16 March in Crimea, a referendum was held, which secured the entry of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea into Russia. Shortly before the all-Crimean referendum on the status of the peninsula, Moscow negotiated with Mustafa Dzhemilev, the ex-chairman of the Mejlis of the Crimean Tatar people (MKTN). Dzhemilev met with ex-President of Tatarstan Shaimiev and had a telephone conversation with Vladimir Putin. In Russia, many did not understand why Russia chose as a negotiator a man for whom Russia has always been an evil empire. They did not understand, but came to terms with these negotiations as a fait accompli, since the visit of the anti-Russian Crimean aksakal was sanctioned by Moscow.
Before Dzhemilev honored the capital of Russia with his visit, representatives of Tatarstan repeatedly visited Crimea. The 16 March referendum became for Kazan its own, special victory, independent of Moscow’s actions. The question is, why, if, according to observers, the visits of the Kazan emissaries were not crowned with success?
The Tatar (more precisely, the Turkic) variations in the Russian battle for the Crimea will be discussed in this article.
Dzhemilev in Moscow
12 March, the ex-leader of the Mejlis of the Crimean Tatar people and deputy of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine Mustafa Dzhemilev arrived in Moscow. The ex-leader of the Mejlis of the Crimean Tatar people (hereinafter referred to as ICTN) was given a summit meeting. In the capital of Russia, the founder of MKTN had a telephone conversation with Vladimir Putin. And that is not all. In Moscow, the leader of the Mejlis met with the Tatar leader Mintimer Shaimiev.
The name of Shaimiev by the Tatar leader is not accidental. Despite the fact that Tatarstan was ruled by Rustam Minikhanov from 2010, the Babay clan remained at the helm of the republic (this is what Mintimer Shaimiev is called in Tatarstan). Having handed over power regiments to Minikhanov in 2010, Shaimiev went into the shadows, becoming the "gray cardinal" of Tatarstan. The political culture of post-Soviet Tatarstan is such that the real power is concentrated there not from official politicians, but from the "gray cardinals". As the course of life in Tatarstan shows, this practice will not undergo any changes in the near future. Even Putin, known for his short talk with the regional feudal lords of the Yeltsin era, does not dare dismantle the Tatarstan orders in the bud. Why he does not, we will explain later. In the meantime, back to Mustafa Dzhemilev.
March 14, the venerable ex-leader of the MCSTN was already in Brussels. There he met with Deputy Secretary General of NATO Alexander Vershbow, Deputy High Representative of the European Union for foreign policy Pierre Vimont and head of the Ukrainian mission to NATO Igor Dolgov.
Dzhemilev in Brussels
At the headquarters of NATO and the EU, Dzhemilev said that a possible war between Russia and Ukraine "will be the beginning of the end for Russia." According to Dzhemilev, such an outcome of the situation is deadly, because "it will be a question of the disintegration of the nuclear state." The former leader of the Mejlis called on the EU, NATO and the world community to urgently intervene in the affairs of Ukraine and Crimea.
Sources at MKTN say: in Brussels, the ex - leader of the Mejlis was assured that "Europe, together with Ukraine, intends to fight against the annexation of the Crimea.
In Brussels, Dzhemilev did not hide that he had been in Moscow before and talked with Putin over the phone. “I told him (Putin) that it was absurd to define the future of Crimea in these conditions by a referendum. And he replied that not all procedures were followed. And, say, the exit of Ukraine and other Union republics from the USSR provided for one procedure, and the exit itself occurred according to to another procedure. Putin says that Ukraine has not quite legally withdrawn from the USSR, ”recounted Dzhemilev in Brussels, his conversation with the President of Russia.
An important detail: the head of the NATO NATO mission, Sadiq Ustyun, wanted to meet with the Crimean akskal in Brussels. The current Turkey is the first NATO country in terms of the number of military reservists and the second (after the United States) in the level of combat capability. It is necessary to assume: Putin’s words that “Ukraine had not entirely legally left the USSR”, served as a catalyst, were retold by Jemilev’s words. Any attempt to revise the Belovezhsk Accords acts on the West like a red rag on a bull. It is quite logical to assume that Dzhemilev demanded that Brussels "enter the international peacekeeping corps following the example of Kosovo in Crimea" precisely when he felt that the West was afraid of revising the Yeltsin-Kravchuk-Shushkevich tripartite pact. "
Surrounded by Dzhemilev, they say: Mustafa’s Brussels visit - Efendi was crowned with success. Nevertheless, some Russian analysts believe that Cemilev did not achieve the desired results on the “western” field with his visit to Brussels. If you were warmly received somewhere, listened attentively and promised something, this does not mean that all your wishes will be fulfilled. Dzhemilev presented himself to the EU and NATO as a Ukrainian politician, and, according to analysts, this was his main mistake.
According to the international political scientist Stanislav Tarasov, it is becoming increasingly obvious that the West has begun to play all the scenarios out of the Ukrainian crisis, which may not be limited to solving only the problem of the status of Crimea. “If, because of Crimea, the West will“ burn bridges ”with Russia, then with whom and how, being actively involved in the Ukrainian crisis, will it continue to get out of the quagmire of the Kiev political swamp? That’s why he so insistently demands the creation of an international contact group, understanding that maydanovsky politicians who have come to power in Kiev have no mistake, it’s a mistake, ”said Tarasov. According to the expert, the EU and NATO clearly associated the Ukrainian politician Dzhemilev with Ukraine in the variation of the Maidan Directory and the Right Sector. The West would rather prefer more or less stable relations with Russia to an alliance with such Ukraine, even if the dismantling of the post-Soviet system of Eurasia looms on the horizon. The architects of world politics are well aware: it is better to take the poison proposed by the sage than the balm from the fool.
Most likely, in the West, Dzhemilev was perceived as a figure who judges the Crimean question from the events of the “times of Ochakov and the subjugation of Crimea”. Even the most frost-bitten “hawk” - the Russophobe will not risk associating the Crimean Tatars with Ukraine and with the Ukrainian deputies like Dzhemilev. In addition, the West knows that at the post of deputy of the Verkhovna Rada, Dzhemilev never spoke in defense of his fellow tribesmen. In the West, they can’t be unaware that the current representatives of the Mejlis of the Crimean Tatar people refused to boycott the referendum and called on the Crimean Tatars not to interfere with the general Crimean will, that is, distanced themselves from the Crimean ayatollahs. The results of the referendum are predetermined. In such a situation, beating head on the integration of Crimea into the Russian Federation, that is, following the requests of Dzhemilev, the West is not that unprofitable, but simply stupid.
Mustafa - Aby and Fauzia - Apa
So it was with Dzhemilev in the West. In Russia, his situation is different. Do not forget: the visit of Dzhemilev to Brussels took place after his talks with Mintimer Shaimiev and the conversation with Putin. It took place two days later, but not immediately. The “two days” factor indicates three things. First: Dzhemilev analyzed what he heard from his interlocutors in Moscow, and based on this, he drew further options of his actions in his mind. The second: what he heard in the capital of Russia did not correspond to what he wanted, so he went to the capital of Belgium. The third thing, a lot of important: just because Dzhemilev could not go to Moscow. His meeting with Shaimiev and the conversation with Putin were sanctioned in advance by Moscow. Sanctioned, despite the marginal status of the Crimean visitor.
The news that the highest circles of Russia are negotiating with this venerable aksakal plunged Russian observers into confusion.
“First, you need to understand who Dzhemilev is,” said Islamic scholar, expert of the National Strategy Institute, Rais Suleymanov, commenting on the paradoxical situation. “This is a dissident whose views were formed back in Soviet times, when everything Soviet was identified with Russian. And so far he is determined anti-russian. " According to Suleymanov, that Dzhemilev, that the current leader of the Mejlis of the Crimean Tatar people Refat Chubarov have influence from strength among 20% of the Crimean Tatars. The Ministry of Justice of Ukraine constantly refused registration to the Mejlis, therefore, this organization has only one status - marginal. “With the same success, the President of Russia could negotiate with the leader of the Milli Majlis of the Tatar people, the Tatar national separatist Fauzia Bayramova, who also likes to accept statements“ on behalf of all Tatars. ”Why no one organized Putin’s meeting, for example, with the leader of the Milli Party Firka "taking the pro-Russian position?", - Suleymanov is perplexed.
It is worth reminding the reader who Fauzia Bayramova is, who loves to accept and give statements on behalf of "all Tatars." In Tatarstan, it is called the "grandmother of Tatar nationalism." According to the degree of Russophobia, this middle-aged Tatar can only be compared with the notorious Caucasus-Center website. In hatred of Russia and the Russian people, “Grandma Fauzia” reached the point that Hitler began to regard as “the liberator of the Tatar people from 400 - the summer Russian slavery”. Those Tatars who fought in the ranks of the Red Army during the Great Patriotic War, for it are traitors to the people, but Tatar collaborationists from Idel-Ural are heroes. One such grateful “hero”, a resident of Munich Garif Sultan, called Fauzia Bayramova his adopted daughter and bequeathed her her five-room apartment in the capital of Bavaria. In his letters to Bayramova he regretted that “due to serious circumstances” he could not visit Tatarstan. Gafur's circumstances were more than serious. It was he who in 1943 passed the outstanding Tatar poet Musa Jalil to the Gestapo. In Tatarstan, no one wanted to see the Gestapo informer. With the exception of frost-bitten nationalists like Fauzia Bayramova, who, in her zoological hatred of Russians, is ready to embrace even Hitler, even Basayev, even Satan himself.
Dzhemilev, of course, does not stand on the same level with Bayramova, but is located with it on about one platform. The political activity of this aksakal takes place in the mainstream of the radical - the nationalist trends of Ukraine. Mustafa, the abyy, is obliged to his political rise by the Ukrainian nationalists Vyacheslav Chornovil and Stepan Khmara, whom he met during his Soviet depressions for dissidence. The second wave of activity of Dzhemilev fell on the 2004 Orange Revolution of the year. On the Independence 2004 of the Year, Dzhemilev's wife was among the “Guardsmen of the Maidan”. The Dzhemilevs' family contribution to the victory of the Orange Revolution was rewarded by the deputies of Mustafa — abyya in the Verkhovna Rada according to the lists of Our Ukraine of Yushchenko. After Yushchenko dissolved Our Ukraine and indulged in the joys of beekeeping, Jemilev joined the Batkivshchyna Party, whose interests he represented in the Ukrainian parliament until the February Revolution of 2014. The current political credo of Dzhemilev is an alliance with the Kiev junta, which he considers to be the legitimate government of Ukraine. Geopolitical - the union of Ukraine with NATO and the EU.
Able to convince
Russian observers reasonably doubt that Putin’s conversation with a counterparty like Dzhemilev was beneficial to Russia. First, observers say, Putin will have to fulfill all the promises that he made to Jemilev on March 12.
What exactly Putin promised to the Crimean Tatars, then Jemilev himself explained. "... Return, arrangement of repatriates, their representation in all branches of power; using the Crimean Tatar language as one of the official languages; recognition of representatives of the new body of the Crimean Tatars - the Mejlis of the Crimean Tatar people and Kurultay, created by these bodies of their power structures", - said Dzhemilev in an interview with the Tatarstan portal "Business ONLINE". Reading between the lines: Moscow went to ensure that the Crimean Tatar elites have direct and in fact priority access to the authorities of the Crimea. We are talking about elites, and not about the Crimean Tatar people. It is easy to predict what this will lead to: the Russian community of the Crimea will be indignant.
It is unlikely that it will bring pleasure to simple Crimean Tatars. Not all Crimean Tatars consider Dzhemilev a national hero. The middle and young generation of the Crimean Tatars believes that the activity of Mustafa is rather harmful to the Tatar people than helps. "He is trying to impose his anti-Soviet complexes on other Tatars, especially young silly people. After all, our youngsters are accustomed to obey their elders and therefore listen to Dzhemilev. This is not good. First of all, no one can impose their convictions. Secondly, reason must be above emotions and complexes And thirdly, the Crimean Tatars are more connected with Russia than with Ukraine. We shouldn’t quarrel with the Russians just because some of our old man under Brezhnev was in prison. And he was, by the way, in the cause, "said the author material one Crimean tatar personal conversation.
In addition, the results of Putin’s telephone conversations with Dzhemilev have finally undermined the myth that Russia is a common home for all Russian-speaking inhabitants of the world. In fact, the uncontrolled "green light" in power for the "specially elected" Crimean Tatars looks like real discrimination against the Russian-speaking majority of Crimea, which is far from prosperous, and Russians from the Baltic States, the countries of the South Caucasus and Central Asia, who dream of returning to Russia
The third “benefit” didn’t fail to discover itself immediately after Jemilev said goodbye to Putin by phone and shook Shaymiyev’s hand. 14 March it became known that Dzhemilev went to Brussels. In Ukraine, it looked as if Moscow had received a click on nose from Dzhemilev.
As it was said, for the political field of Crimea Dzhemilev is rather a marginal. Similarly, his condition is on the “field” of Ukraine: the Majlis of the Crimean Tatar people has not yet been registered by the Ministry of Justice of Ukraine, and Dzhemilev can position itself maximum as a people's deputy from “Batkivshchyna”, far from the most pro-Russian Ukrainian party. Why, then, did the Russian leadership actually sanction Dzhemilev's visit to Moscow and honor his conversation with Vladimir Putin himself?
The answer to this question is very simple. Moscow invited Dzhemilev for the reason for which he was criticized by younger tribesmen in the Crimea: he knows how to influence minds. As the Azerbaijani orientalist and political scientist Arif Yunusov told the author of the article, Putin is not the person who happens to meet with someone. “He studies the situation beforehand and if he decided to meet with Dzhemilev, it means that he understood the significance of this particular figure. I was surprised at all about the invitation. It was a strong move on the part of Putin. Of course, Putin failed to achieve his goal, but this is a different conversation. Moscow’s understanding of the real significance of Mustafa Dzhemilev, for the Crimean Tatars is not a marginal or a “museum exhibit,” but the moral leader of the Crimean Tatars, who really has tremendous weight, and the main figure for their own people. some of the few that meaningful figures from Tatarstan will be authorities for the Crimean Tatars, "said Arif Yunusov.
Kazan and Simferopol: strange love
To the words of Arif Yunusov should heed. And not only because he knows the Crimean Tatars well, since in 90 he worked with them through the UN. At the very beginning of the integration processes with the Crimea, Moscow tried to influence the Tatars of the Peninsula through their fellow tribesmen - the Volga Tatars. In early March, the President of Tatarstan Rustam Minnikhanov, the mufti of Tatarstan Camille Samigullin, representatives of the parliament of the republic visited Crimea. Observers qualified these negotiations as unsuccessful and virtually failed. According to these observers, the contacts of the Volga Tatars with the Crimean showed how far these two peoples are from each other. The President of Tatarstan had to resort to the services of an interpreter in the Crimea, since very few people could understand his Tatar language on the peninsula. The Tatar youth of Crimea considered the visits of “brothers” from the Volga region hostile acts. It cost all the young Tatars of the peninsula to find out that some delegation from Kazan was sent to their region, as in social networks there appeared messages that were not at all fraternal. Young Tatars of Crimea reproached the Volga delegates for the fact that they had not remembered their fellows in the Crimea for more than 20 years. And as soon as Ukraine staggered, you are here! Suddenly, we woke up, and immediately flew to the Crimea to reassure the Crimeans, as they are loved in Tatarstan. Strange love, isn't it ...
It is worth admitting that in the last decade, the attitude of the Crimean Tatars to the brothers from the Volga region has changed for the worse. Thank you for this should be Deputy Prime Minister of Crimea Rustam Temirgaliev and his father Ilmir - Volga Tatars by birth.
Father and son
Rustam Temirgaliyev, the current deputy head of the Crimean government, before joining politics was known as one of the most active businessmen of the peninsula. About half of the Crimean media are currently under Temirgaliyev’s control. In addition, Temirgaliyev owns a number of large land and economic assets. Rustam Temirgaliev is known for his passion for thoroughbred horses. The total value of his personal stud farm amounts to millions of euros. The Crimean Tatars, of course, are happy that their young deputy prime minister is so rich, but they think Temirgaliev is much more pleasant to communicate with his dear horses than with the common population of Crimea. The vice-premier suspects that his business is of a not entirely transparent nature, and that he does not disdain such forms of business as fraud and raiding.
Ilmir Temirgaliyev, the father of the vice-premier of Crimea, is known on the peninsula as a businessman and president of the All-Ukrainian Tatar Cultural Center “Tugan Tel” (“Mother Talk”). Many in Crimea believe that contacts between the Temirgaliyev family and representatives of various Islamist movements take place under the “roof” of the “Native Speech”. These suspicions were reinforced in August 2010, when "Tugan tel" sponsored mass festivities in honor of the holiday of Uraz - Bayram. On holidays, flags and posters of the extremist Islamist organization Hizb ut-Tahrir were spotted, and the organizers of the celebration did not hinder this. Ilmir Temirgaliyev explained the presence of the Hizb people by saying that “he wanted to arrange a holiday for all Muslims,” among whom he also ranked the followers of Hizb-ut-Tahrir. Explicit or implicit flirting of "Tugan tel" with the Islamists was then sharply condemned by the Majlis and Mustafa Dzhemilev personally. It is not difficult to guess whose political piggy bank then got political points.
Another unpleasant fact in the biography of Temirgaliyev - the eldest occurred in March 2010. His name was among the authors of the letter to the then Russian President Dmitry Medvedev. Signatories - representatives of the Crimean Tatar public - asked Medvedev to stop the prosecution ... "prominent Tatar social activist Fauzia Bayramova" (!) That same Tatar grandmother, who declared Hitler "the liberator of the Tatar people from 400 - the summer Russian yoke". Bayramova was then sentenced to one year probation for calling for the withdrawal of Tatarstan from the Russian Federation. In addition to the name of Temirgaliyev, among the signatories were the names of the leaders of the organization “Milli Firka” - an organization that is a natural competitor of the Mejlis in the struggle for influence among the Crimean Tatars. The names of the leaders of the Mejlis were not among the signatories. From the letter from the Crimea, Bayramova was neither hot nor cold, but it received much publicity in the media. The reputation of "Milli Firka" and the Temirgaliyevs families laid down a stain, but the Mejlis and Mustafa Dzhemilev again benefited significantly from the image. The image acquisition of the Mejlis spread to Russia, where the organization of Dzhemilev was perceived as pro-Russian, and Milli Firka was anti-Russian. In fact, between these organizations - the opposite is true.
Deputy Prime Minister Rustam Temirgaliyev is called a pro-Russian politician. But his pro-Russian has a peculiar color. When Temirgaliyev looks at Russia, his eyes are turned not towards Moscow, but towards Kazan, from where they continue to look towards the whole Turkic area. According to the views Temirgaliev is a Pan-Turkist, and he does not hide it.
“A new push in the development of the Turkic states began quite recently - after the collapse of the Soviet Union,” Temirgaliyev Jr. wrote in his article “Alga. And where?”, Which was released in December of 2011. "Modern Turkey and Kazakhstan, as well as the Republic of Tatarstan within the Russian Federation, demonstrate one of the highest rates of economic growth in the world. The reasons for such dynamic development of the Turkic states are known - the high level of education of the political and economic elite, which offered the population a plan for reform and development, the presence of social elevators when the most able-bodied young people get the opportunity to grow, as well as economic liberalism and a sufficient degree of patriotism. The ideologists of Pan-Turkism called this new period the era of Turkic Therefore, when some analysts argue about which development model is acceptable for the Crimean Tatars: Turkish or Tatarstan, the answer is obvious - Turkic or, to put it simply, you need to take all the best from both Ankara and Kazan. " Moscow in the article of Temirgaliyev was awarded a separate passage. "Relations between Moscow and Kazan are a separate article, but I note that today the government of Russia employs two ministers of Tatar nationality - Minister of Trade and Economic Development Elvira Nabiullina and Minister of the Interior Rashid Nurgaliyev." And that is all. Moscow is dear to Turku only because it became a springboard for Pan-Turkism, and not because it is the capital of Russia. It is unlikely that Temirgaliyev does not know that being a pan-Turkist and at the same time a pro-Russian politician is also impossible than being a communist and a Nazi at the same time, but what can you do ... No wonder he wrote that "relations between Moscow and Kazan are the topic of a separate article."
Crimea is Russia
16 March in 23 00 Moscow Moscow television channels of Russia announced that the referendum in the Crimea has been successfully completed. In the evening of March 16, a festive concert was held in Sevastopol, and the cheerful citizens chanted “Russia! Russia!”
Glad and in Kazan. The annexation of Crimea to Russia was for the Tatarstan elite an increase in the political role of Kazan and the strengthening of image positions of Tatarstan in the Russian political space. It is about politics and image, and not about real indicators like the economy or "social". Hand on heart, the economy of Tatarstan stands on three pillars: pumping out investments wherever possible, cyclopean industrial projects, from which there is often a miserable result, and on inflated figures, from which experienced UBEP will have a heart attack. But what real indicators can we talk about, if at stake is something else - the significance of Tatarstan! Such a goal will justify any means.
For the sake of the significant increase in the significance of Tatarstan in Kazan, they were silent about such things that the president of the republic in Crimea was not perceived as a serious negotiator, and that Kazan is associated by the Crimean Tatars not with the most pleasant phenomena. Actually, it was not the result of the negotiations of the highest officials of Tatarstan with the Crimean Tatars, but the fact of negotiations that was important. The Crimean Tatar "brothers" gently, carefully and diplomatically reminded who is in charge among the Tatars of Russia, and whom they will have to be in the future. The main Tatar of Russia is not Minikhanov at all, Rustam Nurgaliyevich is “little Babai”, and only Mintimer Sharipovich can be “big Babai”.
At the very beginning of the article we promised to explain why Moscow, having shut off oxygen to all regional barons, left it for Kazan. The explanation is simple as an abbreviation of "RF". The ethnocratic status quo of the Republic of Tatarstan to Moscow is beneficial. Beneficial because those residents of the Republic of Tajikistan who are disappointed in the Shaimiev clan are supporters of Vladimir Putin. These people objectively evaluate the activities of the President of the Russian Federation, see its shortcomings, and do not flatter themselves about the political abilities of Vladimir Vladimirovich. The fact is that Vladimir Putin is the only person in Russia to whom Tatarstan opponents of ethnocrats can turn their aspirations and hopes. The opponents of the ethnocrats are the Kryashen, the Russian population of the Republic of Tajikistan and the opposition-minded Tatars, of which there are many in the republic. As a result, the actions of the ruling elite of Tatarstan give in the Republic of Tatarstan a maximum of votes for Vladimir Putin and members of the Russian party in power affiliated with him. If Tatarstan were ruled not by the ethnocrats from the Shaimiev clan, but by other people, the situation would be different, therefore Moscow does not make any sharp movements with respect to the “Shaimiev’s”.
The topic of a separate article is such a national feature of Tatarstan as a Wahhabi holding - the merging of the ruling elite of the republic with the radical - Islamists of all stripes, from Wahhabis to Hizb ut-Tahrir.
But on this better to talk another time. Now we should congratulate the residents of the Crimea with what they were waiting for - the long-awaited reunion with Russia.
With Russia, and not by someone else. The fact that the Crimea is now Russia, sooner or later, everyone will humble themselves. Including, the main character of our article is Mustafa Dzhemilev.
Inshalla, the fact that the Crimea is Russia will reach other geographical points. Including, to Kazan.