Military Review

What will be the helicopter of the future

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What will be the helicopter of the future



Head of the competitive analysis and marketing of promising projects of the holding company “Helicopters of Russia”, Vadim Mikheyev, on Ekho Moskvy radio, spoke about the restructuring and prospects for the helicopter industry.

ABOUT THE CURRENT CONDITION OF HELICOPLE-BUILDING

Now all helicopter building is consolidated into the holding “Helicopters of Russia”. It integrates design offices, serial plants, component supply plants, repair parts, after-sales support, and integrated logistic support. It can be said that the helicopter industry of the entire Soviet Union is now assembled in our holding.

The main thing that we held aviation industry, we are restoring the personnel of specialists in helicopter engineering. We successfully and successfully exist, our indicators are quite high.

ABOUT SUCCESS INDUSTRY

We are a relatively young industry. Aircraft began to develop in pre-revolutionary Russia, and helicopters appeared only after World War II. In the young industry came enthusiastic professionals. And when in other sectors of industry, difficulties began, (in particular, the decline of the authority of engineering labor), this also happened with us, but not so noticeably.

Back in 70-80, we retained the ability to create technology not only at the level of international achievements, but even better. And of course, the founding fathers of the Russian and Soviet helicopter industry were brilliant people. These are Mikhail Leontyevich Mil, Nikolay Ilyich Kamov, Alexey Mikhailovich Cheremukhin, Ivan Pavlovich Bratukhin and many others.

When I was a student at the Moscow Aviation Institute, we were jokingly called “aviation misconception”, “the fifth wheel in the aviation cart”. Probably, it united, we learned to be proud of our specialty. Perhaps that is why in helicopter there was no such decomposition in the 80-s as in many other sectors of the defense industry. We approached the 90's crisis quite strongly, although 80's stagnation has affected us. This is my point of view.



ABOUT REPLENISHMENT OF DESIGN AND ENGINEERING PERSONNEL

Thanks to the creation of the holding, thanks to the greater assistance to higher education, we have significantly improved the level of young professionals. In recent years, these are people who are really interested in their profession, want to engage in aviation. The designer as the artist, the sculptor, is a creative person. He should see the result of his work.

The holding is now introducing a whole program to support aviation institutes in Moscow and Kazan. Their graduates, while still students, know where they will go to work, receive a certain salary, allowance for scholarships. There are allowances for young professionals.

ABOUT REALLY OPERATING CENTERS OF HELICOPTER INDUSTRY

There are three design offices: named after M.L. Mile, Kamov and Kazan Helicopter Plant. Serial plants are Kazan, plants in Ulan-Ude and Rostov, Arsenyevsky plant and the plant Kumertau. The holding has adopted a support program for Kumertau, since the helicopter plant there is a city-forming one. The policy of the holding is also aimed at supporting city-forming enterprises.

ABOUT THE CARGO CAPACITY OF HELICOPTERS

Until now, we are the absolute leaders in helicopters loading capacity. As in the 70 year, the Mi-12 raised 40 tons, so far not a single machine has even come close to such an indicator. I think that for another 20 years, or even 40, no foreign company will build a more heavy-lift helicopter.



ON THE ROLE OF PERSONALITY IN STORIES

If we talk about the world helicopter industry, there were two great people: Igor Ivanovich Sikorsky and, of course, Mikhail Leontievich Mil. Under Mille, in 60, the firm produced a new model every two years. And what! The Mi-8 helicopter is the best helicopter in the world, the Mi-24 is the best transport and combat helicopter, the Mi-14 is the only amphibious helicopter in the world. Whatever the car - the leading helicopter achievement. In 50, Mil developed the concept of a combat helicopter. He developed a clear military helicopter system.

ABOUT GENIUS IDEAS

When you make an aircraft, you can never get everything from it. I want him to be the fastest, and protected, and armed, but something must be sacrificed. The genius of the designer is to understand what you sacrifice and what you achieve. Mikhail Leontievich Mil laid the concept that we should have a full line of helicopters with all types of payload. And plus to them specialized helicopters: combat, anti-submarine, helicopter-cranes. This is all what our Russian helicopter industry was built on in the 70-80-s.

PRO MI-8 / 17

In my opinion, this is the best helicopter, created in history. Of course, we have competitors abroad, there were also created successful machines, but the Mi-8 is a symbol of what can be obtained in the helicopter industry. It was created in 1961 year, it is more than 50 years old, but the car is getting better every year.

We all know the Kalashnikov assault rifle, it is a symbol of our success, it is in service in more than 50 countries. As for the Mi-8, it is in service with 84's countries. They buy constantly, the demand for it does not fall, we are overwhelmed with orders.

It is difficult to find a car safer than the Mi-8, and, as a rule, most accidents are the notorious human factor. This does not remove the responsibility from the designers, who should reduce the possibility of such a factor.



ABOUT POPULAR ABROAD MODELS

Ka-27, which was specially created as a deck-based anti-submarine helicopter, enjoys excellent demand. This is his military purpose, but he also has a civilian specialty - a specialized crane helicopter. He has over 10 foreign certificates. This is our unique car.

Mi-xnumx. Probably the best helicopter, which can be operated both as a combat one and as a vehicle, has not yet been invented.

We are still lagging behind in light helicopters. This is objectively due to the Soviet legacy, because in those years the development and production of light aviation equipment was not very much encouraged. Just to fill these niches, we are engaged in international cooperation.

ABOUT PERSPECTIVE HELICOPTERS NEW MATERIALS

The helicopter of the future - the one whose flight hour cost will be as low as possible. Fewer parts, less risk, less human factor. Reliable, cheap, not only in acquisition, but also in operation, with good flight performance, environmentally friendly, with convenient accommodation for the crew and passengers.

Without new materials the future of aviation technology will not be. In recent years, great strides have been made in this direction. These are composite materials and new types of metallurgical industry products, which are necessary for helicopter building. Only thanks to them we can achieve the most important thing - high wear resistance, that is, when parts of helicopters need to be changed as little as possible.
Originator:
http://rostec.ru/news/4513011
28 comments
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  1. shuhartred
    shuhartred 28 March 2014 08: 20
    +9
    Helicopters have been and will be until they discover the new principle of air retention (antigravity?). Russia is one of the leading countries in the field of helicopter engineering. Nice to hell.
    1. Civil
      Civil 28 March 2014 13: 41
      +4
      Mi 8 is good, but still not visible revolutionary developments
      1. 52
        52 29 March 2014 21: 54
        +1
        That's why I gave the article "bad". As if there is neither Kamov, nor others ... You cannot praise yourself, you cannot wait from others ..
    2. bootlegger
      bootlegger 28 March 2014 23: 05
      0
      Antigravity itself does not guarantee anything. Even if such an engine appears, it will have to have the appropriate cost and favorable economic service parameters.
      If it is, in use, significantly more expensive than a standard helicopter engine, then it will be more of an engine for a spaceship.
      In addition, if the turbojet engine is significantly improved, then it can completely replace the standard propeller group.
      After all, airplanes also followed this path. First, turboprop engines came to aviation, then purely jet engines became profitable.
  2. Dan master
    Dan master 28 March 2014 08: 42
    +23
    Black handsome man
    1. Alexey Prikazchikov
      Alexey Prikazchikov 28 March 2014 12: 16
      +2
      Is this a executive car?
      1. Sma11
        Sma11 28 March 2014 15: 12
        +2
        Judging by the photograph, then Yes.
    2. The comment was deleted.
  3. Serg 122
    Serg 122 28 March 2014 10: 56
    +8
    If we talk about world helicopter engineering, there were two great people ...
    Of course, I am a great specialist in this matter, but in my opinion the name Kamov is no less worthy
    1. kafa
      kafa 28 March 2014 10: 59
      +3
      yes you are right and SU is not the only KB in the world
    2. shuhartred
      shuhartred 28 March 2014 11: 15
      +3
      Quote: Serg 122
      surname Kamov no less worthy

      You're right. And by the way, he is the only one who was able to implement a working coaxial scheme and bring it to a series.
      1. FID
        FID 28 March 2014 13: 30
        +2
        Quote: shuhartred
        You're right. And by the way, he is the only one who was able to implement a working coaxial scheme and bring it to a series.

        Look at the development of German designers of the Second World War and before it ...
        But they forgot about Kamov in vain !!!
        1. shuhartred
          shuhartred 28 March 2014 13: 59
          +4
          Quote: SSI
          Look at the development of German designers of the Second World War and before it

          Where are the production cars? Many who worked, but flew and went into the series only with Kamov. I talked about this. And the Germans developed a lot of prodigies.
  4. kafa
    kafa 28 March 2014 10: 56
    +2
    resting on our laurels is good, but problems with insufficiently powerful engines; their gluttony;
    1. Sma11
      Sma11 28 March 2014 15: 16
      +1
      I apologize - what are you talking about?
      problems with insufficiently powerful engines
  5. Realist1989
    Realist1989 28 March 2014 12: 24
    +3
    Probably in the next 20 years, helicopters will quietly begin to be replaced by convertible planes - this will be the helicopter of the future.
    1. PSih2097
      PSih2097 28 March 2014 16: 32
      +6
      no, I don’t think it’s more likely that work will be done on a helicopter of the type shown in the "sixth day" ...

  6. capex1
    capex1 28 March 2014 13: 45
    +3
    After the collapse of the country, our rulers did nothing but destroy everything. Only the last 12 years, the defense industry has begun to revive, factories, design bureaus, etc. have started working. Yes, we all want our country to turn into a "garden city" at once, but as we know from practice, it is not to break the building, but the path that we have passed today, other countries have passed for centuries (the United States has been building its democracy). Therefore, we are like the country is developing not just by steps, but by leaps and bounds. We just don't want to go out of our way !!!
  7. Dusk
    Dusk 28 March 2014 17: 16
    +1
    Why little is said about coaxial helicopters. After all, they are mass-produced only in the Russian Federation.
    1. Kassandra
      Kassandra 29 March 2014 16: 50
      0
      Because the helicopters of this scheme, this is the most direct logical way to the scheme of the high-speed, very simple and cheap S-97 helicopter, which in the case of civilian conversion gives transport freedom and independence literally from door to door. like Carlson.
      Well, how then does the notorious traffic police, cantralers, "pharaohs", erZhyDe and other big brother (they are from another fairy tale) pitaatsa these people financially and psychophysically? If everyone flies past them overhead? :-)
      All the same, it is attached to light-duty aviation at least to some kind of airdromes (in the USA everything is the same), even with very short runways, which you need to somehow get to or get to. And here?
      By the way, Kamov was oppressed unspeakably ... and the helicopters of his scheme were made according to the total number compared to Milevsky - nothing at all.
      In the United States, the brains of the people were frayed by the Chinooks for a long time, "diverting" from the idea of ​​S-97. Now it is planned to indulge in the S-97 itself and then hush this topic. Make everyone forget with the next gadget. At worst, blow up a couple more skyscrapers and kill intractable designers on the sly. Maybe even in front of their relatives.
      Helicopters should be expensive, gluttonous and slow. This is what bicosis is.
  8. Gagarin
    Gagarin 28 March 2014 17: 26
    +1
    I also drew attention to a film with such a concert, a great idea, I think the problem so far is only in new materials and profitability (the cost of a new product is the return).
    Quote: PSih2097
    rather, work will be carried out on a helicopter of the type shown in the "sixth day".
  9. wizarden
    wizarden 28 March 2014 20: 00
    +4
    Picture in topic: Ka-62

    Here also from MAX:
    http://wizarden.livejournal.com/58154.html
  10. Grey_k
    Grey_k 28 March 2014 22: 50
    0
    Hello, friends! I wanted to ask the pilots a little off topic ... In modern helicopter engineering and aircraft engineering, they are switching to digital technologies everywhere. Question! Are they duplicated (displays, etc.) by analog sensors (well, at least the main ones - heights and speeds)? After all, interference can lead to electronics, or the on-board network will shut down and backup sources will fail. Anything can happen in battle! Reliably and simply analog devices probably no!
    1. not main
      not main 28 March 2014 23: 41
      +1
      Quote: Gray_K
      Grey_k

      Of course duplicated! And more than once! And the most important "dubbing" is the pilot!
      1. Kassandra
        Kassandra 29 March 2014 15: 31
        0
        on Ju-87 it was for this purpose that there was a siren (determine the speed of diving by ear).
  11. CB activist
    CB activist 28 March 2014 23: 24
    +3
    The helicopter of the future should look completely different from how someone's fantasy draws, but how the Land Forces of the Russian Federation need it. And they, dear ones, desperately need 1.cheap, 2.suitable for large-scale production, 3.serviceable in the conditions of the Ground Forces, a light airborne combat helicopter for transporting a detachment of paratroopers, capable of operating in conditions of enemy fire and not becoming large target and mass grave. The Mi-8 cannot be called light, cheap, easy to operate, but a big target - yes! ... Of course, modern modifications of the MI-8 are spared the old idiocy - the only door on the left side. I have one funny episode connected with this - in 2008. when loading on the "board" for the third p / jump on that day, I did not bend enough in the opening (tired during the day), I caught hold of something there and released the parachute, the "board" left without me, and I had to explain to those present that it was for the first time. The "good" comrades reassured me: "once - not yet," my heart became more cheerful, the day was not in vain. The right door and an open ramp will add safety even to such an "elephant" as MI-8 - this is the ability to view the entire lower hemisphere, and the possibility of shelling the entire lower hemisphere, and the ability to "exit" the landing into the "three streams". But, I repeat, we need a light helicopter adapted for operation in the conditions of the Ground Forces for an assault detachment (and not for an incomplete platoon, like MI-8).
    Then let them throw rotten tomatoes at me, but I will say: the range of heights from 50 to 300 meters and speeds up to 250 km / h is now occupied by fire support helicopters, but think about what will happen to them if the "owner of these places" returns there - the plane- stormtrooper? Not the SU-25, it won't go there, because approaching tactical strike aircraft in all characteristics, and not a "circus tent" lovingly written out in the article "anti-guerrilla aviation", tk. he is only against the partisans and is good. What will happen if we return to a full-fledged turboprop attack aircraft 1.protected and more tenacious than a fire support helicopter, 2.fold cheaper, 3.suitable for large-scale production, 4.serviceable in the conditions of the Ground Forces, 5.c times faster. Such a device will be able to perform direct fire support no worse than an attack helicopter, because the above ranges of speeds and altitudes are "his own" for him, he will be able to conduct offensive air combat with any helicopters (and they are only defensive), he will be able to conduct defensive air combat with tactical jet aircraft (the lack of speed will be compensated by a large numerical superiority and interaction in the group).
    Further, let them throw tomatoes at me even more, but I will say: since we are talking, in fact, about the reconstruction of the aviation of the Ground Forces, the flight personnel of this aviation should be staffed with officers of the ground forces, training should be about 2 years (weapons that need to be mastered during five-year plans - no longer a weapon, because the war will have time to begin and end), the requirements for health must be reduced from the current shining peaks to the practical reasonable level of the Ground Forces (any subsonic and non-stratospheric aircraft can be piloted by anyone fit for combat service, i.e. i.e. healthy, a person with the ability). The role of abilities became even more clearly visible to me during the transition from parachutism to paragliding - there are "pale youths" in the group who hardly passed VLEK, but they fly well, they have talent.
    And finally: the aviation units of the Ground Forces should appear at the level of the tank division. Army aviation, together with the forces and means of the air defense division, must be controlled from a single launcher and use the airspace controls available as part of the air defense division.
    1. Kassandra
      Kassandra 29 March 2014 15: 52
      +1
      Nothing will happen - they will beat me, even without MANPADS. Such turboprop or piston Brazilian aircraft are only suitable for counter-guerrilla operations in the Amazon against the Maoists with Chinese Kalashnikovs or even simply with poisoned arrows. Now only S-97 Raider occupies a worthy place in a promising universal helicopter, which is fully consistent with the above requirements for a Russian army aviation helicopter.
      The best strike aircraft in the USSR was the MiG-27; it is generally supersonic, unlike the Su-25. And propeller planes, even though they are not close to transonic speed, still have the same drawback - unlike helicopters, they can poorly use the terrain. The pilot may still be able to covertly go to the ground attack and attack, but then quickly get out of the fire by diving back behind a hill or dune, no longer. In Iraq, the A-10 achieved almost nothing, almost all of the damaged armored vehicles were on the Apaches, who, by the way, suffered very serious losses despite their ability to "hide".
    2. Russkiy53
      Russkiy53 30 March 2014 12: 27
      0
      Well, then you need a "crocodile" :)))! And carries the infantry, and you can't shoot him down with an automatic machine ... and he can arrange it himself ... :)))!
    3. Falcon5555
      Falcon5555 April 1 2014 18: 34
      0
      All is correct. I myself have been thinking about this for a long time. My 5 cents: these planes should be with a very short take-off and landing.
  12. Unheavyshadow
    Unheavyshadow 28 March 2014 23: 30
    +1
    I also want to add the Mi-26, the world's largest serial helicopter.
  13. kirpich
    kirpich 29 March 2014 14: 40
    +1
    Quote: SV Activist
    What will happen if we return to a full-fledged turboprop attack aircraft 1.protected and more tenacious than a fire support helicopter, 2.fold cheaper, 3.suitable for large-scale production, 4.serviceable in the conditions of the Ground Forces, 5.c times faster. Such a device will be able to perform direct fire support no worse than an attack helicopter, because the above ranges of speeds and heights for him "their",


    1. The fire support helicopter is protected and tenacious no worse, but somewhere even better than a ground attack aircraft. 2.About the cheapness is a moot point. 3. Uh ... is this a small batch production of helicopters? 4. Helicopters are suitable not only in the ground forces, but also in all other branches of the armed forces. 5. Already have high-speed helicopters (see GUGL), which is subject to speeds from 0 to 600 km / h
    So, the helicopter has its own tasks, and the attack aircraft have their own.
    1. Russkiy53
      Russkiy53 30 March 2014 12: 29
      0
      A helicopter, in any way, is more expensive than a piston plane ... and poverty in the jungle under n ... s to set, you need a cheap car :))) ...
  14. CB activist
    CB activist 29 March 2014 18: 01
    0
    1. System survivability is the ability of a given system to partially or fully retain its functions in the presence of damage and failure of some components of the system (classical definition, by the way). The aircraft survivability is fundamentally higher, due to the simpler design and the smaller number of vulnerable units. There are no swash plate, main gearbox, transmission to the tail rotor.
    2. Aircraft protection is achieved by the same set of technical solutions as a helicopter: rational booking, rational layout, etc. Therefore, there are no fundamental obstacles to achieving equal protection with a helicopter.
    3. Specially for kassandra, I inform you that the Soviet piston aircraft IL-2 successfully operated under the fire of the troops of the Nazi aggressor, which are not at all like the detachments of the Indians.
    It is better to learn about secrecy from the memoirs of WWII veterans who fought on the IL-2, they would hardly agree with you. I have an interesting observation on this: first, my cat starts running from the window to a dark corner and back, while growling, after a short time there is a characteristic low-frequency rumble, then the "funeral" himself appears - MI-24 (or MI-8), Such is the secrecy.
    4. The speeds of 600 km / h are achieved by helicopters (convertiplanes) due to technical solutions that are exceptional in terms of complexity and cost, it’s premature to talk about the security and survivability of such devices, and these speeds were mastered by planes more than 60 years ago.
    5.In conclusion, I would like to say: in the production of any weapons, a strange picture is now observed - there are samples of complex and expensive equipment that are hardly possible to produce in a large batch, there are piece purchases of 5-10 pieces per year (IL-2 was produced on average 10000 pieces per year). In the event of a major conflict, I will not see all this splendor, the AK-47 will be a mass weapon. Again, personal observation: the administration of one organization resolutely did not want to purchase the necessary piece of equipment at an affordable price, referring to the fact that this is the "last century", but the newest model was not purchased either - too expensive, as a result, nothing was bought for a long time. but to "no" and no trial, the zero option suited both fans of "novelty" and adherents of "cheapness". But what are we going to work (fight) with?
    1. Russkiy53
      Russkiy53 30 March 2014 12: 31
      0
      Survivability of the system: this is a cold exhaust of the engine; good visibility and sectors of fire at the landing; well, armor:))) !!! here it is, the basic principle of survivability:))) !!!
  15. Sma11
    Sma11 30 March 2014 00: 26
    0
    Ansat-2rts, to replace the Mi-24
    1. wizarden
      wizarden April 1 2014 21: 19
      0
      This one remained at the level of the experimental model. For 7 years nothing has been heard about him.
  16. Russkiy53
    Russkiy53 30 March 2014 12: 33
    +1
    So where in the article about the "future" :))) ??? the last paragraph :))) ??? the article should have been called: "a little about helicopters" :)))!
  17. Baloo
    Baloo 11 August 2014 21: 27
    0
    Any military helicopter must have active automatic protection against missiles. Something like an automatic coaxial machine gun with a radar.