Military Review



Scramasax is a combat knife with one-sided sharpening and, as a rule, an asymmetrical shank. Scramasax is a term that covers a wide variety of knife varieties, from small table knives to large combat knives. For simplicity, we will use the term scramasax, only to indicate weapons
Actually, under the scramasax in this article we mean knives more than 30 cm long and usually having a richly decorated scabbard.

The scramasaxos were worn in a leather case, on the warrior's thigh, and the case was connected to the belt through a series of bronze rings. Some Scramasax scabbards are made of wooden plates covered with leather, like the scabbards of swords. Many scabbards are covered with decorative ornaments.

The blade perfectly protected its owner from both people and animals, they could not only kill the beast, but also skin it, dismember game or cut down a tree. If necessary, a knife was also used for food.

Judging by the scarcity of archaeological finds and the fact that the Scaramasax were almost always with swords, we can conclude that the Scramasax is a weapon of a noble warrior, most likely from an older squad, possibly a Varangian. But having appeared in the XNUMXth century as a prestigious weapon, without leaving a particularly noticeable trace in the process of the formation of the ancient Russian weapons complex, they almost immediately disappeared and were subsequently used sporadically, apparently as a "democratic" type of weapon.

According to V.V. Kondratyev, author of the book “Historical fencing ", scramasax will not be recognized by the forensic examination of the Ministry of Internal Affairs with melee weapons if:
 - blade thickness - not less than 3 mm;
 - thickness of the cutting edge (including on the tip) - not less than 1,7 mm;
 - tip rounding - not less than 5 mm.


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  1. datur
    datur April 6 2011 13: 45
    CHIM SMOKE 14 May 2012 14: 15
    !!! Remember, even during the battle on Lake Peipsi, every Rusich had a knife - a boot (a usual-looking wedge-shaped, slightly long blade with a convenient handle, was often used for a variety of household needs, while the people who used it were craftsmen) !!! nothing special - but in skillful hands a sharpened nail is an excellent weapon! How did they do it ??? - in the sense of fighting against the well-equipped Livonian knights? - the main task is to throw a stick - a hook with the horse of such a dandy with a plume on the scruff of the neck and knife with his knife !!! so our descendants fought. And to let them in a short distance was ensured by a battle formation called the phalanx!
    1. SAFON 1
      SAFON 1 11 November 2013 15: 43
      I remember now! We stand with a phalanx, everyone has crimsons and knives - the Livonian knights, seeing us on the move, collapse and the ice under them melts. and I THINK about the descendants - what kind of little-educated they will be-graphists!
      1. Past_ Crocodile
        Past_ Crocodile 30 July 2014 08: 57
        Yes!!! So I immediately remembered.
  3. serge-68-68
    serge-68-68 25 July 2013 14: 38
    Funny comments ... :) :) :)