Military Review

Su-34 adopted by the Russian Air Force



March 20 was an important event for the domestic Air Force. After many years of development and testing for service, the Su-34 front bomber was adopted. Airplanes of this type have been built serially for several years and are being delivered to the troops, however, the official adoption of the new equipment took place only a few days ago. Over the next few years, the new Su-34 should become the main front-line bomber of the Russian Air Force, gradually replacing the aging Su-24 technology.

Since the beginning of the last decade, the Su-34 has passed various stages of testing. In 2007, the Ministry of Defense accepted new equipment for trial operation. In 2008, the first contract was signed for the supply of 32 aircraft. At the same time, the second stage of state tests continued. Finally, in the autumn of 2011, an act of completion of state tests was signed, in which the Su-34 front bomber was recommended for use. A decree appeared in March 2014.

Before the new aircraft was put into service, the air force of Russia managed to get a significant amount of this technology. So, in 2013, the Novosibirsk aircraft plant them. V.P. Chkalov delivered 14 bombers to the customer and brought the total number of aircraft transferred to 40 units. The plan for the current 2014 year implies the supply of 16 machines. Last year, the first contract for the supply of new bombers was completed. Currently, Su-34 aircraft are being built in accordance with another agreement concluded in the 2010 year. This order involves the delivery of a new model of 92 aircraft. Thus, the result of the two contracts will be the construction of the 124 Su-34 front-line bombers. In the future, it is planned to continue the construction of new equipment and bring its number in the troops to 200 units.

A few years before the official adoption of the bomber Su-34 began its combat career. The first case of the participation of these aircraft in an armed conflict relates to hostilities in August 2008. According to reports, several Su-34 aircraft performed the task of electronic suppression of Georgian air defense systems. Later, information appeared according to which one of the Russian Su-34 destroyed the Georgian radar station, but there was no evidence of this.

In the spring of last year, Air International magazine reported on other instances of the combat use of Su-34 bombers. According to the publication, in the 2012, the new Russian aircraft were used to strike at the locations of militants in Dagestan and Ingushetia. The details of these operations were not disclosed, but the sources of Air International magazine in the Russian Ministry of Defense noted that the use of new technology made it possible to obtain “generally good” results, high enough for an operation to destroy targets in a mountainous area covered with forest.

For several reasons, the Su-34 aircraft turned out to be a real “protracted”. The first works to create a promising strike aircraft based on the Su-27 fighter were launched in the early eighties under the designation T-10Sh. The USSR Council of Ministers decree on the development of a new strike aircraft appeared in June 1986. The development of the idea of ​​a T-10Sh front-line bomber led to a gradual change in a number of important features of its technical appearance. As a result, this led to the proposal to develop an aircraft using new ideas in the field of assembly of units. So there was a project T-10B.

The technical project was prepared in the late eighties, and in 1989-90 years at the MMP im. BY. Sukhoi in Moscow collected the first prototype of the new aircraft. The car with the designation T-10В-1 was built on the basis of a modified glider of the Su-27UB fighter and equipped with an original double-seater armored cabin. 13 April 1990, test pilot A.A. Ivanov first lifted the new aircraft into the air. Over the next few years, continued testing and refinement promising bomber. In February 1992, the first prototype was first shown to the leaders of the CIS countries.

At the end of 1993, the first flight of the pre-production prototype T-10В-2 took place, and a year later the first plane of the experimental batch T-10В-5 took off to the sky. It was assumed that over the next few years, aircraft manufacturers engaged in the project would build an experimental series of 12 aircraft, but the difficult economic situation in the country forced them to adjust these plans. Instead of the planned dozen of airplanes in nine years, only four were able to be built, including one prototype with a complete set of avionics. In 1995, one of the prototypes of the T-10B was shown at the Le Bourget air show under the new name Su-32FN.

In the first half of the two thousandth, the promising front-line bomber again changed its name. At the end of 2006, the first Su-34 pre-production aircraft were handed over to the air force. So began the regular supply of new type of equipment to the troops. As already mentioned, the Air Force currently has 40 Su-34 aircraft.

The T-10В / Su-34 front bomber was created taking into account the developments on previous projects of the T-10 / Su-27 family, which affected its appearance. The glider of the aircraft is made according to the normal aerodynamic scheme with a swept wing, two keels, as well as a full turning front and tail horizontal tail. In comparison with other aircraft of the Su-27 family, the Su-34 bomber has a larger cockpit and a different form of the fuselage, due to the specific placement of the crew and part of the on-board equipment.

A characteristic feature of the bomber Su-34 was a relatively large nose of the fuselage with a cabin. The cabin with two workplaces, located side by side, is protected by titanium armor. Cabin dimensions allow pilots to get up to their full height and warm up if necessary. In addition, in the cabin there are sanitary facilities and equipment for transportation and heating of food. All these measures significantly increase the performance of the crew during long flights.

The sighting and navigation complex of the Su-34 aircraft includes a multifunctional radar with a phased B004 antenna array, an infrared direction finder, a laser rangefinder and a television camera. It is noteworthy that the special form of the on-board radar antenna affected the outlines of the nose of the Su-34 fuselage and, as a result, led to the appearance of the aircraft’s nickname - it is often called “Duckling” among the troops. All necessary information about flight parameters, route, targets, etc. processed on-board digital computers and displayed on color multifunction displays in the cockpit.

Su-34 airplanes are equipped with two AL-31F turbojet engines with afterburner 12500 kgf. The normal take-off mass of the bomber is approximately equal to 38,2 tons, the maximum - 44,3 tons. With such characteristics, the Su-34 is capable of speeding at altitudes up to 1900 km / h. When flying off the ground with arms on an external sling, the maximum speed is limited to 1100 km / h. The combat radius with the use of outboard fuel tanks exceeds 1100 kilometers, without PTB - about 600 km.

Su-34 adopted by the Russian Air Force

The normal combat load of the Su-34 bomber is 4000 kg, the maximum allowable weight of weapons is 8 tons. The aircraft has a built-in automatic gun GSH-301 with an ammunition load of 150 shells, as well as 8 suspension units under the wing and 4 under the fuselage. Depending on the combat mission, the bomber can use various types of ammunition. It is allowed to use unguided rockets of various calibers, suspended both in blocks, and one at a time or unguided bombs of caliber up to 500 kg. In addition, the Su-34 is capable of carrying and using the KAB-500 or KAB-1500 adjustable bombs, as well as various types of air-to-surface guided missiles. For self-defense, the aircraft is able to use air-to-air guided missiles R-27, R-73 or R-77. To perform tasks in the interests of the naval fleet Su-34 can carry beacon containers. If necessary, the aircraft can be equipped with three outboard fuel tanks of 3000 liters each.

By the end of this decade, the Air Force should receive all the ordered Su-34 aircraft, which will significantly update the fleet of front-line attack aviation. Over time, the new bombers will replace existing Su-24 aircraft, the resource of which is coming to an end. Thus, in 8-10 years, the Su-34 will become the main attack aircraft in the Russian Air Force.

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  1. the47th
    the47th 27 March 2014 08: 38
    They, it seems, have been actively purchasing the Defense Ministry of the Russian Federation for a couple of years, and here, suddenly, they were put into service.
    1. fzr1000
      fzr1000 27 March 2014 08: 44
      Yes it is. All customer questions to the manufacturer have been resolved and now the product has been adopted.
    2. Rambiaka
      Rambiaka 27 March 2014 09: 13
      Yak-28, 737 aircraft were built and delivered to the troops, it was never officially adopted for service. Fact. yes
    3. Hort
      Hort 27 March 2014 11: 19
      I was also surprised - for three years it’s already being delivered to the troops (the first batch went to Voronezh, like in the year 11), and officially they just accepted
    4. La-5
      La-5 27 March 2014 13: 55
      Normal practice, for example, the Su-27 went into series with 83g, and only 90g was adopted.
  2. inkass_98
    inkass_98 27 March 2014 09: 32
    The first time I saw a photo of this handsome man was in the book "Bombers of the World" in 1993. Less than 25 years later, the car was put into service. It just takes evil when such samples are not put into production on time.
    1. Samurai3X
      Samurai3X 27 March 2014 10: 30
      Then there was no money ... Actually ...
      We then confused the debit with credit more, plumped into firewood and died out quietly.
    2. W1950
      W1950 27 March 2014 10: 57
      For this I must say thanks to the bruise of EBN with its Gaidar team. in general, they nearly destroyed the country, but were in favor with the Americans.
      1. smirnov
        smirnov 27 March 2014 14: 59
  3. Kapitan Oleg
    Kapitan Oleg 27 March 2014 10: 02
    Happy sky to you, "DUCK"!
  4. egor 1712
    egor 1712 27 March 2014 10: 50
    Nice, beautiful combat aircraft! I envy the good guys who serve him.
  5. Bongo
    Bongo 27 March 2014 11: 07
    Great news, only for good, it should have happened so 15 years ago.
  6. Al_lexx
    Al_lexx 27 March 2014 11: 42
    Great news!
    I didn’t understand one nuance, why are such conveniences needed, like a micro kitchen and toilet, and what 10 hours of flight can we talk about, with a radius of 1000km with PTB? This is at what speed he must fly then, so that he could hold out so much at one gas station. As far as I know, there are practically no barrage opportunities.
    It is clear that refueling is possible, but how many times do you need to drive a cow so that this plane can stay in the air for at least 5 hours?

    And so, the very long-awaited news. So long-awaited that it is just right to begin modernization.
    1. lelikas
      lelikas 27 March 2014 13: 46
      Quote: Al_lexx
      I didn’t understand one nuance, why such conveniences are needed, like a micro kitchen and a toilet, and what 10 hours of flight can be talked about,

      He has a refueling bar, they recently flew to 5km - here they can eat and everything else can happen.
      1. Voronbit
        Voronbit 27 March 2014 23: 42
        and the Su-39 was shut down altogether? .... or will the expensive T-50s be done for all cases now? ... after all, with the development of the f-35 analogue, together with India, as I understand it, it’s not easy either ... and f- 35 with all versions, a problematic thing (and the countries of the participants, a lot
        1. Fiero
          Fiero 28 March 2014 10: 07
          Why didn’t you guess the T-50?
      2. Voronbit
        Voronbit 27 March 2014 23: 48
        or is the Su-25t enough?
        1. Fiero
          Fiero 28 March 2014 10: 08
          Su-39 is an export version of the upgraded attack aircraft Su-25TM
      3. Al_lexx
        Al_lexx 28 March 2014 02: 57
        Quote: lelikas
        Quote: Al_lexx
        I didn’t understand one nuance, why such conveniences are needed, like a micro kitchen and a toilet, and what 10 hours of flight can be talked about,

        He has a refueling bar, they recently flew to 5km - here they can eat and everything else can happen.

        Alexey hi
        I suspected a barbell. But still (IMHO) this is precisely the front-line scorer.

        Glory to Bo that they completed it. There are few others like that.
        But (a discussion of it, in the context of what is at ..) this is a completely different topic, about your favorite TTX. smile
        I really like this plane. Beautiful, which means it flies. wink
    2. Su24
      Su24 27 March 2014 21: 28
      At a flight range with a load of 2500 km + 2 refueling = about 8 hours. No load, respectively, even more. This may be necessary, for example, in the case of a regiment transfer to the Far East or vice versa.
  7. Nikita_Pilot
    Nikita_Pilot 27 March 2014 12: 26
    May God grant me health to pass the VLK and maybe I will fly on such.

    (P.S. I enter the Air Force)
    1. 0255
      0255 27 March 2014 12: 53
      Quote: Nikita_Pilot
      May God grant me health to pass the VLK and maybe I will fly on such.

      (P.S. I enter the Air Force)

      Good luck with your enrollment! drinks
      I envy the pilots with white envy hi
      1. 52
        52 30 March 2014 16: 43
        Good luck, man! What if more interesting cars appear?
  8. potap48a
    potap48a 27 March 2014 12: 36
    Everything is going according to plan .... Hold on!
  9. Diviz
    Diviz 27 March 2014 13: 45
    This is a flying jet tank .. as inconceivable as possible
  10. HMR333
    HMR333 27 March 2014 13: 53
    perhaps they didn’t take it due to the fact that they partially supplied it for testing and searching for shortcomings and preferences, and for preservation they could throw part in the backyard replacing the old canned food! Yes, and the adoption of this formality is the main thing that they did!
  11. lelikas
    lelikas 27 March 2014 14: 47
    Quote: HMR333

    By the way, yes, let the spies rack their brains, because what’s taken.
  12. supertiger21
    supertiger21 27 March 2014 15: 29
    Yes, "Duckling" is a powerful bird good !
  13. Leshka
    Leshka 27 March 2014 16: 26
    I like our logic for several years, but only now laughing
  14. mitya24
    mitya24 27 March 2014 16: 55
    ooooooo how good
  15. ya.seliwerstov2013
    ya.seliwerstov2013 27 March 2014 17: 09
    Quote: lelikas
    Quote: HMR333

    By the way, yes, let the spies rack their brains, because what’s taken.

    They broke their heads anyway, from where it all began in Russia in 2014. But the equipment is good and most importantly all childhood diseases have already passed.
  16. Brother
    Brother 27 March 2014 18: 38
    Maybe the story repeats itself with PAK FA?! In Komsomolsk-on-Amur, these beauties are already flying with might and main.
    1. The point
      The point 1 May 2014 07: 04
      And here I am from Komsomolsk. I myself work at the plant, but I can't say "fly with might and main".
      Brother, do not misinform, please!
  17. Brother
    Brother 27 March 2014 18: 45
    And here is another photo (2010 year), meanly stolen (but lovingly preserved) by me from our beloved Military Review. soldier
  18. Avenich
    Avenich 27 March 2014 19: 51
    I'm sorry, an infantryman by military profession, but I really love and respect aviation and aviators. Therefore, successful service to all those pilots who will fly these beauties. As well as skill and wisdom to all those who will serve this equipment.
  19. wanderer
    wanderer 27 March 2014 22: 14
    I really liked the airplane!
    God grant that you don’t chat as usual,.
    Killed by the fact that in the cockpit you can stand upright. I didn’t even think about it.
  20. tchoni
    tchoni 27 March 2014 22: 16
    when he saw this miracle on TV in 95 childhood naivete, he defended that the sky of the motherland was locked. but guys, why so shame? their same 15 years to write off pridezzo .. or again to fly on junk ....
  21. Sledgehammer
    Sledgehammer 27 March 2014 23: 41
    I hope you are not "nasty" wink
  22. Dezinto
    Dezinto 28 March 2014 00: 48
    Dear who will understand what kind of thing between his engines?
    1. Victor-M
      Victor-M 28 March 2014 01: 46
      This is essentially the middle finger for our Western "partners" laughing But seriously, the radar.
    2. tchoni
      tchoni 28 March 2014 16: 36
      This contraption intended for radar ozora rear hemisphere intended. And so, depending on the modification, they shove it without hitting it - then an interference station, or even a parachute.
  23. Lyton
    Lyton 28 March 2014 03: 58
    Well, just handsome, in this we are ahead of the rest, it's too late, thanks to the reformers and drunks, but better than never.
  24. Bongo
    Bongo 28 March 2014 05: 46
    Quote: Brother
    In Komsomolsk-on-Amur, these beauties are already flying with might and main

    Do not write nonsense, you might think you are from Komsomolsk.
    This is the flight of a pair of T-50s on the Max.
    1. Brother
      Brother 28 March 2014 19: 21
      Dear Sergey, Komsomolsk-on-Amur Yu.A. Gagarin Aviation Plant (KnAAZ OJSC) produces airplanes, including the T-50! T-50 test in Komsomolsk-on-Amur! Experiencing T-50, that means T-50 FLY in Komsomolsk-on-Amur!
      Yes, this photo was taken from MAKS (it is beautiful, I liked it), but let me tell you a secret, these planes made a flight from Komsomolsk-on-Amur to Zhukovsky, to this exhibition, and then flew back!
      See 2Roy my comment, there is a photo from Komsomolsk-on-Amur, 2010. What does not suit you?
      1. Bongo
        Bongo 30 March 2014 04: 44
        Dear Taras, from your statement:
        these beauties are already fly with might and main
        , you would think that they are mass-produced. In fact, it is so far that prototypes built in the amount of 4 units, with avionics from 4-generation aircraft. In Komsomolsk they are not tested, we there are no conditions for this.
        If it flies from the Dzemgi airfield, it is the Su-27SM and Su-35. With them, everything is also not as cloudless as they crack on channel 1, a significant part of the aircraft (about 50%) are not combat-ready due to numerous equipment failures, and this is despite the fact that the fighters are based at the factory airfield. It is worth to be more balanced in comments, there is enough "Chapaev" on the site, but our defense capacity does not increase from this.
        1. Brother
          Brother 30 March 2014 21: 06
          Sergey, with all due respect, but these "prototypes" fly, it is most important!
          1. Bongo
            Bongo 31 March 2014 02: 18
            In Komsomolsk, they do not fly, especially "with might and main." I have the opportunity to observe flights from the Dzemgi airfield every day. It was like talking about it. hi
            1. Brother
              Brother 31 March 2014 03: 43
              In Komsomolsk, they do not fly, especially "with might and main."

              And where do they fly? Build them in Komsomolsk-on-Amur, and they fly in Moscow?
              And after all, they do not fly "with might and main", but along "separate parts", in special areas of the sky, and they do not take the whole sky, so chtoli?
              I'm not trying to pin up something, I just want to know more precisely. For me, "flying with might and main" means to fly, that is, take off from the runway, soar above the clouds, land on the airfield, with might and main, am I wrong?
              1. Bongo
                Bongo 31 March 2014 06: 11
                In full in my not sophisticated opinion, means mass flights, or at least regular ones. This in Komsomolsk is certainly not there, the assembled prototypes, with several intermediate landings, are distilled to the Flight Research Institute named after M.M Gromova in Zhukovsky near Moscow, where the ini pass the whole complex of tests.
                1. Brother
                  Brother 31 March 2014 11: 23
                  So we have a misunderstanding.
        2. The point
          The point 1 May 2014 07: 09
          That's right, countryman, you say. hi
  25. Anton Gavrilov
    Anton Gavrilov 31 March 2014 23: 03
    An excellent combat aircraft is more than a worthy replacement for the ambiguous Su-24. In addition, as far as I know, our only aircraft can use the entire range of precision weapons. And most importantly, we will have a lot of them, as long as 124 pieces have been ordered, production 39 machines have been delivered 14 is expected to be delivered this year, that is, we will have 53 by the new year! And starting from the 15 year, it is planned to produce 20 aircraft a year. In the future, it is planned to get 150-200 aircraft of this type - a very decent series by modern standards.
  26. silberwolf88
    silberwolf88 April 27 2014 17: 51
    All is well that ends well.
    A powerful strike aircraft, highly maneuverable with an excellent range of weapons, has long been needed even in quantities and more than current contracts provide for. At its core, this aircraft can provide complete suppression of the ground infrastructure of a potential enemy ... esgo air defense systems ... acting accurately and selectively for targets of various classes.
    It also pleases the potential inherent in its use (including as carrier-based aviation) and further modernization.
  27. Lesorub
    Lesorub 13 May 2014 17: 31
    EXCELLENT Samalet !!!! Hooray!! Hooray!!! Hooray!!!
  28. TU160
    TU160 21 July 2014 13: 37
    Quote: W1950
    For this I must say thanks to the bruise of EBN with its Gaidar team. in general, they nearly destroyed the country, but were in favor with the Americans.

    Gorbach and EBN are the cause of all the troubles of recent years. The collapse of the USSR, the tragedy of Ukraine, etc.
    And now, NATO is on our borders. Gorbachev must be judged!