 34
    +3
    There used to be a magazine "Soviet Warrior". And now what will they do?
  14. delfinN
    delfinN 29 March 2014 16: 36
    +18
    In childhood, I remember, on the building of the Political Enlightenment, a bas-relief: K. Marx, F. Engels and V. Lenin. Inspired by:
    1. DimychDV
      DimychDV 29 March 2014 16: 54
      +1
      Bugaga !!! This is our way!
    2. lelikas
      lelikas 29 March 2014 18: 26
      +2
      And it goes to them - a passing loaf - there is still not enough salt shaker on top.
      1. jjj
        jjj 29 March 2014 20: 35
        +1
        instead of beards - braids
    3. boozer
      boozer 29 March 2014 20: 26
      +1
      the boxer is sooooooo good, damn it like in some German movie wink for adults ...
  15. dmitrij.blyuz
    dmitrij.blyuz 29 March 2014 16: 40
    0
    We’ll choke with these loaves.
  16. Taoist
    Taoist 29 March 2014 16: 47
    +5
    Personally, I myself have designed, built and handed over to the troops of the North Caucasus Military District the complex "Mobile Field Printing House" http://www.print-forum.ru/news/17104.html
    So there is a technical solution, there would be a desire to use it.
    1. sv68
      sv68 29 March 2014 17: 27
      +1
      the right thing for the army did
    2. DimychDV
      DimychDV 29 March 2014 17: 50
      0
      Respect! It’s a good technique, although I specialized in copiers more, but with this sign not only by hearsay. However, almost any student with primary layout experience, a driver, however, needs a talented one - so that he can sometimes help with reprinting techniques. Well, the journalist is an editor with a Soviet-style diploma. Better two or three overclocking. And the division is ready!
  17. -SHADOW-
    -SHADOW- 29 March 2014 16: 47
    0
    Quote: Dragon-y
    There used to be a magazine "Soviet Warrior". And now what will they do?

    maybe HUTSUL FROM NATO?))
  18. Saratoga833
    Saratoga833 29 March 2014 17: 19
    0
    They could not do anything more stupid and harmful to disperse the political leaders in the army! I served in the army for more than a dozen years and I know that although they made fun of them (closed his mouth - he passed the position), but educational (you can call it in other words, the essence of this will not change) work has the same significance as providing weapons, uniforms, living conditions. And sometimes more. If the soldiers and officers know, understand and, most importantly, are convinced of the goals and objectives of the fighting, victory is guaranteed. Without this, an army is a crowd of armed men. A demoralized army will never be a winner! All this I mean is that it is absolutely necessary to revive and repeatedly strengthen the institution of political leaders (or to call it another way, this is not the point) with qualified trained personnel!
  19. DimychDV
    DimychDV 29 March 2014 17: 33
    -1
    As a trained propagandist I will say. "A newspaper is not only a collective propagandist and collective agitator, but also a collective organizer." It is true that Lenin said this, but Lenin's teaching is "omnipotent because it is true."
    In peacetime, you can smear snot on the military press - if every soldier loses a button from his tunic, this is how much damage will be done to the Motherland ... The soldier is brought up to inflict damage. But - to the enemy. "If each of our soldiers kills one enemy soldier, the war will end." Because there are usually more of ours on any front, but they are often commanded by asses, special officers, or political officers. They are cavalrymen. All in battle and die, women still give birth ... So, what is needed? .. That's right, to study military science in a real way. How not to sleep on patrol, how to correct for the wind, how to disguise, how to move and attack stealthily ... In our military department, they gave excellent marks for firepower training for knowing all 15 springs in a Kalashnikov assault rifle (AK-74 of any configuration ). Learned - and laugh? And in a combat situation, thanks to this knowledge, with the usual skill, it is possible to assemble one or two whole machine guns out of five broken ones in the first smithy.
    The best newspapers at the front propagated the experience of snipers, mortar launchers, the organization of advanced patrols, and any useful novelty. You think how our army learned to win? Thanks to the newspapers! Not everyone personally went for the experience of creating a layered defense or shock mechanized brigades with infantry on the armor. Moreover, sensible newspapers also gathered back, so as not to be blown away by the wind to the enemy. And stupid - this is how they were issued in false circulations and scattered along empty trenches, when a part was transferred somewhere to another section of the front.
    From the point of view of the educational process, the Internet in the pocket of three or five soldiers in a platoon is an information mine under the actions of the command. So a smart political officer should not prohibit it. but to make the owners of these devices regular political informers. Then they will urgently break and lose these sophisticated crap. And with one remaining it will be possible to argue already. Moreover, in essence. "You tell me, citizen fighter, here do not engage in propaganda of ideas of a completely unconditional adversary. But find a convincing counterargument on our part in relation to his ideas. Understood,? Or else I will rot or give you to a tribunal. You will rot in the grave. Or rot, how you better nravizzo. The order is an order, and no one canceled the oath. A shovel in the teeth - and dig a full profile trench. And then - messages from yourself and until sunset. And before the lights out so that political information is ready and carried out, I will come to check - and God forbid our flag there will be less than 85 percent. "
  20. apollop
    apollop 29 March 2014 17: 34
    +1
    It is possible to disperse, break or destroy a mechanism established by 10 years. It’s hard to recover. So it was with the aircraft themselves.
  21. DimychDV
    DimychDV 29 March 2014 17: 35
    0
    As a trained propagandist I will say. "A newspaper is not only a collective propagandist and collective agitator, but also a collective organizer." It is true that Lenin said this, but Lenin's teaching is "omnipotent because it is true."
    In peacetime, you can smear snot on the military press - if every soldier loses a button from his tunic, this is how much damage will be done to the Motherland ... The soldier is brought up to inflict damage. But - to the enemy. "If each of our soldiers kills one enemy soldier, the war will end." Because there are usually more of ours on any front, but they are often commanded by asses, special officers, or political officers. They are cavalrymen. All in battle and die, women still give birth ... So, what is needed? .. That's right, to study military science in a real way. How not to sleep on patrol, how to correct for the wind, how to disguise, how to move and attack stealthily ... In our military department, they gave excellent marks for firepower training for knowing all 15 springs in a Kalashnikov assault rifle (AK-74 of any configuration ). Learned - and laugh? And in a combat situation, thanks to this knowledge, with the usual skill, it is possible to assemble one or two whole machine guns out of five broken ones in the first smithy.
    The best newspapers at the front propagated the experience of snipers, mortar launchers, the organization of advanced patrols, and any useful novelty. You think how our army learned to win? Thanks to the newspapers! Not everyone personally went for the experience of creating a layered defense or shock mechanized brigades with infantry on the armor. Moreover, sensible newspapers also gathered back, so as not to be blown away by the wind to the enemy. And stupid - this is how they were issued in false circulations and scattered along empty trenches, when a part was transferred somewhere to another section of the front.
    From the point of view of the educational process, the Internet in the pocket of three or five soldiers in a platoon is an information mine under the actions of the command. So a smart political officer should not prohibit it. but to make the owners of these devices regular political informers. Then they will urgently break and lose these sophisticated crap. And with one remaining it will be possible to argue already. Moreover, in essence. "You tell me, citizen fighter, here do not engage in propaganda of ideas of a completely unconditional adversary. But find a convincing counterargument on our part in relation to his ideas. Understood,? Or else I will rot or give you to a tribunal. You will rot in the grave. Or rot, how you better nravizzo. The order is an order, and no one canceled the oath. A shovel in the teeth - and dig a full profile trench. And then - messages from yourself and until sunset. And before the lights out so that political information is ready and carried out, I will come to check - and God forbid our flag there will be less than 85 percent. "
  22. cat 1970
    cat 1970 29 March 2014 17: 45
    0
    Funny, political characterization:
    tyagnybok (they are deadly in the bik) - a small, cocky two ... Ryna, who is afraid of everything, will die by screeching ...
    Yatsynyuk - a ghoul (even outwardly), will sell even his native MOM, yes, and not only his native ...,
    klitschko (kulichko) - a stupid person, execution, drug addicted blue "hundreds" - his idea, until now, every night (morning), pull out from the Maidan a couple of corpses (from excess drugs), TVA0RYNA !!!
  23. Sonyman
    Sonyman 29 March 2014 18: 01
    +2
    Yes, the army needs its own seal as it was under the USSR.
  24. vlad-ns
    vlad-ns 29 March 2014 18: 01
    +1
    In general, it is necessary to hold a referendum on the Punishment of the former Minister of Defense Serdyukov for life in hard labor, or at logging or in chemistry!
  25. alex47russ
    alex47russ 29 March 2014 18: 13
    0
    The press must be !!! And Serdyukov put on a stake !!! In order not to be habituated !!!
  26. Cristall
    Cristall 29 March 2014 18: 17
    0
    The power of the word is that it takes all the cities
    In a word, you can kill everything. you can heal everyone ...
    In general, the information struggle needs to be developed. Zomboyaschik in our country in every house. Consider Goebbels broadcasting in everyone’s ears. There are almost no alternatives. There are tons of trolls on the sites.
    Full pumping. And do you know what a paradox is? That at work people have a rest from the zomboyaschik! Communicate deny the box seen.
    I'm afraid as soon as they get fired, the box will take over sober minds.
  27. shelva
    shelva 29 March 2014 18: 21
    0
    Let the Internet, iPhone, tweeter, etc., but someone should be engaged in collecting information, publishing articles, someone should be responsible for the accuracy of the published material. So there should be an editorial office that deals with all this. Otherwise, anonymous desa can be loaded - enough for three Internet, this is not suitable for the army, the soldier cannot be disoriented.
  28. Cossacks
    Cossacks 29 March 2014 18: 27
    0
    I did not want to be distracted by this empty topic, but I came across about the political leaders. here is a vile shoot. I come to the unit in August 91 the first phrase is political and we all filed for an exit from the Communist Party. This goat. continuously slogan slogans and the first shed. Such stories are an abyss. Special pid ... sy were issued from the Lviv Higher Political.
  29. Signaller
    Signaller 29 March 2014 18: 49
    0
    I think "war leaflets" are usually done now, but the political and educational component of military service must be restored. Needed, as in the USSR. zamplolit in each company. battalion, brigade .. a simple educator is no longer serious. here it is necessary to explain to the soldiers where the truth is, where the lie. Have solid skills for this process. The priests cannot do this. They suffer for souls in the afterlife, but we have to live on earth.
  30. Sevastopol
    Sevastopol 29 March 2014 19: 02
    0
    The fleet of Ukraine was a bunch of rusty trash, but there was a whole television and radio company - Broadcasting Company Breeze of the Ukrainian Navy, that is, they did not give a damn about the readiness of the army and navy, but they conducted political and educational work in the right direction and were very active.
  31. Valeri
    Valeri 29 March 2014 19: 20
    +2
    Whatever they say, but a good political officer and a good press, in our time meant a lot.
  32. PiP
    PiP 29 March 2014 19: 27
    0
    I don’t remember exactly who had this saying: -Great tribe of political workers, degenerated to educators (something like that). Newspapers are good, of course, but the text is printed, you can interpret it to the extent of your depravity. How the "Bible" can be interpreted in different ways, but the "shepherd" gives one correct interpretation. Therefore, it is not enough to create information bodies, it is still necessary to create "people" who will disseminate the necessary information.
  33. Egevich
    Egevich 29 March 2014 19: 33
    0
    Yes, there are in the army and printing and newspaper offices ... there are no states, equipment and money ... except newspapers, there are also printing houses of districts and fleets, which have the task of quickly ensuring the publication of guidance documents, books and magazines, accounting, letterhead production, printing and stamps ... due to the lack of a centralized provision of books and magazines with all forms of accounting through the clothing service, these small printing houses take on all the support of the districts and fleets, and at the same time of all nearby military units, on 1 risograph and 3 posts ... military printing enterprises by type of industrial complexes and factories did not remain - all are OAO ... and there are more and more tasks ... write to Rogozin or something on this topic. hi
  34. MsRedMaster
    MsRedMaster 29 March 2014 19: 36
    0
    Whatever they say, but a good political officer and a good press, in our time meant a lot.

    I have not read newspapers in the army. But the political officer, that is, the deputy commander for work with personnel (I served in the Russian Federation, and not in the USSR), man, that’s necessary, I made suggestions for one, two. I still respect Comrade Major!
  35. boozer
    boozer 29 March 2014 20: 24
    0
    "Mattress makers" are very sensitive to outreach work. This and any kind of press conference, by the way, and the Russian Defense Ministry held daily press conferences to cover events in South Ossetia and Abkhazia, remember. So to the Americans - these are printed publications, phrasebooks, leaflets, and in Iraq, photographs of the entire military leadership headed by Hussein were handed out in the form of a deck of cards. So everyone should use it!
  36. ya.seliwerstov2013
    ya.seliwerstov2013 29 March 2014 20: 43
    +2
    Quote: Slavapom
    I apologize for offtopic, but listen and look ...

    I kiss the hands of the specialist who made this masterpiece !!
  37. Maxim90
    Maxim90 29 March 2014 21: 06
    0
    tvzvezda.ru
  38. andr327
    andr327 29 March 2014 21: 27
    0
    It is difficult now to organize educational and cultural-leisure work. Parts do not have money, issued war leaflets, wall newspapers, stands, etc. everything is done from officer salaries, outsourcing is everywhere, which does nothing really. The warrior’s upbringing is a long process, over a year it’s to teach how to maintain the complex equipment of a person who can’t even wash the floor, and he only saw the shovel in the picture ... God forbid the conscript scratched his hand, the commander will write down a bunch of paper (bought for his own money), a bunch will be reprimanded and the prosecutor will spend two weeks. It’s okay to be hungry, but it’s painful, in the SA it was still easier, more understandable, and now I look at the men miserably and insultingly.
  39. Ilotan
    Ilotan 29 March 2014 22: 36
    0
    Quote: Rus2012
    of course there was a plan, they prefer not to talk about it - to disperse the general’s caste ... this white indestructible bone with its own rules and concepts about everything around. For all that, they had considerable power in society. Recall Rokhlin, Swan ...
    They themselves could not reform; strangers were not allowed into their caste. Truth and negativity also accumulated from the end of the Second World War - dacha-nags, trophy wealth ... and everything else
    And so they appointed from the side - to disperse to dissolve the hearth of those who have their own opinion.
    After all, otherwise it didn’t work out ...
    Ivanov-jacket failed, stool-mastered ...

    Well, thank God, they opened their eyes! And I, naive, think: why did they destroy the system of military education and military medicine, endanger one of the best mobilization systems in the world? dispersed the cropped units, which made it possible to significantly reduce the time for the formation of full-fledged military units in the event of the outbreak of war and did a lot of different "useful" things, for which it was not enough to shoot. And all this, it turns out, is for the good of the Motherland. To erect a bust in the homeland of the hero-reformer Serdyukov! On the basis of what knowledge and where do you draw such conclusions? You can argue about the taste of pineapples, if you have tried them at least once. And you, judging by your reasoning, are an absolute dilettante in matters of aircraft construction.
  40. DimDimych
    DimDimych 29 March 2014 23: 27
    +1
    How bad is now in the Crimea without Ukraine ...

    Today a comrade who is in the “Russian occupation” in the Crimea, a cadet of the Academy named after Nakhimov. I pass on the relay. Let them know how bad it is now in the Crimea without Ukraine!

    "In the morning we went into our cafeteria and went nuts! .. White tablecloths, napkins on the tables ... tables littered with FOOD
    (like Swedish ones): casseroles, pies, all sorts of goodies ... Stunned ... The "occupiers" said that feeding the soldiers this way is the norm. As in a dream ... Previously, they ate gray oatmeal and compotes from worms (they were comforted that we were eating natural).

    All cadets were settled in private apartments, paid by the state (Russian Federation) for the period of repair and reconstruction of the barracks of the Academy of Nakhimov. They say that it is impossible to live in such conditions in which we lived. The Academy is full of architects, designers, foremen, builders ... Already planned pools, courts ... RUSSIA - MOTHER, not a stepmother! ..

    And those who performed the anthem of Ukraine for the Ukrainian media today go happy in Russian forms,
    and sing other songs. "


    This is how an oath is being mocked at by Ukrainian cadets! Oatmeal was selected and a wormy compote!
    Stuff the casseroles with casseroles and pies! And after all, there is no hope that Bandera will come, restore order ...
    Pichalka Svidomo ukpopatriota. Even the monument to Nakhimov is crying - where is the Trident,
    where is the zhovoblakitny ensign covered with naval victories?
    good
    from here: http://takie.org/news/kak_teper_plokho_v_krymu_bez_ukrainy/2014-03-29-9687
    1. DimDimych
      DimDimych 29 March 2014 23: 51
      +2
      when I look at such a soldier’s canteen, saliva flows like a Pavlov’s dog ...
      my wife doesn’t feed me like that !! laughing
    2. The comment was deleted.
  41. Zord33
    Zord33 30 March 2014 08: 05
    0
    "The power of Russia can only be undermined by the separation of Ukraine from it ... it is necessary not only to tear away, but also to oppose Ukraine to Russia. To do this, you only need to find and raise traitors among the elite and, with their help, change the self-consciousness of one part of the great nation to such an extent that it will to hate everything Russian, to hate your kind, without realizing it. Everything else is a matter of time. "Otto von Bismarck