Military Review



Combined weapon always created in order to get an object that performs two or more functions. One type of atypical weapon is a key combined with a firearm. Judging by the variety of copies of such weapons, the idea to have a key-gun (key-gun) pursued gunsmiths for more than one century, most sources indicate the dates of manufacture and the origin of these key-guns: Western Europe, the end of 17 century - mid 19 century. There are keys pistols as wick ignition, and with ignition systems of later samples: flint, capsule. The intended purpose of this item is two: the key - to unlock the locks of the locks, weapons - for self-defense. Judging by the descriptions in various sources, on weapon forums on the net (although I personally did not find a more or less authoritative literary source), the pistol-key could be used by prison guards; on ships in the holds of which the slaves carried were locked up; for locking the main gate leading to the estate, at a time when there were many bandits on the roads; night watchmen guarding the manor or city streets.


Key gun wick ignition. The beard is a key shaped figure, the core is hollow, performing the role of the bore. A spring-loaded serpentine is fixed at the base of the key at its head with a through screw. The seed hole is located opposite the serpentine head. In my opinion, the wick ignition method is not quite suitable for a combined weapon, there is no surprise effect, since a smoldering wick is visible, it is difficult to keep the weapon in a state of alert ready.

However, this weapon is in demand among collectors. Online store produces and sells replicas of such weapons in the United States.

The flintlock key-gun is a fairly effective weapon that is constantly ready for use, is not so dependent on weather conditions and is quite simple to use. Locks to these pistols were made both as a separate element and representing a part of the key stem design.

One of the famous keys of pistols with a flintlock is the weapon stored in Poland at the Marienburg Castle Museum (Malbork). This key-gun was made approximately at the end of the XVII - the beginning of the XVIII century, on the lock board there is a marking in the form of four beveled crosses. The barrel in the upper part has an inscription, which is made of brass, translated from Polish: “God guard” (“BOZE STRZEZ”). The length of the 42,1 pistol key-cm, the barrel of 34,5 length, see.


The key gun of capsule ignition, can be various design. Consider the three main models.
In the first case, the brand tube is located on the side surface of the key shaft, and the trigger is fixed on the axis in the key head. The trigger is spring-loaded, the trigger is released by forward feeding the trigger, after which it breaks off from the platoon and strikes the primer.


In the second case, the parts of the firing mechanism are mounted in the key head, and the primer igniter is installed in the end part of the key shaft, from the side of the key head. The design, in my opinion, is very successful and convenient for use. The trigger lever is located on the outside of the key head.

The third key-gun consists of two parts, connected by a threaded connection. The upper part (with the key head), in the core of which a spring-loaded drummer is fixed, with the base in the form of a ball located in the head of the key. For the convenience of raising and lowering (for firing a shot), the head of the key is hinged on the key axis. The lower part (with the key bit) is a trunk, in the upper part (in the place of the threaded connection) it is equipped with a brand-tube (nipple) to install the primer. For a shot, you must pull the base (ball) of the spring-loaded drummer and release it.
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must sign in.
  1. Sour
    Sour 22 March 2014 09: 00
    The purpose of this design is not entirely clear. I had to see units in the museum that combined a pistol and a saber or a pistol and an ax. This was due to the fact that in the Middle Ages the pistol was actually a disposable weapon and in close combat it could not be reused. But why combine the key and the gun is not clear.
    1. Sid.74
      Sid.74 22 March 2014 09: 44
      Quote: Sour
      . But why combine the key and the gun is not clear.

      Well, like this, you go for example through a tunnel or a staircase in a castle! In one hand you have a torch or a lamp in another key! That is, you will throw a lamp without light and miss the fugitive! And so there is something to bring noise and may even hurt! yes
      1. Sour
        Sour 22 March 2014 13: 20
        Unless for this. Then I do not argue. smile
        Combining a firearm with a cold weapon is normal. A bayonet rifle is a typical example.
        But to combine weapons with everyday objects ... Here the limit for imagination is unlimited. For example, a gun that is simultaneously a stapler. Or a machine gun, which is also a chainsaw. If you wish, you can come up with situations where such things come in handy.)))
        Laughter, laughter, and in the Red Army, mortar-shovel tests took place and was even adopted. Knew the person who came across this thing. He said that both how to use a shovel is inconvenient, and how a mortar is useless.
    2. Ostwind
      Ostwind 22 March 2014 15: 43
      the key performs its function - the secret door, a weapon is the protection of this important subject and its owner.
    3. vkrav
      vkrav 22 March 2014 16: 33
      Quote: Sour
      The purpose of this design is not entirely clear.

      Jailer's service tool laughing
  2. alex-cn
    alex-cn 22 March 2014 09: 28
    I agree. Almost the same, a pair of dueling pistols with a clock mounted in a pen. Human fantasies are unpredictable ...
  3. Mikhail3
    Mikhail3 22 March 2014 11: 36
    Most of all, it reminds me of modding flash drives.
    About the application. The owners of these keys did not have locks. They did not give them then to acquire castles - the aristocracy could still resist the ambitions of this scum. This key is terribly good when a business partner or a relative there (as it is still very fashionable in a business environment) wants the owner to "share" money. Well, to dig in a beloved relative in the basement, right next to the cherished chest, as usual, she also wants to.
    Trunks were then made with a host of different surprises, so it would be better if the hosts themselves opened them, otherwise the trouble would come from a poisoned needle in a raking paw to a powder charge in a greedy snout. So such a key is the weapon of last chance. It was not easy to identify him as a weapon, all the details were attributed to the complex construction of the castle. Well, and who of the filthy thieves over the chest is more agile - that is a dark, basement business ...
  4. les103284
    les103284 22 March 2014 12: 42
    I believe, first of all, the designer of these models, they tried to show some kind of innovation in the combination of weapons and tools. And to a lesser extent, they cared about the functionality and effectiveness of its use. In addition, the further development of weapons has revealed many such specimens worthy of attention.
  5. Ilya Mikhalych
    Ilya Mikhalych 22 March 2014 15: 17
    Interesting ... Most likely it was supposed to be a weapon of self-defense, although if we assumed that in those days the locks were not of the best quality and often broke, then you could try to shoot the castle from this key to hell, and ... wait for the police order and spend an exciting night in the monkey of the 18th century. Well, okay, article +
  6. The comment was deleted.
  7. DimDimych
    DimDimych 23 March 2014 17: 44
    I would not risk a similar key in my pants pocket ... laughing
  8. Azaat
    Azaat 23 March 2014 19: 41
    Why not make shooting locks.