After the announcement of the referendum of the Republic of Crimea as an independent state, its further integration into Russia and the commencement of the withdrawal of Ukrainian servicemen, a significant number of Ukrainian armed forces remained in the peninsula.
According to the press secretary of the President of the Russian Federation, Dmitry Peskov, the Ukrainian military can freely leave the territory of the Crimea, “but with weapons or not, the Ministry of Defense will decide. ” The determining factor in this regard is likely to be stabilization of the situation on the territory of Ukraine, since it is hardly expedient to return weapons to the country that announced mobilization.
According to the Russian Defense Ministry, at the first stage, the Russian side began an inventory of abandoned military hardware in the Crimea and ensured adequate protection of the entire military infrastructure of the Crimean peninsula in order to exclude possible thefts and looting.
Ukrainian authorities claim that the total value of military property left in Crimea is estimated at 18 billion UAH. (about 1,7 billion dollars).
As stated by the Deputy Minister of Defense of Ukraine Leonid Polyakov, negotiations are ongoing with the Russian side on the further fate of Ukrainian military equipment and military equipment in the Crimea. The Ukrainian side says that if Kiev fails to take out its equipment and property, Ukraine will demand compensation from Russia in international courts.
Quantitative assessment of military equipment of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, remaining in the Crimea
The most numerous component, subordinate to the command of the Ukrainian Navy (military unit A-0225, the city of Sevastopol) in the Crimea, were coastal defense units, which were generally supervised by the Coastal Defense Forces Center (Simferopol).
In particular, in the armament of his subordinate units and subunits (36 depot. Coastal defense brigade (military unit A-2320, Simferopol district, Perevalnoe settlement), 406, detachment of coastal artillery group (military unit A-1743 , Simferopol), 1-th (military unit А-2272, Feodosiya) and 501-th (military unit А-0669, Kerch) the detachment of battalions of marines consisted of the following military equipment and rocket-artillery armament of large calibers:
- 40 basic combat tanks T-64B;
- 74 BMP-2;
- 60 BTR-70;
- 45 BTR-80;
- 20 BMP-1;
- 25 BTR-60;
- 30 MT-LB;
- 9 ATGM 9P149 Sturm-S (one battery);
- 24 units 120-mm mortar 2C12 "Sleigh";
- 12 units 122-mm 2C1 “Carnation” (division);
- 18 units 122-mm MLRS BM-21 "Grad" (division);
- 18 units X-NUMX-mm towed howitzers D-122 (division);
- 18 units 152-mm towed guns 2А36 "Hyacinth-B" (division).
In service 25-th dep. of the missile division of coastal defense (military unit A-2291, the city of Hevastopol) there was an 2 PU of the Rubezh SCRC.
In addition, the armed forces of these formations, as well as bases, warehouses, parts of management and support, consist of various special equipment, communications and air defense systems, maintenance vehicles, a significant number of small arms and ammunition and other property.
The main naval base of the Ukrainian Navy (military unit A-4408, St. Petersburg) and the Southern naval base (military unit A-2506, Novoozernoye (Donuzlav)) were deployed in Crimea. The Center for Maritime Operations of the Ukrainian Navy (military unit A-0825, the city of Kiev) consisted of two brigades of surface ships: 1-I (military unit A-2295, Cevestol) and 5-I (military unit A- 2865, Novoozernoe), four separate divisions of training ships and support vessels, Zaporizhia diesel-electrical submarine submarines.
On most of the warships of the Ukrainian Navy, the Russian flag is currently hoisted by the crews. According to Ukrainian sources, Ukraine retains control of 10 ships. Among them is the frigate "Getman Sagaidachny" of project 1135P, which is the most combat-ready unit of the Ukrainian fleet, which is currently located in Odessa.
To date, the list of combat and auxiliary ships and ships of the Navy, which raised the flag of Russia, includes the Ukrainian ship 51. Among the main ones are: two small anti-submarine ships (corvette) of the 1124M project (Lutsk and Ternopil), a small anti-submarine ship of the 12412 project (corvette) Khmelnitsky, a missile boat of the 12411T Pridnieprovye project, a missile boat of the 206MR Priluki project ", Ship management" Slavutich ", ship management" Donbas ", tug" Korets ", two sea minesweeper project 266М (" Chernigov "and" Cherkasy "), raid minesweeper project 1258E" Genichesk ", a large landing ship 775" Konstantin Olshansky ", Patrol ship project 1124P (corvette)" Vinnitsa , Medium landing craft project 773 "Kirovograd" SSK project 641 U01 «Zaporozhye», fire boat "borsch" and others. .
The full version of the article for subscribers will be published in the World Arms Trade Magazine No. XXUMX.
Characteristics and specialization of defense enterprises in the Crimea
On the territory of Crimea there are 13 enterprises that are part of the Ukroboronprom group of companies:
- SE "Sevastopol aviation company";
- SE "Evpatoria Aviation Repair Plant";
- SE "Theodosia Ship-Mechanical Plant";
- GP "Central Design Bureau" Chernomorets ";
- SE "Design Bureau of Radio";
- SE "Design and Technology Bureau Sudocomposite";
- State Enterprise "Theodosia Optical Plant";
- SE "Special production and technical base" Flame ";
- State Enterprise “Research Institute of Airport Systems”;
- GP "Research Center" Helicopter ";
- SE "Skloplastik";
- JSC “Feodosia shipbuilding company“ More ”;
- PJSC “Plant“ Fiolent ”.
SE "Sevastopol Aviation Enterprise"
99057, Sevastopol, ul.Letchikov, 2.
Field of activity:
Overhaul, re-equipment and modernization of the Ka-25, Ka-27, Mi-8, Mi-14, Mi-17 helicopters of all modifications, their units and equipment, as well as ground-based flight support, communications and navigation. All technological processes approved by developers - KB them. Kamov and KB them. ML Mil, who produce technical support for the overhaul of helicopters.
The company mastered the overhaul of the Mi-2, Ka-29, Ka-32, Mi-24 and Mi-35 helicopters of all modifications.
Overhaul of ground means of flight support, communications and navigation, incl. radio stations P-832, P-839, P-844, P-845, P-848, PAR-8, PAR-9, PAR-10; ARP-6, ARP-6U, ARP-11 direction finders; command posts SKP-9, SKP-11; drive and landing stations PRMG-4, RSP-7, RSP-6 and their modifications; flight service stations APA-5, APA-35, APA-50 (M), UPG-250, EHU-17 / 35, EHU-250, TZ-22, TZ 7.5; oil and air tankers of all models.
The company provided services for the repair and modernization of aircraft for the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine, including for 56-th separate helicopter unit of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, involved in the UN mission in Liberia, and foreign customers. The plant cooperates with the CIS countries, as well as with states and private companies in Europe, the Middle East, India, Southeast Asia and Africa. The successful geographical location on the Black Sea coast, the presence of a specially equipped sea terminal, developed infrastructure, proximity to the railway hub, sea port, airfields, motorways allow transportation for repair and shipment of aircraft after repair to the customer by any type of transport.
Currently, SE Sevastopol Aviation Enterprise is overhauling X-NUMX Mi-6 helicopters for the Croatian Air Force as part of the contract signed in July 8 by GK Ukrspetsexport and the Ministry of Defense of the Republic of Croatia. Two repaired helicopters have already been handed over to the customer, the third car is preparing to fly over. .
The full version of the article on the specialization of all 13 enterprises of the Crimean military-industrial complex for subscribers will be published in the World Arms Trade Magazine No. XXUMX.