Military Review

"Counterpartis Aviation". Part 2

28



In addition to the United States, the creation of a specialized "anti-serf" attack aircraft engaged in Argentina. The aircraft, which received the name IA-58 "Pucara", was created according to the concept adopted in the OV-10 "Bronco". But it was different from him tail and more powerful gun-guns.


IA-58 Pukara


This small, elegant, straight-wing turboprop aircraft became the first production fighting vehicle developed and built in Argentina. It was produced from 1974 to 1988 year, during which time around 120 machines were built.



The attack aircraft was created on the basis of combat experience aviation during the battles with the guerlieros in the province of Tucuman. The key requirements of the Argentinean military to the aircraft were good takeoff and landing characteristics (the required runway length is not more than 400 m) and high maneuverability at low altitude, which provides an attack on small, well-disguised targets and avoiding anti-aircraft fire. The plane has a reservation protecting the cockpit from the bottom of the fire weapons caliber 7,62 mm at a distance of 150 m.

"Counterpartis Aviation". Part 2


"Pukara" carries a powerful built-in small arms and cannon armament, consisting of two 20-mm cannons and four 7,62-mm machine guns. On seven nodes of the external suspension it is possible to place a combat load of up to 1500 kg in weight.

The stormtrooper, created to fight the partisans, took part in a short-lived but fierce Argentine-British conflict over the Falklands. During which these slow-moving turboprops struck British ships fleet and the paratroopers who landed on the islands.

For its intended purpose, the aircraft were used in Colombia and Sri Lanka, where they showed themselves well. In addition to the ground attack targets in the jungle, they served as gunners and coordinators for high-speed jet vehicles.
Currently, only a few IA-58 "Pukara" airplanes are in working condition.

Another type of specialized anti-partisan machines became the so-called “ganships”. The idea of ​​creating such an attack aircraft is to install a powerful battery of rifle guns one by one on a military transport aircraft. The fire is fought when the plane turns towards the target.

For the first time in a combat situation in Vietnam, this was implemented in 1964.
On the piston transport C-47 "Dakota" (produced in the USSR as Lee-2) on the left side were installed 3 machine-gun 7,62-mm six-barreled container SUU-11: two - in the windows, the third - in the cargo door opening. The collimator mark Mark 20 Mod.4 from the A-1 Skyraider attack aircraft was mounted in the cab and installed additional radio communications.


AC-47D


In one of the first combat sorties, AC-47D with its fire disrupted an attempt of night storming by the Viet Cong stronghold of government troops in the Mekong Delta. The rain of tracer bullets against the night sky made an unforgettable impression on both warring parties.

Such a successful combat debut finally convinced the Americans of the viability and effectiveness of such aircraft. In the spring of 1965, an application for the conversion of another 20 C-47 was issued.

Being very effective, the units of the "guanships" suffered one of the heaviest losses among American aircraft in Vietnam. This is not surprising: most of the flights of AC-47D were carried out in the dark without any special equipment, which is dangerous in itself in the difficult conditions of the Vietnamese climate and terrain. The majority of the “gunships” were older than their young pilots, who also had a very small raid on airplanes with piston engines. The short range of the weapons made the crews work from heights of no more than 1000 m, which made the aircraft vulnerable to anti-aircraft fire.

AC-47D was commonly used in conjunction with other aircraft: ground attack aircraft, reconnaissance aircraft, and A-1E and O-2 fire controllers, and C-123 Moonshine lighting aircraft. When patrolling rivers and canals in the Mekong Delta, near the “hugs”, the multipurpose OV-10A Bronco often acted. AC-47D is often the B-57 fighters or bombers themselves.

At the beginning of 1966, AC-47D began to be attracted for flights in the area of ​​the “Ho Chi Minh trail”, since the capabilities of the “ganships” were perfectly suited to combat traffic on it. But the rapid loss of six AC-47D from anti-aircraft fire of large-caliber machine guns, 37-mm and 57-mm guns, which were in abundance in the area, forced to abandon their use over the "path". In 1967, the Seventh US Air Force in Vietnam had two full squadrons armed with AC-47D. Until 1969, they were able to retain more than 6000 “strategic villages”, strong points and firing positions. But the Americans switched to more advanced versions of the "huts", and the hopelessly outdated AC-47D transferred to the allies. They hit the air forces of South Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Thailand. The last AU-47 ended their careers in El Salvador at the start of the 90s.

The success of the AC-47D led to a sharp increase in interest in the "hugs" and the emergence of many projects of this class of aircraft. Fairchild has taken the C-119G Flying Boxcar twin-engine transport aircraft as a basis. It was made according to the two-beam scheme, had a somewhat larger size than the C-47, and was equipped with much more powerful piston engines for the 3500 hp. The latter allowed him to fly at a higher speed than the C-47 (up to 400 km / h) and take up to 13 tons of payload.

Although the armament of the AC-119G consisted of the same four machine-gun containers SUU-11, firing through portholes of the left side, its equipment became much more perfect. It was equipped with a night vision surveillance system, a powerful 20 kW floodlight, a fire control computer, EW equipment.



The crew was protected by ceramic armor. In general, according to American estimates, the new aircraft was approximately 25% more efficient than AC-47D. The first AC-119G arrived in May 1968 of the year (100 days after signing the contract).


AC-119G


The next series of X-NUMX aircraft AC-26K entered service in the fall of 119. On them, in contrast to the AC-1969G, except for piston engines, on the pylons under the wing, they installed two turbofan engines using 119 kgf.

This refinement has facilitated operation in hot climates, especially from mountain airfields. Significantly changed the composition of equipment and weapons.

The new "gunship" received a navigation system, a viewing IR station, side-looking radar, search radar. To the four "Miniguns" that fired through portholes of the left side, were added two quick-firing six-barreled M-61 Vulcan guns with 20 mm caliber installed in special embrasures. If the AC-47 and AC-119G aircraft could effectively hit targets from a range of no more than 1000 m, thanks to the presence of guns, the AC-119K could operate from a distance of 1400m and heights of 975m at roll in 45 ° or 1280 m at 60 ° roll. This allowed him not to enter the zone of effective destruction by large-caliber machine guns and small arms.

The AC-119 variants were used differently. If AC-119G was used for night and day support of troops, defense bases, night target designation, armed reconnaissance and target illumination, the AC-119K was specially developed and used as a “truck hunter” on the “Ho Chi Minh trail”. Hitting the shells of its 20-mm guns disabled most types of used cars. Therefore, some crews of the AC-119K often abandoned ammunition for 7,62-mm machine guns in favor of an additional number of 20-mm projectiles.

By September 1970 of the year on the official AC-119K account, their number was 2206 destroyed trucks, and the best praise for AC-119G pilots could be the words of one of the leading aircraft manufacturers: “To hell with F-4, give us a ganship”! The AU-119 is also famous for the fact that it was the last aircraft shot down during the fighting in Vietnam.

The Air Force wanted to get even more powerful aircraft, such a shock machine was created on the basis of the four-engine turboprop C-130 "Hercules".
The aircraft received an 4 machine-gun module MXU-470 and four 20-mm M-61 Vulcan cannon in special embrasures on the port side. It was equipped with a night vision surveillance system, side-view radar, fire control radar, searchlights with 20 kW power and on-board fire control computer.
In one of the first combat sorties of the AC-130 Gunship II, a motorcade from 10-ti trucks heading south was destroyed by means of a night-vision system and in 6 minutes.


AC-130A


The following modification, called AC-130A, had the same weaponry as the prototype, only the equipment changed: they received a new IR viewing station, a fire control computer and target designation radar. The experience of using the AC-130А aircraft resulted in the replacement of two 1969-mm M-20 cannons with semi-automatic Bofors М61А2 cannons with 1 mm caliber in 40, which made it possible to hit targets when flying with 45 tilt from 4200 heights to range with a roll 6000 ° - from a height of 65 m at a distance of 5400 m.

In addition, the aircraft installed: low-altitude TV-system, side-looking radar, laser rangefinder-pointer. In this form, the aircraft became known as the AC-130A Surprise Package.

In 1971, the US Air Force received even more advanced AC-130E aircraft, created on the basis of the C-130E (11 in total). During this period, the North Vietnamese used a large number of tanks (according to American estimates, more than 600 pcs.) To combat them, on the AC-130E, instead of a single 40-mm gun, they installed an on-board computer, but manually charged 105-mm infantry howitzer from World War II (shortened, lightened and on a special gun carriage )



In March, the 1973 of the year, the last of the “huts” that flew in Vietnam, appeared: АC-130Н Pave Specter, featuring more powerful engines and completely new on-board equipment.

Since 1972, the Viet Cong began a massive use of Soviet Strela-2 MANPADS, making any flight at low altitude unsafe. One AC-130, receiving an 12 on May 1972, hitting a rocket, was able to return to base, but the other two were shot down. To reduce the likelihood of missiles coming with infrared homing heads, many AC-130s were equipped with refrigerators — ejectors that lowered the temperature of the exhaust gases. For jamming radar air defense systems on the AC-130 with 1969, began to install suspension containers EW ALQ-87 (on 4 pcs.). But against the "Arrows" these events proved ineffective. The combat activity of the Ganship was significantly reduced, but they were used until the last hours of the war in Southeast Asia.



After Vietnam, the AU-130 aircraft were left without work for a long time, interrupting their idle year in October 1983 during the US invasion of Grenada. The crews of the "ganships" put down several batteries of Grenada small-caliber anti-aircraft artillery, and also provided fire cover for the landing of paratroopers. The next operation with their participation was “Just Cause” - the US invasion of Panama. In this operation, Rio Hato and Paitilla airbases, Torrijos airport and Balboa port, as well as a number of individual military facilities, became targets of the AU-130. The fighting did not last long — from December 20 1989 to January 7 1990.

This operation was as though specially intended for "ganships". The almost complete absence of air defense and a very limited conflict area made the AU-130 the kings of the air. For aircraft crews, the war turned into training flights with shooting. In Panama, the crews of the AU-130 worked out their classic tactics: the 2 aircraft went into a turn in such a way that at a certain point in time they were at two opposite points of a circle, while their whole fire converged on the ground in a circle with a diameter of 15 meters, literally destroying everything that got in the way. During the fighting aircraft flew during the daytime.

During the "Storm in the Desert" 4 aircraft AC-130H from the 4 squadron made 50 sorties, the total flight time exceeded the 280 hours. During the operation, it turned out that in the desert conditions, in the heat and the air saturated with sand and dust, the infrared systems of the aircraft were absolutely useless. Moreover, one AC-130H while covering ground troops in the battle for Al-Khafi was shot down by an Iraqi air defense missile system, the entire crew of the aircraft was killed. This loss confirmed the well-known truth from the time of Vietnam - in areas saturated with air defense systems, such aircraft have nothing to do.

Aircraft of various modifications of the AU-130 continue to be in service with parts of the Office of Special Operations of the US Air Force. As the early versions of the AC-130 are written off, new ones are ordered on the basis of the most modern C-130J version with an extended cargo compartment.



Another armed aircraft based on the "Hercules" is the MC-130W Combat Spear.


MC-130W


Four squadrons in service with MS-130 aircraft are used for deep raids into the depths of the enemy’s territory with the aim of delivering or receiving people and goods during special operations. Depending on the task being performed, the 30-mm Bushmaster cannon and Hellfire missiles can be installed on it.

The story about the "counterguerrilla ganships" would be incomplete without mentioning the smallest aircraft of this class: Fairchild AU-23A and Hello AU-24A. The first was a modification of the well-known single-engine transport aircraft Pilatus Turbo-Porter, commissioned by the Thai government (a total of 17 such machines were built).


AU-23A




The main weapon of these light machines was a triple-barreled 20-mm gun. Additionally suspended NAR and bombs.


Hello AU-24A


The second represented exactly the same alteration, carried out on the basis of the aircraft Hello U-10A. 15 such aircraft transferred to the Cambodian government, intensively flew and participated in the battles.

In addition to the United States, work on armed aircraft of this type are conducted in other countries.


MC-27J


An Italian demo of the MC-27J was shown at the Farnborough air show. It is based on the C-27J Spartan military transporter. The development is carried out under the program for creating low-cost multi-purpose aircraft carrying fast-mounted weapons made in containers.



The main caliber of such weapons - 30-mm. The ATK GAU-23 automatic cannon, which is a modification of the Mk 44 Bushmaster, was demonstrated at the air show. This system is mounted in the cargo compartment. The fire is carried out of the cargo door on the left side.

Currently, armed drones significantly pushed light "anti-guerrilla" attack aircraft. However, along with the numerous advantages of RPV have significant drawbacks. They, unlike the attack aircraft, are not capable of carrying significant ammunition on board, and are intended rather for observation, reconnaissance and the application of single-point punches. Stormtrooper is able to "iron" the target for a long time. Control of attack aircraft can not be lost when the enemy uses EW equipment, as often happens with RPV. Manned aircraft is still more flexible in use, it is less than the drone depends on weather conditions. Given all this, the demand for light specialized attack aircraft in the world is not reduced.

The US Air Force announced the purchase of a batch of A-29 Super Tucano light turboprop attack aircraft manufactured by the Brazilian company EMBRAER. The aircraft will be used in Afghanistan and other troubled regions. In addition to strikes on ground targets, reconnaissance and adjustment, these aircraft are capable of intercepting low-speed aerial targets.


A-29 Super Tucano


The cockpit of the A-29 is protected by Kevlar armor. Built-in armament consists of two 12,7-mm machine guns. On the external suspension is placed up to 1500 kg of combat load. In the past, these planes were successfully used by a number of countries to fight rebel and terrorist groups.

Iraq ordered AT-36B Texan II aircraft in the US for 6. These twin turboprop aircraft, in addition to the built-in armament of two 12,7-mm machine guns, are capable of carrying various armaments. Including Hellfire and Maverick missiles, Paveway II / Paveway III / Paveway IV and JDAM guided bombs.


AT-6B Texan II


The Iraqi Air Force has also Cessna AC-208B Combat Caravan light attack aircraft, the main weapon of which are two AGM-114 Hellfire missiles. The aircraft is based on a single-engine turboprop general-purpose aircraft Cessna 208B Grand Caravan and is designed for counterinsurgency operations. The aircraft is operated from 2009 year.


AC-208B Combat Caravan


According to Iraqi officials, a wide range of guided weapons is needed to avoid incidental damage when inflicting airstrikes on insurgents.



Aviation avionics allows you to perform tasks optoelectronic aerial reconnaissance and surveillance, to use aviation means of destruction. The cabin is protected by ballistic panels.

Currently in the United States is being tested light attack aircraft Scorpion.
The Scorpion ground attack aircraft has been developed by Textron since April 2012. The project also involved the company Cessna, engaged in the assembly of aircraft.


Light attack Textron Scorpion


The maximum take-off weight of the aircraft is 9,6 tons. According to project calculations, the attack aircraft will be able to reach speeds of up to 833 km / h and fly to a distance of thousands of kilometers from 4,4. Scorpion will be equipped with six suspension points for rockets and bombs with a total weight of up to 2800 kg.

At the end of the eighties, the concept of the Soviet military leadership became widespread: in the event of a nuclear strike, the Union fell into four industrially isolated regions — the Western Region, the Urals, the Far East, and Ukraine. According to the plans of the leadership, each region, even in difficult post-apocalyptic conditions, should have had the opportunity to independently produce an inexpensive plane for attacking the enemy. This aircraft and was supposed to be easily reproducible attack aircraft. In Sukhoi Design Bureau, within the framework of the LVS program, several variants with turboprop and turbojet engines were considered.


Model aircraft T-710 "Anaconda"


The winner was the project T-710 "Anaconda" assembled by the type of American aircraft OV-10 Bronco. Take-off weight was assumed to 7500 kg. At maximum fueling, the mass of the normal combat load 2000 kg. In the overloaded version it can carry up to 2500 kg of combat load. The plane had 8 points of suspension arms, 4 on the wing and 4 on the pylon under the fuselage. The nose of the fuselage, taken from the Su-25UB (along with a twin 30 mm gun GSH-30), behind the pilot's cabin is an armored compartment for separating paratroopers. The use of TV7-117М engines for 2500 HP was assumed, the engine nacelles were closed with armor, six-bladed screws. The speed with these engines was assumed to be 620-650 km / h.

Another promising project was the T-502 lightweight training ground attack aircraft. The aircraft should provide training for pilots piloting jet aircraft. To this end, the propeller and the turboprop or two engines were combined into one package and placed in the rear fuselage. Double cabin with a common lantern and tandem arrangement of ejection seats. It was assumed the use of cabins from the Su-25UB or L-39. On suspension points you can place weapons weighing up to 1000kg, which made it possible to use the aircraft as a light attack aircraft.


Model aircraft T-502


On these light attack aircraft it was planned to make extensive use of units from mass-produced aircraft. A full process of purging models at TsAGI was carried out, but interest in the project has already cooled, despite the support of MP Simonov. Modern management has also given this interesting development to oblivion, despite the fact that there is a clear tendency in the world to transition from complex A-10 machines to simpler ones, created on the basis of turboprop converters or, in general, on the basis of agricultural turboprop aircraft.

The need for this type of aircraft is now in our country. A light "anti-terrorism" attack aircraft with the ability to act at any time of the day could be created on the basis of the Yak-130.


Yak-130


Due to the rejection of the co-pilot as a result of deep modernization, it is possible to improve the avionics, to increase the security and combat load. The previously developed combat version of the Yak-131 was supposed to have a built-in 30-millimeter cannon and Whirlwind missiles with a laser-beam control system. Unfortunately, this project has not received further development.

Based on:
http://www.ainonline.com/aviation-news/
http://www.cc.gatech.edu/~tpilsch/AirOps/O2.html
http://www.arms-expo.ru/055057052124050055049051055.html
http://airspot.ru/catalogue/aircrafts/type/
http://alternathistory.org.ua/proekt-shturmovika-kb-grunina-t-710-anakonda-rossiya
Author:
Articles from this series:
"Counterpartis Aviation". Part 1
"Counterpartis Aviation". Part 2
28 comments
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  1. Nayhas
    Nayhas 25 March 2014 08: 37
    +3
    I thought that the second part will end on Super Tucano and Scorpion, the third part will be purely about ganshipy. Well, okay, a good review, I heard about Soviet layouts for the first time, interesting. Only it is not clear what kind of theater was going to use. Well, the Yak-130 is generally superfluous.
    1. Mister X
      Mister X 25 March 2014 13: 53
      +12
      Quote: Nayhas
      I heard about Soviet mockups for the first time, interestingly. Only it is not clear what kind of theater was going to use.

      It was planned to install the TVD -20, TVD 1500 engines, or the VK-117 TVD engines with a power of ~ 1400 hp

      The Grunin Design Bureau had another project: the T-712 multipurpose aircraft built according to the "triplane" type aerodynamic design.

      The multi-purpose aircraft T-712 was developed to solve the following problems:
      - operational - tactical, radio and technical intelligence,
      - light attack aircraft for striking enemy targets,
      - adjustment of artillery and rocket fire,
      - detection and exploration of minefields,
      - overseas target designation for ships and submarines,
      - radiation and chemical reconnaissance,
      - means of electronic warfare,
      - providing data on counter-terrorism operations,
      - imitation of threats in the preparation of air defense calculations,
      - solving missile defense issues,
      - training
      - collection of meteorological information.
      On the basis of the T-712 aircraft, it was possible to create UAVs of long range with a flight duration of 8-14 hours.
      Composite materials are widely used in the design.
      The aerodynamic scheme of the "triplane" type allows you to fly at large angles of attack without stalling into a tailspin.
      As an option, the cabin from the MiG-AT aircraft was considered as the basis for the placement of pilots.
      It is possible to install TVD -20, TVD 1500, or TVD VK-117 engines with a power of ~ 1400 hp
      A set of measures was used to reduce IR visibility.
      It is possible to install additional fuel tanks with a volume of 700 liters.
      The project has not received further development.

      By the way, I want to draw attention to the fact that at the bottom of the plane are not floats, but containers for cluster bombs, mines, electronic warfare equipment, radar equipment, etc.



      Here are the brief LTH
      Max. take-off weight, kg 5000
      Max. empty weight kg 2620
      Curb weight, kg 2900
      Max. fuel mass, kg 920 + (700)
      Max. combat load, kg 2100
      Normal The weight of the combat load, kg 1600
      Max. payload weight, kg 2100
      Range at max refueling, km 3500
      Maximum speed, km / h 520
      Cruising speed, km / h, 360-380
      Radius of action, km 510
      Crew, people. 2
      Number of passengers
      Practical ceiling, m 7500
      Take-off distance (N = 15 m), m 620
      Landing distance (N = 15 m), m 380
      Rate of climb on ur. sea ​​m / min 870
      Max. exploit overload 7 / -3
      Maximum power, h.p. 2X1400
      Wing Area, sq.m. Xnumx

      1. Nayhas
        Nayhas 25 March 2014 19: 39
        0
        Quote: Mister X
        The Grunin Design Bureau had another project: the T-712 multipurpose aircraft built according to the "triplane" type aerodynamic design.

        Yeah, Rutan inspired? Questions:
        1. What years?
        2. Scavenged?
        3. Landing at four points will give a high load on the fuselage, why?
        4. Powder gases will definitely be sucked into the airborne engines, why not under the fuselage, since there’s a place on the sea, there are no racks?
        1. Mister X
          Mister X 25 March 2014 20: 41
          +2
          Quote: Nayhas
          Yeah, Rutan inspired? Questions:

          Maybe Rutan - how do I know?
          You may find some additional information on the topic in this article:
          http://pkk-avia.livejournal.com/52236.html?nojs=1
      2. stillrat
        stillrat 25 March 2014 20: 50
        0
        PRETTY BOY!!!!
  2. inkass_98
    inkass_98 25 March 2014 08: 44
    +5
    Thanks for the quality review!
  3. Gorko
    Gorko 25 March 2014 09: 09
    +5
    An analogue of the AC-130 would not hurt in Russia.
  4. Somad
    Somad 25 March 2014 09: 14
    +14
    Gunships have already been discussed on topwar. And several "specialists" said that gunships are not needed in the modern army, "... it's a waste of money", "... they only use them against the Papuans with bows to fight", etc. However, I said and say that ganships have their own niche of use. In this case, in a guerrilla war. Agree - this type of military action is now the most common ... Article +.
  5. FunkschNNX
    FunkschNNX 25 March 2014 11: 52
    -4
    Forgot about An-72 am
    It is not clear where and how to use it, they can be overwhelmed in the Caucasus, if only poachers are driven by sea.
    Another An-2 in Asia tried to remake under the attack.
    1. FunkschNNX
      FunkschNNX 25 March 2014 11: 54
      0
      though not serial, but still.
      1. Bongo
        25 March 2014 13: 29
        +3
        This is a border service plane, not a gunship.
        1. FunkschNNX
          FunkschNNX 25 March 2014 14: 38
          0
          how does one interfere with the other?
  6. lexx2038
    lexx2038 25 March 2014 12: 45
    0
    Quote: Nayhas
    I thought that the second part will end on Super Tucano and Scorpion, the third part will be purely about ganshipy. Well, okay, a good review, I heard about Soviet layouts for the first time, interesting. Only it is not clear what kind of theater was going to use. Well, the Yak-130 is generally superfluous.


    The third part will be about boomerangs, spears, bows, clubs ...
  7. Avenich
    Avenich 25 March 2014 12: 46
    +5
    Good articles. To the author plus. But still, the tucano is a very beautiful plane.
  8. spech
    spech 25 March 2014 12: 52
    -1
    In one of the first combat sorties, AC-47D with its fire disrupted an attempt of night storming by the Viet Cong stronghold of government troops in the Mekong Delta. The rain of tracer bullets against the night sky made an unforgettable impression on both warring parties.

    Such a successful combat debut finally convinced the Americans of the viability and effectiveness of such aircraft. In the spring of 1965, an application for the conversion of another 20 C-47 was issued.
    But the rapid loss of six AC-47Ds from anti-aircraft fire from large-caliber machine guns, 37-mm and 57-mm cannons, which were in abundance in the area, forced them to abandon their use over the "path".

    mutually exclusive paragraphs
    1. Argon
      Argon 25 March 2014 13: 54
      +4
      Unfortunately, recently the consciousness of young (and not so) people regarding military issues has been concentrating on terms like "economic efficiency", "cost-effectiveness." And when I was young, there was a wonderful word - Combat efficiency. on the cusp of a qualitative leap in the development of tactical air defense systems, there is no need to talk about armed "maize" or "transport workers." In my opinion, the range of tasks (their complexity, variety) facing an aircraft (or any other aircraft) of army aviation does not leave much places and UAVs.
      1. badger1974
        badger1974 25 March 2014 17: 33
        +1
        the author generally embraces the review, the fact of the matter is that this is a review, and the economic component is a topic for left-wing operations, a strong country should have a strong attack aircraft, and half measures are for weak
  9. Bongo
    25 March 2014 13: 35
    +6
    Quote: spech
    mutually exclusive paragraphs

    You apparently did not read too carefully.
    Quote: spech
    In one of the first combat sorties, AC-47D with its fire disrupted an attempt of night storming by the Viet Cong stronghold of government troops in the Mekong Delta. The rain of tracer bullets against the night sky made an unforgettable impression on both warring parties.
    - here we are talking about an attempt by the Viet Cong detachment, without heavy and anti-aircraft weapons, to capture a strong point in a night attack.
    Quote: spech
    The rapid loss of six AC-47Ds from anti-aircraft fire from large-caliber machine guns, 37-mm and 57-mm cannons, which were in abundance in the area, forced them to abandon their use over the "path".
    -here about operations on the Ho Chi Minh trail, which was weakly covered by anti-aircraft artillery. Do you catch the difference?
    1. badger1974
      badger1974 25 March 2014 17: 40
      +1
      angels (Hercules with airborne rifle) and so suffered losses from the destruction of the body due to vibrations, Hercules, although strong, but not omnipotent
  10. Bongo
    25 March 2014 13: 45
    +2
    Quote: Nayhas
    Only it is not clear what kind of theater was going to use. Well, the Yak-130 is generally superfluous.

    It was planned to use engines: TVD-20, TVD-1500, VK-1500 or other options with a capacity of about 1400 hp
    I can’t agree with you about the Yak-130, in my opinion this is a good platform for an easy attack aircraft.
    1. Nayhas
      Nayhas 25 March 2014 20: 43
      +3
      Quote: Bongo
      I can’t agree with you about the Yak-130, in my opinion this is a good platform for an easy attack aircraft.

      Too expensive in cost and maintenance. Toucanch wins because it is cheap to maintain. The engine on it Pratt & Whitney PT6A-68C is very common in the world, hence the low cost of its operation, and he is the only one.
      PS: In theory, if we were on a par with the United States, it was enough to convert the An-32 into a modern "gunship" without cannon armament. Suspended sighting container, stock of UABs of various calibers and guidance systems. And that's it, from a height of 5 km. Look for the enemy with impunity and drive him into the ground ...
  11. misham1978
    misham1978 25 March 2014 14: 25
    +1
    The review does not mention the Smolensk SM-92 Finist (no worse than Pilutus). There is his option for border guards, he is able to carry Nurses and bombs. Piece 5 seems to have flown in the FSB aviation
  12. unclevad
    unclevad 25 March 2014 15: 59
    +1
    The military should think about developing a modular version of the "gunship" for the AN-s or L410. In order to properly meet the pack of Benedera on the outskirts of the Crimea. Who knows what happened in this Tymoshenko's sick head after liposuction in Germany? There is nothing to say about other characters.
    1. badger1974
      badger1974 25 March 2014 17: 36
      +4
      Hare in this article of politics, I am from the Crimea, and I personally have x ersatz. we are so strong, you come on
  13. badger1974
    badger1974 25 March 2014 17: 48
    0
    plus to the author, only in the first article I wanted to say about the Dysi and about the angel, offset, and where about drones? Seryoga, you promised
    1. Bongo
      26 March 2014 01: 51
      +3
      Quote: badger1974
      and where about drones?

      Volodya, read carefully, about the advantages and disadvantages of drones and light attack aircraft in the article is mentioned.
      Here is an article about the combat use of drones:
      http://topwar.ru/27536-boevoe-primenenie-bespilotnyh-letatelnyh-apparatov.html
  14. ICT
    ICT 25 March 2014 19: 35
    +3
    in my opinion forgot
    planes of the former yugoslavia

    such as the G-4 Super Galeb and their predecessors, carried out their tasks under the complete domination of NATO aviation during the war in Kosovo
  15. air wolf
    air wolf 25 March 2014 20: 26
    +4
    And why do not you like the Su-25 and its subsequent upgrades? If in order to save money, it is better to resume the production of IL-10.
  16. Yura Gagarin
    Yura Gagarin 26 March 2014 00: 56
    0
    OBS, 3.14ndos abandon their A-10, in view of the sequestration ... well done, well say!))
  17. The comment was deleted.
  18. Sledgehammer
    Sledgehammer 26 March 2014 01: 16
    +4
    One of the variants of the module for ov-10 "Bronco", it seems to me successful .

    Air Tractor AT-802i as an attack aircraft at the Dubai 2013 air show.
  19. Bongo
    26 March 2014 01: 45
    +2
    Quote: Фкенщь13
    how does one interfere with the other?

    Of course, it is possible to build a "gunship" on the basis of the An-72, but this requires the placement of weapons on board. This modification is a purely patrol vehicle An-72P, with a 23-mm GSh-23 suspension for firing on a course.
    1. FunkschNNX
      FunkschNNX 26 March 2014 10: 04
      0
      "Ganship" is so much a conventional term that a maize with NURs can also be called a ganship.
      1. Bongo
        26 March 2014 15: 18
        +1
        As the author of this article, I will take the liberty to quote you an excerpt:
        Another type of specialized anti-partisan machines became the so-called “ganships”. The idea of ​​creating such an attack aircraft is to install a powerful battery of rifle guns one by one on a military transport aircraft. The fire is fought when the plane turns towards the target.
        Or, as a last resort, take a look at "Vika" if I'm not an authority for you.
        1. FunkschNNX
          FunkschNNX 27 March 2014 10: 28
          0
          I believe you, and the article is wonderful, and I was puzzled by the term right away, but I didn't find anything concrete :-(, who wants something and calls it "ganship".
  20. Wildfox
    Wildfox 24 February 2017 12: 39
    0
    To the author my deep respect, thanks for the article. hi
    I will express 2 thoughts:
    1. UAVs are quite effective weapons in theaters such as Syria, Iraq, etc. When conducting a CTO in the same Dagestan, drummers could also be useful. Just if you look at the practice of application, then all the same they are the most effective means of countering jihadmobiles. I proceed from the price of an hour of flight and frequency of use against small groups of terrorists. Agree to drive the Su-25 and Su-24 for a couple of jeeps is expensive and wasteful, and a drone can cut such movements or direct the same artillery if you can’t do it yourself.
    2. Ganships in my opinion heresy, with modern Chinese MANPADS, they will not give him the opportunity to iron the territory. Here, the Su-24 with air bombs and KAB-ami is much more efficient, you can directly support Mi-24/35/28-mi. There is more organization of the use of weapons, i.e. level of training of command personnel.
    The only place where light attack aircraft are appropriate is dense forests, and highlands with complex terrain, where MANPADS are limited in use and KK machine guns too. In a relatively open area, these Pipelatians will become "game." I think their absence in the Armed Forces means that there is no plan to meddle in such places yet, or reckon on the use of existing systems and tactics of counteraction. hi
    1. CB activist
      CB activist 23 May 2017 22: 42
      0
      I just can’t understand why people (both decision-makers and simply interested observers) stubbornly fail to notice simple truths:

      1. Direct support of ground forces is work in the interests of company / battalion level units. Accordingly, the pilot must visually perceive the ground situation as the company / battalion commander perceives it. This is only possible at low altitudes and speeds. Su-24, Su-25 planes are not suitable for these purposes, they are not Ground Forces aviation, they are tactical strike aircraft of the Air Force.

      2. At present, the task of direct support of troops is really solved only by helicopters.

      3. The subsonic attack aircraft, created on a modern technical basis, can surpass the MI - 24 helicopter and other aircraft of this series in all performance characteristics. and in terms of survivability and protection from modern air defense systems of the enemy ground forces. At the same time, it will be several times cheaper.

      4. The advantage of a helicopter in vertical take-off and landing is not decisive, because at the current level of mechanization of the Ground Forces, making a short unpaved runway is a half day issue.

      5. The speeds of 300-600 km / h have long been mastered by airplanes, and the creation of a high-speed combat helicopter (tiltrotor) is an complicated and expensive idea and deeply flawed. If in the small high-speed range where combat helicopters are now present, there appears a “master of these places” - an attack plane, he will devour all these helicopters, using his numerical superiority (it is cheaper and can be produced in large quantities) and his superiority in TTX. It is only necessary to create it.

      The question remains: why the armored aircraft - attack aircraft has not yet been created? And all this with all its obvious advantages! I think because the “helicopter pilots” in the military aviation industry do not want to concede their existing monopoly to the creation of direct support of troops on aviation.